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Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"

REV rORICAL 

GEN" CTION 



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ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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GENEALOGY 
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VOLUME I. 




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p PREFACE 

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On commencing a periodical, the question naturally arises, Why 
issue a new publication ? This question we assume as put in our 
case ; and we reply to it, There is no work* of the kind in the 
country, and one seems to be much needed. The following list of 
subjects mentioned in the Prospectus of the Periodical will serve to 
elucidate its character and show the importance of its publication. 
" It will comprehend, 

" 1. Biographical Memoirs, Sketches, and Notices of persons who 
came to North America, especially to New England, before Anno 
Domini 1700; showing from what places in Europe they came, 
their Families there, and their Descendants in this country; 

"2. Full and minute Genealogical Memoirs and Tables, showing 
the lineage and descent of Families, from the earliest dates to 
which they can be authentically traced, down to the present time, 
with their branches and connections ; 

"3. Tables of Longevity, Statistical and Biographical Accounts 
of Attorneys, Physicians, Ministers and Churches of all denomi na- 
tions, of Graduates at Colleges, Governors, Senators and Repre- 
sentatives in Congress, Military Ollicers, and other persons of dis- 
tinction, and occasionally entire Tracts, which have become rare and 
of permanent Historical value ; 

"4. Lists of names found in ancient documents, such, especially, 
as were engaged in any honorable public service ; also the docu- 
ments themselves, when they may contain any important facts 
illustrative of the lives and actions of individuals; 

" 5. Descriptions of the Costumes, Dwellings, and Utensils of 
various kinds, belonging to the earliest times to which the Ancestry 
of Families may be traced ; to be accompanied, when practicable, 
with drawings or engravings; 

"6. Ancient Inscriptions and Epitaphs, with descriptions of 
Cemeteries, Monuments, Tombs, Tablets; also, extracts from the 
Town and Parish Records of New England ; 



IV P U E F A C E . 

"7. Descriptions of Armorial Hearings, and of other Heraldic 
devices, . occasionally emblazoned, wiih sufficient explanations of 
the principles and terms of Heraldry. 

" The Publication will embrace many other materials of a Miscel- 
laneous and Statistical character, more or less connected with its 
main design ; which, it is believed, will contribute to render it 
interesting to intelligent persons of every class in the community. 

" Each Number will be embellished with a Portrait of some dis- 
tinguished individual. There will also occasionally be illustrative 
engravings in the work." 

The period has arrived when an awakened and a growing inter- 
est is felt in this country in the pursuit, and especially in the 
results, of Historical and Genealogical Researches ; and when 
the practical importance, both to individuals and to society, of the 
knowledge which is obtained by such investigations, from the scat- 
tered and perishable records of local, domestic, and traditionary 
history, begins to be appreciated. The existence, and active exer- 
tions, of the Historical, Antiquarian, and Statistical Societies 
which have arisen within a few years past in most of the older 
states of the Union, is a sufficient evidence of the fact. 

The New England Historic- Genealogic I Society, chartered some 
years since by the Legislature of Massachusetts, proposes to direct 
its attention to the promotion of the objects above specified. It 
will do this in various ways ; — particularly by the establishment of 
a Library, a Cabinet of Curiosities, and a Collection of Paintings; 
but especially by a Periodical. A Library, respectable for ihe time 
the Society has existed, has been established, and a Cabinet of 
Curiosities and a Collection of Paintings have been commenced. 
Though the Society early contemplated the publication of a Peri- 
odical, yet the time for issuing it seemed not to have arrived until 
the beginning of the present year, when a work was commenced. 
And through the goodness of a kind Providence we have been 
enabled to bring to a close the first Volume of the New England 
Historical and Genealogical Register. Some of the articles have 
been prepared with a great amount of labor, and in some cases 
from sources exceedingly rare. During the arduous labors per- 
formed, we have been sustained by the hope that we were not 
laboring altogether in vain. 

We would here take occasion to express our thanks 1o those gen- 
tlemen who have aided us by contributing to the articles of our pages, 
by extending the circulation of the work, and by commending it to 



P R E F A C E . V 

the patronage of the community. In these ways essential service 
has been rendered. 

We now enter upon the duties of another year with undimin- 
ished zeal and confidence in the cause we have espoused, hoping 
with the Divine blessing, to make the ensuing volume more valua- 
ble than its predecessor. In this work, we come in collision with 
no other class of men ; we interfere with no other publication. 
Occupying a new and distinct department, we shall aim to make 
the periodical a work of permanent value as a repository ol minute 
and authentic facts, carefully and methodically arranged on a great 
variety of subjects pertaining to antiquities, history, statistics, and 
genealogy. In doing this we cannot but feel that we are performing 
a great service for the country at large, but especially for New Eng- 
land, and her sons wherever scattered. Accurate and faithful his- 
torians, chronologists, and genealogists are important benefactors. 
Such was Polybius among the Greeks, Tacitus among the Romans. 
Thomas Prince, Abiel Holmes, and John Farmer, in New England. 

In preparing the Register, our sources of information have been 
Hazard's Historical Collections, the Panoplist and oilier periodicals, 
as newspapers, the Collections of the numerous Historical and 
Antiquarian Societies, the various works on Biography, the different 
Histories of the States and of the Country, as well as other works 
of a similar character, and the almost innumerable histories of 
towns, and historical and biographical discourses ; but our greatest 
and best sources of information have been family, church, town, and 
county records, original ancient manuscript documents of various 
name and nature, and also many recent communications respecting 
matters of olden time. But little reliance has been placed upon hear- 
say or traditionary evidence. We make this general statement as 
an apology for not having mentioned continually, and many 
times over, the authorities for what we have published. 

In preparing the coming volume, we are encouraged to expect 
the cooperation of several learned antiquaries and other estimable 
writers. We shall also have access to a large amount of valuable 
materials suited to our wants. In various ways we hope to give 
an increased interest to our works, and that a corresponding pairon- 
age will be awarded to us by a reading, intelligent, and generous 
public. We respectfully and earnestly solicit the assistance of those 
friendly to our object, and above all, the benediction of Him, whom 
we serve. 

October, 1847. 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME I 



NO. I. 

Landing of the rilgrims, at Plymouth, Pec, 1620 — a Plate. - 

Memoir of John Farmer, M. A., with a Portrait, 

Genealogical Memoir of the Farmer Family, 

Memoirs of Graduates of Harvard College, .... 

Congregational Ministers and Churches in Rockingham County, N. 

Foreign Missionaries from Norwich, Ct., 

Passengers in the Mayflower in 1020, ..... 

Major Pendleton's Letter, * - 

Capt. Miles Standislfs Inventory of Books, - 

Juridical Statistics of Merrimack County, 

Biographical Notices of Deceased Physicians in Massachusetts, 
Extract from a Letter of Hon. William Cranch, 
Letter from Rev. John Walrond to Rev. William Waldron, - 
Form of a Family Register, ....... 

Genealogy of the Chase Family, 

" " Dudley Family, 

Epitaphs, 

Instances of Longevity in Belfast, Me., 

Scraps from Interleaved Almanacks, 

Decease of the Fathers of New England, 

Notice of Governor Bradstreet, with an Engraving of his House, 
Sketches of Alumni at the different Colleges in New England, - 

Fathers of New England, 

Gov. Hinckley's Verses on the Death of his second Consort, 
Biographical Notices of Physicians in Kingston, N. II., - 
Register of Births in Dedham, ------- 

Anniversarv of the New England Society at Cincinnati, O., 
Notices of S T ew Puhlications, ....... 



IT. 



y 

21 

34 

40 
4tj 
47 
53 
54 
54 
60 
65 
66 
07 
08 
71 
72 
73 
73 
74 
75 

91 
02 
95 
99 
100 
100 



NO. II. 

Memoir of Hon. Samuel Sewall, with a Portrait, 

Letter of Chief-Justice Sewall, - 

Col. Gookin's Letter, ...... 

History of the Pilgrim Society, - 
Passengers of the Golden Hind, with ari Engraving. 
Passengers of the Speedwell of London, 
Examination of Quakers, ..... 

Complete List of the Ministers of Boston - 

First Settlers of New England, .... 

Capital Offences in Massachusetts, 
Juridical Statistics of Merrimack County, N. II., 
Reasons for Genealogical-Investigations 
Our Ancestors, - - - - • 

Congregational Ministers and Churches in Rockingham ( 

Proprietors of New Haven, Ct., - 

Memoir of Enoch Parsons, Esq., with a Portrait, 

Philosophy of Life, 

Genealogy of the Cotton Family, 

" '• Butler Family. .... 



ntv, N. 



105 
111 
113 
114 
120 
132 
132 
134 
137 
139 
140 
147 
149 
150 
157 
1 59 
163 
164 
107 



vm 



CONTENTS. 



Genealogy of the Minot Family, - - - • - - - - • 171 

Biographical Notices of Deceased Physicians in Massachusetts, - - - - 178 

Sketches of Alumni at the different Colleges in New England, - - - - 182 

Dr. Wutts's Letter of Condolence to Madam Sewall, 191 

List of Ancient Names in Boston and Vicinity, 19" 1 

Family Increase, ------------- l'Jfi 

Instances of Longevity, .-...-..-•« 19C 

Marriages and Deaths, 197 

Notices of New Publications, l y,J 



NO. III. 

Memoir of Governor Endecott, with a Portrait, 

( >riginal Covenant of the First Church in the Massachusetts Colonv 

Heraldry, 

Heraldic Plate, 

Ratification of the Federal Constitution by Massachusetts, 

Letter of Chief-Justice Sargeant, 

Complete List of the Ministers of Boston, - 

Congregational Ministers and Churches in Rockingham County, N 

Genealogy of the Wolcott Family, ..... 

" Minot Family, 

" " Parsons Family, ..... 

Ancient Bible in the Bradford Family, ..... 
Biographical Notices of Physicians in Rochester, N. II., 
Sketches of Alumni at the different Colleges in New England, - 

Advice of a Dying Father to his Son, 

Relationship, ......--.- 

Decease of the Fathers <.f New England, .... 

New England, 

Arrival of early New England Ministers, 

Genealogies and their Moral, ....... 

First Settlers of Rhode Island, 

Marriages and Deaths, 

Notices of New Publications, 



H. 



NO. IV. 

Memoir of Governor Hutchinson, with a Portrait, 

The Fndecolt Rock. 

First Settlement of Norwich. Ct. 

Names of the First Settlers of Norwich, in 16G0, .... 

Patent of the Town of Norwich, in 1685, 

Letter of Lieut-Governor Stoughton, 

Complete List of the Ministers of Boston, - - - - - 
Congregational Ministers and Churches in Rockingham County, N. II 

Huguenots, - - - 

On Genealogy, ---------- 

Genealogy of the Endieott Family, ...... 

Notice of the Huntington Family, ------- 

Genealogy of Henri Gachet, ....... 

Genealogy of the Gpokin Family, 

The Foster Family, 

Illustrations of Genealogy, accompanied with a Diagram, 
Memoir of Rev. Zcphaniah S. Moore, D. D., .... 

Memoir of Albert G. Upham. M. D., 

Burial-Place at "Old Town." (Newbury, Ms.,) - - - - 
On the. Wearing of the Hair, - - - - - 

Prolific Family, 

Population of the Colonics in this Country in 1700, 

Scotch Prisoners sent to Massachusetts in 1652, - 

Marriages and Deaths, ......... 

Notices of New Publications, ....... 

Index of Subjects, 

Index of Names, - - - • - 













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NEW ENGLAND 
HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER, 



VOL. I. JANUARY, 1847. NO. 1, 



MEMOIR OF JOHN FARMER, M. A., 

LATE CORRESPONDING SECRETARY QV THE NEW HAMPSHIRE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

John Farmer, who was the most distinguished Genealogist and 
Antiquary of this country, was born at Chelmsford, Ms., June 12, 
1789.^ He was the eldest son of John Farmer, who married, Jan- 
uary 24, 1788, Lydia Richardson, daughter of Josiah Richardson 
of Chelmsford, Ms. His father was the son of Oliver Farmer, born 
July 31, 17:28, who was the son of Edward, born at Anslcy, "War- 
wickshire, England, who emigrated to this country about the year 
1G70, and settled at Billerica, Ms.f 

Mr. Farmer inherited a feeble constitution. From early life till 
death, his appearance was that of a person in the last stage of a 
consumption. But notwithstanding his great bodily infirmity, he 
was enabled by his industry and perseverance to accomplish 
wonders. 

From childhood, he was fond of books and study; ever diligent, 
as a scholar, and excelling most of his school-fellows in his acqui- 
sitions of knowledge. Hours which, during recess or vacation, the 
more hardy and robust would spend in athletic games and youthful 
sports, he was disposed to employ in poring over books of history, 
geography and chronology, inquiring after ancient records and 

* Considering 1 tho character which the Register is to sustain, we have supposed that this 
number of the Work could, commence with no article more interesting, than a Biographical 
Notice of Mr. Farmer. The Notice is principally an Abstract from a Memoir of luni pre- 
pared by Jacob B. Moore, Esij., now residing at Washington, D. C. 

| We purposely omit a further notice of Mr. Farmer's ancestors, as a full account will 
appear in the genealogy of the Farmer Family, which he prepared and published, some 
years before his death. Having been remodelled and improved, it is inserted in this number 
of the Register. 



10 Memoir of [Jan. 

papers, looking into the genealogy of families, and copying and 
treasuring up anecdotes and traditions of Indians and Revolu- 
tionary struggles. In his fondness for writing, and for copying 
antiquarian, civil, ecclesiastical and literary matters, he almost 
insensibly acquired a beautiful style of penmanship, which gave to 
all his manuscripts a peculiar air of neatness and grace. A favor- 
ite of the clergyman of his native place, he was allowed free access 
to his books and papers, and thus he imbibed those impressions of 
filial respect for the ministers of the gospel, which he exhibited on 
all occasions through life. He regarded, with great reverence, the 
clerical profession, looking upon the ministers of the cross as 
indeed " the messengers of God." 

At the age of sixteen, he became a clerk in a store at Amherst, 
N. H. Here he remained five years, giving diligent attention to 
the business of his employers, and devoting his leisure hours to 
literary studies and correspondence. In a letter to the Rev. llez- 
ekiah Packard, D. D., who had been his teacher before he went to 
Amherst, Mr. Farmer spoke with affection and gratitude of his 
early Instructor; and in a reply, dated Wiscasset, Me., Dec. 4, 
1809, the Doctor says, " If any of my friendly and religious coun- 
sels, or any books I put into your hands, made deep and lasting 
impressions upon your tender mind, you will join me in giving 
praise and glory to God and the Redeemer. I can truly say of my 
pupils, as St. John did of those he had converted to the Christian 
faith, 'I have no greater joy than seeing them walking in the 
truth.' I am much pleased with the account you give of your 
industry and progress. If you have no idea of a college education, 
it might appear as useful to you to become more familiar with 
your favorite branches, geography, history, the constitutions of our 

. State governments and that of our common country, as well as 
-with the origin and progress of wars, and other calamities of the 
eastern world." No pupil, probably, ever more highly valued an 

> instructor, than did young Farmer; and that he placed a high 
estimate upon the teachings of Dr. Packard, is sufficiently shown 
.by his affectionate remembrance of him, and by his pursuits in 
after life, and the results of his many labors. 

in the course of the year 1810, finding the labors of his station 
too arduous for his feeble health, Mr. Farmer left the store, and 
.engaged in teaching school, an employment in which he is said to 
have greatly excelled. Two or three years previous to this, a liter- 
ary association for mutual improvement was formed at Amherst, 



1847.] John Farmer, M. A. 11 

the members of which met weekly for debate, the rehearsal of 
pieces, and reading original compositions. Of this society, Mr. 
Farmer was for about eleven years the chief supporter, contribu- 
ting largely to the interest and usefulness of the meetings by his 
own performances, and by inviting and attracting to it the young 
men of promise that were about him. The neighboring clergy 
were made honorary members of it, and frequently attended its 
meetings, and participated in the discussions. 

While engaged in school-keeping, Mr. Farmer cultivated his 
natural taste, and pursued, with industry, historical inquiries. Jn 
1813, becoming known to some of the Members of the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society, he was elected a Corresponding Member 
of it, and immediately became a contributor to its Collections, which 
have been published. In 1816, he published, in a pamphlet form, 
his "Historical Sketch of Billerica," and furnished many valaal^e 
facts towards the materials for the History of Chelmsford, after- 
wards published by the Rev. Mr. Allen. Jn 1820, he published 
" An Historical Sketch of Amherst from the first settlement of the 
town," in pamphlet form. In these two publications, the marked 
peculiarities of his mind are strongly exhibited. He evinced a 
memory wonderfully tenacious of particular facts, dates, and names, 
sound judgment in collecting, selecting, and arranging his materials, 
and an exquisite niceness and exactness in all the details of these 
histories. 

About this time, Mr. Farmer commenced the study of medicine 
with Dr. Matthias Spalding, an eminent Physician of Amherst; 
but after a few months, foreseeing that he should be unfitted to 
discharge the laborious duties of the profession, he relinquished the 
study ; and in 182 L, removed to Concord. He there formed a con- 
nection in business with Dr. Samuel Morril, and opened an apoth- 
ecary's store, from which circumstance he received the title of Doc- 
tor. His feeble health not allowing any kind of bard manual 
labor, or exposure to the changes of weather out of doors, he, partly 
of necessity and partly of choice, adopted a very sedentary mode 
of life. He was rarely away from his place of residence. He 
deemed it hazardous for him to leave home. In 1836, however, 
after a lapse of eighteen years, he visited Boston, where he was 
treated with marked respect and attention by the literati of the 
city; but was quite ill, while there, and unable to enjoy very mu h 
of what he expected from his visit. He soon returned home, 
restore] *o comparative health. 



12 Memoir of [Jan 

From the time of his removal to Concord, Mr. Farmer devoted 
himself principally to what had become his favorite studies and 
pursuits. He garnered together hooks of ancient date, early record- 
of the towns, and notices of the first settlers of the country ; inquired 
into the names, ages, characters and deaths of distinguished men 
of every profession ; and entered into extensive correspondence with 
individuals who might be able to furnish him with facts, relating i<> 
the subjects of his inquiry. In short, he soon became known as an 
Antiquary, distinguished beyond any of his fellow-citizens, for exact 
knowledge of facts and events relative to the history of New Hamp- 
shire, and of New England generally. His mind was a wonderful 
repository of names, and dates, and particular incidents ; and bo 
general and well established was his reputation for accuracy of 
memory, that his authority was relied on as decisive in historical 
and genealogical facts. And though at times, he might have been 
inaccurate, it is to be remembered, that, while he was the greatest 
Genealogist and Antiquary of the country, he was also the Fiona i 
in this department of knowledge ; and while some, who shall 
follow him, may occasionally discover a mistake, the honor of this 
is not to be compared to the honor of projecting' and cxecutini> 
such works as Mr. Farmer's. 

In 1322, Mr. Farmer, in connection with Jacob B. Moore, Esq.. 
commenced a Periodical Miscellany, devoted principally to, " 1. His- 
torical Sketches of Indian wars, battles, and exploits ; of the 
adventures and suiierings of the captives : 2. Topographical De- 
scriptions of towns and places in New Hampshire, with their history, 
civil and ecclesiastical : o. Biographical Memoirs and Anecdotes of 
eminent and remarkable persons who lived in New Hampshire, or 
who have had connection with its settlement and history : 4. Statis- 
tical Tables ; Tables of Births, Diseases, and Deaths : 5. Meteor- 
ological Observations, and facts relating to climate." Three volumes 
of this work were published. 

In the same year he received the honorary degree of Master of 
Arts from Dartmouth College ; and in the following year he was 
complimented with the appointment of Justice of the Peace for the 
newly constituted county of Merrimack, but he did not deem the 
office of sufficient importance, ever to act under his commission. 

The New Hampshire Historical Society was established, Ma\ 
20, 1823; and, although Mr. Farmer was unable to be present at 
any of the early meetings of its founders, he took a deep interest 
in its establishment, and contributed much towards its organization 



IS 17".] John Farmer i M, A. i.j 

and success. Though he was never more than once or twice 
present at the meetings of the Society, yet lie never failed to com- 
municate with the members, by letter or otherwise, on such occa- 
sions, lie was Corresponding Secretary of the Society till hi? 
} death, the duties of which office he discharged with rare ability 
and fidelity. Of the five volumes of Collections, published by the 
Society, he was on the Publishing Committee of four. The fifth 
volume was wholly compiled by him, and all the preceding vol- 
umes are enriched by his contributions. 

In 1823, Mr. Farmer, with an associate, Jacob B. Moore, Esq., 
published " A Gazetteer of the State of New Hampshire, compre- 
hending, 1. A concise description of the several towns in the 
Slate, in relation to their boundaries, divisions, mountains, lakes, 
ponds: 2. The early history of each town; names of the first 
settlers, and what were their hardships and adventures ; instances 
I of longevity, or of great mortality ; and short biographical notices 
of the most distinguished and useful men : 3. A concise notice of 
the formation of the first churches in the several towns ; the names 
of those who have been successively ordained as ministers, and 
the time of their settlement, removal or death : 1. Also, notices of 
permanent charitable and other institutions, literary societies, cVc." 
This work was one of immense labor. 

Mr. Farmer's published works are very numerous ; and, consid- 
ering his infirm state of health during the whole seventeen years of 
his residence in Concord, those who best knew him were surprised 
at the extent and variety of his labors. The following is believed 
to be an accurate list of his productions, with the exception of his 
occasional contributions to the newspapers, or other ephemeral 
publications. 

1. A Family Register of the Descendants ot Edward Farmer, 
of Billerica, in the youngest branch of his Family. 12mo, pp. 12. 
Concord, 1813 ; with an Appendix, 12mo, pp. 7. Concord, 1S24. 
This work, with some additions, was reprinted at Hingham, in 
18:28. 

2. A Sketch of Amherst, N. II., published in 2 Coll. Mass. Hist. 
Soc. ii. Boston, 1814. 

3. A Topographical and Historical Description of the County of 
Hillsborough, N. IL, published in 2 Coll. Mass. Hist. Soc. vii. 
Boston, 1818. 

4. An Historical Memoir of Billerica, Ms., containing Notices of 
the principal events in the Civil and Ecclesiastical A Hairs of the 



14 Memoir of [Jan. 

Town, from its first settlement to 1316. 8vo, pp. 36. Amherst, 
1816. 

5. An Historical Sketch of Amherst, N. IT., from the first settle- 
ment to 1820. 8v0, pp. 35. Amherst, 1820. A second edition, 
much enlarged, was published at Concord, in IS-]?. 8vo, pp. 52. 

6. An Ecclesiastical Register of New Hampshire; containing a 
succinct account of the different religious denominations j their 
origin, and progress, and present numbers ; with a Catalogue of 
the Ministers of the several Churches, from L638 to 1821; the date 
of their settlement, removal, or death, and the number of commu- 
nicants in 1821. 18mo, pp. 36. Concord, 182:2. 

7. The New Military Guide, a compilation of Rules and Regu- 
lations for die use of the Militia. 12mo, pp. 144. Concord, 1822. 

8. The New Hampshire Annual Register and United Slate- 
Calendar, published annually at Concord, from 1822 to 1S38, inclu- 
sive, seventeen numbers, each consisting of 144 pages, 18mo, ex- 
cepting those for 1823 and 1824, which were in 12mo, pp. 152, 132. 

0. A Gazetteer of the State of New Hampshire, with a Map, 
and several Engravings, (in conjunction with Jacob B. Moore, 
Esq.) J2mo, pp. 27G. Concord, 1823. 

10. Collections, Historical and Miscellaneous, (in connection 
with J. B. Moore, Esq.) 3 vols. 8vo, pp. 302, 3S8, 38S. With an 
Appendix to Vols. II. and HI. pp. 110, 07. Concord, 1S22, 1823, 

I 1824. 

11. Memoir of the Penacook Indians, published in an Appendix 
to Moore's Annals of Concord, 1824. 8vo, pp. 7. 

12. A Genealogical Register of the First Settlers of New Eng- 
land, containing an Alphabetical List ol' the Governors, Deputy 
Governors, Assistants or Counsellors, and Ministers of the Gospel, 
in the several Colonies, from 1620 to 1092 ; Representatives of the 
General Court of Massachusetts, from 1034 to 1G92 ; Graduates of 
Harvard College, to 1002 ; Members of the Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery Company, to 1002; Freemen admitted to the Massachu- 
setts Colony, from 1030 to 1002; with many other of the early 
inhabitants of New England and Hong Island, N. Y., from 1020 
to the year 1(57"); to which are added various Genealogical ami 
Biographical Notes, collected from Ancient Records, Manuscripts, 
and printed Works. 

13. A Catechism of the History of New Hampshire, from its 
first settlement, for Schools and Families. 18mo, pp. 87. Concord, 
1829. Second edition, 18mo, pp. 108, in 1830. 












. 



IS 17.] John Farmer^ JJ. A. lo 

14. The Concord Directory. 12mo, pp. 24. Concord, 1830. 

1"). Pastors, Deacons, and Members of the First Congregational 
Church in Concord, N. II., from Nov. 18, L730, to Nov. 18, 1-:!'). 
8vo,pp. £1. Concord, 1S30. 

16. An edition of the Constitution of New Hampshire, with 
Questions; designed for the use of Academies and District Schools 
in said State. ISino, pp. OS. Concord, 1831. 

17. A new edition of Belknap; containing various Corrections 
and Illustrations of the first and second volumes of Dr. Belknap's 
History of New Hampshire, and additional Facts and Notices of 
Persons and Events therein mentioned. Published in 1 vol. Svo, 
pp. 512. Dover, 1831, 

15. Papers in the Second and Third Series of the Massachusetts 
Historical Collections. 

19. Papers in the five published volumes of Collections of the 
New Hampshire Historical Society. 

20. Papers in the American Quarterly "Register, viz : Sketches of 
the First Graduates of Dartmouth College, from 1771 to 1783; 
List of , the Congregational and Presbyterian Ministers of New 
Hampshire, from its first settlement to 1S14 ; List of the Gradu- 
ates of all the Colleges of New England, containing about 19,000 
names; List of eight hundred and forty deceased Ministers who 
were graduated at Harvard College, from 1642 to 1^26, together 
with their ages, the time of their graduation and of their decease; 
and Memoirs of Ministers who have graduated at Harvard Col- 
lege to 1657. 

It will be obvious that these work's required severe labor and 
unwearied care in their preparation. Of Mr. Parmer's edition c' 
Belknap's History of New Hampshire it is sufficient to say, tha. 
the work is very much improved by the Annotalor, who has em- 
bodied a great mass of valuable matter in his notes relative to ihe 
subjects of which he treated. It was his intention to have prepared 
a second volume for the press, and he had collected a mass of 
materials for the work, but did not live to accomplish his design. 

The Genealogical Register is a most wonderful exhibition of 
persevering industry. It may justly be called his great ivork, both 
on account of the quantity of matter which it contains and the 
difficulty of tracing out branches of families, where we have no 
regular <*enealo"v. It embraces many thousands of name's of 
persons, with dates of birth, death, offices sustained, places o( resi- 
dence, &c, chiefly through the seventeenth century. For one who 



f- 



Jf> Memoir of [Jan. 

is fond of genealogical investigations, there is no treasure-house 

no o * 

like it. There are but a few .surnames found in New England, 
during the two centuries of our existence, which do not then 
appear. Had Mr. Farmer published nothing else, this would 
remain a lasting monument of his patient research and marvellous 
accuracy. lie has left a corrected copy of his Register, greatly 
enlarged by successive additions, corrections, and illustrations. He 
has also left several valuable manuscripts, more or less complete, 
containing Sketches of deceased Lawyers, Physicians, Counsellors, 
and Senators in New Hampshire ; Tables of .Mortality and Longev- 
ity ; Memoirs of more than two thousand early graduates of Harvard 
College, and also of many graduates of Dartmouth College. Those 
of Dartmouth College consist only of a few memoranda of those 
individuals who received their degrees prior to 1799.^ 

A great labor, and the one on which Mr. Farmer had been 
engaged for a considerable time previous to his death, was the 
•examining and arranging of the State Papers at Concord. Under 
a resolution of the Legislature of New Hampshire, approved Jan. 
3, 1S-37, he was appointed to " examine, arrange, index, prepare 
for, and superintend the binding, and otherwise preserving, such of 
the public papers in the archives of the State, as may be deemed 
worthy of such care." Of this species of labor, no one knows the 
extent and difficulty, unless he has either himself been versed in if, 
or has frequently watched its progress when undertaken by others. 
Mr. Farmer, in a letter to a distinguished literary friend in Massa- 
chusetts, written in August, 1837, says, in reference to it, "that lie 
has had a great burden resting on him for the last four or five 
months;" and adds, "the records and files were in great confusion, 
no attempt having been made for arranging and binding a regular 
series of the former or for properly labelling and classifying the lat- 
ter. In a few cases, I believe, there were papers of three centuries 
in the same bundle. This will serve to give you an idea of the 
confusion in which I found them. I began first with the Province 
Records, arranged under three different heads: 1. Journals of the 
House ; 2. Journals of the Council and Assembly ; 3. Journals of 
the Council.. The Journals of the House received my first atten- 
tion. These I found to commence in 1711, and from that time to 
177-3, they existed in twenty different portions, some in leaves, and 

* These Memoirs of graduates at Harvard and Dartmouth Collecres were, agreeably to the 
desire. of .Mr. Farmer, placed in the hands of the Rev. Dr. Cogswell of Boston, lor his dis- 
posal. 



1817.] John Fanner, M. A. 17 

in mere paper books, of a few sheets each. Only three or four 
were, bound volumes. I arranged the whole so as to make eight 
volumes; copying about three hundred pages, which would not 
conform in size. These have been bound in Russia leather, with 
spring backs, and make a handsome array of folios, containing 
3,813 pages. The Council and Assembly Records, beginning 1699 
and ending 1774, in five volumes, large folio, and containing 2,260 
pages, next were arranged, and are now ready for the binder. The 
Council records are imperfect, audit will be necessary to copy much 
from the files before they are ready to bind. Besides these, I have 
collected the speeches and messages of the Provincial Governors, 
from 1G99 to 1775, arranged them in chronological order, and have 
had them bound in three handsome volumes of about L,500 pages. 
I will not mention the amount of papers in files which I have been 
over, new folded, and labelled." 

Governor Hill, in his annual message to the Legislature, in June, 
1S37, says: " Under the resolution of the last session, John Farmer, 
Esq., has for several week's been engaged in arrangingfor binding and 
preservation the shattered records and public papers in the archives 
of this Slate. Perhaps a century may occur before another person 
with his peculiar tact and talent shall appear to undertake this 
work. Although of extremely feeble health, there is not probably 
any other person in the State, who can readily perform so much — 
none so well versed in its history, and who has like him traced 
from the root upwards, the rise and progress of government in the 
land of the Pilgrims, and the origin and spread of every considera- 
ble family name in New England." 

And in his message of June, 183$, Governor Hill thus speaks : 
"In my last annual communication to the Legislature, the progress 
made in the examination and arrangement of our public archives, 
by John Farmer, Esq., was mentioned. Since that time, with a 
method and perseverance deserving high praise, Mr. Farmer has 
prosecuted his labors, until the appropriation then made has been 
exhausted, and a small additional expense incurred. Twenty-three 
volumes have been bound in a neat and substantial manner. 
Among these volumes, is one containing the Associated Test 
Returns, which has the original signatures of S,199 citizens of this 
State, above the age of twenty-one years, who 'solemnly engaged 
and promised that they would to the utmost of their power, at the 
risk of their lives and fortunes, with arms, oppose the hostile pro- 
ceedings of the British fleets and armies against the United 



io Memoir of [Jan. 

American Colonics.' This pledge, it should be remembered, pre- 
ceded the Declaration of Independence several months. Jt was, 
therefore, in the language of a note prefixed by Mr. Farmer, to this 
volume, 'a bold and hazardous step, in subjects, thus to resist the 
authority of one of the most powerful sovereigns in the world. 
Had the cause in which these men pledged their lives and fortunes 
failed, it would have subjected every individual who signed it, to 
the pains and penalties of treason ; to a cruel and ignominious 
death.' In my opinion, the cost to the State of this enterprise, by 
the man of all others best qualified for such an undertaking, bears 
no comparison to its importance : it is hoped the Legislature will 
direct Mr. Farmer to persevere until he completes the work. Let 
every fragment of our history be preserved; let us suffer nothing 
to be lost." 

The Legislature wisely responded to the suggestions of the 
Governor. Mr. Farmer was continued in lhc work ; and his life 
was prolonged until he had accomplished the most difficult portion 
of the task confided to him. 

"We know that .Mr. Farmer placed an humble estimate upon his 
labors. lie well understood the general indifference of the public 
to pursuits of this nature. The direction of the living and moving 
crowd is onward ; and he who busies himself in gathering up the 
memorials of the past, will be left behind, — himself and his labors 
too generally unrewarded and forgotten. Mr. Farmer has done 
perhaps more than any other individual in collecting and preserving 
the materials for our local history, and establishing accuracy in its 
details. He investigated faithfully, took nothing upon trust, and 
rested on reasonable conclusions only where absolute certainty 
could not be attained. Many have expressed surprise that Mr. 
Farmer could have been so indefatigable and painstaking in his 
pursuits. But the fondness for these investigations grows with 
indulgence. Success in establishing an old fact is a triumph over 
time. Facts established are the warp and woof of history ; and 
the diligent antiquary thus gives to history its main materials, 
veracity and fidelity, when enlightened philosophy steps in and 
completes the work'. 

We have already mentioned, that Mr. Farmer was one of the 
three or four gentlemen only in New Hampshire, who have been 
elected Corresponding Members of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society. He was also a Corresponding Member o( the Rhode 
Island and Maine Historical Societies, and of the American Anti- 



18-17.1 John Fanner,. M. A. 10 



; 



quarian Society. ITc was also elected in August, 1S37, a member 
of the Royal Society of Northern Antiquaries at Copenhagen. 

There was scarcely a lovelier or more prominent trait in Mr. 
Farmer's character, than the ever fresh and affectionate interest 
which he took in the intellectual improvement and moral cul- 
ture of the young. Having no family of his own to engage his 
kind and generous affections, a chief source of happiness to him 
seemed to be, to act the part of a father and teacher to all the youth 
who were about him. He encouraged lyceums and literary asso- 
ciations for mental improvement; often heard recitations in pri- 
vate ; examined compositions written at his own suggestion ; and 
directed the studies of such as applied to him. And such was his 
suavity of manners, his instructive conversation, and inexhaustible 
store of historical anecdote, that he scarcely ever failed to inspire 
his pupils and intimate acquaintances with a portion of his taste for 
literary and historical pursuits. Those who knew him respected 
him. Those who knew him intimately and were his friends, loved 
him. He was no dogmatist ; never a violent partisan, although 
decided in his opinions, on whatever subject he expressed them. 
He possessed native delicacy and refinement of character* No 
harsh expressions fell from his lips or proceeded from his pen. lie 
was nevertheless quick and sensitive to the distinctions between 
right and wrong, and steadily threw his influence into the scale of 
truth. His was a gentle spirit, seeking quiet and affection, like 
Cowper's, though without his vein of melancholy ; and, though 
instinctively shrinking from vice, he was not disposed harshly to 
visit the offender. He had zeal, but it was the zeal of a catholic 
spirit, and of kind affections — the spirit of the Christian and gen- 
tleman, which respected the feelings of others, in whatever situation 
or circumstances of life. 

All who were acquainted with ?>Tr. Farmer, will respond to the 
affectionate and just tribute, which fell from the lips of the Rev. Mr. 
Bouton, on the occasion of his funeral : " We believe our departed 
friend and fellow-citizen possessed the spirit of a Christian. Owing 
to bodily weakness and infirmities, he could not attend public wor- 
ship on the Sabbath, or be present at any public meeting. But 
we know he was a firm believer in the doctrines of Christianity ; a 
regular contributor to the support of divine worship; an intelligent 
and frequent reader of the Holy Scriptures ; and that he ever cher- 
ished and manifested the profoundcsl reverence for the institutions 
and ordinances of religion, and particularly a respect for Christian 



20 Memoir of John Farmer^ 31. A. [Jan, I 

ministers of every denomination, whose conduct became their pro- 
fession. His spirit and views were eminently catholic. He loved 
the good of every name, and cheerfully united with them in all I 
approved efforts and measures for the advancement of truth and 
righteousness. 1 ' lie annually contributed to the .Bible, Missionary, . 
and other Charitable Societies; and no man living, perhaps, felt a 
deeper interest in the success of the great enterprises of Christian 
benevolence, than did Mr. Farmer. 

His last sickness was short. Few of his friends were aware of 
his danger, till it was evident that he could not long survive. Many 
gladly offered their services to wait upon him, and watch around 
his dying-bed; but the privilege of this was reserved to a few 
early-chosen friends. He wanted to be still and tranquil. To a 
dear friend, who stood by him, to watch every motion and meet 
every wish, he expressed peace of mind, and consolation in the 
hope of eternal life through Jesus Christ. On tin 4 evening of the 
Sabbath before his decease, he desired the same friend to sing to 
him a favorite hymn, which she did. His reason remained un- 
clouded to the last, and he gently fell asleep in death, at a few 
minutes past G o'clock, on Monday morning, the 13th of August, 
1S33, in the 49th year of his age. 

Upon the plain white marble stone, marking the place where the 
mortal remains of Mr. Farmer lie, is the following inscription: 

"John Farmer, born at Chelmsford, Mass., 22 June, 1780; Died 

in this town, 13 August, 1S3S; JEt. 49 years. 

Honored as a man ; 

Distinguished as an Antiquarian and Scholar; 

Beloved as a friend ; 

And revered as a Christian Philanthropist; 

And a lover of impartial liberty ; 

His death has occasioned a void in Society, 

Which time will fail to supply ; 

And the reason and fitness of which, 

As to time and manner, and attendant circumstances, 

Eternity alone can fully unfold." 



L847.] Genealogical Memoir of the Farmer Family. 



21 



GENEALOGICAL MEMOIR OF THE FARMER FAMILY 

Remodelled auJ Prepared on n New Plan. 



BY 9 A M U E L 



D R A K E 



[As one of this nnme has very justly been styled "The Father cf Genealogy i:i New 

■j monument of Ins labors in tin's department o( 



j-.., ^.... „. ,...^ .«/.j j.. ... ■•■ 

England," and has left behind him an enduring 

leemed highly proper to commence our Genealogical Series with that of his 
1, we doubt not, with great interest, by all lovers of such subjects, 



literature, ii is define 
lamjly. Ii will In; viewed, 



lamny. it win r»e viewed, we uouoi not, wun great interest, by all lovers of such subjects, 
and more especially as the Memoir is from his own pen; that is io say, as lo foets, ii is 
entirely the same as that, which was published by the distinguished Genealogist himself; but 
the plan of it here presented, is new, ami is probably preferable loany other hitherto adopted 
Indeed there does not appear to have been any general fixed plan lor the exhibition o( Gene* 
aloeies. The following method, the result of much reflection, is now offered fov the consid- 
eration of those who may emraa-e in nrenarina Genealogical Memoirs. Ed I 



ogical Memoirs, ilu J 












Explanation of the Flan. 

As the plan laid down may not be apparent at first view, the following expla- 
nation may be deemed necessary. The Arabic numbers running through the 
whole Genealogy, are to show not only the number o( every individual 
descended from the same ancestor, but by the aid of them, the connection of 
every poison is seen at a glance, and the ancestors or descendants may be 
traced, backward or forward, with the greatest ease and. facility. One number 
set under another, or two numbers sot against the same individual, show, in all 
cases, that such individual has descendants, and the lower number indicates the 
place in the series where the descendants are to be found ; remembering that 
the Roman numerals are only employed to show the number of children 
belonging to the same particular family. For example, {[^ VIII. Oliver/ 
shows, that this person is No. IS in the regular Arabic series, anil that following 
(5 ( J), onward, his family will be found : the VIII is sufficiently obvious. The :i 
at the end of the name, denotes the individual to be of the 3rd generation from 
the first in the series, and so of all other numbers in a similar situation ; i. c.. all 
those placed like an exponent at the end of names, show the generation. All 
names of persons having descendants, are necessarily repeated, in their order, 
but are not renumbered. Thus John 3 (10) is repeated alter 18, the (10) show- 
ing his original place in the series. 

From what is said above it is thought the plan will be perfectly apparent on 
the most cursory perusal. The names of persons descended in the female line 
are printed in the ordinary Roman letter, to distinguish them from those of the 
male line, always printed is small capitals. 

Hy this system of deducing or displaying descents, any corrections or addi- 
tions may be made without disfiguring the appearance of the work, as for 
instance, (03) IV. Sarah, 4 whose family is indicated to be given at (12(J); it 
will appear that other individuals were round belonging to her family after the 
work was made up, therefore a new entry is made of her at (1G-1), and yet all 
is perfectly clear. 

Although it is highly desirable, that individuals and families should succeed 
each other in the regular order of their generations, it is not always possible to 
make a genealogical memoir so ; for it is apparent that in numerous instances, 
especially among the early families, we are obliged lo pass over individuals, not 
knowing whether they had descendants j and when a long memoir is made up it is 
often found that many so passed over, had children. These therefore cannot 
have their proper place in the memoir without great labor, requiring a now draft 
of nearly the whole work. By the plan now presented we avoid the difficulty, in 
its most objectionable feature, by placing all such at the end of the memoir 



2*2 Genealogical Memoir of [Jan. 

whenever we find them, with the same numerical references, &c, as employed 
throughout. Thus, in the following genealogy vve have several placed in this 
maimer for illustration; as for example, (110) III. Charlotte* 1 falls into tlie 
series, with her descendants at (17 1), while (83) I. Edward 5 dor.-, not fall in 
till (17(5), and so of a few others. 

In preparing this memoir the reader must remember, that the author pub- 
lished it in 1828, and hence, that the present tense often used by him, has refer- 
ence to the date of publication. We make this note to avoid loo frequent 
interpolations in brackets. Mr. Fanner hail printed in 1813, sundry Family 
Records of different branches of the family, and in 182 I, he issued an Appendix 
to it. This with the other part made about 30 pages in 18 mo. These contained 
a good deal not found in his last work. All three are here incorporated into a 
regular and continuous genealogy! The copies of the first two printed works 
which I have? used, have many manuscript additions and corrections ill the 
author's own hand. The title-page of the .Memoir runs thus: 

A GENEALOGICAL MRMOIR OF THE FAMILY BY THE NAME OF FARMER, WHO 
SETTLED AT B1LLERICA, Ms IIisgiiam. Farmer Si Buow.n, I'iumlu, lt23 

[The following Dedication is upon ihe back of ihe liile-page.] 

To Jkdidiaii Farmer, The following Memoir of our Ancestors, collected from 
various authentic sources, and with considerable enquiry and investigation, 
is offered to you as a token of fraternal regard and affection, by your affec- 
tionate brother, John Farmer. 
Concord, N. II., January 2S, 1S2S. 

MEMOIR. 

The surname of Farmer is otic of considerable antiquity, and is 
one of those names derived from occupations or professions, which, 
next to local names, or those derived from the names of places, are 
the most numerous.* It comes from the Saxon term Fcarme or 
Fcormc, which signifies food or provision, t But some think it derived 
from Finna, which signifies a place enclosed or shut m ; and some 
contend for its French etymology from the word .Ferine. 

The Farmers, so far as my researches will enable me to conjecture, 
were of Saxon origin, and, in the reign of Edward IV., King of Eng- 
land, were seated in Northamptonshire, where they remain to the 
present day. They resided at Easton-Neston about 1480. Anne, the 
daughter of Richard Farmer, Esq., of that place, married, before L545, 
William Lucy, and their son, Sir Thomas Lucy of Charlecote, knighted 
by Queen Elizabeth, in 1565, was the knight and magistrate whose 
name is associated with some of the early events of the life of 
Shakspeare. William Farmer, created Lord Leinster in 1G ( J2, the 
ancestor of the present earl of Pomfret, resided at Easlon-Neston. 
Jasper Farmer, one of this family, is said to be the ancestor of the 
Farmers in the State of Pennsylvania. 

From Northamptonshire they seem to have spread over several of 
the contiguous counties before the middle of the sixteenth century; 
being found in Leicestershire as early as 1190, in Warwickshire in 
lolo, and in Shropshire at nearly the same period. 

Sir William Dngdalc, in his Antiquities of Warwickshire, mentions 
Richard Farmer and his wife, and John their son, and Maud his wife, 

* See Camden's Remains, 4to, London, 1G03. 

f Skinner's Etymologicon Linguse Anglicaiue. Spelraan's Glossarium Archacologicum. 






1847. 



the Farmer Family. 



23 












to whom, and the heirs male of the said John, the place or parish of 
Merston-JSotcler in that county, was granted by the King's Letters 

Patent, dated ^November 23, 1545. He also names Itev. Thomas 
Farmer, minister of the parish of Austrey in 1512, and ttev. John 
Fanner, incumbent of the church in Baginglon, 1552, and [lev. Rich- 
ard, of the parish of Ashowc. 

K. Fanner, Esq, of Kennington Common, near London, informs 
me,* that his ancestors as far back as lu.' had been able to liacc them, 
belonged to Oldbury, near Bridgenorth, in Shropshire, and that their 
names were Edward. Thomas Farmer, Esq., one of the Managers of 
the British and Foreign Bible Society, is of this family. Rev. Hugh 
Farmer, the learned author of the Dissertation on Miracles, and other 
theological works, was of Shropshire, and was horn at a place called 
Isle Gate, belonging to a small hamlet almost surrounded by the river 
Severn, a few miles from Shrewsbury. I 

The branch of the family traced in the following pages was formerly 
seated in Leicestershire, on the borders of Warwickshire; and, about 
lo'OO, were living in the village of Ratcliffe-Cuiley, near Willierly. Of 
those who resided there at that period, I am unable to speak with any 
degree of certainty, having the advantage of no records, or family 
memorials. The late Rev. Richard Farmer, 1). 1)., of Cambridge, 
England, made some collections of a genealogical nature, and from 
these it would seem, that the most remote ancestor, whom he had 
traced, was Edward, who is mentioned by Anthony Wood in his 
Athena) Oxonienscs, and in his Fasti Oxonienses, as being the Chancel- 
lor of the Cathedral church in Salisbury, in 1031 ; which oflicc lie 
sustained until his death in 1533. 

John Farmer is the next ancestor of whom I have any account, 
and of whom I have nothing more than the fact found among Rev. Dr. 
Farmer's MSS;, that he was living at Ansley in Warwickshire in 1001. 
Between him and Edward of Salisbury, there were probably two or 
three generations, whose names cannot be given with much confidence, 
although it is presumed from Guillim's Heraldry, that the name of one 
was Bartholomew. 

There has been a considerable number of the name in England, 
and several of them of the Warwickshire branch of the family, who 
have been employed in public life, or have been known by their writ- 
ings. The following list of them has been collected from various 
sources : 

Anthony, who was appointed in 1087, by James II., President of 
Magdalen College ; but, being a papist, and there being other objec- 
tions against his character, he was superseded by Bishop Barker. % 

Edward. "In the year 1529, in the beginning of February, 
Edward Lee became Chancellor of the church of Salisbury by the 
resignation of Thomas Winter, and was succeeded in that dignity by 
Edward Farmer, in December, 1531."$ 

George, Esq., who was Prothonolary oi' the Court of Common Fleas 
in ICC3.II 






* MS. Letter. See Appendix, 
t Dodsotl's Memoirs. 
} Wood's Atheiise Oxon. ii. CIS, 
Hume. — Goldsmith, &c. 
$ Wood's Athente Oxonienses. 
|! Guillim's Heraldry, 310. 



■Burnei's Own Times, ii. 099. — Salmon's Geoy. Grain. 



21 Genealogical Memoir of [Jan. 

IIatton, who was Major of Prince Charles' regiment, ami was killed 
by Culham Bridge, near Abingdon, Jan. 1 1, 1645.* 

Hugh, already mentioned, who was born 1711, died 17S7, a. 73. 
Memoirs of his Life and Writings were published in 1605, by Michael 
Dodson, Esq.; London, in an octavo volume of 1G0 pages. 

Jacop,, who published a " True Relation of the State of Ireland," 
London, 1012, octavo. 

James, who was minister of Leirc, in Leicestershire, and was ejected 
in IGGO.t 

John, who was a madrigaller, and who published a work noticed by 
Dr. Kccs, issued in 1591, London, octavo. 

John, Esq., who was Governor of the island of Barbadoes.+ 

John, who was a clergyman, and published twenty sermons. Lon- 
don, 1711, octavo. 

John, who published the " History of the Town and Abbey of 
Waltham in Essex, England." London, 1735, octavo. 

John, who was a surgeon, and published " Select Cases in Surgery, 
collected in St. Bartholomew's Hospital." 1757, in quarto. 

Piiiscilla, whose Life was published in 1790, by her grand-son. 
Charles Lloyd.* 

Richard, who was a Baptist minister, and who is noticed by Neal in 
his History of the Puritans. 

Hichard, who published a sermon on Luke xxi: 31. London, 1029, 
quarto. 

Richard, D. D., who published " An Essay on the Learning of 
Shakspearc." London, 17GG. 

Ralph, who was minister of St. Nicholas in Somersetshire, and was 
ejected in 1GG0. He published the "Mysteries of Godliness and 
Ungodliness, discovered from the writings of the Quakers." London, 
1055, quarto. II 

S , Esq., who was a member of Parliament, 1813.^ 

Thomas, who was born August 20, 1771, nephew of Dr. Richard, 
Rector of Aspley- Guise in Bedfordshire. 

Thomas, who was a printer, and published a work called "Plain 
Truth, &c." London, 1703, quarto. 

William, who wrote an Almanac for Ireland, printed at Dublin. 
1587, supposed to have been the first printed in that country.** 

William, of Magdalen College, who was a Baronet, and was created 
Master of Arts in 1007.11 

[Thus far we have but the links of a broken chain, which must 
necessarily be the results usually of attempts of this nature. What 
follows is without any lost link between those named and a common 
ancestor.] — 

(1) John, 1 of Ansley, who m. Isabella Barbage of Great Packington, 
in Warwickshire, is the first ancestor of whom I have 
the means of giving any account, supported by original 
documents and family memorials in my possession. 
Ansley, the place of his residence, is a small village in 
the northerly part of the county of Warwick, situated 

* Guillim's Heraldry. 1SG. || Calamy, ii G09. 

f Calamy, Ejected Ministers, ii. 437. ■[ London Magazine, xli. 2C8. 

t Douglass' Summary, i. 135. ** Watt's Bibliolheca Brilannica. 

^ See Monthly Review. I \ Wood's Athena: Oxonicnsea. 



1847.1 



the Fanner Family. 



i 









about ten miles from the city of Coventry, four from 
Athcrstone, which borders on Leicestershire, and five from 
Nuneaton, a considerable market town, und has a popu- 
lation of oil. In this place, and near Ansley Hall* 
the seat of the Ludfords, he owned houses and lands, 
which passed to his posterity through several genera- 
tions, and may still be owned by his descendants. Of 
his family I have procured some facts, which will 
be given, lie died before the year 1GG9, and Isabella, 
his widow, came with some of her children to New Eng- 
land, a few years after this period, and m. Elder Thom- 
as Wiswall of Cambridge Village, now Newton, who d. 
Dec. G, 1063. She d. at Billerica, May 21, 1 08 6, at an 
advanced age. 

The children of this John Farmer were, 

(2) I. John 2 of Ansley, who had the paternal estate. He d. before 
(9) 1700, and his widow m. Richard Lucas of Ansley. 

(3) II. Mary,- whom. William Pollard of the city of Coventry, and d. 

before 1701. Their eldest son, Thomas, came to New 
England, m. Sarah Farmer, his cousin, settled in 
Billerica, d. April 4, 1724, leaving 10 sons. 
(I) III. Edward,- who was b. about 10 3 0, (probably the second son,) 



(10) 



Mary 



who was b. about 101 1. 



New England between 1070 and 1073,1 



He came to 
fixed his resi- 
dence at Billerica, and was admitted to town rights and 
privileges in that place, Jan. 11, 1073. lie afterwards 
lived a year or two at Woburn, and one of his children 
was born there. In Billerica he was chosen to several of 
the most important town offices, and was employed in 
public service, until he was quite advanced in life. lie 
had 5 children, 4 sons and 4 daughters. To his young- 
est son, Oliver, he gave the farm on which he resided, 
which is still in possession of one of his descendants. 
On this farm have resided successive generations, in 
the space of 154 years. He died at Billerica, May 
27,1727, a. about 67. Mary his wife d. March 20, 1710, 
a. 77. The male descendants of Edward Farmer, of the 
patronymic name, have nearly all been agriculturists, 
and no one among them has attained any considerable 
civil or literary distinction. In the female line of descent 
there have been several of liberal education, and others 
who have been honored with civil office. 

The house of Edward Farmer, (which stood until 
after 1728,) was fortified as a garrison for a number of 
years. While occupied as such, the following incident 



wl 



* At this place is the Hermitage, in 
Thomas Warton, D. D., beginning with, 

" Beneath tin* stony roof reclined, 
1 soothe to peace my pensive 



ich is the well known inscription written by 



ilthough 



26 Genealogical Memoir of [Jan. 

occurred, which lias been handed down by tradition in 
the family. During the Ten Years' Indian War, and 
probably about the year 109:3, when the first depredations 
were committed in the town of Billerica, the Indians 
meditated an attack on this garrison. For some days 
they had been lurking in the neighborhood of it without 
being discovered. Early in the forenoon of a summer's 
day, the wife and daughter of Edward Farmer went into 
the field to gather peas or beans for dinner, being 
attended by several of her sons, who were young lads, 
as a guard to protect them. They had been out but a 
short time before Mrs. Farmer discovered that a number 
of Indians were concealed behind the fences, and so 
near that she could almost reach them. Had she given 
any alarm, they would probably have rushed from their 
lurking-places, seized the party and fled ; although their 
object was to get possession of the garrison, which 
offered more plunder and a greater number of captives. 
But with admirable presence of mind, and without 
making known the discovery she had made, to her sons, 
who might, with more temerity than prudence, have 
attacked the Indians, she said, in a loud tone of voice, 
" Boys, guard us well to the garrison, and then you may 
come back and hunt Indians." The Indians, supposing 
they were not discovered, remained in their hiding- 
places, while the other party soon left the field for the 
garrison, which they reached in safety. Then the alarm 
was given, the people collected, and the Indians fled 
with precipitation. After the return of peace, the Indians 
declared, that had it not been for that " one white squaw," 
they should have effected their purpose. 

(5) IV. Isabella, 2 who came to New England. 

(G) V. Elizabeth, 2 who m. a Mr. White, and visited New 

England ab. 168J. 

(7) VI. Thomas, 2 who came to New England, and was living in 

Billerica in 1G75 and 1684. He afterwards returned to 
England, or removed elsewhere. 

(8) VII. Ann. 2 

(9) VIII. , who m. John Hall, of Warwickshire. 

John 2 (2) of Ansley had, 

(10) I. John, 3 b. , who m. Sarah Daws of Tamworth, and lived 

(18) at Nuneaton, England. 
'Edward 2 (4) had by his wife Mary, 

(11) I. Sarah, 3 who was b. ab. 1GG9, and m. Thomas Pollard, Nov., 

(19) 1G92, who was son of William Pollard of Coventry, Eng- 
land, and had issue 10 sons and 5 daughters. Thomas 
Pollard d. at Billerica, Ms. April 4, 1724. She d. May 
3, 1725. 

(12) II. John, 3 who was b. Aug. 19, 1671, and m. Abigail . He 

(34) resided in Billerica, where he d. Sept. 9, 173G, a. G5. 

She d. at Tewksbury, Ms., March 20, 1751, a. 75. 

(13) III. Edward, 3 who was b. March 22, 1674, and m. Mary, dan. 
(42) of Thomas Richardson, who was b. Feb. 17, 1G73, d. May 






1S47.1 the Farmer Family. '44 






15, 174 0, a. 73. He lived in Billerica, where ho d. Doc. 
17, 1762, a. 78. 

(14) IV. Mary, 3 who was b. Nov. 3, 1075, and m. Dean, and 

had a number of children. 

(15) V. Barbary^ who was b. at Woburn, Jan. 20, 1077, and d. at 
Billerica, Feb. 1, 1081, a. 4 years. 

(10) VI. Elizabeth, 3 who was b. May 17, 1080, and m. William 
(45) Green of Maiden, May 20, 1707. She d. .Dec. 20, 1701, 

a. 82. He d. May 19, 1701, a. 87, both at Reading, -Ms. 

(17) VII. Thomas," who was b. June 8, 1 083, and m. Sarah Hunt. 
(50) They both d. at Ilollis, N. II, about 1707, a. ab. 84 

years each, and were both buried in the same grave. 

(18) VIII. Oliver, 3 who was b. Feb. 2, 1686, and m. Abigail, dau. of 
(59) Ebenezer Johnson of Woburn, where she was b., June 

13, 1697. Her father was son of Hon. William Johnson, 
for many years Representative to the General Court from 
Woburn; elected in 1081, an Assistant underthe old col- 
ony charter of Massachusetts, and who d. May 22, 1704. 
William was son of Capt. Edward Johnson, the author of 
the well known History of New England, printed at Lon- 
don, 1051, in small quarto, commonly called " Wonder- 
working Providence." He came in 1030, from Heme Hill, 
a parish in Kent, in England, and settled at Woburn, Ms., 
which he represented in the General Court twenty-eight, 
years in succession, from 1013 to 1071, except in the year 
1048, and was once Speaker of the House of Representa- 
tives, lied. April 23, 1072, leaving 5 sons and 2 daughters. 
Oliver Farmer, from whom we have digressed, 
resided on the paternal farm in Billerica, where he d., 
Feb. 23, 1761, a. 75. His widow m. 2ndly, Capt. James 
Lane, of Bedford, Ms., and d. there, Feb. 25, 1773, a. 75. 
John, 5 (10) who m. Sarah Daws, had 

(19) I. Richard, 4 who was bapt. Sept. 15, 1098, and m. Hannah 
(69) Knibb of Brinklow, Jan. 4, 1733. 
Sarah, 8 (11) who m. Thomas Pollard, had, 



(20) I. 


Mary, 




(29) X. Sarah 2nd, 




(21) II. 


Edward, 




(30) XI. Nathaniel, 




(22) III. 


Barbary, 




(31) XII. James, 




(23) IV. 


Thomas, 




(32) XIII. Walter, 




(24) V. 


William, 




(33) XIV Elizabeth, 




(25) VI. 


John, 




(34) XV. Benjamin, 




(26) VII. 


Sarah, 




(nearly all of whom 


married and 


(27) VIII 

(28) IX. 


. Joseph, 




had families.) 




Oliver, 








John, 3 (12 


) who m. Ab 


gail — 


-, had, 




(35) I. 


Dorothy, 4 




(39) V. Richard, 4 




(36) II. 


Barbary, 4 




(10) VI. Edward, 4 




(37) HI. 


John, 4 




(41) VII. Jacob, 4 




(38) IV. 


Daniel, 4 




(12) VIII. William. 4 




Edward, 8 


(13) who m. 


Mary Richardson, had, 




(43) I. 


Mary, 4 








(44) II. 


Andrew, 4 b 


March 


27, 1709. 




(45) III 


Elizabeth. 


4 







23 


Genealogical JL molt of 


[.Jaiij 


Eli z abe 


rn, 3 (10) who m. William Green of Maiden, had, 




(40) 1. 


Elizabeth/ (19) IV. William 2nd/ 




(47) II. 


Eunice, 4 . (50) V. Nathan. 4 




(48) III. 


William/ 




Thomas, 3 


(17) who ra. Sarah Hunt, had, 




(51) L 


Thomas, 4 (50) \ r I. Elizabeth, 4 




(52) II. 


Joseph, 4 (57) VII. Joshua, 4 


{ 


(53) III. 


Joseph 2nd, 1 (5b) VIII. Samuel/ 




(54) IV. 


Susanna,' (59) IX. Benjamin. 4 





(C)G) V. Josiah, 4 

Oliver, 3 (18) who m. Abigail Johnson, bad, 

(GO) I. Abigail/ b. Dec. 22, 1717, d. Jan. 11, 1718. 

(01) II. Abigail 2nd, 4 b. Jan. 14, 1719, ni. Jonathan Richardson of 

(112) Billerica, Feb. 14, 1710. He was b. Feb. 7, 1710, d. 

March 11, 1701, a. 75. She d. Jan. 13, 1790, a. 71. They 

had G children. 
(G2) III. Mary, 4 b. Aug. 20, 1721, m. William Baldwin of Billerica, 
(118) Sept. 23, 1711. He was b. Sept. 15, 1710, d. Dec. 21, 

17G2, a 52. Shed. Sept. 25, 1803, a. 72. They had 8 

children. 
(03) IV. Sarah/ b. Dec. 14, 1723, m. Edward Jewett of Rowley, 
(120) 1711, d. at Berlin, Ms., Dec. 8, 1819, a. 90. He was b. 

An?. 11, 1714, d. Dec. 20, 1790, a. 77. They had 10 

children. 
(64) V. Betty/ b. May 31, 1720, m. Zebadiab Rogers of Billerica, 
(131) April 11, 1751, d. Sept. 17, 1805, a. 80. "lie was b. Feb. 

23, 1721, d. June 25, 1803, a. 82. They had 7 children. 
(05) VI. Rebecca/ (a twin) b, May 31, 1720, ra. Samuel Rogers of 
(141) Billerica, April IS, 1751, d. Aug. 30, 1809. He was 

brother of Zebadiah just named, and was b. Feb. 2, 1723, 

d. April 21, 1788, a. 00. They had 7 children. 
(00) VII. Oliver/ b. July 31, 1728, m. Rachel, dau. of John Shed of 
(70) Pepperell, Ms, April 5, 1757. She was b. Jan. 29, 

1733, d. Sept. 23, 1704, a. 31. He m. 2dly, July 3, 17GG, 

Hannah, dau. of Jeremiah Abbot, b. Oct. 10, 1735, d. Sept. 

13, 1819, a. 64. He d. on the paternal farm, Feb. 24, 

1814, a. B6. 

(07) VIII. Isabella/ b. March 2, 1731, m. Benjamin Warren of 
(148) Chelmsford, Jan. 10, 1751, d. Dec. 20, 1793, a. G3. He 

d. at l'lollis, N. II, Aug. 20, 1800, a. 71. They had 
children. 

(08) IX. Edward/ Esq., b. Feb. 24, 1734, m. Sarah, dan. of Samuel 
(82) Brown, d. Aug. 4, 1804, a. 70. She was b. Feb. 20, 1736, 

d. Aug. 19, 1811, a. 75. 

The following obituary notice of this gentleman 
appeared in the Boston Repertory of Aug. 10, 1604. 
" Died at Billerica, on the 4th inst, in the 71st year of 
his age, Edward Farmer, Esq., who many years repre- 
sented that town in the General Court. He ever com- 
batted the enemies to the Raws and Constitution of his 
Country, both foreign and domestic. He was a firm 
patriot in our Revolutionary war, and commanded a party 
of militia at the capture of Burgoyne, and cheerful- 



184: 



l he Fanner Family. 



29 



' 






ly obeyed the call of Government, in the insurrection 
of 176G. On the Oth his body was carried to the meeting- 
house, preceded by a volunteer company compb tely 
uniformed, and followed by a lorlg train of the citizens 
of Billerica and the towns adjacent. Appropriate hymns 
were sung, a suitable lesson was read from the scrip- 
tures, and after a well adapted prayer by the Rev. Dr. 
Cumings, his remains, as attended above, were escorted 
lo the mansions o( the dead, and deposited with his 
fathers, with military honors, lie left a numerous family 
to bemoan his loss." 
(CO) X. John,- 1 Lieut., b. Dec. 7, 17:17, m. 1st, June 5, 17G4, Hannah 
(67) Davis, b. Sept. 7, 1711; 2ndly, widow Sarah Adams, 

originally Kussell, b. Jan. IS, 1751. Ilis first wife d. Feb. 
12, 1787, a. 45. He d. at Billerica, Jan. ( J, 1S0G, in his 
70th year. 
Richard, 4 (19) who m. Hannah Knibb, had, 

(70) I. Richard, 5 Master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, b. May 
4, 1735, d. Sept. 6, 1797, a. 02. 

(71) II. John, 3 in holy orders. 

(72) HI. Thomas, 5 b. May 10, 1711, d. at Leicester, England, 1621, 
a. 80. 

(73) IV. Joseth, 5 of Leicester, a Lieut. Colonel. 
(71) V. Hannah, 5 

(75) VI. Sarah, 5 

(76) VII. Mary, 5 who m. Rev. and Hon. Richard Byron, at one time 
heir apparent to the baronial honors of the Byron family 

Oliver, 4 (GG) who m. 1st, Rachel Shed, had, 

(77) I. Rachel, 5 b. April 29, 1758, m. Nicholas French, Sept. 23, 
(95) 1770. He d. at Merrimack, July 21, 1823, a. 73 

(78) II. Oliver, 5 b. June 12, 17G0, m. Hannah Sprague, Nov. 30, 
(101) 178G. She was b. March 14, 17G4. 

(79) III. John, 5 b. Dec. 1, 17G2, m. Lydia, dau. of Josiah Richardson* of 
(107) Chelmsford, Jan. 21, 1788. She was b. Dec. 7, 17G3. 

He was a deacon, and resided in Chelmsford, (where 
all of his children were born) until Sept, ISO!], when he 
removed to Lyndeborough, N. II, where he remained 
until Nov. 18, 1S0G, at which time he removed to Merri- 
mack, and died there, Nov. 17, 1814, a. 52. By his 2nd 
wife, Hannah Abbott, he had, 

(80) IV. Hannah, 5 b. Sept. 17, 17G7, m. "William Rogers of Billerica, 
(154) (her cousin) Dec. 10, 1789. She was b. May 25, 1759. 

(81) V. Rebecca, 5 b. Nov. 29, 17GS, d. Jan. 8, 1792, a. 23. A poem 
on her death was written by Dr. Timothy Danforth of 
Billerica. 

(82) VI. Jeremiah, 5 b. April 10, 1771, m. Clarissa, dau. of Timothy 
(172) Foster, Oct. 13, 381'G. She was b. April 10, 1755. 
Edward, 4 (68) who m. Sarah Brown, had, 

* The genealogy of the Chelmsford Iliehardsons has been traced to Cnpt. Josiah R., 
living- in that place in 1G59, supposed to have hern sun of Samuel of Wohurn, who d. 
March 23, lG5s. Josiah, mentioned in the text., was b. May v . 17.11, d. April 15, 1S01, a 0<>. His 
father, Capl. Zachariah R., was b Feb , KHXj, d. March 22, l770,a. 60, Josiah. his father, was 
b. May 18, l(V,. r ), d. Oct. 17, 1711, a. lf>. The father of the last Josiah was Capl. Josiah, first 
mentioned in this note, who d. July 22, lO'Jo. 



30 



Genealogical Memoir of [Jan. j 

Elizpah I 

He m. ; 

I 



(83) I. Edward, 5 b. Dec. 1, 1700, d. Aug. 23, 1602. He m 
(176) Baldwin, March 2,3, 1784. She d. July 20, 1701. 

2ndly, Elizabeth Brown, of Concord. 

(84) II. Sarah, 5 b. March G, 1763, d. Jan. 28, 17GG. 

(85) III. Jonathan, 5 b. May 28, 1764, d. Oct. 11, 1708. 
(80) IV. Sarah, 5 b. Oct. 3, 17G7, m. Reuben Baldwin, Nov. 13 

1787. He was drowned, May 13, lb07, leaving 6 chil- 
dren. 

(87) V. Jesse, 5 b. Oct. 18, 1770, d. in Boston, Feb. 0, 1815, a. 44. 
(181) He m. Margaret Franksford, July 20, 1803. She was b. 

Aug. 2G, 1781. 
John, 4 (GO) who in. 1st, Hannah Davis, had, 

(88) I. Hannah, 5 b. Sept. 26, 1764. 

(89) II. Rebecca, 5 b. Dec. 2, 17GG, d. May 20, 1788. 

(90) III. Abigail, 5 b. Dec. 22, 17G8. 

(01) IV. Polly, 5 b. Jan. 11, 1775. 

(02) V. John, 5 b. Dec. 4, 1776, d. Sept. 1, 1778. 

(03) VI. Lucy, 5 b. Oct. 1, 1780. 

By his 2nd wife, (Mrs. Adams,) he had, 

(04) VII. John, 5 b. Dec. 11, 1791, m. Susan, dan. of Deacon Moses 

Gerrish, and resided [in 1824] in Boscawen, and was 
Lieut. Colonel of the 21st regiment of N. II. militia. 

(05) Hannah, 5 b. Dec. 15, 1701, m., and lived in Boscawen, in 1624. 
Rachel/ (77) who m. Nicholas French, had, 

(0G) I. Oliver Farmer, b. Jan. 1, 1780, d. July 25, 1803, a. 23. 

(97) II. John, 6 b. May 27, 1783. 

(08) III. Nicholas, b. Sept. 7, 1785. 

(00) IV. Rachel, 6 b. Sept. 10, 1768, d. July 14, 1792. 

(100) V. Hannah, 6 b. Aug. 4,1701. 

(101) VI. Rachel 2nd, b. June 25, 1705. 
Oliver, 5 (78) who. m. Hannah Sprague, had, 

(102) I. Oliver, 6 b. May 12, 1763. 

(103) II. AsA,°b. Dec. 13, 1703. 

(104) HI. Hannah, b. May 17, 1705. 

(105) IV. Zadock, 6 b. Oct. 28, 1796. 

(106) V. Rebecca, 6 b. March 30, 1706. 

(107) VI. Rachel, 6 b. Sept. 13, 1601. 
John, 5 (70) who m. Lydia Richardson, had, 

(10S) I. John, b. June 12, 1760, d. at Concord, N. II, where he 
had long resided, Aug. 13, 1838, a. 40. [This was 
the eminent Genealogist and Antiquary, the original 
author of this Genealogical Memoir of the family, to 
whom all New England is so deeply indebted for his 
labors.] 
(100) II. Miles, b. Jan. 16, 1701, m. Sophia II, dau. of Major 
(186) Turner Crooker, July 4, 1S10. She was of Amherst, 

N. II. 

(110) III. Charlotte, b. July 20, 1702, m. Capt. James Riddle of 
(174) Merrimack, Aug. 3, IS 15. She d. Aug. G, 1625, a. 33, 

while on a visit at Quincy for her health, and was 
interred at Bedford, N. II. 

(111) IV. Mary, b. Aug. 31, 1701. 

(112) V. Jedidiah/M). April 5, 1602. 
Aiugail,* (Gl) who m. Jonathan Richardson, had, 



1847.1 



the Farmer Family. 



31 






; 






(113) 

(114) 

115} 

116) 

117) 

(118) 



I. Abigail/ b. April 11, 1711. 

II Jonathan, 5 b. June 3, 1713, d. July 2, 1713. 

IIL Jonathan,* b. Nov. 25, 1711. 

IV. Thomas, 5 b. Sept. 3, 17 17. 

V. Oliver, 5 b. Feb. 15, 1750. 

VI. Benjamin, 5 b. March 3, 1753, (1. Feb. 23, 1773 



Mary/ (02) who m. William I3ald 



had, 



(119) L ' Sarah, 5 b. July 5, 17-12. 

(120) II 

(121) III. 

(122) IV. 

(123) V. 

(124) VI 

(125) VII 

(126) VIII 



John, 5 b. Jan. 13, 171 1. 

William, 5 b. April 12, 17 IS. 

Thomas, 5 b. Feb. 27. 1751, d. June 12, 170G. 

I\licah, 5 b. Oct. 1, 1753. 

Mary, 5 b. April 15, 175G. 

Nahum, 5 b. May 1G, 1750. 

Oliver, 5 !). Feb. 12, 17G2. 



Sarah, 4 (G3) who in. Edward Jewctt, had, 



(127) 
(128) 
(129) 
(130) 
(131) 
(132) 
(133) 



I 

II. 

III. 

IV. 

V. 

VI. 

VII. 



Edward, 5 b. Nov. 21), 1711, lived in Rindge, N. 



II. 



Sarah, 5 b. May 29, 1711, 
Oliver, 5 !). March 24, 1717. 
John, 5 b. Nov. G, 1719, d. Feb., 1602. 
Jesse, 5 b. Nov. 17, 1752. 
Abigail, 5 b. Oct. 11, 1755. 
Isabel, 5 b. Sept. 29, 1758. 

(134) VIII. Joseph, 5 b. May 10, 1761, m. Sarah Woods, sister of Rev. 
(166) Dr. Woods of Andover. He resided in Ashburnham, 

Ms. [See (101) onward.] 
Betty, 4 (64) who m. Zebadiah Rogers, had, 

(135) I. Betty, 5 b. May 1, 1752. 

(136) II. Zebadiah, 5 b. March 18, 1751. 

(137) III. John, 5 b. Oct. 15, 1756. 

(138) IV. Josiah, 5 b. April 28, 1759. 

(139) V. Lucy, 5 b. April 21, 1761. 

(140) VI. Sybil, 5 b. Nov. 4, 1703, d. Nov. 15, 1770. 

(141) VII. Micajah, 5 b. Nov. 15, 1770. 



Rebecca, 4 (G5) who m. Samuel Rogers, had 

(142) I 

(143) II. 



Rebecca, 5 b. Feb. 11, 1752. 

Samuel, 5 b. March 5, 1751, died in Virginia, in the service 
of the TJ. States, Oct. 18, 1781. 

(144) III. Abigail, 5 b. July 31, 175G. 

(145) IV. William, 5 b. May 25, 1759. 

(146) V. Thomas, 5 b. Aug. 12, 17G2, d. May 1, 1801. a. 41. 

(147) VI. Rachel, 5 b. May 23, 17G5, m. Samuel Whiting, Esq 
(193) 22, 1789. 

(148) VII. Ezra, 5 b. May 9, 17G8. 
Isabella, 4 (G7) who m. Benjamin Warren, had, 



Jan. 



I 
II. 

III. 
IV. 
V. 
VI 



Isabella, 5 !). Oct. 15, 1751 
Benjamin, 5 b. March 12, 17 
Tah*itha, 5 b. Jan. 2, 17G3. 
Abigail, 5 b. May 16, 17G5. 
Sarah, 4 b. Sept! 28, 1707. 
Rebecca, 5 I). Feb. 11, 1773. 



(149) 

(150) 
(151) 

152) 

153) 
(154) 

Hannah, 5 (80) who m. William Rogers of Billerica, had 
(155) 
(15G) 



I. 
II 



William, h. Dec. 23, 1790. 
Jeremiah, b. Oct. 26, 17 92. 



uenealogical Memoir of 



[Jan. 



Calvin, 6 b. Aug. 30, 1701. 
Hannah, 8 b. May 11, 1790. 
Charles 8 b. May 25, 1798, d. May 28, 1799. 
Rebecca, b. May 18, 1800. 
Sukey, 8 b. April 1, 1802. 
Harriet* 8 b. April 17, 1805. 
Louisa, 6 b. Aug. 23, 1808. 
Elvira, 8 b. Aug. 0, 1810. 
Sarah, 4 (G3) — [ In giving her children at (120) the following children 
were accidentally omitted.] 

(165) IX. Rachel, 5 b. Jan. 8, 17G5, d. Feb., 1766. 

(166) X. Josiah, 8 b. April, 170,7, d. Sept., 177-3. 
Joseph Jewett, 5 (131) son of Sarah (03) by Edward Jewctt, had, 



(157) 


TIT. 


(158) 


IV. 


(159) 


V. 


(100) 


Vf. 


(101) 


VII 


(162) 


VIII 


(103) 


IX. 


Oct) 


x. 



(107) I. 



(168) 
(169) 

(170) 
(171) 
(1.72) 
Jeremiah, 5 
(173) I. 
(171) IT. 



II. 

TH. 

IV. 

V. 

VI. 



Ivers, of Ashbiirnham, now | 1^-23] Major General of the 

0th division of the Massachusetts militia. 
Joseph, of Baltimore, Md. 
Milton, who died in IS 17. 
Tolly G.,° wife of Rev. Otis C. Whiton. 
Merrick A., 6 grad. Dart. Coll. in lb23. 
Sarah Farmer, m. Aaron Ilobart of Boston 
(S2) who m. Clarissa Foster, had, 
Sarah Clarissa, b. Feb. 27, 1818. 
Timothy Foster, 6 b. Auff. 10, 1S24. 



Charlotte, 6 (110) who m. Capt. James Riddle, had, 
(175) I. Charlotte Margaret, 7 b. Feb. 20, 1-17. 
(170) T.T Mrtrv Ann T.inrnln 7 h 



20, 1-17. 
1 821 



Edward, 5 (83) who m. 1st, Rizpah Baldwin, had, 



(177) I. John, b. July 27, 178G, d. March 0, 1S03, a. 22 
and promising young man. 

By his 2nd wife, Elizabeth Brown, he had 
(175) IT. Elizabeth, b. June 20, 179-. 

(179) III. Edward, b. Sept. 26, 1795. 
(ISO) IV. Rizpaii, 6 twin with Edward. 

(181) V. Jacob B., 6 b. Oct. 30, 1601. 
Jesse, 5 (87) who m. Margaret Franksford, had, 

(182) I. Margaret, b. Nov. 11, 1804. 

(183) II. Harriet, b. Feb. 17, 1800. 

(184) III. Henry, b. Aug. 17, 1807. 

(185) IV. Jesse, b. Nov. 9, 1809. 

(180) V. William, b. Aug. 11, 1611. 

(.187) VI. George Washington, b. Sept. 25, 1812. 
(188) Y1L Catharine Smith, b. Jan. 13, 1814. 
Miles, (109) who m. Sophia Crooker, had, 



a worthy 



Charles Augustus, 7 b. July 9, 1S17, d. June 4, 
Sarah, 7 b. at Salem, Sept. 22, 1620. 
Mary Jane, 7 b. at Dover, Ms. Jan. 20, 1S23. 
Caroline Valentine, 7 b. at Dover, Feb. 4, 18:' 
Charlotte Riddle, 7 b. at Boston. 



(189) I. 

(190) II. 

(191) III. 

(192) IV. 

(193) V. 
Rachel, 5 (147) who m. Samuel Whiting, Esq., had, 



1818. 



(19-1) 

(195) 
(190) 
(197) 
(193) 



I. 
II. 
III. 
IV. 

V. 



Harriet, b. Oct. 20, 1769. 

Ann,°b. Oct. 20, 17—. 

Catherine, twin with Ann. 

Augustus, b. March 2, 1795, grad. II. C. 1810, 

Mary Ann, b. May 25, 1800. 



'■■ 






1817.] the Farmer Family. 33 

APPENDIX. 

Extracts of Letters from Rev. Thomas Farmer, Rector of Asp/cy- Guise, 
in Bedfordshire, England, to John Fanner of Concord, N. 11. Dated 
July, 1822. 

Dear Sir, — Having lately been to visit my relations at Leicester, 
my native place, I saw for the first time a letter from you, desiring an 
account of your Genealogy; and, being satisfied of our consanguinity, 
you will allow me to hope that you may cross the Atlantic, and visit 
this village, of which I am the Rector, and which is situated but little 
more than 40 miles from London, and near the Duke of Bedford's 
magnificent Park and Palace. 

I am possessed of the papers which formerly belonged to my uncle, 
Dr. Richard Farmer, who certainly was a most ingenious and classical 
scholar, and perhaps the best annotator on England's immortal bard. 
You may know that he was Master of Emmanuel College in the 
University of Cambridge. There I was educated, and there I saw 
him die, after a very long protracted illness, on the 6th of September, 
1797. The loose papers, from which I shall send you extracts, are 
in Dr. Farmer's hand-writing. 

My father, Thomas Farmer, is now at Leicester, and is the only 
male issue of his generation, lie was born on the 10th of May, 1711. 
I was born on the 21st of August, 1771, and am the only issue left, 
and I am in possession of land in the vicinity of Nuneaton, sharing it 
equally with Mr. Arnold of Ashley, no great distance from Daventry, 
in the County of Northampton. 

Of the present owner of Ancely, or Astly, I know nothing; but in 
the old papers, I find John Farmer of Ancely, in the County of War- 
wick, passes a time, Sept. 1st, 1 GO 1, and that a John Farmer, in 1CG3, 
[1033?] contracts marriage with Isabel Barbage of Great Packington, 
in the County of Warwick, and that Isabel, in after marriage articles, is 
stiled "now of New England;" that John Fanner of Nuneaton married 
Sarah Daws of Tarn worth, and settles the estate at Ancely upon her. 
Richard F., son of John and Sarah, was baptized at Nuneaton, 
Sept. 15, 1003, and married Hannah Knibb of Rrinklow, in the County of 
Warwick, Jan. 4, 1732-3. Their eldest son, Richard, born May 4, 1735, 
was the person whom you have rightly named of such extensive 
literary fame and acquirements. 

I shall seal this with the seal* which Dr. Farmer wore and used, 
and the Arms I read, " lie beareth Sable, Chevron between three 
Lamps Argent, with Fire Proper, by the name of Farmer." This 
coat was assigned to George Farmer, Esq., 1003, second son of 
Bartholomew Farmer, Gent.t of Iladclilfe, near Atherstone, Warwick- 
shire. The patent was to alter the Chevron of the family, though it 
mentions not what anciently were the Arms of the family." 

From the saync to the same, dated Asphy- Guise, Dec. 1, 1823. 

Sir, — The family of Farmers from which we arc descended, were 
living about the year of our Lord, 1500, at a village called Ratcliffe- 

* The impression of this seal is deposited in the cabinet of the American Antiquarian 
Society, at Worcester. 

t Bartholomew was the son of John Farmer of Leicester, and grandson of Bartholomew 
of the same place, as appears by the [Herald's] visitation of that county in 1019. 



34 Memoirs of Graduates [Jan. 

Cnilcy, which is in Leicestershire, and adjoining the Counties of 
Warwick and Stafford. One of thein was n Jud^e in the Court of 
Common Pleas, and you observe by the scrap enclosed, another of 
them, Chancellor of the Cathedral Church of Salisbury, which scrap 
is the hand-writing of the author on the learning of Shakspeare. Most 
of them are buried in a vault belonging to the family, in the church of 
Witherly, (near Ratcliffe) in the County of Leicester. My grand- 
father's name was Richard, who married a Miss Knibb, and their family 
consisted of Richard) [b. May -1, 1735,] the annotator on our immortal 
bard, Prebendary of Canterbury, then a Cauon Residentiary of St. 
Paul's, London, the Master of Emmanuel College in Cambridge, and 
principal Librarian of that University; Juh/i, in holy Orders; Thomas, 
my father, [b. May 10, 1744,] Avho married the 3rd dau. of John 
Andrew, Esq., of Harlestone-Park in the County of Northampton; 
Joseph, Lieut. Col. of the Royal Leicester volunteers ; Hannah, unmar- 
ried ; Sarah married Allen Brown, Esq., of Cosby, near Leicester, and 
afterwards Richard Jervis, a surgeon of Latterworth ; Mary married 
fin 1708,1 the Hon. Richard Byron, [b. Oct. 28, 1724,] brother of the late 
Lord [William] Byron." 



MEMOIRS OF GRADUATES OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 

Commencing: with llie year 1G70. 
BY THE LATE JOHN FARMER, ESQ. 



Note. The year they were graduated is prefixed to the name of each person, in the several 

Memoirs. 



NATHANIEL HIGGINSON. 

1670. Nathaniel Higginson, son of Rev. John Iligginson, 
pastor of the first church in Salem, was born at Guilford, Ct., 
Oct. 11, 1652. After receiving his second degree in 1673, he 
made preparation to go to England, where an uncle of his had 
been settled as a clergyman, and where he had a number of rela- 
tions, lie went thither the following year, and was soon intro- 
duced to Lord Wharton, with whom he remained about seven 
years, in the capacity of steward and tutor to his children. He -was 
employed in the mint of the Tower in 1681, and went in 1683 in 
the East India Company's service to Fort St. George in the East 
Indies ; was a member and secretary of the council, and afterwards 
governor of the factory at said fort. He married Elizabeth 
Richards, 1692; returned to England with his wife and four chil- 
dren in 1700, and established himself as a merchant in London, 
and did considerable business with his New England friends. 

In 1706, we find his name, with 19 others, signed to a petition 
full of invective against Joseph Dudley, then Governor of Massa- 
chusetts, and praying for his removal, which was presented and 
read to Queen Anne in council. Gov. Dudley, in his answer to 
the charges contained in this petition, notices several of the peti- 



1317.] of Harvard College. 35 

lioncrs, and thus speaks of Mr. IT. " Mr. Higginson is a gentleman 
of good value, bom in New England, but has been absent in die 
I East Indies six and twenty years, and so may be presumed lo 
I know nothing of the country. To be sure, his lather, that has been 
I a minister in the .country near sixty years, yet living, and his 
brother, a member of her Majesty's Council, must know more, his 
brother having been always assisting the Governor, and consenting 
in Col. Dudley's justification at this time with the Council, where 
no man has dissented from the vote sent herewith." The allega- 
I tions against Gov. Dudley in this petition, were voted by the Clen- 
I erai Court, or Council and House, to be a " wicked and scandalous 
I accusation;" but some persons of note, considering the high charac- 
ter of Mr. Higginson and his good interest at court, "signified by 
their letters, that they thought the two Houses impolitic in the 
severity of their expressions, which, from being their friend, might, 
at least, cause him to become cool and indifferent." We know not 
the effect of the language of the General Court on the mind o[ Mr. 
Higginson, but we cannot suppose it alienated his affections from 
his native country. He lived but two years after, to serve the* 
interests of his friends in New England. He died in London of 
the small pox, in November, 170S, aged 56 years. He had been for 
several years a member of the Corporation for Propagating the 
Gospel among the Indians of New England. Judge Sewall says, 
he had been acquainted with him for forty years, and seems to 
have had a high opinion of his character and public services. Felt, 
Annals of Salem, 350. Hutchinson, Hist. Mass. ii. 146, 147. Gov. 
Dudley's MS. Answer to Mr. IVs petition (the original, which 
escaped, in part, the fury of the mob, when they -des troyed Gov. 
Hutchinson's house.) "'■^•MP 1 ** ' 

AMMI RUHAMAII CORLET. 

1670. Ammi Ruhamah Coiilet was son of the celebrated 
schoolmaster, Elijah Corlet, of whom an early poet sang, 

" 'Tis Corlet's pains, and Cheever's, we must own, 
That thou, New England, art not Seythia grown." 

The father was educated at Lincoln College in the University of 
Oxford, and the son had all the advantages of early preparation, 
which could be derived from so distinguished a scholar. Having 
been graduated, he appears to have followed the business of his 
father, and in 167:2 we find him at Plymouth, as the Master of the 
principal school in that place. After taking his second degree, or 
about that time, he was a Fellow of the College, in which office, it 
is presumed, he continued till his death, which occurred Eeb. 1, 
1679. 

THOMAS CLARK. 

1670. Thomas Clark, son of Jonas Clarke, of Cambridge, a 
surveyor of some note, was born, March 2, 16o3. Rev. Mr. Allen, 



30 Memoirs of Graduates [Jan. 

in his History of Chelmsford, says in relation to Mr. Clark, "We 
have neither church records, manuscript sermons, cotemporary 

notices, nor any other materials, from which a bare memento can be 
erected, excepting the following sentence in the i)th volume of the 
Hist. Coll. of Mass., page 195. ' Dorchester, 17Q4, Dec. JO. The 
death of Rev. Thomas Clark of Chelmsford was lamented in a ser- 
mon from Acts xx : 2-3, &c.' A great loss to all our towns, and 
especially to our frontier towns on that side of the country, who 
are greatly weakened with the loss of such a man." Besides the 
above extract from Mr. Allen, we find a fact in ])r. Cotton .Mather's 
" Wonders of the Invisible World," which is creditable to the char- 
acter of Mr. Clark. In the time of the witchcraft delusion, " there 
was at Chelmsford an aillictcd person, that in her fits cried out 
against a woman, a neighbor, which Mr. Clark, the minister of the 
gospel there, could not believe to be guilty of such a crime, [witch- 
craft.] And it happened while that woman milked her cow, the 
cow struck her with one horn upon the forehead and fetched blood. 
And while she was bleeding, a spectre of her likeness appeared to 
the parly afflicted, who pointing at the spectre, one struck at the 
place, and the alllicted said,. You have made her forehead bleed! 
Hereupon some went to the woman and found her forehead bloody, 
and acquainted Mr. Clark with it, who forthwith went to the woman 
and asked her, How her forehead became bloody? and she answered, 
By a blow of the cow's horn, as abovesaid ; whereby he was satis- 
fied that it was a design of Satan to render an innocent person sus- 
pected." The conduct of Mr. Clark in this decision, made at the 
time when the spectral evidence was so generally received, probably 
prevented the infatuation from extending to Chelmsford. Happy 
would it have been had all ministers and mogistrates exercised a 
like discrimination in rejecting all evidence againsl persons whose 
characters had been previously good. By the magistrates at Salem, 
the coincidence of the imaginary wound indicted on the spectre, 
and the real wound from the cow's horn on the woman, would 
have been sufficient for the condemnation of the latter. 

Mr. Clark was the minister of Chelmsford twenty-seven years, 
having been ordained, in 1677, as the successor of Rev. John Fiske. 
His labors were suddenly terminated, being seized, accord' ug to 
Judge Sewall's Diary, with a fever, on Friday the 2nd, which caused 
his death on the following Wednesday, December 7, 1704, in the 
52nd year of his age. 

Mr. Clark was twice married. The name of his first wife was 
Mary, who died Dec. 2, 1700. His second was Elizabeth, daughter 
of Rev. Samuel Whiting, whom he married, Oct. 2, 1702. His 
children, who lived to mature years, all by his first wife, were Lucy, 
who married Major John Tyng, father of Judge John Tyng, Sept. 
19, 1700. She died April 2o/l708 ; Elizabeth, who married John 
Hancock of West Cambridge ; Jonas, born Dec. 2, 1684, who resided 
on the farm, known by the name of the Cragie farm. There he 
kept a public house and ferry which have ever since borne his name. 









1847.] of Harvard College. 37 

His house was the general resort for all fashionable people. lie was 
honored with many civil and military offices ; was a very popular 
man, and esteemed as a good Christian. lie died April s, 1770, 
aged So'. Thomas, the youngest son, was born Sept. 28, 1094. 

GIJORC.r: 13 V R ROUGH. 

1670. George Burrough, or as the name is usually spelt, 
Burroughs, was, perhaps, a son of Jeremiah Burroughs, an 

inhabitant of Seituate, Ms., as early as 1047; but we have no 
certain information of his parentage or the time of his birth. 
He was admitted a member of the church in Roxbury, April 12, 
1674, and his son George was baptized in the church there, Nov. 
28, 1675. He became a preacher within a few years alter he left 
College, and, as early as 1075 or 1070, he was the minister at Cas- 
co, in Maine, and was there when that town suffered the loss of so 
many lives by an attack of the Indians. The war which soon 
followed, drove .Mr. Burroughs from Maine, and lie returned to 
Massachusetts. In November, 1630, he was employed to preach at 
Salem Village, now Salem. He continued there probably until 
16S3, when, in May, Mr. Lawson was invited to preach to the 
people. Mr. Burroughs returned to his ministry in Casco the same 
year. A work entitled "European Settlements in America," in 
speaking of Mr. Burroughs as a victim of the Salem Witchcraft, 
says, "that he was a gentleman who had formerly been minister of 
Salem; but upon some of the religious disputes which divided the 
country he differed from his flock, and left them." Mather, in his 
" Wonders of the Invisible World," countenances this idea, saying 
" he had removed from Salem Village in ill terms some years 
before." Mr. Willis, in his History of Portland, says, " The first 
notice of his return to Casco is in June, 10S3, when, at the request 
of the town, he relinquished 150 acres of land, which had been 
granted to him previous to the war. In their application to him 
for this purpose, they offered to give him 100 acres ' further off,' for 
the quantity relinquished, but Burroughs replied, 'as for the land 
already taken away, we were welcome to it, and, if 20 acres of the 
50 above expressed would pleasure us, he freely gave it to us, not 
desiring any land anywhere else, nor any thing else in considera- 
tion thereof.' " 

His disinterestedness places the character of Mr. Burroughs in an 
amiable light, which nothing can be found, during the whole 
course of his ministry at Casco, to impair. The large quantity of 
land which he relinquished was situated upon the Neck, which was 
then daily becoming more valuable, by the location of the town 
upon it. All this, excepting thirty acres, he freely returned, without 
accepting the consideration offered by the town. 

The unhappy catastrophe which terminated the life and useful- 
ness of Mr. Burroughs, has casta shade upon many facts relating to 
him which would be interesting to us to know. Wc have no means 



38 Memoirs of Graduates [Jan, 

of ascertaining whether he was regularly settled and had gathered 
a church at Cascoor not. There is, however, sufficient authority for 
asserting, that he preached to the people there a longer period than } 
any Congregational minister prior to Rev. Thomas Smith. 

" There has nothing," says Mr. Willis, "survived Mr. .Burroughs, 
either in his living or dying, that casts any reproach upon his char- 
acter; and, although he died a victim of a fanaticism, as wicked and 
stupid as any which has been countenanced in civilized society, 
and which lor a time prejudiced his memory, yet his character J 
stands redeemed in a more enlightened age from any blemish. 

Mr. Burroughs was driven from Casco by the Indians in 1090, 
and went to Wells, where he resided when he was accused of the 
crime of witchcraft. The indictment against him is given in the 
second volume of Hutchinson, lie was examined on May o, 
1.692, and committed to prison in Boston until his trial, which took 
place in August following. He was condemned on testimony, 
which nothing but the most highly wrought infatuation could for a 
moment have endured. His great strength and activity, for which 
he had been remarkable from his youth, were enlisted against him, 
as having been derived from the Prince of evil. It was in evidence, 
that he had lifted a barrel of molasses by putting his finger in the 
bunghole, and carried it round him; that he held a gun more th n 
seven feet long at arm's length with one hand, and performed other 
surprising feats above the power of humanity. Some evidence 
was also exhibited against his moral character, in relation to his treat- 
ment of his wives and children, but we can attach but very little 
credit to it considering the great perversion of truth at that time. 

He was executed August 19, 1G92, on Gallows hill, in Salem. 
At his execution, he made a most solemn, pertinent, and affecting 
prayer, which drew the remark from Cotton Mather, who was 
present, as I was informed by the late Dr. Bcntlcy, " that no man 
could have made such a prayer unless the devil helped him." He 
concluded his dying petition with the Lord's prayer, probably to 
convince some of the spectators of his innocence; for it was the 
received opinion, that a true witch or wizard could not say the 
Lord's prayer without blundering. 

The age of Mr. Burroughs is represented by Dr. Bcntley, in his 
Hist, of Salem, published in 1 Coll. Mass. Hist. Soc. vi., to have 
been about fourscore years; but that writer undoubtedly transferred 
the age of Giles Cory, who wanted only three years of being 
fourscore, to Mr. Burroughs. It can by no means be admitted, that 
Mr. B. was nearly 60 years old when he graduated, which must 
have been the case if he was 80 years old at the time he was 
executed. 

Mr. Burroughs had been three times married. The names of 
his first and second wives are not known. His last was daughter 
of Thomas I^uck, and she survived him. His children were 
George, baptized lG7o, who lived in Ipswich; Jeremiah, who was 
insane; Rebecca, who married a Tolman of Boston ; Hannah, who 



1847.] of Harvard College. 39 

married a Fox, and lived near Barton's Point in Boston; Elizabeth, 
who married Peter Thomas of Boston, the ancestor of the late 
Isaiah Thomas, LL. D., of Worcester. George and Thomas 
Burroughs of Newburyport, the former a tanner, conveyed to N. 
Winslow, in 1774, the right of George Burroughs in proprietary 
land in Falmouth. These were probably descendants of the 
minister. — Hutchinson, Hist. Mass. ii. 57-59. Felt, Annals of 
Salem. Neat's Hist. N. E. ii. 130-134, 144. Willis, Hist. Port- 
land in Coll. Maine J list. Soc. i. 144, 174-176. Upham, Lectures 
on Witchcraft. Allen, Biog. Diet. art. Burroughs. 

ISAAC FOSTER. 

1671. Isaac Foster, according to the late William Winthrop, 
Esq., was from Charlestown, and might have been brother of John 
Foster, who was graduated in 1GG7; but this is uncertain, as the 
latter was from Dorchester. [We find him to have been admitted 
freeman in 1079, about which time, he probably went to Connecti- 
cut.] Mr. Winthrop may have considered him as belonging to 
Charlestown from the circumstance of his being called to preach 
there. When a committee of the town of Charlestown was about 
selecting a successor to Rev. Thomas Shepard, in 1678, the opinions 
of Rev. John Sherman, Rev. Increase Mather, and Rev. President 
Oakes were requested as to the "fittest person" for their minister, 
and these gentlemen recommended Mr. Foster as " the fittest and 
suitablest person" for that place. While remaining at Charles- 
town he was admitted freeman, in 1679. Soon after this, he went 
to Connecticut and preached in Hartford, and, from his name being 
printed in italics, it has been inferred that he was settled there, but 
this does not clearly appear from Dr. Trumbull. 

SAMUEL PHIPPS. 

1071. Samukl Piiipps, son, it is presumed, of Solomon Phipps of 
Charlestown, who died in that town, July 25, 1(571, was born about 
the year 1649. The most of his life was passed in civil offices, 
having been Register of Deeds for the county of Middlesex, Clerk of 
the Court of Common Pleas for the same county, and representative 
for the town of Charlestown, where he resided. To the last office 
he was elected in 1692, being one of the first representatives under 
the charter of William and Mary. In 1700, he was one of the 
Commissioners of claims for receiving and examining all titles and 
claims to land in the eastern province of Maine. Mr. Phipps 
died in August, 1725, aged 76, and was buried in the tomb of his 
son-in-law Lemmon. His wife was Mary Danforth, daughter of 
Dcp. Gov. Thomas Danforth. She was born July 2S, 1650. [We 
find the name of Danforth associated with Phipps in the class of 
1781.] Thomas Phipps, who graduated in 1695, was his son. 

(To be continued.) 



40 



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[1847.] Ministers in Rockingham County. 41 

N O T E S . 

Brentwood. In Pre. 12, 1748, according to Farmer's Statistics of Sew 
Hampshire ministers, Rev. Nathaniel Trash was settled in this place. 
'•Jan. 18. 1756, this church [Hampton chinch] was sent for to install the 
I Rev. Mr. Tru.sk at Brentwood. They chose Deacons Tuck and Lane, who 
went. And the allair was completed with love and peace, decency and ^ood 
order. Mr. Odlin and FJacrg prayed. I preached, Col. iv : 17. Mr. Whipple 
gave the charge. Attest, \V. Cotton, Pastor.'' 

Over a church newly organized, Mr. Trask was installed, as stated in the 
| records of Rev. W. Cotton, Jan. 21, 1756. 

Mr. Trask retained the pastoral ollice in Brentwood, -11 years; though he 
ceased from his pulpit labors, about two years before his death, which occurred 
: Dee. 12, 1789, at the age of 67. lie married Parnel Thing, June 15, 171!) 
Their children were Elizabeth, born July 30, 1750, died in Brentwood 
' Parnel, born July 2, 1752, died Sept. 8, 1756. Nathaniel, born Sept. 8, 1754, 
| died. Sept. 5, 1756; Mary, born Sept. 1-1, 175(5. Parnel, born Aug. 27, 1759, 
died July 21, 1762. Samuel, born Sept. 10, 1762, setth-d and died in Brent- 
wood, where his son and daughter now live. Jonathan, born Dec. 12, 1764, 
settled in Mont Vernon, Me. 

From the decease of Mr. Trask, the church was without a pastor eleven years 
and a half. During that period, more than a hundred individuals were employed 
as candidates for settlement, or as supplies. Eight or ten, successively, received 
and declined invitations to settle. 

At the ordination of the Rev. Ebenezcr Flint, the church had become reduced 
to six male and thirteen female members. Mr. Flint died suddenly, Oct. 12, 
1811, aged 42, leaving a widow, who died at the aiie of 72 years. 

He studied theology with the Rev. Dr. Emmons. lie married Mary, daugh- 
ter of Deacon Kendall of Tewksbury, Ms. Two of his children were Mary K., 
who married Eberiezer Orne, and Abigail J., who married Jonathan Robinson, 
3rd. The youngest son of Mr. Flint, Ezra M., married Louisa P. llaynes of 
Charlestown, Ms., and now lives there. The eldest, Fbenezer, resides in 
Brentwood, unmarried. 

From the time of Mr. Flint's death, the church was destitute of a pastor more 
than four years. 

Rev. Chester Colton preached at Brentwood. July 21, 1S13. lie proved to be 
the Barnabas they heeded ; and the friends of religious order, being encouraged 
and strengthened; settled him. Rev. Mr. Rowland of Exeter preached the 
ordination sermon, from 1 Cor. i : 21, and Rev. Dr. Pearson of Andover, Ms., gave 
the charge. 

The people became ardently attached to Mr. Colton, and his labors were 
blessed, lie was dismissed at his own urgent request, on account of an inllam- 
mation of his eyes which forbade application to study. Mr. Colton's virion 
was, in a lew years, so far restored, by rest and medical treatment, that lie 
resumed the labors of a pastor, and was installed at Lyme, Cl., Fid). 12, 1829. 
Recently he has labored under the direction of the Connecticut Missionary So- 
ciety, in North Goshen, Ct. 

Rev. Luke Ainsworth Spofford was installed in Brentwood, and, after laboring 
about three years, ami not finding his hopes of usefulness realized, he requested 
and received a dismission. The number of church members reported, June, 
1828, was 53. Subsequently to his ministry at Brentwood, Mr. Spofford was 
installed at Lancaster, X. II., 1829 : Atkinson, N. 1!., 1832: Scituate, .Ms., 1835 ; 
Chilmark, on Martha's Vineyard, Ms., 1842 ; from which place he removed to 
Newbury, N. Y., where his family resides. Mr. Spolford, before became to 
Brentwood, had been ordained at Gilrnanton, X. II ., whore he enjoyed a suc- 
cessful ministry of six years ; but, on account of the state of his health, and the 
extent of the field, resigned June 9, 1825. For more particular notices, see 
Rev. Mr. Lancaster's History of Gilrnanton, and Notes respecting the ministers 
in Gilrnanton, in the first number of the New Hampshire Repository, Vol. I. 

After Mr. SpofTord's resignation, the people in Brentwood enjoyed the labors 
of Rev. Jonathan Ward about three and a half years. 

3 



4:2 



Congregational Churches and 



[Jan. 



Mr. Ward studied theology with Rev. Dr. Emmons, and was ordained in 
New Milfordj now Alna. Me., in 179tj ; and resigned in 1818. Although Mr. 
Ward has never been installed in New Hampshire, he has, in many respects, 
performed the services ol a pastor to some ol [he churches in a ver\ uc< eptable 
and useful manner. Mr. -Ward labored twelve \ ears, m ist ol the tunc statedly, 
in Plymouth, his native place, and the ['lace of his father's mini try, fi r mure 
than thirty-two years. 

Mr. Ward's lather, Rev. Nathan Ward, was born at Newton, Ms., April 11, 
1721, died June 15, 1804, aged >•'■>. lie married Tamasin Ireland, wlio was 
burn' Jan. 1, 1722, 0. S., and died An if. Hi, 1777. llev. Nathan Ward, who 
was hopefully com cited under the preaching ol Mr. Whitcfield, had not a col- 
legiate education, but received an honoran degree of M. A. from Dartmouth 
College.' His children, beside Jonathan tlie youngest, were Nathan, born Jan. 
!>, 1748, 0. S., died Nov. 3, 177*5 j Knoch, bom July 4, 17-111, died July 
31, 1825; Abraham, bom Feb. 9, 1751, died Dec. 0*, 1 7 7 1 » ; Mary, burn 
Sept. 18, 1752, died Dec. 6. 177(5; Abigail, hnm March 31, 17, ..' N. S., 



died Sent. 16, 1841 ; Samuel, born Am 



!6, 1750 



ed Noi 



] i -l 



J y 



Isaac, born March 16", 1758, died Feb. 27, 181*5 ; Benjamin, born Sept. 21, 

17, ,1, died ; Daniel, born Jan. 30, 17(51: Esther, bom Aug. 17. 1767, 

died Dee. 8, 177(5. The submission of the parents was painfully tested, by 
the death of live of their children, with a putrid fever, within five weeks. 
Enoch, brother of Rev. N. Ward, entered the ministry, but died young. Jle 
graduated at Harvard University, 1736. The grandfather of Rev. J. Ward 
was Joseph, whose father was John, who settled in Newton, Ms., and one of a 
large family, brought by their father, William Ward, from England, about 1646, 
who settled in Sudbury, Ms. Rev. Jonathan Waul married Philenia Gay 
Whitaker of AtUoborough. Ms.,. who was born April 6, 1776, and died, April 
25, 1825. Their children were Jonathan, bom Nov. 30, 1800, graduated at \).C. } 
1822, studied at the Theological Seminary, Andover, ordained at IVnkluford, 
Me., Oct. 26, 1825, died Feb. 8, 1826, aged 25 ; James Wilson, bum .May 21, 
1803, graduated at D. C, 1826, studied at the Theological Seminary, Andover, 
and at New Haven, ordained at Abinglon, Ms., May 31, 1834 ; Philenia, born 
Oct. 1(5, 1804, married Frederick Robinson ol Brentwood; Laura Elizabeth, 
born May 7, 1807, married Lucius M. IVidy of Sharon, Ct. 

Rev. Francis Ib/c/nvas the fourth settled minister in Brentwood. Delias 
labored since he left that place in Ipswich, Linebrook Parish, Ms. : and in 
Perry, Washington County, Me. 

Rev. Julia Guntiison, who had been previously ordained at Lyman. Me., May 
12, 1831, installed over the Union Society of Salisbury and Amesbury, Ms., 
Dec. 3'i, 1835, and at Newmarket. Lamprey River, Feb. 22, 1837, was 
installed at Brentwood. He Was, after leaving Brentwood, installed at West 
Falmouth, Me., in Jan., 1812. lie now resides at Portland, but at present 
supplies the pulpit of the first church in Westbrook. lie studied theology 
with the Rev. Charles Jenkins of Portland, Me., and entered the ministry late 
in life, lie married for his first wife, Joanna Dow of Gilmanton, and for his 
second, a woman bv the name of Starboard. 

Rev.' James BoittwcU, who was horn May II, 1814, graduated at the Theologi- 
cal Seminary, Andover, in 1840. lie was an Instructor at Dunkirk, N. V., one 
year. Mr. Boutwell lias seven brothers and one sister older, and two sisters 
younger, than himself. His paternal grandfather was of Wilmington, Ms. His 
maternal grandfather was Dr. Benjamin Jones, of Lyndeborough, a physician of 
some celebrity, whose native place was Ipswich, Ms. Mr. BoutweH's broth- 
er, William Thurston Boutwell, was several years a missionary among the 
Ojibwa Indians, in Wiskonsin. Mr. Boutwell married Mary P., daughter oi 
Dea. Pascal Abbot of Andover, Ms., April 10, 1837. Their children are Mary 
Lucelia, bom at Dunkirk, N. Y., March 8, 1S38; James Pascal, bom at Ando- 
ver, Feb. 6, 1840, died Oct. 31, 1844 ; George Clark, burn at Brentwood, Feb. 
8 ,1842 ; Charles llawley, born at Brentwood, Oct. - 2i» ; 1843; Hannah Elizabeth, 
born March 11, 1846. 

Deerfield was a part of Nottingham, from which it was separated, and incor- 
porated Jan. 8, 17<5o'. The Congregational Society was formed in Dec., 17 72. 



1847. 



Ministers in Ttockiiurham Count//. 



43 






Rev, Timothy Upham was tho first minister. His first wife, who was the 
mother bf all his children, was Hannah, daughter ol Rev. Nathaniel fioukin of 
Northampton. Her twin sister, Elizabeth, married Dr. Edmund Cliadwick 
of Dceriield, father of Peter Cimdwiek, Est}', of Eveler. The rhildren ol Rev. 
Mr. (Jpharh are (Ion. Nathaniel Unham ot Rochester; Gen. Timothy I |mam 
of Portsmouth; and Miss Hannah Hnham, the celebrated Principal ol the 
Female institute in Canandaigua, N. Y. Among the grandchildren oi Rev. 
Mr. Upham, are Rev. Thomas Cogswell Upham, I). D., Professor in Bowdoin 
College, who was previously pastor of the Congroguti mal church in R ich«'ster j 
Hon. Nathaniel Goofcin [Tpham, a Judge of the' Superior Court of N. II.: I ry, 
widow of lldii. David Barker, Jr.. and now wife oi Ebenezor Coe, Esq. : Alii I, 
M. D., of New York; Timothy, M. D.,. deceased ; Joseph Badger Upham. Mer- 
chant in Portsmouth; Judith Almira, married to James Bell, Esq.; Hannah 
Elizabeth, deceased : Ruth' Cogswell, married to John Bcrrv, M. \X\ Emueia 
William, a member of the Boston Bar; and Albert Gookiu, M. D., of Boston. 

The New England genealogy oi the Rev. Timoth) Upham is traced to John 
Upham, born in England, in fo97, who emigrated to Weymouth, New England, 
in 1635, and went thence to Maiden. He was highly esteemed for his Tpiety, 
intelligence, and energy of character ; filled vai ions eh il ollices, and wa - de; con 
of the church many years. He performed the duties oi moderator oi a town 
meeting a few months before his death, which took place Feb. 25. 1081, at the 
age of 84. 

Lieut. Phinehas Upham, son of John Upham, married Ruth Wood. 1! >. lied 
inconsequence of wounds received in the capture of Narraganset Fort, in 1''75. 
Phinehas, son of Lieut. Phinehas. married Mary Mellins. ]Iis son Phinehas 
married Tamzen Hill, whoso sou Timothy married Mary Cheever. These last 
were the parents of Rev. Timothy Upham, whose N T ew England ancestors, from 
the first, were men of influence in the church, and in the community, and were 
distinguished for in lei licence, firmness oi character, and a spirit of enterprise. 
The i'irst wife of Rev. Timothy Upham died Aug. \. 17U7, aged M. Mr. Up- 
ham died in the G3rd year of his age, and 30th of his ministry. The sermon at 
his funeral, from Heb. xiii : 8, by Rev. Peter J iolt, ascribes to Mr. Upham 
"many gifts and excellent qualifications (o<: a gospel minister." Mr, Upham's 
second wife, who was Miss Hephzibah Neal of Straiham, died Mav 11. 181 1. 
See Family History, by Albert 0. Upham, A. J/.. .!/. 1)., 184.1 

Rev. Nathaniel IVells was engaged si v icon years in mercantile busine ;.s 1 eforo 
entering the ministry, lie studied theology with Rev. Moses Uemmeuway, 
D. 1)., of Wells, Me., whose daughter he married in 175)7. After a diligent and 
useful ministry of about 30 years, he resigned his pastoral charge. Two of his 
sous are settled in the ministry, Theodore, ordained in Barrington, Juno 12, 
1845: Moses Hemmenway, ordained in Pitts field-, Nov. 19, 18-15. Rev. 
Nathaniel Wells was son ofDea. Nathaniel Wells, whose father was also D -a. 
Nathaniel Wells, who removed to Wells, Me., from Ipswich, Ms . and who was 
a son of Dca. Thomas Wells of Ipswich, who died in that place, Oct. 2i>. li 06. 

Rcr. Ephraim Nelson Hithlen was Preceptor of Gilmanton Academy, three 
years; graduated at Gilmanton Theological Seminary, 1840; was married, Aug. 
28, 1840, to Mary Elizabeth Parsons, daughter of Josiah Parsons, Ksq., of 
Gilmanton. whose wife Was Judith Badger, great-granddaughter oi Gen. Jo- 
seph Badger, Senior. Ife was sen of Ephfaim Hidden, and nephew oi Rev. 
Samuel Hidden of Tamworth, N. II., and gramUon oi Price Hidden of lb v ley, 
Ms. His first New England ancestor emigrated from England and settled in 
Rowley. 

Epi'IN.g. Rev, Robert Cutler was the 1 1 it minister. Jn 1755, Mr. Cutler, 
being charged with immoral conduct, was dismissed by a Council. He was 
installed in Greenwich, Ms., Feb. 1.3, 1700, where he died, Feb. 21, 178(i, aged 
probably lis. 

Rev. Josiah Strain*; closed his ministry and life, July 25, 17*S. lie 
descended from Isaac Stearns, who came from Emrland, with Gov. \\ inthrop, 
in 16.30, and settletl in Watertown. The Jim' of descent is 1. Isaac and Sarah 
Stearns. 2. John Stearns, who married Small Mixer of Watertown. He 
settled in Billerica. 3. John Stearns, who married Elizabeth- . He was 



44 



Congregational Churches and 



1 



[Jan. I 



the first child bo 
Johnson. She 



n in 
was 



Billerica,on record. 4. John Stearns, who married Esther 
a grcat-granddauahtcr of the celebrated Cant. Edward 



I '• Wonder- working 
ral publications, she 



Johnson, author of the History of \rw England, enlitli 
Providence of Sion's Saviour in New England." In sev 
is incorrectly mentioned as the daughter of the historian. Her father was a 
second Ca.pt. Edwaid Johnson, her grandfather was William Johnson, Esq. 
John and Esther Steams wore the patent- of llcv. Josiah Steams of Epping, 
The following short obituary notice appeared in a public print, Aug. 27, 1788. 
It is attributed to the pen of the Rev. Dr. Tappan, then oi Newbury, afterwards 
Professor of Divinity in Harvard University. 

" For the Essex Journal and New Hampshire Packet. 

".Mr. Hoyt, — The Kev. Mr. Stearns, whoso death was announced in your 
last, sustained a character too great and too gooil to be passed over in silence. 
The (Joil of Nature endued him with singular abilities, which, by the aid of 
erudition, fitted him for extensive usefulness, llis assiduous application to the 
work of the mini-try was truly worthy of imitation. In him shone an assem- 
blage of virtues and graces which rarely meet in the same person. He had a 
lively Taney, a penetrating judgment, a correct taste, and a mind expanded as 
the heavens. His conversation was ever seasonable, grave, pathetic, and instruc- 
tive. His public discourses were replete with good sense, with important truths 
in a clear and instructive light, and received the approbation of the best judges, 
lie despised pageantry, without the appearance of affectation, lie trusted to 
nothing mortal ; pitied, but envied not, such as had their portion in this life. 
His advice in Council was often sought, and ever approved. He had a consti- 
tutional firmness, and was capable of the most dispassionate reasoning. Ho 
repudiated errors ancient and modern, and rejoiced to the last in his laithful 
adherence to the doctrines of grace. Elevated by the purer sentiments, he ever 
possessed a mind calm and. serene. God, who i- allwise in council, was pleas- 
ed to try his faith and patience in the furnace of ailliclion. After a lingering 
and painful sickness, he died of a cancer, in the . r >7th year of 1ms age. In him 
died a friend to justice, liberty, and energetic government ; a vigorous watch- 
man, a patient guide, an affectionate pastor, a prudent, kind husbandj and an 
indulgent but truly faithful parent.'' 

Mr. Stearns was a close and thorough student. lie studied the Scriptures 
in their original languages, with unremitting diligence. His limited means would 
not allow him to possess much of a library, but he was favored with the use of 
books by friends, who were aide to own them. lie was accustomed to borrow 
one volume at a time, and when he had read it through, its contents were his 
own. The late Rev. Dr. Thayer of Kingston, mentioning this fact, added, 
'• The Bible especially was his Library.'' So intimate was his knowledge of 
the Scriptures, that '• he could readily cite chapter ami verse, where almost any 
text was to be found.*' Mr. Steams was an ardent friend of liberty. " Some 
of his sons were in the field, during a greater part of the Revolutionary contest; 
and he sacrificed most of his worldly interest in support of the American cause." 
[Alden's Epitaphs.] He was a member of a State Convention, in Exeter, in 
which he regarded himself as fully committed to the risk of his personal 
safety. Returning from the Convention, he called his children around him, 
told them of the stand he had taken, and added, " If the cause shall prevail it 
will be a great blessing to the country, but if it should fail, your poor old father's 
head will soon be a button for a halter/' 

Mr. Stearns was tall in person, and interesting in his pulpit performances. 
He held the untiring attention of his audience, which not unfrequently tilled 
the seats and aisles of his meeting-house, while, in pleasant weather, a number 
stood abroad around the doors and windows. 

Of the printed .sermons of Mr. Stearns, two were on 1 John iv : 8, — " Cod is 
love." These were preached in Exeter, and printed after his death, at the request, 
made to him in his last sickness, of lion. John Phillips, for the use of the 
members of the Academy. Another was on early piety, with a brief memoir 
of Samuel Lawrence, preached. Sept. 19, 1779. Another was a Fast sermon. 

Mr. Stearns married first, Sarah Abbot of Andoyer. They had three sons 
and three daughters. One of the sons was John Stearns, Esq., of Deeifield, 



1S47.] Ministers in Rockingham County. 45 

N. II. Mrs. Stearns died in November, 176(1. In September, 1767, ho married 
Sarah Ruggles, daughter of Rev, Samuel Ruggles of Hilleriea, v. ho was a 
grandson of Rev. .John Wood bridge of Andover, and great-grandson of Gov. 
Thomas Dudley. By the second marriage, also, Mr, Stearns had three sons 
and three daughters. 

Rev. Samuel Stearns, son of Rev. Josiah Stearns, by his second marriage, 
was born in Epping, April 8, 1770; graduated at 11. U. 179-1 : studied theology 
with Rev. Jonathan French of Andover; and was ordained In Bedford, Ms., 
April 27, 1795, where he died, Dee. 26, 1834, aged 65. lie married Abigail, 
daughter of Rev. Mr. French of Andover. She was a descendant from John 
Alden, one of the first Pilgrims, who is said by some to have been the first per- 
son, who leaped upon the rock at Plymouth, .New England, in 1620. Rev. Mr. 
Steams of Bedford lived to see three of his sous settled in the ministry. Rev. 
Samuel Horatio Steams, ordained over the Old South Church in Boston, Ms., 
April 16, 183-1, died in Paris, Fiance. July 15, 1837. His remains were brought 
to his native country, and rest in .Mount Auburn Cemetery. Rev. Wil- 
liam Augustus Steams, ordained at Cambridgeporl, Dec. II. 1831, married 
Rebecca Alden F razor of Du.xbury. Rev. Jonathan French Stearns was 
ordained pastor of the first Presbyterian Church in Newbury port, Sept. 1<>, 
1835. He married first, Joanna Chaplin, daughter of Dr. James Projseott Chap- 
lin of Cambridgeport. lie married secondly, Anna S. Prentiss of Portland, Me. 
Sarah Caroline, a daughter of Rev. Mr. Stearns of Bedford, married Rev. For- 
est Jeffords, who was ordained at Epping, and afterwards installed'at Middle- 
ton, M-^. Charlotte Esther, a daughter of Rev. Samuel Stearns, married Rev. 
Jonathan Leavitt. He was ordained at Bedford, and afterwards installed at 
Providence, R. I. Rev. Josiah Howe Steams, son of Dea. William Stearns and 
grandson of Rev. Josiah Steams of Epping, was ordained at Dcnnysville. Me., 
Nov. 6, 1811, and married Eliza Kilby, daughter of John Kilby, Esq., of that 
place. The mother of Rev. Josiah Howe Stearns, who was, before marriage, 
Abigail Richards Howe of Templeton, Ms., was a descendant of John Alden of 
Pilgrim memory. 

Rev. Peter Holt, third pastor at Epping. was son of Joshua Holt, Esq., whoso 
brother, Rev. Nathan Holt, was pa-tor of the second Church in Darivers, Ms. 
Rev. Peter Holt studied theology with Rev. Mr. French of Andover. He was 
installed over the Presbyterian church in Peterborough. March 7, 1827; 
resigned April, 1835 ; preached in Deering from 1835 to 1841. See notices of 
Mr. Holt by Rev. Mr. Whhon, in the X. 11. Repository, Vol. I. No. 3. Rev. Mr. 
Holt of Epping married Hannah, daughter of Rev. Nathan Holt. They had 
seven children. Two survive, Sarah and Mary ; the first of these married Sam- 
uel Endicott of Beverly. Nathan died at Epping, in his 12th year, of whom there 
is an obituary in the Piscataqua Evan. .Mag. Vol. IV. p. 36. The family of 
Mr. Holt is traced to Nicholas Holt, who came from England to Newbury, in 
1635, removed to Andover, and was one of the ten males who founded the 
church there in 1645. [Coffin's History of Newbury; Abbot's History of Ando- 
ver; Fanner's Genealogical Register.] 

liee. Forest Jejferds, who succeeded Mr. Holt, was son of Samuel, who was 
', the sou of Samuel, who was the sou of Rev. Samuel Jederds of Wells, Me., 
whose father emigrated from England to Salem. Ms. Rev. Samuel Jetierds 
was favored with a revival of religion in Wells, in 1741-2, and was one of the 
attestors by letter to u the happy revival of religion in many parts of the land." 
[Tracifs Hist. Great Aval:., p. 205.] Rev. Forest Jeffords received his classical 
and theological education at the Theological Seminary, Bangor, graduated 
1825, was Installed at Middleton, Ms., May 2. 1832. resigned May 15, 1844. 
Mr. Jetierds married Sarah Caroline, daughter of Rev. Samuel Stearns of 
Bedford. 

Rev. Calvin Chapman was next ordained in Epping. A new house of wor- 
ship had been erected, which was dedicated in connection with the services of 
his ordination. He graduated at Andover Theological Seminary, 1842, married 
Lucy B. Emerson of Parsonsfield. Me. Mr. Chapman is now settled at Sica- 
rappa, Me. 

Rev. Mr. Corser was a son of David Corser of Boscawen, who was a son of 



w, 



Foreign Missionaries from Novwich % Ct. 



[Jan. 



John, and grandson of John of Newbury, AN., who emigrated to this country 
from Scotland, about the year lGDO. John, with David his son, removed from 
Newbury to IJoscawen, in tho early settlement of the town, and pureha ed the 
whole of that tract of land, which, from their name, is called Cursors Hill. -Mr. 
Corser studied divinity with -Rev. Dr. Harris of Duubarton, and was ord. o? led 
in Loudon, March 5, 1817. He was dismissed from his charge Sept. 20, 1838. 
He preached as a supply at Northlield and Plymouth, till 1843. Since then ho 
has supplied at lipping, where he now resides. His son, Samuel B. G. Corser, 
graduated at Dartmouth College, in 1S41. 

(To be coniinucd.) 



FOREIGN MISSIONARIES FROM NORWICH, CT 



The following is supposed to be a correct list of the Missionaries that have 
gone out from Norwich. About twenty of them were natives, and the others 
were lor a considerable period residents of the town, before entering upon the 
duties of the missionary. Two of them, it will be seen, belong to an earlier 
period than the organization of the American Board of Commissioners for For- 
eign .Missions. One is attached to a Methodist Mission ; one is an Episcopal 
clergyman % i n the employ of the Colonization Society, and twenty-four have 
been in the service of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign 
Missions. 



Year. Names. 

17G1. Rev. Samson Occunr, (Mohegan,) 

HOG. Rev. Samuel Ivirkland, . 

1S1\>. Rev< Samuel Nult, Jr., 

Mrs. Nott, (Roxana Peck,) . 

1S19. Rev. Miron Win-low, 

" Mrs. "Winslow, ( Harriet L. Lath rap,) . 

ISji). Mrs. Palmer, ( Clarissa Johnson,) 

15-21. Rev. William Poller, . . . . 

IS?,'). R<>v. William H. Manwarinit; . 

1S-3G. Mrs. Gleason, ( Bethiah W, Tracy,) 

1S27, Rev. Jonathan S. Green, 

Mrs. Gulick, (Fanny 11. Thomas.) 

1883* Mrs. Smith',' (Sarah L. Huntington,) . 
Mrs. Palmer, (Jerusha Johnson,) . 

" Mrs. ITulchinsjs, (Elizabeth C. Lathrop.j 

' ; Mrs. Perry, ( Harriet J. Lalhrop,) . 

'• Rev. Stephen Johnson, . 

1S35. Rev. James T.Dickinson, 

" Rev. William Tracy, .... 
Mrs. Hehai.l. (Rebecca W.Williams,) . 

1636. Mrs. Cherry, (Charlotte II. Lathrop,) 

" Rev. James L. Thomson, 

1830.. Mrs. Sherman, (Martha E. Williams,) 

" Mrs. Brewer, (Laura L. G hidings,) 

" Mrs. Cherry, (.fane E. Lathrop,) 

1840. Rev. Joshua Smith, . . 

18-13. Miss Susan Tracy, .... 

1841. Miss Luanda Downer, . ' . 



Mission. 
Oneida. 

Mahratta. 

Ceylon. 
Cherokee. 



Choctaw. 
Sandwich Islands. 



Cherokee 

Ceylon. 

Siam. 

s 



appoi 
Madura. 
Syria. 
Madura. 



C 



yprus, 



Oregon. 
Ceylon. 
. Africa. 

Choctaw. 
. Choctaw. 
History of Norwich, 



"To send an uneducated child into the woild." says Pa ley, '-'is little betlei 

than to turn out a mad don" or a wild beast into the street ■>.''' 



Mothers and schoolmasters plant tho seeds of nearly all the good and evii 
which exist in our world, Its reformation must, therefore, be begun iu nurse 
lies and schools, — Dr. llioh. 



$ 



■"1317.] The Passengers of the Miy Fbwct in 10*20. 



THE PASSENGERS OF Till; MAY FLOWER J X I J»). 

BY NATHANIEL I? RAD STREET SIU7RTLErT, M. D. 



As early as the year 1002, several religious j) oplc residing near 
the joining borders of Nottinghamshire, Lincolnshire, and Yorkshire, 
together with their pious ministers, being grievously oppressed by 
courts and canons, resolved to slmko off the yoke of antiehristian 
bondage, and, as the Lord's free [)eo[)lc, to form themselves by cove- 
nant into a church-state, to walk in all his ways according to lh< ir 
best knowledge and endeavors, cost them whatever it might. 

Jn the voar 100(5, by reason of the distance of their habitations, 
these people were obliged to assemble in two places and become two 
distinct churches; over one of which Mr. John Smith was established 
f. pastor, and among the others were .Mr. Richard Clifton and Mr. John 
Robinson, two very excellent ^n<\ worthy preachers. 

In the fall of 16*07, Mr. Clifton ami many of his church, being 
extremely harassed, removed themselves and families to Holland, 
where, in the spring of H50S, they were followed by Mr. Robi.nsou and 
the rest. They settled first at Amsterdam, where they remained a 
year; but finding that Mr. Smith's church, which was there before 
them, had fallen into contention with others, they, valuing peace and 
spiritual coinfurt above other riches, removed with Mr. Robinson, their 
I pastor, to Leyden, Mr. Clifton remaining in Amsterdam, where he 
soon died. 

Soon after their arrival in Leyden, they chose Mr. William Brewster 
to assist the pastor, as Elder of the Church. Tu their new place of 
abode they lived in love and harmony with each other, and on friendly 
terms of intercourse with their neighbors, till they removed to America. 

By the year 1610, many had come over to them from various parts 
of England, and they had increased and become a great congregation. 

In 1017, Mr. Robinson and his church began, to think of emigrating 
to America; and, as a preparatory step, sent Mr. Robert Cushman and 
Mr. John Carver from Leyden over to l-higland, to treat with the Vir- 
ginia Company, and also to see if the King would grant them the lib- 
erty of conscience there, which was refused them in the land of (heir 
birth. Although the agents were riot able to obtain from the King 
their suit for liberty in religion under the broad seal, as was desired, 
nevertheless, they prevailed so far as to gain the connivance of the 
King that lie would not molest them, provided they carried themselves 
peaceably. In 1GIS, the agents returned to Leyden, to the great dis- 
couragement of the people who sent them; who, notwithstanding, re- 
solved, in 1G1 9, to send again two agents to agree with the Virginia 
Company; ami at this lime they sent Mr. Cushman a second time, 
and with him Mr. William Bradford, who, after long attendance, 
obtained the patent granted by the Company to Mr. John Winoob, 
which was never used. 

Notwithstanding all these troubles-, so strong was their resolution to 
quit Leyden and settle in America, that they entered into an arrange- 
ment with Mr. Thomas Weston, a merchant of London, for their trans- 
portation, and sent Mr. Carver and Mr. Cushman to England, to 
receive the money of Mr. Weston; to assist in their transportation, and 



43 



The Passengers of 



[Jan.' 



no ' 



to provide for the voyage. By direction, Mr. Cuslimau went to Lon- 
don and Mr. Carver to Southampton, where they finally joined wit 
Mr. William Martin, who had been chosen to assist them. 

A vessel of sixty tons, (-ailed the Speedwell, was boiejlit and fitted jJ 
in Holland, to be used in their transportation, and was designed to be*'.v! 
kept for use in their now country. Mr. Cushman, in June, 10:i0, alsorj 
hired at London the renowned May Flower, a vessel of ninesee ~e toiis^lj 
and also Mr. Clarke, the pilot. 

Mr. Cushman, having procured the May Flower at London, and 
fitted ii for the voyage, proceeded in it to Southampton, where held! 
and Captain Jones, together with the other agents, remained seven . : 
days, until the arrival of the Pilgrims who loft Leydeu in July, embark* i 
ing from Delft J laven. 

On the 5th of August, both vessels, the May Flower, Capt. Jones, 
and the Speedwell, Capt. Remolds, set sail from Southampton. The, 
small vessel proving leaky, they both put in to Dartmouth about 
the I3tli of August, where they remained till the 21st, when they set 
sail again. Both vessels were obliged to return a second time on 
account of the leakage of the Speedwell; and this time they put back 
to Plymouth, where they gave up the small vessel and dismissed those I 
who were witling to return to London, Mr. Cushman and his family 
returning with them. 

On the Oth of September, their number then consisting of one 
hundred persons, they made their final start, and arrived at Cape Cod 
on the eleventh day of November, when they signed the famous com- 
pact, and landed at Plymouth, in America, on the eleventh day of 
December, Old Style, or on the twenty-first of December, New Style, 
in the year 1G20. 

During their passage, one only died, William Button, a young man, 
servant to Mr. Samuel Fuller, the physician of the new colony, who 
was included in Mr. Fuller's family, according to Governor Bradford, 
although dead at the time of the signing of the compact. 

One person was born during the passage, Oceanus Hopkins, a son of 
Mr. Stephen Hopkins, who did not survive long after the landing. 

At the commencement of the voyage, the number of passengers of 
the May Flower was one hundred, and at the time of the arrival at 
Cape Cod Harbor it was the same; one having died, and one having 
been born, tints preserving the integrity of the number. Both of these 
persons, however, are numbered among the passengers, and hence the 
number is generally stated as one hundred and one. 

Peregrine White, son of Mr. William White, was born in Cape Cod 
Harbor, in November, after the signing of the compact and before the 
landing, and is not included with the voyagers. lie enjoyed the dis- 
tinction of being the first born white child in New England, of the 
Leyden Pilgrims. 

The first child born after the landing on the twenty-second day of 
December, 10:20, was a sou of .Mr. Isaac Allertou, but it did not survive 
its birth. 

The May Flower has already been stated to have been a vessel of 
about ninescore tons, and was procured at London by Mr. lloberl 
Cushman, who was debarred the privilege oi' coming over with the 
infant colonists, as it was necessary that he should remain in England, 
to keep together those who were left behind, and to provide for their 



1847.] the May Flower in 1620. 49 

future emigration, as lie had done for that of those of the first passage. 
This lie did hy procuring the Fortune, and sailing from Loudon in 
July, 102 1, and arriving in New England on the 9th of November of 
the same year. It is also highly probable that he obtained the other 
early vessels, as he continued to he the agent of the Pilgrims till his 
death, which occurred in England, just as he was ready to come to 
spend the rest of his days in New England. In 1021, when the urst 
division of land for continuance took place, Mr. Cushman, although in 
England, was placed at the head of the list of those who came in the 
May Flower; an act of justice alike creditable to our forefathers and 
honorable to him. 

The May Flower not only brought over the first of the Leydcn 
Pilgrims, hut also, in the year 1021), with four other vessels, transported 
Mr. Iligginson and his company to Salem; and in 1G30, was one of 
the fleet which conveyed to New England Mr. Winthrop and the 
early settlers of the Massachusetts Colony. 

A vessel bearing this name was owned in England about fifteen 
years or more before the voyage of our forefathers ; hut it would be 
impossible to prove or disprove its identity with the renowned May 
Flower, however great such a probability might be. It is known, 
nevertheless, that this identical famous vessel afterwards hailed i\om 
various English ports, such as London, Yarmouth, and Southamp- 
ton, and that it was much used in transporting emigrants to this 
country. What eventually became of it, and what was the end of its 
career, are equally unknown to history. 

The following li.st of passengers is made up from various sources. 
By referring to the list of those who signed the compact at Cape Cod, 
taken from Governor Bradford's folio manuscript, we know who signed 
the compact, and the number of persons in the family of each ; who of 
the signers brought wives, and who died the first winter. By the 
pocket-book of Governor Bradford we know the names and dates of the 
deaths of sixteen who died the first season, and how many died before 
the arrival of the Fortune, on the Dili of November, 1021. By an 
examination of the Old Colony Records, we know to whom land was 
assigned in 1021, and what families were extinct at that time ; and, as 
the families were arranged according to the vessel in which they came, 
and an acre was granted to each individual, we know how many were at 
that time in each family. Smith has also told us that none of the first 
planters died during the three years preceding the close of the year 
1024. By the division of cattle, in the year 1027, a record of which 
was made at Plymouth, we know every individual who was living at 
that date, and the relative age of each person in every family. By 
wills, records, and gravestones, we know the ages of many of the Pil- 
grims and their children. 

From such materials, and with such authorities, the following table 
has been constructed; and it is believed, that, although there is a 
possibility of the existence of small errors which can never be proved, 
the list is entirely or very nearly correct. 

In order to save space and unnecessary printing, and to exhibit more 
readily for reference some of the most important facts, the following 
distinetive marks are made use of. 

Those who signed the compact at Cape Cod, on the 11th of Novem- 
ber, 1G20, are in capitals. 



50 



The Passengers of 



Jan. 



t* 
t* 



■ 






The number in each family is indicated by the Arabic numeral. 
Those who brought their wives have this mark, \. 
Those who left them for a time in Holland or England are thus 
distinguished, t- 

Those who died before the arrival of the Fortune on the 9th of 
November, 1G21, have an asterisk, *. 

Those who died before the division of cattle in 1G27, are in italics. 

The dales of those who died the first season are given as taken 
from Bradford's pocket-book. 

/ 
JOHN CARVER, died in April, L621. f* 

Mrs. Curve; (his wife,) died in May, 1621. * 

Elizabeth Carver, daughter of Mr. Carver and also wife of John How- 
land. 
Jasper, (the boy of Mr. Carver,) died Dec. 6, 1620. * 

John J lowland. 
Three others of this family died before 1627. * 8 

WILLIAM BRADFORD. t 

Mrs. Dorothy Bradford, (his wife,) drowned Dec. 7, 1020. * 2 

EDWARD WINS LOW. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Winslow, (his wife.) died March 24, 1620-1. 

Edward Winslow, Jr., son of Jul ward. 

John Winslow, son of Edward. 

GEORGE SOULE. 

WILLIAM BREWSTER. 

Mrs. Brewster, (his wife.) 

Love Brewster, son of William. 

Wrestling Brewster, son of William. 

Mrs. Lucretia Brewster, wife of Jonathan, the oldest son of Elder Brewster 

William Brewster, son of Jonathan. 

ISAAC ALLERTON. 

Mrs. Mary Allerton, (his wife,) died Feb. 25, 1620-1. 

Bartholomew Allerton, son of Isaac. 

Remember Allerton, daughter of Isaac. 

Mary Allerton, daughter of Isaac, and also wife of Elder Thomas Cush- 
man. 

Sarah Allerton, daughter of Isaac, and also wife of Moses Maver- 
ick. 

MILES STANDISIT. 

Mrs. Rose Stmulish, (his wife,) died Jan. 29, 1020-1. 

JOHN ALDEN. 

SAMUEL FULLER. 

William Battel, (his servant.) died Nov. 6, 1620* 

CHRISTOPHER 3L4RTIN. died Jan. 8, 1620-1. 
Mrs. MariM, (his wife,) died the first winter. 
Solomon Martin, son of Christopher, died Dec. 2 1, 1620. 
One oilier of this family died the first winter. 

WILLIAM MULLINS, died Feb. 21, 1620-1. 

Mrs. Mullins, (his wife,) died the first winter. 

Priscilla Mullins, daughter of William, and also wife of John Al 

den. 
Two others of this family died the first winter. 



X 


5 

1 




t 






r. 


6 




t 







1317. 



the May Flower in 1G20. 



51 



WILLY AM WHITE, died Feb. 21, ifi-20-1. 

j,: Mi-h. Susanna White, (his wife,) afterwards wife of Governor Win 

Resolved White, son of William. 
I William White, Jr., son of William. 
I Edward Thompson, died Dec. 1, UiJO. 

RfCIIAltD warren. 



t* 



slow. 



STEPHEN HOPKINS 



| Mrs. Elizabeth Hopkins, (his wife.) 
Constance Hopkins, daughter of Stephen and also wife of Nic 

Snow. 
Giles Hopkins, son of Stephen. 
Caleb Hopkins, son of Stephen. 
Occanus Hopkins, son oi Stephen, born at sea. 

EDWARD DOTEY. 

EDWARD LEISTER. 



EDWARD TILLEY, died the first winter. 
Mrs. Tillcy, (his wife,) died the first winter. 
Two others of this family died the first winter. 

JOHN TILLEY, died the first winter. 
Mrs. Tilley, (his wife.) died the first winter. 
One other of this family died the first v: inter. 

FRANCIS COOKE. 

John Cooke, (called the younger,) son of Francis. 

THOMAS ROGERS, died the first winter. 
Joseph Rogers, son of Thomas. 

THOMAS TINKER, died the first winter. 
Mrs. 'Tinker, (his wife.) died the first winter. 
One more of this family died the first winter. 

JOHN RTDGDALE, died the first winter. 
Mrs. Ridgdale, (his wife,) died the first winter. 

EDWARD FULLER, died the first winter. 
Mrs.. Tidier, (his wife.) died the first winter. 
Samuel Fuller, (called the younger.) son of Edward. , 

JOHN TURNER, died the first winter. 

Two others of this family died the first winter. 

FRANCIS EATON. 

Mrs. Eaton, (his wife,) died before 1G27. 

Samuel Eaton, son of Francis. 

JAMES CHILTON died Dec. S. 1620. 
Mrs. Chilton, (his wife,) died the first winter. 
Mary Chilton, daughter of James and also wife of John Wins 
the brother of Edward. 

JOHN CRACKSTON, died the first winter. > 

John Crackston, Jr.. son of John. t' 

JOHN ■UILLINtlTON. I 

Mrs. Helen Billington, (his wife.) ] 

Francis billington, ~o\i of John. 
John Billington, Jr.. son of John 



t* 

t* 



The Passengers of the Mat/ Flower in 1620. 



[Jan. 



MOSES FLETCHER, died the first winter. 

JOHN GOODMAN. 

DEGORY PRIEST, died Jan. 1, 1620-1. 

THOMAS WILLIAMS, died the first winter. 

GILBERT WINSLOW, brother of Edward. 

EDWARD MARGESON, died the first winter. 

PETER BROWN. 

RICHARD BR1TTERIGE, died Dee. 21, 1620. 

RICHARD CLARKE, died the first winter. 

RICHARD GARDINER. 

JOHN ALLERTON, (seaman,) died the first winter. 

THOMAS ENGLISH, (seaman,) died the first winter. 



1 X 



Total. 



101 



The number of deaths of the first planters that odcurred from the 
time the .May .Flower left England, to the year 1626, may be thus 
enumerated: — 



In November, 1620, 



In December, ' ; 
In January, 1620-1, 
In February, f: 
In March, " 

In April, 1621, 



In May, " 



From April 6 to November 9, 1621, 
From November 9, 1621, to 1625, 

Total, 



1 I Of these were, 



G 

8 

17 

13 

1 

1 

4 



51 



Signers to the compact, 
Wives of the signers, 
Known members of families, 
viz : William Ratten, Ed- 
ward Thompson, Jasper, the 
boy, Solomon Martin, and 
Oceanus Hopkins. 
Unknown members of the fol- 
lowing families, viz : 
Of Carver's, 
Of Mai tin's, 
Of Mullins's, 
Of Edward Tilley's, 
Of Jo! in Tilley's, 
Of Tinker's, 
Of Turner's, 

Total, 



•21 
13 



12 

51 



In the division of land in 1G24, Henry Samson and Ilumilitic Coop- 
er had land assigned them among those who came in the May 
Flower, and for this reason they have been generally believed to have 
been among the passengers of that vessel. If such is the ease they 
can be placed in the family of Mr. Carver better than that of any 
other. But, as Mr. Cushman is also placed on that list, it may be 
reasonably inferred that others were put there fur some other reasons, 
as perhaps Samson and Cooper, who are therefore excluded iu this 
account. 

John Goodman is marked in Bradford's manuscript as among those 
who died the first season. But as his name occurs among those who 



gM 



NOTE. 



The following mistakes, not attributable to the author, should be thus 
corrected : 

On page 50, line 15, "John Ilowland" should be in Roman Capitals. 

On page 50, lines 12, 34, 36, and 49, the word "also" should be 
I "afterwards." 

On page 50, line 23, " George Soule" should be included in the 
family of Edward Winslow, and the numeral 1 against his name 
erased. 

On page 51, lines 9 and 41, the word '"also" should be "afterwards." 

On page 48, line 51, the word " the", before infant, should be " its." 



1347. 



Major Pendleton's Letter 



S3 






had garden lots in 1020, and also in the division of land in 1623, it 
must be inferred that he was marked by mistake, or else Mr. Prince 
committed an error in taking his copy for the Annals. 

Three of the wives of the signers were left in Europe; namely, Bridg- 
ett, the wife oC Dr. Samuel Fuller, Hester, the wife of Francis Cooke, 
mid Elizabeth', the wife of Richard Warren. These afterwards came 
over in the Ann, in 1G23. 

Five lost their wives and married again; namely, William Bradford, 
who married widow Alice Southworth; Edward Winslow, who married 
widow Susanna White ; Isaac Allerton, who married Fear Brewster, 

and afterwards, Joanna' ; Miles Standish, who married Lar- 

bara ; and Francis Eaton, who married Christian Penn. 

Others were married for the first time; namely, John 1 lowland and 
Elizabeth Carver; George Soule and Mary; Love Brewster and Sarah 
Collier; John Alden and Priscilla Mullins; llesolved White and Judith 
Vassal; Giles Hopkins and Catherine Wheldon ; Edward Dotey and 
Faith Clarke; John Cooke and Sarah Warren; Samuel Eaton and 
Martha Billington. 

Several of the Pilgrims had children born in New England, an 
:count of whom may form another article at some future time. 



MAJOR PENDLETON'S LETTER. 

Copy of a letter from Major Brian Pendleton to the " Honored 
Governor and Counsell for the Matacusets at Boston," occasioned by 
the attack of the Indians on Casco, Me. 



" Honored Governor 

together with the Counsell, 

I am sorry my pen must he the messenger of soe greate a 
Tragedyo. On the 11th of this instant wee heard of many killed of our naybors 
in falmouth or Casco-Bay: and on the 12th instant Mr. Joslin sent me a briefe 
letter written from under the hands of Mr. Bunas* the minister. llee gives 
an acct of 32 killed and carried away by the Indians : himselfe escaped to an 
Island, but I hope Black poynt men have fetched him of by this time. 10 men 
6 women and 16 children. Anthony a[n]d Thomas B[r]a[c]ket and Mr. Mun- 
joy his sonne onely are named. I had not time to coppye the letter, persons 
beinge to goe post to Major Walden ; but I hope he hath before this sent the 
originall to you. How soon it will be our portion wee know not. The Lord in 
mercy fit us for death and direct the harts and hands to ackt and doe wt. is 
most needfull in such a time of distress as this. Thus in haste I commit you 
to Pvdounce of our Lord Cod and desire Your prayers also for us. Yours in all 
humility to sarve in 

the Lord, 

BRIAN PENDLETON." 



r Winter Harbor at night "I 
the 13 of August, 1676." j 



* Rev. George Burroughs. 



Juridical Statistics <>/' 



Jan. 



I 



CAPT. MILES STANDISII'S INVENTORY OF BOOKS. 



The following books arc mentioned in the Inventory of the goods of Capt. 
Miles Standish, as they were shown to the Apprai ers, John Al len an I James 
Cud worth, Dec. 2, 1G5G. Tiie account is here Ljiven as found in the Inventory. 

The History of the World and the Turkish History . 
A Chronical of England and the Country Farmer . 
Y° History of Queen Elizabeth the State of Europe 
Doctor Hall's workes Calvin's Institutions .... 

Wilcoeke's Workes and Mayors 

Rogers SeaVon Treatises and the French Akademy 

3 old Bibles . . 

Cesers Comentarys BariiTe's Artillery 

Preston's Sermons Burroughes Christian Contentment, Cos- \ 

poll Conversation \ 

Passions, of the mind. The Phisitious practice / 

Burroughs Earthly mindedness. Burroughs discoveries . j 

Ball on Faith — Brinly Watch, Dod on tho Lord's supper . | ( 

Sparks against heresie — Davenports Apology . . . j 

A reply to Dr. Cotton on Baptisme — the Garman History — ) 0() . () (J|J 

Tho Sweden Intelligencer — Reason diseused . . . j 

] Testament — 1 Psalme Booke — nature and grace in conflict ) 

A law Bopk.e — The meane in MoUrning Allegations John- > 00 0G 00 

son against hearing .......) 

A parcel of old Bookes upon diverse subjects in 4to . . 00 1 1 00 

Another parcel in Octavo . . . . . . . 00 05 00 

Wilsons- Dixonary Homer's Illiad a Commentarie on James ) 



£ s. 


,!. 




01 in 


00 




0i US 

01 10 


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(II) 




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00 
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00 1 1 
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00 
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1 



Ball's Catechesme. 



00 12 uO 



NOTICES' OF THE COURTS OF JUDICATURE AND OF TIFF BAR 



BY STEPHEN COLBY l'ADUER, EJ 



OF CONCORD.* 



The History of the Courts in New Hampshire, including an account of the 
various systems of Judicature from time to time, has been published in an arti- 
cle contained in the American Quarterly Register, Vol. XII., prepared by 
Francis Cogswell, Esq., of Dover, and In Articles c n'tained in the New Hamp- 
shire Repository, Vols. I. and II., prepared by William Buttcriield, Esq., of 
Gilmantou, Hon. Samuel D. Bell of Manchester, and the Hon. John Kelly of 
Exeter, N. II. Nothing further need be said on this subject. 

The County of Merrimack, by an act of the Legislature, passed in 1823, was 
formed from the Counties of Hillsborough and Rockingham, with the exception 
of a part of the town of Franklin, which was taken from Sanbornton. then in 
Stratford County, now in the County of Belknap. It contains twenty-four 
towns. 

The Counties of Hillsborough and Merrimack compose the Second Judicial 
District for the transaction of business of the Superior Court, and Courts are 
held annually at Concord on the second Tuesday of July, and at Amherst on trie 
second Tuesday of December. 

The following list of Judges, County Officers and Members of tho Bar, 
include those who resided within the limits of the County of Merrimack before 
its fortnation, and also those who have resided within the County since it was 
formed. 



In preparing this article, .assistance was rendered by Moody Kent, Ksi 



I ,,,, 



Merrimack County. 



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GO Biographical Notices of [Jan, • 



BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES OF DECEASED PHYSICIANS 
IN MASSACHUSETTS. 

B Y E B EXEZ E R A L I) E N , M . D . 
To the Editor of ihe Now England Historical and Genealogical Register. 

J)f.ar Sir, 

1m accordance with your suggestion, I propose to send you occasion all)' for 
publication, as your limits may permit, brief notices and reminiscences of 
Physicians, who have lived in Massachusetts. 

The plan of your Periodical requires that such notices should be brief; and 
I shall usually refer your readers to the sources of information, from which my 
materials have been obtained, so as to facilitate the investigations of tho.se who 
may wish in any case to make still further inquiries. 

Perhaps no class of public men is so little known to the community beyond 
the limited circle of professional pursuits, as physicians. Their life is one of 
incessant confinement, anxiety, and toil. A portion of their labor-, as large as 
from one fourth to one third, is gratuitous. To them, if to no others, it is an 
abiding truth, The your always ye hare witli you. It is exceedingly lare even 
in cities, still more so in the country, to find a physician of honorable standing 
with his fellows, who has acquired great wealth as tin; fruit of professional 
service. Having food and raiment, he must learn therewith to be content. 
Nevertheless, physicians liud abundant sources of enjoyment in the sympathy 
and kindness of many attached friends ; and it is believed, that, according to the 
measure of their ability, they are not behind the average of their fellow-citizens 
in works of philanthropy and benevolence. In the war of the Revolution they 
were fully represented in the senate-house, and on the battle-field ; and the 
names ot Prescott, llollon, Thomas, Brooks, and Warren, with many others. 
go down to posterity, no less honored as statesmen and patriots, than us i 
neiit members of the medical profession. 

It is pleasant to recall the virtues of such men; to know where they lived \ 
who were their associates ; how they performed the duties of social life ; what 
obstacles they encountered and what rewards they obtained ; and to hold 
forth their example to the younger members of the profession and especially to 
those just about to enter it, as a practical illustration of the great truth, that a 
life perseveringly devoted to the good of others, even under the most discour- 
aging circumstances ; will ultimately secure the public confidence, and meet 
its reward. Respectfully, yours. 

]. — DR. ERASTUS SERGEANT, SENIOR, OF STOCKERIDOE. 

The following Notice of a distinguished physician and worthy 
ma 
by 
ninety years of age. 

Dr. JiRASTUS Sergeant was born at Slockbridgc, August 7, 1742, 
and died November ]4, 1814, aged 12. 

lie was the son of Rev. John Sergeant, the first missionary to the 
Indians on the Housatonie River, who was born in Newark, N. J., 
ill J710; graduated at Yale College in 1729; was there a Tutor 
four years, and, having a great, desire to be a missionary to the 
Aborigines, went to Litchfield, in 1733, where some English 
people had settled; procured a guide and went on foot forty miles 
further through the wilderness, to the Indians, where he met a cor- 
dial reception. lie then returned to New Haven, resigned his 



;rs. will 
emi- 



The following Notice of a distinguished physician and worthy 

ill is copied, with little alteration, from a letter addressed to myself 

Dr. Oliver Partridge, in December, 1841, when he was over 



1917. 1 



Deceased Pliysicians in Massachusetts* 



61 









Tutorship, and, having made the necessary preparations, went 
back in 1731, and commenced his mission. 

In \73-j Gov. Dudley appointed a meeting of the Indians on 
business at Beerfield, where the Rev. John Sergeant was ordained 
as their minister, and lie with Mr. Timothy Woodbridge as school- 
master, (afterwards Hon. Timothy W.,) went to spend their lives 
with the Indians. 

The Rev. Mr. Sergeant married Abigail, the daughter of Col. 
Epnraim Williams, of Newton, near Boston, one of the chosen six 
who had farms allotted them across our pleasant hill, to be society 
for the two missionaries. 

Mr. Sergeant died in 1749, in the midst of his usefulness, a most 
amiable man and greatly lamented. He left three children : Kras- 
tus, the subject of this memoir; Electa, who married Col. Mark 
Hopkins of Great Barrington, and was grandmother to the two 
brothers, Mark and Albert Hopkins, the former the President and 
the latter a Professor at Williams College; and John, the fourth 
missionary to the said Indians, who removed with them in L788, then 
being about four hundred and fifty in number, to Oneida County, 
N. Y., and there died. 

Their mother married for her second husband, Gen. Joseph 
"Dwight of Great Barrington, who then had live children, and by her 
he had two more, from whom our Dwights and Sedgwieks are 
descended, — and their mother became again a widow. 

Notwithstanding the ditliculties of the war with the French and 
Indians of Canada, and the residing on tin; frontier with the care 
of his, hers, and their children, by the influence and assistance of 
their friends, Erastus was prepared for college, and spent two 
years at Princeton, N. J., before the circumstances of the family 
required his return. 

In 17C1 he went to live with his uncle, Dr. Thomas "Williams of 
Deerfield, and was there about three years in the study and practice 
of medicine. In January, 176-"), he commenced the practice of 
physic in Stockbridge. The towns in the vicinity were then but 
partially settled, and not supplied with physicians, so that he soon 
had much business. Several severe cases of comminuted fracture, 
successfully treated by him, served to extend his fame, and, in a 
short time his advice was much sought, and in surgical cases he 
became the principal operator within a circle of thirty miles diam- 
eter ; and his usefulness was continued until Dr. Jones and others 
succeeded him in business. 

lie was endowed with sound judgment and skill in his profes- 
sion ; was sedate, kind, very charitable and benevolent, with a large 
share of the Christian graces, and truly was the "beloved physician" 
More than twenty young men studied medicine under his direction. 

It was said of him, thai no one ever spoke ill o( him from his 
youth up. He was an important member and deacon in the Rev. 
Dr. West's church. He received a Master's degree at Yale College 
in 1784; was elected a Fellow of the Massachusetts Medical 
Society in 1785 ; was a Justice of the Peace, and a Major in the 



G2 Biographical Notices of [Jan. 

South Regiment of the County; and was obliged 10 keep garrison 
with the. Regiment at Lake Champlain, from December, 1770, to 
April, 1777, and to perform oilier services in troublesome times, 
until Burgoyne's surrender. 

Some years before his death he was afflicted with symptoms of 
pulmonary disease, which were much aggravated by his incessant 
attention to his daughter, who died of consumption. In September 
of 1814 he visited the "springs," in company with Dr. Partridge, 
without benefit, indeed, to his injury ; for it was with difficulty that 
he returned, on account of his increasing weakness. The day 
before his death, he had so far recruited that he rode to Lee on 
horseback, visited his son's family, and returned, not complain- 
ing of fatigue. The day he died, he was abroad in the morning. 
Dr. Partridge adds, " Two friends called on us from Xew York, and 
as we sat at dinner, in social conversation, Dr. Sergeant suddenly 
rose, and a stream of blood issued from his mouth. I instantly 
sprang to him, and he fell lifeless into my arms, without a gasp. 
Thus expired my dear friend, under whose roof J had resided from 
my twentieth year, then forty three and a half years, and more than 
forty of them harmoniously visiting each other's patients, as neces- 
sary to their satisfaction and our accommodation." 

Dr. P. adds, "natusfiri, April If), 1751." 

II.— DR. HORATIO JONES OF STOCKBRIDGE. 

This able and distinguished physician, the pupil and associate of 
Dr. Sergeant, (No. I.,) was the son of Capt. Josiah Jones, and 
grandson of Mr. Josiah Jones, who, in 1737, (.'migrated from Wes- 
ton with Col. Ephraim Williams of Newton, and settled with their 
families in Stockbridge. This sacrifice they cheerfully made, with 
the benevolent intention of aiding the mission, then recently com- 
menced among the Housatonic Indians. 

Dr. Jones was born at Stockbridge, in 1770. In early youth he 
manifested the same energy and decision of character for which 
he was so much distinguished in riper years. Having commenced 
his collegiate education at Yale College with flattering prospects ; 
and, perhaps, in his ambition to excel, pursiiing his studies with an 
intensity of application disproportionate to his power of endurance, 
his health became impaired, and he was attacked with a disease in 
his eyes, which threatened a total loss of sight. In these circum- 
stances, in accordance with the recommendation of his medical 
advisers, he for a time entirely relinquished his literary pursuits. 

Instead of yielding to hopeless despondency, however, he deter- 
mined to pursue an active life; and substituting a knapsack for his 
classics, he went with a company of surveyors to the Genesee 
country, New York, to assist in laying out lands. He was thus 
exposed to all the hardships incident to that mode of life, camping 
out in the wilderness, living upon the coarsest fare, and not unfre* 
quenlly making a hollow log his lodging place for the night. 



1SI7.1 



Deceased Physicians in Massachusetts, 



G3 






Li cine time he recovered his lieallh and Bight, and once more 
resumed his studies, but not at college. Placing himself under 
the instruction of J)r. Sergeant in his native town, lie completed ihe 
usual term of medical pupilage. At a subsequent period he 
attended a course of medical lectures at Philadelphia. 

lie first commenced the practice of his profession at Pittsfield, 
where he was much respected. But at length finding, as he 
expressed it, that there were more physicians than business in that 
place, he determined to remove. His decision being known to Dr. 
Sergeant, then advancing in life, who was desirous of finding some 
suitable person to take his place as an operating surgeon, he with 
his friend Dr. Partridge earnestly solicited Dr. Jones to settle in 
Stoekbridge. With this invitation he eventually complied, and 
while he lived, the medical intercourse of the three physicians was 
most harmonious. 

Under these auspices he was scion introduced into a wide circle 
of business, not only in Stoekbridge, but in all the neighboring 
towns. His reputation was not ephemeral, but constantly in- 
creased, as he advanced in life; and his advice was much sought 
and highly appreciated by his medical brethren. In 180-1 he was 
elected a Fellow of the Massachusetts Medical Society, and in 
1810 received from Williams College the honorary degree of M. A. 
Such was Dr. Jones, — a man possessed of rare endowments, 
and eminent in his profession. In the language of Dr. Partridge, 
from whom most of the facts relating to him have been obtained, 
"he was a good operator in surgery, active, pleasant, social, very 
popular, and indefatigable by night and by day to give relief in 
cases of distress and danger." 

In the winter of 181:2-13, an alarming and fatal epidemic pre- 
vailed extensively in New England. During its prevalence, Dr. 
Jones was incessantly occupied in attendance upon ihe sick. At 
length the fears of his friends respecting him were realized. He 
was suddenly prostrated, and, after an illness of only eight days, he 
died, April 26, 1SJ3, aged 43 years. 

His funeral was attended by a great coneoursc of persons from 
Stoekbridge and the adjoining towns. The Rev. Dr. Hyde of Lee, 
who preached his funeral sermon, from Job xix : 21, speaks of his 
death as a public calamity. "Rarely," savs he, "has the town, or 
even the county, experienced a greater shock in the death of a 
citizen. His removal in the midst oi' his usefulness is an unspeak- 
able loss to the community." 

His death is represented to have been eminently peaceful. Al- 
though he had not made a public profession of his faith, he expe- 
rienced a great change in his religious feelings during the winter 
preceding his death. lie gave to those who best knew him, satis- 
factory evidence of piety. 

In his intercourse with his medical brethren, la: was courteous 
and unassuming. All the duties of domestic and social life he 
discharged with fidelity and acceptance. J lis mind was well bal* 












. 



64 



Biographical Notices of Deceased Physicians. 



[Jan. 



surgical skill 



anced and highly cultivated. lie sympathized in the most nnaf-*| 
fectcd manner with the sick who sought his aid, and by his kind- 
ness and gentleness alleviated the sufferings and won the affections 
of his patients, even in those eases where medical and 
could afford only a temporary and partial relief. 

Exlracts from the sermon of Dr. Hyde were published in the 
tenth volume of the Panoplist ; also, an interesting notice of his 
death and character, by Rev. Jared Curtis, in the Farmer's Herald. 
See also a memoir recently prepared and published by Dr. S. S. 
Williams, in his Medical Biography, a work which cannot fail to 
interest the medical reader, and is an able sequel to the volumes of 
the late D\\ Thatcher on the same subject. 



III. — DR. ANDREW MACKIE OF WAREIIAM. 

Dr. Mackie was the son of Dr. John Maekie, who came from 
Scotland, and settled at Southampton, L. I. He was born at 
Southampton in 1742; studied medicine with his father, and set- 
tled as a physician at "Wareham, Ms., where, for many years, lie had 
an extensive practice in medicine and surgery. lie also had the 
reputation of having been unusually successful in the treatment of 
the smallpox. 

lie was a devoted and active Christian, a member of the church, 
and for many years he sustained the office of a deacon. 

lie had ten children, of whom four sons and three daughters 
lived to adult age. Three of his sons studied medicine. 1. John, 
who graduated at Brown University in 1S00, received the degree 
of M. D., and settled at Providence, R. I., where he died, in Febru- 
ary, 1833, at the age of 52 years. He was eminent as a surgeon. 
2. Peter, a Fellow of the Massachusetts Medical Society, now a 
physician at Wareham. o. Andrew, from whom the above-named 
facts were obtained, born in 1799, graduated at Brown University, 
181.4, and received the degree of M. 1)., 1817. He first settled at 
Plymouth, but is now a physician of good reputation in New 
Bedford, and is a Fellow of the Massachusetts Medical Society. 

Dr. Mackie, the particular subject of this notice, died at Y^are- 
ham, of a pulmonary disease, April, 1817, aged 7o. 



JOHN LEVEKETT, WILLTAM BIIATTLE AND JAMES 

OLIVER. 



These three distinguished scholars of New England were all born 
in Boston, educated at the same school, admitted into Harvard 
College the same year, took their degrees at the same time, [1GS0,] 
all settled in Cambridge, one an attorney at law, one a clergyman, 
and the other a physician, and all eminent in their professions. 
The first two were Fellows of the Koyal Society in England. 



1947.] Extract from a Letter of Hon. William Crunch. fi ; J 



EXTRACT FROM A LETTER OF HON. WILLIAM 
CIUNCII OF WASHINGTON, D. C. 

The following is an extract from a letter of Judge Craneh to the Editor. 

11 Among some old papers of my father, I found a letter from the Uev. Wil- 
liam Clark, dated Quincj', Aug. 1<>. 1803, in which he says, * Mr. William 
Winthrop of Cambridge has, for some time past, been engaged in a pursuit 
rather extraordinary, viz., to investigate the following particulars of everyone 
who has received a degree at Harvard College, from the first foundation o( that 
University in 1648 to the present time ; viz., the origination or where born, his 
professional business or employment, his place of residence, time of his death 
and age ; also any thing remarkable in their lives and characters ; where such 
matterscan be ascertained.' Again, Mr. Claik says, 'In his (Mr. Wmthrop's) 
next letter ho opened his design to me ; and with respect to the clergy in 
particular, when the Catalogue was printed in 17!>7, the whole number of grad- 
uates then being 1 3533, of which number those who had been, or then were, 
Bottled ministers of the Gospel amounted to 1 I;' 1 ; of this number, he informed 
me he had ascertained the places of settlement, and other particulars of 1117, 
so that there were but 4 remaining unascertained, viz., John Mors, IUU2 — Joseph 
Gerrish, 1700 — Xoya Paris, 1721 — of these 2 last, however, he gives some 
proof, that he was not wholly destitute of some intelligence about them. Hut 
what is most surprising was, that of tin; -1 above mentioned unascertained 
persons, myself brought up the rear ! He had never heard where I oiiieiated 




If so, did he ever pursue any other employment than keeping school ? Shep- 
ard Fisk, who graduated in 1721, and lived at Braintree. his employment, 
decease and age I If you could without inconvenience to yourself, collect any 
thing certain of these 2 persons, or either of them, and put it in writing and 
send it to me, it would be thankfully received. I expect to have occasion to 
write to Mr. Winthrop shortly, and should be happy to transmit any thing so 
agreeable to him, as any discovery of this kind, whose mind seems to be 
intensely lived on this pursuit.' 

u Mr. Clark afterwards sent to my father the following extracts from Mr. 
Winthrop's letter to him, dated Oct. 10, 18p3. 

'* ' I feel myself greatly obliged to you, as well as to Judge Craneh. (Judge 
Richard Craneh,) for the information contained in your last letter with its 
inclosures. I have long since heard of that gentleman's researches into the 
antiquities of this country, and conclude he must be possessed of a large fund 
of information upon that subject. Is there no way that I can avail myself of 
it to promote my plan ! 

" ' Finding by your letter that you suppose that Mr. Sheppard, who was settled 
at Cambridge, and who was an eminent minister in that day, was the same 
that graduated in 1053, I inclose you some memorandums respecting that 
family, which may, perhaps, be gratifying to the Judge as well as to yourself. 1 

" The postscript is in these words : — ( I will thank you to present my respects 
to Judge Craneh, when you have a convenient opportunity, and inform him that 
I feel myself under great obligations to him tor his information respecting 
Messrs. Nye ami Fiske ; and that any further communications he will please 
to make to me, I shall most gratefully acknowledge."' 



60 Letter from Rev. John Walrondto Rev. Wm. Waldron, [Jan 



LETTER FROM REV. JOHN WALRO\[) OF OTTERY, E\G.. TO REV. j 

WILLIAM WALDRON, MINISTER OF BOSTON, AND BROTHER 

OF SECRETARY WALDRON. 

Ottery, March 8, 17'2o-6. I 

"Rev. and ueak Sin, 

It was a very pleasant surprise to me to receive a Letter from ,' 
you, who no doubt are of the same Name and Family with myself, tho 1 a letter in 
it be transposed, and who by Dr. Mather's Character of you, are not the least in your | 
Father's I louse. 

I have made some Enquiry about the Somersetshire Branch of our Family, from 
whence yon are descended, but cannot exactly determine, tho' lam apt to think it * 
must he fiom one of those two Gentlemen, of which, one was Walrond, of Illbnvmi 
who had about five hundred Fennels pr. Annum or mure, and the other Walrondofj 
Sayc, of aboul the same Value, and 1 think both of I hem Justices of the peace, in that* 
County, one of them I am sure was so, viz., the former; both of them degenerated into' 
looseness of Living in Charles 2ds Reign, and both ruined their Estates and dyed poor, ! 
above twenty years since. Walrond of Illbrciccrs was a great persecutor of the Dis« 
senters, hut in the conclusion wanted bread. 

There is an honest family of about a hundred Pounds pr. annum, still living at 
Wellington, in Somerset, very excellent Men, great supports of Religion, and one of 
the Brothers ah' your Age, a very good young Minister, living now in Dorsetshire, 

The Head ofallour Family still remains in a good Estate,about a thousand Founds pr. 
Annum, from whom lam the second Generation. The seat is called Bradfidd in Devon. 

It was granted by the Crown, about six hundred years since, to one Richard Wale- 
rand, and has continued in the Family to this Day; The last Gentleman th it dyed was 
a very pious good Man, about eighty years of Age and an excellent Magistrate in his 
Country, that could at anytime lead three hundred Freeholders, to the Election of a 
Shire Knight; hut his sou is degenerate and very wicked: I conversed much with the 
old Gentleman, hut this is no Friend to my Profession. 

Another Branch sprung from Brad lie Id House in this county (beside those two fam- 
ilies in Somerset before mentioned) which is seated at 7,V<y, in the East of Devon, 
which Branch sprang from its Root about 340 years since, and now inherits at least, a 
thousand Pounds per Annum; This also has degenerated and hecome like other Gen- 
tlemen in England: For Religion indeed, is almost quite gone, out of the Familys of 
the Gentry, by Means of a loose and licentious Clergy. 

I never could iind any of our Name, in all England, hut in the Western Counties, and 
from thence, a Family went, as Merchants to Barbadoes, grew rich, and was in the 
Government there; and the last Gentleman a Batchelor seated himself at Greenwich 
near London, was morally honest and very charitable, hut having a great loss in the 
South Sea, of almost all his Money could not hear it, hut shot himself in the Head. 

Our Coat of Arms, is three Bulls Heads, as you'l see by my seal on this Letter, But 
Stcmaia quid faciunt? 

I find -our Name in Skinner's Etymologicon Linguae Anglicanae ; toward the end of 
which Book, in his Onomastichon, he has the word Walarand, oltm Praenomen nunc Cog- 
nomeri ab Jhiglo &dx Wai.iman, volmr, ct Rand, Scutum, volvcre scutum, i. c, qui Clypeum 
hue ilfi'.c circwiuigit. Waldron rf «/«.•//« cognomen contraction est a Walarand. I have tran- 
scribed what he says lest the Book should not be common with you. I wish yc- had 
let me know into what Family your Grandfather married, for that might perhaps tu ^ 
given Light into the Enquiry; however 1 will examine farther, and take the first 
opportunity to inform you, as I can get Intelligence; but I know of no male Posterity 
left of the two Somersetshire Familys that I mentioned above. 

lam much pleased with your Correspondence, and shall at any time be obliged by 
Letters from you, * * * send, by a worthy good Man, Capt. * * * who carries this 
(as I hope he will) from the * * * Exeter to Boston. As to any Ecclesiastical Infor- 
mations I must refer you to Dr. Mather's Letter which encloses this. May the Lord 
ot the Harvest prosper you and make you a burning and a shining Light. You and I 
are of one Family, Faith and Profession. Let us particularly pray for each other, tho' 
we should never see each others face on Earth. Oh that the God of all Grace, may 
excite us both, to work the Works, of him that sent us while it is Hay, that we may 
have a comfortable Requiem, from our Labors at last, and be accepted, when our Lord 
shall come, with which I conclude. 

Dear Sir, Your affect: Kinsman and Serv't, 

"To the Rev. Mr. William Waldron, John VValbohd." 

Minister in Boston." 

Notu. Where blanks occur in the last pan of the letter, the words \\ ere worn out in the original 



1847. 



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32 



A Family Record on this plan may be extended so as to include two, three, 
'more families, and contain all the births, marriages and deaths which have ha 
opened, up to the date of its formation. The figures in the first column dene 

the year of birth, marriage, or death; the other columns show the ages of eve 
•individual at the time of any birth, marriage, or death, of every other individu 

comprehended within the limits of the Table. 



08 



Genealogies* 



Jan 



i 



GENEALOGIES. 

y CHASE FAMILY. 

PREPAUED BY JOSHUA COFFIN, M. A. 

Among the early settlers of New England, were three persons by 
the name of Chase ; namely, William, Thomas, and Aquila. The first 
settled in Yarmouth, and there died, in 1659, leaving two sons, Benja] 
rnin and William. The last two were certainly brothers, as appears 
from a deed given in 1GG7 by Aquila to " the sons of his brother' 
Thomas." The name is found in various places in English history, '} 
from the time of William the Conqueror to the present time. Thus, 
we find in 132G a family of that name in Suffolk; a Thomas Chase, 
who was barbarously murdered in 1506; a Sir Robert Chase, Knight, 
in the West of England, 1628; a Sir John Chase in Exeter, prior to 
1637; a John Chase, Esq., Apothecary to Queen Anne, 1690, eVc. See 
Magna Britannia, Lysson's London, Polwheles' Devonshire, and other 
works. 



Thomas 1 and Aquila 1 Chase were among the first settlers of Hampton, 
N. II., in 1639. Thomas 1 there married Elizabeth Philbrick, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Philbrick. lie d. in 10-52, leaving five children, all 
sons ; namely, 

T. Thomas, 2 b. 1G13, d. a bachelor, Oct. 23, 1711. 
II. Joseph, 2 b. 1645, m. Rachel Partridge, Jan. 31, 1671, d. Jan. 12, 
1718. 

III. Isaac, 2 b. 1647, m. Mary Perkins of Hampton, d. May 9, 1727. 

IV. James, 2 b. 1649, m. Elizabeth Green, Sept. 2, 1G75, and d. . 

V. Abraham, b. 1651, was not married, and "wasslaine in y e warres," 

1G76. Elizabeth, the widow of Thomas 1 Chase, married John Gar- 
land, Oct. 2G, 1654, who died Jan. 4, 1671. She then married Judge 
Henry lloby, Feb. 19, 1674, and died Feb. 11, 1677. 

The children of Joseph 2 and Rachel Chase were as follows: 

I. Hannah, 3 b. June 5, 1G72, d. June 10, 1674. 
II. Elizabeth, 3 b. March 1 1, 1674, d. Sept. 8, 1G75. 

III. Jonathan, 3 b. March 14, 1G7G, and drowned, Feb. 1, 1G9G. 

IV. Anne, 3 b. Jan. 11, 1G77, m. Sinkler. 

V. Elizabeth, 3 b. Feb. 11, 1685, m. Benjamin Hilliard. 

VI. Rachel, 3 b. April 27, 1067, m. Jacob Freeze. 

The children of Isaac 2 and Mary were as follows : 

VII 



I. Thomas, 3 b. 1677. 

II. Rachel 3 b. 1678. 
Ill Isaac, 3 b. 1681. 
IV. Abraham, 3 b 1G33. 

V. Mary, 3 b. 1667. 
VI. James 3 b. 1GS8. 



Joseph, 3 b. 1GS9, m. 
Coffin, 1714. 
Jonathan, 3 b. 1691. 
Hannah, 3 b. 1693. 
Sarah, 3 b 1695. 
Priscilla, 3 1). 1G97. 



Lydia 



VIII. 

IX. 

X. 

XI. 

XII. Elizabeth, 3 b. 1703, d. 1719. 



1847.1 



Genealogies. 



69 



, The children of James'-' and Elizabeth Chase were as follows 



I. Abigail, 3 b. Aug. 27, 1G81, m. John Chase* of Newbury. 
II. Dorothy;' b. March 17, 1080, m. John Chapman, March I G, 170-5. 
III. Mary, 3 b. Feb S, 1068. 



Aquila 1 Chase, brotlier to Thomas 1 Chase, ra. Anne Wheeler, daughter 
of John Wheeler of Hampton, removed, in 1646, to Newbury, where 
he d., Aug. 29, 1070, aged 52. His widow, Anne, m. Daniel Mussi- 
loway, June 11, 1072, and d. May 19, 1G38. The children of Aquila 1 
and Anne Chase were as follows: 

I. Sarah, 3 b. , m. Charles Armis, May 15, 1GGG. 

II. Anne, 2 b. July 0, 1017, ra. Thomas Barber, April 27, 1671. 

III. Priscilla,- b. March 11, 1619, m. Abel Merrill, Feb. 10, 1070. 

IV. Mary, 2 b. Feb. 3, 1651, ra. John Stevens, March 9, 1009. 
V. Aquila, 2 b. Sept. 2G, 10-52, m. Esther Bond, ab. 1073. 

VI. Thomas,'-' 1). July 25, 1051, m, Rebecca Folktnsbee, Nov. 22, 1G77. 
VII. John,- b. Nov. 2, 1651, m. Elizabeth Bingley, May 23, 1077. 
VIM. Elizabeth, 2 b. Sept. 13, 1057. 
IX. Ruth,- b. March IS, 1000, d. May 30, 1070. 
X Daniel,- b. Dec. 9, 1661, ra. Martha Kimball, Aug. 25, 1683. 
XI. Moses, 2 b. Dec. 21, 1663, m. Anne Follansbee, Nov. 10, 1684. 

The children of Aquila 2 and Esther Chase were as follows: 

I. Esther, 3 b. Nov. 18, 1674, ra. Daniel Merrill. 
II. Joseph, 3 b. March 25, 107 7, m. Abigail Thurston, Nov. 8, 1C99. 
III. Priscilla; 1 b. Oct. 15, 1681, m. Joseph Hills, 1701. 






IV. Jei 

V. Rebecca, 3 b. 

VI. Anne, 3 b. — 

VII. Hannah, 3 b. 

VIII. Abigail,' 5 b. - 



— , a spinster. 

— , m. Jonathan Moulton, Dec. 5, 171 G. 

m. Abraham Foulsham, Oct. 27, 1703. 

— , ra. Joseph Hoyt. 

-, ra. Joseph Robinson. 



The children of Thomas 2 and Rebecca Chase were as follows : 

I. Thomas, 3 b. Sept. 15, 1GS0, m. Sara . 

II. Jonathan, 3 b. Jan. 13, 1683, m. Joanna Palmer, 1703. 

III. James, 3 b. Sept. 15, 1685, ra. Martha Rolfe, Dec. 17, 1707. 

IV. Aquila, 3 b. July \5, 1688, ra. Mary Smith, 1712, d. 1714. 

V. Ruth, 3 b. Feb. 28, 1691, m. Nathaniel Miller of Rehoboth, May 
29, 1710. 

VI. Mary, 3 b. Jan. 15, 1095, m. Horton. 

VIT. Rebecca, 3 !). April 20, 1700, m. Stephen Moulton, Dec. 14, 1721. 

VIII. Judith, 3 b. , m. Horton. 

IX. Lizza, 3 b. , m. Benjamin Rogers, Aug. 17, 1732. 

X. Josiah, 3 b. July 15, 1097, d. young. 

. XI. Nathan, 3 b, , 1702, m. Judith Sawyer, Nov. 29, 1723, then 

Joanna Cheney, Dec. 30, 1710, and then Ruth Davis, June 
9, 1703. 
Thomas 2 Chase m. for his second wife Elizabeth Mooers, Aug. 2, 1713. 



! 



* Son of John Chase, and grandson of Aquila Chase of Newbury, 



70 



Genealogies* 



[Jan, I 



The children of John 2 and Elizabeth Chase were as follows: 

I. William, 3 b. .Ian. 3, 1079. 

II. Phili|V b. Sept. 23, 1GSS, m. Mary Follansbee, April 17, 1712. 
III. Charles, 3 b. Jan. 12, 1 090, and in. Ilepzibah Carr, July lo, 1711 



IV. Jacob, 3 b. — 

V. Abraham,' 1 b, 

VI. Phebe, 3 b. — 

VII. Mary, 8 b. — 

VIII. Lydia, 8 b. — 



IX. Elizabeth, 
X. John, 3 b. - 



— , in. lluth Morse, Now 10, 1710. 

, m. Tucker. 

m. Joseph Safford, July 30, 1728. 
in. William Blay, Nov. 5, 17:21. 



•, m. Abigail Chase of Hampton, N. II. 



John" Chase m. for his second wife Lyclia 

XI. David, 3 son of John and Lydia, b. Oct. 20, 1710. 

The children of Daniel 2 and Martha Chase were as follows : 

I. Martha," b. Aug. 18, 10S1, m. David Lawson, Aug. 3, 1710. 
II. Sara, 3 b. July 18, 1GS0, m. Francis Danford, Nov. 17, 1711. 

III. Dorothy,'' b. Jan. 21, 1089. 

IV. Isaac, 3 b. Jan. 19, 1091, in. Hannah Berrv, Oct. 29, 1710. 
V. Lydia, 3 b. Jan. 19, 109:3, in. William Evans, Jan. 30, 1710. 

VI. Mehetabel, 3 b. Jan. 19, 109-3, m. Timothy Osgood of Salisbury, 

Nov. 19, 171,3. 
VII. Judith,' b. Feb. 19, 1097, m. John Tattle of Lebanon, 1713. 
VIII. Abiier, 3 b. Oct. 15, 1099. 
IX. Daniel, 3 b. Oct. 1-3, 1702, in. Mary Carpenter, Jan., 1723, and 
for his second wife, Elizabeth Collins of Salisbury, Feb., 
1720. 

X. Enoch, 3 b. , m. Judith Colby, 1720. 

Daniel- d. Feb. 8, 1707. His widow Martha m. Josiah Heath of Haver- 
hill, 1713. 



The children of Moses 3 and Anne Chase were as follows : 

I. | ( Moses, 3 b. Sept. 20, 108-3, d. young. 

II. £ ( Daniel, 3 b. Sept. 20, 10--3, m. Sarah March, Jan. 2, 1700. 

III. Moses, 3 b. Jan. 20, L6S8, m. Elizabeth Wells, Oct. 2, 1709. 

IV. Samuel, 3 b. May 13, 1090, m. Hannah Emery, Dec. 8, 1713. 
V. Elizabeth, 3 b. Sept. 2<3, 1093. 

VI. Stephen, 3 b. Aug. 29, 1090, m. Sarah Hale, Dec, 1717. 
VII. Hannah, 3 b. Sept. 13, 1099, m. Timothy Jackman, April 9, 1723. 
VIII. Joseph, 3 b. Sept. 9, 1703, m. Mary Morss, Sept. 7, 1721. 
IX. Benoni, 3 b. April 6, 1708, m. Mary Uogers, Sept. 4, 1728. 
Moses 2 Chase m. for his second wife, Sarah Jacobs of Ipswich, 1713. 

The children of John 3 and Abigail 3 Chase of Hampton were as 
follows : 

I. James, 4 b. July 28, 109S. 

II. Jonathan, 4 ]). Sept. 21, 1700. 

III. Elizabeth, 4 b. April 13, 1703. 

IV. Elihu, 4 b. Sept. 7, 170-3. 

V. John, 4 b. Sept. 18, 1708, and m. Anna Runlet, March 27, 1729. 
VI. Hannah, 4 b. May 10, 1711. 



I 



■'■■ 












1*17.1 Genealogies. 71 

DUDLEY FAMILY. 

Thomas Dudley, son of Capt. Roger Dudley, was born in England 
in 1-376; came to New England in L030; was several years Governor 
of Massachusetts Colony, and died at Roxbury, .Inly 31, IG33, aged 77. 
His tirst wife, or the one who came with him, died in 1G13. Samuel, 
Anne, Patience, and Mercy were probably children by her. lie mar- 
ried again before 1015, and had by his second wife live children more. 
His children by both wives were as follows : 

I. Samuel, b. in England, 1 GOG, who was a minister and was m. to 
IMary Winthrop about 1 033, and had children, — 

1. Thomas, bapt. March 9, 1G3-1, grad. II. C. 1G51, d. Nov. 
7, 1055. 

2. John, bapt. June 2S, 1.G35. 

3. Samuel, bapt. Am:. 2, 1G39, d. April, 10 13. 
•1. Anne, b. Oct. 10, IG4.1, who m. Edward Hilton and had 

§ children, Winthrop, Dudley, Joseph, and others. 

5. Theophilus, b. Oct., 1011. 
0. .Alary, b. April 21, 1010, d. Oct. 23, 1010. 
7. Biley, b. Sept. 27, 1017. 
S. IMary 2nd, b. Jan. 0, 1019. 
Mary, the 1st wile of Rev. Samuel Dudley, d. at Salisbury, 
(where the -1th. 5th, 0th, 7th, and bth children were born,) April 
12, 1013. He d. at Exeter before March 20, 1GS3, a. 77. His 
settlement in the ministry there was in 1050. 
II. Anne, who m. Gov. Simon Bradstrcet. She had 8 children and 
d. Sept. 10, 1072. 

III. Patience, who m. Maj, Cien. Denison. 

IV. Mercy, who m. Rev John Woodbridgc. She was b. Sept. 27, 
1021," and d. July 1, 1691, a. 70. 

y. ( w ho m. Maj. Benjamin Keavne of Boston, who d. 10G8. 

VL Dorothy, who d. Feb. 27, 1013. 
VII. Deborah, b. at Roxbury, Feb. 27, 1015. 

VIII. Joseph, b. Sept. 23, 1017, who was Governor of Massachusetts, 
and m. a daughter of Edward Tyng, and had children, — 

1. Thomas, b. at Roxbury," Feb. 20, 16G9-70, grad. II. C. 
10^5. 

2. Edward, b. at Roxburv, Sept. -1, 1071. 

3. Taiil, b. at Roxbury, Sept. 3, 1075, grad. H. C. 1000. He 
was a Tutor and Fellow of the College, and also, Fellow of 
the Royal Society in England and Chief Justice of Massa- 
chusetts, lie d. Jan. 21, 1751, a. 75. 

4. Samuel, b. at Roxbury, Sept., 1077. 

5. John, b. at Roxbury, Feb. 28, 1075-79. 
0. Rebecca, b. May 15, 1681, who m. Samuel Se wall, Jr., 

and d. April 11, 1701, "a. 79. 

7. Catharine, b. June 2, 1053. 

S. Ann, b. Aug. 27, 1GS1, 

9. William, b. Oct. 20, 1GSG, who grad. II. C. 170 1, and m. 
eldest dan. of Judge Davenport, March 10, 1721, and was a 
colonel. He had two sons : Thomas, who grad. II C. 1750, 
ami Joseph, who grad. II. C. 1751, was an Attorney at Law 
in Boston, and d. Sept. 27, 1707, a. 35. 



72 



EjritapJiSi 



[Jan. 



10. Daniel, b. Feb. 1, 1G69. 
l i. Catharine 2nd, b. .Ian. 5, 1G90. 

12. Mary, b. Nov. 2, LGU2, who m. Francis Wain wright, 
who d. 1722, and afterwards in. Josepn Atkins, 1730. 
IX. Paul, 1). at Roxbury, Sept. 8, IG50, who m. Mary Leverett, dau. 
of (<ov. Levcrett, and had children, — 

1. Paul, 1). at Boston, March 1, 1G77. 

2. Thomas, who alone, with one in expectation, is men- 
tioned in his will of Feb. 10, 1G81. {Probate Records in 
Boston, Vol VI. p. 303.) 

'J. One posthumous. 






EPITAPHS* 

Here is interred the remains of 

James Minott, Esq., A. M. an 

Excelling Grammarian, Enriched 

with the Gift of Prayer and Preaching, 

a Commanding Ollieer, a Physician of 

Great Value, a Great Lover of Peace 

as well as of Justice, and which was 

His greatest Glory, a Gent'n of distinguished 

Virtue and Goodness, happy in a Virtuous 

Posterity, and living Religiously, Died 

Comfortably, Sept. 20, 1735, /Et. 83. 



Here lyes the remains of 

Major Jonathan Prescott, Esq., 

a Gentleman of virtue and merit, an accomplisht physitian, 

but excelling in chirurgery. 

Of uncommon sagacity, penetration, and success in his practice. 

and so of very extensive service. 

But his life was much valued, and his death very generally lamented. 

He married the amiable and only daughter of the 

Honorable Colonel Peter Bulk ley, Esq., 

by whom he had ten children. 

He was removed from ministring to men's bodies, to the world of spirits, 

October 28th, 1729, zLtatis sua. 1 54. 



Here lyes the Body of Rev. Mr. Christopher Totpan, Master of Arts, 



fourth Pastor of the First Church in Newbury 

con: 

am 

Ji 



conspicuous Piety and Virtue, shining both by his Doctrine and Li 
ind greatly improved in the Practice of Physick and Surgery, who 
July 23, 1747, in the 76th year of his age, ami the 51st of his Pastora 



7 - ; — . 

a Gentleman of good Learning. 
Doctrine and Life, skilled 
deceased, 
1 Oilice. 



* The first two monumental inscriptions were taken from the burying-- ground in Concord, 
Ms., and the last one from the graveyard in Newbury, Ms. 



IS 17.1 



Instances of Longevity in Belfast, Me. 



73 






INSTANCES OF LONGEVITY IN BELFAST, .ME. 



The names of aged persons who died in this town before 1S27 
their respective ages and the times of their decease, are here ins 

Of these individuals it has been said, " In their man hits 
exhibited a model of perfect plainness and simplicity, indicati 
contentment. and a cheerful disposition; and so cordial was the 
ccption of those who visited them, that with truth it might be 
they were given to hospitality. Their descendants read the per 
Burns with a keen relish, ami are enthusiastic admirers of the Sc 
Bard." 



1704. James Miller, 

1795. John Steele, 

171)7. William McLaughlin, 

1800. Margaret Cochran, 

1802. John Tufts, 

a Grissel Jameson, 

1807. Solon Stevenson, 

1810. Mary Brown, 

1812. James Gordon, 

1815. William Lowney,* 

1817. Patrick Gilbert, 



a Lie 



8'2 

84 
Hi) 

8 



1817. 
1810. 
18 'JO. 
1821. 

96 1 18*22. 
i:\[ 1823. 



1824. 



1826. 



John Brown, 
Samuel Houston, 
Jerome Stevenson, 
Elizabeth Jones, 
Laughlin McDonald,! 
(IcuiL'i' Cochran, 
John Durham, 
James Patterson, 
Jonathan Clark, 
Susan Sturtevant, 
Nathaniel Patterson, 



, with 
erted. 

they 
ve of 
ir re- 

said, 
ms of 
ottish 

led 8 (J 
"" 92 
u g 2 

" 84 

" 110 

" 85 

" 74 

" 80 

« 78 

" 84 

" 70 



1826. Agnes Robinson, aged 89. 



In the year 1827, there were thirteen persons living in Belfast, whose 
average age was 62 years, 7 months, and 11 days. Their respective 
names and ages were as follows : 

Samuel Cunningham, 
William Cunningham, 
Robert Patterson, 
Jane Patterson, 
John Cochran, 



West, 



?ed 88 


John Burgess, 


aged 92 


kt 86 


Nathaniel Stanley, 


" 82 


" 85 


Alexander Clark, 


" 81 


" 77 


Elisha Clark, 


<• 81 


" 78 


Tolford Durham, 


" 81 


" Hi) 


A nn is Cochran, 


'" 80 



Elizabeth Campbell, aged 82* 



The above is an extract from White's History of Belfast, Me. 



SCRAPS FROM INTERLEAVED ALMANACS. 

1038. This year arrived 20 ships and 3,000 passengers. 

March 16, 10 17. Mary Martin executed at Boston for numbering 
her child. 

June 15, 1648. AliceJ Jones was executed at Boston for witchcraft. 
This was the first execution of the kind in New England. 

March 20, 1019. Mr. John Winthrop, Gov., dyed. 

Aug. 21, 1619. Mr. Shcpard of Camb. dyed. 

Nov. 21. 1650. 12 or 13 houses in Charlcstown was burnt. 



* Mr. Lowney was graduated at Dublin College. 

j McDonald was born in Scotland, aiul entered the army while -a boy ; his pge is not pos- 
itively ascertained. He remembered having sent the Duke of Marlborough, who died 
ninety-nine year- before he did ; he came lo America in General Wolfe's army in 17o'J, and 
after Quebec was reduced, went to Bucksport, and I he nee to Belfast. The lowest estimate 
of his ago, made by his relatives, has been taken. 

| Winthrop and others say JSLirgaret., 

















; 











74 



Decease of the Fathers of New England. 



[Jan. 



DECEASE OF THE FATHERS OF NEW ENGLAND. 

Chronologically arranged. 

1630. 

Aug. C, Rev. Francis Higginson d. at Salem, a. 43. 
Sept. 20, Dr. William Gager, surgeon, d. at Charlestown. 
Sept. 30, Isaac Johnson, an Assistant, d. at Boston. 
Oct. 23, Edward Rossiter, an Assistant. 

1G31-2. 
Feb, 10, Capt. Robert Welden d. at Charlestown. 

163-1. 

Aug. 2, Rev. Samuel Skelton d. at Salem; the first pastor who died 
in New England, the term pastor being used in contradistinction to 
teacher. 

1635. 

Aug. 14, Rev. John Avery was drowned.' 

1G3G. 
Feb. 3, Rev. John Maverick of Dorchester d. at Boston, a. GO. 



April 



1G38. 
Nicholas Danforth d. at Cambridge. 



Sept. 14, Rev. John Harvard, founder of Harvard College, d. at 
Charlestown. 
Nov. 17, Roger Ilarlakenden, an Assistant, d. at Cambridge. 
Dec. 21, John Masters. 

1641. 

Aug. 9, Rev. Jonathan Burr of Dorchester d., a. 37. 

Rev. Henry Smith of Wethersfield. ( Air. Savage says he 
died in 1G48.) 

1644. 

April 1G, Elder "William Brewster of Plymouth d., a. 64. 
July 1, Rev. George Phillips of Watertown. 

Israel Stoughton, an Assistant, d. in England. 

John Atwood, an Assistant of Plymouth Colony. 
Sept. 4, Rev. Ephraim Ilewett of Windsor, Ct. 
Hon. George Wyllys of Hartford, Ct. 

1G4G. 
April 12, John Oliver, (II C. 1645,) d. at Boston, a. 29. 

1G47. 
July 7, Rev. Thomas Hooker of Hartford, Ct., d., a. G2. 

(To be continued.) 






m 



1917.' 



Governor Bradstreet, 



75 











Governor Bradstroet's House. 



GOVERNOR BRADSTREET. 

Simon Brad street, son of a non-conforming minister, was born March, 1603, 
at Horblin, Lincolnshire. His father ijied when he was fourteen years old, and 
he was committed to the care of Hon. Thomas Dudley, for eight years following. 
He spent one year at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, pursuing his studies 
amidst various interruptions. Leaving Cambridge, he resided in the family of 
the Karl of Lincoln, as his steward, and afterwards lived in the same capacity 
with the Countess of Warwick. lie with Mr. Winthrop, Mr. Dudley, and others, 
agreed to emigrate, and form a settlement in Massachusetts; and being 
appointed an Assistant, he with his family and others went on board the 
Arbella, March 29, 1030; anchored. June 12, near Naumkeak, now Salem, 
went on shore, but returned to the vessel at night; came, on the 14th, into the 
inner harbor, and went on shore. He attended the first Court, Aug. 23, at 
Charlestown, 

In the spring of 1631, Mr. Bradstreet with other gentlemen commenced 
building at Newtown, now Cambridge, and his name is among those constitut- 
ing the first company, which settled in that town in 1632. He resided there 
several years. In 1639, the Court granted him odd acres of land in Salem, in 
the next convenient place to Gov. Endicott's farm. It appears that he resided a 
short time at Ipswich. 

Mr. Bradstreet was among the first settlers of Andover, and was highly useful 
in promoting the settlement, in hearing the burdens incident to a new planta- 
tion, and in giving a right direction to its affairs. About the year 1644, he built 
the first mill on the Coc'hichewick. lie was a selectman from the first record 
of town officers to 1072, soon after which, he probably spent most of his time 
in Boston ami Salem. He was the first Secretary of the colony, and discharged 
the duties of the cilice many years. He was one of the first Commissioners of 
the United Colonies in 1643, and served many years with fidelity and useful- 
ness in this office. In 1653, he with his colleague vigorously opposed making 
war on the Dutch in New York, and on the Indians; and it was prevented by 
his steady ami conscientious opposition and the decision of the General Court 
of Massachusetts, though earnestly and strenuously urged by all the Commis- 
sioners of the other three colonies. 

He was Deputy Governor from 1672 to 1079, when he was elected Governor, 
and continued in office till Mr. Joseph Dudley, his nephew, was appointed, in 
1686, head of the administration, and the government was changed and the 
Charter annulled. 



7G 



Governor Bradstreet* 



an. 



Gov. Bradstreet was considered at the head of the moderate party ; and, when 
the Charter was demanded by King Charles, he thought it better that it should 
bo surrendered, than that it should be taken away by judgment, as in that case 
it might be more; easily resumed. 

He strenuously opposed the arbitrary proceedings of Androsj and when, in 
10S!), the people put down his authority, they made their old Governor their 



President. He continued at the head of the administration till May, 1692, at 
the advanced age of H!) years, when Sir William Phi pa arrived from Engla 
with the new Charter, in which Sir William was appointed Governor, and 1 
Bradstreet first Assistant. He had been in service in the ; 



overninent sixty-two 
18 



l/IUU llM.^l III. It *ITTI.^l*»lIl. Ji^' IMIU . ' \ v ! I til . J i . I » 1 i V, 1.1 UK' ,_Wl\_lilllll III . > I » fc J kl» 

years, excepting the short administrations of Dudley and Andres. No man in th 
country has continued in so high oflices so many years, and to so advanced ay 
as he. He was a popular magistrate, and was opposed to the witch delusion in 
1692, which caused great alarm and distress at the commencement of Gov. 
Phips' administration. " He lived to be the Nestor of New England," for all 
who came over from England with him, died before him. 



The following inscription is on the monument 
Bradstreet : 



erected in Salem to Gov 



SIMON BRADSTREET, 

Arrniger, ex online Senatoris in Colonia Massachuseltensi ab anno 1030, usque ad 
annum 1073. Deinde ad annum 1070, Vice-Gubernator. Denique, ad annum 10SG, 
ejusdem cokmiae, communi et constanti populi suiFragio, 

GU BERN AT OR. 

Vir, jiulicio- Lyneeaiio praeditus; quern nee numma, nee honos allexit. Regis auc- 
toritatem, et pepuli h'bertatem, acqua lanee libravit. Religione cordatus, vita innoc- 
uus, mundum et vicit et deseruit, :.'7 die Martii, A. D. 1G'J7, annoque Guliel ; 31. IX. et 
/Et. ( J4. 






Gov. Bradstreet was married in England to Miss Ann Dudley, daughter of 
Mr. Thomas Dudley, when she was sixteen years old. She is the most distin- 
guished of the early matrons of our country by her literary powers, of which 
proof is given in a volume of poems. It was dedicated to her father in poetry, 
dated March 20. 10-12. The title of the book is, '• Several poems, compiled 
with great variety of wit and learning, full of delight; wherein especially is 
contained a complete discourse and description of the four elements, constitut- 
ing ages of man, seasons of the year, together with an exact epitome of the 
three first monarchies, viz., the Assyrian, Persian, Grecian, and Roman com- 
monwealth, from the beginning to the end of their last king, with divers other 
pleasant and serious poems. By a Gentlewoman of New England.*' A second 
edition of it was printed at Boston, 1078, by John Foster, in a respectable 
12mo of 255 pp., and a third edition was published in 175S. The work does 
honor to her education, by her frequent allusions to ancient literature and His- 
torical facts, and to her character, as a daughter, a wife, a parent, and Chris- 
tian. This volume is a real curiosity, though no reader, free from partiality of 
friendship, might coincide with the commendation of her in the funeral eulogy 
of John Norton : 



; Could Maro's muse but hear her lively strain, 
He would condemn his works to tiro again. 

I Tor breast was a bravo palace, a broad street ', 
Where all heroic, ample thoughts did meet, 
"Where nature had such a tenement ta'en, 
That other souls, to her's, dwell in a lace." 



Dr. Mather, in his Magnnlia, giv( 

poems, divers times printed, have afforded a grateful entertainment unto 
ingenious, and a monument for her memory beyond the stateliest marbles.' 



high commendation of her, " whose 

the 



1317.] Sketches of Alumni 77 

Their childrort were as follows : 
1. Samuel, who had two daughters b. in Boston, 1003, 1665. 
?. Simon, who \v;is settled in the ministry in Now London, Ct. 
3. Dudley of Andover. 
•1. John, who was b. in Andover, July 31, 1G32, and settled in Salem. 

5. Ann, who m. Mr. Wiggin of Exeter. 

6. Dorothy, who m. Rev. Seaborn Cotton, Hampton, June 25, lG.j-1. 

7. Hannah, who m. Mr. Andrew Wigijin, Exeter, June 1-1, 1G59. 

8. Mary, who m. Mr. Nathaniel Wade, Nov. 11, 1G72. 
Mrs. Brads treet died in Andover, Sept. 16, 1672, aged GO. 

Gov. Bradstreet married for his second wife, a sister of Sir George Downing, 
who was in the first class that graduated at Harvard College, and was ambas- 
sador of Cromwell and Charles II. to Holland. See Abbot's History of Andover. 



SKETCHES OF ALUMNI AT THE DIFFERENT COLLEGES 
IN NEW ENGLAND. 

HON. WILLIAM CRANCH OF WASHINGTON, D. C. 

Judge Crancfi was born at the house of his mother's father, the 
Rev. William Smith, of Weymouth, Ms., July 17, 1769; and was 
baptized by him the Sabbath following, as appears by the church 
records.^ He had no brother, but two sisters, and these were older 
than himself. The elder sister, Elizabeih, married the Rev. Jacob 
Norton, who succeeded Mr. Smith in the pastoral office. The oilier 
sister married Mr. John Greenleaf, who resides at Quiney, Ms. 
Mrs. Greenleaf died Feb. 18, 1846. 

His father, Richard Craneh, was born in Kingsbridge, near 
Exeter in Devonshire, England, in November, 1720, and was the 
son of John, the son of Andrew, the son of Richard, all of Devon- 
shire. He was one of six sons, and was bound as an apprentice 
to a maker of wool-cards ; but, at the age of 20, purchased the 
remainder of his time, and came to this country in 1746, with Gen- 
eral Joseph Palmer, who had married his sister. Being fond of 
books, he became a learned man, received an honorary degree of 
M. A. from "Harvard University, was elected a member of the 
American Academy of Arts and Sciences, sustained several im- 
portant public ofTiees, and was for many years a member of the 
Legislature and a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas. lie 
died in 1811, in his 85th year. 

His mother was Mary, the eldest daughter of the Rev. William 
Smith of Weymouth, and granddaughter of Col. John Quiney of 
Mount Wollaston, in that part of Braintree since incorporated by 
the name of Quiney, in honor of his memory. There is now no 
lineal descendant from him of the name of Quiney. The next 
daughter of Mr. Smith was Abigail, who became the wife of the 
late President Jdhn Adams; and the other daughter was Eliza- 

* His parents' residence at that time was in Beaton. 



73 Sketches of Alumni [Jan. 

bcth, who married the Rev. John Shaw of Haverhill, Ms., and 
after his death, the Rev. Stephen Peabody of Atkinson, N. II. She 
died April 9, 1815, aged 65. She had three children by her first 
husband, William Smith, Elizabeth Quincy, and Abigail Adams. 
The son was the principal founder of the Boston Aihenamm. He 
was born Aug. 12, 1778, graduated II. C. 1708, and died 1826. 
The first daughter was born .May 26, 1780, and died Sept. 4, 1798, 
affed 18. The last daughter is the wife of Rev. Joseph 13. Felt of 
this city. 

The great-grandmother of the subject of this sketch, the wife of 
Col. John Quincy, who died July 13, 1707, was Mary Norton, ihe 
daughter of the Rev. John Norton of Hingham, whose genealogy 
is distinctly traced back to the lime of William the Conqueror. 

We cannot trace the ancestors of Judge Cranch's father back 
further than his grandfather's grandfather. They all appear to have 
been Dissenters, firm republicans, and honest men, but in humble 
life. His grandfather, John Cranch, was a farmer and a freeholder; 
the others seem to have been manufacturers of woollens. John 
Cranch, the naturalist, who was, at the recommendation of Sir 
Joseph Banks, sent out in the expedition to Egypt, where he died, 
was his second cousin. His father's mother was Elizabeth Pcarse, 
daughter of Christopher Pearse and Margery Triste. 

In April, 177o, his Hither removed from Boston to that part of 
Braintree now called Quincy, where he resided until his death. He 
died on the 16th, and his wife on the 17th, of October, 1811, and 
both were buried on the same day, the 19th. A sermon was deliv- 
ered on the occasion by the Rev. Peter Whitney, which was printed. 

Judge Cranch prepared for college under the instruction of his 
uncle, the Rev. John Shaw of Haverhill, and entered the Freshman 
class, six months in advance, in February, 1781. Having gradu- 
ated at Harvard College, he, July, 1787, entered the office of Judge 
Dawes of Boston, who was then a praclitioner in the courts of 
Massachusetts, where be read law three years, and in July, 1790, 
was admitted to practice in the Court of Common Pleas. He 
opened an office in Braintree, now Quincy, but at the close of the 
first year, upon the death of his relative, John Thaxter, Esq., who 
had been in the practice of the law at Haverhill, Ms., he was 
induced by his friends to remove to that place, and take his office, 
and complete his unfinished business; which, with the confidence 
reposed in him by the Hon. Nathaniel Peaslee Sergeant, then one 
of the Justices of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, 
who appointed him sole executor o( his will, introduced him into 
practice, and enabled him to support himself and pay all demands 
held against him. For three years, he attended the courts in Essex 
county in Massachusetts and Rockingham eovmly in New Hamp- 
shire, and was admitted to practice in the Supreme Judicial Court 
in July, 1793. 

In September, 1791, he was employed to superintend the affairs 
of Morr'iSj Nicholson, and. Gre'cnleaf, under their great contracts in 



1317.] at the different Colleges in New England. 



79 



the Cily of Washington, to which place he removed in October of 
that year, and has continued to reside in that place until the present 
lime. 

In April, 1795, he was connected in marriage with Nancy 
Greenleaf, daughter of the late William Greenleaf of Bosloiij and 
moved his wife to Washington, in May. 

They have been the parents of 13 children, 3 of whom died in 
infancy. The names of the other ten were 1. William Greenleaf; 
2. Richard; 3. Ann Allen; 4. Marv; 5. Elizabeth Eliot; G. John ; 
7. Edward Pope ; S. Christopher Pearse ; 9. Abby Adams ; 10. 
Margaret Dawes. Richard was drowned in Lake Erie, while in the 
discharge of his duty as an assistant-engineer, surveying the harbor, 
in his 29th year, unmarried. Ann Allen died in April, 1^:21, of con- 
sumption, aged 22, also unmarried. Mary married Richard Cranch 
Norton, and died when her first child was one week old, in July, 
1S21, aged 20. Her husband died in October of the same year. 

The other 7 children are still living. Elizabeth married Rufus 
Dawes, a son of the late Judge Dawes of Boston. Abby Adams 
married the Rev. William G. Eliot of St. Louis, Missouri, where 
they reside and have a number of children. William has been a 
clerk in the Patent Office. lie was two years at Harvard University ; 
but his delicate health and feeble constitution obliged him to leave 
his studies in his Junior year. The other sons were educated at 
the Columbian College in the District of Columbia. John spent 
three or four years in Italy, in drawing and painting, to perfect his 
knowledge of these branches, and now resides in Boston, where 
he pursues the employment of drawing and painting. Edward 
Pope is settled in Cincinnati as a lawyer. Christopher Pearse has 
been a preacher of the Gospel, but has lately turned his attention to 
portrait painting, and is now in Italy. Mrs. Cranch deceased 
Sept. 17, 1S43. 

In the year 1800, Judge Cranch was appointed one of the Com- 
missioners of the City of Washington, which office he resigned in 
1801, when he was, by President Adams, appointed the junior 
assistant Judge of the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, 
under the act of Congress of Feb. 27, 1801 ; the late Governor 
Thomas Johnson of Maryland, who had been one of the Commis- 
sioners of the City of Washington, having been appointed Chief 
Judge ; and Mr. James Marshall, brother of the late Chief Justice 
Marshall, having been appointed elder assistant Judge. Gov. John- 
son refused to accept the ollice ; and Mr. Jefferson appointed Wil- 
liam Kitty, Esq., Chief Judge. Mr. Marshall resigned in 1S03, and 
Nicholas Fitzhugh, Esq., of Virginia, was appointed in his place. 

In 180o, Mr. Kitty having been appointed Chancellor of Mary- 
land, Judge Cranch was appointed by Mr. Jefferson, to the oiliee of 
Chief Justice, which oiliee lie now holds; and by virtue of thai 
office is sole Judge of the District Court of the United Stales, for 
the District of Columbia, which has the same jurisdiction as the 
other District Courts of the United States have, 



80 



Sketches of Alumni 



[Jan. 



Tie lias published nine volumes of Reports of eases in the 
Supreme Court of the United Slates, a Memoir of the life, charac- 
ter, and writings of President John Adams, (70 pages,) read before 
the Columbian Institute, March 16, K s 'i7, and an Address upon the 
subject of Temperance, in 1831, a small pamphlet. 

Judge Cranch is a Member of the American Academy of Arts 
and Sciences, and of the American Antiquarian Society, lie has 
received also the degree of Doctor oi Laws from Harvard College. 

PROFESSOR EBENEZER ADAMS OF HANOVER, N. II. 

Professor Adams was the son of Ephraim Adams of New Ips- 
wich, N. II., who was a highly respectable man, having been a 
magistrate, an officer in the church, and a representative of the town. 
He was born in that place, Oct. 2, 1765. The father was a native 
of Ipswich, Ms., born in that part of the town which is now Hamil- 
ton. He was brought up on the farm which was first occupied by 
his ancestor, one of the eight sons of Henry Adams, who came to 
this country from Devonshire, England, and settled in that part of 
Braintrcc now called Quincy, about the year 1630. The father of 
Dea. Adams, whose baptismal name was Thomas, was either the 
grandson or great-grandson of this ancestor. The first wife of 
Dea. Adams was Rebecca, daughter of .lames Locke, who was a 
native of Wpbur-n, Ms., and died in Ashby, Ms. The name of his 
second wife is not known. The children of Dea. Adams were 
fifteen in number. 

The subject of this sketch fitted for college at the Academy in 
New Ipswich, under the care of Hon. John Hubbard, who was 
afterwards Professor in Dartmouth College. Having graduated 
at that institution in 1791, with high reputation as a scholar, 
especially in mathematics and philosophy, he went immediately 
into the Academy at Leicester, Ms., where he spent fifteen years, 
fourteen of which he was the Principal. In 1806, he took charge of 
the Academy at Portland, Me., which he left after a year and a half, 
having accepted the Professorship of Mathematics in Phillips 
Academy, Exeter. In 1809 he was appointed Professor of the 
Languages in Dartmouth College, and in 1*10, upon the deaih of 
Professor Hubbard, he was transferred to the department of Math- 
ematics and Natural Philosophy, and continued in that olliee until 
1833 — twenty-three years — when he was induced by advancing 
age and infirmities to resign all active and responsible service in 
the College; his connection with it since being simply that of 
Professor Emeritus, which continued until his death. 

Professor Adams possessed great constitutional energies, both 
physical and mental. These he carried into active life. As an 
instructor he was able and accurate. No one surpassed him in 
faith fulness, and hence it was proverbial that he made thorough 
scholars. In the languages he was good, but in Mathematics and 
Philosophy he excelled as a teacher. 



v.'f 



■ 

I 
1 1 












■ 



■ ' 



IS 17.] at the (liferent Colleges in New England. Si 









As would naturally be expected, he look a lively interest in all 
efforts made to promote the cause of literature, the sciences, and the 
arts, and was connected with several literary associations. He was 
an original Member of ihc Northern Academy of Arts and Sciences, 
and took an active part at the time of its formation, as presiding 
c-llicer. lie was also a .Member of the New Hampshire Historical 
I Society, the American Antiquarian Society, the American Academy 
of Arts and Sciences, the Maryland Academy of Sciences and 
Literature, and the Royal Society of Northern Antiquaries, Copen- 
hagen. He was a Trustee of Kimball Union Academy in Plain- 
field, and sustained the of lice of President of the Board of Trustees 
twenty years, and, for about as long a time, he was President of the 
New Hampshire Bible Society. 

Professor Adams was twice married. TTis first wife was Alice 
Frink, daughter of Dr. John Frink, a distinguished physician of Rut- 
land, Ms., by whom he had five children, Alice A., Adeline A., John, 
Charles A. and Harriet R., of whom John only is now living. He 
graduated at Dartmouth College in J *17, and is now a practising 
attorney in Mobile, Ala. His second wife was Bculah Minot, 
daughter of Dr. Timothy Minot of Concord, Ms. By her he had 
two children, Eliza M. and Ebenezer. The daughter is now the 
wife of Prof. Ira Young. Ebenezer was graduated at Dartmouth 
College in 1831, and died in July, 1837. Of seven children, there- 
fore, two only survive. The last .Airs. Adams still lives, and 
resides with her daughter, Mrs. Young. 

Professor Adams "was one of the few remaining old school 
citizens and scholars of New England, and was hardly surpassed 
by any of that venerable class of men in intelligence, patriotism, 
and Christian virtue." He possessed a well balanced. mind, "was 
judicious, magnanimous, and firm. 1 ' He died calm and happy in 
the triumphs of religion, August 15, 1841, in the 70th year ol his 






age, from ossification of the heart. 



HON. JAMES SAVAGE OF BOSTON. 



The subject of this sketch was born July II, 1781, in Boston, 
where his progenitors since 1635 have always lived. His father 
was Habijah, and his mother, Elizabeth, daughter of John 1 udor. 
Of eight children, five sous and three daughters, born before him, 
two sons died in infancy ; the rest attained full age, as did also two 
sons younger than himself. 

His mother died before he arrived at his fourth year of age; and 
his father, by reason of ill health, was unable to take charge of him 
in his early education. The Rev. Dr. Thacher preached on the 
occasion o( his mother's death from Psalms xxvii: 10 — " When my 
father anil viy mother forsake me, then the Lord will take me up" 

The father of Mr. Savage was son of Thomas, by hi^ first wife, 
Deborah Briggs, who was, it is believed, a granddaughter o( John 
Gushing, one of the Judges of the Superior Court of the Province 
of Massachusetts Pay. John, his father's elder brother, was father 



82 



Sketches of Alumni 



[Jan. 






of Thomas of York, Me., from whom descended ihe Savages in 
Bangor. His grandfather's second wife, was Sarah Checver, who 
survived him nearly fifty-one years. One of their children was the 
late Ezeiriel Savage, Esq., of Salem, II. C. L77S, father of Rev. ' 
Thomas Savage of Bedford, N. J L, II. C. 1813, and several other 
children, of whom one, Sarah, distinguished herself by the compo- 
sition of some interesting hooks. 

Ilabijah, father of Mr. Savage's grandfather Thomas, was 
educated at Harvard College, where he received his first degree, in 
1695. He married Hannah, who had been a short time widow of 
Anderson. She was a daughter of Samuel Phillips, distin- 
guished among booksellers in .Boston one hundred and lifty years 
ago, as John Dunlon mentions in the entertaining account of his 
visit to our country, published in his " Life and Errors." Arthur, 
a younger brother of his great-grandfather, married another daugh- 
ter of .Mr. Phillips, and one of their children was Samuel Phillips 
Savage, father o( the late Samuel Savage, II. C. 1766, of Barn- 
stable. 

Thomas, father of the last named Ilabijah, born 1640, was 
second child of Thomas, who emigrated from England. His 
mother was Faith, daughter of William and the celebrated Ann 
Hutchinson, who was a spciikitifr if not a ruling elder in the First 
Church in Boston. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Joshua Scot- 
tow, author of two curious tracts in the latter part of the 17th century. 
Willi two of his brothers, Ephraim, II. C. JOG'?, and Perez, he 
served at various limes and places in King Philip's war, in the early 
part of which, their father was in the chief command of the forces- 
of the Colony of Massachusetts. Ephraim gained some reputa- 
tion in command of one of the vessels of the fleet, in the daring 
but disastrous expedition from Boston against Quebec, by Sir 
William Phips, in 1690, and Thomas was at the head of one of 
the three regiments engaged in it, and wrote a brief and modest 
account of the service, published the following year at London. He 
died July 2, 1705. 

Mr. Savage's great-great-great-grandfather, Thomas, was a man 
of high public spirit. Disgusted with the treatment o[ the majority 
towards Wheelwright and other friends of Sir Henry Vane, whom 
he had perhaps accompanied from England, he, with Gov. Cod- 
dington and others, removed in 1633, and purchased Rhode Island. 
He soon returned, however, to Boston, recovered his former stand- 
ing with early friends, and was often one of the representatives of 
the town, and, in the trying times of 1665, was respected for his mod- 
eration. He was one of those who undertook', in 1673, to erect a 
barricade in the harbor, for security against a fleet then expected 
from Holland. Out of this barricade grew, in less than forty years, 
the Long Wharf, a small portion of which has continued ever since 
the pmperty of some members of the family. He was Speaker o[ 
the Deputies in 1659, and again after an interval of eleven years, 
and iu 1GS0 was chosen by the colony one of the Assistants, in 



IS 17. J at the different Colleges in New England. 



83 






which station he died, Feb. 14, 16S2, aged 75. A funeral sermon 
on that event is among the printed works of Rev. Samuel Willurd, 
p:istor of the third church, of which .Major Savage was one of the 
founders, at the secession occasioned by the coming of .Davenport 
from New Haven to ihe first. The text was, Isaiah lvii: 1. 

The eldest son of this ancestor of most who bear the name on 
this side of the ocean, Ilabijah, J I. C. Kio ( J, died in a few years, 
but left children by his wife, daughter of Edward Tyng, one of the 
Assistants. A grandchild of these parents removed from Boston, 
early in the last century, to Charleston, S. C, where he is com- 
memorated by Dr. Ramsay, in his History of the Independent 
Church in that city. Descendants have been known in different 
nnrts of South Carolina and Georgia. The laic Judge Clay of ihe 
latter state, afterwards pastor of the first Baptist Church in Boston, 
married one, and his son, Thomas Savage Clay, II. C. 1819, is 
highly respected for his Christian philanthropy. 

In the catalogue of the sons of Harvard are numbered eleven 
lineal descendants of the first Thomas, of whom six have been 
noticed. John, 1694, was son of Ephrairn ; Ilabijah, 1723, was 
either son or nephew of Ilabijah; John, 1810, and James Rodon, 
1 S 12, were sons of William Savage, Esq., of Jamaica, son of 
Samuel Phillips Savage, before mentioned. 

Of the progenitors of Mr. Savage, no means are possessed by 
which to trace the line before the arrival of his ancestor in this 
country ; but a family tradition, committed to writing many years 
since, makes him to have been a brother of Arthur, an English dean. 

Mr. Savage fitted for college at Derby Academy, Hingham, 
under the tuition of Abncr Lincoln, and at Washington Academy, 
Machias, Me., instructed by Daniel P. Upton. 

After graduating at Harvard University in 1803, he studied law 
under the direction of the late Chief Justice Parker, Hon. Samuel 
Dexter, and Hon. William Sullivan, and entered upon its practice 
January, 1807. 

Mr. Savage has been Representative and Senator in General 
Court, a Counsellor, and a 'Delegate to the Convention in 1S20 for 
amending the Constitution of the State. He has been also in the 
City government as out 1 of the Common Council and an Alderman, 
as well as one of the School Committee. 

In April, 1823, he married Elizabeth C, widow of James Otis 
Lincoln, Esq., of Hingham. She was daughter of George Still- 
inan of Machias, Me., an officer in the war of the Revolution. 
Their children are Emma, Harriet, Lucy, and James. 

At times letters have engaged the attention of Mr. Savage, but 
not to withdraw' him from the proper duties of his profession or the 
service of the community in active life. He was during four or 
five years associated with the gentlemen who edited the (Boston) 
Monthly Anthology, and contributed articles for that work, as he 
has also for the North American Review. At the request of the 
municipal authorities of Bostor, he delivered an oration. July 4, 



SI 



Sketches of Alumni 



[Jan, 



1S11. The compilation of the Colonial and Provincial Laws of 
Massachusetts, published under the liile of Ancient Charters,'^ 
according to direction of General Court, by the late Hon. Xatlian' 
Darie, Jiujlge Prescott, and Judge Story, was by these gentlemen^ 
confided to his supervision while passing through the press. The 
Index to the work was prepared by him. lie superintended an 
edition of Paley's Works; and the presswork of the ten volumes 
of American State Papers, selected by lion. John Q. Adams, under ? 
authority of Congress, lint Mr. Savage's greatest effort of this 
nature was his edition of CIov. Winthrop's History of New Eng- 
land, with notes. 

This is a work of much labor and value. It is understood that 
he has in contemplation a new edition of Fanner's Genealogical 
Register of the First Settlers of New England. 

Mr. Savage was more than twenty years Secretary or Treasurer 
of the first Savings Hank in Boston, and nineteen years Treasurer 
of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Of which he is now the 
President. lie is a Member of the .American Academy of Arts 
and Sciences, and has received the degree of LL. D. at Harvard 
College. 

Forty-one years since, for the benefit of his health, he, in 
company with his relative and friend, William Tudor, Jr., visited 
the islands of Martinique, Dominique, St. Thomas, St. Domingo, 
and Jamaica. Since, he has been to Demcrara, and five years ago, I 
he went to England, with a view of visiting his lathers' sepulchres, ' 
and of enjoying himself in the father-land. 



■ 



HON. LEVI WOODBURY OF PORTSMOUTH, N. II. 

Levi Woodbury was born at Franeeslown, N. II., Dec. 22, 1789, 
where his father, the Hon. Peter Woodbury, resided. lie was born 
in Beverly, Ms., in 1767, removed to New Hampshire with his I 
father, and, when he entered upon the active business of life for him- 
self, engaged in mercantile and agricultural pursuits, and was about 
fifteen years a Representative, and two years a Senator, in the State ' 
Legislature. He died in 1834. lie was son of Peter Woodbury, 
who was born March 2S, 1738, at Beverly, and married there, and in 
1773 removed to Mont Vernon, then a part of Amherst, N. II. He 
spent the last twenty years of his life at Antrim, with his youngest 
son, Mark Woodbury, Esq., where he died, March, 1819, aged 85. 
His father was Josiah Woodbury of Beverly, who was born June 15, 



1682, and lived ii 



Second or Doner Parish. The father of Jo- 



ue Dec- 



l>l 



siah was Peter, who was born in 1640, made a freeman in 1668, and 
elected a Representative in LG89. lie filled the office of deacon, 
and died July 5, 1701, aged 64. His father was Humphrey 
Woodbury, who was born in 1609, came to New England with his 
father, John Woodbury, in 16:28, was admitted to the church in 1648, 
was a member of the First Church in Beverly, at its formation, was 
chosen deacon in 1668j and was living in 1681. John Woodbury, 
who was one of the original settlers o( Beverly, came from Sonar- 



flS-17.] at the (liferent Colleges in New England, 85 

getslnre, England, under the direction of the Dorchester company, 
which established itself at Cape Ann about 1624. He tame lo 
ISaletn in 1626, was made a freeman in 1630, and in lC3o was 
■chosen a Deputy to General Court. [Ie was an original member 
[of the Kir.-t Church in Salem, in 1636, he received a grant of two 
hundred acres of land on Bass river, lie died in 10! I. 
Mr. Woodbury's mother was Mary Woodbury, daughter of 
; James Woodbury, who was born in Beverly, but removed to Mont 
Vernon, N. II., in 17 s 2. lie was a subaltern in Col. Robert Rogers' 
regiment of Ranger*, and was near Wolfe when he fell at the 
| storming of Quebec. The sword he used in that service is now in 
the possession of a descendant. He had eight children, all daugh- 
ters, and died at Francestown, March, 1823, aged £6. 

The subject of this sketch was prepared fur college in part at 
I New Ipswich Academy, N. If., with Mr. Mullikcn, but chiefly 
under the instruction of Hon. John Yosc, the distinguished Pre- 
ceptor of Atkinson Academy. In 1S05 he entered Dartmouth 
College, where he remained till 1809, when lie graduated with high 
reputation for talents and acquirements. 

Immediately after leaving college he commenced the study of 
law, spending one year at the Law School of Judges Reeve and 
j Gould, at Litchfield, Ct., and the residue' of His preparatory course 
| with Hon. S. Dana of Boston, Judge Smith of Exeter, and .lamed 
Walker, Esq., of Francestown. In 181:2 he opened an office in 
his native place, where, lie remained till 1^10. In 1816 he was 
elected Clerk of the State Senate, and, in the year following, was 
appointed Judge of the Superior Court. This appointment to the 
bench of the highest judicial tribunal of the state, drew general 
attention to the manner in which the duties were discharged. Ample 
testimony, however, of the qualifications of Judge Woodbury may 
be found in the first two volumes of New Hampshire Reports. In 
1819, he removed to Portsmouth, the commercial capital of New 
Hampshire, where he continues to reside. In 1823 he was chosen 
Governor of the Slate, and when his term of office expired, he 
returned to the practice of his profession. In 1825 he was chosen 
Representative from Portsmouth, and on the meeting of the Legis- 
lature, he was elected Speaker of the House. Among the last acts 
of the session was the choice of Gov. Woodbury to till a vacancy 
which had occurred in the Senate of the United States. At the 
commencement of the session in 1825-6, he took his seat in the 
Senate, and during the six years succeeding, his name was con- 
nected with the most important measures discussed in that body. 
His term of service expired on the 4th of March, and four days 
after, he was chosen State Senator for the district in which he 
resided. In April following, he was invited by President Jackson 
to become Secretary of the Navy, which office he was induced to 
accept, having declined that of State Senator. July 4, 1834, he 
was appointed Secretary of the Treasury, in which capacity he 
served till March 3, 1841. During this time, he was appointed 
Chief Justice of the Superior Court of New Hampshire, but 



so 



Sketches of Alumni 



[Jan. 



declined the office. In \*\\, he was a^ain chosen T T . S. Senator J 
from New Hampshire, which oilice he held till September, lHl5,,^ 
when he was appointed an Associate Justice of the U. S. Supreme 
Court. In the summer previous, the oilice of Minister to England 
was tendered to him, but he refused it on account of the situation '• 
of his family. 

In June, LSI 9, Judge Woodbury was married to Eliza W. Clapp, $ 
daughter of Hon. Asa Clapp of Portland, Me. They have live a 
children: Charles Levi, who is now an attorney in Boston, MamR 
Elizabeth, Frances Anstris, Virginia Lafayette, and Ellen Carolina. M 
The eldest is married to the Hon. Montgomery Blair of St. Louis, Mo. 

Judge Woodbury has published one volume of Law Reports in $ 
connection with Judge Richardson, also speeches, pamphlets, and 
Reports relating to the various official duties he lias performed,^ 
besides numerous literary addresses. He has received the (]l^ 
of Doctor of Laws at the Wesleyan University in Connecticut, *j 



and at Dartmouth College in New .Hampshire. He is also a mem- 
ber of various literary societies. 

The brothers and sisters of Judge Woodbury are Peter P, '4 
Woodbury, M. D., of Bedford, N. 1!., now Vice-President of the J 
New Hampshire Medical Society; Rev. James Trask Woodbury of % 
Acton, Ms., formerly an attorney ; Jesse Woodbury, Esq., who re- 
sides on the paternal estate; (leorge Washington Woodbury, M.U,\JT 
Yazoo county, Mississippi; Mrs. Mary Howe, widow of the late 
Luke Howe, M. IX, of Jallrey, N. II.; Mrs. Anstris B. Eastman, wife * 
of Hon. Nehemiah Eastman of Farmington, N. II., formerly Mem- 
ber of Congress,; Mrs. Martha W. Crimes of Cjuiney, M . widow 
of the late Thomas Grimes, merchant, of Windsor, Yl. ; Mrs. Han- 
nah T. Barnes, wife of Isaac O. Barnes, Esq., of Boston, U. S. 
Marshal for the District of Massachusetts; Mrs. Harriet Dodge, wife 
of Perley Dodge, Esq., an attorney at Amherst, N. II.; Mrs. Ade- 
line Bunnelle, wife of Edwin F. Bunnelle, Esq., of Boston, clerk 
in the Custom House. 



HON. SAMUEL S. WILDE OF BOSTON. 

Samuel Sumxeu Wilde was born in Taunton, Feb. 5, 1771. His 
father's name was Daniel, who was born in Braintree in 1718, and 
died in 179*2. His father, if not born in England and brought over 
by his father when a child, was born in Braintree. 

The father of the subject of this sketch, soon after arriving at the 
age of 21, settled in Taunton, where he continued until the time of 
his death. He was a farmer and a pious man, and for many years 
was one of the deacons of the only Congregational Church then 
in that town. He was very fond of sacred music, and had a line 
voice, well cultivated, and, for those days, he had a competent 
degree of skill and knowledge of the science to render him an 
acceptable leader of the choir in the church, and was a leader long 
before he was chosen deacon. In his family devotions he always 
read a chapter in the Bible, sung a hymn in which some of the 
family joined, and concluded with a prayer. He was twice married. 







































. 












1*17. 



at the different Colleges in New England. 



87 















His first wife was the daughter of Deacon Staples of Taunton, 
grandfather of Mr. Staples, a lawyer of considerable eminence in 
New York. 

His second wife, the mother of Samuel S., was the only child 
of Deacon Samuel Sumner, also of Taunton. Pea. Sumner was 
well educated for one who had not received a collegiate course of 
Instruction, had a taste for study, and thought much of learning and 
learned men. lie died when Samuel S., who was his only grand- 
ion, was two years old, and bequeathed to him a lot of land, which 
he authorized his father to sell, and to expend the; proceeds in giving 
liirn a college education, if he should, at a proper age, manifest any 
taste and talents, which would probably render such an education 
useful to him. He was a warm Whig and a friend to the liberties 
of the people ; and it was probably owing to discussions about the 
Stamp Act and other difficulties with England, and his reflections 
on the inalienable rights of man, that he emancipated a female 
slave, about the year 1709 or 1770. She, however, always continued 
in the family upon wages, until her death. l)ea. Sumner was a 
distant relation of Gov. Sumner and also of the Rev. Dr. Sumner, 
long the minister of Shrewsbury in the county of Worcester. 

The mother of Samuel S. was a most excellent woman, and 
distinguished for her mental endowments, piety, and zeal in the 
cause of religion. 

The subject of this sketch fitted for college under the direction 
of Rev. Ephraim Judson, the minister of Taunton, and entered the 
Sophomore class at Dartmouth College, in 17SG, where he gradu- 
ated in 1789. He read law in Taunton with David L. Barnes, 
Esq., who was afterwards Judge of the District Court of the United 
Stales for the state of Rhode Island. In September, 1792, he was 
admitted to the bar, and the same year was married to Eunice 
Cobb, a daughter of the late Gen. Cobb o( Taunton. He imme- 
diately removed to Maine, and first commenced practice in Waldo- 
borough in the county of Lincoln, where he remained only two 
years, and then removed to the adjoining town of Warren, where 
he resided five years, when, in 1799, he removed to Uallowell. He 
represented the town of Warren two years in the House of Repre- 
sentatives ; but after his removal to Hallowcll, he devoted himself 
wholly to his profession. He was, however, twice chosen one of 
the Electors of President and Vice-President of the United Stales, 
and in 1814 was elected a Slate Counsellor. He was also one of 
the Delegates to the famous Hartford Convention. In June, 1815, 
he was appointed Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Mas- 
sachusetts, which office he now holds. He was a member from 
Newburyport of the Convention for revising the Constitution of the 
state, having removed from Hallowcll to that place in 1820. ]n 
1831 he removed to Boston, where he still resides. 

The wife of Judge Wilde deceased June 6, 18:26. Their children 
were nine, of whom only four survive. The two eldest sons died 
unmarried. The eldest daughter, Eunice, married Hon. William 



88 



Sketches of Alumni 



[Jan, 



Emmons of Augusta, Mo., a son of Rev. Dr. Emmons of Franklin, 
Ms. She died in 1.8:21, leaving two daughter*, one of whom lius 
since deceased, and the other is the wife of Rev. Mr. Tap pan of 
Hampden, Me., son of Rev. Dr. Tappan of Augusta, Me. The 
second daughter, Uleanor Bradish, married I. \V. Mellon, Esq., 
son of Rev. Mr. Mellon of Cambridge. They are both dead. Mrs. 
Mellon died in March, 1S3S, leaving three children. The third 
daughter, Caroline, married' Hon. Caleb dishing of Newburyport, 
and 'died in 183*2. The eldest surviving son, George Cobb, Esq., 
an attorney at law, is Clerk of the Courts in Suffolk county, is 
married, and has two children. The second surviving son, Henry 
Jackson, is married, and has two children, and is now settled in 
Washington, I). C. The youngest son is unmarried. The only 
surviving daughter was first married to Frederick W. Doane of 
Boston, and is now the wile of Robert Farley, also of Boston. 

Judge Wilde has been in his present office nearly thirty-two years, 
a longer time it is believed than any individual ever held that office 
before,* and his judicial career has uniformly been characterized 
by legal learning and stern integrity. His personal character is 
marked by uncommon frankness and great simplicity of manners. 

He has received the degree of Doctor of Laws from Bowdoin 
and Harvard Colleges, and he is also a Member of the American 
Academy of Arts and Sciences, and some other literary associations. 

NATHANIEL WRIGHT, ESQ., OF CINCINNATI, OHIO. 

Nathaniel Wright was born Jan. 28, 1789, in the east parish 
of Hanover, N. II. The family residence was on the highlands 
adjoining the western base of Moose mountain, over which his 
father's farm extended. From some of the fields can be seen, 
spread out in the distance, nearly half the state of Vermont, rising 
in regular gradation from the Connecticut river, with every variety 
of cottage, field, woodland, and hill, to the summits of the Green 
Mountains, Killington Peak, and Camel's Rump, in the distant hori- 
zon. His parents, Nathaniel Wright and Mary Page, were originally 
from Coventry in the state of Connecticut. The name of his pa- 
ternal grandfather was the same with that of his father; but we are 
not able to trace back the genealogy further. They were all farmers 
by occupation. ' His father was one of the first settlers of Hanover, 
and took possession of his farm there, while it was a perfect wilder- 
ness, the occupancy of which he had to contest with wild beasts. 
The sylvan adventures of that period were, no doubt, the topic of 
many a fireside tale of his childhood. His mother was sister of 
the father of Harlan Page, distinguished for his active piety, and of 
tract-distribution memory. 

Mr. Wright began fitting for college in 1806. The larger part 
of his preparatory studies were with the Rev. Eden Burroughs, 

* Judge Benjamin Lvnde was on the bench about the ?amc length of time, from 1712 to 
1711. 






1847.] at the (liferent Colleges in New England. b9 

I). 1)., the parish minister, long one of the Trustees of Dartmouth 
College, and celebrated as tin; father of the notorious Stephen 
Burroughs, who died in Canada, a Catholic priest. J!c entered the 
Freshman class of Dartmouth College at the commencement of 
1607, and graduated in 1811. Alter graduating, he spent ihree years 
or more in teaching, being part of that time in charge of the Port- 
land Academy, Maine, and pari of the time in charge of a select 
class of boys in the same place; and began there the study of 
law. He then spent a year as private tutor in a family in Vir- 
ginia, reading Jaw in the mean time, and was admitted to the bar 
in that state. Tn Jnly, 1817, he went to Cincinnati, where, after 
spending some time in an ollice to familiarize himself with local 
practice, he was admitted to the bar in November, 1817, and com- 
menced the practice in 1818. For a lew years, he practised in the 
Federal Courts, and in different parts of the state ; but finding the 
city practice the most profitable, as well as most pleasant, he soon 
confined himself to that, and continued it with so much labor and 
assiduity, that, in 1839 and 1840, he found his health giving way 
under the effects of it, and in the latter year, withdrew from the 
practice. Of his success in the practice, he has had no reason 1o 
complain. And in talents and legal acquirements, he has ranked 
with the first in the state. 

lie has been solicited at different times to become a candidate 
forjudge of the Supreme Court of Ohio, and for Member of Con- 
gress; but has uniformly refused all nominations for political office, 
preferring a private life to all others. 

In April, 18*20, he married Caroline Augusta Thew, a niece of 
the Hon. Jacob Burnet of Cincinnati. Her mother was a daughter 
of Dr. William Burnet of Newark - , N. J., a surgeon in the army 
in the Revolutionary war, and a man of distinction in that state. 
Her parents being both dead, she went from Newark to Cincinnati 
with Judge Burnet's family, in 1815. 

The children of these parents are eight in number: Mary Thew, 
Caroline Augusta, Daniel Thew, Eliza Burnet, Augusta Caroline, 
Louisa, Nathaniel, and William Burnet. Of these, Caroline Au- 
gusta and Augusta Caroline died, the former at five, the latter at 
three years of age. 

Mr. Wright has published nothing, that can properly be called a 
book ; yet many of his writings have appeared in public print in 
various forms. His name appears at the head of some important 
arguments in the Law Reports of Ohio, during the period of his 
practice ; and some of his occasional addresses have been printed. 
h\ early life, he was a lover of poetry, and not unfrequcntly 
attempted to honor the Muses; and this he did always with 
applause. 

When Mr. Wright went to Cincinnati, then having five or six 

thousand inhabitants, he sat down patiently with the young at the 

foot of the bar, went on through a generation of the profession, till 

he stood at its head ; and saw the city grown up to a population of 

6 * ^ 






90 



Sketches of Alumni 



[Jan. 



S0,000, himself standing among ;i few old respectable inhabitantflj 
easy in circumstances, with a very happy family around him, and 
highly respected by the community. — The late Rev. Chester Wright, 
a graduate at Middlebury College in 1805, and of Montpelierj 
Vt., was his half-brother. 



HON. WILLIAM D. WILLIAMSON OF BANGOR, ME. 

William Durkee Williamson is supposed to be a descendant, 
in the sixth generation, of one who was among the earliest settlers 
in the Plymouth Colony. For as the Annalist tells us,^ when 
Gov. Wins-low went to make his first treaty with Massasoit, 
March ~'~, 1021, he was preceded by " Captain Standish and Mr. 
Williamson" and attended by a file of "musketeers." Nothing 
farther appears, in the printed narratives of those times, concerning 
the man last mentioned ; nor is there any positive knowledge of his 
immediate posterity; though it is a report of tradition, that one of 
his name had command of a company in King Philip's war, in 
167o-(), who might have been his son. But, however this may have 
been, certain it is, that men of his name in succeeding generations 
have exhibited a predilection for military tactics ; and that in Major 
Benjamin Church's fifth expedition eastward, 1704, Captain Caleb 
Williamson commanded a company of volunteers from Plymouth 
Colony. He had one brother, whose name was George, and the 
place o{ their residence was Harwich, in the county of Barnstable. 
It is said there was another of the family, or kindred, perhaps a 
brother, by the name of Samuel, who settled at Hartford in Con- 
necticut, but as he left no son, his name at his death sank into 
oblivion. 

George Williamson, above named, married, at Harwich, the 
daughter of a Mr. Crisp ; and they had two sons, George and 
Caleb, and five daughters. The elder son was murdered by a 
highwayman, and left no child ; the younger, born at that place, 
1716, married Sarah Ransom, and settled at Middleborough in the 
county of Plymouth ; whose children were six sons and three 
daughters. Though five of the sons were married, only two of them, 
Caleb and George, left issue. The latter, being the fifth son, born in 
175 1, who was the father of the subject of this sketch, removed ' 
with his father's family at the commencement of the Revolutionary 
war, 1o Canterbury, Ct., and married Mary Foster of that place, a 
niece of Rev. Jacob Foster, formerly a minister of Berwick, Me. 
Their children were four sons and lour daughters. The sons are 
William D., the subject of this sketch ; George, a farmer at Pittston ; 
and Joseph, a lawyer nt Belfast, a graduate at Vermont University, 
and President of the Senate, in the Legislature of Maine. Their 
father was a soldier in the Revolution, and a captain ol" artillery, 
some years after the peace. In 1793, he removed from Canterbury, 









* Soc Prince's Annal?, 101. 
Hist. Soc, 229. 



Purchas' Pilgrim?, B. X. chap. 4.-* Vol. VIII. Coll. Mass. 



• IS 17.] at the different Colleges in New England. 91 

where his sons were born, to Amherst, Ms., and finally died at 
Bangor, in 1822, aged 08 years. 

William 1)., his eldest son, entered Williams College, in 1800; 
but finished his studies at Brown University, R. L, where he was 
graduated in 1804. As his father was a farmer in moderate 
circumstances, and himself the eldest of eight children, he was 
under the necessity of teaching a school several winters, to defray 
his college expenses. Tie read law with Hon. S. F. Dickinson of 
Amherst, till the spring of 1807, when he took up his residence in 
Bangor, Me., where he completed his professional studies with J. 
McGaw, Esq., being admitted to the bar in November of that 
year. Jan. 1A, 1808, he was commissioned by Gov. Sullivan 
Attorney for the county of Hancock, an oil ice held by him about 
eight years, when the county was divided. In 1816, he was elected 
to the Senate of Massachusetts, Maine being then a part of the 
Commonwealth ; and received successive elections, till the separa- 
tion in 1820. Though as a political man, his sentiments were of 
a democratic character, adverse to the majority in each of the legis- 
lative branches, he was Chairman of the Committee of Eastern 
Lands, three years. lie was President of the first Senate in the 
new state of Maine ; and the appointment of Gov. King as a Com- 
missioner on the Spanish Claims, brought him into the Executive 
1 Chair, about six months of the political year. In the meantime, he 
was elected a Member of Congress. After he left the field of 
legislation he was appointed a Judge of Probate for his county, a 
Justice of Peace through the state, and President of Bangor Bank. 

Judge Williamson was thrice married. He was first connected in 
marriage with J. M. Rice, an orphan, the niece of Gen. Montague 
of Amherst, whose home was hers. Five children were the fruits 
of this marriage, one of whom, an only son, a promising youth, 
died in 183:2, at the close of his Junior year in Bowdoin College. 
His second wife was the eldest daughter of Judge Phinehas White 
of Putney, Vt., and his third was the only surviving (.laughter of 
the late E. Emerson, Esq., York, Me. 

Judge Williamson was fond of literary pursuits generally, but 
particularly of historical research. He wrote and published a 
number of articles on various subjects, in different periodicals. His 
great work, however, which cost him many years of labor, was his 
History of Maine, in two large octavo volumes. He died May 27, 
1840. 



THE FATHERS OF NEW ENGLAND. 

"They {the Fathers of N. E.J wore mostly men of good estates and families, 
of liberal education, and of large experience ; but they chiefly excelled in piety 
to Gotl, in zeal for the purity of his worship, reverence for his glorious name, 
and strict observance of his holy Sabbaths ; in their respect and maintenance of 
an unblemished ministry ; the spread of knowledge, learning, good order, and 
quiet through the land, a reign oi righteousness, and the welfare of this people; 
and the making and executing wholesome laws for all these blessed ends.' 1 — 
Rev. Thomas Prince's Election Sermon, 1730. 



92 



Gov. Hinckley's Verses on the 



[k 



GOVERNOR HINCKLEY'S VERSES ON THE DEAT] 
OF HIS SECOND CONSORT. 

[Thomas Hinckley was the Inst Governor of the Plymouth Colony, which office he held.] 
except (.luring the interruption by Andros, from 1CH) tu 1092, when that colony was join* 
to the Massachusetts colony. He was a man of worth and piety. The following lines, con 
posed by him on the death of his second wile, are copied from one of three volumes of 
manuscripts of Rev. Thomas Prince, which arc now in the possession of the Rev. Chandli 
ilobbins of this city. 

It is hardly necessary to inform our readers, that Thomas Prince, colleague pastor of the i 
Old South Church in Boston from Oct. 1, 171*, to Oct. 22, 175S, was a most diligent and' 
careful collector of public and private papers, relating to the religious and civil history OjC' 
New England, and that many of his valuable books and manuscripts have been deposited by.£ 
the church to which he ministered, in the library of the Massachusetts Historical Society. I 

The following brief sketch of the connection between Thomas Prince and Gov. Hinckley^ 
and of some of the descendants of the latter, may be appropriate as an introduction to thu) 
poetic effusion. 

In the manuscript volume above referred to, Rev. Thomas Prince has recorded a gene«.> 
alogical table prepared by himself, in which he states that he was " the fourth son of Samuel 
Prince, Esq., of Sandwich, who was the son of Elder John Prince, who came over in 1633,-^ 
and settled first at Watertown and afterwards at Hull, who was the eldest son of Rev. Johnv 
Prince of East Shellbrd, in Berkshire, Eng., who was born of honorable parents, educated.'- 
in the University of Oxford, and was one of the Puritan ministers of the Church of England ' 
who in part conformed." 

The father of Rev. Thomas Prince, Samuel Prince, Esq., married in 1GSG, for his second 
wife, Mercy Hinckley, the eldest daughter of Governor Hinckley by his second wife.*' 
They had ten children ; namely, Thomas, Mary, Enoch, John, Joseph, Moses, Nathan, Mercy, 
Alice, Benjamin. 

Thomas married Deborah Denny. One of their daughters became the wife of Lieul. 
Governor Gill. 

Mary married the Rev. Peter Thatcher. 

Moses married Jane Bothune. Their daughter, Jane Prince, was consort of the Rev. 
Chandler Ilobbins, D. D., of Plymouth, Ms., grandfather of the Rev. Chandler Robbins of? 
Boston, of whom we have obtained this relic of antiquity.] 



Pity me my friends and for me Pray 
To him y* can supply what's taken away. 
My crown is fallen from my Head, and wo, 
Wo unto me y* I have sinned so, 
As to provoke y e Lord to show such Ire 
W h I deserve 'gainst me should burn like Fire. 
God righteous is in all y l He hath done 
Yea good in lending Her to me so long. 
A Blessing rich Forty three years and more: 
Had I been wise to have improved such store 
Of Gifts and Grace wherewith she was endu'd 
1 might in Grace have also much improv'd. 
How prompt in heavenly Discourse was she, 
That to her own and others good might be ! 
Out of her stoie came things both new and old 
\V h she had read, or thought, or had been told. 
How great my Bond to God in Thankfulness, 
For such a Gift, for all my worthlessness. 

The only child her gracious mother bare, 
Obtain'd of God as a Return of Prayer: 
For \v h she with her Friends employ'd a Day, 
In private, and soon found it good to pray 
Unto y° God of Nature and of Grace, 
Who thus approv'd their seeking of his Face, 
In forming this fair child to shew his Praise : 
Endowed with virtues in her early Days 
W h grew and shine'd in young and riper age, 
And to her Maker's Praise did much engage 
All those w° knew Her both of late and old, 
And prove'd as diverse godly wise foietold. 

She by her wisdom built y° House and by 



* The portraits of Samuel and Mercy Prince, belonging to the Rev. Mr. Robbins, hare been tempo 
rarily deposited in the rooms of the Massachusetts Historical Society. 



1847. 



Death of his Second Consort. 



93 



way 
ight be] 

r day. J 



Her prudent care kept all in such a way 

And in such order, so as nought mi 

A Let to worship in the Family 

Or cause Distraction on God's holy 

Yea both at Mom and even, as was need 

She did in Household-worship always lead 

Her Family, while in her widow-state, 

And in my absence since she was my mate. 

Whose good example may rebuke nil Those 

Who slight this Duty and Themselves expose 

Unto y e wrath of God w h hangs o'er all 

Those Familes w h on Him do not call. 

To rise up very early was her way, 

Enter her closet strait, to read and pray, 

And then to call and raise her Family, 

And liv'd to see a Blessing great upon 

Her Prayers and prudent Education 

Of children such a number for y e Lord, 

Under his gracious covenant and word, 

That now may say, I am, thro grace divine, 

Thy Servant, Daughter, Son, of Handmaid thine. 

She highly prized a Gospel Ministry, 
For its support was an example high, 
And while a widow chose y e town shou'd say ] 

What was her Part lest self from Right shou'd sway V 
And allways gave more than her Rale away, J 

Yea ever first wou'd pay that pious due, ") 

Then other Debts, and on the Residue >■ 

Wou'd wisely live and help y e Poor she knew. J 
Nor ever any want she found thereby, 
And counselled her Friends y c like to try: 
But if they wou'd till last let That alone, 
They wou'd find nought to pay't, all wou'd be gone: 
Which some have try'd, and found what she said True, 
And so God was not robbed of his Due. 

As by God's Grace she lived piously 
So by the same she lived righteously : 
Chusing y' she and hers might wrongs receiv, 
Than even y e least to others give: 
Allways a Pattern of Sobriety, ] 

Week, lowly, peacefull, prone to charity V 
And freely given to Hospitality, J 

Behaved wisely in a perfect way, 
Both in y e brightest and y e darkest Day. 
She came in nothing short with count of many 
Of highest Praise of Tongue or Pen of any. 

Great cause we have of pious Thankfullnessj 
For that tho sharpest Pains did her distress 
For six weeks allmost constantly, y* she 
Could take no Rest nor in y e night nor Day, 
Yet God preserv'd her mind and senses clear, 
With exercise of Grace, y' we con'd hear 
Not the least murmuring nor impatient word, 
But meek submission to y e Sovereign Lord: 
Full of heart-melting Prayer and savoury words 
Which Joy and wonderment to all affords 
Whose Hearts were mov'd to leav their Homes and see 
And help Her in her great extremity. 

Her last words were, come dear Lord Jesus, come 
Jlnd take me quickly to thy Bosom home: 
And in few minutes had her Soul's Desire 
With Him whom she did love with Heart intire. 
Death was no Terrour unto Her nor Fear, 
No Ghastliness did in her Face appear: 
But sweet composure in her Life and Death 
When her dear soul she in her final Breath 
Resigned to Him whom she beheld in Faith' 



94 Gov. Hinckley* s Verses on the [Jan/ 

Whoso own 6ho was and with Ilim long'd to be 
Where she is free from sin and misery : 
She enter'd into perfect, endless Rest, 
And with y e blest above is ever blest. 

So that we have no reason to repine 1 

But thankfully and humbly to resign > 

To his most wise and ri»hteous hand therein J 
Nor mourn for Her in Plenitude of Joy, 
But for ourselves whom evils still annoy. 
As a great Loss to all, y e wisest deem, 
Then sure to me and mine a Loss extream; 
Now she has left the gap, is made a way 
For evils to bear on us every Day : 
W' 1 our Iniquities deserved have, 
Unless y e Lord please, as I humbly crave, 
To give Repentance and Remission free 
Of all our sins; of mine especially, 
My great Defects in point of gratitude 
In prizing and improving such a good: 
W h as a second miracle of grace, 
After the first who no less Pious was 
And lovely consort. Both free gifts most rare 
And Both in answer unto humble Prayer. 

As soon as I my will resigned so 
To God, as to be free y l he shou'd do 
As most for his own glory he shou'd see; 
Then did their several Relatives agree 
To say, They had oppos'd our match so long, 
They neither dared nor wou'd it more prolong: 
W h was so far above all expectation 
As made us to admire the Dispensation. 

Yet that such wondrous works I cou'd forget, 
Does my Offences greatly aggravete : 
Which has so much dishonored his Name 
As justly may me fill with grief and shame 
And oh y* by his grace enabling me, } 
I may with Hate, yea self-abhorrency > 
Turn from all sin and unto Jesus flee J 
Whose meritorious and precious blood 
Can clease from sin and reconcile to God. 

O may He be most highly priz'd by me 
And as most precious may embraced be. 
May I to Him eternally be join'd 
And in Him Rest and Satisfaction find: 
By his good Spirit's mighty energy ] 
My Heart be purgd from all Impurity, > 
And filled with all grace and sanctity: J 
Awakened out of all my drowzy Frames 
Raised up to lively, heavenly views and aims, 
Ever composed, humble, watchful be, "| 
Especially upon God's holy Day, > 

And when I read, hear, meditate and pray. J 
In holy Duties never slightly be j 
As if to approach y c glorious majesty 
Of God, a light and trifling thing it were; 
But ever look and speak to him with Fear : 
May bring forth much good Fruit in my last Days, 
Living and doing more unto his Praise: 
Gaining much profit by our Father's Rod, 
Who can make all work our eternal good. 

For all which mercies great I beg y e Prayers 
Of all who see these drops of aged Tears, 
That I and mine may by his mighty Hand 
Be kept thro Faith unto Salvation, and 
That we may neither slack or slothful be, 
But follow Her and that blest company, 
Who thro' their faith and patience now possess 



1847.] 



Death of his Second Consort. 



95 



The full completion of the Promises, 
And we may fitted be at Death to say, ) 
Lord Jesus come and take us quick away, >• 
To be with Thee unto eternal aye I 

Afflicted and distressed, but thro rich 

undeserved mercy not wholly forsaken, 

T. HINCKLEY. celaiisSS, 



The following is an extract from one of the manuscript volumes of the Rev. Mr. Prince : 

" She [Mrs. Hinckley] wus y c only child of M r Quarter-master Smith by his l»i wile, for- 
merly of Lancashire in England and afterward of Dorchester in New England. 

Her Father had been a Quarter-master in y e army of y e Netherlands : her mother a gentle- 
woman of a creditable Family and of eminent natural Powers, Piety and acquir'd accomplish- 
ments. Of them this M™ Hinckley was Born in Lancashire in England in 1CU0. Her 
Parents living und r y e ministry of y e lie v. M r Richurd Maker at Toxlelh in that shire ; thev 
came up and brought Her w th them to Bristol in order for N. E. in April 1635: young M r 
Nathaniel a son of y e sd M r Mather being carried on One side a Horse in a Pannier and 
this young M rt Mary on y e other: as I have often heard her sav. 

• May 23, 1635 ; She with her father and mother, y e sd Rev. M r Richard Maker and wife, 
y'sons Samuel and Nathaniel, M' ' Jonat/tan Mitchell then about 11 years of age, &c. set 
sail from Bristol. In y* night between Aug. 11 and 15 coming on y e IV. E. coast y r arose an 
extream Hurricane, w r in yy w r in y c utmost Danger and wondrously delivered [see y° aect 
in y e Life of y e sd M r Richard Mather in y° MagnaliaJ and on Aug. 17 arrived at Boston. 

Iler Father and others settling nt Dorchester and a new chh gath d There Aug. 23, 1636, y e 
sd M r Richard Mather became y T Teacher ; under w" 8 ministry she liv'd, unless w u sent "to 



school at Boston, W she enjoy 'if M r Wilson and Cotton's ministry. 

In she married to AI r Nathan 1 Glover a son of y° llon'» John Glover esq: ot sd 

Dorchester by w<» she had Nathanarl and Ann. And then this Husband Dying, she 



remained a widdow till w n she married y° Hon bl Thomas Hinckley Esq. of Bn n stable ; 
whither she removed and had by Him Mercy, Experience, John, Abigail, Thank/ u/l, Eben- 
ezer and Reliance: w° all grew up and married ; and all but Ebenezer before she died. 

At Barnstable she to y e Day or her Death appear'd and shone in y c eyes of all, as y e love- 
liest and brightest woman for Beauty, Knowledg, wisdom, majesty, accomplishments and 
traces throughout y° colony, and there her f>' son Natluinitl married to Hannah a D tr of sd 
M r Hinckly, by his form 1 " wf : 

Her sd $k Ann married to M r TV" 1 Rawson a son of M r secretary Rawson secretary of 
V* Massachusetts colony. Her D 1 * Mercy, to M r Samuel Prince of Sandwich: Experience to 

M r James Whipple of Barnstable : her son John to M" Trott of Dorchester: Iw.r Daugh- 

ter Abigail to y* Rev. M r Joseph Lord 1 st of Dorchester in South Carolina, afl r wd of Chat- 
ham, on Cape Cod: Thankfull to y« Rev. M r Experience Mayhem at Martha's Vineyard: 
Reliance to y° Rev. M r Nathaniel Stone of Harwich : and after the Decease of Herself and 
Husband y«" sou Ebenezer to M 1 " 8 Stone of Sudbury." 

Mrs. Hinckley died July 20, 1703, in the 7LSrd year of her age. 



BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES OF PHYSICIANS IN KINGS- 

TON, N. H. 



The first Physician of Kingston oP whom we have any definite account, was 
a Dr. Green, who died some time in the year 1750. The vacancy created by 
his death was filled by Dr. Josiali Bartlett and Dr. Aaron Sawyer. Dr. Sawyer 
soon returned to the Upper Parish of Amesbury, Ms., whence he originated. 

Dr. Josiah Bartlctt was born in Amesbury, Ms., Nov. 21, 1727, 0. S. His 
father, whose name was Stephen Bartlctt, had not much property, but was, how- 
ever, enabled to give him a medical education under the instruction of Dr. 
Ordway, a respectable physician of Amesbury. Dr. Bartlett completed his 
medical studies at the age of twenty-one, and very soon after established him- 
self at Kingston, N. If, 

He married his cousin, Mary Bartlett, of Newtown, N. II., Jan. 15, 175-1, by 
whom he had twelve children. 

His practice became very extensive, and he was eminently successful, 
especially in the treatment of the Cynanche Maligna, or Throat Distemper, 
which first made its appearance in Kingston, with great fatality, in 17fi5. 

Dr. Bartlett began his political career as Representative from King-ton, in the 
Legislature of New Hampshire, while an English colony. 



96 



Biographical Notices of 



[Jan. 



He continued lo fill various offices of trust, from this time to the year 1775, ■ 
when he was elected to the Continental Congress, which met at Philadelphia** 
ill September of that year. In July, 177G, Congress declared the Colonics «8| 
independent, and Dr. Bartlett was the first, after the venerable Hancock, to',* 
sign this instrument of American freedom. 

[n November, 1778, Dr. Bartlett returned home to attend to his domestic affairs, 
which had suffered greatly from his absence. About this time he was appointed 
Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas,*and was transferred to the Supe- 



and there officiated till he was appointed, in 
Jud^e Bartlett sustained, during this period, 



rior Bench in November, 1 782. 
1788, Chief Justice of the State 

many ofiices not incompatible with his high judicial character, such as Coun- 
sellor, a member of the Convention to form a State Constitution, and was one of 
a Committee, with Judge Livermore and Gen. Sullivan, to revise the Laws of 
the State, and a member of the Convention to ratify the new Constitution. 

In 1789, he was elected Senator to Congress, but his declining health, and 
the depression of spirits consequent upon the sudden death of his wife, early 
in that year, induced him to decline the duties of Senator, and to resign the 
ollire of Chief Justice. 

The people, unwilling to lose his services, elected him President of the State, 
in 1790. 

Dr. Bartlett took an active part in forming the New Hampshire Medical 
Society, and was elected, in 1791, its first President. 

In 1792, he was chosen a member to revise the Constitution of New Hamp- 
shire, in which the title of President was dropped, and that of Governor substi- 
tuted, and he was the first Chief Magistrate with the title of Governor. About 
this time, he received the honorary degrees of M. A. and M. D. from Dartmouth 
College. 

Gov. Bartlett filled all these stations with general satisfaction, without osten- 
tation ; administering the laws in a mild yet decisive manner, and setting forth 
the example of true republicanism. 

His appointments were just, and such as met the public approbation. 

The arduous duties of a professional and political life, in those "times that 
tried men's souls," had impaired his health, and so shattered a constitution, 
never strong, that May 19, 1795, he died suddenly, of paralysis, leaving a very 
extensive circle of friends to mourn his departure. 

Gov. Bartlett was possessed of good mental powers, of a kind and benevo- 
lent disposition, and was scrupulously just in all his dealings. 

Philanthropy and benevolence were the piominent traits of his character. 

His letters, still extant, show that, with a calm and childlike trust in God, he 
mingled that high sense of the responsibilities which man owes to his Creator 
and his fellow-man, which forms the foundation of a truly generous, just ; and 
noble character. 

Subjoined is the testimony of one who was his neighbor and intimate friend 
for many years -r— the Rev. Dr. Elihu Thayer. It is taken from the Address 
delivered at the funeral of Gov. Bartlett. 

" But few persons by their own merit, without the influence of family, or 
party connections, have risen from one degree of honor and confidence to an- 
other, as he did. And fewer still have been the instances, in which a succes- 
sion of honorable and important offices even to the highest, have been held by 
any man with less envy ; or executed with more general approbation. Despising 
the gaudy exhibition of vain parade, (a sure mark of a noble mind,) he set a 
shining example of frugality and economy, both in private and public life, at a 
period when such virtues were peeuliaily becoming and necessary. His natu- 
ral temper was open, humane, and compassionate. In his dealings, he was 
scrupulously just, and faithful in the performance of all his engagements; and 
in his public offices, he served his country with all his might." 

The children of Gov. Bartlett who still survive, are Hon. Ezra Bartlett of 
Haverhill, N. H., and Mrs. Gale, the widow of the late Dr. Amos Gale of Kings- 
ton. She is in her 74th year, and resides at South Hampton with her daugh- 
ter, Mrs. White. 

Dr. Levi Bartlett was the eldest son of Gov. Josiah Bartlett, and was born 
Sept. 3, 1763. He received his preparatory education at the then celebrated 



1847.] Physicians in Kingston, N. II. 07 

" Dummer School " in Newbury, Ms., and after studying the science of med- 
icine one year with his father, he completed his professional course with Dr. 
•Thomas Kittredge of Andover, Ms., a distinguished physician. 

Soon after, he established himself in Kingston, N. II., where his father had 
been located, and who was giving up his professional business to younger and 
more vigorous practitioners. 

Here, and in the adjoining towns, he soon acquired an extensive practice, 
and was frequently called many miles from home in consultation. He was a 
skilful and successful surgeon, and performed many important operations. 

Dr. Bartlett filled many stations of trust. He was a Justice of the Peace and 
Quorum throughout the state, Colonel in the militia, and Post Master for many 
years. lie frequently represented Kingston in the Legislature, and for several 
years was a member of the Council, and Chief Justice of the Court of Common 
Pleas. But being of a studious and metaphysical turn, he preferred the quiet 
pleasures of private life to the care and turmoil of the political arena. 

He was married, Nov. 6, 1791, to Sally Hook, who died of consumption, Feb- 
ruary, 1793. He married the second time, Abigail Stevens, April 18, 1807. 

He was kind and obliging in his disposition, generous and humane to the 
needy, and honorable and just in all his business relations. 

For several years, he suffered from paralysis, and was, consequently, unable to 
transact business or enjoy life. His earthly career terminated Jan. 30, 1828, at 
the age of 65, leaving a widow and three children — two daughters and one son. 
Dr. Levi Stevens Bartlett was born Dec. 3, 1811. He received his academ- 
ical education at Phillips Academy, Exeter. He read medicine with his 
uncle, the late Hon. Josiah Bartlett of Stratham, Professor Elisha Bartlett, at 
I that time of Lowell, Ms., and with Dr. John Barrett of Portland, Me. Dr. 
Bartlett attended the Medical Lectures at Dartmouth and Bowdoin Colleges, 
and received his diploma from Dartmouth in the year 1832, a short time before 
he was 21 years of age. 

Having come in possession of the landed estates of his father, and the old 
mansion of his grandfather, he settled at Kingston, where he now resides, and 
is in the practice of his profession. He married, Dec. 3, 1844, Aroline E., 
daughter of Moses Sanborn, Esq. 

Dr. Amos Gale, son of Jacob Gale, was born at East Kingston, April 9, 1744. 
0. S. He studied medicine with Dr. Josiah Bartlett of Kingston, N. H., and 
married Hannah, the only child of Daniel and Hannah Oilman of Kingston, 
Nov. 12, 17U5. They had ten children, six sons and four daughters, six of 
whom are still living. His practice was very extensive, and he was highly 
esteemed as a physician and citizen. He was one of the early members of the 
N. H. Medical Society, and he continued to practice medicine in Kingston and 
vicinity, (with the exception of a few years, during which he resided in Troy, 
N. Y.,) until a short time before his death, which occurred June 8, 1813, aged 
69 years. The disease which terminated his life was paralysis. Several young 
men received their medical instruction from him. 

Dr. Amos Gale, Jr.. son of the preceding, was born at Kingston, Oct. 15, 1768. 
He studied medicine with his father and Dr. Levi Bartlett of Kingston, attended 
lectures at Boston, commenced and continued to practise medicine in his native 
town till his death, which occurred Dec. 7, 1824, aged 56 years. He was a 
very energetic and athletic man, and was characterized for his great assiduity 
and self-denial in the discharge of his duties as a physician. He was married 
to Sally, youngest daughter of Gov. Bartlett, by whom he had seven children, 
five sous and two daughters, all of whom are still living. Dr. Gale held vari- 
ous otliees in the town, and was Representative to the Legislature in 1808. 
About twenty young men received medical education under his instruction. 
He was elected a member of the N. H. Medical Society in 1800. 

Dr. Stephen Gale, youngest son of Dr. Amos Gale, Senior, was born Jan. 28, 
1723, and studied medicine with his brother Amos. He died Aug. 13, 1801. 
His disease was a scrofulous atlection of the knee, caused by an injury. 

Dr. Ezra Bartlett Gale, eldest son of Dr. Amos Gale, Jr., was born at Kings- 
ton, Oct. 13, 1797. He studied medicine with his father and uncle, Dr. Levi 
Bartlett, and attended medical lectures in Boston in 1818, and practised with his 



98 Biographical Notices of Physicians. [Jan. 

father till July, 1821, when he commenced practice in Brentwood, N. II., and 
continued there till August, 1823. In the fall of 1822, he attended a course of 
Medical Lectures at Brown University, and received the degree of M. D. in! 
1823. He married Ruth White, youngest daughter of the late Richard White.: 
Esq., of South Hampton, N. II., July 31, 1823, where he practised medicine till 
1827, when he recommenced practice in Kingston, in which place he now pur- 
sues his professional duties. He had seven children by his fir^t wife, foureom 
and three daughters, all of whom are living. His wife died July G, 1811. He 
married Emily, daughter of the late Moses Atwood, Esq., of Atkin.-on, Nov. 22, ' 
1842, by whom he has two daughters. He is a member and otiicer of the N, ., 
H. Medical Society, and also of the Rockingham Dist. Med. Society. 

Dr. Levi Bartlett Gale, second son of Dr. Amos Gale, Jr., was born Aug. 29, 
1800. He studied medicine with his father and brother, and attended lectures 
at Boston and at Brown University, where he took his degree of M. 1). He 
commenced and continued the practice of medicine in Kingston till the return ' 
of his brother from South Hampton, when he removed to Boston, where he now-'"' 
resides. He married Sarah B. Keggan, by whom he has two children. 

Dr. Josiah Bartlett Gale, third son of Dr. Amos Gale, Jr., was born Jan. 11, 
1803. He studied medicine with his brothers Ezra Bartlett and Levi Bartlett V 
Gale. He attended Medical Lectures at Brown University, and commenced *\ f 
the practice of medicine in Brentwood, where he remained but a short time. 
Thence he removed to Salisbury Mills, Ms., where he now resides. He mar- 
ried Hannah, daughter of the late Capt. Jacob Morrill of Salisbury, Ms. They 
have one child, a son. 

Dr. Amos Gilman Gale, fourth son of Dr. Amos Gale, Jr., was born Feb. 17, j 
1807. He commenced his medical studies with his brother Levi Bartlett Gale, 
and attended two courses of Medical Lectures at Dartmouth College, at which 
he received the degree of M. D. He commenced the practice of medicine in 
Hooksett, N. H., where he was employed in his profession till his removal to J 
Manchester, N. II. He married Mary, daughter of Hon. Richard II. Ayer, of 
Hooksett, by whom he has one child, a daughter. 

Dr. Stephen Madison Gale, fifth son of Dr. Amos Gale, Jr., was born in Kings- 
ton, Oct. 20, 1809. He commenced the study of medicine with his brother E. 
B. Gale, in 183 4, studied one year with his brother L. B. Gale in Boston, and 
attended three courses of Medical Lectures in that place three years in succes- 
sion, commencing in 1834, and received his medical degree at Harvard Univer- 
sity, 1837. He commenced practice in Deny, N. II., September following; and 
thence he removed to East Kingston, where he remained but a short time. He 
commenced practice in Lowell, Dec, 1838, and from that place he removed to 
Methuen, July, 1839, where he has been engaged in practice ever since. He 
was admitted a Fellow of the Massachusetts Medical Society, April, 1839. He 
married Hannah W. Johnson of Portland, Me., March 28, 1843, by whom he has 
one daughter, Alice Bartlett. 

Though all the above physicians by the name of Gale have not been located 
as physicians in Kingston, yet, as they were all of one family, we have entered 
their names under the head of Kingston. 

There has been for about eighty years in Kingston a physician of the name 
of Gale, father, son, and grandsons. Very much the same may be said of the 
name of Bartlett. It is believed that no two families in our country have fur- 
nished more physicians than the Baitlett and Gale families of Kingston. Gov- 
ernor Bartlett had three sons eminent as physicians ; namely, Josiah of Strat- 
ham, Levi of Kingston, and Ezra of Haverhill, all members and oilicers of the 
Medical Society; and all political men, Ezra and Levi having been Judges of 
Courts, and Josiah a Member of Congress. Many of his grandsons are in the 
profession, one of whom, Dr. Josiah Bartlett of Stratham. is now President of the 
New Hampshire Medical Society. 

Dr. Thomas Bassctt was born in Deerfield, N. H., Aug. 12, 1797. His father 
was a merchant in that town, and once traded in Atkinson; but in 1804 
removed to Londonderry with his family, where he resided till his death. His 
mother's name was Susannah McGregore, a descendant of the Rev. James 
McGregore, who emigrated from Scotland to Ireland, and subsequently with 



1847.] 



Register of Births in Dedham. 



99 



a number of others, to America, and commenced a settlement in Londonderry. 
At the age of fifteen, Thomas commenced the studies preparatory to entering col- 
lego, under the instruction of his uncle, Rev. David McGregors, who was then the 
settled minister in Bedford, N. II., and lived with him about three years ; he then 
left and entered the Pinkerton Academy in Derry, under the tuition of Mr. 
Samuel Burnham, and continued there until the death of his father. At this 
lime, finding himself destitute of pecuniary means, ho was forced to relinquish 
the idea of prosecuting further his collegiate studies, and resorted to sehool- 
koeping to obtain the object he then most desired, an education. After spend- 
ing three years in this employment, he resolved to prepare for the medical 
profession ; and, in 1821, entered the ofiice of Dr. George Farrar of Deny, as a 
student in medicine, where he remained till the fall of 1822, when lie left, and 
entered the private class of Professors Mussey, Oliver, and Dana, at Dartmouth 
College, and continued with them until he had finished a regular course of 
medical instruction, and received the degree of Doctor in Medicine at the 
Commencement, in 1824. In March following, he established himself at 
Kingston, as a physician and surgeon, where he has resided, with the ex- 
ception of a few months, to the present time, in the practice of his profession, 
in that place and the neighboring towns. 

In 1828, he was married to Miranda Spofibrd, daughter of Samuel Spoflbrd, 
and granddaughter of Major Jacob Peaslee of Kingston. In 1826 he was 
elected, and in 1837, became a Fellow of the N. II. Medical Society, in which 
he has held the ofiice of Censor and Counsellor. He has been honored with 
the office of Justice of the Peace, and lias held the oiiice of Brigade Major and 
Inspector in the first Brigade of New Hampshire militia. 



I 

i 



REGISTER OF BIRTHS IN DEDHAM. 

i 

This account of births in Dedham, from 1635, the time when the town was 
first settled, to 1677, was copied from the Records by Dr. Elisha Thayer. The 
year, name of the child and its parents, and also, the month and the day of the 
month, are given in each case. The year is considered as beginning the first 
day of the first month called March, as time was then reckoned. 



Year. 

1635 
1637 
1638 



1639 



Mary, daughter of John and Hannah D wight, born 
John, son of John and Joanna Balden, 
Ruth, daughter of John and Annis Morse, 
Mary, daughter of Joseph and Millecent Kingsbury, 
Sarah, daughter of John and Ilanna Dwight, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph and Millecent Kingsbury, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Francis and Amy Chickering, 
Mary, daughter of Richard and Mary Everard, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and Mary Alcock, 
Isaac, son of John and Prudence Frary, 
Rachel, daughter of John and Alice Roper, 
Samuel, son of Richard and Mary Everard, 
Samuel, son of John and Joanna Cay, 

Joseph, son of William and Barstow, 

Obadiah, son of Daniel and Lydia Morse, 
Mary, daughter of Edward and Susan Richards, 
Abigail, daughter of Ferdinando and Ann Adams, 
John, son of John and Annis Morse, 
Daniel, son of Henry and Elizabeth Smith, 
John, son of James and Ann Allen, 
Sarah, daughter of Thomas and Margery Alcock, 
Barnabas, son of Robert and Ann Linsdell, 
Benjamin, son of Ralph and Phebe Wheelock, 
(To be continued.] 



Day. 


Month. 


25 


5 


21 


4 


3 


4 


1 


7 


17 


4 


14 


7 


26 


7 


28 


7 


24 


8 


29 


10 


18 


1 


31 


1 


10 


1 


6 


4 


8 


6 


28 


7 


15 


7 


8 


4 


13 


8 


4 


10 


28 


10 


13 


9 


8 


9 



100 



Notices of New Publications, 



[Jan. 



ANNIVERSARY OF 



THE NEW ENGLAND SOCIETY OF 
CINCINNATI, O. 



The 226th Anniversary of the Landing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, was 
celebrated in the City of Cincinnati by the New England Society, on Dec. 22, J 
1846. The services on the occasion were as follows : Prayer by the Hev. Dr. 
Beecher; Reading the Scriptures by the Hev. Mr. Magoon ; Address by B. B. 
Fessenden, Esq. ; Benediction by Rev. Dr. Stowe. With these services appro- 
priate music was interspersed. 

On Jan. 5, 1847, the annual meeting of the Society was held, and the Report 
was read by the Rev. Dr. Colton. In the Cincinnati Gazette we find the fol- 
lowing account, which, we doubt not, will be interesting to our readers. 

This Society was organized January 14th, 1845. Its objects are, to cherish 
the memory and perpetuate the principles of the original settlers of New Eng- 
land ; to collect and diffuse information respecting New England and New 
England emigrants to other parts of the country, especially to the West ; and to 
extend charity to the needy of New England descent. It is composed of men 
born in New England, and the male descendants of New England ancestors. 
The Society has a liberal charter from the Legislature, and is wholly free from 
debt. It has upwards of 200 members, and the number is rapidly increasing, 
23 having joined at the last meeting. 

It was voted to appropriate one half the surplus in the Treasury towards the 
establishment of a valuable library of historical and antiquarian works in rela- 
tion to New England, and to start a subscription of $500 in aid of the project, 
of which $200 was immediately subscribed, and it is thought the balance can be 
made up this month. A catalogue of the works desired has been made out, 
which, we trust, the Directors will be enabled at once to purchase. The income 
of the Society this year, if this subscription is filled, will amount to SI, 100. 

A Committee was appointed, to ascertain if a course of Lectures could be 
prepared in time to be delivered this winter. 

The Society contemplates the erection ultimately of a Hall for their library, 
meetings, and lectures, for which a lot has been offered on liberal conditions. 

The following gentlemen were elected officers for the ensuing year, (Mr. 
Starr having declined reelection as President.) 

For President, Timothy Walker. For Vicc-Ptcsident, Lot E. Brewster. For 
Corresponding Secretary, Chauncey Colton. For Recording Secretary, Henry 
Crane. For Treasurer, James Lalcey. For Directors, Henry Starr, Edmund 
Gage, Melzer Flagg, Maynard French, Jonathan H. Niles. Wm. Wiswell, Jr. 

The following gentlemen have been the Presidents and Vice-Presidents, since 
its formation : 

1845. — Bellamy Storer, President. Ephraim Robbins and Henry Emerson, 
Vice-Presidents. 

1846. — Henry Starr, President. Lot E. Brewster, Vice-President. 

1847.— -Timothy Walker, President. Lot E. Brewster, Vice-President. 



NOTICES OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



Guide to Plymouth, and Recollections of the Pilgrims. By William S. Russell. 
11 Come listen to my story, 
Though often told before, 
Of men who pass'd to glory t 
Through toil and trial sore ; 
Of men who did for conscience^ sahc } 
Their native land forego, 
And sought a home and freedom here. 
Two hundred years ago." 
Boston : Published for the Author, by Samuel G. Drake, 50 Cornhill. 1846. 



1947.] Notices of New Publications. 101 

This is a neat 12mo of about 400 pages, " designed to present such historical facts 
connected with our early history, and descriptions of interesting localities with which 
they are connected, as are deemed of essential importance to the numerous visitors 
who resort to the spot, rendered memorable as the scene where the foundations of 
republican institutions were first laid in this western world, and the principles of reli- 
gious and civil liberty were successfully established in New England." The design of 
the author has been accomplished. Although much novelty can hardly be expected in 
relation to subjects which have already become trite, though not uninteresting, yet by 
a judicious collection of facts and a pleasing presentation of them, the work is well adapt- 
ed to engage the attention of lire reader, ami to furnish him with the information desired. 

B It commences with a brief detail of the circumstances, which led our Pilgrim Fathers 
to leave the land of their birth and embark for a country of pathless wildernesses, 
abounding in savage beasts and still more savage men. It follows them in their voyage, 
through storms and perils to them unknown before; it describes their arrival at Cape 
Cod, the sufferings, privations, and hardships they endured, and the subsequent increase 
tnd growth of the infant Colony, all in a manner highly instructive. The various 
places of interest to a traveller in the town of Plymouth are distinctly and minutely 
pointed out, and many matters of impoitance are related concerning them. Several 
ancient documents of great value are also inserted, together with some notice of the 

[ Pilgrims. The volume closes with a collection of Hymns and Songs, selected from 
the productions of our best authors, composed with express reference to Anniversary 
Celebrations in Plymouth and other parts o( the United States. The work is embel- 
lished with a map of Plymouth village in IS 10, a frontispiece engraving of the town 
and harbor of Plymouth, also several other designs. It is a book eminently useful to 
the traveller, and valuable to the historian. 

The History of Charlestown, Massachusetts. Ry Richard Fruthingham, Jr. 
tl The History of a Town is united with that of the Country to which it belongs, 
and with that of the ages through which it lias stood." Charlestown : Charles P. 
Emmons. Boston : Charles C. Little and James Brown. 1845. 

This is a work issued in numbers of about 50 pages each. The author states, in the 
commencement, his sources of information to be, the town Records; Records of the 
first church in the town; the Colony Records; the Probate and Registry Records; and 
private collections of papers. From such materials we should think a most perfect his- 
tory can be made. We are pleased to see an interest arising in the minds of many, con- 
cerning our local or town histories, for by this means only can that of the state be 
rendered accurate. " Each town has some noted spot where the Indian may have 
fought for his burial-places, or the colonists for their freedom ; that may have sheltered 
a hermit or a regicide ; that superstition may have invested with a fairy legend, or 
nature have robed with more than fairy magnificence. Each has its Liberty Tree, its 
Green Dragon, its Faneuil Hall, where its patriots may have counselled or acted. And 
each has had citizens who laid its foundations, perhaps in hardship and danger." It is 
for the local annalist to gather these traditions and facts, from which the state histo- 
rian may form a comprehensive and accurate account. This work is embellished with 
quite a numher of interesting engravings. Four numbers have appeared, containing 
much useful and curious matter, and we hope soon to see the remainder. The work 
is highly deserving public patronage, and we hope that Charlestown and its vicinity 
especially, will amply reward the author for his indefatigable labors. 

A Gazetteer of Massachusetts, containing Descriptions of all the Counties, ToivnSj 
and Districts of the Commonwealth ; and also, of its principal Mountains, Rivers, 
Capes, Rays, Harbors, Islands, and Fashionable Resorts. To which are added 
Statistical Accounts of its Agriculture, Commerce, and Manufactures ; with a great 
variety of useful Information. By John Hay ward. Author of the "New England 
Gazetteer," u Book of Religions," i)"c. Boston : John Hayward. 1846. 

This is decidedly a valuable work. The name of the author alone would guarantee 
an elaborate, and, so far as within his ability, a strictly accurate publication. It presents 
Massachusetts in a statistical, historical, and topographical light, and is filled with such 
matter as would be deeply interesting to the antiquary, and the man of business, 
indeed to all in Massachusetts who take any pleasure in knowing the condition and 
prosperity of their own state. It is a work useful for reference in regard to education, 
internal improvements, matters of commercial importance — and may be regarded as 
a universal Gazetteer. We cheerfully commend it to the patronage of the public. 



■ 
10*2 Notices of New Publications. [Jan. 



Epitaphs from the Old Burying- Ground in Cambridge. With Notes, by Wil- 
liam Thaddeus Harris, Junior SophUter in Harvard College. Cambridge : Pub- 
lished by John Owen. 

It has boon, and still is, the disposition of the public, to regard the resting-places of 
the deceased with aversion, rather than with pleasurable interest. This we think 
should not be the case. " Forget not the faithful dead " is worthy to he inscribed at the 
entrance of every cemetery, and those, instead of being permitted to run to waste, 
should be adorned, and made pleasing to the sight. Thus the grave may be divested of 
its gloom, and the graveyard, now an object of terror, may become frequented as a 
place for calm, serious, and profitable meditation. 

In this volume a complete transcript is made of the epitaphs in the burying-ground, 
from 1653 to the year 1^)0; but in the years succeeding 1S00, with a few exceptions, 
the names only of those, to whose memory monuments have been erected, are given. 
In addition to these, which are G70 in number, there are brief notices of many, whose 
monumental inscriptions are given. A table, also, of the deaths of many, whose mon- 
uments have crumbled to dust, or whose remains were deposited in tombs, is appended. 
It is a volume of 192 pages, octavo, printed at the University press, and must be inter- 
esting to those who delight in curious and antiquated matters. We hope others will 
be induced to prepare like collections from those spots where, 

4< Each in his narrow cell for ever laid, 
The rude forefathers of the hamlet sleep." 

The author is a son of Thaddeus William Harris, M. I)., Librarian of the Univer- 
sity, and grandson of the late Rev. Thaddeus Mason Harris, D. J)., of Dorchester. We 
may at some future time make extracts from the work. 

Loring's Massachusetts Register, or Record Book of Valuable Information, for 
tlie year 1817. Designed as a Suitable Companion for the Professional Man, tlie 
Merchant, tin Public Officer, and the Private Citizen. Boston: James Loring, 132 
Washington Street. 

This volume is the eightieth of tlie Massachusetts Register, and its value as a work of 
reference will, we think, he appreciated by the public for as many years to come. Such 
a work is much needed by all classes of business men throughout the stale. It com- 
prises statistics of civil officers; professional men; societies and associations, literary, 
scientific, religious, and benevolent; commerce; mercantile alfairs; naval and military 
officers; courts and justices; institutions of learning, and also those for benevolent 
purposes; corporations of all kinds. It is literally multum inparvo. Mr. Loring, who 
has much of a historical taste, deserves great praise for his endeavors to render it ac- 
curate and useful; and it should have an extensive circulation in the state. 

The publishers of the Register have been as follows: 

In 17G7, Mein and Fleming, at the London Bookstore, north side of King street, now 
State street; in 1774, Mills and Hicks, School street, next door to Bracken's Tavern, 
sign of Cromwell's Head : in 1770, Thomas and John Fleet, si^n of the Bible and Heart, 
corner of Cornhill and Water street; in 1801, John West and Manning and Loring, un- 
til 1813, when its publishers were West, Richardson, and Lord, and the present pub- 
lisher, who has been a proprietor for forty-six years past. 

A Statistical View of the Population of Massachusetts, from 17G5 to 1840. By 
Jesse Chickering. Boston: Charles C. Little and James Brown. 1816. pp.160. 

"The object of this essay is to exhibit the increase of the population of Massachu- 
setts, and the changes which have taken place in the number and proportion of the 
inhabitants in the several parts of the Commonwealth, during the period of seventy- 
five years from 1705 to 1840." "The censuses consulted in the preparation of this work 
are the Colonial census, ordered in 1701 and finished in 1705, and the six censuses of 
the United States, taken at intervals of ten years, from 1790 to 1 S 10." Tlie number of 
inhabitants in Massachusetts in 1705, from various calculations is estimated at 244,149, 
exclusive of 1,509 Indians. In 1790, according to the United States census published 
in 1791, the population was 378,787, which is adopted as the true number; in 1800 it 
was 422,845; in 1810, 472,040; in 1820, 523,287; in 1830, 010,408; and in 1840, 7.i7,700. 

The U. S. censuses of 1790,1800, and 1820 were taken August 1st; and those of 
1S10, 1830, and 1S40 were taken July 1st; so that the intervals between the second and 
third, and the fourth and fifth were two months less than ten years, while that between 



. 



|18 17.1 Notices of New Publications. 10:] 

I the third and fourth was two months more than ton years. These differences in the 
I length of the intervals affect the numerical results, but so slightly, as not to be matc- 

I rial ly important in the comparative results, especially lor so long a period as from 1790 

' to 1M0. The least increase discovered in any period is in tint embracing the time 
from 1^10 to 1820; probably owing in some decree to the war then existing with Great 

I Britain and the emigration of many citizens to the West. In the period from 17C-5 to 

| 17l'(), the increase was greater than it has ever been. 

The increase of Boston, in proportion to its inhabitants, from 17G5 to l"'.'!) was very 
much less than that of the country towns, while from 1790 to IS in it was very much 
greater, thus showing the modern tendency to centralization. Besides the great amount 
of statistical matter of which the above is an exceedingly brief epitome, it contains a 
table showing the average number of inhabitants in each year, according to the U. S. 
censuses, together with the increase, on the supposition of a uniform rate of increase 
in each year, the same being carried on to 1850, at the rate of increase from 18IJ0 to 

| 1810. Much other valuable matter is contained in this publication; manifestly ol great 
labor and of apparent accuracy. Such a work as this of Dr. Chickering was much 
needed to rectify the many errors which had arisen in the taking and computing the 
censuses. We only add, that could such a statistical view be taken of every state in 
the Union, many important facts would be discovered and many data be obtained, from 
which inferences might perhaps be drawn greatly interesting and useful. 

A Discourse delivered before The Maine Historical Society at its Annual Matin?. 
September 6 j 1846. Hy George Folsom. li .But I doubt not * * * it will 
prove a dery flourishing place, and he replenished with many /aire Towns and Cit- 
ies, it beiiig a Produce both fruit/id and pleasant." — F. Gorges. Description 
of the Province of Maine. Portland: Published for the Society. 1847. 

The subject of this discourse is the early discovery and settlement of Maine, and the 
character of those who were most active in the work of colonization. It clearly indi- 
cates the author to be a man of historical research not only in regard to the state of 
Maine, but also in respect to New England and the early settlers generally. It is well 
worth the careful perusal, both of those who are fond of historic lore, and those who 
are searching for truth ; as it contains facts which are important and are not generally 
known. 

Mr. Folsom concludes his discourse of 7<1 pa^es as follows : " In my humble opinion, 
Maine owes some public acknowledgment to the memory of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, 
for having laid the foundation of its existence as a separate and independent commu- 
nity. Bradford and Winthrop are names that will never die amongst their successors 
at Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay ; Pennsylvania will never forget her obligations 
to the illustrious Friend of humanity who peopled her wilderness ; nor will Georgia 
Buffer the memory of the enlightened Oglethorpe to perish ; Maryland has stamped the 
name of Baltimore upon her brilliant commercial metropolis, and North Carolina has 
her 'city of Raleigh,' although the projected colony of Sir Walter proved a splendid 
failure. And shall Maine do nothing to mark her sense of the merits of the liberal 
patron and successful abettor of the first settlements within her limits; who expended 
a large fortune upon his projects of discovery and colonization; who, when the coun- 
try was abandoned and denounced by others as too cold and dreary for human habita- 
tion, actually hired men to pass the winter here to prove the contrary; and who died 
without reaping any substantial return for all his labors and outlays, leaving only a 
legacy of lawsuits to his descendants 1 It is time that justice was done to his mem- 
ory. From the small beginning he made, this community has become a widely extend- 
ed, populous, and wealthy state — rich in her resources, and not less distinguished for 
the active enterprise and laborious industry of her population. She can well afford to 
honor the memory of the man who foresaw all this, and devoted the energies of a long 
life to its consummation." 

The Sin and Danger of Self-Lone, described in a Sermon preached at Plymouth, 
in New England, 1621, by Robert Cushman. With a Memoir of the Author. 
Boston: Published by Charles Ewer, and for sale by Crocker & Brewster, 
Samuel G. Drake, Little & Brown, James Munroe & Company, Benjamin Per- 
kins, and James Loring. Dec. 22, 1846. 

The text from which this sermon was written is, 1 Cor. x. : 21. Let no man seek his 
own: but every man another's wealth. It is divided into two parts: 1. A Dchortdtion, con- 



J01 



Notices of New Publications. 



[Jan. 



sisting of the first clause. 2. An Exhortation, comprising the latter clause. The design 
of the discourse was to keep up the noble flow of public spirit in the emigrants, which 
perhaps then began to abate, through their accumulating hardships and sufferings, bul 
which was necessary for their preservation and security. The author exhorti hit 
hearers to assist each other in iheir labors and toils, to distribute their property anions 
those that were needy, ami so far .is consistent to seek their neighbors' happiness unil 
prosperity. "The discourse is a precious relic of ancient times. The sound &ense. 
good advice, and pious spirit, which it manifests, will, it may Ik,' hoped, now, and in all 
future time, meet with approval and beneficial acceptance in our community." It is 
written in the quaint old-fashioned style of our Forefathers, and we noticed that the 
last head of remarks, which contains but one sentence, is just a page in length. The 
discourse is preceded by a Biographical Sketch of Mr. Cushman, by the late Hon. 
John Davis oi Boston, together with a letter from him to Charles Ewer, Esq., and a 
brief Address by .Mr. Cushman to "his Loving Friends the Adventurers for New Eng- 
land, together with all Well-Willers and Well- Wishers thereunto," dated " Plymouth 
in New England, December 12, 1621." These .several articles form a pamphlet of «')2 
pages, well printed, which, on account of its Christian and patriotic principles, should 
lie generally diil'used. Fortius improved edition, we are indebted to the liberality of 
the publisher. 

deficiencies in our History. An Address, delivered before the Vermont Jlistori- 
cal and Antiquarian Society, at Mont/pelicr, October 1(5, 18 1(5. with an Appendix 
containing the Charter, Constitution, anil By-Laws of the Society, the Vermont 
Declaration of 'Independence , January 15, 177 7, the Proceedings of the Convention^ 
4th of June, 1777, and the Song of the Vermoutcrs, in 1779. By James Davie 
Butler, Professor in Norwich University. Montpelier: Eastman and Danforlh. 
181(5. 

The design of this address seems to be, to illustrate the importance of preserving 
the fragmentary and unpublished history ot Vermont, a state which for interest in its- 
early history is surpassed by no other in the Union. Notwithstanding this, however, 
it has been greally neglected. Prof. Cutler urges strongly upon the members of the 
Society to exert themselves to repair the losses, and give to the world an honorable 
account of the Green Mountain State. While others have given partial and one-sided 
details of her history, no true son has arisen to vindicate her honor. Says Mr. Butler, 
'• Let us leave our history to be written by foreigners, and it will be the play of Hamlet 
with the part of Hamlet omitted. — The Genius of history says to us, all and each, that 
thou doest do quickly ; like the sibyl to the ancient king, she year by year brings with 
her fewer and fewer antique records, but unlike the sibyl demands for them an even 
increasing price. — The records of our fathers have in part perished with them, — some 
of them live in the memories of patriarchs, who still stand among us with eyes tin- 
dimmed and natural force not abated, as if on purpose that such as hold the pen of the 
ready writer may still embalm their sayings. — Let us redeem the time, since if our 
old men pass away unquestioned, no buried Pompeii can be raised from the grave to 
enlighten our wilful ignorance." The discourse is interspersed throughout with histor- 
ical gems, and in connection with the additional documents forms a valuable production. 

Professor Butler has kindly furnished us with a genealogical account of the Butler 
Family, which will be insetted in the next No. of the Register. 






I 

I 

i 






The Patrician : Edited by John Burke, Esq., Author of the Peerage, Landed 
Gentry, §c. May, 1846. London: E. Churton, 26 Holies Street, pp. 91. 

The dedication of the work is as follows : 

To the Right Honorable Lord Leigh, of Stoneleigh, the first volume of the Patrician 
is respectfully inscribed. 

The number before us is the first of the first volume. Ten have already been issued. 
It is a work devoted to History, Genealogy, Heraldry, Topography, Antiquities, and 
General Literature. Each number contains a long list of births, marriages, and deaths. 
The editor must be a man of varied learning, and particularly acquainted with the 
subjects of which he treats. The work is not adapted to the public generally, and 
must, therefore, be limited in circulation. As an English production it maybe inter- 
esting to the higher classes or nobility of England ; but it cannot attract the attention 
of Americans. 






' 




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,/W .////;v ff/h6tf//'Jt'r ///r f //////////' .*/>//,>//,■ . 



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■'"in !'• i- mil. l'i.M'i.,,1 di ., ,.,.„ v , ||, 



NEW ENGLAND 
HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER, 



VOL. I. APRIL, 1817. NO. 2. 



MEMOIR OF HON. SAMUEL SEWALL, 



CHIEF-JUSTICE OF THE PROVINCE OF MASSACHUSETTS BAY 



Samuel Sewall, son of Henry and Jane Sewall, was born at 
Bishop Stoke, in Hampshire, England, March 28, 1652. The fam- 
ily to which lie belonged was ancient and respectable. His great- 
grandfather was a linen-draper of the city of Coventry, "a prudent 

I man, who acquired a great estate," and was more " than once chosen 
mayor of the city." His grandfather, Henry Sewall, born in lo76, 
came to New England, lived in Newbury and Rowley, Ms., and 
died about 1655. Samuel, the subject of this memoir, was taught 
to read at Baddesly ; and was afterwards sent to a grammar-sehool 

| at Rumsey, of which a Mr. Figes was master. In 1661, he came 
to New England with his mother, his father having removed here 
previously. He was immediately put under the instruction of Rev. 
Thomas Parker of Newbury, with whom he continued six years, 
till his entrance into Harvard College, in 1667. His first degree he 
received under President Chauncy, in 1671. 

It was his original intention to enter the Christian ministry ; and 
with a view to it, he studied divinity, commenced preaching, and 
received encouragement to go to Woodbridgc, N. J., and settle: as a 
minister among that people, who went from Newbury, where his 
father lived. But his thoughts were probably diverted from the 
sacred profession by his marriage connection, in consequence of 
which he came into possession of great wealth, and the means of 
influence and usefulness in public life, lie was married, Feb. 28, 
1676, by Gov. Bradslreet, to Hannah Hull, daughter and sole heir 
7 



10G Memoir of [April, 

of John Hull, Esq., a goldsmith and highly respectable merchant in 
Boston, master of the mint for many years, and one ol the Assistants 

in 1GS3, the year in which he died. 

Mr. Sewall was chosen one of the Assistants in 16S4, '5, and 'G, 
when the Colony charter was annulled, and the ancient government 
was superseded by a President and Council. In 1C8S, during the 

oppressive administration of Sir Edmund Andres, when the titles 
of many to their lands, and of his among others, were questioned 
and in danger of being forfeited, he made a voyage to England. 
But on his return, in JGS9, Sir Edmund having withdrawn from the 
country, and the old Charter government having been revived, he 
resumed his seat at the Board of Assistants. In the Provincial 
charter, granted in 1G92, he was nominated to be of the Council; 
and afterwards, without interruption, was annually chosen and sat 
at the Board until 172-5, when being elected, he declined serving ; 
having survived more than seven years all who were appointed 
with him to that office in the charter. 

As one of the Assistants under the Colonial charter, Mr. Sewall 
was also ex officio a Judge of the Supreme Court. Soon alter the 
arrival of the Provincial charter in May, 1692, but before any courts 
of justice had been established and organized under it, he was 
appointed one of the Judges of a Special Court of Oyer and Ter- 
miner for the trial of persons charged with witchcraft, William 
Stoughton, Esq., being Chief-Jastice. It is well known, that at that 
time there was a general persuasion, not only in New England, but 
in the mother country, and throughout Europe, of the reality of 
those impious compacts with Satan, into which persons guilty of 
witchcraft were supposed to have entered, and of that diabolical 
power or influence, by which they were believed to act.-£ This 
court especially was under the delusion; and consequently nineteen 
persons of the many who were indicted and arraigned before it at 
Salem for this crime, were, at different times, tried, condemned, and, 
in pursuance of its sentence, executed. In this unhappy affair, the 

* Lord Chief-Justice Hale \v;is of iliis persuasion, and pronounced sentence of death upon 
persons suppose*} to he in league with Satan. A belief in witchcraft so prevailed in England 
as to hold in bondage 'lie best of men. Proof of this is (bund in the 72nd canon made by 
the clerical convocation in 1(303, and in the laws enacted against the crime itself. Isaac Am- 
brose, in his Treatise on the New Birth, directs persons seeking salvation to inquire, while 
searching out their sins, whether they have not sometimes been guilty of witchcraft. The fact 
of witchcraft was admitted by Lord Bacon and Mr. Addison. "Dr. Johnson more than 
inclined to the same side of the question ; and Sir William Blackstonc quite frowns on oppos- 
ers of this doctrine. These facts are mentioned not to justify Mr. Sewall and his associates 
on the bench ; but to show the injustice of selecting them as peculiarly guilty. The severe 
charges' which have been brought against the people of Salem, Gov. Wintbrop, Lr. Cotton 
Mather, and others of this country, lie equally against the most learned, pious, and eminent 
of mankind. This belief was the mania of the day. 



IS 17.] Hon. Samml Sewall 107 

Judges proceeded with great caution, asking advice of some of ihc 
wisest and best men in the community, and having the countenance 

of rulers, ministers, and in general of all classes of men. But the 
delusion was soon made manifest. Judge Sewall in particular was 
convinced of his error, in the part which he had taken in the court 
of trials; and often discovered deep regret and humiliation on 
account of it. He notes particularly in his Journal of Dee. 34, 
1696, on occasion of his son Samuel's reciting to him in Latin a 
portion of Matthew xii, " the 7th verse did awfully bring to mind 
the Salem Tragedie." And at a public Fast, Jan. 14, 1(397, in the 
order for which there was some reference to the doings of that court 
of Oyer and Terminer, and when he was under much aflliction on 
account of the death of an infant daughter and other troubles and 
crosses, he presented to Rev. Samuel Willard, his minister, a " bill," 
which was read in the worshipping assembly ; (he standing up 
while Mr. Willard read it. and bowing in token of assent when he 
had done;) in which, while with much delicacy he appears to have 
studiously avoided saying any thing that might seem to implicate 
the other judges, he acknowledged his own guilt in the decisions of 
that court, asked the pardon of it both of God and man, and depre- 
cated the Divine judgments on account of his sin or the sin of any 
other person, upon himself, his family, or the land. 

But though he thus condemned himself for the part he had acted 
in the trials at Salem, yet the public confidence did not appear to 
have been shaken, either in him or the other Judges. For on the 
first appointment of Judges of the Superior Court, under the Provin- 
cial charter, Dec. G, 1092, Mr. Sewall was chosen one. The others 
were William Stoughton, Chief-Justice, Thomas Danforlh, John 
Richards, and Wait-Still Winthrop, each of whom, excepting Mr. 
Danforth, had been members of the Court of Oyer and Terminer. 
April 10, 171S 5 he was appointed to succeed Wait-Still Winthrop 
as Chief-Justice of the Superior Court. And although from various 
causes there were numerous changes in this court in his day, yet 
lie still retained his seat on the bench until 17:2^; when, in conse- 
quence of his advanced years and increasing infirmities, he resigned 
it; having survived more than ten years all those wdio had been 
members of that court from the beginning, and having officiated 
in this capacity under the Colonial and Provincial governments 
| upwards of forty years. At the same lime, he also resigned his 
ollice of Judge of Probate for the county of Suffolk, to which he 
had been appointed by Lieut. Gov. Tailer, in 1715. 



lOS Memoir of [April, 

Chief-Justice Sewall was a man of distinguished piety. lie 
feared God from his youth, and apparently made it the main end 
of his life to glorify the God of his lathers, by walking humbly and 
unblamably before him. \lv was eminently a devout man ; eon- 
slant and exemplary in his attendance on the worship of God, both 
in his family, and in the public assembly. J le was a most diligent 
hearer of the preaching of the gospel. This is proved by his 
numerous manuscript volumes which still remain, containing the 
texts and general outlines of sermons and lectures, which he heard 
both at home and abroad. lie would often devote a whole day to 
fasting, reading the scriptures, and communion with God in secret. 
On such occasions, he would be abundant in prayer not only for 
himself, family, and near connections, but would also frequently 
pour out his enlarged desires in copious intercessions, (minutely 
enumerated in many instances in his Journal,) on behalf of the 
college ; the civil and religious interests of the town, province, and 
land in which lie dwelt; the aboriginal inhabitants and African 
slaves ; the destruction of papal tyranny, superstition, and usurpa- 
tion ; the universal extension and establishment of Christ's kingdom- 
He was a diligent student of the Scriptures, reading them in their 
inspired originals; and was prayerfully solicitous not only to receive 
and obey their instructions, but also, that the faith, worship, and 
practice of the whole church of God should be in exact conformity 
with them. The prophetic portions of the sacred volume he read 
with an inquisitive mind, and held some opinions respecting the 
events predicted in them, which would be considered singular at the 
present day. Upon these and kindred topics, he took a deep inter- 
est in conversing and corresponding with the Boston clergy gener- 
ally, and with such men abroad as the Rev. Messrs. Higgiuson and 
Noyes of Salem, Wise of Ipswich, Torrey of Weymouth, Walter 
of Roxbury, -and Stoddard of Northampton; President Wadsworlh 
of Harvard College-, and Rector Williams of Yah 1 College ; Gov. 
Saitonstall of Connecticut and Gov, Burnet of New York, after- 
wards of Massachusetts : with most of whom, remnants of his 
correspondence on these subjects are still in existence. In 1097 he 
published a work which he dedicated to Sir William Ashurst and 
Lieut. Gov. Stoughton, called " Pluenomcna Qmedam Apocalyp- 
tica," of which there was a second edition in 17:27; -and in 1713 
another work styled "Proposals touching the Accomplishment ot 
Prophecies." Both of these productions of his pen were apparently 
much read in his time, though they have now become obsolete. 






1847.] Hon. Samirct fe icall. 109 

Judge Sewall was warmly attached lo that system of faith, and 
to those forms of worship and government in the church, which 
were embraced and practised by the Puritan sonlcrs of New Eng- 
land. Occasionally he employed his pen in their illustration and 
defence. And he was strongly opposed to any innovations in 
doctrine, as well as jealous of any ceremonies or usages in divine 
service, that savored of human invention. Still he abhorred perse- 
cution, and exercised candor towards those who differed from him 
in their modes of worship or discipline, 

lie possessed an ardent desire for the universal spread and 
obedient reception of the gospel among mankind. He became 
particularly interested in the spiritual condition of the aboriginal 
natives, whom he believed, with the apostle Eliot, to be descendants 
of the ten captive! tribes of Israel. To encourage the praving 
Indians at Natiek, he occasionally met with them in their worship, 
and frequently gave them pecuniary assistance. To those at 
Sandwich, he contributed largely for building a meeting-house. 
And from Mather's Magnalia it would seem, that for some Indian 
congregation he erected a house of worship entirely at his own 
expense. Hence those Indians '-prayed for him under this character, 
'lie loveth our nation for he hath built us a synagogue.'" 

His zeal on behalf of the Indian natives being known, he was 
chosen in 1699 one of the Commissioners of the Society in Eng- 
land for the Propagation of the Gospel in New England and 
parts adjacent; and shortly after, their Secretary and Treasurer. 

His sympathy for the enslaved Africans was very great. In 1700 
he published a tract, entitled " The Selling of Joseph," in which he 
advocated their rights. In writing to Judge Addington Davenport, 
just before he sat on the trial of Samuel Smith of Sandwich, for 
killing his negro, he uses the following language: "The poorest 
boys and girls in this Province, such as are of the lowest condition, 
whether they be English, or Indians, or Ethiopians; they have 1 lie 
same right to religion and life, that the richest heirs have. And 
they who go about to deprive them of this right attempt the bom- 
barding of Heaven; and the shells they throw will fall down on 
their own heads." 

John Saflin, a judge of the same court with Judge Sewall, and 
a slave-holder, printed an answer to " The Selling of Joseph," to 
which Judge Sewall alludes in a letter to Rev. John Higginson of 
Salem, then the oldest minister in the Province, and one of the 
most venerated men in New England. The letter is dated April 






110 Memoir of [April, 

13, 170(3, and the allusion is, " Amidst the frowns and hard words 1 
have met with for this undertaking, it is no small refreshment to me, 
that I have the learned, reverend and aged Mr. Higginson for my 
abettor. By the interposition of this breast work, I hope to carry 
on and manage this enterprise with safety and success/' In a letter 
to Henry Newman at London, afterwards agent for the Province of 
New Hampshire, which accompanied a copy of " The Selling of 
Joseph," he desires him to do something "towards taking away 
this wicked practice of Slavery," expressing the opinion that 
there would "be no progress in gospeiling" until slavery was 
abolished. 

Judge Sewall was a proficient in classical learning, and a friend 
of learning and learned men. Such was the confidence in liis 
wisdom and discernment by the founders and Trustees of Yale 
College, that he was employed by them in 1701, together with 
Hon. Isaac Addington, to draw up statutes for the regulation of 
their infant seminary. And of Harvard College, of which he was 
sometimes a Resident Fellow, and afterwards, as a member of the 
Council, one of the Board of Overseers for many years, he was a 
warm and steady friend and liberal benefactor. 

In his judicial capacity, he was a person of -distinguished integ- 
rity and uprightness; administering the laws of the land with 
justice and impartiality, mingled with clemency; a terror to evil 
doers, and a praise to such as did well. 

He was also a person of eminent humility and meekness, 
benevolence and charity. His house was a seat of hospitality, 
ever open to all good men. The learned found him an intelligent 
companion ; the ministers of the gospel a liberal patron and friend. 
He visited the fatherless and widow in their aflliction, and gave 
much alms to the needy, especially to indigent ministers or their 
bereaved families. He distributed in the course of the last year 
of his life four hundred copies of such publications as Mitchel on 
the Glory of Heaven, Walter on the Holiness of Heaven, Lee's 
Triumph of Mercy, Mather's Mighty Saviour, Mather's Glory of 
Christ, Higginson's Legacy of Peace, Loring on the New Birth, 
The Strait Gate, Faith and Fervency in Prayer, Gibbs's Sermon to 
Little Children, as is particularly noted in his Almanac for that 
year. His last illness was of about a month's continuance. He 
died in a triumphant hope of immortal life and glory, on the morn- 
ing of Jan. 1, 17^9-30, in the seventy-eighth year of his age. 

Judge Sewall was thrice married; 1. to Hannah Hull, daughter 



1847.] lion. Samuel Sewall. 111 

of Hon. John Hull; 2. to widow Abigail Tilley; and 3. to 
widow Mary Gibbs, who survived him. He hud children by his 

first wife only; namely, seven sons and seven daughters, Of 
these fourteen children only six lived to mature age, and only three 
survived him. We purposely omit in this article a further account 
of the family, as we intend to give in some future No. of this work, 
a full Genealogical Memoir of the Sewall Family. 

Judge Sewall left numerous volumes of manuscripts, indicative 
of his industry and attentive observation. Among them, beside 
several small volumes of a miscellaneous character, are, 

1. A Journal of occurrences, \c, from Dec, 1G73, to July, 
1G77. This was destroyed by a fire at Boston, in 1824 ; but a copy 
of it had been previously taken, which yet remains. 

2. Three volumes of Journals, from Feb., 1684-5, to Oct., 1729, 
within three months of his death. Also, a small volume, being a 
Journal of his voyage to England, &c, in 1688. 

3. A Letter Book, containing copies of his letters to his cor- 
respondents, and in some instances, of theirs to him; from Feb.? 
1685-6, to Sept., 1729. 

4. A Common Place Book in quarto, containing extracts from 
authors in English and Latin on various subjects which he had 
read. 

5. Five volumes in 12rno, containing sketches of sermons 
and lectures, which he heard at home and abroad. 

For most of the above facts, we are indebted to the Rev. Samuel 
Sewall of Burlington, and the late John Farmer, Esq., of Concord, 
N. II. 



LETTER OF THE FIRST CHIEF-JUSTICE SEWALL TO HIS SON, 
SAMUEL SEWALL, ESQ., OF BROOKLINE, GIVING AN ACCOUNT 
OF HIS FAMILY. 

Boston, jpril 21, 1720. 

Dear Son, 

You have often desired, that I would give you some account of the family of 
which you arc. And altho' I aim much less ab e to doe any thing of this nature now 
when I have been leftofmvde.tr Parents very near Twenty years, yet considering the 
longer I stay, the more unlit I shall be, lake what 1 have to say as follows; 

Mr. Henry Sewall, my great Grandfather, was a Linen Diaper in the City of Coven- 
try in Great Britain. He acquired a great Estate, was a prudent .Man, and was more 
than once chosen .Mayor of the City. 

Mr. Henry .Sewall, my Grandfather, was his eldest Son, who out of dislike to the 
English Hierarchy sent over Ins only Son, my Father, Mr. Henry Sewall, to New 
England in the year 103 1, with Net Cattel and Provisions sutable for a new' Plantation. 
Mr. Cotton would have had my Father settle at Boston; but in regard of his Cattel he 
chose to goc to Newbury, whither my Grandfather soon followed him. Where also my 
Grandfather Mr. Stephen Hummer and Alice his wife likewise dwelled under the 
Ministry of the Reverend Mr. Thomas Parker and Mr. James Noyes. 



112 Letter, pf Chief -Justice Sewall. [April, 

On the 25th March, LGIG, Richard Saltonstall, V.^\. Grandfather of Gurdon SaltoiW 
Stall, Esq. now Uovernourpf Connecticut, joined together in Marriage rriy father Mr, 
Henry Sewall, and mv Mother Mrs Jane Dummer, eldest Child of Mr. Stephen Hum- 
mer aforesaid, and Alice his wife : my father being then about 32, and my Mothet 

about ID years of aire. 

But tin' Climat being nol agreeable to my Grandfather and Grandmother Uummer, 
(whose Maiden name was Archer) they returned to England the Winter following, and 
my Father with them, and dwelt awhile at Warwick, and afterwards removed to 
Hampshire. My Sister Hannah Tappin, their eldest Child, was born at Tunworth 
May lUth, 1G-19. Baptised by Mr. Ilaskins. I was born at Bishop Stoke, March 28, 
1652; so that the lL'ht of the Lord's Day wax the first light that my Eyes »aw, being 
horn a little before day-break. I was baptised by Mr. Rashlv, (sometime Member of 
the Old Church in Boston) in Stoke Church May 4th, 1002. Mr. Rashly first preached 
a Sermon, and then baptised me. After which an entertainment was made for him and 
many. more. Some months after, my Father removed to Badesly, where my Brother 
John Sewall wis bom Oct. 10. 1G&1, and was baptised in mv Father's House Nov.29 
by Mr. Henry Cox, Minister of Bishop Stoke. My brother Stephen Sewall was horn 
at Bade^y Au- 19th, 1G57, baptised in my lather's house by the said Mr. Cox. * * 
* * * My Father had made one Voyage to New England to \isit my Grandfather 
Mr. Henry Sewall. And in the year 1639, lie went thither again; his rents at Newbury 
coming to very little when remitted to England. In my father's absence, October 2^ 
1659, my Sister J.iwq Ge'rrish was born at Badesly and was baptised by Mr. Cox at 
Bishop Stoke in the house of Mr. Boys. 

At this Badesly, by the merciful goodness of 0<xl, I was tau.?ht to read English. And 
afterwards was educated in the Grammar School at Kumsey of which Mr. 1'igcs was 
Master. 

Mv Father sent for my Mother to come to him to New England. I remember being 
at Bishop Stoke and Badesly, April 23", lGGl, the day of the Coronation of K Charles 
the 2d, the Thunder and Lightening of it. Quickly after my Mother went to Win- 
chester with 5 small Children, Hannah, Samuel, John. Stephen and Jane; and John 
Nash and Mary Hobs h' v r Servants; there to be in a readiness for the Pool Waggons. 
At this place her near Relations, especially my very worthy and pious Uncle Mr. Ste- 
phen Dummer took leave with Tears. Capt. Dunimer oi' Swathling treated us with 
Raisins and Almonds. My Mother lodged in Pump-yard London, waiting for the going 
of the Ship, the prudent Mary, Capt. Isaac VVoodgreen Commander. Went by water 
to Graves-End where the Ship lay. Took in Sheep at Dover. Passengers in the Sin;* 
at the same time were Major Brown, a young brisk Merchant, and a considerable 
Freighter, Mr. Gilbert and his wife, He was Minister at Topsfield: Madam Bradstreet 
[then Gardener] Mrs. Martha, Mr. Pitkins Sister, who died lately at Windsor, and many 
others. We were about eight weeks at Sea, where we had nothing to see but Water 
and the Sky; so that I began to fear I should never get to Shoar again ; only I thought 
the Capt. and Mariners would not have ventured themselves if they had not hopes of 
getting to Land again. Capt. Woodgreen arrived here on Salterday. I was overjoyed 
to see Land again, especially being so near it as in the Narrows. 'Twas so late by that 
time we got to the Castle, that our men held a discourse with them whether they 
should ii re or no, and reckoned 'twas agreed not to doe it. But presently after the Castle 
fired; which much displeased the Ship's Company; and then they fired. On the Lord's 
day my Mother kept aboard ; but I went ashoar, the Boat grounded, and 1 was carried 
out in arms July G, 11)61. My Mother Lodg'd at Mr. Richard Collicott's. This week 
there was a publick Thanksgiving. My Father hastened to Boston and carried his 
Family to Newbury by Water in Mr. Lewis * * * Brother Tapan has told me our 
arrival there was upon Lecture-day which was Wednesday. Mr. Ordway carried rne 
ashore in his Canoe. We sojourned at Mr. Titcomh's. My Father presently sent me 
to school to the Reverend and Excellent Mr. Thomas Parker, with whom I continued 
till my entrance into the College; being admitted by the very learned and pious Mr. 
Charles Chauncey. 

Sept. 3. 1062 Mother was brought to bed of Sister Anne, Mr. Joshua Moodey the 
Minister's Mother being her Midwife. Baptised by Mr. Parker. 

May 8. 1665 Sister Mehetabel was born : Baptised by Mr. Parker. She became wife 
to the midwife's Grandson Mr. William Moodey. Dorothy Sewall (now Northend) was 
born Oct. 29. 16GS. Baptised by Mr. Parker. 

At this time the commencement was in August. In the year 1GG7 my father brought 
me to be admitted, by which means I heard Mr. Richard Mather of Dorchester preach 
Mr. Wilson's Funeral Sermon. " Your Fathers u-hnc arc they .<"' I was admitted by the 
very learned and pious Mr. Charles Chauncey, who gave rne my first Degree in the 
year 1071. There were no Masters in that year. These Bachelours were the last Mr. 
Chauncey gave a degree to, for he died the February following. 

In July 1672, Dr. Hoar came over with his Lady and sojourned with your Grandfa- 



18-17.] Col Gdokin's Letter. 113 

iher Hull. Flo ( Dr. Hoar) was my Aunt Quincey's Brothtr, and preacheil as an assist- 
nut, lo the Rev. Mr Thomas Thacher at the South Church. The College quickly 
called him In he President. He was installed in the College Hall in December 1072. 
Gov. Bellingham lay dead in his Mouse, and Dep. Gov. Lcverett was the Chief Civil 
Magistral present ut that Solemnity. The March following Mrs. Bridget Hoar, now 
Cotton, w, is hoi u in C-imbrid-jn In 1*'<7I I look my 2d l)e«iree,nnd Mrs. Hannah Hull, 
my dear Wife, your honoured Mother, was invited by the Dr. and his Lady to be with 
Ihem a while at Cambridge. She saw me when I took my Degree and set her afli ction 
on me, tlio 1 I knew nothing of it till alter our Marriage; which was February 2Sth. 
1675-G. Gov. Bradstreet married us in that we call the Old Hall; 'twas then all in 
one, a very large Room. As I remember. M id am Thacher and Madam Paige, with 
whom Gov. Bradstreet hoarded, visited us the next day. 

On the 2d o( April, 1077, it pleased find to favour us with the birth of your brother 
John Sewall, our first-born. In .Inn.; 107.S you were born. Your brother lived till the 
September following, and then died So that b) the undeserved Goodness of God your 
.Mother and I never were without a child after the 'id of April 1077. 

In the Fall 107S, I was seized with the Small Pocks and brought very near to. death; 
so near that I was reported to be dead. But it pleased GOD of Lis Mercy to Recover 
me. Multitudes died, two of my special Piiends: viz. Mr. John Npyes. and Ensign 
Benjamin Thirston.who both died while I lay <ick: and Mr. William Dnmmer, Son 
of Jeremiah Durnmer Esq.; aged about 19 years. Presently after my Recovery, in 
December, Col. Townsend and I were hearers to Mr. Joseph Tappin, one of the most 
noted Shop-keepers in Boston 

And now what sh ill I render to the Lord fnr all his benefits ? The good Lord help 
me to walk humbly and Th inkfully with Him all my days ; and profit by Mercies and 
by Afflictions ; that through Faith and Patience I may also indue time fully inherit 
the Promises. Let us incessantly pray lor each other, that it may be so ! 

Sa.m i'i:l Sewall. 

Aust. 2G, 1720. 












[Postcript to the above letter, by the son of the writer, Samuel Sewall, Esq., of 
Brooklin \ to whom the letter was addressed. 

"June 30th, 17 J'.'. Ret" 1 the following ac of my Hon' 1 Father: viz. my Great Grand- 
father Sewall lived at Newbury at Old ToWn Green where the first Sleeting House 
stood; and upon the Removal of the Meeting House where it now stands (being Mr. 
Tappin's Meeting House) lie sold his House and Ground and moved to Rowley where 
he died and was Buried."] 



COL. GOOKLYS LETTER TO REV. NATHANIEL GOOKIN OF HAMP- 
TON, N. II. 

Philadelphia, 0'"- 22'' 1710. \ 

Dr. sr, 

The business of y e Province sometimes requires me to visit y e extreme parts of 
it and 1 am often obliged to stay at New Castle y chief town of y e next Government, 
and by that means miss many opportunities of answering my friends' letters, this and 
having very little to write that could entertain y are y e reasons y have not heard from 
me of late. I have had two letters from y since I wrote y° last y e 3 d of Oct 1 '. By 
letters from Ireland 1 am informed two of our relatives are lately dead, viz. Robirt 
Gookin, son of my Uncle Robert, ami Augustine Gookin, eldest son of my Uncle Charles. 
My own affairs in y government are very likely to improve, for y last assembly who 
were extremely y c Proprietor's enemies and against raising money for y° support of 
Gover'nt, a-e everyone, laid by this election, and such men chosen as 1 believe will 
answer his expectations arid mine. 

By the packet 1 have letters from y c Proprietor, wherein he tells mee he ha« more 
friends in this ministry than in y c la^-t. and gives me fresh assurances of his friend in 
case he resigns y government to y crown, \\ hich he thinks he shall find it his interest 
to do. I shall not give y° any account of y 1 ' public affairs since y e will be bitter in- 
formed by y c prints. I shall not add, but only desire y will not take my backwardness 
in writing in an unkind sense, but believe 1 have a due regard lor all my relations and 
that 1 am in a more particular manner 

[Superscription.] D r Coss" y r very alloc 10 Kinsman 

To the Reverend Mr. Nath' Gookin, and Servt 

att Hampton, N. Hampshire, Ciias. Gookin. 

Free Cu. Gookin, via Boston. 






114 History of the [April, 

HISTORY OF Till- PILGRIM SOCIETY, 

WITH A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE EAULY SETTLEMENT OF PLYMOUTH COLONY. 

As introductory to a notice of the Pilgrim Society, the narra- 
tion of a few facts in reference to the early settlement of New 

England may be neither inappropriate nor uninteresting. It will 
serve also to elucidate mure fully the objects of the Society. 

Religious persecution was the chief cause of the emigration of 
our forefathers to this country. The memorable Reformation, 
effected principally by the instrumentality of Luther and Calvin, 
appeared in England in 1534, under Henry VIII. During its pro- 
gress, in the reigns of Mary, Elizabeth, and James L, those who 
were denominated Puritans^* were subjected to the most cruel op- 
pression. Thousands suffered martyrdom; many were banished; 
and others were doomed to perpetual imprisonment. 

Those Puritans who lived in the north of England were, on 
account of their dispersed stale, divided, in the year 1G0G, into two 
distinct churches. With one of these was connected the celebrated 
John Robinson, who afterwards became its minister. Persecuted 
for non-conformity lo the established church, he, with a part of his 
congregation, that they might worship God according to the dic- 
tates of their consciences, removed in 1007-8 to Amsterdam, in 
Holland, where religious toleration was then sanctioned by law; 
and soon after, (in 1609,) they went to Leydcn, where they formed 
themselves into a church, according to the pattern prescribed, as 
they supposed, by the word of God. In that place they remained 
till their removal to America. " Their motives for this," (their 
removal,) "were to preserve the morals of their youth; to prevent 
them, through want of employment, from leaving their parents and 
engaging in business unfriendly to religion; to avoid the incon- 
veniences of incorporating with the Dutch; to lay a foundation for 
propagating the gospel in the remote parts of the world; and, by 
separating from all the existing establishments in Europe, to form 
the model of a pure church, free from the admixture of human 

* The term Puritan was originally a term of reproach, though now one of commenda- 
tion. Neal, in his History of the Puritans, speaks thus of then: : - IT a man maintained Ins 
steady adherence lo the doctrines of Calvin and the Synod, of Dort ; if he kept the Sabbath 
and frequented sermons ; if he maintained family religion and would neither swear nor lie 
drunk, nor comply with the fashionable vices of ihe limes, he was called a Pwit in.' y The 
Puritans arose in the reign of Queen Klizahcth. After the famous Act of Unaibrmity, or, as 
it is called, the Bartholomew Act, passed by the English Parliament, hi UiiW, they were 
called Non-conformists. .Since thai period they have been more generally denominated 
Dissenters. 



1317.] Pilgrim Society. LIS 

additions." What Lord Brougham, of England, has said of the 
Norlli American colonics in general, is most strictly and emphati- 
cally true of these individuals in particular. "All idea of wealth 

or pleasure was out of the question. The greater part of them 
viewed their emigration as taking up the cross, and bounded their 
hopes oi* wealth to the gifts of the Spirit, and their ambition lo the 
desire of a kingdom beyond the grave. A set of men more con- 
scientious in their doings, or simple in their manners, never founded 
any commonwealth." 

Such were the reasons which induced the founders of New 
England to leave all that was dear to them in England and Holland, 
and to remove to these then inhospitable shores; reasons sufficient 
tn affect the minds, hearts, and conduct of some of the best men 
that ever lived' Speaking of them, Governor Stoughton remarked. 
" God sifted a whole nation that he might send choice grain over 
into this wilderness." 

In accomplishing their object, "it was agreed by the English 
congregation at Leyden, that some of their number should go to 
America to make preparation for the rest. Mr. Robinson,^ their 
minister, was prevailed on to stay with the greater part at Leyden ; 
Mr. Brewstcr,f their elder, was to accompany the first adventurers, 
but these and their brethren remaining in Holland were to continue 
to be one church, and to receive each other to Christian communion 
without a formal dismission, or testimonial. Several of the congre- 
gation sold their estates and made a common bank, which, together 
with money received from other adventurers, enabled them to pur- 
chase the Speedwell, J a ship o{ sixty tons, and to hire in England 

* Tlic Rev. Mr. Robinson never came to Now England as he intended ; but dii d at Ley- 
den, March 1, ]»-■.'•"), m the lifiieth year of his aye. I lis widow and children a Iter wards came 
to Plymouth. Mr R.objn*ou rcveived a university education in England, and ranked among 
the first divines of his age Prince, the .New England Annalist, in his Chronology, thus 
speaks of him; ■• lie was highly esteemed both by the eily and university of Leyden, lor his 
learning,, piety, moderation, and excellent accomplishments. The magistrates, clergy, and 
scholars) lamented hi> death as a public loss." 

t Mr William Brewster was born in England, lfx',0, was educated at the University of Cam- 
bridge, and became a zealous Puritan. Ilen.-i.led in thenurthof Endand and when tin; ehurch 
was foru^ed over which the Rev. Messrs. Kiehard Cilfiou and .John Robinson were oidained 
as pastors, the members met at his house on Lord's day for worship, so long as they were 
permitted by the eivil authorities. When the church, with their pastors. on account ol perse- 
cution, had removed iu Holland. Mr. Brewster was elected Ruling Elder. Alter the arrival 
of tti j Pilgrims at Plymouth, he usually preached to them twice every Sabbath for nine years, 
as they had 110 regular minister till Mr. Ralph Smith was ordained their pastor, in U'rJ'j; but 
he never administered the sacraments, lie was a man in whom the ehurch reposed the 
most unlimited eonlidenec in respect to all their spiritual affairs. r\>r piety he was eminent 
For human as well as sacred literature, he had a threat laSo ; and at his death, which occurred 
April lei. It*. 1 1. being v; V e irs old; he left a handsome library valued in that .la\ at fhrty-tluce 
pounds a catalogue of which is to be found in the colony records.-— Ml> us !'>>-■ Dirt. 

\ The ship Speedwell, commanded by Capt. Rcyno'ds, proved leaky and unlit for the 
voyage, and was discharged from service before the Pilgrims left Plymouth, The whole 
company, therefore, whieh came over to this country, were passengers in the May Mower 



116 History of the [April, 

the May FJoWer, a ship of one hundred and eighty Ions, for the 
intended enterprise." # 

The following graphic description of the attachment of the Pil« 
grirns to each oilier, and of their pious views and feelings on t lie 

occasion of their separation, is found in Morton's New England 
Memorial. 

"Being prepared to depart, they had a solemn day of humiliation, 
the pastor teaching a part of the day very profitably, and suitably to 
the present occasion ; the text of Scripture was Ezra viii : 21. The 
rest of the time was spent in pouring out of prayers unto the Lord, 
with great fervency, mixed with abundance of tears. — When they 
came to the place," (Delftshaven,) "they found the ship and all 
things ready; and such of their friends as could not come with 
them, followed after them, and sundry came from Amsterdam to see 
them shipped, and to take their leave of them. One night was 
spent with little sleep with the most, but with friendly entertainment, 
and Christian discourse, and other real expressions of Christian love. 
The next day, the wind being fair, they went on board, and their 
friends with them, where truly doleful was the sight of that sad and 
mournful parting, to hear what sigh-, and sobs, and prayers did 
sound amongst them ; what tears did gush from every eye, and 
pithy speeches pierced each other's heart, that sundry of the Dutch 
strangers, that stood on the quay as spectators, could not refrain 
from tears : Yet comfortable and sweet it was, to see such lively 
and true expressions of dear and unfeigned love. — Their reverend 
pastor falling down on his knees, and they all with him, with watery 
cheeks, commended them with most fervent prayers unto the Lord 
and his blessing; and then with mutual embraces and many lears, 
they took their leave one of another, which proved to be the last 
leave lo many of them." 

On the 6th of September, 1620, the adventurers sailed from 
Plymouth, in the May Flower, and, on the 9th of November, they 
arrived, after enduring a perilous voyage, in sight of Cape Cod. 
Having entered the harbor, they, on the 11th day of the month, 
after prayer and thanksgiving, subscribed a written instrument, by 
which they were made a body politic. The covenant entered into 
was signed by forty-one individuals, who, with their families, 
amounted to one hundred and one persons. Air. John Carver was 
unanimously elected Governor of the colony for one ycar.f Though 

* Holmes's American Annals. 

| Governor Carver died greatly lamented on the ~tli of April following, having sustained 



18-17, 



Pilgrim Society. 



117 






these adventurers undertook their enterprise under the authority and 
sanction of a royal charter, yet they commenced their political exist- 
ence as a republic. December 2*2, 1620, they disembarked and 
went on shore. The place when; they landed, called by the Indians 
Paluxet, they named Plymouth, alter the town in England from 
which they last sailed. 

Such was the origin of the settlement of the Plymouth colony. 

Sentiments of high respect for the principles and character of the 
first settlers of New England have been cherished in every suc- 
ceeding generation of their descendants. They have been eager to 
reward their inestimable service by commemorating their virtues 
and piety, and by preserving a recollection of their sufferings, reso- 
lution, and noble deeds, in so glorious a cause. In doing this they 
have been actuated by the dictates of nature, reason, and gratitude. 

On January 13, 1701), when the storm of British oppression was 
gathering, and the time for open and decided resistance to the 
crown was at hand, an association called the " Old Colony Club" 
was formed at Plymouth, consisting of some of the principal men 
of that place and vicinity ; and on December 22, of that year, the 
u Landing" of the Forefathers" was first celebrated.^ The Wins- 



Ihe office of chief-magistrate hut four months and twenty>four days. " lie was a man of great 
prudence, integrity, and tirmness of mind. Ik- had a goad estate in England, which he spent 
in the migration to 1 lolland and America. I l-e was one oi the foremost in action, and hore a 
large share of suffering in the service of the colony, who eoniided in him -as its friend and 
father. Piety, humility, and benevolence, were eminent trails in his character." — Dr. Jj, 'knap. 

On the death of Governor Carver, although only ihirtv-two years old, and confined at the 
time by sickness, Mr. William Bradford Was unanimously elected his successor. a> Governor 
of the colony. He conducted the a Hairs of the colony for the great part ol the time, as chief, 
and two or three years a-* second magistrate, with consummate prudence and ability torn 
period of more than thirty-one years. — In lu-> youth, he embraced the doctrines which were 
taught by the venerable Clifton", and afterwards by Robinson, and became one ot' their most 
devoted followers. 1 fe applied himself with great diligence to the study of the ancient lan- 
guages, both Latin and Greek. Uflhe Hebrew his knowledge was intimate, and the French 
and Dutch ho spoke with ease, tie re. id much on subjects of history and philosophy. In 
theology he was deeply versed, and lew there were who could contend with him successfully 
in a polemical dispute, lie wrote considerably : the loss of his valuable manuscript history 
Of the colony to lull), can never be supplied. — Dr. Timelier 1 s History of Plymouth. 

* The Ibllowiug dishes wen- served tip for entertainment on the lirst anniversary ; and 
the account is here inserted .is a matter of curiosity: " 1, a large baked Indian whortleberry 
pudding; 2, a dish of sauii'uelach (Miccatach, corn and beans boiled together) ; ■•, a dish of 
clams; 4, a dish of oysters ar.d a dish of cod fish; fj, a haunch of venison, roasted by the 
lirst jack brought to the colotiv ; b, a dish oi roasted sea fowl ; 7. a dish of frost lish and eels ; 
8, an apple pie ; U, -a -course of -cranberry tarts and cheese made in the Old Colony." — JJr. 
Tltttvlicr's llistu,i/ of Plymouth, 

The following toasts were aUo given ^\\ the occasion : 

1. To the memory of our brave and pious ancestors, the lirst settlers of the Old Colony. 

2. To the memory of John Carver and all the other worth} Governors of the Old Colony. 
.'!. To the memory of that pious man and faithful historian, Mr. Secretary .Morton 

•1. To the memory of that brave man and good ollieer, Capt. Miles blandish. 

5. To the memory of Massasnit, our lirsi and best friend, and ally of the Natives. 



\iO 



I" 



cached 



c lirst seri 



New 



o. lo the memory of Mr. Robert Cuahm 
England. 

7. The union of the Old Colony and Massachusetts. 

S. May every person be possessed o( ihc same noble sentimen 
that our worthy ancestors were endowed with, 

'.». May every clieuiy to civil ov religious liberty meet the same or a worse fate than Arc! 
bishop Laud. 



.u>t ai 



irary power 



US History of the [April, 

lows, Watsons, and Howlandd were amoifg those who were the 
most prominent. Major-General John Window of Marsh field, 
who had been an cmincnl officer in the war between England and 
France, in l?oi — ITG'2, General Pcleg Wadrsworlh, Colonel (la- I 

malicl Bradford, and lion:. George Partridge of Duxbnry, Hon. 
William Sever and General John Thomas of Kingston, Colonel 
Alexander Scamrnell, then a teacher of youth in Plymouth, and 
afterwards a distinguished officer in the American Revolution, 
were original or early members of the Society. 

'• In the year 1773 the Association was dissolved, in consequence 
of conflicting opinions existing among its members, in relation to 
the American Revolution," and two of the early members of the 
Club left the country, from attachment to the British government. 

The following gentlemen have delivered sermons or addresses, 
by the request of the " Old Colony Club," or of the inhabitants of 
the town, or of the members of some one of the religions societies, 
at the times of the anniversary at Plymouth, on the '2'2nd of Decem- 
ber. Edward Winslow, Jr., Esq., Plymouth ; Rev. Chandler Rob- 
bins, D. D., Plymouth; Rev. Charles Turner, Duxbnry; Rev. Cad 
Hitchcock', D. D., Pembroke; Rev. Samuel Baldwin, Hanover; 
Rev. Sylvanus Conant, Middleborough ; Rev, Samuel West, D. D., 
Dartmouth; Rev. Timothy Ililliard, Barnstable; Rev. William 
Shaw, I). D., Marsh field ; Rev. Jonathan Moore, Rochester ; Doct. 
Zaccheus Bartlett, Plymouth ; Hon. John Davis, LL. D., Boston ; 
Rev. John Allyne, D. D., Duxbnry; Hon. John Quincy Adams, 
LL. D., Quincy ; Rev. John Thornton Ivirkland, D. D., Cam- 
bridge ; Rev. Jonathan Strong, D. D., Randolph; Rev. James 
Kendall, D. D., Plymouth ; Alden Bradford, LL. D., Boston ; 
Rev. Abiel Holmes, D. D., Cambridge ; Rev. James Freeman, 
D. D., Boston ; Rev. Adoniram Jndson, Plymouth ; Rev. Thad- 
deus Mason Harris, D. D., Dorchester ; Rev. Abiel Abbot, D. D., 
Beverly; Rev. John Elliot, D. D., Boston ; Rev. James Flint, D. D., 
Salem ; Rev. Ezra Goodwin, Sandwich ; Rev. Horace Holley, 
LL. D., Boston; Hon. Wendell Davis, Sandwich; and Hon. 
Francis Calley Cray, Boston. 

As the '' Old Colony Club" had for many years ceased to act as 
a society, and had, in fact, ceased to exist, that the object of the 
annual celebration of the " Landing of our Forefathers " might be 

10. May the Colonies be speedily delivered from all the burihcns and oppressions they now 
labor under. 

11. A speedy and lasting union between Great Britain and her Colonic*. 

12. Unanimity, prosperity, and happiness to the Colonies. — RussclVs Guide to lHymouth. 



1847.] Pilgrim Society. 119 

better accomplished, a society was formed, November 9, 1819. by 
the name of the " Old Colony Pilgrim Society,"' and immediately 

wont into operation. The Hon. Joshua Thomas, William .lack- 
son, and Nathaniel M. Davis, Esqs., were chosen a committee oii 
behalf of the Society, to petition the General Court for an act of 
incorporation. On February 24, 1820, the Society was incorporat- 
ed and made a body politic, by the name of the " Pilgrim Society.' 
The design of the institution may in part be learned from a clause 
in the first section of the act of incorporation, which is, "to perpet- 
uate the memory of the virtues, the enterprise, and unparalleled 
sufferings of their ancestors/' 

The "Landing of our Forefathers" was first celebrated by the 
Pilgrim Society, December 22, L820, that being the completion of 
the second century, since the settlement of New England, or the 
landing of the Pilgrims. This event, which, in a most important 
sense, gave existence to the nation, with all that is valuable in it.-> 
civil, literary, and religious establishments, was observed that year 
with more than u>ual solemnity and interest. The Hon. Daniel 
Webster delivered an address^ on tin; occasion, worthy of himself 
and the memory of those whose character and sufferings he so 
eloquently portrayed. A large concourse of people attended the 
celebration, and were escorted to the place of public service by the 
Standish Guards, a military company so called in honor oi' Capt. 
Miles Standisli.f 

There were present on the occasion, a delegation from the Mas- 
sachusetts Historical Society, and from the American Antiquarian 
Society. The Hon. Judge Davis addressed the Pilgrim Society on 
behalf of the former institution, and the Hon. Levi Lincoln on 
behalf of the latter. The Rev. Dr. Kendall replied to the one. and 
Alden Bradford, Esq., replied to the other. The kindest senti- 
ments and feelings universally prevailed, and the occasion was one 
of great satisfaction and rejoicing. 

The Pilgrim Society, as such, annually commemorates the day 
on which our Forefathers landed at Plymouth. On some of these 
anniversaries, addresses have been delivered; in 1820, by Hon. 

* Tho address was published, and has passed through several editions, and been a source 
of considerable income to the .Society. 

t It is said of ('apt. Sland'ish, lie possessed much native talent, was decided, ardent, 
resolute, and persevering, indillen :nt to danger, a bold and hardy man, stern, austere, and 
unyielding; of exemplary piety, and of incorruptible integrity; " an iron-nerved Puritan, who 
could hew down forests and live on crumbs." 

The Rev. John Thornton Kirkland, I). ]>.. President of Harvard College, and the Rev. 
Eteazar Whcolock, D. D., first President of Dartmouth College, were descendants of ('apt. 
Standish. 



120 History of Uie [April, 

Daniel Webster; in 1324, by Hon. Ed\yard Everett; in LS29, by' 

lion. William Sullivan; in L831, by Rev. George Washington 
Blagdeu; in L835, by Hon. Peleg Spraguc ; in 1S37, by Rev. 
Robert. B. Hall; in 1833. by Rev. Thomas Robbins, D. J).; and in 
1845, by Joseph R. Chandler, Esq. Since 1S20, at the request of 

some religions society or association, the following gentlemen have 
delivered addresses on these anniversary occasions, though not spe- 
cially before the Pilgrim Society; Rev. Richard S. Storrs, D. I)., 
Braintrce; Rev. Lyman Beccher, J). D., Boston; Rev. Samuel 
Green, Boston; Rev. Daniel Huntington, North Bridgewaler ; Rev. 
Benjamin 1>. Wisner, D. P., Boston ; Rev. John Codman, 1). D., 
Dorchester; Rev. Convers Francis, D. I)., Watertown ; Rev. Jona- 
than Bigelow, Rochester; Rev. Samuel Barrett, Boston; Rev. Wil- 
liam T. Torrey, Plymoulh ; Rev. John Brazier, D. D., Salem ; and 
Rev. Mark Hopkins, D. 1)., Williamstowri. In the addresses which 
have been delivered, the principles, motives, intentions, and charac- 
ter of the Forefathers have been exhibited and approved; the causes 
of their emigration, the interposition of (Jod in their behalf, and the 
glorious results which have followed, have been glowingly described. 

The Society erected in the year 18:21 a monumental edifice ; the 
corner-stone of which was laid with appropriate solemnities, and in 
an excavation made in it for the purpose, was deposited, with other 
articles, a plate having the following inscription : '• In grateful mem- 
ory of our Ancestors, who exiled themselves from their native 
country, for the sake of religion, and here successfully laid the 
foundation of Freedom and Empire, December :2*2, A. D. MDCXX., 
their descendants, the Pilgrim Society, have raised this edifice, Au- 
gust XXXI. A. 1). MDCOCXXIV." 

The edifice is built of un wrought split granite, and is seventy 
feet in length by forty in width, and is two stories in height. It has 
a handsome Doric portico in front, eight feet wide, supported by six 
pillars, sixteen feet high. The whole expense of the building and 
its appurtenances was more than $15,000. Its location is pleasant 
and presents a full view of the outer harbor of the town. The 
principal hall is adorned by a magnificent painting, representing 
our Forefathers. This picture, valued at $3,000, was a donation to 
the Pilgrim Society by the artist, Henry Sargent, Esq., Boston. 
It is a splendid representation of the Pilgrims at their arrival on 
these western shores. Pilgrim Hall is the most suitable receptacle 
for it; and Col. Sargent has exhibited a noble generosity in placing 
it within its walls. The dimensions o'i the picture are sixteen feet 



1847.1 



Pilgrim Society. 



121 






by thirteen. It contains several groups of individuals attired in the 

costume of their day. 1. Governor Carver and his wife and 
children; )l. Governor Bradford ; 3. Governor "Winslow ; 4. Wife 
of Governor Winslow; o. Mr. William Brewster, the presiding 
Elder; 6. Capt. Miles Standish; 7. Mr. William White and his 
child Peregrine ; 8. Mr. Isaac Allerton and his wife ; D. Mr. John 
Alden ; 10. Mr. John Turner ; II. Mr. Stephen Hopkins, his wife, 
and children ; 12. Mr. Richard Warner; 13. Mr. Edward Tilley; 
14. Mr. Samuel Fuller; 15, Wife of Cap!. Standish; 1G. Samoset, 
an Indian Sagamore; 17. Mr. John I lowland, of Governor Carver's 
family, who married his daughter. 

In the edifice there is a room set apart for a Library and a Cabi- 
net of curiosities. It is already supplied with a number of volutin s 
and many manuscripts of early date. It is desirable that a copy ol 
all the works published by the Pilgrims and their descendants 
should be deposited in the Library. 

" Among the antiquities in the Cabinet of the Pilgrim Society are 
the following : 

" A chair which belonged to Gov. Carver. The sword of Miles 
Standish, presented by William S. Williams, Esq. A pewter dish 
which belonged to Miles Standish, presented by the late Joseph 
Head, Esq. An iron pot which belonged to Miles Standish. pre- 
sented by the late John Watson, Esq. A brass steelyard, owned 
by Thomas Southworth. A cane which belonged to William 
White; presented by lion. John Reed. A dressing-case which 
belonged to William White. The gunbarrel with which King 
Philip was killed, presented by Mr. John Cook of Kingston. The 
original letter of King Philip to Gov. Prince, written in 166:2. A 
china mug and leather pocket-book which belonged to Thomas 
Clark. A piece of ingenious embroidery, in a frame, executed by 
Lora Standish, a daughter of Miles Standish ; presented by Rev, 
Lucius Alden of East Bridge-water. Many curiosities are still in 
the hands of individuals and families, which might add much to 
the interest of Pilgrim Hall.'' 

The following Portraits embellish Pilgrim Hall: "1. of Edward 
Winslow, painted in London in 1651, copied from the original, by 
C. A. Poster. 2. of Josiah Winslow, the first native Governor of 
the Old Colony, painted in London in 1601, copied from the orig- 
inal, by C. A. Foster. 3. of Gov. Josiah Winslow's wife, Penelope 
Pclham, copied from the original, by C. A. Foster. 1. of General 
John Winslow, copied from the original, by C. A. Foster. The 
8 



L*22 History of the [April, 

portrait of ( lov. Edward Wins-low is the only one preserved, of those 
individuals who came in the Mayflower, The originals of these 
paintings belong to Isaac Win-low, Esq., of Boston, and are now 
hi the rooms of the Massachusetts Historical Society. 5. A portrait 
of the Hon. Ephraim Spooner, presented by Thomas Davis, Esq., of 
Boston. 6. A portrait of John Alden, Esq., of Middleboroughj 
who died in 1S21, aged 102 years, who was the great-grandson of 
John Alden, who came in the Mayflower; painted and presented 
by Cephas Thompson, Esq. 7. A portrait of Hon. John Trum- 
bull, presented by Col. John Trumbull. This portrait was painted 
in 17S1. The face was executed by Mr. Stewart, and the other 
puis by Mr. Trumbull himself, while a student with him. 8. A 
portrait of James Thacher, M. J)., late Librarian and Cabinet- 
Keeper of the Pilgrim Society. It was painted by Mr. Frothingham, 
in January, IS 11, by order of the Pilgrim Society, pursuant to a 
vote expressing their sense of the valuable services he had rendered, 
in promoting the objects of said society. -^ 

"The Hall couiains also a bust of lion. Daniel Webster, present- 
ed by James T. llayward, Esq., of Boston; and the bust of lion. 
John Adams, presented by Samuel Nicholson, Esq." 

For an account of " Forefathers' Rock " and the beautiful mon- 
ument erected by the Pilgrim Society lor its preservation, we make 
the following extract from Dr. Thacher's History of Plymouth. 
'•The inhabitants of the town," [177 1] "animated by the glorious 
spirit of liberty which pervaded the Province, and mindful of the 
precious relic of our Forefathers, resolved to consecrate the Rock on 
which they lauded to the shrine of liberty. Col. Theophilns 
Cotton and a large number of the inhabitants assembled, with 
about twenty yoke of oxen, for the purpose of its removal. The 
rock was elevated from its bed by means of large screws; and in 
attempting to mount it on the carriage, it split asunder, without any 
violence. As no one had observed a (law, the circumstance occa- 
sioned some surprise. It is not strange that some of the patriots of 
the day should be disposed to indulge a little in superstition, when 
in favor of their good cause. The separation of the rock was con- 

*■ Dr. Thacher was" appointed Librarian and Cabinet- Keeper of the Pilgrim Society at its 
In- 1 organization, and his indefatigable t-fibris contributed largely to the promotion of its 
objects. The following extract from the report of a Committee of [he Society indicates the 
sense entertained of bin services '• r fhe undersigned, to whuin was reft rred the report of Dr. 
James Thaclier, respecting the Iron Railing around the Forefathers' lioek, reporl that iho 
Society are indebted to Or Thacher for this beautiful and costly monument, which while it 
secures the t'ilgrim K.oclc from further depredation, records for the benefit of posterity, the 
names of our fathers, and nllbrds a pleaMiiy subject >>! contemplation to many strangers who 
mm! us" lb Thacher died May "i'J, Ml, aged V0 —The two extracts above are taken from 
■the Guide to L'lytnouth 






IS 17.] Pilgrim Society. 123 

strued to be ominous of a division of the British Empire. The 
question was now to be decided whether both parts should be 
removed, and being decided in the negative, the bottom part was 
dropped again into its original bed, where it still remains, a few 
inches above the surface of the earth, at the head of the wharf. 
The upper portion, weighing many tons, was conveyed to the lib- 
erty-pole square, front of the meeting-house, where, we believe, 
waved over it a Hag with the far-famed motto, ' Liberty or death.' 
This part of the rock was, on the 4th of July, 1834, removed to 
1 Pilgrim Hall,* and placed in front of that edifice, under the charge 
of the Pilgrim Society. A procession was formed on this occa- 
sion, and passed over Cole's hill, where lie the ashes of those who 
died the first winter. 

" A miniature representation of the Mayflower followed in the 
procession, placed in a car decorated with ilowers, and drawn by- 
six boys. The procession was preceded by the children of both 
sexes of the several schools in town. On depositing the rock in 
front of the Hall, a volley of small arms was fired over it by the 
Standish Guards, after which, an appropriate address was delivered 
by Doct. Charles Cotton, and the services were closed with a prayer 
by Rev. Dr. Kendall. 

"It affords the highest satisfaction to announce, that the long 
desired protection of the 'Forefathers' Hock' is at length com- 
pleted; and it may be pronounced a noble structure, serving the 
double purpose of security to the rock and a monument to the 
Pilgrims. The fabric was erected in June of the present year, 
[lS3o,] and consists of a perfect ellipse, forty-one feet in perimeter, 
formed of wrought iron bars, five feet high, resting on a base of 
hammered granite. The heads of the perpendicular bars are har- 
poons and boat-hooks alternately. The whole is embellished with 
emblematic figures of east iron. The base of the railing is studded 
with emblems of marine shells, placed alternately reversed, having 
a striking effect. The upper part of the railing is encircled with a 
wreath of iron castings, in imitation o( heraldry curtains, fringed 
with festoons ; of these there are forty-one, bearing the names in 
bass-relief of the forty-one Puritan fathers who signed the memorable 
compact while in the cabin of the Mayflower, at Cape Cod, in 
1620. This valuable and interesting acquisition reflects honor on 
all who have taken an interest in the undertaking. In the original 
design by George \V. Brimmer, Esq., ingenuity and correct taste 
are displayed; and in all its parts, the work is executed with much 



121 History of the [April, 

judgment and skill. The castings arc executed in the most im- 
proved style of the art. This appropriate memorial will last for 
ages, and the names and story of the great founders of our nation 
will be made familiar to the latest generation. This monument 
cost four hundred dollars. The fund was obtained by subscription; 
Lieut. Gov. Armstrong heading the paper, and Samuel T. Tistlale, 
Esq., of New York, contributing one hundred dollars. The author 
of this work" (Dr. Thacher,) "had the honor and satisfaction of 
being the active agent in its execution." 

This account of the Pilgrim Society we conclude, by expressing 
our high commendation of its object. To be affected at the suffer- 
ings of the Pilgrims of New England ; to exercise gratitude for 
their inestimable labors and sacrifices ; to venerate their virlue and 
piety; to revere their principles of religious and civil liberty; and 
to hand down a suitable memorial of them to succeeding genera- 
tions, is at once the duty and privilege of their descendants. Most 
cordially can we adopt the expressive language of President Dwight, 
in speaking of our ancestors. " When I call to mind," says he, 
" the history of their sufferings on both sides of the Atlantic, when 
I remember their preeminent patience, their unspotted piety, their 
immovable fortitude, their undaunted resolution, their love to each 
other, their justice and humanity to the savages, and their freedom 
from all those stains which elsewhere spotted the character, even of 
their companions in affliction, I cannot but view them as illustrious 
brothers, claiming the veneration and applause of all their posterity. 
By me the names of Carver, Bradford, Cushman,^ and Standish, 
will never be forgotten, until I lose the power of recollection." 

*" On the 11th of November, [1C21] Robert Cushman arrived at Plymouth, in a ship 
from England, with thirty-five persons, destined to remain in the Colony. By this arrival the 
Plymouth colonists received a charter, procured for them by the adventurers in London, who 
had been originally concerned with them in the enterprise ; and they now acknowledged the 
extraordinary blessing of Heaven, in directing their course into this part of the country, where 
they had happily obtained permission to possess and enjoy the territory under the authority of 
the president and council lor the alliiiis of New England." — Holmes's Annals. 

The names of the thirty-five persons who came in the Fortune, (for so the vessel was 
called.) are, Robert Cushmati, William Hilton, John Winslow, William Conner. John Adams) 
William Tench, John Cannon, William Wright, Robert Ilickes, Thomas Prence, (Prince,) 
afterwards Governor, Stephen Dean, Moses Simonson, (Simons.) Philip De La Noye, 
(Delano,) Edward Bompasse, (Rumpus, and Rump.) Clement Brigges, ( Bri ggs,) James 
Steward, (Stewart,) William Pitts, William Palmer, probably two in his family, Jonathan 
Brewster, Rennet Morgan, Thomas Elavil and his son, Hugh Stacie, (Stacy,) William 
Beale, Thomas Ciishman, Austin Nicolas, (Nicholas,) Widow Foord, probably four in her 
family, Thomas Morton, William Rassile, (Bassett,} two probably in his family. 

Mr. Cushman was one of those who left England for the sake of religious liberty, and set- 
tled at Leydeu. In 1017 he was sent lo England, with Mr. Carver, the first governor of the 
Colony, to procure a grant of lands in America, and in 101'.) he was sent again, with Mr. 
Bradford, second governor of the Colony, and obtained a patent. He set sail with the first 
company in 1020, but the Speedwell proving leaky, he was obliged to relinquish the voyage. 
He came, however, to Plymouth,' November 10, 1021, but remained there onlv one mouth, 
when he returned. While preparing to remove to America, he died, 1G20. lie was a man 
of activity and enterprise, talents and piety, and well versed in the Scriptures. Though not 



1917. 



Pilgrim Society. 



12: 



?■ 



Our apology for appending so many notes to this historical notice 
IS, that they illustrate the character of the Pilgrims of New Eng- 
land and the times in which they lived, and thus serve to accom- 
plish the object we have in view. For instance, a few sentences in 
the farewell discourse of the Rev. Mr. Robinson, who was in an 
important sense the Father of the Plymouth colony, show tin; cast 
of mind, the religious faith, and the adherence to Protestant princi- 
ples, of himself and of his llock.* 

The first Presidents of the Society were Hon. Joshua Thomas, 
John Watson, Alden Bradford, LL. 1)., and Nathaniel M. Davis, 
Esqs. 

The present officers are Charles II. Warren, President ; William 
Davis, Vice-President ; Andrew L. Russell, Recording' Secretary; 
Benjamin M. Watson, Corresponding Secretary; William S. 
Russell, Librarian and Cabinet- Keeper; Nathaniel M. Davis, John 
13. Thomas, Isaac L. Hedge, William M. Jackson, Schuyler 
Sampson, Joseph Cushman of Plymouth, and James T. llayward 
and William Thomas of Boston, Trustees. 

n minister, yet, while at Plymouth, he delivered a diseour>e in the form of a sermon " on the 
Sin and Danger of Self- Love, n which was the tirsl sermon from New England, ever printed. It 
was first published at London, If/,'-.', then at Boston, 17.' 1, and at Plymouth, 17s5. After his 
death, Mr. Cushman's family came to New England. Many are their descendants in this 
country. — Aliens Biog. Diet. — Farmer's Register. 

* " brethren," .said he. " we are now quickly to part from one another, and whether I may 
ever live to see your face on earth any more, the God ol heaven only knows ; but whether 
the Lord hath appointed that ur not, I charge you before God and his biassed angels, that 
you follow me no farther than you have seen me follow the Lord Jesus Christ. If God 
reveal any thing to you by any other instrument of his, be as ready to receive it as ever you 
were to receive any truth by my ministry , for lain fully persuaded, 1 am very confident, 
that the Lord has more truth yet to break forth out ol' his holy worth lor my part, I cannot 
sufficiently bewail the condition ol' the reformed churches, who are come to a period in 
religion, arid will go at present no farther than the instruments ol' their reformation. The 
Lutherans cannot be drawn to go beyond what Luther saw ; whatever part ol' his will our 
good God has revealed to Calvin, they will rather die than embrace it; and the Calvinists, 
you see, slick fast where they were left by that great man ol God, who yet saw not ail things. 

" This is a misery much to be lamented, for though they were burning and shining lights in 
their times, yet they penetrated not into the whole counsel of God ; but were they now living, 
would be as willing to embrace further light, as thai which they at first received. 1 beseech 
you to remember that it i* an article of your church covenant, that you shall be ready to 
receive whatever truth shall be made known to you from the written word of God. Remem- 
ber that, and every other article of your sacred covenant. But I must here withal exhort you 
to take heed what you receive as truth. Examine it, consider it, and compare U With other 
Scriptures of truth, before you receive it; for it is not possible that the Christian world 
should come so lately out of such thick antichristian darkness, and the perfection of knowl- 
edge should break forth at once." 



■ 



126 



Passengers of 



April, 




PASSENGERS OF THE GOLDEN HIND. 

(The First Englishmen in North America.) 



BY SAMUEL G. DRAKE, M. A. 

| The above engraving is nn exact copy of an armed ship of the time of Queen Elizabeth, 
the original publication of which bear* date 1 •"»' ' 1 . ami is to be found in that rare uld work 
o:i " Nauigation, lately collected out of the best Mj<!>r>ie writers thereof by M. lHundiuile, 
and by him reduced into such a plaine ami orderly forme of teaching as euery man of a 
rneane capacitie may easily vnderstand the same." 

It is doubtless a much better representation of the ships that transported our father to these 
shores than any hitherto given] 

It was long ago remarked that but for the voyages and expeditions 
of Sir Francis Drake, North America would have remained unsettled, 
if not almost unknown, fur many years, if not for ages. To those who 
are familiar with the history of the stale of Europe during the century 
in which Elizabeth lived, no argument will be required to convince 
them of the truth of that position. 

An exception may be taken to the heading of our article, but we 
are well aware of the voyages of the Cabots, of Ponce do Leon, and 
of Verazzini ; the former of whom it is said discovered Newfound- 
land, and the latter ravaged some part of Florida; and that Verazzini, 
a little later, was eaten by the Indians of North America. \C we con- 
sult history, popularly known as such, it will hardly appear that the 
Cabots set foot on these shores, while what was done by the others 
tended only to discourage voyages of discovery in this hemisphere. 

It is the intention in this article to furnish as complete a list of the 






is 17.] the Co/dm Hind. 127 

persons who sailed upon the voyage with Sir Francis Drake round 
tlio world, as can be collected, after long and patient search niul ii.ve- 
ligation. That such a list or catalogue cannot (ail to be interesting at 
litis day, we feel assured, for two reasons ; first, because they were prob- 
ably the first Englishmen, (certainly the first whose names we have,) 
who landed in North America ; and secondly, many of them bore names 
common amongst us, even to this time. Whether they were the ances- 
tors or connections of the ancestors of these, we leave for the inves- 
tigation of those who bear these names, or who may have the 
curiosity and leisure to pursue the interesting inquiry. 

A third reason might have been given why such a catalogue of 
names should be made out, had we published earlier, but as a settle- 
ment of the "Oregon Question" has taken place, no one will be likely 
to put in a claim to any part of that territory by right of discovery made 
by his ances'or; and hence an emigrant to that region has no other 
reason for any interest he may take in the following names than any 
of us have on this side of the Rocky Mountains. And instead of the 
nncient claim of rights by discovery, the Oregonian must now 
console himself as well as he can with this distich of our famous 
olutionary poet, Freneau: 









>5 



IV- 



For the time once was hero, to the world be it known 



Tluit all a man sail'd by, or saw. was his own. 

By the following list it will be seen that the largest number of those 
who embarked in the voyage, continued during it, and that some others 
did not; while of some it is uncertain whether they continued in it, 
returned with Capt. Winter, were lost with Capt. Thomas, or are 
otherwise to be accounted for. 

Drake set sail from Plymouth, Nov. lo, 1577, and returned to the 
same port Sept. 2G, 1580. 

The following is the last entry, in the only true and authentic jour- 
nal preserved of that voyage. It is entitled " THE WORLD Encom- 
passed by Sir Francis Drake/'&c., and was printed in a small quarto 
volume, with this imprint, "London, Printed for Nicholas Bovrne, 
and are to be sold at his shop at the Moyall Exchange. 16.28." 

u And the 26. of Sept. [1580 in the margin,] (which was Monday in the iust 
and ordinary reckoning of those that had stayed at home in one place or eoiui- 
trie, but in our coputation was the Lord's day or Sonday) we safely with ioyfull 
minds and thankfvdl hearts to God, arriued at Plirnoth, the place of our first 
.setting forth after we had spent 2. yeares 10. moneths and some few odde daies 
beside, in seeing the wonders of the Lord in the deep, in discouering so many 
admirable things, in going through with so many strange aduentures, in escap- 
ing out of so many dangers, ami ouercomming so many difficulties in this our 
encompassing of this neather globe, and passing round about the world, which 
we haue related." 

We now proceed with the proposed catalogue of names, in which 
we shall study brevity. 

FRANCIS DRAKE, Admiral, or as that officer was then generally denominated, 
general, of the expedition, in the ship called the Pelican, which name she 
bore until she entered the South Sea, when it was changed to the Golden 



128 Passengers of [April, 

Hi mi. He was born about 1537 ; # and died on board his ship near Porto Hello, 
.Ian. 28, 159li. 
JOHN WIXTKK, Vice-Admiral, in tlie Elizabeth. He continued in the voyago 
till the parsing of the Straits of Magellan, when a storm, which for its fury 
ami duration, had never been known to him or his companions, made every 
heart quail but the Admiral's, and compelled him, for his own safety, as ho 
contended, to forsake the voyage and return to England. J low many returned 
with him. we have no means of knowing, at present. 

To form an estimate of the violence of the tempest which deprived Drako 
of all his ships but that in which he himself was, one must recur to the 
original Journal of the voyage before noticed. That the reader may have 
an idea of that curious work, and lest he may never see it. a short extract 
will here be introduced. The writer o( the Journal was in the Admiral's 
ship, to which it applies. 

" For such was the present danger by forcing and continuall flawes, that we were 
rather to !o >ke for present death then hope for any deliuery, if God almightie should 
not make the way for vs. The winds were such as if the bowels of the earth had 
set all at libertie; or as if all the clouds vnder heauen had beene called together, to 
lay their force vpon that one place: The seas, which by nature and of themselues 
are beanie, an. I of a weightie substance, were rowled vp from the depths, euen from 
the roots of the rock'es, as if it had beene a scroll of parchment, which by the 
extremity of heate runneth together: and being aloft were carried inmost strange 
manner, and abundance, as feathers or drifts of snow, by the violence of the winds, to 
water the exceeding tops of high and loftie rnountaines. Our anchors, as false friends 
in such a danger, gaue oner their holdfast, and as if it had beene with horror of the 
thing, did shrinke downc to hide themselues in this miserable storme ; committing 
the distressed ship and helpelesse men to the vncertaine and rowling seas, which 
tossed them, like a ball in a racket. In this case, to let fall more anchors would 
auaile vs nothing ; for being driuen from our first place at anchoring, so vnmeasurable 
was the depth, that 500. faihome would fetch no ground : So that the violent storme 
without intermission; the impossibility to come to anchor; the want of opportunity 
to spread anysuyle; the most mad seas; the Ice shores ; the dangerous rocks ; the 
contrary and most intolerable winds; the impossible passage out; the desperate 
tarrying there ; and ineuitable perils on euery side, did lay before vs so small likeli- 
hood to escape present destruction, that if the speciall providence of God himselfe 
hul not supported vs, we could neuer haue endured that wofull state: as being 
iniiironed with most terrible and most fearful! judgements round about. For truly 
it was more likely thnt the rnountaines should have beene rent in sunder, from the 
top to the bottom.-, ami cast headlong into the sea, by these vnnatural winds, than 
th it we, by any helpe or cunning of man, should free the life of any one amongst vs. 

li Notwithstanding, the same God of mercy which delivered Iunns out of the 
Whales belly, and heareth all those that call vpon him faithfully, in their distresse ; 
looked dow ne from heauen, beheld our teares, and heard our humble petitions, ioyned 
with holy vowes. Euen God (whom not the winds and seas alone, but euen the 
ihuels themselues and powers of hell obey) did so wonderfully free vs, and make our 
way open before vs, as it were by bis holy Angels still guiding and conducting vs, 
that more then the affright and amaze of tins estate, we received no part of damage 
in all the things that belonged vnto vs. 

" But escaping from these straites and miseries, as it were through the needles ey 
(that God might haue the greater glory in our deliuery) by the great and e flee tu all 
care and trauell of our General I, the Lord's instrument therein ; we could now no 
longer forbeare, but must needes liude some place of refuge, as well to provide water, 
wood, and other necessaries, as to comfort our men, thus worne and tired out, by so 
many and so Iom, r intolerable toyles : the like whereof, its to be supposed, no traveller 
h ilh felt, neither bath there ever beene, such a tempest (that any records make men- 
tion of) so violent, and of such continuance, since Noahs flood j for as hath beene 
siyd, it lasted from September 7. to October 2S } full 52 dayes." 

Though this extract be loner, we have given but the closing part of the 
description of the storm. When we consider that it was winter in that region, 

* The time of Sir Francis Drake's birth Ins usu.al.ly been fixed at lot.'); hut from genealog- 
ical and other investigations, it appears that he must have been born as early as k">;7. 



1S47. 



the Gulden Hind. 



129 



and the nature of those seas, tho storm (of which we have heard so much,) 
which overtook Columbus sinks into comparative insignificance. 

We cannot elu^c this lengthened digression, (if so it may he considered,) 
without an extract from a Poem on the Death of Drake by Charles Fitz- 
Gkffrey ; who m tin; following passage seems to have had the wild scenes 
ol Terra del Fuego, in a dismal winter's night, vividly before him : — 



! 



" riiiffc mountain islnnds of congealed ire, 
Floating (like lido-., on the >toniiy main, 
Could not deter him from his enterprise, 
Nor blood concealing winter's freezing pain, 
Enforce him, coward like, turn back n_ r .uu : 
Valor in greatest danger shines most bright, 
As full-faced i'luebo in the darkest niirhl." 



JOHN THOMAS, captain of the Marigold. He was lost with all his company, 
after the expedition had passed the Straits of Magellan, in the terrible tem- 
pest, just described, among the islands of Terra del Fuego. 

JOHN CHESTER, captain of the Swan. Ho probably continued throughout 
the voyairc. 

THOMAS" MOONE, captain of the Christopher, He was with Drake in his 
early voyages to South America, and seems always to have been with him 
and to have followed nis fortunes as long as he lived, and to have died almost 
at the same time with his beloved commander ; not however from disease 
like him, but by the hand of his enemy, being killed by the Spaniards. 

THOMAS DRAKE, the youngest brother of the Admiral. He does not appear 
to have been in any command at tin; outset of the voyage, but was soon after 
raised to the command of one of the ships. At this lime he was probably 
about 18 years of age. He continued with his brother in most of his voyages 
afterwards, was with him in his last voyage, ami in command of a ship. 
From him are descended the Drakes of Dockland, and of several other places 
in the south of Devonshire. 

FRANCIS FLETCHER, chaplain to the expedition. He kept a journal of the 
voyage, a copy of which in MS. is said still to be seen in the British 
Museum, and from which the account before mentioned is supposed to be 
principally made up. 

EDWARD CLIFFE, who sailed in Capt. Winter's ship, and returned with him. 
He left a good account of his voyage. 

JOHN DRAKE, who for being the' first to discover a Spanish treasure-ship was 
rewarded by the Admiral with his gold chain, "which he usually wore." He 
does not appear to have been of the Admiral's immediate family, but was very 
probably a near relative. He was afterwards a captain in Fenton\s disastrous 
expedition, was cast away in the mouth of the Rio de la Plata, fell into the 
hands of the Indians, thence into the hands of the Spaniards, and was not 
heard of after. 

HENRY DRAKE. Of his relationship to the Admiral we have no certain 
knowledge, nor are we certain that he was one of the "great voyage-" He 
was in tho last voyage, was present when a cannon-shot from the castle of 
Porto Rico passed through Sir Francis's ship, while he with his principal 
officers were at supper, which shot struck his seat from under him, mortally 
wounding Capt. Untie Browne and Sir Nicholas Clifford. "This," says Dr. 
Thomas Fuller, " I had from the mouth of Henry Dkake, Esq., there present, 
my dear and worthy parishioner lately deceased." 

FRANCIS PRETTY. About this individual there has been of late much 
controversy ; whether or not he was one of Drake's company, and it he was, 
whether lie was the author of the " Famous Voyage," (as that around the 
world was styled,) first printed by llakluyt, in 1589. We have not space here 
to go into an examination of that question, and shall only remark, that it is 
possible lie may have been one of Diake's company. Some have made him 
a Frenchman ; but that opinion we entirely reject. It is certain that he 
sailed with Cavendish, and wrote an account of his voyage. The two voyages 



130 



Passengers of 



April, 






of Drake and Cavendish were printed in connection, which may have given 
rise to an error. Dr. Twisrs, in his late examination of the Oregon Question, 
has, to our mind, set the matter in a clear light. 

GEORGE FORTESCUE, probably a connection of Drake, and perhaps of the 
family of Bartholomew Forteseue, Esq., whose daughter Gertrude married 
Sir Bernard Drake o( Ash. This George Fortescue left a MS. account of thy 
voyage, or at lea>t some part of it, as we ate informed by Dr. Fuller. Ho 
was a captain under his old commander in the West Indies, in 15S.">, and died 
during that expedition. 

THOMAS DOUGHTY. One of those, who, if we can credit Herrera, went 
out as a gentleman, "to learn navigation " and naval warfare, without any 
particular oilice. He became mutinous before the fleet arrived on the coast 
of Brazil, and was finally tried, condemned, and executed on a small island 
in the harbor of Port St. Julian. ''• In the Hand/' says the writer of the voyage, 
" as wo digged to burie this gentleman, we found a great grinding stone, 
broken in two parts, which wee tooke and set fast in the ground, the one part 
at the head, the other at the feet, building vp the middle space- with other 
stones and turfes of earth, and engraved in the stones the names of the par- 
ties buried there, with the time o( their departure, and a memoriall of our 
goneralls name in Latino, that it might the better be vnderstood, by all that 
should come after vs." He was buried with Air. Oliver, who had just been 
killed by the Indians. f 

THOMAS HOOD, mentioned only in connection with the case of Doughty. 

THOMAS BLACOLER, afterwards in the expedition of Fenton. The name 
is spelt with variation. There are those bearing it now in New England. 

JOHN GRIPE. Perhaps a mistake for -John the Greek." 

LEONARD VEC'ARY, who was an advocate for Doughty. The name of Yicary, 
though not common in New England, is to he met with, and has probably 
been known in Massachusetts since H>SQ. In that year, Seth, according to 
Farmer, was admitted a freeman of Hall ; and he adds, "this name has been 
in New Hampshire within a few years/' 

CRANE, perhaps Ralph Crane, who afterwards served with Fenton, in 

1582. 

THOMAS CHESTER, also a witness in the case of Doughty. 

ROBERT WINTERLY. 

OLIVER, the master-gunner in the fleet, killed by the Patagonians. 

THOMAS CUTTLE, belonging to the Admiral's ship, with the rank of captain. 

JOHN DOUGHTY, a younger brother of Thomas, who was executed. 

JOHN BROWN, a trumpeter, an evidence against Doughty. 

JOHN COOK. It is doubtful whether anyone of the company bore this name, 
yet a MS. bearing it has been made use of in a collection of voyages, the 
whole purport of which seems to be an attempt to cast a stain on the pro- 
ceedings of Diake in the case of Doughty. It is supposed to have been 
written by .some one present in the fleet, ami the name of the transcriber may 
have been taken for the author. A John Conyers is mentioned by Mr. Barrow 
as "an annotator on" the original narrative, now in the British Museum. 

JOHN FRYE, who, with more courage than discretion, jumping on shore in 
Africa, was seized by the Moors and carried oil. He finally returned to 
England. 

EDWARD BRIGHT, a chief accuser of Thomas Doughty. 

THOMAS GOOD, prominent in the case of Doughty. 

JOHN BREWER, one of the company who landed on the island of Mocha 
with tin; Admiral, and were attacked by the Indian-;. He received seventeen 
wounds, yet recovered, and sailed afterwards with Cavendish. 

HUGH SMITH, mentioned in connection with the affair of Doughty. 

RICHARD MINIVY, who was killed by the Spaniards near Cyppo. Dec. 19, 
lo78. 

ROBERT WINTER. Perhaps the same called Winterly in one account, and 
Wintcrliie in another. 

PETER CARD Ell, who with seven others separated from the Admiral at the 
western mouth of the Straits of Magellan, during the tempest before men- 






1817. 



the Golden J find. 



131 



tioned. In an open boat they succeeded in repassing the Straits, coasted the 
continent to Brazil, through every variety of suffering, until Carder alone was 
left alive, lie finally reached Knglanu after nine years' absence, and was 
admitted to the presence of Queen Elizabeth, who heard from 1 1 i -> own mouth 
the tale of his adventures. Purehas L r ot from him the account which we 
have, anil which he published in 'his ^ll:_!rilu>.' , 

WILLIAM PITCHER, who was one of the companions of Carder, ami lived to 
reach the coast of Brazil, where he died from drinking too freely of water, 
when near dead of thirst. 

JOHN AUDLEY, one of those who favored Doughty's mutinous conduct. 

VVAllUALL, also deeply concerned in the mutiny. 

ULYSSES, probably an African, .servant to Capt. Winter. 

COBB, [Caube in the narratives] with Winter or Thomas. 

CHARLES, also with Winter or Thomas, but once mentioned. 

ANT1ION V, also with Winter or Thomas' j and but once mentioned. 

WILLIAM HAWKINS, perhaps a brother of Sir Richard Hawkins, and son of 
Sir John Hawkins, Kt. He was afterwards vice-admiral under Capt. Fen- 
ton, in the expedition of 1582. • 

JOHN DEANE, a witness in the case of Doughty. Whether he continued 
throughout the voyage or not. is unknown. 

JOHN MARTYN, afterwards Capt. John Martyn or Martin of Plymouth, and 

son of Martin uf Bridgetown near Totnes, who had male issue living 

there in D>*20. 

THOMAS CLACKLEY, boatswain in the Admiral's ship. 

JOHN SAlvICOLT), one of the important evidences against Doughty. 

EMAN.UEL WATKYNS'. His name, with Saricold's and several others, is 
signed to certain articles going to prove the guilt of Doughty. 

GEORGE CARY, a musician. The same probably called Gregory Cary ) in the 
documents in Barrow's Worthies. lie attested to the mutinous conduct of 
Poui'iitv. 

HENRY SIMNDELAY, gunner in Capt. Chester's ship. 

JAMES SYDYE, mentioned only in Doughty's case. 

WILLIAM SEAGE, mentioned only as above. 

JOHN DAVIS, whose name the great northern Strait will ever perpetuate, who 
was perhaps in Capt. Winter's ship, though we ate not sure of the fact ; but in 
1595. he .said he lead then "thrice passed the Straits of Magellan," which 
renders it quite certain that he must have sailed with Drake in his voyage of 
circumnavigation, as there is no other way of accounting for his having 
"thrice passed those Straits." 



Thus out of " 1G-1 able and sufficient men," we have about otic third 
of them by name ; and from a passage in " Harrow's Naval Worthies" 
we are loci to hope, that " twenty-nine" other names will yet be recov- 
ered. Should they come to our band, we may at a future time make 
an article respecting them also.* 



* Mr. Drake has in a forward state for publication a full account of Admiral Drake and 
his Voyages, containing some important facts hhb.er.lo unpublished. — alitor. 



13*2 Examination of the Quakers [April, 

"A LY-ST OF THE PASINGERS ABOKD THE SPEEDWELL OF 
LONDON, ROBERT LOCK MASTER, BOUND FOR NEW ENGLAND, 



Richard Stratlon, 




aged 


.Shudrack Hopgood, 


aged 14 


John Mulfoot, 




a 


Thomas Goody no ugh, 


it 


20 


Richard Smith, 




a 


43 Nathaniel Goodinough, 


n 


10 


Francis Brinsley, 




a 


22 John Fay, 


tt 


8 


Thomas Noyce, 




a 


32' William Tayler, 


n 


11 


Mathew Edwards. 




a 


Richard Smith. 


a 


2* 


Joseph Boules. 




t: 


47.Muhuhulett Munnjngs, 


a 


24 


William Brand, (Q) 


*• 


a 


40iMargarctt Mott, 


it 


12 


John Copeland, (Q) 




a 


28[ Henry Reeue, 


tt 


8 


Christopher llohlur, 


(Q) 


tt 


2 j llenery Seker, 


it 


8 


Thomas Thurston, (Q) 


a 


31 John Morse, 


a 


40 


Mary Prince, (Q) 




it 


21 iNickolus Dauison, 


tt 


43 


Sarah Gibbons, (Q) 




it 


21 John Baldwin, 


a 


21 


Mary Weatherlieau, 


(Q) 


tt 


2(3 Mary Baldwin, 


it 


20 


Dorothy Waugh, (Q)' 


a 


20;Rebeca Worster, 


tt 


18 


Lester Smith, 




it 


21 John Wigins, 


tt 


13 


Christopher Clarke, 




a 


38'John Miller, 


tt 


24 


Edward Lane, 




it 


36, Thomas Home, 


a 


11 


Tho : Richardson, 




it 


19 John Crane, 


tt 


11 


John Earle, 




a 


lTjCharels Baalam, 


f. 


18 


Thomas Barnes, 




tt 


20! 







"The persons aboue named past from hence fin] the shipp aboue mentioned, 
and are, according to order, registred heare. Dated, Searchers office, Giaues- 
end, 30th May, 1656. 

EDWARD PELLING,)^ hm 
JOHN P1MLPOTT. j oeanneis ' 
<l Theese were Landed at Boston in N. E. the 27th of the moneth. 1656. 

J. E." 



"AN EXAMINATION OF THE QUAKERS BEFORE [THE] COURT OF 
ASSISTANTS, 8 SEPTEMBER, 1656." 

[The following is an exact copy of the original minutes, made at the 
examination of the Quakers, at the court in Boston above specified. 
Hutchinson refers to the books of the Court in his account or notice of 
this affair; but whatever may there be found to justify his remark that 
the Quakers made " rude and contemptuous answers," no one will allow 
that any thing of the kind was contained in these original minutes, to 
justify any such conclusion. They are here presented to illustrate, as 
far as they may, this dark page of our early history. This document 
is the more important, as it appears to be one of the earliest, if not (he 
earliest paper in relation to the proceedings against that people. They 
came into New England in July preceding their apprehension and trial, 
and were twelve in number. The issue of their examination being 
matter of history, it will not be necessary to go into the details here. 
The inquirer after truth may consult Hutchinson, Ncal, Hazard, 
Bishop, and others for them.] 

* The eight names against which is the letter Q hail a Q set opposite lo them in the mar- 
pin of the original paper containing the account, denoting, us is supposed, that the individ- 
uals were Quakers. It is said in Sewall's History of the Quakers that there arrived at Boston 
two other Quakers in July of this year, namely, Mary Kishorund Ann Austin, \\ ho were very ill 
treated on their arrival, by (Juv. tJellingluuu, though there was yet no law ugainst Quakers. 



1817.1 



Before the Court of Assistants. 



133 



I, Quest. Whither you oune yor selves to be such as arc commonly knowne or 

called by y° name of Quakers ?■ 
Kust, Wee art; all so called. Wee are all of one minde. 

I. Quest. Whither yow brought not ouer hither seuerall bookes wherein are 
conteyned the seuerall opinions of y* sect or people. Mary Prince and 

another. 
(Ans. | Yea. those y' were taken from us. 
3. Quest. Wherefore came yow into theise parts? 
Ans r . (by all) To doe y e will of God w'euer he should mak knowne to be his 

will. 
•1. Quest. How doe yow make it Appearc y 1 God called yow hither ? 
An*'. (Dor. Wawgh)* lie y* belieues haih y e witness in himself. 

(Brend.)f By the Power of y e spirit of y e lord. It was a crosse to my will. 

I would not haue come but the lord hath brought me downe to oby him in 

his call. 

5. Quest. Doe yow Acknowledg y e light in every man's Conscienc y' comes 
into y c world is \' and y : y ! light would saue him if obeyd ? 

The Ans r to y s in thiere bookes is, The light is but one w L ' !l is x*, who enlijjht- 
nes one, and all are enlightned wth one light, as in the 3 d pag of y 1 booke, 
and in ) c close of y 1 ' booke. Ad: y* y 8 is called y e light of yo r Conscienc, 
the true teacher, and sayd to be the first step to peace, ult verba. 
Mary Prince Do yow oune the letter yow sent me ? which was sheu [blot] 
liir. 

Aus r . Yes : arul sayd it was y c et email word of y« lord wicli must stand for 
euer, and should stand ; and sayd further, she wrote this as a prophet, one of 
y e lord, and was Guided by y e Infallible Spirit of y e lord. 

6. Quest. Whether yo>v oune that the scriptures are the rule of knowing God 
and living to him ? 

Ans r . The eternal I word is y c Rule of theire lines, and not y c written word : and 
in Ans r . to y e Question propounded from them : That if yow hail not the 
scriptures to direct yow yet yow haue y' wth in yow wch was before scrip- 
ture, y* vould guide you aright. 
To wch Mary Prince Ansrd, yea, and y l it was a sutlicyent Guide. 

7. Quest. Doe yow Acknowledg y l x* is God and man in one pson I 
This they will not acknowledg. 

8. Quest. Doe yow Acknowledg one God subsisting in three persons — father, 
sonne and holy Ghost ? 

Ans r . They Acknowledg no Trinity of persons. 

9. Quest. Whither yow Acknowledg y l God and man in one person remayne 
foreuer a distinct pson from God y e father and God y c holy Ghost and from 
y e saints, notwithstanding theire vnion and comunion wth him ? 

This they will not Acknowledge. 

10. Quest. Doe yow Acknowledg your self a sinner? 
This they will not Acknowledge. 

II. Quest. Doe yow Acknowledg Baptisme wth water to be an ordjnance of 
God? 

This they will not Acknowledg. 



* Dorothy Waugh. 

f William Bread, or 15rand. See List of Passengers in the Speedwell. 



131 



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847. 



First Settlers of New England. 



137 



A LIST OF NAMES FOUND AMONG THE FIRST 
SETTLERS OF NEW ENGLAND. 






Tliose names which are starred are not contained in Farmer's Genealogical Register, and 
concerning those winch an- n«>i starred, additional facts are related. The arliele is pre- 
pared entirely from unpublished manuscripts, by Mr. 6. G. Drake.] 






J 



Adams, Samuel, Chelmsford, authorized 

to solemnize marriages there, 1664. 
Allen, Bozoun, Boston, constable. IGSO. 

ALLIN, OnESH'HOKUS,* Ipswich, 107'.'. 

ALLYNE, Thomas,* Barnstable, 1644, a 
witness to a sale of land by the Indian 
Seacunk. 

Andrews, Thomas,* and Thomas Jr.,* 
Dorchester, 1001. 

Angier, Andrew, first inhabitant at 
Dunston, Me. — Arthur, born about! 
1625. 

Annable, Anthony, Barnstable, 164-1. 

Archaru, Samuel,* church member, | 
Salem, 1640. j 

Ardkll, Richard,* Boston, merchant, 
1GS6. 

Atwood, Joun,* ensign, Boston, juror, 
1686. 

Avery, William* and Jonatha n,* mem- 
bers of the church, Dedham, 1077. 

Baxter, Daniel, Salem, 1038. Carried 
the charter of R. Island from Boston to 
Newport, 1003. [Fanner's MS.] 

Bkntley, William,* came to New Eng- 
land in the ship Arabella, Richard 
Sprague master; sailed from Gravesend, 
May 27, 1071. 

Bezbeane, John* Woburn, 1077. 

Berry, Richard,* Medford, 1030. 

Blake, Francis,* Dorchester, 1664. — 
William,* — James, a. 24 in 1077. 

Blowers, Joh n, a 30 in 1663, a lessee of an 
island in Boston harbor for seven years. 

Bott, Isaac,* Boston, 1075. 

Bradley, William,* Dorchester, 1664. 

Brouguton, Thomas, Boston, 1055, peti- 
tions general court against imposing 
duties on importations. 

Bull, William, Qharlestovvn, 163S, 
heard Squaw Sachem say then, that she 
had given all her lands to Mr. Gibbons ; 
was 43 years of age in 1062. 
Capkn, Barnard, witnesses the Indian 
deed of Dorchester, 1071 ; Samuel,* 
also a witness to the same. 
Carpenter, William, Hingham, 1011. 
witnessed, and seems to have drawn the 
deed of a tract of land there from the 
Indians "to John Tower the elder." 
His autograph, and the instrument to 
which it is attached, are a most elegant 
specimen of the chirography of that age. 
Cheever, Ezekiel, married the widow 
of Cap': Lothrop, who was killed in 
Sudbury fight, before May 19, 1080. 
Child, Richard,* Watertown, juror. 
10SO. 

9 



Church, Garrett, Watertown, 1630, 
aged 51 in 1062. — Richard, Plymouth, 
1631 ; went there from Wessaguscussett. 

Clarke, Jonas, constable of Cambridge, 
1680. — Theodore,* York, 1663. 

C-LAr, Nathaniel,* Dorchester, 1604. 

Conn, Henry, Barnstable. 1044. 

Cook, George, Colonel, he, Cambridge, 
Ms., in which place and vicinity he had 
huge possessions ; returned to England 
in or about the beginning of the Civil 
War, in which he took a part, went into 
Ireland, where he was killed in 1652. He 
was twice married, and left by one of 
his wives, two daughters : 1. Mary, m. 
to " her mother's younger brother," Mr. 
Samuel Annesley, 1681. In 1669 she 
resided at Martins in the Fields, Lon- 
don; in 1691 she resided with her hus- 
band in the city of Westminster. 2. 
Elizabeth., m. 1st, Rev. John Quick, 
of St. Giles. Cripple Gate, London, ai.d 
perhaps, 2ndly, Joseph Caw t home. 

Criste, Benjamin, " Mislicke als M e ad- 
ford e," 1030. 

Cur win, George, Salem, 16S2, aged 70 ; 
went there near 44 years before. 

Clshin, Jeremiah.* Boston, juror, 1680, 

Davis, Lawrence,* York, 1603. 

Dinsdale, William, aged 17 in 1003. 
Hired an island of John Leveiett, in 
Boston harbor, for seven years. 

Dog gktt, John, Hingham. 1662, w lie re he 
witnessed an Indian deed. 

Di/rgie, William,* came to Ipswich, 
Nov. 9, 1663, and was then 33 years old. 
Had been in the W. Indies, and came 
here from thence. Wile, Martha. Per- 
haps this name is that since written 
Dargin. 



Edgecombe, Miles,* a. 25, 10 



Was 



at " Black Point the day and tyme when 
nine of Winterhavbor men were fighting 
with the Indians upon the sands oppo- 
site to the said place." 
Eedy, John,* Plymouth, left there to 
reside in Massachusetts, before Feb., 
1632. 

I E ue its, Math i as,* Dorchester, 1664. 

I Everett, John, Chelmsford, 1664, where 
he is authoii/.cd to unite people in mar- 
riage, 
Foote, Pasco, Salem church. 1640. 
Foster, James,* Dorchester, constable, 

| 1680. 

i Fox, Thomas, Ms., about 52 in 1059, wife, 

j Elinor. 

I Fox well. Richard, Dunston, Me, 1651, 



138 



First Sc tilers of New England. 



[April, 



Franklin, Benjamin, Boston, before 

1078, wife, Katherine. 
Friend, John, Salem, church memb., 1640. 
Goddard, Giles* Boston, 1079, had wife 

and servants. 
Ghat, John* buys Nantasket of the 

Indians, 1622. 
Gkeenleaee, Enoch,* Boston, saddler, 

1693. 
Grep.nough, Robert,* Rowley, 1701. 
Green, John, Cambridge, juror, 10S0. 

Na 1HANIEL, 1075. 

Hareod, Thomas,* Boston, juror, 1060. 

Hews, Jeremiah* Dorchester, 1001. — 
Eleazer,* Dorchester. 

Ha uxworth, Thomas,* Salisbury. Had 
a daughter married to Onesiphorus Page. 
His widow was living there, 1007. 

Hayden, Samuel,* Dorchester or vicin- 
ity, 1GG0. 

Hills, Joseph, Med ford, a. 00 in 1002. 
Capt. James,* [Hill] grand juror, Bos- 
ton, 1080. 

Hoar, William* Boston, baker, 1079. 

Hodman, John, Dorchester, 1079, born 
1659. 

Hood, Jeremiah,* Massachusetts, 1070. 

Hopin, Steven,* born 1020, Dorchester, 
in Capt. Roger Clapp's employ, 16-12. 
Witness to Indian deed of Dorchester, 
(8:4:1649.) 

Houghton, Ralph, Lancaster, 1070, 
where he was constable, collector oi' 
taxes, treasurer, &c. There were at the 
same place in 1703, Henry, Jonas, 
Robert, John, Sen , John, Jr., Joseph 
and Jacob. 

Howard, Jacob,* Dorchester, 1004. 

Hudson, William, lived at "Wading 
River" in 1070, "where King Philip 
and Squamaug (brother of Josias de- 
ceased) met to settle the bounds between 
them, which had for some time been in 
dispute. 

Johnson, Edward, a. GO in 1000, at 
which time he gives evidence about 
land in Charlestown. Francis, Mar- 
blehead, 1000, nephew of Mr. Christo- 
pher Coulson, a merchant adventurer of 
London. 

Joyliffe, John, Boston, will dated 1GQ9- 
1700. Had a brother, Dr. George Joy- 
lieee, in England; sisters, Dorothy 
Cane, in England, Martha Cook, in 
England, Rebecca Wolcott, Marga- 
ret Drake, and Mary Biss, "some- 
time wife of James Biss of Shepton 
Mallet, in the county of Somerset," 
Eng. 

Key, Joshua,* probably married a daugh- 
ter of Capt. Thomas Lothrop, who was 
killed by the Indians in 1675, as his 
children received a legacy out of Loth- 
rop's estate. 

King, Thomas, was an inhabitant of 
Exeter, 1075. 

Knight ; Walter, aged GG in 1653, at 



which time he was at Boston. The 
same person was at Nantasket in 1622. 
John, Chailestown, juror in the witch 
trials, I0h0. 

Latham, Caby, was born in 101:2; Boston, 
1663. 

Lawrence, Thomas, Hingham, 1G01. 

Loephelin, Peter* Frenchman, Boston, 
1679. 

Leach, Richard, Salem, a. GO in 1079, 
leased a farm of Gov. Endeeott, 1657. 

Long, Robert, Marblehead, a. 70 in 
1000. 

Lothrop, Catt. Thomas: his widow 
married Joseph Grafton, before May 19, 
16S0. After her decease, the property 
left her by Lothrop was ordered by court 
to the wife of Ezekiel Chever, and her 
issue, heirs of Capt. Lothrop. It is also 
ordered Mrs. Grafton to pay to the chil- 
dren of Joshua K^y, £20. 

Lyon, Peter, Dorchester, 1664. 

Marriner.Andrew * Boston, 1093, leath- 
er dresser. 

Mather, Timothy, Dorchester, 10o7. 

Mayhew, Thomas, hired a farm in Med- 
ford, 103'). 

Mellen, John,* Charlestown, where he 
died beiore 1095. 

Middlecott, Mi:. [Riciiard?] Boston, 
juror at trials for witchcraft, 1680. 

Mokall, James,* b. 1000, Massachu. 
setts, 1680. 

Mouse, William. Newbury; wife, Eliza- 
beth, accused of practising witchcraft, 
finally acquitted at Boston, 1GS0. 

Mose, John, Watertown, 10S0, constable. 

Morr, Nathaniel, a. 19, or there- 
abouts, in 1081. 

Nakamohf., Thomas,* Dorchester, 1004. 
Persons of this name are in N. Hamp- 
shire at this time 

Neighbor, James* Massachusetts, 1002. 

Odiorne, John and Phi i.e., Portsmouth, 
N. IT., 1057, subscribed toward the sup- 
port of public worship. 

Page, Onesiphorus,* Salisbury, 1667, 
married daughter of Thomas Hauxworth 
[Hawks worth]. 

Parsons, Mark,* Sagadahock, 1005. 

Pateshall, Robert* Boston, 105,'), pe- 
titions General Court against duties on 
importations. 

Peaslke, Joseph, went to Haverhill be- 
iore 1053. 

Philips, John* Massachusetts, 1030, 
styled servant, went to Plymouth, 1031. 

Pole, William,* Dorchester, 1019. The 
name is since written l*ool. 

Pry \ , Ei'iikai.m * born 1661, Dorchester, 
1GS0. 

Rai vskord. Samuel,* Boston, killed with 
Capt. Turner, at Pawtucket, in Philip's 
war, leaving no relative in the country. 

Rice, Henry, Charlestown. juror, 1002. 

Richard, Gyles,* Sen., Massachusetts, 
1000. 



. 



is 17.] 



Capital Offences in Massachusetts, 



139 



KouniN-s, Richard, juror at trials for 
witchcraft, 16S0. 

Root, Thomas, Lynn, 1071, where he 
attempted to gather a church. 

liv A i.r., Josei ii,* Chailestown, constable, 
1080. 

Saunders, Martin,* born 1030, Boston, 
1071). 

Sk.vi.k, EniKAiM* Lieutenant, Boston, 
juror, 1686. 

Skares, John ,* Boston, Lieutenant, 1652. 

Sewall, Henry, was residing at Man- 
chester, Lancaster co., Eng., in 1G23, 
only son of Hen ry Sew all, who came 
to N. England with his family, and set- 
tled in Newbury. 

Sherburne, Geor<;e, b. 1602, Ports- 
mouth, 1050, m. Rebecca, dau. Ambrose 
Gibbins, and hud children, Samuel, 
Elizabeth, m. Tobias Lear, Mary, 
Henry, John, Ambrose, Sarah, and 
Rebecca. [Fa rmcr'a MS.) 

Sibly, John, church member, Salem, 
16-10. 

Smith, John,* Barnstable, 1011. 

Sprague, Samuel,* Charleslown, 1005. 

Stileman, Eli \s, Boston, constable, 1073. 

Stone, John,* Watertown, juror, 1680. 

Studson, Robert,* one of the commis- 
sioners for settling the bounds between 
Plymouth and Massachusetts, 1001. 

Sumner, William,* Dorchester, 1070. 

Swain, John,* Salisbury, b. 1633, Nan- 
tucket, 17iKi. A Lieutenant Swain had 
been under Major Appleton against the 
Indians at Narraganset, in 1075. He 
was afterwards a captain. 

Tatler, John,* Shipcot, [Sheepscot,] 
1065. 

Thayer, Richard, Massachusetts, went 
to England, and returned in 1079. 

Tinkham, Epiiraim, Massachusetts, 1606, 
at which time he was a witness to the 
sale of lands to Richard Thayer of 
Braintree, by the Indian chief Josias. 
He attests to it in 1078. 

Tower, John, Hiugham, buys a large 



tract of land of several Indians in that 
place ; deed dated June 17, 1011. In 
an endorsement on said deed, (nude by 
Ri: Bellingham, 19: 1: 1662-3,) John 
Tower is called senior. But in the 
Tower Genealogical Tree there 
are assigned as the children of John 
Tower of Hingham, (1037) only Am- 
brose, Benjamin, Jonathan, Han- 
nah, and Jeremiah. 

Travis, Daniel,* " chiefe gunner in y e 
town of Boston, to salute shipps and 
look after y e artillery," at £5 per an- 
num, 16S0. 

Wait, John, Charlestown, juror, 1602, 
[spelt W'tiytc,] Boston, juror at the trials 
for witchcraft, 16S0. Richard, Boston, 
a.82inl67S. He was marshal. Rich- 
ard, Springfield, 1680, wounded by In- 
dians, Oct. 5, 1075. 

Wales, John,* and John, Jk.,* Dorches- 
ter, 1077. 

Walker, Robert, Boston, aged 12 in 
1079. He came from Manchester, Eng., 
where he was living in 1023. 

Way, Richard, Lieutenant, Boston, ju- 
ror, 1680. Henry, Dorchester, 1001. 

Webb, Thomas, came to N. England in 
1071, in the ship Arabella, Capt. Richard 
Sprague, which sailed from Gravesend 
May 27. 

Whittingham, Richard* Charlestown, 
1093; had been in England in 1691. 

Willey, En ward,* Boston, juror, 10S6. 

Williams, William, * Boston. 1675, wife, 
Johanna; was pressed to go against the 
Indians in Philip's war. and was killed 
at Medfield, leaving "four small chil- 
dren." 

Willis, Lawrence,* Barnstable, 1044. 

Winsor, Joshua,* Boston, constable, 
1686. 

Wiswall, John, Dorchester, witnesses a 
new deed of the town, (8: 4: 1649,) made 
" because y e old deed was something, 
decayed with ill keeping.' 7 



CAPITAL OFFENCES IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



Thirteen offences were made capital by the original laws of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay ; namely, Idolatry; Witchcraft; Blasphemy; Murder; 
Bestiality; Sodomy; Adultery; llape ; Man-stealing; False-witness; 
Conspiracy, or rebellion against the government ; Cursing or smiting 
the father or mother, after passing sixteen years of age, unless with 
justifying provocation, or with unehristianly neglect in education; 
Filial rebellion, after sixteen years of age. 

To these were added, 1092, High Treason; Concealing the death 
qf a bastard child ; Arson ; Piracy. 



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IS 17.] Reasons for Genealogical Investigations. 1-17 

REASONS FOR GENEALOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS. 
[communicated for the register.] 

Perhaps nt no time since the settlement of onr country, lias the pub- 
lic mind been so deeply interested in genealogical research as it is at 
the present. There is now perceived among all classes, a growing 
disposition to make inquiries respecting the past. The National and 
State archives are compelled to surrender the treasures which lor 
centuries have been locked up in their musty embrace. On every 
side individuals are to be found, who are ransacking the homesteads 
of their fathers, to acquire materials for biography and to settle the 
questions respecting their ancestors which inquisitiveness suggests. 

Some of these individuals appear to be urged on by curiosity alone. 
If, through their inquiries, they ascertain that they have descended 
from an old ami celebrated family, the discovered fact seems to re- 
pay them for all the toil at the expense of which that fact may 
be brought to light. To establish their claim to descent from some 
noted warrior of the age of chivalry, or from some distinguished states- 
man of a later date, they are willing, not only to spend laborious days 
and sleepless nights, but their purses are open, and their gratitude 
is freely expressed, to any one who shall furnish them with a link to 
perfect the chain which may connect them with their supposed an- 
cestors. 

A family pride, either innate or acquired, leads other inquirers to 
their task. It is the height of their ambition to be able to trace their 
lineage to the first settlers of our country. To have derived their ex- 
istence from the noble band who left a home rendered insupportable 
by religious persecution, and crossed the stormy Atlantic in the frail 
Mayflower, is to them a source of the highest pleasure. In their 
efforts to establish this derivation, facts of great importance in the 
local history of our country have been elicited. These efforts have 
given birth to most of our town histories, whereby materials, invalua- 
ble to our future historiographers and biographers are preserved from 
the ravages of time. These men in consequence of their researches 
become the nuclei of associations for historical, genealogical, and bio- 
graphical pursuits, which, here and there, are springing into existence. 
These associations are awakening the mass of the people to a sense 
of the importance of the objects for which they were formed.- Many 
young men, naturally enthusiastic in every thing they undertake, have 
caught the spirit of antiquarian research. From them we have much 
to hope. New modes of investigation may be projected, new plans 
for arranging and preserving historical and genealogical discoveries 
may he proposed, and new deductions from these discoveries may be 
made. Such are some of the advantages which may be confidently 
predicted as the result of these labors in the genealogical field. 

Other inquirers are inclined to the study of genealogy from the 
argunientum ad pccunicnii. The vast amount of property which 
remains in abeyance in the old world, has arrested their attention. 
Every announcement of estates wanting heirs stimulates anew their 
investigations; and the presiding genius of the age suggests to them 
the possibility of finding themselves entitled to this unclaimed property. 

How important, then, that a genealogical record should exist, where- 



113 



Reasons for Genealogical Investigations. 



[April, 



in the heirs of families should have a permanent place! How many 
bitter controversies respecting heirship would thereby be prevented! I 
How many fraudulent distributions of property would thus be de- 
feated ! JIow many of those who have been rendered destitute by 
the deceptions of false claimants, would be restored to their legal 
rights, if such a record had been hitherto properly kept! 

The disputes of heirs relative to the distribution of estates have 
frequently occasioned difficulty in our civil courts. In some cubes 
property has been carried to collateral heirs, because lineal descend- 
ants could not sufficiently prove their derivation, ami in other cases, 
those who would have inherited at law as the representatives of a 
deceased parent, are excluded by the intrigues of living co-heirs. 
Frauds, as the reports of our courts attest, have been perpetrated by 
those, who, from a similarity of name, though unrelated, have em* 
boklened themselves to step in and exclude others who were legally 
entitled to the property, but who were unable to furnish sufficient 
evidence to establish their claim. 

The steamers from England often bring news of the extinguish* 
ment of European resident heirs to estates in that country; and much 
money has been expended in the research of ancestry, by our own 
citizens, who have imagined themselves to be the true heirs to this 
property. The families, from which the greater number of these es- 
tates descend, are old families; branches of which came to this coun- 
try prior to the commencement of the eighteenth century, and the 
trans-atlantic branch of the stock has run out. When this is the case, 
it is of high importance that the American descendants of these fami- 
lies should be able, clearly and conclusively, to prove their derivation. 
In this view, is it not a matter of surprise, that until the present year, 
the publication of a journal which could furnish information of so im- 
portant a character as that which now demands so great a share of 
the public attention, has been delayed ? 

A Register which shall contain " Biographical Memoirs, Sketches, 
and Notices of persons who catne to North America, especially to New 
England, before Anno Domini 1700; showing from what places in 
Europe they came, their Families there, and their descendants in this 
country;" which shall give "full and minute Genealogical Memoirs 
and Tables, showing the lineage and deseent of Families, from the 
earliest dates to which they can be authentically traced down to the 
present time, with their branches and connections," cannot but be in- 
valuable. If properly conducted, if the severest scrutiny is exercised 
by the writers over the materials which come under their notice, in 
the preparation of genealogical articles, the Register will become an 
authority in our courts, and will save immense amounts of money 
to the large number of individuals, who are attempting to trace their 
descent from European families. The policy of the law which in- 
vests, first, lineal descendants with intestate estates, and in the absence 
of lineal descendants, carries the estates to collateral heirs, in [(refer- 
ence to an escheat to the State, is generally admitted. AVere it not so, 
one great incentive to industry would be destroyed. The desire of 
securing their offspring against want, is a prevalent characteristic 
of New England parents. Assiduity and energy in the pursuit of 
wealth, which have overcome so many obstacles in our inhospitable 
climate, have their origin in the desire to advance the interests of pos- 
terity. How desirable, then, in order to carry out these views, docs the 



I 



IS 17.1 Our Ancestors. 1 19 



(lenealogical Register become! Sucli a publication affords the only 
permanent depository for such records as will servo to insure the coi- 
rect distribution of the property of deceased persons; and no parent 
who wishes the avails of his labors to be transmitted to his remote de- 
fendants can fail to perceive the utility of such a work, or can decline 
to furnish such information for its columns, as will enable those who 
Cjmc after him to prove their descent. 

The frauds continually practised by those who assume to be heirs to 
every unclaimed estate, have become a matter of notoriety in EnglUli 
legal practice; and though there are many estates now in abeyance in 
England for want of discovered legal heirs, the bar and the bench in 
England are exceedingly distrustful of the evidence forwarded by 
claimants in this country. No doubt many of these claimants are sin- 
cere in the belief that they are true heirs to those estates ; but the 
evidence upon which that belief is founded generally proves to be of 
too unsatisfactory a character to procure a judgment of the English 
tribunals in their favor; whereas, had materials been previously col- 
lected and given to the world through the columns of an authoritative 
periodical, the evidence thus furnished would he almost irresistible to 
any court of law. 

We can ask with confidence the attention of all travellers to this 
journal. Communications relative to the antiquities of the countries 
they may visit ; descriptions of monuments which exist, with the in- 
scriptions thereon; and such information as they may communicate 
respecting themselves which may be interesting to the families 10 
| which they belong: all these will be within the scone of this work. 
It needs but an announcement of these facts, to obtain from those in- 
terested, communications which will not only throw light upon the 
pedigree of families, but will contain many accounts interesting to 
genealogists, biographers, and historians, which otherwise would be 
swept into oblivion ; and in this department of the periodical, the pub- 
lic will find amusing, entertaining, and instructive pages. In this view 
of it, the New England Historical and Genealogical ltcgister should 
be extensively patronized; and we are happy to learn that thus far it 
meets with the decided approbation of the community. 



OUR ANCESTORS. 



li Our ancestors, though not perfect and infallible in all respects, were 
a religious, brave, and virtuous set of men, whose love of liberty, civil 
and religious, brought them from their native land into the American 
deserts." — Rev. JJr. Mayhem' s Election Sermon, 1761. 



*' To let the memory of these men die is injurious to posterity; by 
depriving them of what might contribute to promote their steadiness 
to their principles, under hardships and severities." — Rev, Dr. JL. Cat- 
amy's l*refacc to Ids Account of Ejected Ministers. 









' 






1.30 



Congregational Churches and 



April, 



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Ministers in Rockingham Count r. 



N O T E S 






Exeter. The settlement of Kxeter commenced in 1C38. The founder and 

fu%t minister of the place was the Rev. John IVlieelw right t mentioned by Dr. 
Bdkuap as ' ( a gentleman of learning, piety, and zeal." He came from Lin- 
colnshire, England, and landed at Boston, Ms.. May 26, 1G3G. " He and Mary, 
In wife, were admitted to the Boston church, oii the 12th of June." A nettle- 
Bent bad been made, as early as 1(325, at .Mount Wollaston, afterwards Braiu- 
Irte, Ms. In 1G34, Boston was enlarged, so as to include Mount Wollaston. 
Mr. Wheelwright became preacher to the people at that place. These circum- 
Itances account for his being mentioned in some publications, as having re- 
moved to New Hampshire from Brainlree ; and in others from the chinch in 
Boston. Antinomiau sentiments were imputed to Mr. Wheelwright. He was 
a brother of the famous Mrs. Ann Hutchinson, whose Antinomiau zeal brought 
her into public notice. At a Fast in Huston, in December, 1G36, Mr. Wheel- 
wright preached one of the sermons. It gave u'leuee, as it was judged to 
relied on ministers and magistrates. He was said to have asserted, •' that 
they walked in such a way of salvation as was no better than a covenant of 
works :" ami also, that '• he exhorted such as wore under a covenant of grace 
to combat them, as their greatest enemies." [A'vj/\ Sew ting-, Vol. I. p. I8<i.] 

Mr. Wheelwright was summoned, by the civil court, "to give in his answer 
explicitly, whether he would acknowledge his oiienc.e, in preaching his late 
seditious sermon, or abide the sentence of the court/*' His answer was, '• that 
he had been guilty of no sedition nor contempt; that he had delivered nothing 
but the truth of Christ : and. for the application of his doctrine, that was made 
by otheis, and not by himself, he was not responsible." [NcaVs N. L\, 1. 190. J 

Not being inclined to comply with the request of the court, that he would, 
,; out of a regard to the public peace, leave the Colony, of his own accord, 1 ' he 
was sentenced " to be disfranchised, to be banished the jurisdiction, ami to be 
tiken into custody immediately, unless he should give security to depait before 
the end of March.'' Appeal not beimr admitted, and declining to nive bail, he 
was taken into custody, but released the ne\t day. on •• declaring himself will- 
ing to submit to a simple banishment." [NeaVs N. L\, I. 191 ] 

Mr. Wheelwright, having purchased lauds of the Indians at Squamscot 
Falls, with a number of his adherents began a plantation in 1638, which, accord- 
ing to agreement made with Mason's anent, they called Exeter. " Having 
obtained a dismission from the church in Boston, they formed themselves into a 
church; and judging themselves without the jurisdiction of Massachusetts, 
they combined into a separate bodv politic," &c. [ Belknap, I. 37.] This com- 
bination continued three years. The names of those dismissed from Boston 
were John Wheelwright, Richard Merrys, Richard Bulbar, Philemon Purmont, 
Isaac Gosse, Christopher Marshall, George Baytes, Thomas Warded, William 
Wardell. [Dr. lklk nap from Boston Chh. Records.] "When Kxeter came 
under the jurisdiction of Massachusetts, Mr. Wheelwright, being still under 
.sentence of banishment, with those of his church who were resolved to adhere 
to him, removed into the Province of Maine, and settled at Wells. He was 
soon after restored, upon a slight acknowledgment, to the freedom of the 
Colony; and in 1047 accepted an invitation from the church in Hampton, ami 
settled as colleague with Mr. Dalton." "After his dismission from Hampton 
church he went to England, where he was in favor with Cromwell, with whom 
he had in early life been associated at the University of Cambridge in Eng- 
land. After Charles II. came to the throne. Mr. Wheelwright returned to New 
England, and took up his residence at Salisbury, where lie died November IT;, 
1679, aged, probably, about 85 years/ 1 | I)ow?s Jlist. Address at Hampton.] 

Neal, although his sympathies were with the opponents of Wheelwright, 
mentions him as being '•afterwards an useful minister in the town of Hamp- 
ton/' Dr. Cotton Mather, while he justifies the proceedings of the court 
against Mr. Wheelwright, accounts him "a man that had the root of the matter 
in him." Having quoted at large Mr. Wheelwright's address to the govern- 
ment, Dr. Mather says, " Upon this most ingenious acknowledgement, he was 
restored unto his former liberty, and interest among the people of God ; and 



152 



Com 



rr<_ 



"(itional Churches and 



[April, 



lived almost 40 years afler, a valued servant of the church, in hit generation." 
Referring to some publications of the day, in which Mr. Wheelwright was 
charged with being heretical, Dr. Mather said, u t his good man published* 
vindication of himself, against the wrongs that had been done unto him." In 
this vindication were quoted the words ot Mr. Cotton — ; ' I do conceive and pro- 
fess, that our brother Wheelwright's doctrine is according to God, in the points 
controverted." Mr. Wheelwright also produced " a declaration fioin the whole 
general court of the Colony, signed by the secretary," in which "they novr 
signify, that Mr. Wheelwright hath, for these many years, approved himself a 
sound orthodox, and profitable minister of the gospel, among the churches of 
Christ." [Magnalia, II. 443.] 

Dr. Mather's own opinion of Mr. Wheelwright was expressed in a letter to (J. 
Vaughan, E.sq., in 1708. " Mr. Wheelwright was always a gentleman of the 
most unspotted morals imaginable ; a man of a most unblemished reputation." 
:; His worst enemies never looked on him as chargeable with the least ill 
practices." [Belknap's Biog. } III. 338.1 

The sermon of Mr. Wheelwright which gave offence in 1638, is still pre- 
served in manuscript. The lion. Jeremiah Smith, late of Exeter, N. H., who 
h id read it, and who was fully competent to judge of its legal bearings, said 
that he found in it no ground for a charge of sedition. The charge was " wholly 
groundless, there was not the least color for it." [Judge Smith's MS.] 

Mr. Wheelwright was settled over the lirst church in Salisbury, Ms., Dec. 9, 
1662. [Rev. J. B. Felt.] In 1671, at the ordination of Rev. Joshua Moody, at 
Portsmouth, Mr. Wheelwright gave the Right Hand of Fellowship. One of 
Mr. Wheelwright's descendants, of the ninth generation, Rev. Rufus Wheel- 
wright Clark, is now pastor of that church in Portsmouth. Mr. Wheelwright's 
last will " names his son Samuel, son-in-law Edward Ivish worth, his grand- 
children Edward L.yde, Mary White, Mary Maverick, and William, Thomas, 
and Jacob Bradbury." [Farmers Geneal. Reg.] Thomas Wheelwright ot 
Wells, was also a son of Rev. John Wheelwright. For an interesting account, 
containing other facts respecting Mr. Wheelwright, see u Collectanea" by 
Hon. J. Kelly, in Exeter News Letter, May 24, 1842. 

Two of the descendants of the Rev. Mr. Wheelwright, of the seventh genera- 
tion, are now living in Newburyport. Abraham Wheelwright, Esq., and Ebene- 
zer Wheelwright, Esq., both merchants. The lirst is the oldest man in the 
place who is still able to walk abroad, having attained to the age of 90 years. 
He was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, ami was distinguished for patriotism 
and bravery. He was in the lield with Washington in most of his actions, and 
was several times taken prisouer by the British, but always effected his escape. 

'•The first church formed in Eveter became extinct a few years after its for- 
mation." [Dow's Hist. Address ; Farmer 'if Moore] "An attempt was made 
by the remaining inhabitants of Exeter to form themselves into a church, and 
settle Mr. Batchelder, who had been minister at Hampton." This the geneial 
court prohibited, on account of their divisions; and directed them to " defer 
gathering a church, or any other such proceeding, till they, or the court of 
Ipswich, upon further satisfaction of their reconciliation and fitness, should 
give allowance therefor." [Belknap's Biog. f I. 58.] 

The Rev. Samuel Dudley was the second minister in Exeter. It does not 
appear that there was any formal church organization there, during his minis- 
try. In some circumstances, a minister labored with a people several years, 
before a church was formally organized. Rev. Joshua Moody was ten or 
twelve years in the ministry at Portsmouth, before a church was gathered in 
that place. 

Mr. Dudley was son of Gov. Thomas Dudley, who came to New England in 
lf>30, and of whom Farmer speaks, as "a man of approved wisdom and godli- 
ness." Gov. Dudley was, however, among the most zealous of those who 
ellected the banishment of Wheelwright. Cotton Mather says, I His orthodox 
piety had no little influence unto the deliverance of the country, from the con- 
tagion of the famalistical errors, which had like to have overturned all." [Mag.) 
I. 122] 

A short passage from Farmer should be introduced here, not merely as relat- 



1^17.] Ministers in Rockingham Comity. 153 

Ing to the persecution, which led to the settlement of Exeter, by Wheelwright, 
hut as it gives a just representation of the Puritan character in those times. 
"Through the whole of his life, Governor Dudley opposed and denounced what 
ho deemed to be heresy with an honest zeal, which, in these days of universal 

toleration, is sometimes referred to, as a blot upon his tame. Hut the candid 
ami judicious, who are acquainted with the history of the Puritans, and the 
circumstances under which 'they came into a corner of tin; now world, and 
with an immense toil and charge made a wilderness habitable, on purpose 
there to be undisturbed in the exercise of their worship,' will never be found 
Censuring and railing at their errors. They will rather wonder at the wisdom 
of the views, the disinterested nobleness of principle, and self-sacrilicing hero- 
ism, displayed by these wonderful men, to whom the world is indebted fur the 
most perfect institutions of civil and religious freedom known among men." 
[Am. Quar. Reg. Vol. XV. 301.] 

Mr. Dudley of Exeter is noted in Fitch's MS. as "a person of good capacity 
and learning." [Belknap, 1.53.] lie was bom in England in 1000. In New 
England, he resided in Cambridge, in Boston, and in Salisbury. lie was Rep- 
resentative of Salisbury in 1644. His ministry in Exeter lie commenced in 
1650, and died there in 1683, aged 77. In 1(556 the inhabitants of Portsmouth 
voted "to give an invitation to Mr. Samuel Dudley, son of Thomas Dudley. 
the Deputy Governor of Massachusetts, to be their minister, and to give him a 
salary of eighty pounds a year."' He accepted the proposition, and agreed to 
visit them the next spring; but it does not appear that he ever came." [Adams's 
Annate of Portsmouth.] Mr. Dudley's first wife was Mary, daughter of Gover- 
nor Winthrop. She died at Salisbury, April 12, 10-13. He had a second and a 
third wife. Besides his descendants of the name of Dudley, there are numerous 
families in New Hampshire, and elsewhere, who trace their descent from Mr. 
Dudley of Exeter. Among his descendants were the wife of Gen. Henry Dear- 
born ; the wife of Rev. John Moody ; the wife of John Burgin ; the wife of Gov. 
James Sullivan ; the grandmother of Tobias I. ear, Washington's secretary ; and 
also the mother of Gov Langdon. For a lorn: li.^t of descendants of Rev. Sam- 
uel Dudley, see Exeter News Letter, Aug. 31, 1840. 

The Rev. John Clark was the third minister in Exeter. 

A church, which continues under the style of the First Church in Exeter, 
was organized in September, 1098. In the Hampton Church Records is the fol- 
lowing entry : "1698. Sept. 11, Dismissed, in order to their being incorporated 
into a church state, in Exeter, Mr. Moses Leavitt, Mr. Henry Wadley. Jno. 
Scribner, Mrs. Elisabeth Clark, Mrs. Elisabeth Gilman, wife of Cap. Giltnan, 
Mrs. Tipping, Mrs. Deborah Collin, Goodwife Bean, Mrs. Mary Gilman, Mrs. 
Elisabeth Wadley, Mrs. Sarah Dudley, Sarah Sewal, Deborah Sinclar. And 
Mr. Wear and Cap. Dow were chosen, messengers of the church, to assist in 
the ordination of Mr. Jno. Clark, at Exeter." The persons who have been 
mentioned, as having been formerly admitted to the church in Hampton, (most 
or all of whom lived in Exeter.) constituted nearly half the number, who entered 
into a church state at Exeter. 

The most ancient volume extant of the records of the present " First Church 
of Christ in Exeter" commences thus, " The order of proceeding in gathering 
a particular Church in Exeter." 

"After conferring together, and being mutually satisfied in each other, we 
drew up a confession of faith, and the terms of the covenant, which we all 
signed, the sabbath before ordination. And having sent for the Rev. Mr. J. 
Hale, (who preached the ordination sermon,) Mr. Woodbridge, Mr. Pike, Mr. 
Rolfe, Mr. Cotton, and Mr. Toppan, who accordingly came ; and on the twen- 
ty-first of September, 1698, Mr. Hale, Woodbridge, Pike, and Cotton, laid on 
hands, Air. Pike praying before the imposition of hands : Mr. Woodbridge 
gave the charge ; Air. Cotton gave the right hand of fellowship ; and we were. 
by the elders, and messengers, of the several churches, owned as a Church of 
Christ, and John Clark declared to be a minister of Christ Jesus." No doubt 
Mr. John Hah;, of Beverly, was the preacher. He had recently married the 
widowed mother of Mr. Clark. The other ministers mentioned were un- 
doubtedly Rev. Messrs. Benjamin Woodbridge, minister first at Bristol, K. 1., 

10 



154 



Congrresrational Churches and 



April, 



who preached at Kittery in iG88, and, as early as 1699, in Medford ; Joha 
Pike of Dover; Benjamin RoJfe of Haverhill, Ms., who was killed by the In* 
dians ; John Cotton of Hampton; and Christopher Toppan of Newbury. Tht 
father of ilev. John Clark oi Exeter was Nathaniel Clark, a merchant of New- 
bury, and one ot the earl) settlers of that town, who married, Nov. 2:'), 1663, 
Elisabeth Somerby, daughter of Henry Somerby, one of the grantees of New* 
bury. Nathaniel Clark was in the expedition to Canada in lti'JO, and died there, 
Aug. 25, aged 46, having been wounded on board the ship'' Six Friends." His 
widow, Elisabeth Clark, married Rev, John Hale of Beverly, Aug. 8, 1GU8. Mr. 
Hale was chaplain in the expedition in which Nathaniel Clark was mortully 
wounded. A particular account of Mr. Hale does not belong to this article. Of 
his views and inlluence in the allairs of the " Salem Witchcraft" see Amer. Quar. 
Reg. Vol. X. pp. 2.47, 2 18. In that account then' is) however, doubtless a mistake 



as to the original name of the widow of Nathaniel Clark. 



dso Maimalia, II. 



408, and Collin's Newbury, p. 298. Ilev. Mr. Clark of Exeter was born at New. 
bury, June 24, Ki70.gr. 11. C. 1690, and ordained at Exeter, Sept. 21. 1698; 
" married Elisabeth Woodbridge, a daughter of the Rev. Benjamin Woodbridge. 
already mentioned, and granddaughter of Rev. John Woodbridge, first minister of 
Andover, and also of Rev. John Waul, lirst minister of Haverhill, June 19, 
KiLM, — Rev. John Clark died July 25, 1705," aged 35. His children were 
Benjamin, Nathaniel, Deborah, and Ward, who was the first minister of 
Kingston. The mother of Elisabeth Woodbridge was Mary, daughter of John 
Ward. 

The Woodbridge family has furnished a number of ministers distinguished for 
talents, learning, piety, and an excellent spirit. Were the notices of them col* 
lected, which are scattered in various publications, they would form an interest- 
ing memoir. 

Ilev. John Odlin. the fourth minister of Exeter, and the second minister of the 
present First Church, was son of Elisha, and grandson of John Odlin, one of the 
lirst bottlers of Boston. Rev. John Odlin was born in Boston, Nov. 18, 1681, 
gr. II. C. 1702, ordained at Exeter, Nov. 11. 1706. lie married, Oct. 21, 1709, Mrs. 
Elisabeth Woodbridge Clark, widow of his predecessor. Mr. Odlin was 
one of the proprietors of Gilmanton. His son, Capt. John Odlin, was one of 
the settlers of that town. Another of his sons, Dudley, was a physician. 
Elisha gr. H. C. 1731, and settled in the ministry in Amesbury ; Woodbridge 
was his lather's colleague and successor in Exeter. Mrs. Odlin, wife of Rev. 
John Odlin, d. Dec. <>, 1729. His second marriage was Oct. '22, 1730, with 
Elizabeth Briscoe, widow of Robert Briscoe, and formerly wife of Lieut. James 
Dudley, and daughter of Samuel Leavitt. Mr. Odlin d. Nov. 20, 1754, aged 
about 73, nearly eleven years after his son became his colleague. [Farmer^ 
Reg.; Lancaster's Gilmanton-; Exeter Chunk Cor.] In 17-13, May 18. the church 
' : voted to concur with the vote of the town in choosing Mr. Woodbridge Odlin 
to settle as a colleague with his hou'd father the Rev. John Odlin." During 
the same month '• there were a number of the church separated from their com- 
munion." The circumstances will be noticed in the account of the formation 
of another church. 

Rev. Woodbridge Odlin was ordained colleague pastor Sept. 28, 1743. The 
'exercises were, Prayer by Rev. Win. Allen of Greenland ; Sermon by Rev. Mr. 
Odlin from Col. i : 28 ; Charge by Rev. Caleb Gushing of Salisbury ; Right Hand 
by Rev. Mr. Rust of Slratham ; and Prayer by Rev. Joseph Adams of Newing- 
tou. Rev. W. Odlin was born at Exeter, Apiil 28, 1718; gr. H. C. 1738, m. 
Oct. 23, 1755, Mrs. Abigail Strong, widow of Rev. Job Strong of Portsmouth, 
and daughter of Col. Peter Oilman. Mr. W. Odlin d. March 10, 1776, aged 
57. His children were Dudley, Woodbridge, Peter, Elisabeth, Abigail, who 
was the lirst wife of Hon. Nathaniel Oilman of Exeter, John, Mary Ann, who 
was wife of Thomas Slickney of Concord, and Charlotte, wife of Jeremiah 
Stickney of Dover." [ Lam aster's Gilmanton; Exeter Church Records.] Rev. 
W. Odlin, during his ministry of more than thirty-two years, baptized 1,276, and 
admitted 36 persons to the church. [Chh. Records.] The " Half-way covenant," 
as it was often called, was then in use, and this accounts for the great dispro- 
portion between the admissions to full communion and the baptisms. " It 






IS 17.1 



Ministers in Rockingham County \ 



luo 



provided that all persons of sober life and correct .sentiments without being 
examined as to a change of heart might profess religion or become members of 

the church and have their children baptized though they did not come to the 
Lord's table." [Dr. Hawes* Lectures, p. 119.) 

Rev. Isaac Mansfield succeeded Rev. \V. Odlin, and was ord. Oct. 9, 1776. 
The exercises were Prayer by the Kev. Mr. Tucker of Newbury ; Sermon by 
Hev. Mr. Thayer of Hampton, from E/ek. xxxiii : 7-9 ; Charge by Rev. Mr. Vogg 
of Kensington ; Right Hand by Hev. Mr. Webster of Salisbury, 2nd chh. ; Prayer 
by Rev. Edmund Noyes of Salisbury, 1st chh. There were also invited on the 
ordaining council the churches in Brentwood, Dover, Epptng, Greenland, 1st in 
Cambridge, 2nd in Seituate, and 2nd in Amesbury. Mr. Mansfield was born at 
Marblehead, Ms., in 1 750, gf. II. C. 1707, also M. A. at 1). C, 1770 ; married Mary, 
daughter of Nathaniel Clap of Scituate, Ms. Mr. Mansfield, '' according to his 
agreement with the parish/' was dismissed Aug. 22. 1787, by a council of three 
cliurches ; of which Messrs. Fogg, Langdon, then of Hampton Falls, and Mac- 
clintock were pastors. The result is in the church records. It does not state 
the circumstances which produced ''such a crisis as to render a separation eligi- 
ble on both parts ; ;J but the council say, '•• We feel ourselves constrained by 
duty and love to testify the sense we have of the valuable ministerial gifts and 
qualifications with which God hath furnished Mr. Mansfield, and which have 
been well approved not only among his own people, but by the churches in 
this vicinity. ' ; During Mr. Mansfield's ministry of nearly eleven years, 245 
were baptized, and 12 admitted to the church. Mr. Mansfield removed to 
Marblehead. He became a magistrate, and was afterwards known as Isaac 
Mansfield, Esq. His sons, Theodore and Isaac, were born in Exeter. Mrs. 
Mansfield died in Marblehead, Feb. 11, 180*), aged 59. lie d.in Boston, Sept., 
1826, aged 70. His father was also Isaac Mansfield, Esq., of Marblehead : "a 
gentleman of handsome literary acquirements, and spent his days in piety and 
Usefulness." He died April 12, 1792, aged 72. He is supposed to be the same 
who graduated at H. C, 1712. [Alden's Col] 

Rev. William Frederick Rowland was born in Plainfield, Ct., in 1761, gr. I). 
C. 1784, also M. A. at Vale, 1787. He was ordained in Exeter. June 2, 1790. 
The churches invited were Hampton Falls, North Hampton, Hampton, 2nd 
Salisbury, 1st Newbury, 1st Newburyport, Greenland, Stratham, 2nd Exeter, 
Brattle Street, Boston, Charlestown. 2nd Portland. The exercises were, Prayer 
by Dr. Macclintock ; Sermon by Dr. Thacher of Boston ; Ordaining Prayer by 
Dr. Langdon; Charge by Dr. Webster ; Right Hand by Dr. Macclintock; 
Prayer by Dr. Morse. Mr. Rowland m. Sally', daughter of Col. Eliphalet Ladd 
of Portsmouth. She died Oct. 12, 1798, at the early age of 24. Extracts from 
the sermon of Dr. Buckminster of Portsmouth at her funeral, may be found in 
Alden's Collection, Vol. II.. p. 66. Mr. Rowland's 2nd marriage was with Ann, 
daughter of Col. Eliphalet Giddings of Exeter. She died June 13, 1811, aued 
31. Her infant was buried with her. After a ministry of thirty-eight years. Mr. 
Rowland asked and received a dismission. It took place Jiec. 5. 1828. The- 
ministers of the council, whose result is in the church records, were Rev. Messrs. 
Hurd of Exeter. Sanford of Newmarket. Spolford of Rrentwood, and Cumraings 
of Stratham. Mr. Rowland deceased June 10, 1843. aged 82, leaving four chil- 
dren, Sarah Ann, Mary Elisabeth, William Frederick, and Theresa Orne. Mary 
Elisabeth died in 18 15. The sermon at the funeral of Mr. Rowland- was 
preached by the Rev. Mr. Hurd. Mr. Rowland's father was Rev. David S. 
Rowland, gr. Yale, 1743; settled first at Plainfield, Ct., ami afterwards at 
Windsor, Ct. ; where his son, Henry A. Rowland, was ordained his successor, in 
1790. During Mr. Rowland's ministry at Exeter, there were 128 admissions to 
the church, and 295 baptisms. He possessed good talents, was very respect- 
able as a preacher, and gifted in prayer. 

Rev. John Smith was born in Wethersfield, Ct. : gr. V. C, 1821; ordained 
at Trenton, N. J., March 7. 1820 ; dismissed Aug., 182s. Inst, in Exeter, March 
12, 1829. Exercises on the occasion : Prayer by Rev. Abraham Rurnham of 
Pembroke, N. II. ; Sermon by Rev. N. Ronton ol Concord : Prayer, Rev. Mr. Milti- 
more of Newbury; Charge, Rev. Dr. Dana, Newburyport ; Right Hand, Rev. 
Mr. Hurd of Exeter; Address, Rev. Mr. Withington of Newbury; Prayer by 



156 



Congregational Churches and Ministers. 



Apri 



Rev. Mr. Winslow, then of Dover, now of Boston. Mr. Smith's <: relation to the 
people of his charge in Exeter, continued nearly nine years with mutual 
harmony and alieetion and with much advantage to the cause of religion." 
[Result of Council.] At his own request, he was dismissed Feb. 1 1, 183H, and 
accepted an appointment from the Amer. Tract Society, to superintend their W 
operations in New Jersey, and in Southern New York and vicinity, lie; wai 
afterwards installed in Wilton, Ct. During Mr. Smith's ministry in Ex o tor, 
the number of admissions to the church was 170. and the number of baptising 
139. The number of church members reported to the General Association in 
1836, was 226. Of the children of the Rev. John and Mrs. Esther Smith, there 
were baptized at Exeter, James Dickinson, Jan. 7, 1830 : Esther Mary, June 9, 
1833 ; a second Esther Mary, Oct. 5, 1835 ; ami Walter Mitchell, June -1, 1837. 

Rev. William Williams was horn in Wethersfield, Ct., Oct. 2, 171)7, grail. 
Y. C, 1816 ; studied theology at Andov. Sem., and with Pies. Timothy Dwighti 
Settled in Salem over the Branch, .since the Howard St. Church, July 5, 1821 j 
dismissed Feb. 17, 1 832 ; settled over the Crombie St. Church, which had aep» 
arated from the Howard St. Nov. 22, 1832. [Amer. Quar. Reg., Vol. VII., p. 260.] 
He was installed at Exeter, May 31, 1.838. Exercises on the occasion : Prayer 
by Rev. S. T. Abbott of S'eabrook ; Sermon by Rev. Milton P. Braminof Dan* 
vers; Prayer by Rev. S. W. Clark of Greenland ; Charge by Rev. J. French 
of North Hampton; Right Hand, Rev. J. Hurd of Exeter: Address by Rev. 
Edwin Holt of Portsmouth; Prayer by Rev. Mr. Gunnison of Brentwood. Mr. 
Williams resigned his ministry, Oct. 1, 1842, on account of the slate of his 
health, taken in connection with existing difficulties. Mr. Williams returned 
to Salem, Ms., when 1 he engaged in the study, and has been since in the prac- 
tice of medicine. The number of members of Mr. Williams's church, as re- 
ported in 1841, was 217. 

Rev. Joy Hamlet Fairchild was born in Guilford, Ct., April 24, 1789, and was 
the youngest of sixteen children. His father was Lewis Fairchild. His 
mother before marriage was Mehetabel Water-house of Saybrook, Ct. Rev. Mr, 
Fairchild grad. Y. C. 1813, studied theology with Dr. Ely of Monson. Ms., and set- 
tied in the ministry in East Hartford, Ct., June, 1816; in South Boston, Phil- 
lips Church, Nov., 1827. He was installed in Exeter, Sept. 20, 1843. Exercises 
on the occasion were: Reading of the Scriptures, Rev. S. W. Clark of Greenland^ 
Prayer, Rev. R. W. Clark, Portsmouth: Sermon, Rev. N. Adams, Boston) 
Prayer, Rev. J. French ; Charge, Rev. Dr. Codman ; Right Hand, Rev. Mr. Hurd ; 
Address, Rev. H. Winslow of Boston ; Prayer, Rev. E. 1). Eldredge of Hamp- 
ton. Mr. Fairchild resigned his oilice June 18, 1814. His reasons ate thus 
assigned in his letter to the church. " [ am accused of a crime which 1 never 
committed, hut which it is not in my power to disprove. I do not wish to 
preach the gospel any longer than 1 can be useful. And as my usefulness 
must now be ended, 1 hereby resign my oflice as Pastor of this church." His 
pastoral relation was formally dissolved by a Council, called at his own request, 
July 30, 1844. The doings of the ecclesiastical ami civil tribunals in his case 
are in the hands of the public. After removing from Exeter he was installed 
over the Payson Church, South Boston, Nov. 11). 1815. 

Mr. Fairchild m. 1st, Cynthia Waterhouse of Saybrook, Ct., Oct., 1814. Their 
children are Harriet Elisabeth, b. Sept. 2, 1815, m. Anthony Ten Eyck, Esq., 
of Detroit, Mich., U. S. Commissioner at the Sandwich Islands, where she d. 
Nov. 5, 1846; Lucius Hamlet, b. Jan. 26, 1819. Mr. Fairchild m. 2nd, Mary 
Bradford, daughter of William Bradford, E-sq., of Philadelphia, July 18. 1825. 
Their children are William Bradford, b. Nov. 2, 1S28 ; Thomas Robbins, b. 
April 0, 1834, d. May 2, 1835; Fiorina Tomlin, b. March 13, 1838; Mary Joy, 
b. May 25, 1843, d. July 10, 1843 ; Harriet Ten Eyck, b. Dec. 20, 1846. 

Rev. Roswcll Dwight Jlitchcock, the present pastor, was born in East Machias, 
Me., Aug. 15, 1817, gr. A .C. 1836, Tutor from 1839 to 1842, theological educa- 
tion at Andov. Sem., before and after his tutorship ; stated supply at Watorville, 
Me., one year; ord. at Exeter Nov. 10, is 15. Exercises on the occasion were, 
Reading the Scriptures, Rev. J. W. Newman of Stratham ; Prayer, Rev. Homer 
Barrows of Dover ; Sermon, Rev. Orin Fowler of Fall River ; Ordaining Prayer, 
Rev, J. Hurd; Charge, Rev. O. Fowler; Right Hand, Rev. B. R. Allen of 



1817.1 



Proprietors of New Haven, Ct. 



157 



South Berwick, Me. ; Address, Rev. S. S. N. Greely of Newmarket ; Prayer, 
Rev. James T. MeCoIlom, Somersworth. The father of Mr. Hitchcock, whose 

name was also Rosweli, was born in Hawley, Ms. : his lather removed from 
Springfield, Ms. His mother's surname was, before marriage, Longfellow. 
She was of Machias. Mr. Hitchcock m. Elisabeth Anthony Bray ton, her 
mother being of the Anthony family, which was ancient in Bristol Co., Ms. 

(Tu L»e continued.) 



THE NAMES OF THE PROPRIETORS OF NEW HAVEN, CT., IN THE 

YEAR 1685. 

[This article has been kindly furnished lis by Charles William Bradley, Esq., the present 
Secretary of the .State of Connecticut. J 



James Bishop, Esqr. 
William Jones, Esqr. 
Major John Nash, 
Mr. James Pierpont, 
Serjt. John Ailing, 
Mr. James Ailing, 
Phillip Aleoek, 
John Ailing Senr. 
Samuoll Ailing, 
Joseph Alsup, Senr. 
Joseph Alsup,* Junior, 
Serjt Nathan Andrews, 
David Atwater, Senr. 
David Atwater, Junr. 
John Atwater, 
Jonathan Atwater, 
Robert Augar, 
Nathan Andrews, Junr. 
John Austin, 
John Ball, 
Hannah Ball, 
John Barnes, 
Thomas Barnes, 
Daniell Barnes, 
John Bassett, 
Samuel! Bassett, 
Isaac Beecher, Senr. 
Isaac Beecher, Junr. 
John Beecher, 
Eleazar Beecher, 
John Ben'ham, Senr. 
John Benham, Junr. 
John Bishop, 
John Blackly, 
Samuell Blackly, 
Ebenezer Blackly, 
Benjamin Louden, 
Nathanael Boykin, 
William Bradly, 
Joseph Bradly, 
Abraham Bradly, 
Isaac Bradly, 
Benjamin Bradly, 



Henry Bristoll, 
John Brockett, 
John Brockett, Junr. 
John Brooks, 
Henry Brooks, 
Eleazer Brown, 
Samuell Broun, 
Ebenezer Brown, 
Benjamin Bunnill, 
Samuell Burwell, 
Zacheus Cande, 
William Chatterton, 
John Chjdsey, 
James Clark, 
John Clark, 
Samuell Clark, 
William Collins, 
John Cooper, Senr. 
John Cooper, Junr. 

Mrs. Co.ter, 

Mr. John Davenports, heirs, 

Mr. James Dixwell, 

John Davids, or Dixwell, 

Robeit Dauson, 

James Denison, 

Lt. Abraham Dickerman, 

Edmund Dorman, 

John Downs, 

Nicholas F.I soy, 

Symon Egears, 

Samuell Ferns, 

Benjamin Fenns, heirs, 

Samuell Ford, 

Mathew Ford, 

Mark Fowler, 

John Frost, 

Mr. Gibberts, heirs, 

Timothy Gibberts, heirs, 
John Gibbs, 
Henry Gibbons, 
William Gibbons, 
Mathew Gilbert's, heirs, 
Mathew Gilbert. 



Henry Glover. 
Mr. John Goodyear, 
John Hancock, 
Mr. John Harriman, 
James Heaton, 
Nathanael Heaton, 
Samuel Hemingway, 
Mrs. Hope Herbert, 
Eliakim Hitchcock. 
Nathanael Hitchcock, 
Richard Hingambottom, 
John Hill, 
Ebenezer Hill, 
Mr. John Hodson, 
John Holt, 
Eleazar Holt, 
Samuell Hotchkis, 
John Hotchkis, 
Joshua Hotchkis, 
Thomas Hotchkis, 
Daniell Hotchkis, 
Jerremiah How, 
Ephraim How's, heirs, 
Jerremiah Hull, 
Samuell Humerston, 
John Humerston, 
Thomas Humerston, 
Bartholomew Jacobs, 
Thomas Johnson, 
John Johnson, S..-nr. 
John Johnson, Junr. 
"William Johnson, 
Samuell Johnson, 
Nathanael Jones. 
Joseph Ives, 
Edward Keely, 
Nathanael Kimberly, 
Thomas Ivimb -tIv, 
Jonathan Lamson, 
'I nomas Leek, 
Richard Little, 
Ralph Loines, Senr. 
Samuell Loines, • 



* The present orthography o!" such names as have materially changed their forms is here 
given: Alsop for Al$np; Blakeslee or Blakuley, Blackly.; Bradley, Bradly; Bristol, 
Bristoll; Brackett, Brockett; Bunnel, Bunnill ; Candee, Cande; Dawson, Dauson: Gil- 
bert, Gibberts; Eaton, Heaton; lli:rgins?, contraction of Higginbottom, Hinjrambottoin ; 
Hotchkiss, Hotchkis; Ilumasion, Humerston; Lines and Lynde, Loines.; Mollory, M:il- 
Icrv; xMeiviu.au, Miimiii.in ; Morse; Moss ; Moltbrop, Mulirop ; Moiimiii, Mmison ; Inborn, 
Os'bourn; Payne, I'.iin-; Puudersou, Foudorson ; IVindle, Pringle; Thomson, Thomson ; 
Turner, Turnor ; Uinberiiold !. Umphervilo ; Woodm. Wooden. 



153 



Proprietors of yew Haven, Ct. 



April, 



Ralph Loines, Junr. 
Joseph Loines, 
Benjamin Loines, 
Thomas Luddington, 
John Luddinjrton, 
William Luddington, 
Peter Mallery, Senr. 
Peter Mallery, Junr. 
Thomas Mallery, 
Daniel! Mallery, 
John Mallery, 
Joseph Mansfield, 
Capt. Moses Mansfield, 
Lt. Nathaniel Marriman, 
Ellis Mew's, heirs, 
Ens : John Miles, 
Thomas Mix, 
John Mix, 
Nathanael Mix, 
Daniell Mix, 
Caleh Mix, 
John Morris, 
Elea/er Morris, 
Joseph Morris, 
Mr. John Moss, 
Joseph Moss, 
Mercy Moss,'s heirs, 
Mathew Multrop, 
Ens: Samuell Munson, 
Richard Newman, 
John Newman, 
Mr. Jerr : Osbourn's, heirs, 
Mrs. Mary Obbourn, 
Mr. Jerr: Osborn,. Junr. 
Mr. John Prout, 
William Pain's, heirs, 
John Pain, 
George Pardee, Senr. 
George Pardee, Junr. 
Mr, William Peck, 
Joseph Peck, 



Benjamin Peck, 
Edward Perkins, 
John Perkins, 

Jonathan Perkins, 
David Perkins, 
John Perry, 
Thomas Pimore, 
John Ponderson, 
John Potter, 
Nathanael Potter, 
Edward Preston, 
Joseph Preston, 
William Pringle, 
Joseph Pringle, 
Ely Robberts, 
William Robberts, 
Mr. Rich'i Rosewell, 
John Roe, 
John Sacket's heirs, 
John Sacket, Junr. 
Thomas Sandford, 
Ens : Dan 1 Sherrnon, 
Thomas Smith, 
John Smith, 
Samuell Smith, 
Joseph Smith, 
Ebenezer Smith, 
Nathan Smith, 
Richard Sperry, Senr. 
John Sperry, 
Richard Sperry, Junr. 
Nathanael Sperry, 
Thomas Sperry, 
John Steevens, 
Henry Steevens, 
Robert Talmage's heirs, 
Serj' Thos. Talmage, 
Enos Talmage, 
John Talmage, 
James Taylor, 
William Thorps, heirs, 



Nathanael Thorp, 
John Thomson's heirs, 
John Thomson, mairiner, 
John Thomson, farmer, 
John Thomson, Junr. 
Mr. William Thomson, 
John Thomas, 
Daniell Thomas, 
Samuell Thomas, 
Joseph Thomas, 
John Thomas, Junr. 
Christopher Todd, 
John Todd, 
Samuell Todd, 
Mr. Thomas Trowbridge, 
John Trowbridge, 
Mr. William Trowbridge. 
William Trowbridge, Junr. 
Thomas Trowbridg, Juur. 
James Trowbridge, 
Isaac Tumor, 
Thomas Tut lie, 
Jonathan Tuttle, 
Joseph Tuttle, 
David Tuttle, 
Nathanael Tuttle, 
John Tuttle, 
Samuell Tuttle, 
John Umphervile, 
John Watson, 
Samuell Whitehead, 
William Wilmott, # 

Serj' John Winston, 
John Winston, Junr. 
William Wooden's heirs, 
Jerremiah Wooden, 
John Woolcott, 
Mr. John Yale, 
Mr. Nathanael Yale, 
The Trustees of the ) 
School Estate. ( 



This List of names Compared with the List of 1CS5, and is a true Coppy, attested 
by uss, 

NATHAN ANDREWS, ] Selectmen 
WILLIAM THOMSON, t ™ rr 
JONATHAN ATWATER.J °J * tw IIaven ' 

This List of the Proprietors of the Lands in the Township of Newhaven, was Ex- 
hibited in the Generall Assembly on the Twentieth day of October, in the third year of 
her Majesties reigne, Annoq. Dom : 1701, at the Same time when a release of all the 
Lands in said Township to the said proprietors was read and approved and ordered to 
be signed in the name of the Gouernor and Company of her Majesties Colony of Con- 
necticutt. Test. ELEAZER KlMBERLV, Sccry. 

The ahoue written, with what is Contained in the two next aforegoing pages, relating 
thereunto, is a true Coppie of the Origenall, being therewith Examin'd and Compared, 
and here recorded, May 'JUth, 1707. Pr me ELEAZER KTMBEELY, Sccry. 

[The foregoing is recorded in the Connecticut " Colony Records of Deeds," Vol. III. 
fol.397 — 399.J 

State ok Connecticut, ss., ) 
Office of Secketary of State. J 
I hereby certify, that the foregoing is a true copy of record in this Ollice. 
/ — • — | In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the Seal 

J l. s. > of said State, at Hartford, this sixth day of March, A. D. IS 17, and in the 
t wv^. ) 7ist year of the Independence of the United States of America. 



CHARLES WM. BRADLEY 



Secretary of State. 



• 




^/^Zc*—^^^ <^ fiU^/Zj^U 




1847.] Memoir of Enoch Parsons, Esq. 159 



MEMOIR OF ENOCH PARSONS, ESQ., OF HARTFORD, CT. 

The name of Parsons is found among the earliest emigrants 
to New England, and it designated a family of high respectability 
in the parent country. As early as 1481, John Parsons was Mayor 
of Hereford in the county of Herefordshire, and Sir Thomas Par- 
sons of Great Milton, from one branch of the family, received the 
honor of knighthood from Charles L, about the year 1634, and his 
descendants are still found at Great Milton and in the city of Lon- 
don. The Coat of Arms granted to Sir Thomas is thus described : 
" He beareth gules, two chevrons ermine, between three eagles dis- 
played, or;" Crest: "an eagle's leg erased at the thigh, or, standing 
on a leopard's head, gules." 

These armorial bearings are retained in the Parsons Family in 
the United States, and by the descendants of Sir Thomas in Lon- 
don, among whom were Sir John and Sir Humphrey Parsons, the 
former Lord Mayor of London in 1704, and the latter in 1731 and 
1740 ; also by the branch of the family that settled in Barbadoes, 
of which Rev. John Parsons, M. A., of Beybrook House in the 
county of Gloucester, Vicar of Marden, county of Wilts, is a de- 
scendant, being the son of Daniel Parsons, M. D., of Barbadoes. 

Enoch Parsons, Esq.,. of. Hartford, Ct., the particular subject of 
this memoir, was born at Lyme, Ct., Nov. 5, 1769. He was the 
third son of Samuel Holden Parsons, an Aid to General Washing- 
ton, a Major-General in the Revolutionary army, and subsequently, 
Chief-Justice of the North Western Territory. Mr. Parsons was 
also grandson of the Rev. Jonathan Parsons, a distinguished cler- 
gyman first of Lyme, Ct., and secondly of Newburyport, Ms. His 
mother, who was a daughter of Richard Mather of Lyme, was lin- 
eally descended from the Rev. Richard Mather, the first clergyman of 
Dorchester, Ms., ancestor of the Rev. Messrs. Increase and Cotton 
Mather of Boston. His grandmother was sister to the Hon. Mat- 
thew Griswold of Lyme, formerly Governor of the State, and was 
lineally descended from Henry Wolcott, 1st, of Windsor, the pro- 
genitor of all who bear that name in Connecticut.^ 

Mr. Parsons was distinguished in youth for mental vigor and 
accurate discrimination, and for his devotedness to the more abstruse 
and severe sciences, particularly the mathematics. This laid the 
foundation of his future eminence as a financier. He did not receive 
a collegiate education, but his academical course pursued at the 
Institutions at Pomfret and Plainfield, was extensive and thorough. 
His favorite studies naturally inclined him to commercial pursuits ; 
and to qualify himself for these, he engaged in the year 17S5 and 
1786, in the service of Messrs. Broome and Piatt, who, at that time, 
owned a great commercial house in New Haven, where he acquired 
a complete mercantile education. His proficiency and accuracy as 

* A more extended genealogical account of the Parsons Family may be expected in some 
future No. of the Register. 



160 Memoir of [April, 

an accountant soon brought him into notice, and in the year 1787 he 
was employed by the late Gov. Oliver Wolcott, Jun., who was at 
that time State Auditor of accounts, to arrange and prepare for 
adjustment the Revolutionary claims of Connecticut upon the United 
States. This was an arduous task for a young man, requiring great 
methodical accuracy and precision, and it was performed with abil- 
ity and acceptance. 

But Mr. Parsons was not confined to his favorite pursuits ; he had 
a thirst for knowledge generally, and improved every opportunity 
for research in the various departments of science and the arts with 
a proportionate zeal and accuracy. Evidences of this are furnished 
in a Journal^ which he, at the age of only nineteen, kept while on 
a tour to the North Western Territory during the spring and sum- 
mer of 1788, in company with his father, who was about that time 
appointed by President Washington Chief-Judge in and over the 
Territory, which included the States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and 
Michigan. The geology of the country, the customs, manners, and 
language of the native sons of the forest, are described and com- 
mented upon with a minuteness and vivacity interesting alike to the 
geologist, the antiquary, and the philosopher. 

He was, we believe, one of the original investigators of the 
tumuli at Marietta, the first and at that time the only settlement of 
importance in that region of country. A description of one of 
these remarkable mounds, excavated and explored by him, he com- 

* In his Journal, Mr. Parsons gives the following statistics of the Aborigines, at that time 
inhabiting, the Territory, which may not be uninteresting lo compare with their present con- 
dition. We present the extract entire : 

" The Ddawares live at Sandusky, in a N. W. course and about ISO miles from ihis place, (Marietta.)- 
Their number is 400. 

" The Wyanduts, living partly in the same region and partly at Detroit, 300 miles from Marietta, are 
about 'JiiO in number. 

" The Munsees live on the Alleghany river, about 310 miles N. E. from M. and number 100. 

" The Miami tribe live at Miami town, W. S. W. 250 miles, and are ubout 100 in number. 

'' The Shawanoes livt on the Miami river, S. W. 250 miles, and number 150. 

"The Ckerokees, or Chickewagas, live on Paint Creek, S. S. W. 250 miles, and are about 100 in 
number. 

" The Wiahtanoes live on thfl Wabash river, W. S. W. 500 miles, and number GOO. 

" The Kickapots live also upon the Wabash, S. S. W. 500 miles, and number 1101). 

11 The Piankishaws live upon ihe same river, S. and S. W. 000 miles — number 400. 

" The Kaskuskias live on the Mississippi, S. S. W. 800 miles. Their number is 150, 

" The Peorees live upon the Illinois river, W. S. W. 900 miles. Number 150. 

" The Meadow Indians live also upon the Illinois, about 000 miles W. by S. Number 500. 

" The Iotvas live upon the Illinois, S. W. 000 miles, numbering 300. 

•' The Foxes live on the !S. side of Lake Superior, W. N. W. 900 miles — number 1000. 

" The Chippewas live W. of Lake Michigan, W. N. W. S00 miles from M. Number 4000. 

" The Putowutomies live E. of Lake Michigan, W. N. W. about 450 miles. Number 4000. 

"The Ottau'as live N. E. of Lake Michigan, N. W. 400 miles. Number 1000. 

" The Sieuz live N. W. of Lake Superior. N. W. from Marietta 950 miles. Number 6000." 

In his Journal we have also a specimen of the fertility of the soil, and the rapidity of the 
vegetation of the Territory, in the following extracts : 

"June 7. Rode out with my father io his three-acre lot, which was sowed with rye in December 
last. About twenty days ago, it was four inches high. Ten days since, when we visited it, it was 
three and a hall feet high ; and to-day we found it seven and a half feet in height. 

" June 13. Measured a spear of flax growing on my city lot, and find that in six days it has grown 
seven inches. Mr Converse informs me that about three weeks ago, he planted corn, which is at the 
present time four feet high." 

On subsequent pages of the Journal, Mr. P. has extended remarks on the philosophy of 
vesotation. 

We nave further space only for the following curious extract: 

" June 15. Last night the dogs made a most hideous clamor, and seemed to be exceedingly excited. 
Mr. , who lives about forty rods N. of the Stockade, was about getting up to see what dis- 
turbed them, but did not ; and in the morning, on opening the outer door to let in his dog, he found in 
his mouth o purse JilUd with, Brooches and Rings." 



1847.] Enoch Parsons, Esq. 161 

municatcd in 1730 to President Stiles of Yale College, and is pre- 
served among his manuscripts in the College Library. 

May 14, 1789, Mr. Parsons was appointed by Gov. Arthur St. 
Clair, Register and Clerk of the iirst Probate Record Office, estab- 
lished in the county of Washington, which was the first county 
erected north-west of the river Ohio. lie there remained, faith- 
fully discharging the duties of this appointment, until April, 1790, 
when he resigned and returned to Middletown, Ct., his family resi- 
dence, and was appointed by the General Assembly of the State at 
their ensuing session, in May, High Sheriff of Middlesex County. 
This office he accepted, being then only twenty-one years of age:" 
and he continued to perform its duties with fidelity and public 
acceptance, till he attained the age of 49, a period of twenty-eight 
years; when he was compelled by ill health and various imperative 
avocations, to relinquish its fatigues and solicitude. 

During the period of his official duties as Sheriff, Mr. Parsons 
was also actively engaged in various other public avocations, and 
in mercantile business. He was called to preside over different 
local institutions and organizations in the place where lie resided; 
acted a while as Secretary to an Insurance Company, and was re- 
peatedly elected an Alderman of the city of Middletown, and Rep- 
resentative in the General Assembly of the State, He was also 
presented by his Congressional friends as a rival candidate of the 
late President Harrison in the year 1791 for the office of Secretary 
and ex- officio Lieut. Governor of the N. W. Territory, but he de- 
clined the nomination. He likewise declined the honor, though 
repeatedly solicited, to represent his fellow-citizens in the councils 
of the nation. His own private affairs too much required his atten- 
tion to permit him to engage in this high trust. 

In the year 1810, when the late Bank of the United States was in- 
corporated, Mr. Parsons, believing that the establishment of a 
Branch in Connecticut, (by many deemed impracticable,) would 
materially promote the commercial interests of its citizens, visited 
Philadelphia in company with other" gentlemen, with a view to 
this object. By the most persevering efforts, and through his 
active and efficient influence and exertion, a Branch was located 
in Connecticut at Middletown. He was chosen a Director of the 
institution immediately upon its organization, and continued in 
the direction during the existence of the Charter. 

In 1818 he was elected President of the Connecticut Branch, on 
the resignation of the Hon. Samuel W. Dana, then a Senator in 
Congress; and was annually elected, until it was transferred from 
Middletown to Hartford, in the spring of 1824. Having removed 
thither himself about the same time, he was re-elected, and contin- 
ued to preside over the institution with acknowledged impartiality, 
ability, and firmness, and the most unflinching integrity, during the 
operations of the Branch in Connecticut, and until the expiration 
of the Charter. 

Though educated a merchant and eminent as a financier, Mr. 



162 Memoir of Enoch Parsons, Esq. [April, 

Parsons was also a sound lawyer] not by profession or practice, 
but by the acquisition of the requisite legal knowledge. The office 
of Sheriff, when he was called to fill it, was one of honor as well 
as profit. Its incumbent was the companion of the Judges. He 
attended at their "chambers" as well as in the "court-room." He 
listened to, and participated in, their deliberations and discussions. 
Thus Mr. Parsons breathed a legal atmosphere. Peing by his official 
duties, through a period of twenty-eight years, in familiar inter- 
course with the Bench and the Bar, and having read the best 
elementary writers, endowed, as he was, with a remarkably re- 
tentive memory and a logical and inquisitive mind, it is not sur- 
prising that he retained to the close of life the principles and 
maxims of jurisprudence thus deeply implanted. Though not a 
member of the Bar, his opinions on elementary points were seldom 
questioned. 

Mr. Parsons wrote some, but reflected more. His published 
writings are few and chiefly political. His unpublished manu- 
scripts arc numerous and mostly in an epistolary form, relating 
principally to the subject of finance. 

In all the relations of domestic and social life, Mr. Parsons was 
beloved and respected. He was twice married, and left three chil- 
dren by the- first marriage, and one by the second ; two only of 
whom survive him ; namely, one residing in Hartford, Ct., Samuel 
H. Parsons, Esq., and one in the Slate of Ohio. In these rela- 
tions, he was ever the generous and affectionate husband, and the 
kind and faithful parent. His habits and feelings were social and 
communicative; and in his intercourse with his fellow-men, dignity 
was seen blended with the. utmost courtesy and kindness. He was 
a true gentleman of the olden school, and every son of New Eng- 
land will understand what this means. 

His personal appearance was dignified and commanding. His 
stature large and well-proportioned ; high forehead and bald, with 
dark blue eye, and a countenance indicative of his mental charac- 
teristics of thought, deliberation and energy, blended with mildness. 

Mr. Parsons was a firm believer in the Christian religion. He 
adopted the principles of the gospel as the standard of human ac- 
tion ; and frequently remarked, that through life he had made it an 
invariable rule never to close his eyes in sleep without first com- 
muning with his God. 

About a year previous to the close of his interesting life, his sys- 
tem became generally debilitated, and during the last three or four 
months he was unable to leave the house. He expressed himself 
perfectly resigned to the will of Heaven, and gradually sunk into a 
lethargy, which continued until the morning of July 9, IS 10, when 
he slept in death, in the 77th year of his age. 



1817.] The Philosophy of Life. 163" 



THE PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE. 

My Muse has oft slumbered in life's busy day, 
And seldom I've sought her, as having no leisure J 

At the moment, however, while time glides away 
In the quiet of age, let me yield to the pleasure. 

And oh ! in the scenes on my fancy that burst, 

And on which with delight or with sadness I linger, 

Say, what shall arrest my attention the first ! 

Where, where shall I place me — where point the fixed linger ? 

Shall I dwell upon childhood, or press on to youth, 
Or look only on manhood, or Death's lessons ponder? 

Shall I mourn, or rejoice, or administer truth. 

Or most at man's folly or GOD'S mercy wonder ? 

I gazo on the palace, contemplate the cot, 

Mark the tower, see the ocean, view landscapes wide-spreading 
Ami I feel, while I think on man's changeable lot. 

Compassion its influence o'er my heart shedding: 

And I cry, ' ye trillers, ye mnrmurers, say, 

1 Could your wishes be realized, what were the blessing 

' Most anxiously sought, to make happy your day 

' Of existence, and crown you with bliss worth possessing .' ' 

c I'd have power,' says the statesman ; ' broad empire,' the king ; 

1 More lands,' shouts the rich ; and ' no labor,' the peasant ; 
And so through the catalogue ! Hope seeks to bring 

Enjoyment from change, and depreciates the present : 

While yet, would we weigh our condition with care, 
And be just to that Wisdom our follies which chastens, 

We should see many blessings that fall to our share, 

Though the crown of our wishes its advent ne'er hastens. 

GOD denies in His love, and withholds what we seek, 
In tender compassion, well knowing our blindness. 

Let us yield, be submissive, and patient, and meek, 
Adoring His mercy, and trusting I lis kindness. 

This, this is our wisdom. Alone it deserves 

The name of philosophy ; nor can the science 
Man proudly may boast, while as yet he but serves 

His passions, allord for his woes an appliance. 

This life is a trial. Our world cannot till 

The void of the heart, which too surely is boundless. 

GOD will discipline, rectify, govern man's will, 
And eternity show our complaining is groundless : 

There, we may, when we know what we see here in part, 

Life's philosophy prize, as we find it resulting 
In bliss springing forth from a purified heart, 

Without ceasing, in love, joy, and wonder exulting. 

Why should we not, then, as life hurries away, 
Submit us to GOD, and fall in with the measures 

His Wisdom employs, from His paths lest we stray, 
And fail to inherit His blood-purchased treasures'? 

January 30, 1817. Basil. 






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R E 3M A It K S . 

The following details arc published not as being complete, but with 
the hope that the publication o( them may be as a magnet attracting 
to itself, and thus supplying the wanting links which' might otherwise 
perish from the chain of a family history. Any information, however 
slight, respecting any of the lines, whether direct or collateral, hereby 
brought 10 light, will be welcomed by the author of this article, or the 
editor of this journal. 

We are still in the dark as to the family history of not a few among 
the first fathers of New England. Much oi' this darkness might be 
dispelled were all the written memorials still extant sought out, com- 
pared, and committed to the keeping of the art preservative of all arts. 
Win.throp in his Journal speaks of a letter from the Yarmouth pilgrims 
to their brethren, with their names, as printed at London in 1G30. The 
instructions to Endecott, the fust Governor of Massachusetts Bay, were 
" Keep a daily register in each family of what is done by all and every 
person in the family." 

In Young's Chronicles of Plymouth, (p. 3G,) and of Massachusetts 
Bay, (p. 157), lists of names of emigrants are referred to, but the lists 
themselves are not given. 

Notwithstanding several good works upon the Huguenots have re- 
cently appeared, much genealogical labor remains to be performed in 
tracing the lineage of particular families to France, and investigating 
their condition there before their emigration. I have often sought, 
though without success, for the records of the Old French Church in 
Boston, which stood on the site of the Universalist Church in School 
street. 

N T E S . 

1. Neither the family name of Stephen Butler's wife nor any other 
particulars respecting him have been ascertained, except the record of 
the births of his children, which is extracted from the city registers of 
Boston, formerly kept in the Old State House. As he became a father 
in Boston within little more than twenty years after its iirst settlement, 
it may be presumed that he was an emigrant from Europe. 

2. Benjamin Butler. The different dates in this and similar cases 
denote the births of different children bearing the same name; the for- 
mer in all probability died before the birth of the latter. 

3. James Butler probably died before 1692, if the Grace Butler, mar- 
ried to Andrew Rankin, April loth, of that year, by Simon Bradstreet, 
was his widow. 

4. Information as to the kindred of Abigail Euslice may doubtless be 
found in the public records of Boston. 

5. James Butler was a proprietor in a rope-walk at "West Boston; 
was married April 6, 1710, by He v. E. Pemberton of the Old South. 
He was probably admitted to* the First Church Jan. 2-1, 1703-4. A 
folio Bible with Clarke's annotations, now in my possession, as an heir- 
loom from my father and grandfather, boars the name of this James 
Butler, my grandfather's grandfather, and the date 1713, doubtless 
written by his own hand. 

G. Grace Butler was married Dec. 2G, 1700, to Thomas Jackson, by 
Benjamin Wadsworth, minister of the first church. She had several 
children, Grace, Thomas, and Elisabeth, and died March \< r >, L751>. 



1817.] The Butler Family. 169 

7. Eliza Butler was admitted to the first church Nov. 2o, 170G, 
and was married to Capt. Ephraim Savage, Jan. 8, 1712. Nothing fur- 
ther is known of her. 

8. James Butler was by trade a goldsmith. About 1750 he removed 
to Halifax, Nova Scotia, but proving unfortunate in his enterprise, soon 
returned to Boston, lie afterwards lived awhile in Sutton, Ms., but 
died ill Boston, in 1770, aged 03. 

9. Although I huvc abstained from full details of collateral lines, I 
am constrained to give them respecting Elisabeth Davie, since her 
line of ancestry is so long. 

John Davie of Exeter, Eng. =j= Julian Strode. 

John. Mary, == Humphrey, a Lon- 

I don merchant. 



John, removed from — Elisabeth Richards. Ann, d. Sept. 
London and settled in 12, 1GG2. 

Groton. Ms.. 1GG2. 



(a) John, graduated at Har- (b) Humphrey of Mary. William. Elisabeth. Sarah 
vard, 10SI, became bar- Dorchester, = (c) Hannah Gedney. 

onet in 1713. presented 
books to Yale College. 



Elisabeth, d. Feb. ^ (S) James Butler. 
15, 1731). 

(a) The lineage of this nobleman, his heraldic embla/.onings and the like, 
may he found in Burke's Peerage of England : " vix ea nostra voce." 

(b) Humphrey Davie was a captain in the London traJe. Hence his daugh- 
ter had many lino dresses. One of these now belongs to her granddaughter, 
Mrs. Sarah Kingsbury of Oxford, Ms. 

It is of brocade, with many-colored figures embroidered upon a ground of 
green. It has two skirts, each of seven breadths, a long bodice to be worn 
with a satin .stomacher, sleeves short at the elbows, with flowing rullles. A sil- 
ver tabby christening, or to use a better expression, baptismul, blanket, now in 
my possession, is said to have been made of another of my great-grandmother's 
dresses. There is a family tradition that these dresses were pawned by her 
husband after her death, and redeemed by her son. 

(c) Hannah Gedney's lineage so far as I can trace it is as follows ; 

John Gedney,b. 1G03; d. Aug. .7, 1GSS; = Mary 



admitted to church in Salem, Nov. 19, 1637. =~= Catherine 



I I I I I 

Sarah. Eli. Bartholomew, Eleazer. John, lost at sea, — 

baptized, June 
1 4,1 U 10, Free- 
man, 1669 ; d. 
March 1,16'OS. 



William, b. 1663; m; 1G90; d. 1730. -- Hannah Gardner. 

Hannah, - (b) Humphrey Davie. 
11 



170 Genealogies. [April, 

10. James Butler was brought up to the trade of a hatter; was 
married May 10, 1703, by Rev. Andrew Eliot of New North Church; 
in Aug., 177-1, iled with his wife and six children under ten years of 
age, to Georgetown, Me., a lour days' voyage, lie was driven to 
this flight by the Boston port-bill, which brought all business to a 
stand. After remaining four years in Maine, he returned to Boston, 
and soon removed to Oxford, Ms.; where he resided till his death, 
Dec. 20, 1827, aged 68. 

11. Mary Sigourncy was great-granddaughter of a Sigourney, who, 
being a Huguenot, fled from Rochelle in France, with his wife and 
four small children, in 108 J. This first emigrant was among the first 
settlers in Oxford, Ms., and some of his children married there. 
Through fear of Indians, he removed to Boston. I have made out an 
extensive table of his posterity, but on account of its length, must 
refrain from inserting it here, except so far as relates to my own 
family. Among the descendants of this Huguenot exile, are the 
Brimmers, the Inches, and the Dexters, of Boston ; the Commander 
of the Schooner Asp, killed by the British in the Potomac, in 1813; and 
the husband of our most popular poetess. 



Sigourney, => 



Andrew, in. ab. == Germaine 
1701, at Oxford. 



I 
Anthony, b. Boston, Aug. 17, 1713, == (*}Mary Waters. 



(11) Mary, b. March 23, 1711 ; in., May 18, 1763; — (10) James Butler, 
was early taught French by her grand- 
mother, as the tongue of her ancestors; 
consulted by Dr. Holmes as to Huguenot 
annals; had the covenant propounded to 
her at the New North church, Feb. 22, 1701. 

12. James Davie Butler was born in Boston, Oct. 5, 17G5. In 1780, 
left a school he was teaching in Oxford, to be a volunteer against 
Shays. Emigrated to Rutland, Vt., in Aug., 1737; was at first a hat- 
ter; in 1702, became a merchant, and continued in trade fifty years, 
till his death, June 3, 1842. 

He was married, Aug. 22, 1802, to the widow Rachel Maynard, and 
March 15, 1827, to Lois Karris. lie represented the town of Rutland 
in the Vermont Legislature, for the years 1812 and 1613. In the year 
IBM, he was a member of the State Council. 

His first wife was daughter of Capt. Israel Harris of William stown, 
Ms., who went with Ethan Allen's Green Mountain Boys to take 
Ticonderoga, and was an officer in the battle of Bennington. 

13. This infant of days may be noticeable as being the seventh of 
those who, in one unbroken line during one hundred and eighty-one 
years, have born the name of James. 

(*) Mary Waters was of Welsh extraction. She owned a copy of Fla vol in two vol- 
umes folio, (London, 1710.) which is now in my hands. ( >ne oC her' brocade dresses is still 
preserved by Miss Mary Butler of Rutland, Vt. 



1847.] The Minot Family. 171 



THE MINOT FA MIL Y. 

BY LEMUEL S1IATTUC.K, USIJ. 

Explanation of the Plan in preparing the Memoir. 

In the following Memoir the numbers inserted in the parentheses on the left, 
are the numbers of the paragraph^ eaeh ; Ljenerally, containing a notice of one 
entire family. The Rbrrian numbers immediately : l f i e r indicate the generation 
of the family, including the first person named. The descendants are doubly 
numbered — first in consecutive order, and secondly by each family separately, 
The figures in brackets after the name refer bark to these numbers of the de- 
scendants, indicating the family and connections to which the individual 
belongs. The numbers inserted in the parentheses on the right, against the 
name of a child, show the subsequent paragraph where a notice of the family 
of such child may be found. 

It is impossible to present a memoir of this kind, which shall be entirely free 
from error, perfect and complete. In existing families, births, marriages, and 
deaths, are constantly occurring, and in more ancient ones new facts are often 
discovered. Such lacts it is desirable to have entered ; and such a plan as 
would allow their insertion without re-writing the memoir will be preferred. By 
leaving some space in the original entries, the plan admits of correction, ampli- 
fication, and extension, without marring its simplicity and beauty. 



MEMOIR. 

(1) All by the name of Minot in America are supposed to have 
descended from George Minot, whose posterity forms the subject of 
this Meinpir. There was a Thomas Minot, probably a brother, who 
was a proprietor of Barbadoes in 1033, but I can neither trace his his- 
tory, nor ascertain that he left posterity. None of the name could be 
found in the New York or Philadelphia Directories for 1S4G. The fam- 
ily are ' all descended from Thomas Minot, Esq., Secretary to the 
Abbot of Walden, England, by whom he was advanced to great pos- 
sessions. 

FIRST GENERATION. 

(2) I. Elder George Minot was the son of Thomas Minot, Escp, 
of Saffron- Walden, Essex, England, and was b. Aug. 4, 1501. lie was 
among the first Pilgrim emigrants to Massachusetts, and the first set- 
tlers of Dorchester. His place of residence was near Neponset 
Bridge, and he owned the land which lias been known as " Squantum." 
lie was made a freeman in 1G31, and represented the town in 1G35 
and 1G36. lie was a ruling elder in the church thirty years, and d. 
Dec. 21, IG71, in the 7>^th year of his age. He left a will, which is 
recorded in the Suffolk Records, Vol. VII. p. ISO. The inventory of his 
estntc amounted to L'277. 7. 7. "His death,'' say the records, "was 
much lamented by the town, whose weal he sought and liberties de- 
fended." lie w r as a cotemporary with Elder Humphrey; and it is said 
the following lines were once to be found on a gravestone in the 
ancient buryiiig-ground in Dorchester: — 

Here lie the bodies of Unite Humphrey ami Shining Minot 
Such names as these, they never die not. 



172 Genealogies. [April, 

Mr. Minot's wife, Martha, d. in Dorchester, Dec. 23, 1657, a. GO. He 
left the following children ; 

'J— 1 John, 1). April 2. 1G2G, m. Lydia Butler, May 19, 1047. (3) 

3—2 James, b. Pec. 31, 10jS, ni. Hannah Stoughton, Dec. 9, 1653. (4) 

4—3 Stephen, b. May 2, 1031, m. Trucrosse Davenport, Nov. 10, IG54. (5) 

5 — 1 Samuel, b. Dec. lb, loJ5, m. Hannah Howard, June 23, 107U. (C) 

SECOND GENERATION. 

(3) IT. Capt. John Minot [2 — 1] was m. by Governor Dudley to 
Lydia Butler of Dorchester, May 10, 1647. She d. Jan. 21, 1GG7, at 
the birth of her sixth child. He m. a second time Mary Biggs of Bos- 
ton, widow of John Biggs who d. in 1666, and the daughter of John 
Dasset. lie d. in Dorchester, Aug. 12, 1669, a. 43. She d. about 1G77. 
They both left wills. His is recorded in Suffolk Records, Vol. VI. p. 
30, and hers, Vol. VI. p. 2G2. His estate was prized at X07S. 5. An 
anecdote in relation to John Minot is found in Dwight's Travels, Vol. 
III. p. 125, and in Hutchinson's Hist. Mass. Vol. I. p. 268. He left the 
following children ; 

f>— 1 John, b. Jan. 22, 1047, m. Elisabeth Brick, March 11, 1070. (7) 
7— 2 James, b. Sept. 14, 1053, m. Rebecca "Wheeler. (8) — 

S— 3 Martha,!). Sept. 22, 1057, d. single, Nov. 23, 1078, a. 21. She was engaged to 
he married, but d. unmarried, leaving a will, in which she directed that at her 
funeral her betrothed husband, "John Morgan Jr. be all over mourning, and 
follow next after me." 
0—4 Stephen, b. Aug. K), 1G02, m. Mary Clark, Dec. 1, 10SG. (0) 
10 — 5 Samuel, b. July 3, 1G05, m. Hannah Jones of Concord. (10) 
11 — 6 An infant, d. in infancy. 

(1) II. James Minot [3—2] d. in Dorchester, March 30, 1G7G, a. 48. 
He left no will. His estate was prized at £555. IS. G. He m. 1st, 
Dec. 0, 1653, Hannah Stoughton, dau. of Col. Israel Stoughton, and sis- 
ter of the Hon. Wrii. Stoughton, Lieut. Gov. of Massachusetts. She 
was b. April, 1G37, admitted to the church, 1GG2, and d. March 12, 1G70, 
a. 33. He m. 2nd, Hephzibah Corlet, sister of Amis Corlet, May 21, 
1G73, in Cambridge. After Mr. Minot's death, she m. Daniel Champ- 
ney, June 4, 1G84. Mr. Minot had the following children ; 

12— 1 Israel, b. Oct. 18, 1054, d. unmarried. 
13—2 Oeor^e, b. Nov. 14,1655. 

14—3 Hannah, b. , 1057, d. Feb. 10, 1059. 

15 — 1 James, b. April 2, 105'J, m. Rebecca Jones, Feb. 9, 1CS0. (11) 

10—5 William, b. Sept. IS, 1002. 

17—0 Elisabeth, b. Dec. 27, 1G03, m. John Danforth, Nov. 21,10^2. 

18 — 7 Mehetabel,b. Sept. 17, 100S, m. 1. Thomas Cooper, 2. Solomon Stoddard, Esq. 

(5) II. Stephen Minot [4—3] d. in Dorchester, Feb. 16, 1071, a. 40, 
intestate, leaving an estate of £651. 1. 7. He m. Truccrosse Daven- 
port, Nov. 10, 1654. She d. Aug. 3, 1002, a. 5$. They had 

19—1 Martha, b. Sept. 22, 10,77, d. Oct. 11, 1083. 
20—2 Jonathan, b. Sept. 11, 1058, d. Nov. 29, 165S. 
21—3 Elisabeth, d. Nov. 24, 1003. 

22 — 1 Mehetahel, b. June 4, 1005, m. Edward Mills of Boston. She d. Aug. 10, 1090, 

leaving one son, Stephen Mills. 
23—5 Elisabeth, b. June 10, 1072, after the death of her father. She and Stephen 

Mills inherited Mr. Minot's property. 



1847.] The-Mnot Family. 173 

(0) II. Samuel Minot [5—1] d. in Dorchester, Dec. 1^, 1600. He 
m. Hannah Howard, June 23, 1670. Tliey had two children ; 

24—1 George, b. 1 075. 

'23—2 Samuel, b. Nov. 23, 1089, d. June 1, 1089. 

THIRD GENERATION. 

(7) III. John Minot [G — 1 ] d. Jan. 26, 1000. His will is recorded in 
the Suffolk Records, Vol. VII. p. 01. His estate was prized at C680. 17. 
He m. Elisaheth Brick, March 11, 1070, who d. April 0, 1G90. They 
both d. in Dorchester of the small-pox. Their children were 

2t3—l John, b. Oct. 10, 1073, m. Mary Baker, May 21, 1C9G. (12) 
27_o Israel, b. Aug. 23, 1G7G. 
28—3 Josiah, b. Dec. 27, 1077. 
29—4 Jerusha, b. Jan. 28, 1G79. 
30—5 George, b. Aug. 1G, 1082. 

(8) III. James Minot, Esq., [7— 2] was b. Sept. 14, 3 053, and grad- 
uated at II. C. in 1075. He studied divinity and physic. He kept the 
grammar-school in Dorchester in 107 ( J, but soon after removed to Con- 
cord, where he was employed as a teacher and physician. In 1095, he 
was hired to preach in Stow, "for 1:1 per day, one half cash and one 
half Indian corn ; " and again in 1686 for " what older towns had given 
their ministers — £13 for 13 sabbaths.'' In 1692 he had another appli- 
cation to preach there, which he declined. Relinquishing the profession 
soon after, he was appointed Justice of the Peace in 1092, and a Captain 
of the militia, then offices of much distinction. He represented the 
town several years in General Court, was much employed in various 
public trusts, and distinguished himself for his talents and excellent 
character. He d. Sept. 20, 1735, a. 83. He m. Rebecca, dau. of Capt. 
Timothy Wheeler, the founder of the ministerial fund in Concord, and 
inherited the homestead of his father-in-law, near the residence of 
the Hon. Daniel Shattuck, where he d. She d. Sept. 23, 1731, a. 68. 
The following are the epitaphs on the gravestones erected to their 
memories, now standing in the " Hill Burying- Ground," in Concord. 

Here is interred the remains of 

Jamks Minott, Esq., A. M. an 

Excelling Grammarian, Enriched 

with the Gift of Prayer and Preaching, 

a Commanding Officer, a Physician of 

Great Value, a Great Lover of Peace 

as well as of Justice, and which was 

His greatest Glory, a Gent'n of distinguished 

Virtue and Goodness, happy in a Virtuous 

Posterity, and living Religiously, Died 

Comfortably, Sept. 20, 1735, All. S3. 

Here is interred the body of 

Mrs Rebecca Minott y° virtuous 

Consort of James Minott Esq. 

(and daughter of Capt. Timothy Wheeler) 

* She was a person of 

Serious piety and abounding 
charity, of great usefulness 
in Her Day, and a pattern 

of Patience ami holy 

Submission under a Ion-,' 

Confinement, and resigned Her 

Soul with Joy in her 

Redeemer Sept 23, 1 7 : : i 

ajjed s ). 



1 71 Ge nea fogies. [ A pril, 

The following were children of James .Minot, Esq.; 

31— 1 Rebecca, b. Feb. 0, 1GS5, m. Joseph Barrett, Dec. 27, 1701. (13) 

32— 2 Lydia, b. March 12, 10S7, m. Benjamin Barrett, Jan. 3,1705. (14) 
3:5—:} Mary, b. Nov. 10, 1-0S9, in. Ebenezer Wheeler, Sept. 20, 1700. 

31—4 Timothy, b/June IS, LG92, m. 1. Mary Brooks— 2. Beulah Brown. (15) 

35—5 James, b. Oct. 17, 1001, m. 1. Martha Lane— 2. Elisabeth Merrick. (16) 

30—0 Elisabeth, b. Jan. 29, 1G07, in. Daniel Adams, April 23, 1715. (17) 

37 — 7 Martini, b. April 3, 1G99, m. James Lane, April 30, 1719. She d. Jan. 

IS, 1739, in Bedford, a. 10. 

38— 8 Love, )?, A ., ir 17no m. John Adams, Dec. 13,1722. (IS) 

30—0 Mercy, } £ D ' Apnl lt)j ] ' U ' m. Samuel Dakin, Dec. 13, 1722. (19) 

40-lu Samuel, ' b. March 25, 1700, m. 1. Sarah l'rescott, 2. Dorcas Piescott. (20) 

In the above family, two sisters married two brothers by the name of 
Barrett; two other sisters married brothers by the name of Adams ; a 
brother and a sister married a brother and sister by the name of Lane, 
and two were born the same day and married the same day. 

There are few parents who have so great reason to be "happy in a 
virtuous posterity," as had these. One son was a minister, another 
was a deacon, and eight of the grandchildren were deacons or married to 
deacons; several were clergymen or married to clergymen. Very many 
of the great-grandchildren sustained the same offices, or were otherwise 
distinguished in military, civil, or religious life. A large proportion of 
those who arrived at mature age professed religion ; and the succeeding 
and numerous families were among the most respected, useful, and in- 
fluential in the towns in which they lived. Very many distinguished 
men descended from them; among whom were Rev. Stephen and 
Hon. Timothy Farrar of New Ipswich, N. II., Roger Minot Sherman, 
of Fairtield, Ct., and several eminent physicians by the name of Adams ; 
and Hon. Roger Sherman, and several other distinguished men of New 
Haven married descendants. 

('J) III. Stephen Minot [9 — 4] d. in Sudbury street, Boston. Ho 
left a will, recorded in Suffolk Records, Vol. XXXI. p. 52. He was a 
merchant and member of Brattle Street Church ; married Mary Clark, 
dau. of Capt. Christopher Clark, Dec. 1, 1GSG. They had the following 
children ; 

•11—1 Bebecca, k Aug. 20,1087, d. Aug! 20 of the same year. 

■12— '2 Stephen, b. Oct. 27, 10SS, m. 1. Sarah Wainwright; -J. Mary Brown. (21) 

43—3 John, b. Dec. 27, 1000, d. at Brunswick, Jan. 11, 1701. 

41 — 1 Mehetabel, b. Dec. 0,1092, was engaged to be married to Richard Bills, 
when her father made his will. 

45 — 5 Lydia, b. M iy, 15, 1005, in. Joseph Eaton, May 10, 1720; had one dau. 

40— Rebecca, b. Nov. G, 1097, m. Samuel Miller, Oct. S, 1724. 

47—7 George; b. Jan. 21, 1700, d. Nov. 13, 1702, of the small-pox. 

4S— 8 Peter, b. March, 4,1702, d. Oct. 30, 1702, of the small-pox. 

40 — George, b. Jan. 29, 170-, in. Elisabeth Mooreof North Carolina, by whom 
he had a son who d. in infancy, and a dau. Sarah who m. Nathaniel Taylor, 
Esq., an officer of the customs in Boston. Mr. Minot d. Jan. IS, I7S5. He 
was a merchant, and owned the T wharf in Boston. 

50-10 Christopher, b. gr. at 11. C. 1725, was an officer of the customs in Bos- 

ton until 1770, when he removed to Halifax, where he d. unmarried, May 
12, 17S3, a. 77. 

51-11 Peter, b. m. was drowned at Halifax with his wife. 

52-12 James, b. was a merchant at Jamaica where he d. unmarried. 

(10) III. Samuel Minot [10— 5] m . Hannah Jones of Concord. He 
d. young, and his only sou Jonathan Minot was in ConcoYd, in 1707, 
being then 1-1 years old, when he chose his uncle John Minot of Dor- 
chester his guardian. 



1847.] The Minot Family. 175 

(11) Til. James Minot [15 — 1] lived in Concord, where he m. Re- 
becca Jones, Feb. ( J, 1 GbS. She was the tlau. of John Jones, lie d. 
leaving one son, and she in. for her second husband Capt. Joseph 
Bulkcley, March 9, 1G9G, by whom she had several children. She d. 
July 12, 1712, a. 50. Two of her children, Rebecca and Dorothy, men- 
tioned below, were by Capt. Bulkcley, her second husband, and are 
therefore not numbered with the Miuol Family, not being descendants. 
That there may be no misunderstanding, their surname is inserted. 

01—1 Jonathan, b. m. Elisabeth Stratton, Jan. 20,1714.(22) 

2 Rebecca Bulkcley, b. Dec. 25, 1690, in. Joseph Hubbard, Nov. 10, 171 J. 

3 Dorothy Bulkeley, b. Jan. 7, 1G09, in. Samuel Hunt, Nov. 14, 171G. 

About 1725 Jonathan Minot oC Westford, (then part of Chelmsford,) 
and Joseph Hubbard sold to Thomas Jones of Concord, "the whole of 
the right of their mother, Rebecca Bulkeley, deceased in Acton, allowed 
to the heirs of her father John Jones, and to Dorothy Hunt, deceased, 
the former wife of Samuel Hunt, one of the heirs of Rebecca Bulke- 
ley." Joseph Hubbard was the ancestor of most o[ the name in Con- 
cord. 

F O U 11T 1 i G E N E It AT ION. 

(12) IV. John Minot [20— 1] m. Mary Baker of Dorchester, where 
lie lived as a farmer. She d. Feb. 18, 1717. He m. for his 2nd wife 
Hannah Endccott, Nov. 14, 17 17, and d. soon after. His wife administered 
on the estate, prized at £1221. lie had the following children all by 
his first wife ; 

55—1 Elisabeth, b. June 0, 1099, d. young. 

50— 2 John, b. June 1, 1701. 

57—3 George, b. Sept. 7, 1703, m. Abigail Fenno, Dec. 24, 1724. (23) 

OS — 1 Mary, b. Dec. 10, 1705, d. in infancy. 

59—5 M.iry, b. March 9, 1708. 

GO— G Elisabeth, b. Feb. 23, 1711, m. Thomas Wyer, Jan. 27, 1729. 

(13) IV. Capt. Joseph Barrett, son of Dea. Humphrey Barrett, and a 
grandson of Humphrey Barrett, who came from England to Concord ab. 
1 G 10, b. in Concord, Jan. 31, 1678, m. ]lebecca Minot [31 — 1] Dec. 27, 
1701. He was a farmer and lived where Abel B. Haywood now [1817] 
lives. He d. April -1, 173G, a. 53. She d. June 23, 1733, a. 53. Their 
children were 

Gl— 1 Mary, b. April G, 1706, m. Dea. George Farrar. (24) 

02 — 2 Joseph, b. Jan. 30, 170S, m. and settled in Grafton, where he d. leaving 

two daughters. 

03— 3 Rebecca, b. July 12,1710. 

Gl — l Oliver, b. Jan. 12, 1712, m. Hannah Hunt, Dec. S, 173S. (25) 

G5— 5 Humphrey, b. Oct. 21, 1715, in. Elisabeth Adams, Dec. 9, 1712. (20) 
CO— Elisabeth, b. Jan. 0, 1717, m. Col. Charles Prescatt. (27) 

G7— 7 John, b. Feb. 14, 1720, in. Lois Brooks, Nov. 15, 1711. (28) 

OS— S Samuel, b. July S, 1725, d. Jan. 172$. 

(14) IV. Capt. Benjamin Barrett, brother of the preceding, b. May 
7, 1681, m. Lydia Minot [32-— 2] Jan. 3, I/O 3. He was a farmer, and 
lived in Concord, where James Barrett now (IS 17) lives, and where 
he d. of the pleurisy fever, Oct. 23, 172s, a. 17. His widow m. Samuel 
Stow. Mr. Barrett had the following children; 

09— 1 Benjamin, b. Nov. 15, 1705, m. Rebecca Jones. (22) 
70—2 Thomas, b. Oct. 2, 1707, m. Mary Jones. (30) 

71— ;{ James, b. July 31, 1710, m. Rebecca Hubbard, Dec. 21, 1732. (31) 
72— I Lydia, b. Aug. 2, 1712, m. Dea. Samuel Farrar,, Tan. 31,1732. (32) 
73—5 Rebecca, b. March 29, 1714, m. Eluathan Jones, Jan. 31,1732. She d. 

Feb. 8, 1733, without issue. 



17G Genealogies. [April, 

74 — C Timothy, b. Jan. 13, 1716, m. widow Dinah Witt, lived in Paiton, was a 
deacon, had one dau., Persis, b. Feb. 3, 1 7.">J, who in. Ithamei Bigelow of 
Shrewsbury, Feb. 10, 1709, had 7 children. Mrs. Barrett d. ab. 1754. He 
was afterwards twice m. but had no other children. He d. Jan. 4, 1800, a. 83. 

75—7 Mary, b. Dec. 27, 1717, d. without issue. 

7G— 8 Stephen, b. April 18, 1720, m. Elisabeth Hubbard, then widow Howe of Con- 
cord, and settled in Pax ton. He left 3 sons and 1 daughter; Stephen, Israel, 
Benjamin, and Lydia. The sons removed to Whitestown near L'tica, N. Y., 
all married and had families. The dau. m. Israel Stone of Portland, and 
went to Ohio. She had a huge family. 

(15) IV. Rev. Timothy Minot [34 — 4] gr. II. C. 1713, m. 1. Mary 
Brooks, who d. Feb. 15, 17GU, a. 01, and "her name," says the record 
of her death, "is like precious ointment." IJis 2nd wife was widow 
Beulah Brown of Sudbury, who d. April IS, 17SG, a. 92. He d. Nov. 
30, 1778, a. 8G. A biographical notice of this distinguished man is giv- 
en in Shattuck's History of Concord, p. 21 i. He gr. II. C. 17 IS. His 
children were 

77—1 Timothy, b. April, 8, 1720. m. Mary Martin. (33) 
78—2 Mary, b. Dec. 27, 1730, m. Tilly Merrick, July 30, 1752. (34) 
70 — 3 Stephen, b. Jan. 30, 1732, gr. H. C. 17.51, was about to settle as a minister at 
Portland, but d. Sept. 3, 1759, a. 27. 

(1G) IV. Hon. James Minot [3.5—5] d. in Concord, Feb. G, 17-59, a. 
61. He m. 1. iMartha Lane of Bdlerica, Nov. 14, 17 1G. She d. Jan. 
18, 1735, a. 40. He m. 2. Elisabeth Merrick of Brookfield, in 173G. 
She d. Jan. 26, 1746. lie m. a third wife, but her name is not record- 
ed. The following epitaph is copied from his gravestone in the " Hill 
Burying- Ground," in Concord; and tradition awards to him all the 
praise it pays to his distinguished character. He held a military com- 
mission thirty years. 

Here lye the remains of Col. James Minott 

Esq r - who departed this life Feb. 6, 1709 

in the 65th year of his age. He was of 

Hon 1 . Descent, early improved & advanced 

in Civil and Military Affairs. Divers years 

Represented this Town at the General Court 

was a Justice of the Peace, and one of the Hon. 

His Majesties Council for many years, which 

Ollices he Sustained until his death. 

In all which Stations and relations of life he 

behaved as the Christian, the Patriot, and the 

benevolent friend, and as he merrited so he 

was much loved and honored in his life 

and Lamented at his death. 

Memento mori. 

' From death's arrest no age is free.' 

The following were the children of lion. James Minot, the first three 
by his first, and the last two by his second wife ; 

SO— 1 John, b. Aug. 31, 1717, m. Sarah Stow, Jan. 2G, 1744. (35) 

81— 2 Rebecca, b. May 15, 1720, m. Benjamin Trescott, Aug. 12, 1741. (36) 

82— 3 James, b. Jan. 20, 172G, m. (37) 

S3— 4 Martha, b. Feb. 1, 1738, m. Rev. Josiah Sherman, Jan. 24, 1757. (38) 

84—5 Ephraim, b. June 17, 17 42, m. Abigail Prescott, Sept. 25, 1704. (39) 

(17) IV. Capt. Daniel Adams lived in tho south part of Lincoln, 
then within the limits of Concord, on the road from Waltham to Stow, 
where he d. Feb. ( J, 17b0, a. 90. He was the son of Joseph, and 
grandson of John Adams, one of the eight sons of Henry of Quincy. 
lie m. Elisabeth Minot, [36— G] April 23, 1715. She d. Nov. 12, 1764, 
a. G7. They had the following children ; 



1847.] The Minot Family. 177 

S5 — 1 Daniel, b. Oct. 15, 1720, m. Keziah Brooks and two others. ( 10) 

80— 3 Elisabeth, b. Oct. 1, 1722, m. Humphrey Barrett, Die. !», 171?. (2C) 

87 — :i Joseph, b. Oct. 0, 1724, m. Mary Eveleth of Stow, 1746. (11) 

89 — t Rebecca, b. Sept. 2, 1727, m. Nathan Brown, March 10, 1747. (42) 
S'J— 5 James, b. March 19, 1732, m. 1. Keziah Conant— 2. Delia Adams. (43) 
00— -6 Lydia, b. Sept. 1, 1735, m. Abel Miles, Feb. 26,1756. (44) 

01 — 7 Martha, b. April 13, 1738, m. Joseph Wellington, April 1,1760. 
02— S Mary, b. May 18, 1730, m. 1. Beter Hubbard— 2. Capt. Timothy Wheeler, 

who had Martha, m. Joel Dix, who died in Boston in 1837, Joseph, and 
perhaps others. He was captain of the militia in Concord on April 10, 
1770. See Hist, of Concord, p. 107. 

These individuals had 09 children, averaging eight and five eighths 
each. 

(18) IV. John Adams, a brother of the above, lived near the centre 
of Lincoln, where lie d. Oct. 25, l72o, a. 28. He was buried in " llurd 
Burying-Ground" in Concord, lie married Love Minot, [36 — 6] sister 
to his brother's wife. They had two children. 

93—1 John, b. Nov. 11, 1723, m. Lucy Hubbard, Dec. 12, 1719. (45) 
91 — 2 Lucy, b. Jan. 23, 1725, m. Rev. Wm. Lawrence of Lincoln. (46) 

(10) IV. Capt. Samuel Dakin wash, in Concord and lived in Sudbury. 
He went as commander of a military company, commissioned by Gov- 
ernor Pownall, and was slain in a battle with the French and Indians 
at Half Way Brook, near Lake George, July 20, 1753. He m. Mercy 
Minot, [39 — 9J Dec. 13, 1732. Their children were 

95—1 Oliver, b. March 30, 1727. 

90— 2 Mercy, b, Sept. 12, 1722, d. young. 

97—3 Samuel, b. May 17, 1731. 

98 — 1 Amos, b. Jan. 29,1732. 

99— 5 Mercy, b. April 24,1733. 

100— G Elisabeth, b. Aug. 9, 1731. 

101—7 Beulah, b. March 22, 1735, m. Thomas Baker, Jan. 15, 1755. 

102— 8 Timothy, b. June 7,1737. 

103—9 Hannah, b. Aug. 28, 1739. 

101-10 Mary, b. Aug. 17-11. 

105-11 Samuel, ) ? b. June 21, 1711, m. 1. Ann Wheeler, 2. Mehetabel . 

100-12 j jf 

(20) IV. Dea. Samuel Minot [10— 10] was a deacon in the Con- 
cord church, where he d. March 17, 17GG. He m. 1. Sarah Prescott 
of Westford, March 7, 1732, who d. in childbirth, March 22, 1737, a. 
21, having had three children. He m. 2. Dorcas Prescott, sister of his 
first wife, in 173S. She d. June 1G, 1S03, a. 01. They had the following 
children ; 

107—1 Samuel, b. Dec. 23, 1732, m. Elisabeth Davis, lived in Boston, had 

several children, all of whom d. young except Joanna. 
10S— 2 Jonas, b. April 25, 1735, m. Mary Hall of Westford. (-17) 

109—3 Sarah Thankful, b. March -1, 1737, m. Dea. Ama Dakin of Mason, N. H. 
110—4 Dorcas Prescott, b. March 21, 1739, m. Thomas Barrett, Jr., Jan. 15, 1761. 
Ill — 5 George, b. Oct. 23, 1741, m. three wives by the name of Barrett. (-18) 

112— G Rebecca, b. Jan. 11, 17 11, m. Charles Barrett of New Ipswich, 1799. 

113—7 Daniel, b. Aug. 29, 17 IS, d. Dec. 20, 1753, a. 5. 

111—8 Mary, b. Oct. 5, 1755, rn. Elnathan Jones. 

(21) IV. Stephen Minot [12— 2] lived in Boston. He m. for his 
first wife Sarah, eldest daughter of Col. Francis Wainwright. They 
lived together ten months, when she d., Oct. 21, 1711, in childbirth, 
leaving one child, Stephen, lie m. for his second wife, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Capt. John Brown of Marblehead, Jan. 1, 1713. They had the 
following children; 



173 Biographical Notices of [April. 

11S-] Stephen, b. Sept. 21, 1711, m. Sarah Clark, June 10,1730. (40) 

\\u — 2 John, b. 1712, d. in inlhncy. 

117— 3 John, b. 1714, d. in infancy. 

118—4 John, b. 171C. 

119—5 Mary, b. May 28,1718. 

120—0 William, b. 1720. 

121—7 Elisabeth, b. June, 1722. 

122 — S Mehetabeli'b. 1724, m. "Walter Logan, Esq., an officer of the Cus- 

toms of Boston. He d. in Glasgow in Scotland, Nov. 10, 17S8. 

123—0 Jane, b. Sept. 11, 1720, m. Capt. Nathaniel Williams of Iloxbury. He 

(1. 1771. They had one child, who d. in infancy. She m. again Elisha 
Brewster, merchant of Middleton, Ct., in 1776. 

121-10 George, b. 1728, d. in infancy. 

125-11 George, b. 1730, gr. H. C. in 1752. 

120-12 Sarah, b. 1732. 

(22) IV. Jonathan Minot [51 — 1] lived in Westford, where he d. 
He rii. Elisabeth Stratton of Concord, Jan. 20, 1711, by whom he had 
children. 

127—1 Samuel, b. Sept. 10, 1714, m. Elisabeth . 

12S— 2 Elisabeth, b. Jan. 30, 1717. 

129—3 Rebecca, b. April 2, 1719. 

130—1 Jonathan, b. Jan. 19, 1723, m. Esther Proctor of Chelmsford. (50) 

131—5 Anna, b. Sept. 13, 1725. 

132—0 John, b. Dec. 10, 1730. 

(To be continued.) 



BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES OF DECEASED PHYSICIANS 
IN MASSACHUSETTS. 

BY EBENEZER A L D E N , M . D . 

(Continued from page 04.) 
IV.— DR. HENRY WELLS OF MONTAGUE. 

Few physicians have enjoyed a more enviable reputation than 
the subject of this Notice, lie was the personal friend of Professor 
Nathan Smith of Dartmouth College, who was accustomed to 
speak of him in terms of the highest respect, and not unfrequently 
to allude, in his lectures, to his medical opinions and modes of 
practice. 

Although Dr. Wells was in the habit of keeping a record of his 
more important cases, and of his views on medical subjects, he 
published but little, and his papers having become by an unfortunate 
accident a prey to the devouring element, materials are wanting 
from which to prepare a notice adapted to do full justice to his 
merits. 

Soon after his death, Rev. Samuel Willard, D. D., of Deerfield, 
published in the Franklin Herald a brief but very just obituary 
notice of him; and more recently Dr. Williams has prepared a 
memoir, which has been transferred to his Medical Biography, 
from his address before the Massachusetts Medical Society. 

From these sources principally, the following facts have been 
obtained. 



1347.] Deceased Physicians in Massachusetts. 179 

Dr. Wells was born in New York, in 1712; studied medicine 
partly under the direction of Dr. Hull at Lebanon, (.•!., and com- 
pleted his medical studies in New York, having made himself well 
acquainted with medical science. 

At 'he age of twenty-one, lie commenced the practice of his 
profession in New York, and according to the custom of that day, 
had under his charge an apothecary's shop. After a short resi- 
dence there, he removed to Brattleborough, Vt., where he continued 
eighteen years, and acquired an extensive practice and high repu- 
tation. 

In the year 17S2 he removed to Montague, with a view of ob- 
taining a more central situation as to his business, and, perhaps, to 
diminish somewhat his labors in advancing life. 

In 17So he was elected a Fellow of the Massachusetts Medical 
Society; and Dr. Williams stales, that in 1806 he received the 
honorary degree of M. 1). from Dartmouth College, which may be 
a mistake, as his name does not appear in the Triennial Catalogue. 

In his profession, Dr. Wells attained the most distinguished rank. 
His natural powers were good; his medical reading extensive 
and judicious; his application methodical and patient. His emi- 
nent skill, however, in the management of disease, was derived 
chiefly from his own observation and experience. Possessing a 
clear and discriminating mind and an accurate judgment, his prac- 
tical deductions were remarkably just. In difficult cases, his ad- 
vice was much sought and highly appreciated. Punctual in his 
professional engagements, courteous in his manners, modest and 
unassuming in his intercourse With his medical brethren, he was 
highly respected by the profession and the public. 

As a man, he was much beloved. He professed a firm belief 
in the gospel, and was much attached to the moral and religious 
institutions of his country. He was a pattern of temperance ; his 
general influence was salutary ; and his example such as might be 
safely imitated. 

He was a kind husband and father. He was not exempt from 
domestic affliction, three of his children being deaf mutes. 

In the latter years of his life, he suffered much from disease, 
which he bore with exemplary resignation, and, having passed the 
allotted period of human life, died August 24, 1814, at the age of 
72; leaving behind him that good name which is bettor than pre- 
cious ointment. 

V.— DR. G1MDLEY TIIAXTER OF ABINGTON. 

He was a native of Hingham; born in 1756; studied medicine 
with his brother, Dr. Thomas Thaxter of Hingham; and was a 
surgeon on board some armed vessels during the Revolutionary 
war. 

About the year 17^0, he settled in Abington, and as a physician 
for more than half a century enjoyed a very extensive practice. 
He probably rode more miles, and visited more patients, than any 
other physician who ever resided in the county of Plymouth. 



ISO Biographical Notices of [April, 

lie retained his faculties in very vigorous excreise until within 
a few years of his death, when he became superannuated, and 
suffered under alienation o( mind, probably in consequence of 
bodily injury occasioned by a fall. 

lie was remarkable lor his iron eonstitution and power of en- 
durance, lie rarely used a carriage in making his professional 
visits, preferring to ride on horseback as long as he was able to 
attend to business. 

In his habits he was frugal and temperate, never using distilled 
liquors, not merely from choice, but from necessity, they being ex- 
tremely offensive and odious to him. 

lie was much beloved by his patients; was an estimable citizen, 
and worthy man. His professional charges were moderate, espec- 
ially for attendance on persons in straitened circumstances. 

lie was a pleasant companion ; a kind father, and fast friend. 

His first wife was the daughter of Gen. Benjamin Lincoln of 
Hingham, by whom he had a numerous family. 

Ezekiel Thaxter, M. D., (II. C, 1812,) now resident in Abington, 
is his son. 

lie died Feb. 10, 1845, aged 89. 

VI.- DR. EZEKIEL DODGE CUSHING, OF HANOVER. 

Dr. Cushing, a classmate and personal friend of the writer, was 
descended from 

1. Malhew Cushing, a son of Peter Gushing of Norfolk, Eng., 
who was born in 1588, and in 1638 came to Boston, in the ship 
Diligent, with his wife and five children; namely, Daniel, Jeremiah, 
Matthew, Deborah, and Jolur. They settled at Hingham in the 
autumn of that year. Matthew Cushing died at Hingham in 
1000; his widow survived to 1681, aged 96. 

2. John Cushing 2 was born in England, in 1627, married Sarah, 
daughter of Nicholas Jacob, and settled in Scituate. He was many 
years a deputy in the Colony Court, and Representative to the Court 
at Boston after the Colonies were united, in 1092 and several suc- 
ceeding years. He died 170s, and his wife in 1078. 

3. John Cushing 1 , son of the above, was born 1002, and died 
1737. He was Chief-Justice of the Inferior Court of Plymouth, 
from 1710 to 1728 ; and Judge of the Supreme Court, from 1728 
to the time of his decease. John Cotton says, " he was the life and 
soul of the Court." He married Deborah Loring of Hull, in 1087, 
who died 1713. Their children were Sarah, Deborah, John, Elijah*, 
Mary, Nazareth, Benjamin, Nathaniel. 

4. Elijah Cushing 4 , settled in Pembroke, and married Elisabeth 
Barker, 1721. They had sons, Elijah, Natluuiicl^ Joseph, (H. C, 
1.752,) and daughters, Mary, wife of Gen. Benjamin Lincoln, Debo- 
rah, wife of Rev, Dr. Shute, and Elisabeth, wife of Major Cush- 
ing, all of Hingham. 

5. Nathaniel Cushing'' had sons, Nathaniel*, Benjamin, and 
Charles. 



1847.] Deceased Physicians in Massachusetts. 181 

G. Nathaniel Cashing", Esq., father of ihe subject of this Notice, 
resided at Pembroke, now Hanson; married .Mary, daughter of 
Rev. Ezekiel Dodge of Abingtoh, who graduated at J I. C, 1749, 
and died 1770, aged 48. Their children were Ezekiel Dodge 1 ) 
Mehetabel, Lucy, George, and Elijah. 

7. Ezekiel Dodge Cushing 7 , was born in 1700; graduated at 
Harvard Universky, in 1808; commenced the study of medicine 
under the tuition of Dr. Gad Hitchcock, of his native town ; and 
after one year, became a pupil of Dr. Nathan Smith, Professor in 
the Medical School of Dartmouth College, where he received the 
degree of Bachelor in Medicine, in 1811. 

J lis education was extended by attendance on the Hospitals 
and Lectures in Philadelphia. lie then visited London and Paris; 
in the former city, acting as a dresser in St. Thomas' Hospital, 
while attending the Lectures of Abernethy, Sir Astley Cooper, and 
others; and in the latter, was present when it was occupied by the 
allies, witnessing daily in the crowded hospitals a most extensive 
surgical practice. 

Thus furnished for the practical duties of his profession, he re- 
turned to his native" country and settled in Boston, where he ac- 
quired the reputation of an able and successful physician, and ob- 
tained a respectable circle of business. 

After a few years, perhaps being too impatient " to bide his time," 
and desirous of pursuing a more active life, he removed to Hano- 
ver, where his services were much sought, and highly appreciated 
in a widely extended circle. He was ..frequently called to advise 
with his professional brethren in cases of difficulty, and to them as 
well as to his employers, his opinions gave great satisfaction. It 
could not well be otherwise, for he possessed eminent skill and 
tact in his profession, and with it that urbanity and kindness of 
manner, which secured the confidence of all with whom he had 
intercourse. 

Just as his reputation had become established, and when his 
prospects for long life and extended usefulness appeared most fair, 
he was smitten with disease, appearing first in the form of an 
epileptic affection, and then of partial paralysis, which issued in an 
entire loss of tone in the digestive organs, and ultimately termi- 
nated in his death, on the fifth of April, 1^58, at the age of 38. 

Thus died an amiable man and accomplished physician. Pos- 
sessing naturally a vigorous constitution, he probably in early life 
exposed himself to unnecessary dangers; and when disease 
fastened upon him its iron grasp, relying too much on his former 
experience, he failed to exercise that care in his own case, which 
he would have recommended to others in like circumstances. His 
memory will be cherished by all who knew him, and his virtues 
may well be emulated by every aspirant to honest fame, in the 
profession of which he was an ornament. 

He married Delia Sawyer, daughter of Capt. Sawyer of 

Boston, and left seven children ; all of whom, except two who 



Ib2 Sketches of Alumni [April, 

died young, with their widowed mother survive to mourn his early 
death. 

The following lines of his Epitaph, written by one who knew 
him well, are remarkably just. 

" Where'er the scene9 of woe were laid, 

His piesence brightened hope and health ; 
Enough for him that duty hade, 
Without the line of sordid wealth." 

See History of Seituate, and a Dissertation of George C. Shat- 
tuek, M. 1)., in the Communications of the Massachusetts Medical 
Society, Vol. IV. 



SKETCHES OF ALUMNI AT THE DIFFERENT COLLEGES 
IN NEW ENGLAND. 

REV. ETHAN SMITH OF BOYLSTON, MS. 

Ethan Smith was born in Belchertown, Ms., Dec. 19, 17G2, 
and while young, was a soldier for one summer in the Revolution- 
ary war, and was at West Point when the traitor Arnold sold thai 
fortress to the British. Having attended to the preparatory studies, 
he entered Dartmouth College in 17S6, and graduated in 1790. 
Soon after taking his degree, Mr. Smith was licensed to preach, 
and spent the first Sabbath of October, 1790, at Haverhill, N. II., 
where he was first settled in the ministry. In about a year from 
that time, he was married to Bathshcba Sandford, second daughter 
of Rev. David Sandford, of Medway, Ms. He remained at Haver- 
hill nine years, and was then dismissed for want of support. He 
was installed in the ministry at Hopkinton, N. H., March 12, 
1S00, and continued there about eighteen years, during sixteen of 
which he was Secretary of the New Hampshire Missionary Society. 
He was afterwards settled at Hebron, N. Y., about four years; at 
Poultney, Vt., about live years; at Hanover, Ms., a number of 
years; and then spent a season as a city missionary in Boston 
Occasionally, he has since preached as a supply, but has now retir- 
ed from the labors of the ministry, and resides with his children. 
Mr. Smith has always been a laborious, and, in many respects, a 
very successful minister of Christ. His publications are as fol- 
lows ; namely, 1. A Dissertation on the Prophecies, 2 editions; 2. 
A View of the Trinity, 2 editions; 3. A View of the Hebrews. 
2 editions ; 4. Lectures on the Subjects and Mode of Baptism, 2 
editions; 5. A Key to the Figurative Language of the Bible ; 6. 
Memoirs of Mrs. Abigail Bailey; 7. A Key to the Revelation, 2 
editions ; 8. Prophetic Catechism ; 9. Two Sermons on Episcopa- 
cy; 10. Farewell Sermon at Haverhill, N. II. ; 11. First Sermon 
after Installation at Hopkinton ; 12. Two Sermons on the Vain 
Excuses of Sinners, preached at Washington, N. II. ; 13. Sermon 
on the Moral Perfection of Cod, preached at Newburyport, Ms.; 



IS 17.] at the different Colleges in New England, 183 

14. Sermon on the Daughters of Xion excelling, preached before 
a Female Cent Society ; 15. Sermon on the happy Transition of 
Saints, preached at the funeral of Mrs. Jemima, consort of Rev. 
])r. Harris of Dumbarton ; 16. Sermon at the Ordination of Rev. 
Stephen Marti ndale, at Tinmouth, Vt. ■; 17. Sermon at the Ordina- 
tion of Rev. Harvey Smith, at Weybridge, Vt. 

The Genealogy of this branch of the Smith family is as follows; 
namely, Joseph Smith removed from Wethersfield, Ct., to J lad- 
ley, Ms., about the year 1659k He had four sons, who lived to 
maturity; namely, Joseph, John, Jonathan, and Benjamin. John 
was born 1686, settled in ITadley, and died 1777, aged 91 years. 
He had live sons, and live daughters. The sons were, John, 
Abner, father of the late Rev. Abner Smith of Derby, Ct., Daniel, 
Joseph, who was father of Rev. Eli Smith of Hollis, the late Rev. 
Amasa Smith, and the late Rev. Dr. John Smith of Bangor, Me., 
and also Elijah. Elijah was born 17:23, was married, in 1751, to 
Sibil, daughter of Daniel Worthington of Colchester, Ct., and had 
by her six sons and three daughters. He served as Captain in the 
French war, in 1750, under Gen. William Johnson, in the Regi- 
ment of Col. Ephraim Williams. He was deacon of the church in 
Belchertown, Ms., and died April 21, 1770. He was " a man," 
says Rev. Mr. Forward, in the Church Records, "of sound 
judgment, ready utterance, pleasing deportment, and ardent piety.' 7 
His children were Asa, father of Rev. Asa Smith of Virginia, and 
Rev. Theophilus Smith of New Canaan, Ct. ; Sibil, wife of the 
late Joseph Bardwell of South lladley, Ms.; Sarah, wife of the late 
Elijah Bardwell of Goshen, Ms., and mother of Rev. Horatio 
Bardwell of Oxford, and of Sarah, wife of the late Rev. Wm. 
Richards of the India Mission ; Elijah, Elisabeth, Ethan, Jacob, 
now deacon of the church in Hadley, and father of Elisabeth, wife 
of the late Rev. William Hervey of the India Mission, of Esther, 
wife of Rev. Mr. Dunbar of the Pawnee Mission, of Martha, 
wife of Rev. O. G. Hubbard of Leominster, Ms., and of Miranda, 
wife of Rev. P. Belden of Amherst, Ms. ; William and Josiab ; — 
all of whom lived until the youngest was 56 years of age, and all 
had large families of children, and their mother saw of her descend- 
ants of the fifth generation, before she died, at the age of 101 years, 
May 26, 1827. 

J'jtJtan, the particular subject of this Sketch, married, as stated, 
Bathsheba, daughter of the late Rev. David Sanford of Mcdway, 
Ms. Their children were Myron, born at Haverhill, N. II., 1794, 
and died ISIS, aged 2-1; Lyndon Arnold, born at Haverhill, 1795, 
graduated at D. O, married a daughter of Rev. Dr. Griffin, and is 
now settled as a physician, in Newark, N. J. ; Stephen Sanford, born 
at Haverhill, 1797, and is now pastor of the Congregational church, 
Westminster, Ms.; Laura, Who died in infancy; Carlos, born in 
Ilopkinton, 1801, graduated at Union College, and is now pastor 
of the Presbyterian church in Massillon, Ohio; Grace Fletcher, 
wife of Rev.* Job II. Martin, died in Haverhill, Ms., 1840; Sarah 



184 Sketches of Alumni [April, 

Towne, 2nd wife of Rev. J. II. Martin of New York; Harriet, 
wife of Rev. William U. Sanford of 13oylston, Ms.; and Ellen, 
wife of C. B. Scdgewick, Esq., of Syraeu.se, died May 23, 1846, 
aged 33. 

The wife of Mr. Smith died in Pompey, N. Y., April 5, 1835, 
aged 64 ; lie is still living. 

REV. ASA RAND OF PETERBOROUGH, N. Y. 

Asa Rand was born at Rindge, N. II., August 6, 1783, being the 
youngest sou and ninth child of Col. Daniel and Mrs. Susanna 
Rand. Daniel Rand was the eldest son of Solomon Rand, of 
Shrewsbury, Ms., who married a daughter of the Rev. Mr. Dodge of 
Abington, Ms. Solomon's father also resided in Shrewsbury, and 
married a daughter of Capt. Keyes of that place ; who, in the early 
settlement of the town, lost his unfinished house by fire, when his 
two sons, a hired man, and a journeyman joiner perished in the 
/lames. Mrs. Susanna Rand was the only daughter of Daniel 
Hemmenway, also of Shrewsbury. Col. Rand was one of the 
early settlers of the town of Rindge, where he ever resided after 
his marriage, in 17G7. He died in 1811, aged 69. The ancestors 
of both the parents of the subject of this Sketch, it is believed, were 
emigrants from England ; but their genealogy we can trace no far- 
ther back with certainty. 

After enjoying the usual advantages of a common school, Mr. 
Rand prepared for college principally at Chesterfield Academy, 
New Hampshire, under the instruction of Hon. Levi Jackson. He 
entered the Sophomore Class in September, 1803, and was gradu- 
ated at Dartmouth College, in 1S06. After leaving college, he 
taught the children of the Hon. Elijah Paine and a few others, at 
Williamstown, Vt., about nine months ; studied theology with 
Rev. Dr. Burton of T he t ford, seven months ; and in January, 1808, 
received the approbation of an association as a preacher of the gospel. 

He preached several months in 180S to the Congregational 
church and society in Gorham, Me., which were in a state of seri- 
ous and alarming division. Having received a unanimous invita- 
tion from both, he was ordained their minister Jan. 18, 1809; where 
he was favored with a prosperous and happy ministry during 
thirteen years. His health, however, was precarious for the greater 
part of that time, and in June, 1S22, he resigned the charge of an 
afTectionate and united people to a successor, believing that his 
work as a public speaker was done. 

In August, 1822, he took the editorial charge of the Christian 
Mirror, on its first establishment at Portland, Ale., Mr. Arthur Shirley 
being proprietor and publisher. In July, 1825, finding his health 
still suffering on the sea-coast, he removed to the interior of Massa- 
chusetts, and took charge of the new Female Seminary at Brook- 
field. 

In July, 1820, he succeeded Gerard Halloek, as co-editor and co- 
proprietor with Nathaniel Willis, of the Boston Recorder ; Dea. 
Willis having the charge of the printing and publishing, and Mr. 



1847.] at the different Colleges hi New England, 185 

Rand of the editorial department. He was -also acting-editor of 
the Youth's Companion and Education Reporter, published by the 

same company; each being the earliest paper of its kind estab- 
lished in the country. On leaving the Recorder, in 1831, Mr. Rand 
continued the Reporter till it was transferred to William C. Wood- 
bridge and united with the Annals of Education. lie was also 
publisher and principal conductor of the Volunteer, a monthly 
religious magazine ; which, at the end of two years, was united 
with the Evangelical Magazine, at Hartford, Ct. 

In April, 1833, Mr. Rand removed to Lowell ; where he had a 
connection with a bookstore and printing oflice, and the publication 
of the Lowell Observer, a weekly religions paper, which was sub- 
sequently transferred to Mr. Porter, publisher of the N. E. Spectator 
at Boston. 

On the restoration of his health, lie returned in 1835 to his chos- 
en employment of public preaching. He lectured in the employ- 
ment of anti-slavery societies in Cumberland county, Maine, and 
the counties of Hampshire and Hampden, Massachusetts. From 
September, 1837, he ministered to the Congregational church in 
Pompey, N. Y, five years; and is now preaching to the Presbyte- 
rian church in Pelerboro, Madison Co., N. Y. 

Mr. Rand was married in November, 1S12, to Grata Payson, 
eldest daughter of Rev. Seth Payson, I). D., of Rindge ; who died 
suddenly at Gorham, April 29, ISIS. Feb. S, 1820, he was married 
to Clarissa Thorndikc, daughter of Nicholas Thorndike, Esq., of 
Beverly, Ms. ; who died at Portland, July 7, 1825. July (5, 1826, 
lie married Mary Coolidge, widow of Elisha Coolidge, merchant, 
of Boston, and daughter of Rev. John dishing, 1). 1)., of Ash* 
burnham, Ms. His third wife is still living; also her only son by 
her first husband, Elisha T. Coolidge, of Cincinnati, O. 

The children of Mr. Rand's first wife were three; namely, a son, 
who died on the day of his birth ; Harriet Newell, who united with 
the church in Lowell, was principal of the female department in 
Pompey Academy several years, became, in January, 1841, the sec- 
ond wife of Rev. Russell S. Cook, one of the Secretaries of the Aim 
Tract Society at New York, and died suddenly in February, 1843; 
William Wilberforee, who was educated at the Public Latin 
School in Boston, Bowdoin College, and Bangor Theological 
Seminary. He was four years pastor of the Reformed Dutch 
Church at Canastota, Madison Co., N. Y., and is now preaching 
in Maine. He married Marcia S. Dunning, of Brunswick, Me. ; 
of whom, with her two children, it has pleased God to bereave him. 

By his second wife Mr. Rand had also three children, who are 
all living, Thorndikc is a clerk in the Suffolk bank, Boston, and 
married Hannah P. Notirse of Beverly. Charles Asa is clerk in a 
bookstore at St. Louis, Mo. Anna Thorndike is the wife of John 
F. Noursc, Principal of Beverly Academy. 

While Mr. Rand resided ;it Gorham, a quarterly religious Maga- 
zine was published at Portland, of which David Thurston, Edward 
J2 



lb*') Sketches of Alumni [April, 

Payson, Asa Rand, and Francis Brown were joint conductors. In 
the "day of small things" among the Churches of Maine, it did 
good. If was published five years, from LS1-1 to 1818, inclusive. 

The publications of Mr. Rand arc, a Sermon to Children ; a Ser- 
mon at the Ordination of Rev. Francis Brown at North Yarmouth, 
Jan. LI, 1310; a Sermon before the Maine Missionary Society, 1S15 ; 
two Sermons on Christian Fellowship; "A Word in Season in 
behalf of the Holy Scriptures," (reviewing Quaker principles;) a 
pamphlet on the Controversies in the First Church of North Yar- 
mouth : a volume entitled " Familiar Sermons"; a review of Fin- 
ney's Sermon on making a New Heart, entitled '" New Divinity 
tried"; a " Vindication of the same, in reply to Rev. Dr. Wisner " ; 
and a " Letter to Rev. Dr. Beecher, in relation to his ministerial 
course in Boston." 

HON. OLIVER WENDELL OF BOSTON. 

Oliver Wendell was born in Boston, March 5, 1733, [N. S.j 
His father, Hon. Jacob Wendell, was born in Albany in 1691, and 
was a descendant of the first of the name and family in America, 
that has been transmitted to us. Evart Janson Wendell came 
from Kmbden^ to the New Netherlands when possessed by the 
Dutch, and settled at Beverwyck, the site of Fort Orange, afterward 
called Albany, on Hudson river. The arms of the family were 
painted on nine panes of glass in the east window of the ancient 
church in Albany; namely, a ship riding at her two anchors. By 
an engraved copy of these arms, in possession of the family, it ap- 
pears that Evart .Janson Wendell was an officer in that church the 
same year in which New Amsterdam, afterwards called New York, 
was laid out in small streets eight years before the Dutch garri- 
son at Fort Orange capitulated to the English. The inscription is, 
licgerendo Dijaldn ) 16'"3G. 

Evart J. was the father of John, who was the father of Jacob. 
This grandson of Evart J., the father of Oliver, was placed, while in 
his minority, under the care of Mr. John Mico, an eminent merchant 
in Boston, and was trained up to mercantile business. He after- 
wards became settled in Boston as a merchant, and was very pros- 
perous. He was highly respected in the town and province ; and, 
among other offices, was repeatedly employed by the government 
in the negotiation of treaties, and exchange of prisoners, with the 
Indians. He married Sarah Oliver, the daughter of Dr. James 
Oliver of Cambridge, and lived in School street, near the Episco- 
pal church. lie possessed a handsome estate in Oliver street, 
Where, after tin; destructive fire of 17b0, he built a brick house, 
(still standing,) in which his son Oliver lived. Since the incor- 
poration of the city, a street leading from Oliver street, and pass- 
ing by this place, has been named Wendell street. Mr. Wendell 



* A town of great commercial importance in the Dutch trade, formerly belongi 
"liitt- J Provinces of the Netherlands. 



to Ih 



1847.] 



at the different Colleges in New England. 



187 



had several children. J lis son Oliver, after finishing his education 
at Harvard College, entered into mercantile business with his fa- 
ther, from whose experience and counsels he may have derived no 
less benefit, than from his slock in trade. 

Mr. Wendell possessed a rare combination of talents and virtues, 
alike adapted to the offices of public and of private life. Mild in 
temper, benevolent in disposition, upright in principle, and resolatc 
in action, he was conciliatory in address, and exemplary in life; 
and uniformly had the esteem and confidence of his friends and of 
the community. He was in the consultations of the early patriots 
ot the American Revolution, and contributed to the acquisition and 
maintenance of the liberty and independence of tie.' Commonwealth 
and country. .Viler the Constitution was settled, he was often a 
member of the Senate, and o^ the Council, in the government of 
the Commonwealth. During his public life, he was Judge of Pro- 
bate for the county of Suffolk; President of Union Bank; a Fellow 
of the Corporation of Harvard College; President of the Society 
lor propagating the Gospel among the Indians and olhers in North 
America; and a Trustee of Phillips Academy, Andovcr. Retiring 
from the city, he spent several of his last years in Cambridge, where 
he died, January 15, 1818, aged 85. 

The evenhig of his days was serene and tranquil. While con- 
scious of uprightness, he relied not on Ins integrity as meritorious, 
but founded his hope of future happiness on the propitiation made 
for sin by Jesus Christ; this hope was a steadfast anchor to his 
soul. Religious contemplation, and devotional exercises, habitual 
to him in public and active life, were cherished by him in secrecy 
and the stillness of retirement. Easy and gentle, at last, was his 
descent to the grave, and tin 1 observer might " see in what peace a 
Christian can die." His remains were deposited in the family- 
tomb, in the Chapel burial-ground in Boston. 

To the' public notice of his death was annexed the following 
sketch of his character, written in the Council Chamber at the State 
] louse, on the reception of the intelligence of his death, by a highly 
respected friend,"^ who, by long intercourse with him in public and 
private life, was a competent judge of his character. t; In all rela- 
tions of life, as a man, citizen, and magistrate, Judge Wendell was 
distinguished for uncommon urbanity of manners, and unimpeach- 
ed integrity of conduct. During the course of a long life he. had 
been successively called to fill many high and responsible oflices. 
The punctuality and precision with which he fulfilled all the duties 
connected with them, were highly exemplary. Full of years, he 
has descended to the grave regretted and beloved by all who knew 
him; happy in the consciousness of a life well spent, and rejoicing 
in the prospect of felicity in a future state, of which a firm faith in 
his Redeemer gave him the assurance." 

Judge Wendell married, in 17()2, Mary, a daughter of Fdward 
Jackson, who graduated at II. C. 1726, married Dorothy Quincy, and 



* v 



188 Sketches of Alumni [April, 

was a merchant of Boston. He was the son of Jonathan, who was 
a brazier and nail-maker, and married .Mary Sailer, March 26, 1700, 
lived in Boston, and left an estate of about £30,000. lie was the 
son of Jonathan, who married Elizabeth and settled in Bos- 
ton, lie was born in England, and was the son of Edward, born 
in 1602, who emigrated from White Chapel, a parish in London, 
to this country about 1,642, took the freeman's oath, .May, 1645, and 
in 1046 purchased of Gov. Bradstreet a farm of 500 acres of land 
in that part of Cambridge which is now Newton, for XI 10. For 
his second wife he married March 14, 16 IS, Elisabeth Oliver, widow 
of Rev. John Oliver, the first minister of llnmney Marsh, (Chelsea,) 
and daughter of John Newgate of Boston. lie was one of the 
most respectable men of the Colony, and was much engaged in 
public life. lie died July 17, 1681, aged 7 ( J. Judge Wendell had 
several children, most of whom died young. Oliver and Edward 
never married, and have deceased. Sarah married the Rev. Dr. 
Abiel Holmes of Cambridge, by whom she had five children; 
namely, Mary Jackson, who married Usher Parsons, M. D., of Prov- 
idence, R. I. ; Ann Susan, who married Rev. Charles W. Upham 
•of Salem; Sarah Lathrop, who died JSpJ } aged 6 years; Oliver 
"Wendell, M. D., of Boston, who married Amelia Lee Jackson, 
daughter of Hon. Charles Jackson of Boston ; and John, an Attor- 
ney at law, living in Cambridge. 

For the above facts we are indebted principally to the late Rev. 
Dr. Holmes of Cambridge, and Francis Jackson, Esq., of Boston. 

HON. JONATHAN LAW, GOVERNOR OF CONNECTICUT. 

[The facts in this Memoir were obtained through the obliging instrumentality of Prof 
Kingsley oi Yale College.] 

Jonathan Law, Governor of the Colony of Connecticut, de- 
scended from Richard Law, who came from England in the year 
1640, and was one of the first settlers in the town of Stamford, Ct., 
in 1641. He left one son, Richard, who afterwards moved to 
Milford in that State, where his son Jonathan, his only son and the 
subject of this Memoir, was born, Aug. 6, 1674. His mother was 
Sarah, daughter of George Clark, Sen., a planter. He was educated 
at Harvard College, then the only Academical Institution in New 
England, and received his degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1695. 
The law was the profession which he selected, and after passing 
through the course of studies usual at that period, he was admitted 
to the bar, and fixed his residence in his native town in 1698. He 
soon became distinguished as a lawyer and an advocate, and after 
a few years was made Chief-Judge of New Haven County Court. 
This olliee he held for live years, and in May, 1715, he was trans- 
ferred to the Bench of the Superior Court of the Colony, as one of 
the Associate Judges, where he continued, with the exception of one 
year, till 1725. At the annual election in 1717, he was chosen an 
Assistant, an olliee of great trust and importance, being ex ollicio 
a Legislator, a member of the Governor's Council, and a judicial 



IS 17.] at the different Colleges in New England. ISO 

Magistrate throughout the Colony. This Station he resigned in 
1725j on his election to the office of Lieutenant-Governor, and the 
same year he was appointed by the General Assembly Chibf-Jus- 
ticl of the Superior Court, both which offices he held until the 
year 1742 ; when : he was elected Governor, and continued in that 
office until his death, which, after a short and painful sickness of 
three days, occurred at Milford, Nov. (>, 1750, at the age of 70 
years. He left seven sons and a widow, his fifth wife. 

A funeral Oration in Latin was delivered on the occasion in the 
chapel of Vale College, by Mr. Stiles, then senior Tutor in that 
Institution, and afterwards its distinguished President. It portrays 
in the most glowing colors, the mild virtues of his private life, and 
the singular success of his public administration. 

During this period, there was a time when religious dissensions, 
which originated in the excessive zeal of itinerant preachers, had 
made their way into sober and regular ecclesiastical communities, 
by which means they were greatly disturbed, and the Colony was 
convulsed almost to its centre. 

Early in the eighteenth century, a wonderful attention to religion 
had been excited in various parts of Connecticut. It seems to have 
been a genuine revival, not unminglcd, perhaps, with some slight al- 
loy of enthusiasm. Soon after this the celebrated Mr. Wliitefield, 
whose sincere and honest piety Cowper has immortalized in the 
most glowing colors, whose eloquence vanquished on one occasion 
even Franklin's philosophical caution, after preaching with the great- 
est applause and effect, at the South, came to New England at the 
pressing invitations of the clergymen of Boston. On his return, 
he passed through Connecticut, where the people crowded to hear 
him, and sunk under the weight of his powerful Christian elo- 
quence. His example seems to have been followed by others of 
weaker intellect and less judgment; by men, who mistook the 
illusions of their own minds, for the operations of the Holy Spirit. 
There was particularly a Mr. Davenport of Long Island, who had 
been a sound and faithful minister, but, unfortunately, partook of 
the same spirit, and by his precepts and example, encouraged the 
wildest extravagances of sentiment and conduct. Some of the 
" New Lights," (as they were called,) boldly proclaimed their inti- 
mate communion with the Almighty, in raptures, ecstacies, trances, 
and visions. A few of the clergy were not free from these errors, 
and forsook their own charge to labor in the vineyards of others. 
In some counties, lay-preachers sprang up, who pretended to divine 
impulses, and inward impressions, and professed a supernatural 
power of discerning between those that were converted, and those 
that were not. Confusion prevailed at their meetings, and instead 
of checking these unseemly disorders, the leaders labored to 
increase and extend them. Such excesses threw a shade on real 
piety, and threatened to subvert the foundations of pure and genu- 
ine Christianity throughout the Colony. The Legislature, between 
whom and the church there was then a much closer connection 



100 Sketches of Alumni. [April, 

than at this day, in consequence of ihc numerous applications made 
to them for their interference and protection, enacted laws, ihc sever- 
ity of which was not justifiable, but may, in some irieasure, be palli- 
ated when we consider the magnitude of the evil. A heated zeal 
and a misguided conscience, rather, perhaps, than a contempt of die 
authority of government, gave rise in some counties to loud mur- 
murs and great dissatisfaction. 

Governor Law, although an ardent friend of the gospel system 
in its original purity, opposed with all the energy he possessed, this 
wild spirit of fanaticism. To him was its suppression, in no 
small degree, to be attributed. With the skill of an experienced 
pilot, he kept his eye always fixed on the star of civil and religious 
liberty, and steered the political bark unhurt, amidst the dangers 
that surrounded it. It was to these troubles that President Stiles 
alluded in the Eulogy before spoken of, when, after paying a just 
compliment to his predecessors, he adds : 

" Sed gloria Conservandce reijnibliccc ac pc rite per procellas intes- 
linns periculosissimasque confusiones for titer el cleriienter adminis- 

trundic sit suit sapienti ct iHustrissinio Law.'' 

It was during this term of service, likewise, that the expedition 
against Cape Breton was undertaken. The plan was formed by 
Gov. Shirley of Massachusetts, and was executed by raw, undis- 
ciplined troops, ignorant of the arts of regular warfare, with the 
most brilliant success. He saw the great importance of this enter- 
prise, and labored, with unwearied industry, to prevent its failure. 

Governor Law was unquestionably a man of high talents and 
accomplishments, both natural and acquired, lie was well ac- 
quainted with civil and ecclesiastical subjects, and gradually rose, 
by the force of his own exertions, to the highest honors of the 
State. lie was of a mild and placid temper, amiable in all the 
relations of domestic life, and seems to have well discharged the 
duties imposed on him. 



First-love is pure without a stain, 
The heart can never fondly love again; 
One holy shrine will in the bosom rest, 
And only one within a faithful breast. 
True love's a steady, bright, unchanging ray, 
And not the idle preference of a day; 
A fadeless llowcr which will for ever bloom 
Through years, in absence, and beyond the tomb. 

Sacral Poiins, by Mrs. Bruce, London. 



1S17.] 



Dr. Walls's Letter. ±r*h 



DR. WATTS'S LETTER OF CONDOLENCE TO MADAM SEW ALL. 

[The following letter of Dr. Watts was written to Madam Sewall. the wife of Maj. Sam- 
uel bewail, a highly accomplished merchant of Boston, upon the sudden ami afli-eimy death 
of her two sons. These were children by her first husband, Mr. Nathan llowdl and her 
only children, fur she never had any by Maj. Sewall. For the letter and n number of the facta 
in relation to the sad event, we are indebted to Charles Ewer, Esq. : and through his instru- 
mentality also the likenesses of the youth drowned were procured from Mrs. Loring. the 
wife of Henry Lon'ng, Esq., of this city, and are now deposited in the Kooms of the New 
England Historic, Genealogical Society. The l!ev. Samuel Sewall of Burlington informs 
us that the Rev. l>r. Sewall of the Old South Church, in his diary, notices the event as fol- 
lows: '■ 1727-5 January S, (Monday,) Georce and .Nathan Howell ah 1 15 \: It y" old, went a 
skating at the bottom .of v Common, and were.both drowned. IA Sanctify this awful I 
Provid ce to the near delations ; Support A: Comfort y" 1 : Be to y ne Iluulmaid better y" 10 
Sons : To ye Town ' Awaken our young people to lt"em r y r Creator and (ly to X y 1 yy may 
be safe under y« Shadow of his wings. Jan? 1 1 (Sabbath) I endeavoured to improve y e late 
awful Provide" fr Eccl. 9. 12." 

Nathan Howell and Kalhcrinc George were married by Rev. Dr. Colman, Aug. 11, 170-,; 
George and Nathan, their sons, were born, — George, Nov. 1, 1712. and Nathan" March 21, 
17KM I. 

In Pemberton's Manuscript Chronology we find the following entry: "172S, January 
5th, George and Nathan Howell of Boston, brothers idiom II and 15 years old, in scaling at 
the bottom of the Common, fell through the ice and were both drowned.''! 



Madam, 




ni_) i asiui m my younger years. m~ reacocs wno mameu juurumi'M a.uia was 
my intimate Friend. M rs Bishop and M rs Wirly were both my Acquaintance 
tho' my long Illness and Absence from London lias made me a stranger to their 
Posterity whom I knew when Children. But now I know not who of them are 
living or where. Doc r Cotton Mather your late Father in Law was my yearly 

f'Arrn^nnn/l.^l .,,,.1 T 1 .... . 1 ' 1 , -f I." _ 1> . . . ll.- I..-, , 1. .,,..-» ,.,,..., \ .. ^ . 1 ! ., 



^ or where. Doc* Cotton Mather your late Father in Law was my yearly 
Correspondent, and 1 lament the loss of him. But the loss you have sustained is 
of a more tender and distressing kind ; yet let us see whether there are not 
sufficient Springs of Consolation flowing round von to allay the smart of so 
great a sorrow. And may the Lord open your Eyes as lie did the Eyes of 
Hagar in the Wilderness so to Espy the Spring of Water when she was dying 
with Thirst and her Child over against her ready lo expire. Gen. 21, 19. 

_ Have you lost two lovely Children ? Did you make them your Idols I if you 
di " 



mi inirsi aim tier unuu over against nor ready to expire, oen. zi, iy. 
_ Have you lost two lovely Children ? Did you make them your Idols I if yo 
id, God hath sav'd you from Idolatry ; if you did not, you have your God sti 
. 7 nd a Creature cannot be miserable who has a God. The short words My Go~ 
have infinitely more sweetness in them than My Sons or My Daughters. Were 
they desirable Blessings '. Your God calls you then to the nobler Sacrifice. Can 
you give up these to him at his call ? God delighteth in such a Sacrifice. 
Were they your All ! So was Isaac when Abraham was required to part with 
him at God's Altar. Are not you a Daughter of Abraham? Then imitate you 
his Faith, 'his self-denial, his Obedience, and make your Evidences of such a 
Spiritual Relation to him shine Brighter on this solemn occasion. Has God 
taken them from your Arms ? had you not given them to God before ? had you 
not devoted them to him in Baptism ? are you displeas'd that God calls for his 
own ! vvas not your heart sincere in the Resignation of them to him ' Show then, 
Madam, the sincerity of your Heart in leaving of them in the Hand of God — 
Do you say they are lost/ not out of God's sight, and God's World, the' they 
are out of our sight and our World. All live to God. You may hope the spreading 
Covenant of Grace has shelter'd them from the second Death. They live tho' not 
with you. Are you ready to say you have brought forth for the Grave .' it may be 
so, bat not in vain. Isaiah 65, 23. They shall not labor in rain, nor bring forth 
for trouble; (that is for Sorrow and without hope) for they are the seed of the 


















' 






■ 









Vj2 Dr. Watts'* Letter. [April, 

Blessed of the. Lord and their offspring with litem. This has been a sweet 
Text to many a Mother when their Children have been called away betimes. 
And the Prophet Jeremy Chap. 31, 15 — 17. has very comfortable words to allay 
the same sorrow. Did yon please yourself in what comforts you might have 
derived from them in maimer years ) But Madam, do you consider sufficiently 
that God hath taken them aw a) from the evil to come, and hid them in the 
Grave from the prevailing and mischievous Temptations of a degenerate age. 
My Brother's Wife in London has buried seven oi eight Children, and among 
them, all her Sons. This tho't has reconciled her to the Providence of God, that 
the Temptations of young men in this Age are so exceeding great, and she has 
seen so many young Gentlemen of her acquaintance so shamefully degenerate, 
that she wipes her Tears for the Sons she has buried, .and composes herself to 
Patience and Thankfulness with one only Daughter remaining. Perhaps God 
has by this stroak prevented a thousand unknown Sorrows. Are your Sons 
dead I but are your Mercies dead too \ A worthy Husband is a living Comfort 
and may God preserve and restore him to you in safety. Food, Raiment, 
Safety, Peace, Liberty of Religious access to the mercy seat, Hope of Heaven ; — 
All these are daily matters of thankfnllness. Good Madam, let not one sorrow 
bury them all. Shew that you are a Christian by making it appear that Religion 
has supports in it which the World doth not enjoy and which the World doth 
not know. What can a poor Word ling do but mourn over earthly Blessings 
departed, and go down comfortless with them to the Grave. But methinks that 
a. Christian should lift up the Head as partaking of higher hopes. May the 
Blessed Spirit be your Comforter. Endeavour Madam to employ yourself in 
some Business or Amusement of life continually. Let not a solitary frame of 
Mind tempt you to set Brooding over your Sorrows and nurse 1 them up to a 
dangerous Size; but turn jour Thoughts often to the brighter Scenes of Heaven 
and the Resurrection. Forgive the freedom of a stranger, Madam, who desires 
to be the Humble and faithful Servant of Christ and Souls. 

Isaac Watts. 
Postcript. 

Madam, You have so many excellent Comforters round about 
you that I even Blush to send what I have wrote; yet since the narrowness of 
my Paper has excluded two or three thoughts which may not be impertinent or 
useless on this mournful Occasion I will insert them here. You know Madam 
that the great and blessed God had but one Son, and he gave him up a Sacri- 
fice and devoted him to a bloody Death out of Love to such Sinners as you and 
I. Can you shew your gratitude to God in a more evident & acceptable manner 
than by resigning willingly your two Sons to him at the call of his Providence ? 
This Act of willing Resignation will turn a painful Affliction into a holy Sacrifice. 
Are the two dearest things torn from the heart of a Mother, then you may ever 
set looser by this World, and you have the fewer dangerous Attachments to this 
life. Tis a happiness for a Christian not to have the heart strings tyed too fast 
to any tiling beneath God and Heaven. Happy the Soul that is ready to move 
at the Divine summons. The fewer Engagements we have on earth, the more 
We may live above, and have our thoughts more fixed on things Divine and 
heavenly. May this painful stroak thus Sanctified lead you nearer to God. 
Amen. I. W. 



" A boate, going out of Hampton River was cast away and the pson3 all drowned who 
wore in number eight: Em. Hilliar, Jon. Philbrick and An Plulbrick his wife; Sarah 
Philbrick there daughter; Alice the wyfe of Mixes Cox, and John Cox his sonne, 
Robert Read; who all perished in y v sea y u :20th ol the 8 mo. 10C7." — Norfolk Comity 
Records. 



From the same Records, we learn that "Capt. Benjamin Swett of Hampton was 
slain at Black Point by the barbarous Indian, the 2'Jlh June. LG77." 



1847.] List of Ancient Names in Boston and Vicinity. 193 



LIST OF ANCIENT NAMES IN BOSTON AND VICINITY 

An Alphabetical List of the Ancient Names in the towns of Boston, Charlestowm 

Rojzbury, WaLertoivn, Dorclicster, Cambridge, Dedltam, Weymouth, 

liraintree, Concord, Sudbury, Hinghain, and Wobum. 

BY THE LATE JOHN FARMER, ESQ. 

[This List embraces the names in the above towns from 1030 to 1011, ami contains most oi 
the names in each town. * 

Aberev] \tions. — Bo. Boston, Ch. Chnrlestown, Co. Concord, Ca. Cambridge, Or 
Braintree, De. Dedham, Do. Dorchester, H. Hingham, M. Medfield, It. Roxbury, S. S« .'• 
bury, Wa. Watertown, We. Weymouth, and Wo. Wobum.] 



A. 

Abell, We. 

Adams, Bo. De. We. 

Br. M. 
Amadoun, Bo. We. 
Allison, Bo 
AspinwaP Bo. 
Alexande r . Bo. 
Armitage, Bo. 
Awkley, Bo. 
Allen, Bo. Ch. De. 

H. Br. M 
Addington, Bo. 
Astwood, R. 
Alcock, R. De. 
Ambler, Wa. 
Arnold, Wa. 
Ames, Ca. Br. 
Aldridge, De. 
Alleyn, De. 
Atkinson, Co. 
Axdell, S. 
Aldreth, Br. 
Abie, Br. 
Atherton, Br. 

B. 
Baldwin, Bo. De. 
Baker, Bo. Ch. R. 
Barrell, Bo 
Baxter, Bo. R. 
Beare'ey. Bo. 
Beck, Bo. 
Bourne, Bo. 
Bridge., Bo Ch. R. 
Bendall, Bo. 
Bell, Bo. R. 
Bishop, Bo. 
Blanchard Bo. 
Bosworth, Bo. 
Briggs, Bo We. 
Briscoe, Bo. Wa. 
Burden. Bo. 
Buttolph, 80. 
Button, Bo. 
Brimsmeade, Ch. 
Brown, Ch. S. H. Br, 
Burrage Ch. 
Batchelor, Ch. De. 
Barret. CI Co. 
Burnet, B, 



Brewer, R. Ca. 
Blacksley, It. 
Burrill, R. 
Bugbee, R. 
Bartlett, Wa. 
Beech, Wa. 
Bernard, Wa. 
Boyden, Wa. 
Beeres, Wa. 
Bright, Wa. 
Bullard, Wa. De. 
Barron, Wa. 
Boyls[t]on, Wa. 
Bradbrook, Wa. 
Benjamin, Wa. 
Barsham, Wa. 
Broughton, Wa. 
Barnard, We. 
Billings, Do. 
Bird, Do. 
Buck, Ca. 
Bridgham, Ca. 
Barker, De. 
Barstowe, De. 
Bullen, De. M. 
Barber, De. M. 
Bayes. De. 
Blandford, S. 
Belcher, Ca. S. Br. 
Burr, Do. H. 
Bliss, H. 
Bridgeman, H. 
Bagnley, Co. 
Blood, Co. 
Bowstree, Co. 
Brooks, Co. 
Bulkley, Co. 
Busse, Co. 
Bennet, Co. 
Butterfield, Wo. 
Barron, Wo. 
Bass, Br. 
Blage, Br. 
Bracket, Br. 
Barnes, Br. 
Britan, Wo. 
Barber, M. 



Carter. Bo Ch 
Cole, Bo. Ch. 



Cooke, Bo. Ca. 
Coggan, Bo. 
Copp, Bo. 
Cotton, Bo. 
Clarke, Bo. R. Wa. 
De. H. M. 

Cource, Bo. 
Crabbtree, Bo. 
Cranwell, Bo. 
Cretchley, Bo. 
Call, Ch. 
Carrington, Ch. 
Cary, Ch. 
Carter, Ch. Bo. 
Coytmore, Ch. 
Curtis, R. Do. S. 
Coddington, R 
Craft, R. 
Chandler, R. Co. 
Corey, R. 
Crane, R. 
Cheney, R. M. 
Crosse, Wa. 
Cutter, Wa. 
Church, Wo. 
Coolidge, Wo. 
Claise, Wa. 
Cooper, Wa. 
Crisp, Wa. 
Capen, Do. 
Clap, Do. We. M. 
Clement, Do. 
Collicott, Do. 
Cunlithe, Do. 
Champney, Ca. 
Collins, Ca. 
Corlet, Ca. 
Chickering, De. 
Colbourne, De. 
Calver, De. 
Carpenter, We 
Cakebread, S. 
Coulton, H. 
Collier, H. 
Chamberlain, Br. Co, 

Wo. 
Cheesborough Bo. 
Coney, Br. 
Coskin, Co. 
Convers, Cr\ 
Cram. M. 



D. 
Davie*, Bo. S. Wo. 
Dennis, Bo. 

Dineley, Bo. 
Dowse, Bo. 
Dane, Ch. Co. 
David, Ch. 
Danforth, R. Ca 
Dexter, Ch. 
Dud'ey, R. 
Dennison, R. 
Davis, R. 
Dikes, Wa. 
Dow, Wa. 
Davenport, Do. 
Dickerman, Do. 
Dwight, De. 
Daniel, Ca. 
Dixon, Ca. 
Dana, Ca. 
Dyer, We. 
Darvill, S. 
Dorchester, H. 
Doggett, Co. 
Draper, Co. 
Dasset, Br. 
Dawes, Br. 
Devel, Br. 

E. 
East. Bo. 

Eaton, Bo. Wa De. 
Elliot, Bo. R. Br. 
Eyre, Wa. 
Eudie, Wa. 
Else, Wa. 
Evans, Do. 
Eccley., C. 
Eames, Do. H 
EUlerkin, De. 
Everard, De. 
Edwards, H. Co. 
Ellis, Br. M. 
Edmunds, Co. 
Evarts, Co. 

F. 
Fairfield. Eo. 
Fairweather, B^. 
Farmside, Bo. 

Flack, Bo. 



191 



List of Ancient Names in Boston and Vicinity. [April, 



Franklin, Bo. 
Fish, Bo. 
Flowd, Bo. 
Fowle, Bo. Ch. Co. 
Furnell, Bo. 
Frothinsfham, Ch. 
Fiske, Wa. 
File-, Wa. 
Farnum, Do, 
French, Do. 
Fower, Do. 
Farcworth, Do. 
Fuller, Do. Co. "Wo 
Foorde, Ca. 
Francis, Ca. 
Fisher. De. M. 
Fairbank. De. M. 
Frafey. De. JM, 
Foster, We. 
Fry, We. 
Freeman, S. 
Flatman, Br. 
Flint, Br. 
Far we II, Co. 
Foye, Co. 
Farley, \Ya. 

G. 

Garrett, Bo. Ch. 
Gibbons, Bo. 

(.ill, Bo. 
Goordley. Bo. 
Greames, Bo. 
Green, Bo. Ch. 
Guttridge, Bo. Wa. 
Grid ley, Bo. 
Griggs, Bo. 
Gross. Bo. 
Orubbs, Bo. 
Gunnison, Bo. 
Gould, Ch. 
G rover, Ch. 
Graves, Ch. 
Greenland, Ch. 
Greems, Ch. 
Gookin, R. Ca. 
Gamblin, R. 
Gorton, II. 
Garner, R. 
Goard, R. 
Garfield, Wa. 
GofFe, Wa. 
Gass, Wa. 
Grant, Wa. 
Godfrey, Wa. 
Gibsou, Ca. 
Grissell, Ca. 
Gay, De. 
Grillin, S. 
Coodnow, S. 
George, Br. 
Gamlin, Co. 

H. 

Hayborne, Bo. R. 
Harvey, Bo. 



Halsall, Bo. 
Harwood, Ho. 
Hawkins, Ho. Wa. 
Hill, Bo. 
Hid.-, Bo. Ca. 
Hilliard. Bo. 
Hough. Bo. 
Holland, Bo. 
Hutchinson, Bo. 
Hogg, Bo 
Houchin, Bo. 
Howen, Bo. 
Hudson, Bo. 
Hunn, Bo. 
Ilcnrickson, Bo. 
Hadlock, Ch. 
Hale, Ch. 
Harrington, Ch. 
Heiden, Ch. 
Mills. Ch. 
Hubbard, Ch. 
Haule, Ch. 
Hemingway, R. 
Heath, R 
Ihrris, R. Ca. 
Hewes, R. 
Holmes, R. 
How,., R. S. 
Hawkins, Wa. Bo. 
[[olden, Wa. 
Hubbard, Wa. 
Homes, Ca. 
Horn wood, Ca. 
Hildreth, Ca. 
Hutchin, Ca. 
House, Ca. 
Hancock, Ca. 
Hinsdell, De. 
Hunting, De. 
Hunt, De. We. Co. 
Hart, We. 
Haine, S. 
Holyoke, H. 
Hobart, H. 
Hansett, Br. 
Hastings, Br. 
Herknell, Br. 
Herman, Br. 
Hoyden, Br. 
Halsted, Co. 
Harsey, Co. 
Heyward, Co. 
Hosmer, Co. 
Hayward, Wo. 
Harvard, Ch. 

I. 
Ives, Wa. 



Johnson, Bo. Ch. R. 

Wo. S. 
Joy, Bo. 
Jacklin, Bo. 
Jackson, Bo. Ch. Ca. 
Judkins, Bo. 



.Tones, Ch. Do. Co. 
James. Ch. De. 
Jerimson. Wa. 
Je/rrey, We. 
Jenkins, Br. 
Jewell, Br. 

K. 

Ken rick, Bo. 
Kade, Bo. 
Kerby, Bo. 
Knight, Bo. Br. Wo. 
Kettle, Ch. 
Kin-slow, Do. 
Kalem, De. 
Kingsbury. De. 
Kimball, Wa. 
Knowles, Wa. 
Kin- Wa. S. We. 
Keyes, Wa. 
Kingsley, Br. 
Kendal, Wo. 



Leverett, Bo. 
Lvall, Bo. 
Luin, Bo. 
Lugg, Bo. 
Lawson, Bo. 
Long. Ch. 
Lawdon, Ch. 
Lewis, Ch. Wa. 
Luddington, Ch. 
Lynde, Ch. 
Larkin, Ch. 
Lawrence, Ch. 
Lusher, De. 
Langton, H. 
Lincoln, H. 
Leavitt, H. 
Lyon, R. 
Lamb, R. Wa. 
Linens, R. 
Lettin, Co. 
Lelingwell, Wa. 
Larnit, Wo. ' 
Lockwood, Wa. 
Lovering, Wa. 
Ludden, Wa. 
Lowell, M. 

M. 

Marshall, Bo. 
Mason, Bo. R. Wa. 
Manning, Bo. 
Mears, Bo. 
Merry, Bo. 
Milam, Bo. 
Messinger, Bo. 
Mingo, Bo. 
Munt, Bo. 
Marble, Ch. 
Man ley, Ch. 
Maverick, Ch. 
Mellowes, Ch. Br. 
Merrich. Ch. 



Mellers, Ch. 
Mather, Do. 
Maudsley, Do. 
Millet, Do. 
Mumings, Do. 
Meane, Ca. 
Mitchelson, Ca. 
Meigs, We. 
Melim, We. 
Matthew, II. R. 
Mireck, II. 
Morril, R. 
Miller, R. 
Meadows, R. 
Mosse, Wa. 
Merchant, Wa. Br. 
Marian, Wa. 
Mayhew, Wa. 
Maudsley, Br. 
Mekins, Br. 
Motson, Br. 
Moore, Br. S. 
Male. Br. 
Mousall, Wo. 
Morse, De M. 
Metcall, M. 

N. 
Newgate, Bo. 
Negus, Bo. 
Nash, Ch. 

No well, Ch. 
Nichols, Ch. 
Now man, We. 
Norton, We. 
Newton, 8. 

0. 

Oliver, Bo. 
Odlin, Bo. 
O shorn, We. Do. 
Onion, R. 
Ong, Wa. 
Oakes, Ca. 



Pal -rave, Ch. 
Palmer, Ch. 
Phillips, Do.Wa.We. 
Phipps, Ch. 
Pasmer, Bo. Ch. 
Powell, Ch. De. 
Power, Ch. 
Parker, Wo. Bo. R. 
Painter, Bo. 
Pratt, Ch. We. 
Paitor, Bo. 
Perry, Bo. 
Pell, Bo. 

Pierce, Bo. Do. Wa. 
Phippin, Bo. 
Plain, Bo. 
Porter, Bo. 
Portmont,* Bo. 
Poole, Bo. 
Pilshury, Do. 



* This name is spelt dill'eronlly, as P 



it, F 



urni, Porn 



ul l\ 



IS 17.] List of Ancient Names in Boston and Vicinity. 



19" 



Prortcr, Do. 
Pope, Do. 
Prentiss, Ca. 
Parish, Ca. 
Pickering, Ca. 
Pelham, Ca. 
Picke, Ca. 
Paine, Do. Br. 
Ponniman, Br. 
Perrin, Br. 
Pocher, Br. 
Potter, Co. 
Posmore, Co. 
Prentice, Co. 
Parsus, H. 
Pierpont, R. 
Peake, R. 
Payson, R. 
Pig-, R. 
Perkins, R. 
Prichard, R. 
Porter, R. Wa. We. 
Peirson, Wa. Wo. 
Present t, Wa. 
Page, Wa. 
Picknam, Wa. 
Prest, We. 
Petty, We. 
Parmeter, S. 

R. 

Ruggles, R. Br. 
Rogers, Wa. We. Bo. 

Co. 
Randall, We. 
Ralins, We. 
Reed, We. Br. 
Rutter, S. 
Redyate, S. 
Reaver, H. 
Rainsford, Bo. 
Rice, Bo. Co. 
Russell, Ch. Ca.Wo. 
Robbins, Ca. 
Ross, Ca. 
Richards, Do. 
Roper, De. 
Ray, Br. 
Rocket, Br. M. 
Richardson, Bo. Ch. 

Wo. 
Roman, Ca. 



S a veil, We. Br. 
Shaw, We. Ca. 
Shepard, We. Ca. Br. 

Silvester, We. 
Stoppell, We. 
Stone, S. 
Stowe, S. Wa. Ch. 

Br. 
Sevvill, If. 
Stebbin, II. R. Wa. 
Sharp, R. Br. 
Sener, R. 
Smith, II. R. Wa. 

Ch. Do. De. 
Scarborough], R. 
Sheffield, R. 
Starkweather, R. 
Sanderson, Wa. 
Stearns, Wa. 
Stowers, Wa. 
Saw tell, Wa. 
Sherman, Wa. Bo. 
Story, Wa. 
Stow, Wa. Ch. 
San ford, Bo. 
Savage, Bo. 
Scott, Bo. Br. 
Scottow, Bo. 
Salter, Bo. 
Seabury, Ho. 
Seavern, Bo. 
Sellick, Bo. 
Seamond, Bo. 
Sherburne, Bo. 
Sinet, Bo. 
Spuir, Bo. 
Stanhury, Bo. 
Stanion, Bo. 
Snow, Bo. 
Sunderland, Bo. 
Sy mo i ids, Bo. Co. 
Shrimpton, Bo. 
Stevens, Bo. Br. 
Stevenson,' Bo. Ca. 
Stoddard, Bo. 
Stodder, M. 
Sergeant. Ch. Br. 
Shorthouse, Ch. 
Swain, Ch. 
Sweet/i r, Ch. 
Symmes, Ch. Br. 
South, Do. 



Sumner, Do. 
Swift, Do. 
Saunders, Ca. 
Sparhawk, Ca. 
St t.'d man, Ca. 
Streeter, Ca. 
Shaw, Ca. 
Stacey, De. 
Savel, Br. 
Sellein, Bo. 
Spalding, Br. 
Seer, Wo. 
Squiers, Co. 

T. 

Thomas, Bo. II. 
Terne, Bo. 
Tyng, Bo. 
r I ownsend, Bo. 
Tapping, Bo. 
Turner, Bo. Do. M. 
Tutfle, Bo. 
Trerrice, Ch. Wo. 
Tidd, Ch. 
ToplilT, Do. 
Tolman, Do. R. 
Trtimble, Ca. 
Tow ne, Ca. 
Thurston, De. M. 
Tomson, Dr. Wa. 
Twing, Co. 
Turuey. Co. 
Tompkins, Co. 
Thompson, Wo. 
Trerice, Wo. 
Totenham, Wo. 
Train, Wa. 
Torrcy, We. 
Tucker, We. 
Toll, S. 
Tread way, S. 
Tailor, II. 

u. 

Upham, We. 
Underwood, Co. 
Upsall, Do. 
Usher. Ca. and after 

of Bo. 
Ulting, De. 



V. 



Viall. Bo. 



Vines, S. 
Vane, Bo. 

W. 
Waite, Bo. Wa. 
Walker. Bo. Ch. R. 
Wendell, Ho. 
Winbournc, Bo. 
Walton, Bo. We. 
Wheeler, Bo. Ch. 

Co. De. 
Webber, Ho. 
Williams, Bo. R. 
Wilson. Bo. Br. 
Win- Bo. 
Winthrop, Bo. 
Woodhouse, Bo. 
Woodward, Bo. Wa. 
Willis, Bo. Ch. 
Wilde, Ch. 
Waffe, Ch. 
Willougbby, Cb. 
Wood, Ch. De. Co. 

■M. 
Woorie, Ch. 
Wise, Ch. 
Worward. Ch. 
Wright, Do. 
Wyllys, Ca. 
Winship, Ca. 
Whiting. De. 
Wheelock, De. M. 
Wight, De. 
Weld, Br. R. 
Winchester, Br. 
Wiseman, Br. 
Wheat, Co. 
Willard, Co. 
Wyman, Wo. 
Winn, Wo. 
Whittemore, R. 
White, R. 
Woods, R S. 
Waterman, R. 
Watson, R. 
Wellington, Wa. 
Waters, Wa. 
W'ithington, Do. 
Webb, We. 
Whitman, We. 
Warren. We. 
Ward, S. 
Whitton, II. 



FROM A MONUMENT IN THE BURYING-GROUND AT 
EASTPORT, .ME. 

In memory of Margaret Nickels, who died April 20, 1S17, JE. 87, dau. of Samuel Breck 
of Boston, and relict of William Nickels of Naraguagus, who was lost, as was his grand- 
son, Geo. W. Shaw, AC. 12 years, on Crand Manan Island, where they were buried, Dec. 
18, 1789. 

This monument erected in 181"), by Rob. 'it G. Shaw of Boston, grandson to the 
deceased, through the agency of George Hobbs, Esq. 



100 



Family Licrease, Longevity, §-c. 



April, 



FAMILY INCREASE. 

The following facts published in a note in Vol. II. of Hal ibur ton's " Historical and 
Statistical Account of Nova Scotia" arc believed to be unparalleled in the increase of 
any family on record. It can at once be seen that at this rate of multiplying popula- 
tion it would take only a short period to people the earth. Any one, curious enough 
to make a calculation, will be astonished ai the multitude of persons after the lapse of 
a few generations which could trace their descent from a common ancestor. The note 
is as follows : 

" In the Spring of the year 17G0, A. Smith, Esq., a native of Cape Cod, landed at Bar- 
rington,* for the purpose of making arrangements for the reception of his family, but 
finding the Indians numerous, he abandoned the idea of emigrating and returned home. 
Shortly after his departure, his wife arrived in a vessel bound on a fishing voyage, and 
was lauded with her family. Here >i\u: remained five weeks, until the arrival of her 
husband, during which time she was kindly and hospitably treated by the Savages. She 
died at Barring-ton, in March, '1823; leaving at the time of her death 5 children, 66 
grandchildren, 207 great-grandchildren, Gt of the fifth, and 1 of the sixth generation 
living, exclusive of a daughter, in the United States, who had a large family, and of 
several grandchildren who have removed from Barrington." 



INSTANCES OF LONGEVITY IN ONE HOUSE. 

The following persons have died in the same house since 17S1. The bouse is situ- 
ated in Hingham, and was formerly owned by Peter Tower. Peter Tower, nged 84 ; 
Anna Tower, 95; Deborah Tower, 95; Joshua Tower, 77; Grace dishing, 95; 
Laban Tower, 7.'!; Esther Tower, 71; Deborah Dunbar, SO. Total, 070. — Hingham 
Gazette, April G, 1 837. We are informed that the Tower estate has been held in the 
name of Tower since 10L17, and is now occupied by Mr William Tower. 



LONGEVITY OF THE MARSH FAMILY IN HAVERHILL, MS. 

Dea. David Marsh of Haverhill, Ms., was born Jan., 109S, and his wife Mary Moody 
was born Aug., 1703. They were the parents of twelve children. The father, mother, 
and children died as follows: 



The father died, 
The mother, . 



Elisabeth died, 
Mary, . 
Judith, 
Cutting, . 
David, 



Parents. 



Childr 



a£jed SO 


" 90 


aged So 


. " so 


11 SO 


" so 


" 82 



Moses died, 

Jonathan, 

Enoch, 

Nathaniel, 

John, . 

Lydia, . 

Abigail, 



Total of years, 
Average age, 



aged SS 

. » 89 

" 09 

. " 70 

" 79 

. « 84 

" S4 

. 1,105 

83 



Below is an exact copy of an inscription on the tomb-stone of Mary Buel in the 
burying-ground, north-west of the village in Litchfield, Ct. 

Here lies the body of Mrs. Mary Buel. wife of Dr. John Buel, Esq r — She died Nov. 
4 th 170S /Etat. 00. having had 13 Children — 101 Grand Children — 274 Great G. 
Children, 22 Great G. G. Children — 410 Total — 330 survived. 



In the Historical Magazine for 1709, by Bisse.tt, a marriage of some interest to Ameri- 
cans is thus given. 

"William Cockburn, Esq. American merchant, to the fair Miss Lorimer, dan. of Mr. 
Lorimer of the Strand, and sister to the beautiful Mrs. Graham, lady of Col. Graham, 
Sloane St., well known in the literary world as the author of a History of the American 
State of Vermont." 



* Harrington, Nova Scotia, was settled by about eighty families from Capo Cod and Nan- 
tucket, in 17' .1, '02, and '03. 



1847.] 



Marriages and Deaths. 



97 



MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 



We propose to give in future in each Number of the Register a brief List of 
Marriages and Deaths, confining ourselves principally to those which occur in 
the New England States, or among those persona who are of New England 
origin. We give this quarter a few as a sample. 



M A R R I A. G E S . 

Allen, Rev. Samuel II., of Windsor 
Locks, and Julia A., daughter of Dr. 
William S. Pierson of Windsor, Ct., 
Feb. 1G. 

Bush, Rev. Charles P., of Norwich, Ct., 
and Philippa, daughter of I. Call, Esq., 
Charlestown, Dec. 31, IS 10. 

Edmonston, Dh. Edward, of Abin^ton, 
and Miss Bethia Brewster of Han- 
son, Dec. 25, 1S4G. 

Fle r'cHEit, Sam uel, Esq., of Andover and 
Mrs. Hannah C. Briggs of Dedharn, 
Feb. 23. 

Gardner, Nicholas R., Esq., in the 79th 
year of his age, and Mrs. Abigail 
Atwood in the 00th year of her age, 
both of Providence, R. I. It was the 
fifth time he hud taken the solemn vow 
at the hymeneal altar. There were pres- 
ent his children, his grandchildren, and 
his great-grandchildren. 

McKenney, Rev. SABiN,of Poultney, Vt., 
and Elisabeth S., daughter of Dr. Hi- 
ram Corliss of Union Village, Washing- 
ton Co., N. Y„ Jan. 27. 

Morse, A ijial, a Revolutionary pensioner, 
a. 80, and Mas. Lucy Miller, a. -13, 
Barnard, Vt. 

Pearson, Col. L. T., of Collinsville, and 
Miss Jennette M. Cadwell of Hart- 
ford, Ct., Jan. 25. 

Pen nell, Rev. Lewis, of Weston, and 
Miss Mary C. Sherwood of Green- 
field, Ct., Dec. 30, 1.840. 

Pickering, C. W., Lieut. U. S. N., and 
Mary P., daughter o{ John Stevens, 
Esq., of Boston. 

Underiiill, Henry B., teacher in Qua- 
boag Seminary, Warren, and Hariuej ie 
T. Fisk of Athol, Feb. is. 

Washuurne, J. W., Esq., of Osage Prai- 
rie, Arkansas, and Miss Susan C. 
Ridge, a Cherokee, Jan. 27. 



DEATHS. 

Abbot, Jacob, Esq., Farmington, Me., 
Jan. 21, a. 70. He was the father of the 
Abbots, whose writings are so generally 
diffused. 

Alexander, Quarttus, Hartlaml, Vt., 
Feb. 28, a. SO, a Revolutionary pen- 
sioner. 

Andrews, Mrs. Joanna, Gloucester, Jan. 
20, a. 102. She was probably the oldest 
person in the State. 



Ir 



Arwr.LL, Cai'T. Zachariau, Lynn, a. G7. 

He commanded a vessel at the age of 24, 

crossed the Atlantic 70 times, and never 

lost a mast or a man. 
Briggs, William, Esq., Charlestown, N. 

H., Jm\. 27, 1847, a. 74, D. C. 1799. 

Attorney. 
Buck, Dr. Ephraim, Jun., Boston, Feb. 

13, a. 33. 

Clark, Mas. Elma II., Fryeburg, Me, 
Feb. 9, wife of Rev. William Clark. 
Gen. Agent A. B. C. F. M. 

Coe, Rev. Daniel, Winstead, Ct., Jan. 11. 

Davis, Hon. John, LL. ])., Boston, Jan. 

14, a. SO, II. C. 1781, Judge of the Dist. 
Court U. S. 

Dawks, Rev. Howland, of Windsor, 
In Lynn, Y. C. 1835. 

Eveletii, Joseph, Esq., Salem, Feb. 3, a. 
91. 

Eastman, Luke, Esq., Lowell, Feb., a. 
57, D. C. 1812. Attorney. 

Edson, Dr. Alexander, New York, Feb. 
13, a. 12, of inflammation of the lungs, 
known as the "Living Skeleton,' 1 and 
a brother of the celebrated Calvin Ed- 
son. 

Ellsworth, Timothy, Esq., East Wind- 
sor, Ct., Jan. 5, a. G9« 

Fisk, John, Esq., Middletown, Ct., Feb. 

15, a. 70. He was Town Clerk fifty 
years, Treasurer twenty-four, and Clerk 
of the County and Supreme Court about 
the same time. 

Ford, Zelotes, M. D., Maiden, N. Y., 
Feb. 13. a, 44, W. C. 1825. He was an 
Elder in a Presbyterian ebb. 

Fisher, Erenezek, Jl'.n., Esq., of con- 
sumption, Dedharn, Jan. 4, a. 5s, more 
than twenty years Cashier of Dedharn 
Bank. 

Gair, Samuel Stillman, Esq., Liver- 
pool, Eng., Feb., son of Rev. Thomas 
Gair, the fourth pastor of the Baldwin 
Place Chh., Boston. He was connected 
in business with the house of Baring, 
Brothers ^ Co. 

Gay, Mrs. Martha, Med way, Dec. 31, 
184G, widow of the late Willard Gay, 
Esq., of Dedham, President of the Bank, 
and daughter of the late Rev. Dr. Em- 
mons o[ Franklin. 

Geoimje, John, Esq., Georgia, Jan. 27, a. 
30, 1). C. 1S3S. Attorney. 

Oilman, Hon. Natii a n i el, Exeter, N. IL, 
Jan y>, a. SS. He had been a Represent- 
ative and Senator in Gen. Court and 
State Treasurer. 
























' 









19S 



Marriages and Deaths. 



April 



Cm. man, Dit. Joski'ii, Wells, Me., Jan. 4, 

a. 75. He was the eldest son of Kev. 
Tristram Gilrnan of North Varmouth, 
Me., and had been President of the 
Maine Medical Society, and Dea. of tlie 
Cong. Clih. for more than thirty years. 

Greenwood, Francis W., Cambridge, 
March 13, a. 21, II. C. IS IS, and member 
of the Law School. He was a son of 
the late Rev. F. W. P. Greenwood, D. 
D., of Boston. 

Hallock, Mrs., Steubenville, 0., March 
9, wife o.f lion. Jeremiah II. Hallockand 
only daughter of the late Rev. Dr. Bas- 
sett of Hebron, Ct. 

II ass. viM). Ui: v.Sam i; el, Great Barrington, 
Jan. 13. V. C. 1820, Rector of the Epis- 
copal chh. in that town. 

Hill, Mrs. Hannah, Ashburnham, March 
1, a. 75, mother of Ex- Gov. Hill of New 
Hampshire. 

Holland, Dr. Abraham, Walpole, N. 11., 
ab. March 1, a. 90, J). C. 177 l J. It is be- 
lieved that no other graduate of the col- 
lege ever lived to so great an age. 

Ilr.N ii:r, Gen. Sir Martin, Anton's Hill. 
Canada, a. S9. He was the last of the 
British oliicers that survived the battle 
of Bunker Hill. 

Johonnet, Mai. Oliver, Boston, Jan. 27, 
a. 67. 

Kim hall, Hon. Jesse, Bradford, Ms., 
Dec. 19, a. 51. He had been a Senator 
in Gen. Court, and a Dea. of the Cong. 
Chh. for more than twenty years. 

Miller, Col. Jonathan P., Montpelier, 
Vt., Feb. 17, a. 50. Pie was well known 
for his services in the Greek Revolution. 

Newton, Hubbard, Esq., Newport, N. 
IP, Feb. 1 5, a. 07, D. C. ISO 1. Attorney. 

Odtorne, Hon. George, Boston, Dec. 1, 
IS 10, a. 82, a merchant. While engaged 
in business at Maiden he fell and in- 
stantly expired. He had been a Senator 
in General Court, an Alderman of the 
city, four years Cashier of one Bank and 
ten years President of another. 

Oim.lv, David W., Rsq., Smyrna, Asia 
Minor, Nov., 1S4G, U. S. Consul at that 
place. 

Olcott, Mrs. Charlotte A., Meriden, 
La., Nov." 28, IS10, a. 39,/wife of Hon. 
Edward R. Olcott, and daughter of the 
late Thomas Bums, Esq., of Gilmanton, 
N. H. 

Page, Mrs. Harriette E., of Houlton, 
Me., Jan. 24, a. 2 1. She was the wife of 
George P. Page, daughter of the late 
Judge Thaeher of 'Phomaston, Me., and 
granddaughter of the late Maj. Gen. 
Henry Knox. 

Park, Rev. Calvin, D. D, Stoughton, 
Jan. 5, a. 72. Dr. Paik filled the offices 
of Tutor and Professor, B. U. about 25 
years, and in 1827 he became pastor of 
the Cong, chh. in Stoughton. 



Pi.Ar.ony, Hon. Stephen, Amherst, N. 
IP, Jan. 19, a. C4. Attorney. 

Pond, Rev. Enoch, .Ui, Bucksport, Me., 
Dec. 17, IS 40, a. 20, B.C., h:;s. He was 
a son of Rev. Dr. Pond of Theo. Sem'y, 
Bangor, ami Colleague Pastor with the 
Rev. Isaac Braman, Cong. chh. George- 
town. 

Porter, Mrs. Fidelia Dwight, New 
Voile, Jan. 22, of apoplexy, a. 70. She 
was the willow of the late Jonathan Ed- 
wards Porter, Esq., of Hadley, the daugh- 
ter of Timothy ami Mary Dwight, a sis- 
ter of President Dwight of Vale College, 
and a descendant in a direct line from 
Thomas Hooker, the fust minister in 
Hartford, Rev. James Pierpont of New 
Haven, and the first President Edwards. 

Reed, Elizabeth P, at the Abbot Semi- 
nary in New York, Jan. 20, a. 10, young- 
est daughter of Dr. Alexander ilacd of 
New Bedford. 

Robbins, Mrs. Piuscilla A., Enfield, 
Ct., Dec. 21, IS 40, a. G'J, wife of Rev. F. 
L. Robbins. 

Robertson, Dr. Ashbel, Wethersfield, 
Ct., Feb. 18, a. 00. 

Rockwell, Dr. Alonzo, Wethersfield, 
Ct., Feb. 11, a. 10. 

Rogers, Rev. Timothy F., Bernardston, 
Jan. 28, a. 06. H. C. 1802. 

Root, Gen. Eras i is, Delhi, N. Y., a. 73, 
D. C. 1793, had been a Rep. to Con- 
gress and Lieut.- Gov. of New York. He 
died at the city of New York, on his 
way to Washington, D. C. 

Safford, Dea. William, Salem, Feb. 27, 
a. I'l. 

Sawyer, Aaron Flint, Esq., Nashua, 
N. IP, Jan.- 1, a. 07, J). C. 1S04. 

Si: wall, Mrs. Auk; ail, Boston, a. SO, 
relict of the late Chief-Justice Sewall. 

SiiEiuiURNE, Jonathan, Portsmouth, N. 
H., Jan. 3, a. S9, D. C. 1776. 

Sr-ARiiAWic, Dr. George, Walpole, N. H., 
a. 09, II. C. 1777. He was one of the 
original members of the New Hamp.shiie 
Medical Society, and the last survivor, 
except Dr. Green of Dover, N. H., who is 
the oldest graduate of Harvard College 
still living. 

Steele, George Henry, Nov. 15, 1846. 
He was son of Jason Steele, Esq., of 
Chelsea, Vt., D. C. 1S45, a member of 
the Dane Law School, II. II, and died 
at Cambridge. 

Stevens, Dr. Morrill, St. Johnsbury, 
Vt., March 4, brother of Hon. Thaddeus 
Stevens of Pennsylvania. 

Vermont, Michael, Shutesbury, Vt., 
March 5, a. ab. ]()(), a Canadian. 

Whitman, Dea. Eleazer, East Bridge- 
water, Dec. 3, IMG, a. 01. 

Willis, Rev. Zeimianiah, Kingston, 
March 0, a. 90. II. C. 177S. The last 
survivor of his Class. 



t 
1847.] Notices of New PMicalhas. 199 

NOTICES OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 

The Massachusetts Slate Record (not Year Book of General Information. 1 s Vt . 
11 Human ami mortal although we are, we are nevertheless not mt re insulated it- 
ings, without relation to the past or future. ;" — Daniel Weiistek. Boston : 
Published by James French, 78 Washington Street, is 17. 

This is the fust volume of a -new work, and is intended to be on Annual, it will 
aim, •' 1. To give annually the names of the State, County and Town OHicers, and, in 
connection therewith, to note the objects and results of our Stale Legislation. 2. To 
develop the principles of the Institutions of the Commonwealth by gi\ inj» their objects 
and results. 3. To set forth the kind and extent of business pursued by the inhabi- 
tants, including the learned professions. 1 To represent the social, moral, and physi- 
cal condition of the people, as connected with their pursuits and recreation. 5. To 
exhibit the mutual relations of society, and to embody the results of the combined 
action of all in relation to external objects, with a view to the high destiny of man."' 

The plan of the work is copious and judicious, and the due execution of it will 
require study, labor, and exactness. The present volume, which embraces two hun- 
dred and eighty pages, is printed on good paper with fair type, and is well bound. It 
contains a great quantity of matter, interesting and useful, and its historical character 
will render it none the less so. The editor we doubt not will exert himself to make 
the work deserving of public patronage. 

Biographical Sketches of the Moody Family; embracing notices often Ministers 
and several Laymen, from 1633 to 1842. 

11 Just men they were, and all their study lent 
To worship God aright, and know his works 
Not hid ; -nor those things last, which might preserve 
Freedom anil peace to manP 

By Charles C. P. Moody. Boston : Published by Samuel G. Drake, No. 
56 Cornhill. 1847. 

This l?mo volume of 1GS pages, besides the introduction, contains a brief account of 
Rev. Joshua Moody, Portsmouth and Boston; Rev. Samuel .Moody, Newcastle. N. H., 
and Falmouth, Me. ; Rev. Samuel Moody, pastor of the First Church in York, Me. ; 
Rev. Joshua Moody, Star Island. N. II.; Rev, Joseph Moody, pastor of the Second 
Church in York, Me.; Joshua Moody, Esq., Portland, Me.; Dr. Samuel Moody, Port- 
land, Me.; Rev. John Moody, New Market, N. II.; Rev. Amos Moody, Pelham, N. II.; 
Mr. Enoch Moody, Portland, Me; Dea. Benjamin Moody, Newburyport; Rev. Samuel 
Moody, Principal of Diimmer Academy; Rev. Silas Moody, Arundel, Me.; Mr. Paul 
Moody, Wallham and Lowell; Stephen Moody, Esq., Gilmanton, N. IT.; Joseph 
Moody, Esq., Kennebunk, Me.; Rev. Eli Moody, Granny, Ms.; and a List of all the 
Graduates at the New England Colleges by the name of Moody, in number 39. The 
united ages of the seventeen persons noticed in these sketches amount to 1,142 years, 
averaging 07 years to each — the eldest being 82, and the youngest 50 years. Mr. "Wil- 
liam Moody the principal progenitor of the name in New England, came, according to 
the most authentic accounts, from Wales, England, to Ipswich in 1033, and removed to 
Newbury with the first settlers in 1635. While this work is atlectingly serious, some 
portions of it partake of the character of novelty. No one can read the notices of 
Rev. Joshua Moody of Portsmouth and Boston, and of- 1 Father Moody," "Handkerchief 
Mood)'," and " Master Moody,'' as they were called, without being deeply interested. 
We hope the volume will meet with a ready sale, and be perused with spiritual benefit. 

A Sermon* delivered at Plymouth on the twenty-second of December, IS 16. By 
Mark Hopkins, I). D., President of Williams College. Boston: Tress of T. R. 
Marvin, 24 Congress Street. 1847. 

The text on which this discourse is based is contained in Matt, xxiii.: 8. "And 
all ye are brethren." 

After the exordium and stating what is indicated in that far-reaching annunciation 

* This Discourse makes the forty-ninth discourse or address delivered on these Anniver- 
sary occasions. 



200 Notices of New Publications. [April. 

of the text, And all ye are brethren, the President says, "Columbus 6ought a passage 
to the Indies, and God revealed to him the whole rounded inheritance which he creat- 
ed in the beginning, and intended for the use of civilized man. Our Fathers sought 
for religious freedom, and God led them on to the practical recognition oftho.se princi- 
ples laid down by Christ in accordance with which alone man can obtain that political 
and social and moral inheritance of which his nature is evidently capable, and which 
we believe God intended for him." The term brethren indicates equality and affection, 
and these must form the basis of a perfect society. This proposition Dr. Hopkins 
shows is sanctioned by the Scriptures, and is in accordance with the nature q{ man. 
Having proved and illustrated the proposition, he urges upon the descendants of the 
Puritans to adopt this and this alone as the basis of our institutions, and to carry out 
this great principle of brotherhood. We conclude the notice of this appropriate and 
excellent discourse, by quoting the closing address: "And now, my friends, is rot the 
star of hope which we see in this direction, a beautiful star 1 It is no meteor of a fer- 
vid imagination, or of a false philosophy. It is that great idea of a universal Christian 
brotherhood, pointed out by Christ, not in the text only, but everywhere, as an inher- 
ent part of his system. This star our Fathers saw, and is it any wonder, that under its 
inspiration and guidance, they should come across the ocean ''. Lite) ally they found a 
landing here, but figuratively, the vessel which they launched is yet upon the deep, the 
multitude of their descendants is on board, and we too catch glimpses of the same 
bright star above the troubled waters. It may be that this vessel is not destined to 
reach the port. We hear moanings of the tempest, and see aspects of the elements 
which lead us to tremble for her. But where the bright image of this star has once 
fallen, it can never be effaced. This is our star. To it let the prow of our vessel be 
turned. Let every man be at his post, never ashamed of the plain rigging of his good 
ship, but always hearing that voice of duty, and of the God of our Fathers, which will 
speak above the roar of every tempest; and then if our ship must go down, the will of 
God be done. But then she will not go down. Then the hand, which guided the May- 
flower, will guide her. Then will there be One on board, as we believe there always 
has been, who, though he may seem for a time to be asleep in the hinder part of the 
ship, will yet come, when the winds are loudest, and the waves are highest, and ?ay, 
i Peace, be still.' " 

The Connecticut Register : Being an official State Calendar of public officers 
and institutions in Connecticut, for 1847. By Charles W. Bradley, Jr., clerk in 

the office of the Secretary of State. u Vineam transtulisti. ejecisti gentes et 

plantasti earn. Dux itineris fuisti in conspectu ejus; plantasti radices ejus, et 
implevit terrain. Operuit monies umbra ejus, et arbusta ejus cedros Dei. 
Extendit, palmites suos usque ad mare, et usque ad llumen propagines ejus." 
— Ps. lxxx. Hartford: Published by Brown & Parsons, Corner of Main and 
Asylum Streets. 

This volume of 224 pages 16mo, well printed and bound, for a work of the kind, em- 
braces much more Historical and Statistical matter than is usual in such publications; 
as the chapter which contains the Annals of Conrecticut, the Patent and Charter of 
the Colony, Indian topographical names till now never extensively collected, list of 
Colonial olficers, and dates of town and court incorporations. The dilficulty which has 
heretofore existed in tracing out genealogies from the records of the Mortuary Courts, 
is in part obviated by the table of their territorial changes. The author, connected as 
he was, with the records of the State, possessed peculiar advantages in preparing 
the work The Register contains all the above articles in addition to those which 
have generally been inserted in its predecessors. It is a valuable book, and should be 
in the hands of every family in the State. 



rCP* We regret that we have not room to notice other interesting publications 
which wo have received. We shall give notices of them in the next number of 
the Register. 



NEW ENGLAND 
HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER. 

VOL. I. JULY, 1847. NO. 3. 



MEMOIR OF GOVERNOR ENDECOTT* 

It is now upwards of two centuries and a quarter since the des- 
potic sway of the English Sovereigns over the consciences of their 
subjects, induced all who entertained different sentiments from those 
of the established church, to turn their eyes towards the wilderness 
of America, as an asylum from the unnatural persecutions of the 
Mother Country. 

With this in view, some of the principal men among those who 
had already sought a refuge in Holland, commenced treating with 
the Virginia Company, and at the same time took measures to ascer- 
tain whether the King would grant them liberty of conscience should 
they remove thither. They ultimately eifected a satisfactory arrange- 
ment with the Company, but from James they could obtain no 
public recognition of religious liberty, but merely a promise, that if 
they behaved peaceably he would not molest them on account of 
their religious opinions. 

On the 6th of September, 1620, a detachment from the Church 
at Leyden set sail from Plymouth for the Virginia territory, but 
owing to the treachery of the master,! they were landed at Cape 
Cod, and ultimately at Plymouth, on the 11th day of December 
following. Finding themselves without the jurisdiction of the Vir- 
ginia Company, they established a distinct government for them- 

* This Memoir is an abstract, (taken by permission,) of a "Memoir of John Endecott, 
First Governor of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, by Charles M. Endicott, a descendant, 
of the seventh generation ;" — a work well prepared, and handsomely printed in folio form, 
containing- 11(3 pages, and just issued from the press, solely for the private use of the family. 
Our Memoir will be introduced with a few preliminary remarks, and, occasionally, will be 
interspersed with passages respecting the early history of the country. 

t See Morton's New England Memorial. The Planter's Plea notices the event as rather 
the effect of accident from the prevailing winds, than any design on the part of the master. 

13 



202 Memoir of [July, 

.selves. In the year 1624, the success of this plantation was so favor- 
ably represented in the West of England, thai the Rev. John White, 
a distinguished minister in Dorchester, prevailed upon some mer- 
chants and others to undertake another settlement in New England. 
Having provided a common stock, they sent over several persons to 
begin a plantation at Cape Ann, where they were joined by some 
disaffected individuals from the Plymouth settlement. This project 
was soon abandoned as unprofitable, and a portion of the settlers 
removed westward within the territory of Naumkeag, which then 
included what is now Manchester. By the intercession and great 
exertions of Mr. White, the project of a settlement in that quarter 
was not altogether relinquished, but a new company was soon 
afterwards formed. One of this company, and the principal one to 
carry its objects into immediate effect, was the subject of this Memoir. 
He was in the strictest sense of the word a Puritan, — one of a sect 
composed, as an able foreign writer has said, of the " most remark- 
able body of men which perhaps the world has ever produced. 
They were men whose minds had derived a peculiar character from 
the daily contemplation of superior beings and eternal interests. 
Not content with acknowledging in general terms an overruling 
Providence, they habitually ascribed every event to the will of the 
Great Being for whose power nothing was too vast, for whose in- 
spection nothing was too minute. To know him, to serve him, to 
enjoy him, was with them the great end of existence. They rejected 
with contempt the ceremonious homage which other sects substitu- 
ted for the homage of the soul. On the rich and the eloquent, on 
nobles and priests, they looked down with contempt; for they es- 
teemed themselves rich in a more precious treasure, and eloquent 
in a more sublime language ; nobles by the right of an earlier crea- 
tion, and priests by the imposition of a mightier hand." 

John Endecott, whose name is so intimately associated with 
the first settlement of this country, and with whose early hi.-tory his 
own is so closely interwoven, that, in the language of the late Rev. Dr. 
Bentley,'^ "above all others he deserved the name of the Father of 
New England," was born in Dorchester, Dorsetshire, England, in 
the year 158S. He was a man of good intellectual endowments 
and mental culture, and of a fearless and independent spirit, which 
well fitted him for the various and trying duties he was destined to 
perform. Of his early life, and private and domestic character, little 

* Letter to the elder Adams, anions live MSS . of the Massachusetts lli>i>>ru-;il Society 



1847.] Governor Endecott. 203 

is known; neither arc we much better informed as to his parentage, 
except that his family was of respectable slanding and moderate 
fortunes. He belonged to that class in England called esquires, or 
gentlemen, composed mostly at that period of the independent laud- 
holders of the realm. With the exception, therefore, of a few lead- 
ing incidents, we are reluctantly obliged to pass over nearly the 
whole period of Mr. Enclecott's life, previous to his engaging in the 
enterprise for the settlement of New England. History is almost 
silent upon the subject, and the tradition of the family has been but 
imperfectly transmitted and preserved. Ifis letters, the only written 
productions which are left us, furnish internal evidence that he was 
a man of liberal education and cultivated mind. There are proofs 
of his having been, at some period of his life, a surgeon;^ yet, as 
he is always alluded to, in the earliest records of the Massachusetts 
Company, by the title of Captain, there can be no doubt whatever 
that at some time previous to his emigration to this country, he had 
held a commission in the army; and his subsequently passing 
through the several military grades to that of Sergeant Major-Gen- 
eral of Massachusetts, justifies this conclusion, while the causes which 
led to this change in his profession cannot now be ascertained. 

While a resident in London, he married a lady of an influential 
family, by the name of Anna Gouer, by whom, it is understood, he 
had no children. She was cousin to Matthew Cradock, the Gov- 
ernor of the Massachusetts Company in England. If tradition be 
correct, the circumstances which brought about this connection were 
similar to those which are related of John Alden and Miles Standish. 
Some needle-work, wrought by this lady, is still preserved in the 
Museum of the Salem East India Marine Society.f Mr. Endecott 
was also a brother-in-law of Roger Ludlow, Assistant and Deputy 
Governor of Massachusetts Colony, in the year 1634, and afterwards 
famous for the distinguished part he took in the government of 
Connecticut. 

But Mr. Endecott's highest claim to distinction rests upon the fact 
that he was an intrepid and suecessful leader of the Pilgrims, and 
the earliest pioneer of the Massachusetts settlement under the Patent. 
His name is found enrolled among the very foremost of that noble 
band, the fathers and founders of New England — those pious and 
devout men, who, firm in the faith of the gospel, and trusting in 

*The Rev. Mr. Felt has recently found among some papers at the State House, Boston, 
a bill made out in ( Jov. Endecott's own hand-writing, an«l presented to the General Court, lor 
the curt.- of a man committed to his care. He there styles himself" Chirurgeon." 

t Deposited there by (J. 3M. Endicott, Esq., in lb'2b. ' 



204 Memoir of [July, 

God, went fearlessly forward in the flaring enterprise, and hewed 
their homes and their altars out of the wild forest, where they could 
worship "the God of their fathers agreeably to the dictates of their 
own consciences." Such was the persecution to which the Non-con- 
formists in England were at this period subjected, that the works of 
nature were the only safe witnesses of their devotions. Deriving no 
honor, so far as we know, from illustrious ancestry, Mr. Endccott 
was the architect of his own fame, and won the laurels which encircle 
his name amid sacrifices, sufferings, and trials, better suited to adorn 
an historical romance, than to accompany a plain tale of real life. 

Under the guidance and influence of the Rev. Mr. Skelton, he 
embraced the principles of the Puritans; and in the beginning of 
the year 1628, associated himself with Sir Henry Roswell, Sir John 
Young, Simon Whetcomb, John Humphrey, and Thomas Southcoat, 
in the purchase of a grant, " by a considerable sum of money," for 
the settlement of the Massachusetts Bay, from the Plymouth Council 
in England. This grant was subsequently confirmed by Patent 
from Charles I. Mr. Endeeott was one of the original patentees, 
and among the first of that company who emigrated to this country. 
Whatever may have been the objects of the first settlers generally 
in colonizing New England, there can be no doubt that his was the 
establishment and enjoyment of the gospel and its ordinances, as 
he supposed, in primitive purity, unmolested. With him it was 
wholly a religious enterprise. 

He sailed from Weymouth, in the ship Abigail, Henry Gau- 
den, master, on the 20th of June, 162S, and arrived in safety at 
Naumkeag, the place of his destination, on the 6th of September 
following. The company consisted of about one hundred planters. 
The following extract from " Johnson's Wonder- Working Prov- 
idence " will illustrate the estimation in which he was held at this 
period. "The much honored John Indicat came over with them, to 
govcrne; a fit instrument to begin this Wildcrnessc-worke; of cour- 
age bold, undaunted, yet sociable, and of a cheerfull spirit, loving 
and austere, applying himselfe to either as occasion served. And 
now let no man be offended at the Author's rude Verse, penned of 
purpose to keepe in memory the Names of such worthies as Christ 
made strong for himselfe, in this unwonted worke of his. 

"John Endicat, twice Co re mar of the English, inhabiting the 
Mattachitsets Bay in N. England. 

" Strong valiant John, wilt thou march on, and take up station first, 
Christ cal'd hath thee, his Souldier be, and faile not of thy trust ; 



1847.] Governor Endecott. 205 

Wilderness wants Christs grace supplants, then pla nt liis Churclies pure, 
AVith Tongues gifted, and graces led, help thou to his procure; 
Undaunted tliou wilt not allow, Malignant men to wast: 
Christs Vineyard hecre, whose grace should cheer his well-beloved's 

tast. 
Then honored be, thy Christ hath thee their General promoted: 
To shew their love in place above, his people have thee voted. 
Yet must thou fall, to grave with all the Nobles of the Earth. 
Thou rotting worme to dust must turn, and worse but for new birth." 

To this company, under Endecott, belongs the honor of having 
formed the first permanent and legally recognized settlement of the 
Massachusetts Colony. We do not say that they were \he first white 
men who ever trod the soil ; for we know when Endecott landed 
on these shores, he found here a few fishermen and others, the rem- 
nant of a planting, trading, and fishing establishment, previously 
commenced at Cape Ann, under the auspices of some gentlemen 
belonging to Dorchester, his native place, but soon abandoned for 
want of success. Their leader, the Rev. John Lyford, had already 
emigrated to Virginia, and those of that company who removed 
their effects to Salem, consisted at that time of some live or six per- 
sons, most of whom were seceders from the settlement at Plymouth. 
They were, however, only sojourners, disaffected with the place, 
and requiring all the Interest and entreaties of the Rev. John White, 
a noted minister in Dorchester, to prevent them from forsaking it 
altogether, and following Mr. Lyford to Virginia.^ But higher mo- 
tives and deeper purposes fired the souls and stimulated the hearts 
of Mr. Endecott and his friends to commence a settlement, and 
to form new homes for themselves and their posterity in this wil- 
derness, before which the mere considerations of traffic and gain 
sink into comparative insignificance. It was the love of religion 
implanted deep in the heart, that gave impulse and permanency to 
the settlement at Naumkeag, and the Massachusetts Colony gener- 
ally; and the commencement of this era was the arrival of Endecott 
with the first detachment of those holy and devout men who valued 
earthly pursuits only so far as they were consistent with religion. 
It was also at this period that a sort of definite reality was imparted 
to this region. Previously to this it had been viewed as a sort of 
terra incognita, situated somewhere in the wilderness of America. 
But the arrival of the Pilgrims at this time dispelled the uncertainty 
in which it had before been wrapped, and at the same time threw 

* Perhaps Roger Gunant ami iwo or throe others, in some respects, might have been 

exceptions. 



206 Memoir of [July, 

around it the warmest sympathies and most earnest solicitude of 
large numbers who had now become deeply interested in its welfare. 
We, therefore, consider the landing of Endecott at this'place, as em- 
phatically the commencement of its permanent settlement, as an 
asylum for the persecuted and oppressed of the Mother Country. All 
previous visiters were comparatively adventurers, with motives and 
purposes widely different from those of that little band who first rested 
upon this spot on the 6th of September, 1()"2S. On that day, so 1o 
speak, was breathed into the settlement of Naumkeag the breath of 
life, and it became as it were endued with a living soul, folding within 
its embrace the dearest interests and most cherished rights of hu- 
manity, unrivalled in the interest she will ever excite as the most 
ancient town in the Massachusetts Patent. 

On Mr. Endecott's arrival, he made known to the planters who 
preceded him, that he and his associate patentees had purchased 
all the property and privileges of the Dorchester partners, both here 
and at Cape Ann. He shortly after removed from the latter place, 
for his own private residence, the frame house, which a few years 
before had been erected there by the Dorchester Company. It was 
a tasteful edifice, of two stories high, and of the prevailing order of 
architecture at that period, called the Elisabethean, which was but 
of slight remove from the Gothic. Some of its hard oak frame may 
still be found in the building at the corner of Washington and 
Church streets, Salem, commonly known at this day as the "Endi- 
cott House." 

The alteration which now took place in the affairs of the infant 
colony did not meet with favor from the first planters, and for a 
while prevented perfect harmony from prevailing in the settlement. 
" One of the subjects of discord was the propriety of raising tobacco, 
Mr. Endecott and his council believing such a production, except 
for medicinal purposes, injurious both to health and morals." Be- 
sides this, they probably viewed with no favorable eye the agree- 
ment in sentiment between Mr. Endecott and the Plymouth 
Church as to the propriety of abolishing the ritual forms of worship 
of the Church of England; for an adherence to which they had 
already been obliged to leave the Plymouth settlement. Mr. En- 
decott represented these difficulties to the home government; and 
in answer to his communication they say, " That it may appear 
as well to all the worlde as to the old planters themselves, that we 
scke not to make, them slaves, as it seems by your letter some of 
them think themselves to be become by means of our patent, ihcy 



1847.] Governor Endecott. 207 

arc allowed to be partakers with us in all the privileges we have 
with so much labor and intercession obtained from the King; to be 
incorporated into the society, and enjoy not only those lands which 
formerly they have manured, but such a further proportion as the 
civil authorities think' best." They were also allowed the exclusive 
privilege of raising their favorite weed — tobacco. 

The Company's Court in London, actuated by that true sense of 
justice which ever marked its deliberations, were determined not to 
trespass on any of the rights of the aborigines; and to this purpose 
in their first two communications to Mr. Endecott, they desired 
him to take especial care, "that no wrong or injury be offered by 
any of our people to the natives there," and to satisfy every just 
claim which might be made by them to the territory o( Naumkeag 
and the plantation generally. To this record the sons of the Pil- 
grims have ever turned with peculiar pride and exultation. And, 
says Felt, "From his well-known promptitude and high sense of 
equity, there can be no doubt that Mr, Endecott fulfilled every iota 
of such instructions." In his first letters to the home government, 
he suggested various things to advance the interests of the Colony ; 
sucli as the manufacture of salt, cultivation of vineyards, sending 
over fruit-stones and kernels, grain for seed, wheat, barley, and rye; 
also certain domesticated animals; all of which were shortly after 
transported to this country. 

The answer to this letter bears the date of April 19, 1629, 
wherein they inform him, that the Company "are much enlarged 
since his departure out of England," and for strengthening their 
grant from the Council at Plymouth, they had obtained a con- 
firmation of it from his Majesty by his Letters Patent, under the 
broad seal of England; incorporating them into a body politic, with 
ample powers to govern and rule all his Majesty r s subjects that 
reside within the limits of their plantation; and that, in prosecution 
of the good opinion they have always entertained of him, they 
have confirmed him Governor of the Colony. No adventitious 
circumstances of fortune or birth aided him in his appointment to 
this, even then responsible office; for although the Colony was at 
this time few in numbers and feeble in eflbrt, yet in its success 
were involved the most momentous interests, and every thing de- 
pended upon the right impulse and direction being given to its 
affairs. In the words of the Record, " having taken into (\uv con- 
sideration the uicritt, worth, and good desert of Captain John Ende- 
cott, and others lately gone over from hence, with purpose to lesyde 



20S Memoir of [July, 

and continue there, wee have with full consent and authorise of 
this Court, and ereecon of bands, chosen and elected the said Cap- 
tain John Endecott to the place of present Governour of said Plan- 
tation." They further speak of the confidence they repose in him, 
in thus committing the affairs of the Colony into his hands. Gov. 
Cradock also compliments him upon his motives and conduct; and 
the Company inform him, that they are disappointed of the pro- 
visions ordered to be sent for himself and Mrs. Endecott, but (God 
willing,) they purpose to send them by the next vessel. It is also 
believed that at this time Mr. Endecott ordered the fruit-trees, which 
afterwards constituted his orchard upon the farm granted him in 
163:2, of which one venerable patriarch, the celebrated old pear-tree, 
yet remains, having withstood the "pcltings of pitiless storms" for 
upwards of two hundred winters, and still dropping down its rich 
fruit into the bosoms of his distant descendants. 

In a second letter, dated the 23th of May following, the Compa- 
ny remark: "Wee have sithence our last, and according as we 
there advised, at a ///// and ample Court assembled elected and es- 
tablished 'you, Captain John Endecott, to the place of present Gov- 
ernour of our Plantation there, as also some others to be of the 
Council with you, as more particularly you will perceive by an 
Act of Court herewith sent, confirmed by us at a General Court 
and sealed with our common seal." 

The model of the Government established by this " Act of 
Court," consisted of a Governor, and twelve persons as a Council, 
styled " The Governour and Council of London's Plantation 
in the Mattachusetts Bay in New England." They were to 
elect a Deputy-Governor, for the time being, from among their 
number; were authorized also to choose a Secretary and other 
needful officers. They were empowered to fill vacancies in their 
body, occasioned by death or otherwise. The Governor, or in his 
absence the Deputy, might call Courts at pleasure, and they had 
power to establish any laws not at variance with those of England ; 
"to administer justice upon malefactors, and inflict condign pun- 
ishment upon all offenders." To make an act valid, the Governor 
or his Deputy was always to vote with the majority. A form of 
oath was sent over at this time to be administered to Mr. Endecott 
as Governor, and one also for the other officers of the government. 
lie took the oath and was inducted into oilice. Here, then, we 
conceive, is direct and incontrovertible testimony that Endecott was 
appointed the first Governor of Massachusetts under its Colonial 



1847.] Governor Endecott. 209 

Charter from the King. It is so stated by Joselyn, Hutchinson, 
and Prince, lie received the Charter, and the documentary evi- 
dence of his constitutional authority as Governor, both at the same 
time. To Mr. Endecott was given, to act under it, all the pow- 
ers which his immediate successors ever exercised. They were con- 
ferred upon him too, by the same body who subsequently elected 
Mr. Winthrop to that office. The abolishment of the bpard of 
control in England, and the transfer of "the government of the 
plantation to those that shall inhabit there," and instead of choosing 
the Colonial Governors in Old England by members of the Compa- 
ny there, to choose them by members of the same Company who 
were in New England, could not weaken the validity of his claim 
to be considered \\\a first Governor of the Massachusetts Colony. 

It was well for Mr. Endecott that he possessed an ardent and 
sanguine temperament, which nothing could daunt, otherwise the 
innumerable discouraging circumstances which met him in this, his 
new abode, in every form, amid sickness, death, and privations of 
every kind, well suited to appal the stoutest hearts, would no doubt 
have wrought their effects upon him, to the prejudice of the whole 
plantation. But such was the energy and firmness of his character, 
aided, no doubt, by a religious enthusiasm, which induced the be- 
lief that it was the purpose of God to give them the land of the 
heathen as an inheritance, that neither his faith nor confidence in 
the ultimate success of the undertaking ever for a moment forsook 
him. In every crisis, this little band looked to him, as the weather- 
beaten and tempest-tossed mariner looks to his commander, next to 
God, for encouragement and support; and they did not look in vain. 
Such was the great mortality among them, during the first winter 
after their arrival, arising from exposure to the rigors of an untried 
climate, and their being badly fed and badly lodged, that there were 
scarcely found in the settlement well persons enough to nurse and 
console the sick. To enhance their distress, they were destitute 
of any regular medical assistance. In this painful dilemma a mes- 
senger was despatched by Mr. Endecott to Gov. Bradford, of the 
Plymouth settlement, to procure the necessary aid ; and Doctor 
Samuel Fuller, the physician, who was a prominent member and 
deacon of the Plymouth Church, was sent among them. During his 
visit, Mr. Endecott was called by Divine Providence to suffer one ol 
the heaviest of earthly afflictions, in the death of his wife, the partner 
of all his sorrows, who had forsaken home, kindred, and the sympa- 
thy of friends, and consented to share with him the cares and pri- 



210 Memoir of [July, 

vations incident io a new settlement. Surrounded by savagesj and 
from the circumstances of the ease, placed in a great degree beyond 
the pale of civilized society, her sympathy and counsel must neces- 
sarily have been very dear to him. She must have entwined herself 
about his affections, as the tender ivy winds itself round the lordly 
oak. Her slender and delicate frame was not proof against the 
rigors of a New England climate. Born and nurtured in the midst 
of luxury and case, six 1 could not withstand the privations and 
hardships of her new home, and she fell a victim to her self-sacrific- 
ing disposition. Painful indeed must have been the parting, and 
severe the trial to Mr. Endccott. Under the influence of the feel- 
ings which this afllietion produced, he wrote the following letter 
to Gov. Bradford : — 

"Right Worshipfulle Sir, — 

" It is a thing not usual that servants of one Master, and of the same 
household, should be strangers. I assure you I desire it not; Nay, to 
speak more plainly, I cannot be so to you. God's people are all marked 
with one and the same mark, and have ("or the main one and the same 
heart, guided by one and the same spirit of truth; and where this is 
there can be no discord, nay, here must needs be a sweet harmony; 
and the same request with you, I make unto the Lord, that we as 
Christian brethren be united by an heavenly and unfeigned love, bind- 
ing all our hearts and Corcc^ in furthering a work beyond our strength 
with reverence and fear, fastening our eyes always on Him that is only 
able to direct and prosper all our ways. I acknowledge myself much 
bound to you, {'or your kind love and care in sending Mr. Fuller amongst 
us, and rejoice much that I am by him satisfied, touching your judg- 
ment of the outward form of God's worship: It is as far as I can gather 
no other than is warranted by the evidence of truth, and the same 
which I have professed and maintained ever since the Lord in mercy 
revealed himself unto mee, being far from the common report that hath 
been spread of you in that particular; but (rod's people must not look 
for less here below, and it is a great mercy of God that he strengthen- 
ed them to go through it. I shall not need at this time to enlarge 
unto you tor (God willing) I propose to see your face shortly; in the 
mean tyme, I humbly take my leave of you, committing you to the 
Lord's blessing and protection, and rest. 

Your assured loving friend, Jo: Endecott. 

Naumkeag, May 11, 1G2 ( J." 

The foregoing epistle is alike honorable to the head and heart of 
Mr. Endecott. Humble, devout, and chastened feelings pervade it 
throughout. It speaks a mind sensibly alive to religious impressions. 
The sentiments here expressed cannot fail to find a response in the 
hearts of all reflecting men, in this and succeeding generations. 
The magnitude of the undertaking in which they were engaged, tin; 



1817.] Coventor Endecott. 21 L 

necessity of union in their efibrts, and ihc impopiibility of success 
without direct divine assistance, are here represented in language 
appropriate and devout. 

Whether Mr. Endecott earried into execution his design intimated 
in this letter, of making (lov. Bradford a visit "shortly," is uncertain. 
On the k 27th of May, 1629, in a communication to the authorities at 
home, he complained that some persons in his jurisdiction disre- 
garded the law of 1622, for the regulation of trade with the Indians, 
and "desiring the Company would lake the same into their serious 
consideration, and to use some speedy means here for reformation 
thereof." A petition was in consequence presented to the King, 
who in compliance therewith issued a new proclamation, forbidding 
such disorderly trading. These steps were no doubt taken in refer- 
ence to the associates of one Thomas Morton, whose residence at 
Mount Wollaston, or Merry Mount, now Quincy, he visited shortly 
after his arrival in this country. This man and his associates had 
alarmed all the well-disposed settlers, from Piscatacpia to Plymouth, 
by selling arms and ammunition to the Indians, indulging them- 
selves in dissipation, and otherwise endangering the peace and 
welfare of New England. The object of Mr. E.ndecott's visit was 
to rectify abuses among the remaining confederates, Morton himself 
having been already apprehended, and sent home to England (or 
trial. He went there, we are told, "m the "purefying spirit of author- 
ity," and caused their May-pole to be cut down, to which they had 
been in the habit of affixing pieces of satirical composition against 
those who opposed their wishes and practices, and "rebuked the in- 
habitants for their profancness, and admonished them to look to it 
that they walked better." He also changed the name of the place, 
and called it Mount Dagon. The precise period of this visit is not 
known, and it is not improbable that Mr. Endecott extended his 
journey at the time to Plymouth Colony. However this may be, 
a warm friendship soon grew up between Gov. Bradford and him- 
self, which continued without interruption for the remainder of 
their lives. 

As yet no steps had been taken in the Colony towards the estab- 
lishment of a reformed Church for propagating the gospel, which 
they professed above all to be their aim in settling this Plantation. 
June 30th, 1629, the Rev. Francis TTigginson arrived at Naumkcag, 
and the Rev. Mr. Skelton, the early friend and spiritual father of 
Mr. Endecott, arrived about the same time. They had been sent 
over by the home government. Mr. Iligginson thus speaks of his 



212 Memoir of [July, 

reception by Mr. Endecotl : " The next morning (30th) tlio Gov- 
ernor came aboard to our ship, and bade us kindly welcome, and 
invited mee and my wiffo to come on shore and take our lodgings 
at his house; which we did accordingly." The settlement, we are 
told, then consisted of "about hall' a score of houses, with a fair house, 
newly built, for the Governor. We found also abundance of come 
planted by them, very good and well liking. Our Governor hath a 
store of green pease growing in his garden, as good as ever I eat in 
England. #._-.#,#.# Our Governor hath already planted a 
vineyard, with great hopes of increase; also mulberries, plums, rasp- 
berries, currants, chesnuts, filberts, walnuts, small nuts, hurtleberries, 
and haws of white thorn, near as good as our cherries in England 
— they grow in plenty here." 

Shortly after the arrival of Mr. Iligginson and Mr. Skelton, the 
necessary measures were taken preparatory to the settlement of a 
religious congregation in accordance with the views of the Puritans. 
In this they were aided by Mr. Endecott, and the most intelligent of 
the colonists. Having first concluded a satisfactory form of church 
government and discipline, which was submitted to Mr. Endecott 
for approval, the 6th of August, 1629, just eleven months after 
his arrival, was the time selected for this "little band of devout Pil- 
grims to enter into solemn covenant^ with God and one another, 
and also for the ordaining of their ministers." By Mr. Endecott's 
order, a solemn day of " humiliation" had been held on the 20th of 
July preceding, for the choice of pastor and teacher. An important 
step was about to be taken — a new priesthood was about to be 
established — all allegiance to, or alliance with, any other church on 
earth was about to be dissolved ! It was a subject of momentous 
concern with the Colonists, and called into exercise all their moral 
heroism and spiritual courage. Mr. Bradford, the Governor of the 
Plymouth Colony, came here by sea, and arrived just in season to 
give the right hand of fellowship. Of all that little band, gathered 
together on this occasion, none felt a deeper interest, or took a more 
responsible part, than the subject of this Memoir, j 

* See Covenant, p. 224. 

t The Rev. Mr. Upham, in his Dedication Sermon, in 1S2G, thus speaks of him : "John 
Emleeott, (a man, who to the qualities which have rendered him illustrious, as an effectual 
leader of colonization, as a gallant soldier, as a skillful statesman, added a knowledge of the 
Scriptures, and a devout piety, which will ever hallow his memory,) early in the year lti'J ', 
before the formation of this church, wrote to Gov. Bradford respecting a conference he had 
held with a gentleman sent to him from Plymouth, (Dr. Fuller,) on the subject of church insti- 
tution and government. In this letter we find no acknowledgment of any other authority in 
such a matter than his own private judgment, and no desire expressed, or attempt exhibited, 
to force his judgment upon others."' The letter here referred to is the one already cited, oj 
May 11, lt;2'J. "'-The standard,'' >ays Mr. Upham, "by which Mr. Endecott made up his 
judgment in this matter, was certainly no oilier than the standard ol Protestantism — the 
Scriptures, as they were opened to his understanding." 



1847.] Governor Endecott. 213 

"We now approach an important event in the history of the Colo- 
ny — the removal of its entire government to New England. Gov. 
Cradock, with whom the idea appears to have originated, acquainted 
the Proprietors, at a meeting of the Court, July 2S, 1629, that, for the 
purpose of advancing the interests of the Plantation, and inducing 
and encouraging persons of worth and quality to transport them- 
selves and their families thither, as well as for other weighty reasons, 
it was proposed to transfer the entire government to this country, 
and continue it no longer in subjection to the Company in England. 
Soon after this communication, an agreement to that effect was 
drawn up at Cambridge, and among those who signed it was their 
future governor, John Winthrop. It was one of the stipulations that 
they should settle their affairs so as to be ready for the voyage hither 
by the first of March. This appears to have been the first connec- 
tion Mr. Winthrop had with the settlement of this soil. On the 29th 
of August following, at a meeting of the Court of Proprietors, in 
London, this change in the government was decided upon. On the 
16th of October, at another meeting of the Court, it was conceived 
"fitl that Capt. Endecott continue the government there, unless just 
cause to the contrarie." But on the 20th of the same month, Gov. 
Cradock informed the Proprietors that in accordance with the altera- 
tion of the government now about to take place, it was necessary to 
elect a new Governor, Deputy, and Assistants; when John Winthrop 
was put in nomination, and unanimously chosen Governor. In like 
manner, John Humphrey was chosen " Deputy- Governor," and Sir 
Richard Saltonstall, Matthew Cradock, John Endecott, with fifteen 
others, were chosen a board of "Assistants." 

On the 12th of June, 1630, the ship Arbella, Capt. Milburne, hav- 
ing on board Gov. Winthrop and company, and a duplicate 
Charter of the Colony, of the same tenor and form as Gov. Ende- 
cott's, arrived at Naumkcag, having sailed from Cowes March 29. 
Mr. Endecott, who had already been apprized that he was shortly 
to be superseded in the Governorship of the Plantation, repaired on 
board to welcome the new Governor, and offer him and his friends 
the hospitalities of his house. Among the distinguished personages 
were Isaac Johnson and his wife, the Lady Arbella, daughter of the 
Earl of Lincoln. Speaking of Mr. Endecott's visit, Gov. Winthrop 
says, " Wee that were of the Assistants and some other gentlemen 
and some of the women, returned with him to Nahumkeck, where 
we supped on good venison pastry and good beer." At the time of 
the arrival of the new Governor, wholesome and salutary laws for 



£14 Memoir of [July, 

the government of the Colony had beea instituted by Endeeott, 
under the authority given hirn by the Charter, and the settle- 
ment had already assumed the condition of a well-organized and 
regulated body politic. A church, with faithful ministers, which 

they professed to value above all temporal interests {\\\i\ earthly 
grandeur, had also been established, and the wheels of government 
wen; moving on harmoniously, upon a safe and sure foundation. 
Under this state of things, Endeeotl now surrendered the civil power 
into the hands of Gov. Winthrop, and took upon himself the more 
humble appointment of one of the Assistants. Yet "the principles of 
Winthrop's administration," says the Annalist of Salem, " were like 
those which had directed the course of his predecessor. The com- 
mencement of legislation, which was to have an important part in 
promoting social freedom, that has spread and is spreading in the 
world, began at Naumkeag, under Endeeott, and was continued by 
his worthy successor." 

Soon after the arrival of Gov. Winthrop, the new settlers began 
to be dissatisfied with Salem, as the capital of the Colony. It did 
not combine, in their opinion, sufficient advantages of location, soil, 
and natural means of defence. A party, therefore, was sent to ex- 
plore the country westward, to discover, if possible, some more 
suitable situation. It had been the darling object with Endeeott to 
make Salem the seat of government ; he, however, bowed in sub- 
mission, and continued his efforts to advance the common weal. 

On the ISth of August, 1G30, Gov. Endeeott entered into a new 
matrimonial alliance with Elisabeth Gibson of Cambridge, England. 
This lady probably came over in the ship with Gov. Winthrop, and 
the marriage ceremony was performed by him and the Rev. Mr. 
Wilson, afterwards pastor of the first church in Boston. This con- 
nection appears to have been a happy one, although there was a 
much greater disparity in their ages than prudence and judgment 
would seem to allow — the diJl'erence being about twenty-six years. 

Such was his ardent and growing attachment to the place of his 
adoption, that when it was decided in December, 1G30, to fortify 
Newton, now Cambridge, for the seat of government, and to build 
houses, and move their military stores to that place next spring, he 
could not be prevailed upon to quit his accustomed residence. All 
the members, except himself and .Air. Sharp, who was about return- 
ing to England, agreed to do so; but Mr. Endeeott excused himself 
upon the ground that he had so formed his connections in Salem, 
that it would be attended with great inconvenience. 



1817.] Governor Endecott. 215 

On the 3rd of July, 1632, the Court of Assistants granted Mr. 
Endecott throe hundred acres of land, called by the Indians in Eng- 
lish, " Birch wood," .afterwards known as his "Orchard Farm.'' It 
was situated between two and three miles in a northerly direction 
from the main settlement at Salem, upon a tongue of land bounded 
on the north, south, and east by rivers, or mure properly inlets of the 
sea, and on the west by the main land. Even at that early period, 
it was one of the most, desirable situations in that vicinity. Though 
at some distance from the place which was afterwards selected for 
the seat of the government, and where the Court House was erected, 
yet he was in the centre of the population, being by land nearer to 
the shores than he was to the cultivated farms around him. It was 
many years after he established himself at this beautiful place, so 
near all the streams which passed through tin; adjacent country, 
before any incorporation separated Salem from the Merrimack. 
For twenty years Salem bounded on Andover. The spot then was 
the best he could have chosen. On a commanding eminence, which 
overlooked the country for some distance around, and about one 
eighth" of a mile from one of the inlets, he built his house, and com- 
menced in earnest the cultivation of his farm. Although the plough- 
share has frequently passed over it, yet part of the cellar of this house 
is plainly discernible at the present day. It is a romantic situation, 
and denotes him to have been a man of much discrimination and 
taste in matters of this kind. On his farm he lived in a sort of feu- 
dal style, surrounded by his servants. 

In front of his mansion house, and immediately upon the south- 
ern slope of a gentle declivity, he planted his far-famed orchard, 
which gave the name to his farm. The tradition that the Governor 
always pointed out his dial, which bears the date of 1G80, as denot- 
ing the age of his orchard, seems to indicate that the trees were 
removed hither from his town residence. Here, too, it is said, he 
introduced, for medicinal purposes, as well as ornament to his 
garden, the " white-weed," which has since become so detrimental 
to the hay-fields of our farmers. 

His usual mode of transporting himself and family to and from 
this place, was at first by water, and he was as often visited by his 
friends in this way, as in any other. The inlet before the mansion 
house had nothing to interrupt it — the passage was open to the bay, 
and at that early period must have been delightfully romantic. The 
shores on cither side thickly clothed with wood, whose dark images 
were reflected in the still waters beneath them, were picturesque in 





















; 


















216 Memoir of [July, 

the extreme. The bold jutting headlands, on some parts of the 
passage, lent a sublimity to the prospect, which was continually 
varying by the winding and circuitous course of the stream.^ 
There was nothing to break the stillness, or disturb the quiet which 
reigned around, save the dashings of their own little boat amid the 
waters, or the heavy plunge of some lordly sea-bird, in his gyratory 
wanderings in pursuit oi' prey. The smoke from the humble and 
solitary wigwams of the Indians, thinly scattered along the margin 
of the waters, with an occasional glimpse at their tawny inhabitants, 
as they stealthily watched the passing boat from their leafy hiding- 
places, or listlessly reclined under the shadow of some wide-spread- 
ing oak, heightened the effect, and diversified the scene. Within 
the last half-century, the ruins of some of these wigwams might 
have been seen,f and could not have failed to excite most melan- 
choly rellections respecting the wretched fate of these natural lords 
of the soil, throughout our vast country. 

August 2, 1634, Mr. Endecolt was called to mourn the death of 
his early and particular friend, the Rev. Mr. Skelton, who had be- 
come endeared to him as his spiritual guide, in first opening to his 
view (he way of truth while in England, and who had followed 
him to this country to counsel and direct him in paths of piety and 
happiness. This event must have been to him a severe aflliction. 

About this time a Military Board of Commissioners, with almost 
unlimited powers, was established by the General Court, and Mr. 
Endecott was appointed one of its members. 

On the ISth of September, this same year, the Colony was thrown 
into consternation, and alarmed for its liberties, by the news from 
England, that a commission had been granted to two Archbishops, 
and ten others of the Council, conferring on them the authority to 
regulate the Plantations of New England ; to establish and main- 
tain the Episcopal Church in this country; to recall its Charter; 
remove its Governors; make its laws; hear and decide its legal 
cases ; and appoint its punishments, even death itself.J Intelligence 
was also received at the same time, that a new Governor was being 
secretly conveyed to Massachusetts, with orders which, if executed, 
would prostrate all its civil and ecclesiastical rights. Gov. Cradock 
had already informed them that the King's Council had demanded 

* " Kcrnwood," the summer residence of Francis Peabody, Esq., is situated on the borders 
of this stream, and for beauty of location is not surpassed in that part of the country. 

t Charles M. Endieott, Esq., distinctly recollects his visiting, when quite a hoy, one of these 
ruins on the borders of this stream, situated in the midst of a locust grove, in the vicinity of the 
1 Endecott Burying- Ground.' 

t Mass. Hist. Coll., l.,iv.,p. ll'J. 



LSI' 



Governor ErulccotL 



*J17 



their Charier. Such was the universal anxiety this news awakened, 
that the idea of resistance appears immediately to have possessed 
the minds of the inhabitants,^ and the fortifications were hastened 
forward, and an assessment laid of an additional rale of live hundred 
pounds for defence. These tidings were received with indignant 
feelings by Mr. Endecoit. He saw by. this step that all their dear- 
bought privileges, purchased at such immense sacrifices, which none 
conhl better appreciate than himself, were about to he violently, as 
with a ruthless despotism, wrested from them. His independent 
spirit could not quietly brook such high-handed infringements upon 
their chartered rights, and he resolved in all the affairs of the Colony, 
in which he had any .-hare or influence, to pursue that course which 
he deemed most for her interests, whether it led him over plains or 
mountains, through flowers or thorns. There was exhibited in his 
actions, on all occasions, a fortitude, which shows him formed for 
great emergencies. Probably under the influence of feelings pro- 
duced by this intelligence, and excited by that ardent zeal which 
marked his character through life, he shortly after (ait the red cross 
from the King's colors, deeming it a relic of Popish idolatry. This 
bold and daring act was considered an insult, as well to the estab- 
lished Church of England, as to the King himself; and the Colony 
dared not refrain from taking cognizance of it, lest it should call 
down upon their heads the vengeance of the whole British hierarchy. 
There is ample evidence in the records of the Colony, thai most of 
the principal men, including Coventor Winthrop,j agreed with him 
on this subject, in sentiment and feeling. " The only difference 
between him and others was, he manifested his opinions by his acts, 
while they, with more prudence and safety, retained theirs in secret.*' 
Had it not been for fear of the consequences, instead of being cen- 
sured, his conduct would have been openly applauded. His bold- 
ness of action was made known in England, and looked upon there 
in the light of rebellion. [{ was the first blow struck' in defiance of 
royal authority, and would no doubt have cost Air. Endeeott his life, 
had it not been for those troubles which were then beginning to 
gather thickly, like a tempest, about the devoted head of the unfortu- 
nate Charles I., and which eventually burst upon it with a fury which 
nothing could resist, involving in its course the ruin of his govern- 
ment, and the destruction of his own life. The sword, with which 



#The General CoufI, in January, Ll").'>f>, unanimously agreed, thai if such a liovernor should 
come to tins country, the < ulonisLs ou^hl to resist his authority, and maintain their rights. 

1 The very next \'e;u\ oiilv two oi tlie Cumcil. \ ane and I hulley, would consent lo. spread 
the Kiiiff'a colors even in the fort, ouaeeount of tlie ero>s m them.— Wi.tttnop.s .fan, .. \o\. I , 

p. ls'j. 

11 





















, 












218 Memoir of .[July, 

this rebellious act is said to have been performed by Mr. Endecott, 
has been preserved, and is now in possession of one of the family, 
to whom it has descended in direct line, by right of primogeniture. 
It is a plain, unornamented rapier, emblematical of the Puritan sim- 
plicity of our Forefathers. 

While these events were passing in this country, the Puritans in 
England were experiencing the most unmitigated persecution, at 
the hand of Archbishop Laud and his confederates. As their num- 
bers increased, the various modes of punishment were multiplied ; 
exorbitant fines were imposed ; the pillory witnessed bloody 
scenes of human agony and mutilation; the scaffold and dungeon 
had their victims; the lash, the shears, and the glowing iron were 
most cruelly applied to individuals of this proscribed sect.^ But 
the faith of the Puritans rose superior to oppression, and could not 
be overcome. The most bloody persecution served only to add 
new converts to their cause. 

In 1G36, Mr. Endecott was appointed an Assistant, and was also 
sent on an expedition against the Indians on Block Island and in the 
Pequot country, he acting as General of all the forces in the detach- 
ment. During this year his views relative to the cross in the King's 
colors triumphed over all considerations, and the Military Commis- 
sioners ordered it to be left out. On the ensigns at Castle Island, 
in Boston harbor, they substituted the King's arms for the cross. 

During the year 1641, Mr. Endecott was chosen Deputy-Govern- 
or, and was continued in office for the two succeeding years. He 
was also appointed one of a committee to dispose of all lands or 
other property belonging to the company at Cape Ann ; and was 
commissioned by the Court, in conjunction with two others, Mr. 
Downing, the brother-in-law of Gov. Winthrop, and Mr. Hathorne, 
to procure the transcription of nineteen copies of the laws, liberties, 
and forms of oaths, and to subscribe them with their own hands, 
the Court having decreed that no copies should be considered au- 
thentic which were without their signatures. 

In 1642, he was chosen one of the Corporation of Harvard College. 

Passing over some minor things in the life of Governor Endecott, 
we arrive at the year 1644, when his increasing influence and pop- 
ularity ensured his election as Governor, and Mr. Winthrop was 
chosen Deputy-Governor. The claim of Salem to be made the seat 
of government, was now again revived, and it would be fair to infer 
from his well-known attachment to the place, that the project met 

* Neat's History of the Puritans, Vol. II., chap. 5 






























. 


















1847.] Governor Endecott. 219 

with his hearty cooperation. But the eflbrt was not successful, and 
Boston still continued to be the capital. The Governor's salary 
was one hundred pounds. 

During this year of his administration, improvements in the mode 
of transacting business in the Legislature were introduced. The 
Magistrates and Deputies, for the first time, now held their sessions 
apart, and it required the concurrence of both bodies, to make an 
act valid. The office of a speaker to the Deputies was also thi. 
year ordained, and filled by an Essex man, Mr. William Hathorne. 

The conflicting claims of D'Aulney and La Tour, iwo' French- 
men at Acadia, which had produced considerable excitement, were 
finally settled during this year, by the government of France sup- 
porting the claim of D'Aulney. His deputy came to Boston, and 
concluded a treaty with Gov. Endecott, which was subsequently 
ratified by the Commissioners of the United Colonies of New 
England. 

The year following, (1645) Mr. Endecott was succeeded as Gov- 
ernor by Mr. Dudley. Other offices of honor and trust, however, 
awaited him. He was this year appointed Sergeant Major- General 
of Massachusetts, the highest military office in ihe Colony. He had 
previously held a commission of Colonel in the first regiment formed 
in Salem, Saugus, Ipswich, and Newbury, in 1636, when John 
Winthrop, Jr., son of the Governor, was his Lieutenant-Colonel 
He was also elected an Assistant, and one of the United Commis- 
sioners. 

In 1648, he was continued an Assistant, Sergeant Major- General, 
and Commissioner for the Province. 

Upon the death of Governor Winthrop, which took place on the 
26th of March, 1649, at the age of 61, Mr. Endecott was again chosen 
Governor, to which office he was annually elected, until the time of 
his death, with the exception of ihe years 1650 and 1654, when he 
held that of Deputy-Governor. This was an eventful period in the 
history of the Colony, as well as of the Mother Country. The vio- 
lent death of Charles I., the usurpation of Cromwell, and ihe resto- 
ration of the Stuart family, took place while he was at the head of 
public affairs. The difficulties and perplexities of his situation 
during this period were very great. But all his public acts were 
marked with a moderation and wisdom which do honor to him as 
an experienced statesman. Had he possessed less inlegrily or firm- 
ness, had his mind been at all vacillating, the consequences might 
have been uTeclingly disastrous to the best interests of the Colony. 



220 Memoir of [July, 

In the year L652, under his administration, a mint was estab- 
lished in the Colony, for coining shillings, six-pences, and three- 
pences. No other of llle American Colonics, it is believed, ever 

presumed to coin metal into money. Though unlawful, it was 
passed over by Cromwell and the Parliament, and continued after 
the Restoration, for more than twenty years. 

About the year 1655, Gov. Endecott removed from Salem to 
Huston, upon the request of the General Court that he would do so, 
•'if his own necessary occasions would permit." Although the rea- 
sonableness of this request must have been apparent to him, tin; step 
could not have been taken without strong feelings of repugnance. 
It must have been a severe struggle for him to have separated him- 
self from the place of his adoption, towards which he had ever felt 
and exhibited the most ardent attachment. His residence in .Bos- 
ton was on the beautiful lot lately owned and occupied by Gardner 
Green, now Pemberlon Square.^ 

Governor Endecott had now (10-~>7) entered upon his seventieth 
year, with a shattered constitution, and health seriously impaired, as 
We learn by the following letter to Mr. John Lcverett, the Colonial 
Agent in England. 

Sir, 

I cannot write unto you by a more faithful friend! than I have done, 
who is able at large, to relate to you how tilings in general stand here. 
And that doth save nice some labour which at this tyme is a favor to 
luce. For in the extremity of heate and after a long sickness, I am 
very faint; not titt to doe any thing, yet J cannot but by these heartilie 
salute you in the Lord, giving you many thanks for what you sent me. 
For all good newes is welcome to us as you know full well. Yet I 
cannot for the present answer your expectations touching Road Island 
and Clarke and Holmes, but 1 have acquainted the rest of the Magis- 
trates with your letter, who were already to gather up sufficient testi- 
monie to prove what you spoke to the Protector, and enough to satisfy 
(we doubt not) your opponent, if lie be a lover of truth. Only we 
would have the General Court act with us therein, which will not 
meet till September next, when I hope I shall procure a full answer 
to your former and last letters. 

What the end is of that point of State to make the Protector King, 
I cannot fathom it; unless their prollering and his dcniall thereof in- 
gratiate him the more in the hearts of the people. The Lord in mercie 
guide all to his glory, and the good of those commonwealths over 
whom he hath sett hiui If there he any opporlunilic I pray you write 
mee a word about it, and other occurrences that may fall out. ] can- 
not be suilicicntlie thankefulle for what you wrote me last. Great 

* Snow's History of Boston. 

I This "faithful friend " was none other than Mrs. Lcverett, the wife of the Agent. 



LS 17.] Governor Endecott. 221 

motions there arc in the world which the Lord direct and turn to lii.^ 
glorie, tlie overthrow of his enemies -and the peace and welfare uf his 
own people. Which is the prayer of Sir, 

Your veric lov.eing friend -d\\d servant, Jo: End-ecott. 

Boston, the 29th 4th mo., (June,) IG'37. 

During the principal part of Gov. Endecolt's administration, and 

particularly from 1655 to L660, the Colony, '-under his prudent and 
equal government," made rapid progress in all things necessary to 
its respectability and importance. Its population and wealth rapidly 
increased; its trade flourished; and its foreign intercourse became 
every day more widely extended. Free admission was allowed to 
vessels of all nations, and the importations of all commodities was 
subject to no incumbrance or restraint. The Colony look no notice 
of any act respecting navigation, or other laws made in England 
for the regulation of trade. They were never recognized as in 
force here, unless required by their own legislature. 

In 1658, the Court granted Gov. Endecott) "for his great service, 
the fourth part of Block Island." At this time he was also elected 
President of the body of Colonial Commissioners. He now held 
the double oilice of ( rovernor of Massachusetts and President of the 
United Colonies. 

His conduct towards the aborigines, that much abused and in- 
jured people, was always marked with forbearance, lenity, and mild- 
ness. To his eldest son John, the Indians in L6G0 gave a tract of 
land, which grant he applied to the Court to confirm. The Court 
declined taking such power on itself; but at the same time, how- 
ever, it passed the highly complimentary resolve: 

The Court, "considering the many kindnesses which were shown 
the Indians by our honored Governor in the infancy of these Plan- 
tations, for pacifying the Indians, tending to the common good of 
the Planters; and in consideration of which the Indians were 
moved to such a gratuity unto his son, do judge meet to give the 
petitioner four hundred acres of land." 

Though Governor Endecott removed from Salem to Boston in 
1655, yet neither he nor Mrs. Endecott removed their connection 
with the Salem church, until November, JGG1. A large and bril- 
liant comet made its appearance on the 17th of November of thi.- 
year, and continued to the 4th of February following. It was the 
general belief of that period, that comets were omens of great evil. 
One appeared just before the death of that distinguished divine, 
the Rev. John Cotton ; and the death at this time of their aged 



222 Memoir of ' i [July, 

Governor, and the troubles with which the Colony met the next 
year from the King's Commissioners, Hutchinson informs us, tend- 
ed to confirm the people in their opinion. 

We are told that "old age and the infirmilies thereof coming 
upon him, he fell asleep in the Lord on the 15th of March, 1665," 
at the age of 77, " and was with great honour and solemnity inter- 
red at Boston," on the 23rd of the same month. His death was 
easy and tranquil. Tradition has handed down the fact, that the 
; ' Chapel Burying-Ground " was the place of his interment. But 
, the exact spot is not now known. No stone marks the resting- 
place of this intrepid Father of New England.^ Yet his name 
alone will ever be a monument to his memory, more enduring than 
marble, and as imperishable as the granite hills of his adopted 
country. 

Gov. Endecott came to this country in 1628, at the age of 40, 
and died in 1665, at the age of 77. During these thirty-seven years 
he was nearly all the time in public life, and for about seventeen 
years, or nearly half the whole period, he was Governor of the 
Colony. He was longer at the head of the administration than 
any other Governor of Massachusetts. 

He was a man of highly respectable natural talents, good educa- 
tion, a zealous Puritan, a brave man, a decided patriotic republican, 
a friend of learning and religion, a lover of God and his country. 

We frankly acknowledge that the conduct of Gov. Endecott in 
the religious intolerance of his day, may be considered a stain upon 
his escutcheon. Yet, while we admit that those severe measures 
which were adopted, especially when contrasted with the present 
unrestrained exercise of religious freedom in our country, were great 
blemishes on his administration, we think they certainly ought not 
to be regarded as such on his moral character. It was not the cause 
of religion alone, which was thought to be endangered by the dis- 
semination and triumph of such principles as were then advanced ; 
but the overthrow of all civil government was looked upon as the 
ultimate result. Besides, the whole responsibility and obloquy of this 
dark page in our early history, should not be thrown upon him True, 
he was the official organ through which was carried into effect the 
established laws of the Colony, and vox populi was believed to be 
vox, Dei. But so far as he was individually concerned, we think 
his motives were pure and elevated, and that all his actions were 



* According to tradition, his tombstone was in a good state of preservation down to the 
conuii ncjontonl of the American Revolution, when il wus with many others destroyed by 
the 13 ish soldiers, at the time they occupied Boston. 






- 





















1847.] Governor Endecott. VZ4 

based upon principle. Wilhont doubt he partook largely of the 
prevailing prejudices of the day; and the wild spirit of fanaticism 
found in him a strenuous and energetic opponent. But we hold 
that all men should be judged according to the light of the age in 
which they live, and the influences with which they are surrounded. 
In this dread of unlimited toleration he was not alone ; it was the 
prevailing temper of the times, and the errors in this respect, in 
which he shared in common with the wise and good of his day, 
arose rather from an error in judgment than any obliquity of heart. 
It has been remarked by a recent writer, that "Governor Endecott 
was undoubtedly the finest specimen to be found among our Gov- 
ernors of the genuine Puritan character, — of a quick temper, which 
the habit of military command had not softened, — of strong re- 
ligious feelings, moulded on the sterner features of Calvinism ; 
resolute to uphold with the sword what he received as gospel truth, 
and fearing no enemy so much as a gainsaying spirit." " He was 
a very virtuous gentleman," says Secretary Morton, " and was 
greatly beloved of the most, as he well deserved." " In his public 
and private relations," says the Annalist of Salem, " he was a man 
of unshaken integrity. For my country and my God, was the 
motto inscribed upon his motives, purposes, and deeds. That he 
had his imperfections, there is no doubt ; but that he exhibited as 
few of them under his multiplied duties, as the most excellent men 
would in his situation, is equally correct. His many exertions for 
the prosperity of Salem, and his ardent attachment to it, should im- 
press his name and worth upon the hearts of its inhabitants, so long 
as its existence continues."- 

Thus lived and thus died, one of the principal founders and firm- 
est pillars of New England. 

At his decease he left a widow and two sons. The elder son left 
no children; — the younger was a physician, and resided in Salem. 
He was twice married ; and a family of five sons and five daughters 
survived him. His second wife was Elisabeth, daughter of Govern- 
or Winthrop, and widow of the He v. Antipas Newman of Wenham. 

There exists a perfect genealogy of the Governor's family, so far 
as relates to his descendants in New England We hope to pub- 
lish it in our next number. 

The Governor, and all his descendants, to the third generation. 
(1724,) spelt their names Endecott; since then an i has been substi- 
tuted for the e in the second syllable. 

Then; is an original portrait ol the Governor in possession of one 









. 









, 












224 First Church Covenant. [July, 

of the family, taken the year he died. By this we learn that his coun- 
tenance was open, energetic, and independent, possessing much 
individuality of expression, and in perfect harmony with the char- 
acter of the man. According 1o the custom of the age, he wore 
mustaches, and a tuft of hair upon his chin. The miniature likeness 
which accompanies this Memoir was engraved from this portrait, and 
is considered an excellent resemblance, and was presented by the 
family to the New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, 
at their solicitation. 

Note. The Charter posesssed by Gov. Endecott, and which is now in the Salem Athen- 
feuni, and the Charter possessed by Gov. Winthrop, and which is now in the State House, 
Boston, appear to be duplicate original Charters, provided for in the Charter itself, and neither 
of them copies. They are precisely alike in all respects — the same in phraseology and chi- 
rography, and the same in dales. Each Governor was elected and commissioned by the same 
Company, and by the same Colony, acted under the same Charter, with the same authority, 
and each alike entitled to the official designation of Governor, whether he was elected Gover- 
nor by the Company in London, or by the Colony here, for both were elected Governor by each. 



ORIGINAL COVENANT OF THE FIRST CHURCH IN SALEM* 

We Covenant with our Lord, and one with another; and we do bind 
ourselves in the presence of God, to walk together in all his ways, ac- 
cording as lie is pleased to reveal himself unto us. in his blessed word 
of truth; and do explicitly, in the name and fear of God, profess and 
protest to walk as followeth, through the power and grace of our Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

We avouch the Lord to be our God, and ourselves to be his people, 
in the truth and simplicity of our spirits. 

We give ourselves to the Lord Jesus Christ, and the word of his 
grace, fur the teaching, ruling, and sanctifying of us in matters of wor- 
ship and conversation, resolving to cleave unto him alone for life and 
glory, and to reject all contrary ways, canons, and constitutions of men, 
in his worship. 

We promise to walk with our brethren, with all watchfulness and 
tenderness, avoiding jealousies and suspicions, back-bitings, censurings, 
provokings, secret risings of spirit against them; but in all offences to 
follow the rule of our Lord Jesus, and to bear and forbear, give and for- 
give, as he hath taught us. 

In public or private, we will willingly do nothing to the offence of 
the church ; but will be willing to take advice for ourselves and ours, as 
occasion shall be presented. 

We will not in the congregation be forward, either to show our own 
gifts and parts in speaking or scrupling, or there discover the weakness 
or failings of our brethren ; but attend an orderly call thereunto, know- 
ing how much the Lord may be dishonored, and his gospel and the 
profession of it slighted, by our distempers and weaknesses in public. 

We bind ourselves to study the advancement of the gospel in all 
truth and peace, both in regard to those that are within or without; no 
way slighting our sister churches, but using their counsel as need shall 
be; not laying a stumbling-block before any, no, not the Indians, whose 
good we desire to promote; and so to converse as we may avoid the 
very a] oearance of evil. 

* ' .,i> fMiiirnli (i\us fiiml in Mnasnnluifltilta Tnlnnv \ wns nsliihlishcd Anir R. Ifl9f). 



1847.] Heraldry. 225 

Wo do hereby promise to carry ourselves in all lawful obedience to 
those that are over us, in Church or Commonwealth, knowing how 
well-pleasing it will be to the Lord, that they should have encourage- 
ment in their places, by our not grieving their spirits through our irreg- 
ularities. 

We resolve to approve ourselves to the Lord in our particular callings, 
shunning idleness as the bane of any state; nor will we deal hardly n 
oppressingly with any, wherein we are the Lord's stewards; 

Promising also unto our best ability to teach our children and ser- 
vants the knowledge of God, and of his will, that they may serve bun 
also; and all this not by any strength of our own, but by the Lord 
Christ, n-hose blood we desire may sprinkle this our Covenant made 
in His Name. 



HERALDRY. 

In preparing this article we have consulted various writers o»i 
the subject of Heraldry, and not only selected our thoughts from 
theirs, but used their language when it appeared best adapted to 
our object. For a more full account of Heraldry in all its branches, 
we refer our readers to Guillim's Banner Displayed, Camden s 
British Remains, Kent's Grammar of Heraldry, Edmonson's Com- 
plete Body of Heraldry, Leigh's Accidence of Armorie, Playfair's 
British Baronetage, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, Noble's His- 
tory of the College of Arms, Lower's Curiosities of Heraldry, 
Dallaway's Inquiries, Newton's Display of Heraldry, Broun's Bar- 
onetage, Collins's Peerage of England, Betham's Baronetage of 
England, and the various Encyclopaedias. 

DEFINITION. 

Heraldry is the science of conventional distinctions impressed 
on shields, banners, and 01 her military accoutrements ; or it is the 
art of armory and blazoning, or the knowledge of what relates to 
the bearing of arms, and the laws and regulations appertaining 
thereto. Arms in heraldry are ensigns armorial or marks of honor 
borne upon shields, banners, and coats of mail, in order to distinc- 
tion. The science of Heraldry consists particularly in the appropri- 
ation of figurative representations, designed, by suitable emblems, *o 
exhibit the achievements of valor, the descent of hereditary honors, 
and the distinctions appertaining to nobility. 

The Degrees of Honor existing in England in 1597, were nine ; 
of which live were noble, as Gentleman, Esquire, Knight, Baron, 
and Lord ; and four were excellent, as Earl, Marquess, Duke, and 
Prince. — The Degrees of Honor exisling in the British nation in 
1847 are eleven; namely, Gentleman, Esquire, Knight, Baron, Bar- 
onet, Lord, Viscount, Earl, Marquess, Duke, and Prince. 

ORTOIN AND HISTORY. 

Am \ may belong to individuals, to families, or to countries. 



926 Heraldry. [July, 

Badges and emblems on shields and helms occurred in ihc earliest 
limes. In Numbers, (chap, i : fr2,) the children of Israel are en- 
joined to pilch their tents, ''every man by his own camp and every 
man by his own standard," with the ensigns of his father's house. 
The Greek and Roman poets speak- of paintings and devices on 
shields and helmets. These symbols were, moreover, hereditary. 
Thus Xenophon relates that the kings of tin? Medes bore a golden 
eagle on their shields. Suetonius asserts that Domitian had a 
golden beard for his coat of arms; and Tacitus says of the ancient 
Germans, that they marked their shields with brilliant colors, and 
that certain standards were borne before them in battle. Notwith- 
standing these traces of armorial bearings in the ancient world, our 
heraldry is no older than the tournaments. That armory first 
became common and regulated by certain rules at these solemn 
festivals, is corroborated by the following reasons. In the first place, 
we find no tomb or monument with escutcheons, older than the 
eleventh century. The most ancient monument of this kind is 
said to be the bearings of a certain Yarmond, count of Vasserburg, 
in the church of St. Emmeran. at Ratisbon. The shield is coupe 
of argent and sable; over it is a lion, with the words "■Anno Domini 
MX." On most of the other tombs, even of the eleventh century, 
no arms are found ; and the use of them seems to have first become 
common in the twelfth century. The first pope who can be proved 
to have had a coat of arms is Boniface VI U., who filled the papal 
see from \:l\)[ to L303. All the earlier papal arms are the fanciful 
inventions of later flatterers. On coins, also, no armorial ensigns 
are found till the thirteenth century. A second proof of our 
assumed origin of coats of arms is the word blason, which denotes 
the science of heraldry in French, English, Italian, and Spanish. 
This word has most probably its origin in the German word blasen ) 
(to blow the horn:) for whenever a new knight appeared at a tour- 
nament, the herald had to sound the trumpet, and, because all 
appeared with close visors, to proclaim and explain the bearing of 
the shield or coat, of arms belonging to each. Because this was 
performed by the herald, this knowledge was called heraldry ; and 
because, in doing so, he blew the trumpet, it was called blazoning 
the, arm*. That this was a prevailing practice at tournaments, may 
be proved from the po-try o( the Troubadours of the twelfth and 
thirteenth centuries. Thence it came, that those knights, whose 
right to appear at tournaments had already been announced by 
blazoning their arms, bore two trumpets on their crest. From the 
Germans, this custom was transmitted to the French ; for there is 
no doubt, that tournaments were usual in Germany much earlier 
than in France. But the French carried to far greater perfection 
the tournament, and the blazon or heraldry connected with it, as 
they did the whole system of chivalry. Since, moreover, the 
French language prevailed at the court of the Norman kings in 
England, pure French expressions have been preserved in British 
heraldry. Thus the green tincture, (color,) in a coat of 



arm 



1.817.] Heraldry. 227 

termed vert, (though in French sinople, which originally denoted a 
reddish brown:) bright red is termed gucules, probably with an al- 
lusion lo the bloody revenge of wild animals, which play so con- 
spicuous a part in heraldry ; the divided shield is, moreover, called 
coupe ; ami passant, regardant, dormant) cone/taut, eve, are used. 
German heraldry, on the contrary, contains almost pure German 
expressions. In a coat of' arms, tin' helm is placed upon the 
shield, and the latter is surrounded by the wreath. At a tourna- 
ment, the mantle oi' the knight, with the helm and shield, was sus- 
pended in the lists. The colors or tinctures of the shields had their 
foundation in the custom of the most ancient Germans, of giving 
their shields various colors — a custom which received a tender 
meaning in the tournaments of the middle ages; the knight, bound 
to defend the honor of dames, and devote himself to their protec- 
tion, wearing their colors on his shield. By degrees, the partitions 
or sections on shields came into use ; for when, as often occurred, 
a knight was the champion of several ladies, he bore several colors 
on his shield, which had therefore to be divided into fields. When 
the martial youth ol almost all Europe left their homes, about the 
end of the eleventh century, inspired with religious enthusiasm, to 
conquer the Holy Land, the use of arms became still more general 
and necessary. In order to distinguish the nations, armies, and 
families, the princes and commanders chose their symbols, some- 
times in commemoration of the exploits and events t)( the cam- 
paign, or of the dignity of the commander, and sometimes from 
mere fancy or passing humor. 

BLAZONING, III3TORIFY1N.G, AND MARS IIALLI\< 3 ARMS. 

Blazoning is the methodical description of a bearing. In the 
first place, the shield is described according to its tinctures, figures, 
and partitions. The inferior parts of an escutcheon are then bla- 
zoned — the helm, with its insignia, which are trumpet, wings, and 
plumes, men and animals, or their members; then the wreath and 
its tinctures ; after which the coronet cap, \'c. ; finally the support- 
ers, the mantle, the device, and other secondary things. Such 
terms for the color must be used as are agreeable to the station and 
quality of the bearer. All persons below the degree of noble must 
have their coats blazoned by colors and metals ; noble men by 
precious stones ; and kings and princes by planets. 

In emblazoning shields of arms, metals, colors, and furs are used 
to depict the device, the technical terms of which are these; — of 
metals, gold, called or, and silver, argent, only are employed; — of 
colors, red, called gules, blue, azure, black, sable, green, iv/7, and 
purple, purpura ; — and of furs, principally the skin o[' the little 
animal called ermine, and a combination of grey and while squir- 
rel skins, called vair. 

In blazoning arms it is an established rule with heralds, that ani- 
mals are always to be interpreted in the best sense, that is, accord- 
ing to their most noble and generous qualities, that the most honor 



2?3 Heraldry, [July 

may redound to the bearers. 'Thus the fox, being reputed w illy 
and given to filching for his prey, if this be the charge of an 
escutcheon, we arc.* to conceive; tin: quality represented to be hid 
wit and cunning, and not his theft. 

All savage beasts are to be figured in their fiercest action : as a 
lion erected, his month wide; open, his claws extended ; and thus 
formed he is said to be rampant. A leopard or wolf is to be por- 
trayed going as it were pedetentlm, which form of action suits their 
natural disposition, and is called passant. The gentler kinds are to 
be set forth in their noblest and most advantageous action, as a 
horse running or vaulting, a greyhound coursing, a deer tripping, a 
lamb going with smooth and easy pace. 

Every animal is to be represented as moving or looking to 
the right side of the shield; and it is a general rule, that the right 
foot be placed foremost, because the right side is reckoned the be- 
ginning of motion. The upper part is nobler than the lower, and 
things that are constrained either to look up or down, ought rather to 
be designed looking upwards. We observe however that notwith- 
standing sneh precepts of (luillim and other masters of armory, 
there are lions passant, coucliant, dormant, as well as rainpant ) and 
most animals in arms look down and not up. Birds are esteemed 
a more honorable bearing than fish, and wild and ravenous bird- 
than tame ones. When their bills and feet are of a different color 
from the rest, they are said to be membered. Birds of prey are 
more properly said to be armed. In the blazoning of fowls much 
exercised in (light, if the wings be not displayed, they are said to 
be borne close, for example, lie beareth an eagle, a hawk, or a 
swallow, close. Fish are borne different ways, upright, embowed, 
extended, endorsed, surmounted of each other, fretted, Iriangled. 
Those borne feeding should be termed devouring. Those borne 
directly upright are termed Uauriaut, and those borne traverse the 
escutcheon, naiant. 

To historify, in heraldry, is to explain the history of a coat of 
arms, its origin, and the changes it has undergone. If the herald 
is to explain a bearing historically, he must show that this figure i^ 
the proper emblem of the family or country. lie derives, for 
instance, from historical sources, the proof that the double-headed 
eagle of the Roman king was first introduced in the beginning of 
the fourteenth century, under Albert L, and that previously, from 
the time of Oiho II., the royal eagle had but one head ; that the 
three leopards in the English arms were first derived in 1127, under 
Henry I., from the Norman house. — The marshalling of arms con- 
sists in the preparation of new escutcheons. In this matter, the 
herald either follows the orders of a sovereign, or he invents the 
idea, and makes the plan of the escutcheon according to his own 
judgment, or he composes a new escutcheon from several coats o( 
arms. 

DIFFERENT KINDS OF ARMS. 

In heraldic science, arms are distinguished by different names, 



L847.1 



Heraldry. 



229 



to denote the causes of their being borne, such as arms of dominion , 
of pretension, of concession, of community, o( patronage, of family, 
of alliance, of succession, and of assumption. Those of dominion 
and sovereignty are those which emperors, kings, and sovereign 
states constantly bear, being, as it were, annexed lo the territories, 
kingdoms, and provinces they possess. Thus there arc the arms of 
England, of France, of the United Slates, 6cc. Anns of pretension 
are those of kingdoms, provinces, or territories, to which a prince or 
lord has some claim, and which he adds to his own, although such 
kingdoms or territories are possessed by another prince or lord. 
Arms ol concession, or augmentation of honor, are entire arms, as the 
fortress of Gibraltar on the escutcheon of Lord Heathfield. Anns of 
community belong to bishoprics, cities, companies, ecc. Arms ol 
patronage, to governors of province-, lords of manors, ece. Anns of 
family are the properly of individuals ; and it is criminal in any per- 
sons not of the family to assume them. Arms of alliance show ihe 
union of families and individuals. Arms of succession are taken up, 
by those who inherit certain estates, manors, lVc, either by will, 
entail, or donation, and which they impale or quarter with their 
own. This multiplies the titles of some families from necessity, 
and not from ostentation. Arms of assumption, or assumptive (inns, 
are taken up by the caprice or fancy of persons who assume them 
without a legal title. They are also such as a man of his proper 
right may assume, with the approbation of his sovereign and of the 
king of arms. 



PARTS OF A COAT OF ARMS. 

The parts of arms are the escutcheon, the tinctures, charges, and 
ornaments. Heralds distinguish nine different points in escutch- 
eons, in order to determine exactly the positions of the bearing they 
are charged with, as in the figure. 

A, dexter chief ; B, precise middle chief ; C, 
sinister chief; 1), honor point; E, fess point; 
F, nombril point; G, dexter base; II, precise 
middle base ; I, sinister base. The tinctures 
mean the variable hue common both to the 
shields and their bearings; and there are seven 
tinctures — yellow or gold, expressed by dots; 
white or argent; red, by perpendicular lines; 
blue or azure, by horizontal lines ; purple, by di- 
agonal lines from right to left; green, by the 
same from left to right ; black by horizontal and 
perpendicular lines crossing ; and Orange and blood colors are ex- 
pressed by diagonal lines crossing each other. The charges are 
the emblems occupying the field of the escutcheon, or any part of 
it. All charges are distinguished by the name of honorable ordi- 
naries, sub -ordinaries, and common charges. Honorable ordinaries, 
the principal charges in heraldry, are made of lines only, which, 
according to their disposition and form, receive different names. 






• 









' 















230 Heraldry. [July, 

Sub-ordinaries arc ancient heraldic figures frequently used in coats 
of anus, and which are distinguished by terms appropriated to each 
of them. Common charges ace composed ol natural, artificial, 
and even imaginary things, such as stars, animals, trees, ships, &.C. 
The ornaments that accompany or surround escutcheons were 
introduced to denote the birth, dignity, or otlicc ol the person to 
whom the arms appertain. They arc used both by clergy and 
laily. Those most in use are ol ten sorts; namely, crowns, coro- 
nets, mines, helmels, mantlin^s, chctpeavx, wreaths, crests, scrolls, 
and supporters. The crest is the highest part of the ornaments of 
a coat of arms. It is called crest from the Latin word crista, which 
signifies a comb or tuft, such as many birds have upon their heads, 
as the peacock, &c. Crests were anciently marks of great honor, 
because they were worn only by heroes of great valor and high 
rank, that they might be the belter distinguished in an engagement, 
and ihercbv rally their men if dispersed. They arc at present con- 
sidered as mere ornaments. The scroll is an ornament usually 
placed below the shield and supporters, containing a motto or short 
sentence, alluding to the bearing or to the. bearer's name. 



Explanation of the Piatt, on the following page, taken from Brandt's Dictionary of 
Science, Literature, and Art. 

I. Links. 
1. Horizontal or straight. 2 Angled. .'{. Bevelled. 1. Escartele. 5. Nowy or Tranche. 
(J. Arched or enarched.' 7. Double arched. 6. Wavy or undee. '.». Inveeled. 10. Engrailed. 
11. Baitled-embattled, or.crenetlee. 12. Batiled-embaltled. 13. Nebul'y. 11. Potent. 10 
Indented. 10. Dancelfcee. 17. Dove-tailed. Is. Urdee. 19. Rayonnee, or radiant. 

II. Points ok the Escutcheon, Colors, and Pub's. 
20. Esetfteheon, pokus of. -J I. Or. 2:2. Argent. 23. Gules. '.'1. Azure. 2"). Sable. 20. 
Vert. 27. Purpure. 28". Tenne, 29. Sanguine. 30. Ermine. HI. Ermines. 32. Frminois. 
33. Peau. 3-1. Vair. 3d. Varry cuppy. 

III. Differences, on Filiations. 
30. (First son) Label of three points. 37. (Second) Cresccnl. 3S. (Third) Mullet. 39. 
(Fourth) Martlet. Id. (Fifth) Annulet. '11. (Sixth) i leur-de-lis. 

IV. Ordinaries, kc. 
-12. Chief. 43. Tale (between two annulets.) 41. Pallet. 45. Party per pale. 40. Border. 
47. Bars. iS.^Fess. 19. Bend. 50. Bend sinister. 01. Border. 52. Chevron. 5'{. Cross 
51. Cross of St. John of Jerusalem, or Malta. 55. Cross patonce. 50. Cross moline. 57. 
Cross o( St. Andrew. 5ft. Crosses liumetlee. 59. Cross mohue in saltier. 00. Cross holto- 
nee or trefoil. 01. Cross cros.slel, litobee. 02. Cross ilory. 03. Cross inasele. 01. Cross 
fitchee. 05. Lozenge, lleury. 

V. Miscellaneous Bearings. 

00. Lion, statant guardant. 07. Passant. OS. Passant guardant. G9. Btimpant. 70. Ram- 
pant guardant. 7! . Rampant roguardant. 72. Sejant. 73. Couchant. 71. Slag at gaze. 75. 
Slag's head caboshed. 70. Tifrer, heraldic. 77. D rayon. 7a. Griflm. 79. Dragon's head 
erased. bO. Wiyern. 61. Eagfe displayed, with two "heads. 62. Boar's head erased; &3. 
Water budgets, bl. Snake, bowed debruised, &5. Quatrefoil. bO. Trefoils. 67. Fleur-de-lis. 
68. Clarion, or rest. 69. Mullets. 

VI. Crowns, Coronets, &c. 

90. Crown of England. 91. Coronet of the Prince of Wales. 92. Coronet of a duke. 93. 
Marquis. 91. Earl. 95. Viscount. 90. Baron.- 97: Mitre of a bishop. 9ft. Eastern, or antique 
coronet. 99. Celestial crown. 100. Crown of Edward I. 101. Morlier, or cap ol" slate. 
102 Chapeuu, or cap of maintenance. 103. Crown ol France. 101. Cardinal's hat. 105. 
Crown triple, or tiara of the pope 



Heraldry. 



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!i^"2 Ratification of the Federal Constitution [July, 



RATIFICATION OF THE FEDERAL CONSTITUTION BY 
MASSACHUSETTS, 

[The following account of the Ratification of the Constitution of the United Slates by 
the Convention of the Common wealth of Massachusetts convened at Boston un the yth day 
of January, I7y>, and continued until iho 7ih ol February, was printed in the Massachusetts 
Gazelle of Feb. 8th, L7SS, published by John Wincoll Allen of Boston. It is here inserted 
as a historical document of iho^-e limes that tried men's souls, which will, we lunik, he read 
with deep interest by those of the present generation. In this way, loo, it will be pre»erved, 
as it should he, lor posterity. It is printed as we lind it in the Gazelle, with only the additiou 
of the naines of the towns, in which the individuals of the Convention resided. Ul ihe Con- 
vention, John Hancock was President, William dishing', Vice-President, and George Richards 
Minor, Secretary.] 

With the highest satisfaction we announce to the publick, that the 
Convention of this commonwealth, on Wednesday last, at live o'clock, 
P. M. ASSENTED TO the CONSTITUTION, proposed by the late 
federal Convention. On this pleasing event, WE DO HEARTILY 
congratulate the publick, and do express our sincere wishes, that the 
general joy which it has diffused through all ranks of citizens, may be 
an auspicious omen of the superiour 'advantages which will undoubt- 
edly result from the establishment of such a federal government as 
this constitution provides. 

Immediately on the news o[^ this joyful decision being announced, 
the bells in every publick building in this metropolis began to ring, and 
continued to sound the glad tydmgs for two hours. At sun set the 
Convention adjourned: after which, a multitude of people, from all 
quarters, moved into State-street, where they manifested the joy they 
felt from this event, by incessant tokens of approbation, and loud 
huzzas. The bells of the North church continued to chime harmoni- 
ous peals of gratulatioas the whole night, and part of the next day. 
Illuminations were made and other insignia of joy exhibited. 

The yeas and nays, on the question of adoption, being taken, agree- 
ably to the orders of the day, were as follows, viz. 

YEAS. 

His Excellency JOHN HANCOCK, Esq. President, Hon. James Bowdoin, lion. 
Sam. Adams, hon. William Phillips, hon. Caleb Davis, Charles Jarvis, esq. John C. 
Jones, esq. John Winthrop, esq. Thomas Dawes, jun. esq. rev. Samuel Slillman, 
Thomas Russell, esq. Christopher Gore, esq. Boston, hon. William Heath, hon. In- 
crease Sumner, Roxbury, James Bowdoin, jun. esq. Ebenezcr Wales, esq. Dorchester, rev. 
Nathaniel Robbins, Milton, hon. Richard Cranch, rev. Anthony Wibird, Braintree, hon. 
Cotton Tufts, III/// month, hon. Benjamin Lincoln, rev. David Shute, Hingham, rev. Joseph 
Jackson, Brooklim, rev. Thomas Thacher, Fisher Ames, esq. Dcdhuni, col. William 
M'Intosh, Needham, capt. John Baxter, }un.;3fcdfield, hon. Elijah Dunbar, esq. Stoughton, 
mr. Thomas Mann, IVrentham, mr. George Payson, Walpole, boa. J. Fisher, Franklin, 
mr. Thomas Jones, //////, rev. Phillips Payson, Chelsea, mr. Ebenezer Warren, Foxbor- 
ongh, Richard Manning, esq. Edward Pulling, esq. mr. 'William Gray, jun. mr. Francis 
Cabot, Salem, hon. Michael Kailcv, J. Cinute, esq. Daniel Noyes, esq. col. Jonathan 
Cogswell, Ipswich, hon. Tristram Dal ton, Knoch Sawyer, esq. E. March, esq. Newbury, 
hon. Rufus Kinij, esq. hon. Benjamin Greenleal'. esq. Theophilus Parsons, esq. hon. 
Jonathan Titeomb, JSeieburyport, hon. G. Cabot, mr. Joseph Wood, capt. Israel Thorn- 
dike, Beverly, Isaac Mansfield, esq. Jonathan Glover, esq. hon. A/.or Orne, John Glover, 
esq. Marblehead, Daniel Rogers, esq. John Low, esq. capt. W. Pearson, Gloucester, John 
Games, esq. capt. John Bumham, Lynn and Lynn field, mr. William Symmes, jun. jindo- 
vcr, Bailey Bartlett, esq. capt. Nathaniel Marsh, Haverhill, mr. Israel Clark, Topsficld, 
dr. Samuel Nye, mr. 'Enoch Jackman, Salisbury, capt. Benjamin Luivey, mr. Uillis 
Patten, Jlmesbury, Daniel Thurston, esq. Bradford, mr. Jacob Merrick, Wcnham, mr. 
Simeon Miller, Manchester, hon. Francis Dana, esq. Stephen Dana, esq. Cambridge, hon. 
Nathan. el Gorham, esq. Charlcstoteu, hon. Joseph llosmer, Concord, hon. Abraham 



1317.] by Massachusetts. 233 

Fuller, Newtown, enpt. Lawson Buckminster, Framingham, Benjamin Brown, esq. Lex- 
ington, "Daniel Whitney, esq. Shci-bume, capt. Asahel Wheeler, Sudbury, capt. Benjamin 
Blaney, Maiden, capt. Abraham Bigelow, rFwfon, maj. gen. John Brooks, Mcdford, dr. 
Charles Whitman, Slow, Leonard Williams, esq. Wallham, lion. J. B. Varnum, Dracut, 
hon. J. Pitts, Dunstable, hon. E. Brooks, Lincoln, W. Pynchon, esq. Springfield, hon. C. 
Strong, mr. Benjamin Sheldon, Northampton and Easthampton, capt. Lemuel Pomeroy, 
Southampton, bng.igen. Elisha Porter, liadlcy, lion. Noah Goodman, Sbu/A Hadlcy, hon. 
J. Hastings, Hatfield, John Ingersol. esq. WistfulJ, mr. Ebenezer James, Northfield, Abner 
Af/iririii ,>c. ik:.., r.i i f it :.i »ji _i ni .j. .. t _ r>__.i /w ._ j "... tv.i 



bon. i>uiiiiui ^usHing, non. unanes J trner, scuuate, non. ueorge ranriuge, l/uxoury, 
rev. William Shaw, Marshficld, Daniel Howard, esq. mi. lle/.ekiah Hooper, capt. Elisha 
Mitchel, mr. Daniel Howard, jun. Bridgewater, rev. Isaac Backus, Isaac Thompson, esq. 



<-a|u. KiniD.iu vianv, riarwi.cn, rev. j.evi vvnitir ■■> n tiijiccr, capi. josepn raimer, 
Falmouth, James Williams, esq. Taunton, hon. Elisha May, capt. Moses Willmarth, 
Jlttleboro\ col. Sylvester Richmond, hon. William Baylies, Dighton, hon. Thomas Dur- 
fee, Israel Washburne, esq. Freetown, hon. Walter Spooner, rev. Samuel West, 2Vh« 
Bedford, mr. William Almv, Westport, Nathaniel Barrel, esq. Fo>7r, rev. Moses Hem- 
menway, hon. Nathaniel Wells, Wells, Thomas Cutts, esq. Pepperclboro\ Jacob Brad- 
bury, esq. Buxton, capt. John Low, Coxhall, mr. William Mayhew, Edgartown, rnr. Cor- 
nelius Dunham, Tisbury, hon. John Sprague, Lancaster, capt. Seth Newton, Southbofo\ 
hon. Samuel Baker, Bolton, major David Wilder, Leominster, mr. Matthew Patrick, 
Western, mr. Josiah Goddard. JLthol, capt. Ephraim Wilder, Sterling, John K. Smith, esq. 
Falmouth, mr. John Fox, capt. Joseph M'Lellan, Portland, David Mitchell, esq. Samuel 
Merrill, esq. North Yarmouth, William Thompson, esq. Scarboro\ capt. John Dunlap, 
Brunswick, capt. Isaac Snow, Harpswelt, mr. Joshua Dyer, Cape Elisabeth, rev. Samuel 
Perley, Gray, Thomas Rice, esq. mr. David Sylvester, Pownalboro\ mr. Nathaniel 
Wyman, Georgetown, mr. David Gilmore, Woolwich, William M'Cobb, esq. Boothbay, 
apt. Samuel Grant, Vassalboro\ Moses Davis, esq. Etlgccomb, David Fales, esq. Thorn- 
ston, Dummer Sewall, esq. Bath, John Ashley, jun. esq. Sheffield and Mount Washington, 



W 
,ca] 

astoi ( 

hon. Elijah Dwight, GV<«* Barringlon, hon. T. Sedgwick, Stockbridgc, lion. Jonathan 
Smith, Lancsboro\ hon. T.J. Skinner, Wiltiamstown, Mr. Elisha Carpenter, Bcckct, capt. 
D. Taylor, iV r fK> Marlboro'. Total leas 1S7. 



N AYS. 

Capt. Jedediah Southworth, Stoughlon, mr. Nathan Comstock, Wrentham, mr. Benja- 
min Randall, Sharon, mr. M. Richardson, jun. Midway, rev. Noah Alden, Bellingham, 
hon. Israel Hutchinson, Danvcrs, capt. Peter Osgood, jun. dr. Thomas Kittredge, Ando- 
ver, capt. Thomas Mighill, Rowley, hon. A. Wood, Boxford, capt. Ebenezer Carlton, 
Mcthuen, dr. Marshall Spring, TPaWotrn, capt. Timothy W 7 inn, Woburn, mr. William 
Flint, mr. Peter Emerson, Reading-, mr. Jonas Morse, major Benjamin Sawin, Marlboro\ 
William Thompson, esq. BiUcrica, col. Benjamin Ely, capt. John Williston, IFes* 
Springfield, capt. Phinehas Stebbins, Wilhrahdm, Mr. Daniel Cooley, Jlmherst. Mr. Ben- 
jamin Eastman, Granby, Mr. Josiah All is, Whately, mr. William Bodman, Williamsburg, 
mr. Samuel Field, Denrfield, mr. Moses Bascom, Greenfield, mr. Robert Wilson, S/*(i- 
Zwrac, capt. Consider Arms, mr. Malachi Maynard, Conway, capt. Zacheus Crocker, 
Sunderland, mr. Moses Severance, Montague, capt. Asa Fisk, Mu<//j Brimfield, mr. Phin- 
ehas Merrick, Monson, mr. Adam Clark, * Pel ham, capt. Nathaniel Whitcomb, Greenwich, 
mr. Timothy Blair, Blanford, mr. Aaron Mirrick, Palmer, mr. John Hamilton, Mr. Clark 
Cooley, Granville, mr. John Chamberlain, Ai<c Salem, mr. Justus Dwight, Bdchertown, 
mr. Samuel Eddy, Colrain, mr. Isaac Pepper, 1J</a\ capt. John Goldsbury, TFunWrfc 
and Orange, capt. Aijrippa Wells, Bernardston, mr. Ephraim Williams, Ashfidd, mr. Asa 
Powers, Shutesbury, capt. Silas Fowler, Southwick, mr. John Jennings, Ludlow, mr. 
Jonathan Hubbard, Leverett, mr. Benjamin Thomas, mr. Isaac Soul, Middkboro\ mr. 
Nathaniel Hammond, mr. Abraham Holmes, Rochester, capt. Francis Shurtlili", mr. 
Elisha Bisbee, jun. Plympton, dr. Thomas Smith, mr. Thomas Nye, Sandwich, col. 
Nathaniel Leonard, mr. Aaron Pratt, Taunton, capt. Phanuel Bishop, major Frederick 
Drown, William Windsor, esq. RehvbotH, mr. Christopher Mason, mr. David Brown, 
Swansey, lion. Holder Sloeum, mr. Melaliah llathway, Ihutmouth, hon. Abraham While, 

15 



234 Ratification of (he Federal Constitution [July. 

Norton, capt. Ebenezcr Tisdell, Eaaton* capt. John Pratt, Mansfield, capt. Esaias Preble 
York, mr. Mark Adams, mr. James Neal, Kit toy, capt. Elijah Thayer,dr. Nathaniel Low, 
mr. Ki chard Foxwell Cutis, Berwick, mr. Thomas M. Wentworth, Lthanon, majoi 
Samuel Nasson, Sanford, mr. .Moses Ames, Fryeburg, Mr. Jeremiah Emery, Shapleigh, 
rev. Pelatiah Tingley, rTci/irAonj,' mr. David Bigelow, HWn.s/,/-, Edward Thompson 
esq. Mut'ioii, major John Miuot, Chelmsford, capt. Gilbert Dench, Hopkinton, mr. Jona- 
than Keep, ir..s/y!//i/, dr. Lienjamin Morse, Joseph Sheple, es^. Groton, mr. Obadiah 
Sawtell, tihirhy, mr. Daniel Kisk, Peppcrcll, capt. Daniel Adams, jfc/ecnacnJ, capt. Johi 
Webber, Bedford, capt. Sta. Chamberlain, Iloliiston, rnr. Asa l'arlin, .7. fo»i and Carlisb 
capt. J. Maniden. M7/wu;i?zo», mr. Newman Scarlet, Tewki bury, mr. Samuel Reed, 
Littleton, mr. Benjamin Adams, dshby, major Hezekiah Bread, Natick, capt. Jonathai 
dree h, Stonchum, mr. Phinehas Gleason, i£us/ Sudbury, mr. Daniel Forbes, mr. N. Jenks, 
Brookfidd, capt. Jeremiah Learned, Oxford, mr. Caleb Curtis, Mr. Ezra M'Intier, C7/u// 
rim, mr. David Harwood, hon. Amos Singletary, Sutton, col. Samuel Denny, Leicester, 
mr. James llathua, Spencer, mr. Asaph Shermon, Rutland, mr. Abraham Smith, Paxton 
capt. Jonathan Bullard, Oak/nun, capt. John Black, Barre, capt. John Woods, Hubbard 
ton, capt. Benjamin Joslyn, JVcu; Brahitree, capt. Stephen Maynard, IKa/Wc/, rnr. Art. 
mas Brigharh, Northboro 1 , capt. Isaac Harrington, Shrewsbury, capt. John Fuller, Lunen- 
burg, mr. Daniel Putnam, Fitchburg, dr. Samuel Willard, Uxbridgc, Josiah Whitney, esq. 
//< rim*/, mr. Jonathan Day, Dudley, capt. Thomas M. Baker, Upton, capt. Timothy 
Parker, Sturbridge, major Martin Kingsley, JIardioick, rev. Joseph Davis, Holden, hon 
John Taylor, Douglass, dr. Joseph Wood, Grafton, Jonathan Grant, esq. capt. Samu< ! 
Peckham, Petersham, John Frye, esq. Royalston, mr. Stephen Holden, Trrshmnsfer, capt 
Joel Fletcher, Templeton, mr. Timothy Fuller, Princeton, mr. Jacob Willard, Ashburnham i 
mr. Moses Hale, Winclundon, capt. Josiah Wood, Korthbridge, mr. Joseph Stone, Warti 
mr. David Stearns, Milford, mr. Jonas Temple, Boylston, Daniel llsley, esq. Falmout) 
mr. S. Longfellow, jun. Gorha.m, William Widgery, Auc Gloucester, capt. David Murry, 
iVt't/.' Castle, hon. Samuel Thompson, ibpsham, mr. Jonah Crosby, Winslow, mr. Zach 
eus Beat, Bowdoinham, William Jones, esq. Bristol, capt. James Carr, Jhlloirell, mr. 
Joshua Bean, Winthrop, mr. Valentino Rathbun, Pittsfuld, mr. Comstock Betts, Rich- 
mond, mr. Lemuel Collins, Leiiox, capt. Jeremiah Pierce, Mams, Ephraim Fitch, esi t 
Egrcmout, major Thomas Lusk, 11 'est Stockbridgc, mr. John Hurlbert, jllford. capt. Ezc 
kiel Merrick, Tyrninghain, mr. Joshua Lawton, Loudon, mr. Timothy Mason, irindsoi 
Ebenezer Pierce, esq. Partridgcjkld, mr. David Yauyhan, Hancock, capt. Jesse Bradley 
Lee, mr. Zenas Noble, Washington, mr. John Picket, jun. Sandisjield. Total Nuys 1GS 

The open, manly and honourable conduct of the gentlemen who 
composed the minority, in the great question on Wednesday, taken in 
the honourable convention, was very different from the turbulent 
opposers of the constitution in Pennsylvania, who, not content with 
their declamatory and odious protest against its adoption, are now 
endeavouring to involve their country in all the honours of a civil 
war, by exciting tumult and insurrection. On the vote of adoption 
being declared, 

Honourable mr. White rose, and said, that notwithstanding he had 
opposed the adoption of the constitution, upon the idea that it would 
endanger the liberties of his country, yet, as a majority had seen fit to 
adopt it, he should, use his utmost exertions to induce his constituent: 
to live in peace under, and cheerfully submit to it. 

He was followed by mr. Widgery, who said, that he should return 
to his constituents, and inform them, that he had opposed the adoption 
of this constitution, but that he had been overruled, and that he had 
been carried by a majority of w T ise and understanding men : that he 
should endeavour to sow the seeds of union and peace among the peo- 
ple he represented — and that he hoped, and believed, that no person 
would wish for, or suggest the measure of a PROTEST; for, said he, 
we must consider that this body is as full a representation of the 

people, as can be conceived. After expressing his thanks for tin 

civility which the inhabitants of this town have shewn to the conven- 
tion, and declaring, as his opinion, that they had not in the least intlu- 
enccd the decision ; he concluded by saying he should support, a- 



1817.] by Massachusetts. 235 

much as in him lay, the constitution, and believed, as tin's state had 

adopted it, not only 0, but the whole 13, would come into the measure. 

General Whitney said, that though he h:\d been opposed to the 
constitution, he should support it as much as il* he had voted for it. 

Mr. Cooley, {Amherst) said, that he endeavoured to govern himself 

by the principles of reason, that he was directed to vote against the 
adoption of the constitution, and that in so doing, he had not only 
complied with his direction, but had acted according to the dictates of 
his own conscience ; but that as it has been agreed to by a majority, 
he should endeavour to convince his constituents of the propriety of its 
adoption. 

Doctor Taylor, also said, he had uniformly opposed the constitution, 
that he (bund himself fairly beat, and expressed his determination to 
go home, and endeavour to infuse a spirit of harmony and love, among 
the people. 

Other gentlemen expressed their inclination to speak, but it growing 
late, the convention adjourned to Thursday morning, at ten o'clock. 

Let this be told to the honour of Massachusetts ; to the refutation of her 
citizens, as men willing to acquiesce in that rejjublica/i priia.tplc, of sub- 
mitting to the decision of a majority. 

Yesterday, A. M. the Convention met, according to adjournment, 
when a vote was passed for proceeding in procession to the state- 
house, and there to declare the ratification of the FEDERAL CON- 
STITUTION, which that honourable body, on Wednesday last, by a 
majority of NINETEEN assented to, in behalf of the commonwealth 
of Massachusetts. About 12 o'clock, the procession moved from their 
place of session, preceded by the honourable vice-president of the 
Convention, His excellency the president being seated in an elegant 
vehicle, was drawn by THIRTEEN patriotick and publick spirited 
MECHANIGKS, who thus expressed their love and respect for a man 
who ever loved and respected his country. 

The procession having arrived at the state-house, entered the senate- 
chamber, from which his excellency the president, the vice-president, 
secretary, high-sheriff of the county of Suffolk, and other respectable 
characters, went out upon the balcony of the state-house, from whence 
his excellency the president addressed the multitude who had assem- 
bled below, in a short speech, preparatory to what they were about to 
hear declared. The high-sheriff then declared the federal constitution 
adopted and ratified by the Convention of the commonwealth of Mas- 
sachusetts. 

After which the whole assembly testified their approbation by the 
loudest huzzas. 

An elegant repast being provided for the occasion in the senate- 
chamber, the Convention, and a great number of other gentlemen, 
partook thereof, and exhibited such marks oi' satisfaction, as fully 
evinced, that this joyful event would teml to give vigour and energy 
to our future continental administrations. After dinner the following 
toasts were drank, viz. 

1. His excellency the president and convention of Massachusetts. 

2. The president and members of the late continental convention. 

3. The states that have adopted the federal constitution. 

4. A speedy accession to the union by those states who are yet to 
deliberate upon the proposed constitution. 



236 Ratification of the Federal Constitution. [July, 

G. May the same candour, and liberality, which has so conspicuously 
distinguished the minority of Massachusetts, prevail thro' every state 
in the union. 

C. May the United States of America be as distinguished for their 
increase in agriculture, arts and manufactures, as they are for their 
attachment to justice and the liberties of mankind. 

7. The great and magnanimous ally of the United States of Amer- 
ica — his most Christian majesty. 

6. The United Netherlands. 

9. May the States of America he the asylum of every distressed son 
of liberty, throughout the world. 

10. May the flag of American commerce be displayed in every 
quarter of the globe. 

11. May the landholders of America soon experience the happy 
effects intended by the proposed constitution. 

12. May the nations of the world, who would be our rivals in trade, 
soon find their disappointment in the energy of our councils. 

13. May peace, liberty, and safety, be the perpetual birthright of an 
American. 

It seems that the joy which the adoption of the proposed constitu- 
tion has diffused, is not only general, but sincere and grateful. — The 
rising sun of yesterday's morn, by its brightness and refulgent beams, 
seemed to break forth, from the dusky horizon, with uncommon gran- 
deur, partaking, as it were, of the joy in which an event so propitious 
immersed the souls of the people. The bells of all the churches, &c. in 
town, began ringing at early dawn, and continued, most of them with- 
out intermission, thro' the day, and part of last evening. 

The hardy sons of Neptune, seemed not to be insensible of the 
importance of this great event; for having procured a boat, which they 
fixed on a sled, they continued to draw it through the town till near 
the close of the day, frequently huzzaing, and loudly exulting in the 
anticipation of reviving and nourishing commerce. In the beat was 
displayed the flag of the United States, and musick, which kept con- 
tinually playing. 

In a cart, drawn by five horses, the British flag was displayed, and 
insulted by numbers placed in the cart, armed with muskets, who 
repeatedly discharged the contents of them through the tattered rem- 
nant, in contempt of that faithless nation, whose exertions have been 
unremitted since the peace, to cramp our commerce and obstruct all 
our nautical proceedings. 

Ilcpeated marks o{ joy were exhibited during the course of the day 
by the lovers and well wishers of our country, but we believe none 
will exceed the exhibition which is to take place this day, as will 
appear by the following 

NOTICE 

T O T II E T R ADESMEN. 

THE COMMITTEE of MECIIANICKS appointed at their meet- 
ing the 7th. nit. present their compliments to the several TRADE S- 
MEN, MECIIANICKS, and ARTIZANS of every description in the 
(own of Jkiston, and request their attendance at Faneuil Hall, this 
morning, at NINE o'clock, in order to form and proceed in GRAND 



18-17.] Letter of Chief-Justice Sargeanl. 237 

PROCESSION therefrom, to testify their approbation of the ratification 
of the Federal Constitution, hy the Convention of this commonwealth 

the Gth instant. 

They recommend that the procession be formed as follows — First, 
a plough, drawn by a horse, with husbandmen carrying proper utensils 
— Then the tradesmen, &c. of the town, each with some tool, deco- 
rated ; to proceed by trades ; each trade with one person at its head. 
With the ship-builders, &c. will be a boat, drawn by horses, properly 
manned. They request that the procession may be as full as possible ; 
that the several drummers, fifers, and other musicians in the town, will 
join the procession, with their instruments. 

The rout oC the procession will be mentioned at the Hall. 

Boston, February 7, 17SS. 



LETTER OF CHIEF- JUSTICE SARGEANT OF MASSA- 
CHUSETTS. 

[The following arc extracts from a letter of Judge Sanreant to the Hon. Joseph Badger 
of Gilmanton, N. U , who was a Delegate to the Convention ol that state for the adoption 
of the Federal Constitution.] 

I make no doubt but you have carefully compared y c old confederation with y e new 
constitution and I wish you To review thetn again. Can there be such a thing as Gov- 
ernment without Power '. What is advice, recommendation) or requisition ? it is not 
Government. — Congress lias a right to raise an army, to make war ami Peace, of 
entering into Treaties and alliances to borrow money and appropriate y e same — to 
ascertain y e sums necessary to be raised for y e Service of y e United States — to emit 
bills of credit — to build and equip a navy, and to make requisitions on y c states for 
their quota of men, to Cloath, arm and equip them. But who will lend Congress 
Money when they have not Power to raise a Single Shilling to repay them ? Who 
will take their bills of Credit when every Body knows they can never redeem them ? 
Who will enlist into their army when Congress has no money to pay them a Bounty or 
their wages or find them in Provisions ( Who will build and equip a navy for them 
without money? "Who will trouble themselves about Congress' making war or Peace 
when they can't command a Shilling to support a war 1 To what Purpose is it to 
appropriate money when they can't get it' — What end docs it answer for other 
nations to make treaties and alliances with Congress when any one State by its obsti- 
nacy, fraud or some Paltry private interest may defeat y e treaty or by main force break 
through it ? 

What good end will be answered by ascertaining y° Sums necessary to be raised 
when thirteen independent Legislatures are to judge whether those sums are necessary 
or not and whether they will raise them or not and if one State won't raise their quota, 
y e other states are more than foolish, they are distracted if they raise theirs. — What 
effect will a requisition on y e states for raising, cloathing, arming, and equipping their 
quotas of men have, when y c 13 Legislatures are left to judge of y e expediency, or neces- 
sity of this equipment, whether they are not charged above their proportion — whether 
it won't do as well sometime hence 1 What security is it possible to have under such a 
Government ? A Government without energy, without power. Zeal and enthusiasm 
carried us thro' y L ' last war without any Government till .March 1781, when y L ' Confed- 
eration was compleated and then we hobbled along r Jl months longer under it until 
peace took place, and since y° Peace, Requisitions from Congress have had no more eiFec» 
than y" Pope's bulls wou'd have hid The old Confederation is just y c same to y e 
Tinted States as a people, as a milk and water diet wou'd be to a labouring man, both 
wou'd giow weaker and weaker till they were not able to crawl. Nothing ever gave us 
any respectability abroad but y e readiness and chearfulness with which we complied 
with all y e recommendations of Congress when we had no Government at all. That ena- 
bled us to form treaties with other nations, to hire money, and their hatred to Great Biit- 
ain engaged them to join in y c war against her. The nations in Europe discovered this 
weakness long before we did. Great Britain fur 5 years lias refused t<» make any Treaty 
of commerce with us, h is shut all her Ports against our shipping, while our Ports are 
filled with their shipping and seamen and are picking up our seamen for their employ 



233 Letter of [July, 

— they bring their Produce and manufactures to us to buy but won't lot us carry our 
own to them. They have embarfass'd our commerce with other nations by setting 
y° Algerines upon our shipping arid thereby obliged us to give 5 per Cent, to them for 
insurance against the Algerines — all this while we have not had y power to retalliate 
upon them in one Single Article. The other Powers viz : France, Holland, Spain and 
Portugal have now taken y c hint and are imposing duties upon our Produce and Manu- 
factures toy great encouragement of 'their own and discouragement oj ours, and we 
can't make any Regulations to counterwork them. Massachusetts .-nine years ago took 
V° lead and made some very advantageous Regulations. New Hampshire followed, and 
Rhode Island adopted a small part. Soon y c People in New Hampshire grew restive 
and obliged y u Government to repeal y c same. Rhode Island followed and Massachu- 
setts was obliged to follow them, so that you see what a rope of sand we aie. This 
conduct of y* European nations will in time, if it produces good Government, prove of 
eminent advantage to us. They drained us of almost all our Cash. This put People 
upon being industrious and frugal. Industry has occasioned great improvements in 
agriculture and in manufactures. The first has rendered Provisions plenty and so 
cheap that we sell them to almost all nations. The latter has supplied us with many 
necessaries which we used to send cash for, and we remitted to other nations pay for 
what necessaries we wanted. Frugality has prevented us from sending our Cash 
abroad for many Superfluities which we can do as Well or perhaps better without; so 
that now it is an undoubted fact that y° exports from America greatly exceed y e im- 
ports; consequently Cash may now become as plenty as it wou'tl be best it shou'd be. 

The old Confederation without Power or Energy destroyed y L Credit o\' y L " United 
States. The scarcity of Cash, and y c embarrassments of y e Government, for want of 
some fixed System of finance has destroyed y° credit of y e individual States — different 
Tender acts in different States, different sorts of paper money indifferent States, (for 
almost all y« States have either paper money or tender acts,) have destroyed private 
Credit; so that we are now as a people and as individuals totally without either public 
or private Credit. Under these circumstances money never can circulate in plenty, let 
y u advantages for importing it be what they may — 

Is it now possible lor a Government, under these disadvantages, whether it be conti- 
nental or particular, to support itself any length of time ? AYill not pin ate industry be 
discouraged ! Can such a Government protect y° industrious from y c hands of invaders 
or y e more savage hands of violence among ourselves? Anarchy will soon rear its 
head and y e Tyranny of some ambitious Demagogue will soon tread on its heels. 
Suppose for a moment y c General Court of New Hampshire or Massachusetts were to 
agree that such a sum of money was necessary to be raised for y c building and main- 
taining of a colledi, r e for supporting schools in different Parts, for supporting ministers, 
for encouraging y c Iron manufactory, y manufactory of cloath, for repairing y e high- 
ways, for training and disciplining y e militia, and procuring a stock of.guns and ammu- 
nition and building forts for y e defence of y c State and then send a recommendation to 
ye several towns desiring them to raise their quota of that sum, being so much. 

Wou'd not this be a laughable way of raising money for y e public exigences ? One 
town wou'd say there was no need of building a Colledge : others wou'd say there is 
no need of Schools or ministers: let them that. work lion and cloath get their own 
pay; our highways will do well enough without repairs; y e militia are good gunners 
already, there is no need of forts, and there is no war at hand, and we can do without 
(runs and ammunition a little longer; besides all they have rated our town too high. 
Wou'd not this be y c ' common language? A precious little money wou'd be raised, I 
trow. Let me ask, if y c People in our town meetings are competent Judges of y e ne- 
cessity and advantage of raising money for these purposes? You will instantly answer 
me, no not one in six. Can they have large and extensive views of y e interest, of y r es- 
sential and important interests of y° whole state ( No, perhaps, not one, thu many of 
them when they had met with other persons from all parts of y° state, and hail freely 
conversed with them might be good Judges afterwards. How absurd and impolitic then 
is it to trust y e great affairs and interests of a continent, 1500 miles long and 1()U0 miles 
wide to y° determination of 2G00 men deputed from some little spots of miles square 
y e greatest part of whom never went further than y« next market town perhaps, or at 
y° outside to y e shire town of y state and never expects to go again alter his year is 
up, or if he dor> y it is only to get his 3s. 0d. a day without labour or at y most to have 
y u honour of saving a small 'fax upon his own town — and these men are not to meet 
altogether where they might, if disposed, get y necessary information to form a Judg- 
ment by, — biit in thirteen different places where they have different interests, different 
leaders and different information. How much more ridiculous is it then, that all these 
men are to determine of y° necessity of Peace or War — of y l sums of Money neces- 
sary to he raised, of y l - best and easiest mode of raising it thro' all y l states, regulating 
y ? value of money thro' all y states, of defining and punishing Piracies and felonies on 
y high seas and of Offences against y 1 1\\ of nations — when it is neces -ary and propel 



1817.] Chief-Justice Sargeant. 239 

to grant Letters of Marque and reprisal — what are y c rights and duties of Amba.i a- 
dors, Consuls and public ministers, what are proper rules respecting captures where 
other nations arc concerned with us in y° capture or are interested in r vessel captured, 
what regulations of Trade may be carried into effect in other nations so as not to 
injure our own commerce. These and a thousand other matters respecting our inter- 
course with other nations and other great national concerns, must be determined by 
some Body of men with decision and be carried into effect loo. How preposterous i- it 
then for us to think of going on under y° old Confederation when- y L several stales 01 
some of them wou'd hiss any Law that might be proposed on those matters out of Dours. 

Now let us consider y« new Constitution. Are there any objects, of Legisla- 
tion in this, which were not left to y* decision of Congress under y e old Articles ' 
Very few, save that of Regulating commerce with foreign nations for. want of which 
we have suffered enough already — also to form a rule lor naturalization Laws 
about Bankruptcies — fix y e standard of weights and measures — to promote y- prog- 
ress of arts and Sciences — to prevent counterfeiting y e Securities and current coin 
of y c states, to provide for organizing, arming, disciplining and calling forth)" militia 
on necessary occasions; to exercise exclusive Jurisdiction over 10 miles square of land 
where Congress may sit, if so much is ceded to them by any state to their satisfaction 
and such other places where continental arsenals are kept. Our People are taught y L ' 
necessity of this provision for if a man of less penetration and decision had been in y e 
chair y e year before last — they would have lost their most useful and costly magazine. 
Is it not reasonable that these matters shou'd be done with uniformity thro' y states ' 
Can these great objects ever be accomplished without making laws to bind all persons 
in y c Jurisdiction i Who are to. make those Laws but y e Representatives chosen by 
y L ' People at larne every two years, and where an equal representation is provided for, 
and a Senate chosen by y" state Legislatures, one third of which are to be chosen every 
two years. When Laws are made they are nonsensical unless they can be carried into 
execution; therefore it is necessary somebody shou'd have a Power of determining 
when they are broken, and to decice y e foriieturc in consequence of such breach. This 
shows y e necessity of y c Judicial Power — and an executive with y° necessary officers 
are requisite for carrying those decrees into execution — and without all this y c whole 
parade of making laws wou'd be idle. 

That these parts, y e Judicial and executive, shou'd be appointed by congress is nec- 
essary. in order that y e proceedirigs may be uniform and to prevent one state from con- 
niving at or disregarding y laws made toy y° benefit of y e whole. It' they are to raise 
money they must have officers to collect it. These must be appointed by Congress or 
such men will be appointed by particular states as will shew y fc most favour — cad 
look thro' y c whole, 1 believe you will not find a Single Power given but what would 
maim y e constitution if it was left out. Perhaps it may be said this will be an expensive 
Government. The Legislative will not be more expensive, if so much, as y present 
congress for after they have got matters a going properly, they may be at home half 
their time. The other officers must be paid it is true, but when we consider y L ' advan- 
tages of a steady uniform Government with proper energy, 1 believe we shall find ye 
Benefits purchased at a cheap rate. Perhaps some may say that this annihilates our 
own state Governments, ami our own Legislatures will have nothing to do; but y c 
Laws respecting criminal offenders in all cases, except Treason, are subjects for Legis- 
lation. We may increase, lessen, or change punishments for crimes as we think best, 
and make any act criminal or pcenal as far as Law can make it so at our pleasure. The 
regulating Towns, parishes, Providing ministers, schools, looking alter Poor persons, pun- 
ishing Idlers, vagabonds ike. i*c. regulating Highways, bridges, fisheries, common fields 
&c. are also, matters pertaining to y u General court — but above all y e great rules for reg- 
ulating inheritances, descent of estates, Partition of them, last wills and Testaments, 
executors, Administrators, and Guardians are subjects for our own Legislation — y 
appointment of all courts, and y" rules of Proceeding in them and oi' determining all 
controversies between our own citizens, Pules of Legitimacy, marriage and divorce 
and in line all matters not expressly given to congress are still to be the subjects of our 
own Legislation to be carried into Effect by our own courts and officers. Over what 
things docs y e constitution give congress a Power only those of great national concern, 
which require a large comprehensive view and which, Heaven knows, our Houses ol 
R-p-s-t-tives were never capable of comprehending or of judging whether they were 
acting right or wrong. — 1 write very freely to you, without any reserve. V 1 regard 
I have for my Children, my Kinsmen, my friends, my Neighbours, Posterity and my 
country, makes me bless God that those objects are likely for ever to be taken out of 
such hands, two thirds of whom were never from their fire side before, and nevei com- 
prehended in their view more than their own farms and their own little private interest. 
I cou'd write a volume on this subject, but thus much must suffice for y' present. 1 
believe you are tired now as well as your affectionate 

Kinsman and sincere friend and Serv* 

Natii'l Peaslee S.VKoLaNT. 



240 



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IS 17.] Ministers in Rockingham County. 245 

NOT E S . 

Exeter. " Exeter New Church," afterwards called "The Second Church of 
Christ in Exeter."* A considerable number of the members of the First Church 
seceded, and ''embodied into a New Church, on a day of Fasting and Prayer, 
June 7. I74 1.' ; There is an error in several publications, giving 1748 as the 
date ol the formation of that church. This error is found on the monumental 
stone of Rev. Daniel Rogers, in the graveyard, in Exeter. It is not strange that, 
in so long an inscription, there should have been, through inadvertency, an 
omission, by the engraver, or in his copy, of the word installed, immediately 
after the name. The words, Pastor, of a church gathered in Exeter ] should have 
been marked by a parenthesis. The inscription on the gravestone \va-> copied 
by Alden, into his Collections, and thus currency has been, unintentionally, 
given to the error. Original documents show the facts in the case. 

The causes of the secession, which issued in the establishment of a New 
Church in Exeter, were of a religious nature, but the presentation of them does 
not come within the scope of this work, and besides, we have not space for their 
discussion. 

The Rev. Daniel Rogers was born in Ipswich, Ms., in 1707, and graduated H. 
C. 1725. He received ordination, without a pastoral charge, by a council, which 
met at York, July 13. 1712. The ministers of the council were Rev. -Messrs. 
Jeremiah Wise of Berwick, Me. ; Nicholas Gilman of Durham, N. II. ; John 
Rogers of Kittery, (now Eliot,) Me. ; and Samuel Moody of York, Me. Rev. 
Daniel Rogers "had been many years a tutor in Harvard College, was a pious 
faithful minister of Jesus Christ, and a worthy son of Rev. John Rogers, pastor 
of the lirst church in Ipswich, who died, Dec. 28, 1745, in his 80th year, lie 
was a son of John Rogers of the same place, a physician, and preacher of 
God's word, and President of Harvard College, who died, July 2, 1684, aged 
54 years. He was eldest son of the Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, who came from 
England, in 1636, settled at Ipswich, colleague pastor with the Rev. Nathaniel 
Ward, and died, July 2, 1655, aired 57 years, lie was son of the Rev. John 
Rogers, a famous minister of God's woul at Dedham, in England, who died Oct. 
18, 1<)3L>, aged 07 years. He was grandson of John Rogers of London, Preben- 
dary of St Paul's, Vicar of St. Sepulchre's, and Reader of Divinity, who was 
burnt at Smithfield, Feb. 14, 1555, lirst martyr in Queen Mary's reign. : ' [Mon- 
umental Stone ; Alden' s Epitaphs.] Rev. Daniel Rogers died, Dec. i», 1785, aged 
70. When the Covenant of the 2nd church was adopted, it was signed by 30 
males and 11 females. During Mr Rogers' ministry, 22 males and 39 females 
were added. It is well known, that Mr. Whitelield preached a few times at 
Exeter. During the last week in September, 1770, he preached four times in 
Portsmouth. On Saturday morning he rode to Exeter, and preached to a large 
concourse of people, assembled in the open air. It was his last sermon. In 
the afternoon, lie rode to Newburyport, where lie died the next morning, on the 
30th of September. He was interred on the 2nd of October. Of his pall bear- 
ers were Rev. Dr. Haven of Portsmouth, and Rev. Daniel Rogers of Exeter. 
" When the corpse was placed at the foot of the pulpit close to the vault, the 
Rev. Daniel Rogers made a very atieeting prayer, and openly confessed that 
under God, he owed his conversion to that man of God whose precious remains 
now lay before them. Then he cried out, my father, my father! Then 
stopped and wept, as though his heart would break ; and the people weeping 
all through the place. Then he recovered, and finished his prayer and sat down 
and wept." [Dr. Gillie's Memoirs of U'hitefuld.] 

The Rev. Joseph Brown was educated at Lady Huntingdon's Seminary, and 
was settled in the ministry at Epping, Essex, England, until he came to this 
country. When dismissed at Exeter, he removed to Deer Isle, Me., where he 
was installed, 1801, and where he died, Sept. 13, 1819, aged 57. From the 
death of Mr. Rogers to the close of Mr. Brown's ministry, in the 2nd church in 
Exeter, there were added fourteen males, and twenty-four females. During 
Mr. Brown's residence at Deer Isle, he was engaged in soliciting aid for some 

* This is not the church of which the Rev. Mr. llurd is pastor. 



216 Congregational Churches and [July, 

charitable enterprise, For that purpose he called on some of the people of 
Portsmouth. They received him kindly, and only objected that they had just 
been doing fortius, — that, — and the other objects of benevolence. His reply 
is worthy of notice tor the sentiment it contains : i: 1 love to come among these 
have been doing folks.'' On the church book are the baptisms of his son Amer- 
icas, in 1793 ; his son Charles Moulson, in 1794 ; and his son Daniel Rogers, 
in 1797. Itev. Charles M. Brown has been a zealous and useful Seamen's 
Chaplain. From the close of Mr. Urown's ministry, in the 2nd chmch in 
Exeter, to 1802, there were admitted three males, and nine females. There is 
thru a chasm in the records, till Sept. 18, 1823, when a majority of the mem- 
bers remaining in Exeter, -ami they females, met at the house of Mrs. Martha 
Poor. Their proceedings are regularly entered in the church book, the last 
date being May 22, 1824. 

They had no pastor after Mr. Brown. For a few years they had occasional 
preaching. They never formally disbanded ; but mo.->t of them united, or min- 
gled in the observance of religious ordinances, witli other churches. Their 
meeting-house stood where Maj. Waddy Y. Cobb's house now stands, on Front 
street. 

A New Chunk was formed Dec. 24, 1813, which is now styled " The Second 
Church in Exeter." The ministers invited on the occasion by Letters Missive 
from li several members of the Religious Society, in the Upper Congregational 
Society in Exeter," were the Rev. Messrs. Porter of Rye, Holt of Epping, 
Abbot of Hampton Falls, Webster of Hampton, and French of North Hampton. 

Mr. Hosea Hildreth, professor of mathematics and natural philosophy, in the 
Academy, and who was also a preacher, supplied the pulpit for some time. Mr. 
Hildreth was ordained in Gloucester, Ms., in 1S-J5; and installed in West- 
borough, Ms., in 1834. He died in Sterling, Ms., his native place, July 10, 
1835, aged 53. 

Hev. hoar. Hard, pastor of the present Second Church, was born in Charles- 
town, Ms., Dee. 7, 17S.3 ; graduated II. C. 1806; studied theology with Rev. 
Dr. Osgood of Mcdford, Ms. ; and afterwards at Divinity Hall, in Edinburgh, 
Scotland ; and commenced preaching in the city of London. He was ordained 
pastor of the First Church in Lynn, Ms., Sept; 15, 1813, resigned May 22, 
1816, and was, by the unanimous invitation of " The Second Congregational 
Church, in Exeter," installed their pastor, Sept. 11, 1817. The sermon was 
preached by the Rev. Daniel Dana, D. I)., of Newburyport, from 2 Tim. i : 7. 

The father of Mr. Hurd was Joseph Herd, Esq., of CnarlestOvvn, Ms., whose 
brother, Isaac Hurd, M. D., graduated at II. C. in 1770, and was a physician 
of celebrity, in Concord, Ms. The Rev. Mr. Hurd married, March 10. 1819, 
Mrs. Elisabeth Emery of Exeter, whose maiden name was Folsom. One of 
the sons of Mr. Hurd died in early childhood. His other son, Francis Parkman 
Hurd, graduated at II. C. in 1839, and received the degree of M. D. from the 
University of Pennsylvania, in 1845. 

Gosi'okt, or Star island, is one of a cluster of eight small islands usually 
called The Isles of Shoals, composed of beds of rocks, partly covered with 
soil. They are about nine miles from Portsmouth Light House, and twenty- 
one from Newburyport Lights. Five of these islands are within the limits of 
Maine. Of these, Hog Island is the largest of the whole group, and contains 
about 350 acres. Of the three in New Hampshire, Gosport, or Star Island, 
formerly called Appledore, is the largest, and contains 150 acres. White 
Island, on which the Light House is located, is only one acre. These islands 
were visited, as early as Kill, by the celebrated navigator, John Smith, who 
gave them his own name; but they have long been called "The Isles of 
Shoals." They invited settlement, merely by the advantages they furnished 
for lishery. This business was prosperous, for about a century, previous to the 
American Revolution. The population varied from 300 to 600, employing a 
number of schooners and other craft. A meeting-house, previous to 1041, was 
erected on Hog Island, where the people from the several islands used to 
assemble. There was also a Court House on the same island. At a subsequent 
period, a meeting-house was built on Star Island, where the greater part of the 
inhabitants have resided. 



1817.] Ministers in Rockingham County, 217 

Rev. Joseph Hull came from England, and settled in Weymouth, Ms., in 
163.3. He resigned in 1639, and afterwards preached at the Isles oi Shoals. 
He i.s mentioned as "of the Isle of Shojes," by Hr. Cotton Mather, in his list of 
the first class of New England ministers. [Mugnalia, Vol. I., J>. 3.] 

Rev. John Brock came to New England in 1637. lit; commenced preaching 
in Rowley, and afterward labored, a number of years, at the Shoals, lit- was 
esteemed eminently pious. The celebrated Mr Mitchel of Cambridge said of 
him, :i He dwells as near heaven as any man upon earth." Ilov. John Allin of 
Dedham observed, a I scarce ever knew any man so familiar with the great 
God as his dear servant Brock. " There were several remarkable coincidences 
between Mr. Brock's prayers and providential occurrences afterward. A man, 
whose principal property was his fishing-bout,' and who had been very service- 
able in conveying to the place of meeting the inhabitants of other islands, 
lost his boat in a storm. He lamented bis loss to Mr. Brock, who said to him, 
c - Go home, honest man, I '11 mention the matter to the Lord, you '11 have your 
boat to-morrow." Mr. Brock made the matter a subject of prayer. The next 
day the anchor of a vessel fastened upon the boat and drew it up. 

The people were persuaded by Mr. Brock to observe one day in each month, 
as an extra season of religious exercises. On one occasion, the roughness of 
the weather had for several days prevented fishing; On the day of meeting, 
the weather was fine, and the men wished the meeting put by. Mr. Brock, 
perceiving that they were detei mined not to attend, said to them, If you will go 
away, I say unto you, catch fish if you can. Rut as for you that will tarry and 
worship the Lord Jesus Christ this day, I will pray unto him for you, that you may 
take fish till you are weary. Thirty men went away, arid five tarried. The 
thirty caught but four fishes. The live, who tarried, went out afterward and 
took about live hundred. 

Mr. Brock continued at the Shoals till 1662, when he removed to Heading, 
Ms., where he was settled, as successor of Rev. Samuel Hough, whose widow 
he married, and where he continued till his death, in his 68th year. For other 
particulars of Mr. Brock see Magna.lia, Vol. II., B. 4, and Am. t}uar. Reg., Vol. 
VIII.j p. 140. and Vol. XL, pp. 170, 190. 

Rev: Samuel Belcher, who graduated II. C. in 1059, was preacher at the Shoals 
in 1G7'2. From 1698 to 171 1, he was pastor of. the '2nd church in Newbury, 
which became the 1st in West Newbury, lie died in Ipsw.ich, his native place, 
Aug. 13, 1714, aged 74. '' He was a good scholar, a judicious divine; and a 
holy, humble man." [Am, Quar. Reg., Vol. VI f., p. 259,] 

Rev. John Tucke is understood to have been the only pastor ever ordained at 
the Shoals. The writer of this article has not been able to ascertain how the 
people were supplied, during the forty .years immediately preceding the set- 
tlement of Mr. Tucke. Mr. Tucke was the son of John, who was the son of Ed- 
ward, who was the son of Robert, who emigrated from Gorlston, Suffolk, Eng., 
about the year 1030, and was among the first settlers in Hampton, N. II. Mr. 
Tucke's ordination sermon was preached by Rev. Jabez Fitch of Portsmouth, from 
Matt, iv : 1!) — 1 will make you fishers of men. It is said that Mr. Tucke was fur- 
nished with a large library, and was, notwithstanding his isolated situation, ex- 
tensively acquainted with the a tlairs of his times, lie was one of the forty-live 
ministers, whose attestations, by letter, to the revival in 1743, were published. 
His remains rest in Gosport. The following inscription on his monumental 
stone, has been considered a just tribute to his memory. 

Underneath 

art'; the remains of the 

Rev. John Tuck, A. M. 

He graduated at Harvard 

College A. D. 1723 — was ordained 

here July 20. 1732 

and died August 12. 1773. 

/E.72. 

He was allaMe and polite in his manners ; 

amiable in his disposition ; 

0! great Piety ami Inteyrilyj 

given to hospitality ; 



248 Congregational Churches and [July, 

Diligent and faithful in his pastoral 
office, well learned in History and 

Geography, as well as general 

Science, and a careful Physician 

both to the bodies and 

The souls of 

his people. 

Mr. Tucke married, Nov. 26, 1724, Maty Dole of Hampton, a descendant of 
Richard Dole of Newbury. 

Rev. John Tucke, son of Mr. Tucke of the Shoals, was born in 17-10, grad- 
uated 11. C. 1758 ; ordained at Epsom, Sept. 23, 1761. married, March 4, 1762, 
to Mary, daughter of Rev, Samuel Parsons of Rye. Love M., daughter of Mr. 
Tucke of Epsom, married Simeon Drake. These last mentioned were the parents 
of Samuel G. Drake, M. A., of Boston. Mr. Tucke of Epsom remained in that 
place till the time of the Revolution. While on his way to join the army as 
Chaplain, he was taken with the small-pox, of which he died in Salem, N. V., 
Feb. ( J, 1777, in the 37th year of his age. 

Not long after the death of the Rev. Mr. Tucke of Gosport, the war of the 
Revolution commenced. The inhabitants were exceedingly exposed ; business 
was arrested, and many left the Islands not to return. The population for the 
last half century, has varied from 66 to 103. The preachers who have resided 
there have also instructed the school, ami have been supported in part, by the 
inhabitants, and in part by contributions from benevolent societies, and individ- 
uals. Near the beginning of the present century, Rev. Josiah Stevens was lo- 
cated at the Shoals.. There was at that time, a comfortable parsonage house, 
and a stone meeting-house, which was also the school-house, on Gosport. Mr. 
Stevens was much respected and beloved, and very useful as a minister and 
teacher. He was born in Killingworth, Ct.. about 1710. in mature age, he re- 
moved, with his wife and live or six childien, to Newport, N. 11. He aided in 
founding the church in that place, and was one of its deacons. He served two 
short terms in the Revolutionary war ; and was in the battle of Bennington. 
A fellow-soldier spake of him, as a man of decided piety, who amidst the bustle 
of the camp, was constant in his morning and evening devotions. Immediately 
after the adoption of the State Constitution, he received a civil commission, and 
transacted much business, as a magistrate. He was often engaged in teaching. 
After commencing to preach, he labored for a time in Goshen. His father was 
Josiah Stevens. A son of Rev. Mr. Stevens, Maj. Josiah Stevens, was also a 
deacon of the church in Newport, where he died, in 1844, aged 81. Ik was 
father of Hon. Josiah Stevens of Concord, who was born in Newport, Jan. 28, 
1795, and was in 1838 elected Secretary of State. His eldest son is Josiah. 
The Rev. Mr. Stevens died in Gosport, where the following inscription is found 
on his gravestone : 

In memory of the Rev. Josiah Stevens, a faithful instructor of youth, and pious 
minister of Jesus Christ, (supported on this Island, by the Society for propagating the 
gospel,) who died, July 2, 1804, aged 64 years. 

Rev. Samuel Scioall, who labored several years as pastor in Edgecomb, Me., 
removed in 1824 to the Isles of Shoals, " being employed by a benevolent 
society in Newburyport and vicinity, as a missionary, and continued in this 
employment until the time of his death." He died in Rye, N. H.. after a short 
sickness, March 16, 1826, leaving the character of an exemplary Christian, 
and a devoted and useful minister. Rev. Origen Smith, of the Free-will Bap- 
tist denomination, preached there in 1837. Recently, the Society for Propa- 
gating the Gospel have employed Rev. A. Plumcr as preacher, and Mrs. Plu- 
mer, as teacher. 

Greenland. It is not ascertained when the church w r as gathered at Green- 
land. It consisted of nineteen members when the Rev. William Allen, their 
first minister, was ordained, lie was born in Boston, Ms., in 1676, graduated 
II. C. in 1703 ; ordained July 15, 1707 ; died, Sept. 8, 1760, aged Si. .Rev. Dr. 
Langdon, in his sermon at the ordination of Mr. Macelintock, as colleague, said 



1847.] Ministers in Rockingham County, 219 

to tin; people, '■' Let not your affections bo withdrawn from him } who has spent 
his strength in your service ; and now, bowing under his infirmities, is no 
longer able to perform his public work ; but is preparing to leave yov : that he 
may join the church triumphant. Remember he is still your pastor ; and, tho' 
he cannot minister to you as formerly, he is still concerned for your spiritual 
welfare, pouring out his soul the more earnestly in pra) er for you. as he sees the 
time of his departure is at band," During Mr. Allen's ministry 293 were added 
to the church. In 1728, forty-lour were added; in 1735, thirty; in 1742, thirty; 
in lTrui, the last year of his active ministry, thirteen. Mrs. Eleanor Allen, his 
consort, died Jan. Hi, 1734-5, aged 52 : "an early convert, eminent for holiness, 
prayerfulness, watchfulness, zeal, prudence, weanedness from the world, self- 
denial, faithfulness, and charity." Mr. Allen i> said to have married, lor his 
second wife, Elisabeth VVeare of Hampton Falls. 

Jlcr. Samuel Macelintoek, J). /)., second pastor, was a son of Mr. William 
Macelintoek, who came from the north of Ireland, and settled in Medford, .Ms. ; 
was a respectable farmer, the husband of tour wives, the father of nineteen chil- 
dren, and died aged t*o. His third wile accompanied him to this country. She 
was the mother of Samuel, who was bom at Medford, May 1, 1 73J. He was 
religiously educated, from early childhood. His classical education, which 
commenced in the grammar-school, at Medford, was continued under the in- 
struction of the celebrated Master Minot, at Concord, Ms. ; and, afterward, under 
the preceptorship of the Rev. Mr. Ahercrombie, a clergyman, eminent for piety 
and learning, in an Academy, wear Northampton, Ms. Mr. Macelintoek gradu- 
ated at the College of New Jersey, 1751. Before the expiration of his senior year, 
lie was invited, by Pies. Burr, to accept an appointment to a tutorship, which, on 
account of other plans, he declined. He was ordained at Greenland, colleague 
with Mr. Allen, Nov. 3, 17ai). The strain of Dr. Macelintock's preaching was 
evangelical, serious, instructive, plain, and practical ; his style manly and ner- 
vous ; his delivery solemn and unalieeted. His sermons were always the fruit 
of close application, and finished with a degree of accuracy, that few attempt, 
and fewer attain. 

He ardently espoused the cause of his country ; and was repeatedly with the 
army in the Revolution, in the capacity of Chaplain. Three of his .sons fell in 
the contest. He had fifteen children by his first marriage, and one by his sec- 
ond. His last preaching was on the annual Fast, April 19, 1804. He died of 
a pulmonic fever on the 27th of the same month. His funeral sermon was 
preached by Rev. Dr. Buctaminster of Portsmouth, from 1 Cor. iii : 22. The 
executor of Dr. Macelintock's will was directed by him, to place only a plain 
stone at his grave, for which he had prepared the last sentence of the following 
inscription. 

" To the Memory of Samuel M.icch'ntock, D. D. who died April 27, ISO I, in the 72d 
year of his age, and the ISth of his ministry. His body rests here in the certain hope of a 
resurrection to life and immortality, when Christ shall appear, the scrum/ time, to cons.umma.te 
the great design of his mediatorial kingdom.'' [.llden's Epitaphs; Dr. Buckminstcr's Serm.\ 

Dr. Macelintock's publications were, a Sermon on the Justice of God in the 
Mortality of Man, 1759 ; the Artifices of Deceivers, 1770; Herodias, or cruelty 
and revenge the effects of unlaw fid pleasure, 1772 ; Sermon at the commence- 
ment of the new Constitution in New Hampshire, 1784; Correspondence with 
Rev. John Co-sens Ogden, 17H1 ; Sermon, The Choice, occasioned by the 
drought, the fever, and the prospect of war, 1798 ; Oration, commemorative of 
Washington, 1800. [Allen's Biog. Die.: PUcataijua Evan. Mag. Vol. l.j 

Rev. James Armstrong Neal, third pastor in Greenland, was a son of John 
Neal of Portsmouth, afterward of Londonderry, who married Alary Leavitt of 
North Hampton. Their other children were Moses Leavitt, Esq., of Dover, 
N. II. ; John, superintendent of the Orphan house, Charleston, S. C. ; Mary, 
wife of Maj. Gershorn Cheney, of Rutland, Vt. ; Sarah P>. ; Sophia U r ., who 
married Capt. Samuel l\ Leavitt o( North Hampton; Joseph, of [tampion; 
and Nathaniel P., of New Sharon, Me. Lev. Mr. Xeal was born in 177 I. Ho 
had a good academical education, and was some years preceptor of a young- 

1() 



2-"0 Congregational Churches and Ministers. [July, 

ladies' school, in Philadelphia, He was patronized by Rev. Dr. Green, to 
whose church he belonged, and under whose direction he commenced his the- 
ological studies. Although he had not been a member of any college, Mich 
were his literary attainments, that Dr. Nesbit, President of Dickinson College, 
conferred upon him the degree of M. A. in 1802. .Mr. Neal received license 
from the Piscataqua Association. He was ordained at Greenland, May 22, 
1807. The exercises were, Prayer by Rev. Peter Holt of Epping; Sermon by 
Rev. Jesse Appleton of Hampton, from Hag. ii : 6,7; Ordaining Prayer by 
Rev. William Morrison of Londonderry ; Charge by Rev. Timothy Upnam of 
Deerfield ; Fellowship by Rev. J. French of North Hampton ; Prayer by Rev. 
11. Porter of Rye. Mr. Neal possessed popular talents, and died much 
regretted, after s'uifering greatly, from an organic disease of the heart, July 18, 
l.sos, aged 34. He married Christiana Palmer, a lady from Kelso, Scotland. 
They had two sons. The oldest, John P., died Nov. 14, 1806, aged 2 years. 
Their other son, Joseph Clay Neal, has resided in Philadelphia, and is known 
to the public, as the editor of the Philadelphia!! ; author of the Charcoal 
Sketches. [Piscat. En. Mag.; Aldcii's Epitaphs; Graham's Mag.] 

Rev. Ephraim Abbot, fourth pastor in Greenland, was of the Concord branch 
of the Abbot family, lie was born in New Castle, Me., in 1779. His father 
was Benjamin, who was son of Benjamin of Concord, who was son of Thomas, 
who was son of George, who settled in Andover, Ms., in 1647, and who is said 
to have emigrated from Yorkshire, England. Rev. Mr. Abbot of Greenland 
graduated H. C. 1806, and at And. Theo. Sem. 1810, and was ordained at Green- 
land, Oct. 27, 1813. The sermon was by Rev. Eliphalet Pearson, LL. D., from 
Matt, x : 16. Mr. Abbot married Mary Holyuke, daughter of Dr. Pearson, who, 
after lie resigned his professorship in the And. Theo. Sem. resided in Mr. 
Abbot's family, in Greenland, where he deceased, in 1826. For some account 
of Mr. Abbot's missionary labors, before he was settled at Greenland, see "The 
New Hampshire Repository/ 3 Vol. II., No. 2. 

Mr. Abbot's health becoming infirm, in consequence of a wound in his side, 
and not being able to confine himself entirely to the labors of a pastor, he be- 
came the first preceptor of the Academy in the place, established by George 
Bracket, Esq. He resigned his ministry, Oct. 28, 1828. The church, at his 
ordination, consisted of nineteen members. During his ministry thirty-seven 
were added! He removed to Westford. Ms., and took charge of the Academy 
in that place. His second marriage was with Miss Bancroft, daughter of Amos 
Bancrott, M. D.. of Groton, Ms. 

Rev. Samuel Wallace Clark was born in Hancock, N. H., Dec. 15, 1795, grad- 
uated D. C. 1803 ; ordained at Greenland, Aug. 5, 1829. His lather, John Clark, 
was grandson of Robeit Clark, who emigrated from the north of Ireland to Lon- 
donderry, N. H., in company with the early settlers of that place ; though not 
among the first. Rev. S. W. Clark was the second of ten children, and the 
eldest of four sons. His brother, Rev. William Clark, was several years pastor 
of the 1st church in Wells', Me., and has since been extensively known, in his 
agency for the A. B. C. F. M. Rev. Mr. Clark of Greenland married Frances 
M., daughter of Dea. Robert Clark, for many years an elder of the Presbyterian 
church, in New Boston. She deceased July 12, 1832, leaving one child, Fran- 
ces Wallace. Mr. Clark's second marriage was with Rebecca Elisabeth Howe, 
a descendant of the Pilgrim, John Alden. She is a daughter of Josiah Howe, 
M. D., of Templeton, and afterwards of Westminster, Ms. The children of Mr. 
Clark, by the second marriage, were John Howe, Lucy Barrow, and William 
Wallace; the last of whom deceased Aug. 19, 1846. 

When Mr. Clark was ordained, his church consisted of twenty-eight mem- 
bers. In 1S4G, there were forty communicants. 



1847.1 Genealosries. 251 



GENEALOGIES 



THE WOLCOTT FAMILY. 

INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

Henry Wolcott was the first of the Wolcott Family who settled in New 
England. He owned a considerable landed property in his native country, 
which he hold in capite, part of which he sold about the time he left England ; 
the rest of the estate was sold at sundry times by himself and his descendants ; 

the last remains were sold since the Declaration of Independence, by Henry 
Allen, Esq., of Windsor, who claimed it by female descent. From circum- 
stances it seems probable that the family are of Saxon origin. Mr. Wolcott, to 
avoid the ecclesiastical hierarchy of the English Church, was induced to come 
into this country. lie lirst settled at Dorchester, where he continued till 1036, 
when he came with the first settlers to the town of Windsor, and with four other 
gentlemen, namely, Mr. Ludlow, Mr. Newberry, Mr. Stoughton, and Major Ma- 
son, undertook the settlement of that town, to which they gave the name Dorches- 
ter. The towns of Hartford and Welhersfield were settled the same year, though 
the town which is now called Windsor was, upon the first emigration, by far 
the most considerable. Previous to this settlement on Connecticut River, one 
had been made at Springfield, under the patronage of Mr. Pynchon ; and an 
earlier settlement, with commercial views, had been made at Saybrook, by Mr. 
Fenwick, agent to Lords Say and Seal and Brook. Those who settled on Con- 
necticut River, in the year 1636, were united with the people of Massachusetts 
in religious ana civil polity, and seem to have been much under their influence till 
1G38, whim they adopted a civil constitution for themselves, and Mr. Ludlow 
was chosen their first Governor, and Mr. Wolcott a magistrate, then called an 
Assistant, to which otlice he was annually chosen till his death, in 1(355. His 
eldest son Henry was one of the Patentees, whose name is inserted in the 
Charter granted by Charles II. Mr. Ludlow went to the West Indies, and 
left no posterity in this country. Major Mason, it is said, had no male posterity. 
The descendants of the others are well known in Windsor. 

GENEALOGY. 

Henry Wolcott, Esq., was Lorn A. D. 1578; and on or about the year 
1G07, married Elisabeth Sanders, who was born in 1589. lie lived in 
Tolland, near Taunton in Somersetshire, England, till the year 1G30, 
and then to avoid persecution, came with his family into New Eng- 
land, and settled at Dorchester. In the year 1G3G, lie went with his 
family to Windsor in Connecticut, Mr. Wolcott, Mr. Ludlow, Mr. New- 
berry, Mr. Stoughton, and Major Mason, were the five gentlemen that 
undertook the settling of the town. Air. Wolcott was one of the lirst 
magistrates in the Colony of Connecticut; he lived in that post in 
Windsor, till he died, May 30, 1035. His wife died July 7, IG55, and 
she and her husband lie buried in one tomb in Windsor. Their chil- 
dren were 

1. Anna, who m. Matthew Griswold and d. at Lyme. 2. Henry Wolcott, Esq., b. 
1610,d. at Windsor, July \j, lf.NO. 3. Ueorsje,' who 'd. at WcthiysliuUI, Feb. 12, 1003. 
1. Christopher, who d. in Windsor, Sept. 7, lOiVj-. :.. .Mary, in. Job Drake, and d, in 
Windsor, Sept. 0, LOsU. 0. Simon, b. L02o,d. in Windsor, Sept. 11, 10N7 ; his wiie'd. Oct. 

lit. 171'J. 



252 Genealogies. [July, 

The children of Henry, .son of Henry, by his wife, Sarah Newberry, 
were 

1. Henry, b. Jan. G, 1643. <I. in Windsor. 2. John, b. Feb. 2S, 1G46, d. in Windsor, Jan 
11,1712. 3. Samuel, b. Oct. 8, 1647, (1. Juno 14, 1695. 4. Sarah, b. July 5, 1649, m 
Walter l'riee and d. at Salem. 0. Mary, b. Pec. 8. 1G51, in. James Russell, Esq., and d 
at Charlestown. G. Hannah, b. March 8, 100*1, d. Sept. 4, 1GS3. 7. Josiah, b. July 22, 
1658, d. at Salem, Feb. 9, 1729. 

Tlic children of Henry, son of Henry, son of Henry, by his wife 
Abigail Goss, were 

1. Elisabeth, m. .Matthew Allyn, Esq., Windsor. 2. Abiah. 3. Henry. 4. Sarah, 

m. Charles Chance)-, d. at Stratiield. 0. Samuel, d. 1707. 

The children of John, son of Henry, son of Henry, by his wife, IMary 
Chester, were 

1. John, d. 17,70. 2. Charles. 3. George. 4. Benjamin. 5. Mary, m. John Elliot, Esq. 

The children of John, son of John, son of Henry, son of Henry, by 
his wife, Hannah Newberry, were 

1. Mary, b. Sept., 1701. 2. Hannah, m. I'riah Loomis of Windsor. 3. John, m. Mary 
Hawley. 4. Anne, h. Dee. 10, 171 1. .7. Abigail, b. Sept., 1717. 6. Jerusha, b. Jan. 18, 
1710, ni. Erastus Wolcott, Esq. 

The children of John, son of John, son of John, son of Henry, son 
of Henry, by Mary Hawley, were 

1. Mary, 1>. Dec. 0, 1730, m. Abiel Grant. 2. Lorana, b. June 5, 1739, m. Jonathan 
Bement. 3. Hope, b. Dec. -JO, 1742, m. Nathaniel Drake. 4. Benjamin, b. Oct. 26, 1741. 
5. Anne, b. March G, 1747, m. Vansant. 

The children of Benjamin, the son of John, son of John, son of John, 
the son of Henry, the son of Henry, by Abigail Pinney, were 

1. Miriam, b. Aug. 20, 1700, d. May 20, 1773. 2. Caroline, b. Aug. 20, 1709. 3. Eleanor, 
b. Dec. IS, 1770, d. Oct. IS, 1770. 4. Talcot, b. Oct. 1, 1772. 5. Chester, b. Jan. 23, 1770. 
0. Eleanor, b. Nov. 2, 1770. 7. Benjamin, b. Dec. 10, 177s. s. Clarissa, b. June 10, 1761. 
9. James, b. June 23, 1784. 10. John, b. July 23, 17S0, d. May 21, 17S7. 

The children of Charles, the son of John, son of Henry, son of Hen- 
ry, were 

1. Sarah. 2. Elisabeth. 3. George. 4. Mary. rn. Jonathan North. 5. Eunice, m. 
Benoni Olcott. 

The children of Samuel, son of Henry, son of Henry, were 

1. Samuel, b. 1070, d. at Wethersncid, Sept., 1731. 2. Josiah, b. Feb., 1682, d. Oct. 8, 
1712. 3. Hannah, b. March 19. 1GS4. tn. William Burnham. 4. Sarah, b. Aug. 14, 1GSG. 
0. Lucy, b. Oct. It's 1GSS. 0. Abigail, b. Sept. 23, 1690, d. Sept. 9. 1711. 7. Elisabeth, 
b. May 31, 109-2. 8. Mary, b. May 11, 1001. 

The children of Samuel, son of Samuel, son of Henry, son of Henry, 
were 

1. Abigail, b. June 3, 1707. 2. Oliver, b. Oct. 2, 1700, d. 1734. 3. Samuel, b. April 
13, 1713. 4. Mehetabel, Aug. 12, 1710. 0. Elisha, b. Sept. 20, 1717. 0. Josiah, b. March 
20, 1720. 

The children of Josiah, son oC Henry, son of Henry, were, by Penel- 
ope Curwin, his wife, 

1. Elisabeth, b. March 30, IG8S, d. July 12, 1702; 

by Mrs. Mary Treat, 

2. Josiah, b. Dec. 91, 1 090, d. Jan. 4, 1691. 3. Treat, b. March 26, 1690, d. July 7, 1000. 
4. Thomas, b. June 93, 1697, d. Sept. 13, 1097. 0. Mehetabel, b. Aug. 3. 1698, d. July 6, 


















. 






























1847.] The Wolcott Family. 253 

1721. G. Josiah, b. July 11, 1700, d. July 31, 1700. 7. John,'b. S(?pt. 12, 1702. 8. Elis- 
abeth, 1). April 1, 1705, d. June 24, 1710. 9. Mary, b. July 13, 170G, d. July 3D, L700. 
10. Treat, b, Oct. 9, 1713. 

The children of John, son of Josiah, son of Henry, son of Henry, were 
1. John, b. Nov. 2, 1721, d. Nov. 27, 1731. 

The children of George, son of Henry, were 
1. George. 'J. Elisabeth. 3. John. 1. Mercy. 

The children of Simon, son of Henry, by Martha Pitkin, his wife, 
were 

1. Elisabeth, b. Aug. 10, 1GG2, m. Daniel Cooley, d. Jan. 30, 1707. 2. Martha, b. May 
17, 10G4. in. Thomas Allyu, d. Sept. 7, 1GS7. 3. Simon, b. June 21, LGGG,d. Oct. 3d, 1732. 
'1. Joanna, b. June 30, 1GGS, m. John Cotton, 0. Henry, b. May 20, 1G70, d. Nov., 17 10. 
0. Christopher, b. July 1, 1G72, d. April 3, 1G93. 7. Mary, b. 107 1, cl. 1G76. 8. William, 
b. Nov. G. 1076, d. Lu\. 0, 17 10. 0. Roger, b. Jan. 1, 107'.', Governor of Connecticut, d. 
May 17, 1707. 

The children of Simon, son of Simon, son oi Henry, by Sarah 
Chester, were 

1. Sarah, rn. Samuel Treat. 2. Martha, m. William Stoughton. 3. Simon. 4. Chris- 
topher. S.Eunice. 6. James, b. 1700, d. in 1748. 

The children of Henry, son of Simon, son of Henry, were 

1. Henry. 2. Thomas. 3. Peter, d. Dec. 1735. -1. Rachel, m. Joseph Hunt. 0. Gideon. 

Henry, son of Henry, son of Simon, son of Henry, had 
1. Henry. — Peter, son of Henry, son of Simon, son of Henry, had Giles. 

The children of Gideon, the son of Henry, son of Simon, son of 
Henry, were, by Abigail Mather, 

1. Abigail, b. April 10, 1711, m. Charles Rockwell ; 
by Naomi Olmsted, 

2. Samuel, b. April 1, 1701. 3. Naomi, b. Sept. 28, 1701, m. Rev. William Robison. 4. 
Gideon, b. Nov. 2$, 1700. 0. Eli/.ur, b. April 12, 1700. 

The children of Samuel, son of Gideon, son of Henry, son of Simon, 
son of Henry, by Jerusha Woleotl Ids wife, were 

1. Jerusha, b. Oct. S, 1770. 2. Naomi, b. Oct. 10, 1777. 3. Samuel, b. Dec. 12, 1781. 
4, Elihu, b. Feb. 1.2, 1781. 0. Sophia, b. March -J9, 17SG. 0. Ursula, b. Nov. 17, 17SS. 

The children of William, son of Simon, son of Henry, by Abiah 
Hawley, his wife, were 

1. Abiah, m. Samuel Stoiighton, Windsor. 2. Lucia, m. Stephen Olmsted, Hartford. 

3. William, b. July 2\ 1711. 4. Martha, m. Chapin, Springfield. 0. Ephruim. 

The children of William, son of William, son of Simon, son of 
Henry, by Abigail Abbot, his wife, were 

1. Eunice, b. Dec 11, 17 17. 2. Eunice, b. March I, 1750. ::. Abigail, b. Dec. 'JO. 1701. 
4 William, b. Feb. 10, 1703, m. Esther Stevens at Custleton. 0. Abigail, b. Feb. 8, 
1700, m. Oliver Ellsworth, E 5 <p of Windsor. 0. Martha, b. April S\, 1707. 7. Abiel, b. 
Aug. 10, 1701. 

The children of Ephraim, son uf William, son of Simon, sou of 
Henry, by Mary Kellogg, his wife, were 
1. Sarah, b. Feb. 23, 17C0, m. Josiah Bissell, Windsor. 2. Ephraim, b. Feb. 20, 17G2. 





















. 









2o4 Genealogies, [July, 

The children of Roger, son of Simon, son of Henry, by Sarah Drake, 
his wife, were 

1. Roger, b. Sept. 14, 1701, d. Oct. 10, 1756. 2. Elisabeth, b. April 10, 1700, m . Roger 
Newberry, Windsor. 3. Alexander, b. Jan. 20, 170S, d. Oct. IS, 1711. 4. Samuel, I,. 
Jan. 9, 1709, d. Dec. 27, 1717. 5. Alexander, b. Jan. 7, 1712. G. (still-born,) b. Dec. 

10, 1712. 7. Sar.ih, b. Jan. 31, 1715, d. Jan. 5, 1735. 8. Hepsibah, b. June 23, 1717, m 
John Strong, E. Windsor. 9. Josiah, 1.. Feb. 0; 1719. 10. Erastus* b. Feb 8, 1721, d. 
May 12, 1.722. 1 1. Epaphras,* b. Feb. 8, 1721, d. April 3, 1733. 12. Erastus, b. Sept. 21 
1722. 13. Ursula,!). Oct. 30, 1724. m. Matthew GriswoW, Esq., Lyme. 14. Oliver, b. 
Nov. 20, 172G, Governor of Connecticut, d. at Litchfield, Dec. l, 1797. 15. Maryanna, 
b. Jan. 1, 1730, m. Thomas Williams, Esq., Brookliue. 

The children of Roger, son of Roger, son of Simon, son of Henry, 
by Mary Newberry, his wife, were 

1. Roger, b. Sept. 18, 1729, d. Pec 15, 1720. 2. Mary, b. Oct. 15, 1730, d. Aug. 15, 
1737. 3. Roger, b. June 10, 1733, d. Nov. 1, 173G. -1. Sarah, b. June 7, 1735. m. Elisha 
Steel, Esq , of Tolland. 5. Roger, b. Nov. 10, 1737. 0. Epaphras, b. May 2. 1740. 7. 
Mary, b. April 4, 17 12, m. John Goodale. S. Emelia, b Oct. 20. 17 11. .1. Feb. 25, 17-15. 
9. Parmenio, b. April 17, 1710. 10. Emelia, b. Oct. 27, 1750, m. Marvin Lord of Lyme 

11. Martha, b. April 23, 1753, d. May V, 1753. 

The children of Roger, son of Roger, son of Roger, son of Simon, 
son of Henry, by Dorcas Bnrnham, his wife, were 

l. Martha, b. Oct. 29,1777, (?) m. Samuel Treat, Windsor, d. Apiil 27, 1781. 2. Roger, 

b. May 25, 1700. 3. Aimer, b. March 12, 1702, d. May 11, 1702. 1. Jemima, b. May 14, 
170:5, m. James Steel. 5. Cornelius, b. July 12, 1705. 0. Hannah, b. Aug. 1,1769, d. 
Dec. 31,1709. 7. Abigail, b. Dec. 11, 1770. 8. Seth, b. Oct. 11, 1773; 9. Emelia, b.Julv 
17, 1770, d. July 20, 1770. 10. Emelia, b. Feb. 2, 1779. 11. Oliver, b. March G, 17S0, d. 
April 21, 1781. 12. Rhoda, b. April 13, 1785. 

The children of Roger, son of Roger, son of Roger, son of Roger, son 
of Simon, son of Henry, by Mary Steel, his wife, were 

1. Maryann, b. Nov. 11, 17S4. 2. Mehetabel, b. May 19, 1786, d. July 13, 1787. 3. 
Mehitable, b. March 20, 175s, d. April 30, 17S8. -1. Oliver, b. May 25, 1789. 

The children of Epaphras, son of Roger, son of Roger, son of Simon, 
son of Henry, by Mabel Burnham, his wife, were 

1. Sarah, b. July 10, 1705. 2. James, b. April 19, 1707. 3. Mabel, b. March 17, 1771. 
4. Mary, b. July 20, 1773. 

The children of Tarmcnio, son of Roger, son of Roger, son of Simon, 
son of Henry, by Alary Ballard, his wife, were 

1. Alfred, b. April 14, 1700. 2. Parmenio. b. Dec. 17, 1770. 3. Prudence, b. Aug. 21 , 
1772, d. Aug. 2, 1770. A. Josiah, b. April 20, 1770. 5. Mary, b. Oct. 27, 177S. 0. Pruda. 
b. May 10, 1789. 

The children of James, son of Epaphras, son of Roger, son of Roger, 
son of Simon, son of Henry, by Miriam Munsell were 
1. Anson, b. April 9, 17S7. 2. Epaphras, b. April 7, 17S9. 

The children of Alexander, son of Roger, son of Simon, son of 
Henry, were, by Lydia Atwater, his wife, 

1. Jeremiah, b. Nov. 11. 173:!. 2. Alexander, b. 1735, d. 1750. 3. Lydia, b. 1737, m. 
Samuel Austin o( New Haven ; 

by Mary Richards, 

■1. Esther, b. Sept. 10, 1740, d. Oct. 9. 1710. 5. Simon, b. Aug. 9, 1717. G. Esther,!). 
July 17, 1719, m. Samuel Treat of E. Windsor. 7. George, b. May 23, 1751, d. Oct. 17, 
1751. S. George, b. Oct. 17, 1752. 9. Christopher, b. Oct. 1, 1751. 10. Mary. b. Aug. 

* Twins. 



1847.] The Wo/rod Famihj. 255 

7, 1756, m. Elihu Griswold of Windsor. 11. Alexander, b. Sept. 15, I7 r .s. 12. Guy, b. 
Aug. 7, 17i>0. 13. Elisabeth, b. Jan, 13, L7G3, in. Elizur Wolcott of E. Windsor. 

The children of Jeremiah, son of Alexander, son of Roger, son of 
Simon, son of Henry, by Sarah Goodsalc, his wife, were 

1. Martha, 1). Aug. 18, 17G2. 2. Thomas, b. Aug 17, 17G4. .'5. Sarah, b. May 7, 17G7. 

The children of Simon, son of Alexander, son of Roger, son of Simon, 
son of Henry, by Lucy Rogers, his wife, were 

1. Emelia. 2. . 3. . 1- Alexander. 5. Lucy. G. Mary. 7. Lucy. 

8. Martha, 9. Sophia. 10. Catharine. 11. Elisabeth. 

The children of George, son of Alexander, son of Roger, son of 
Simon, son of Henry, by T Rowland were 

1. Mary, b. Sept. 55, 1777. 2. Lucy, b. Jan. 31, 17S0. 3. Henry Rowland, b. March 
22, 1783. 4. William Frederick, b. June 9, 17S7. 5. Elisabeth, b. Nov. 14, 1790. 

The children of Christopher, son of Alexander, son of Roger, son of 
Simon, son of Henry, by Lucy Parsons, his wife, were 

1. Laura, b. May 7, 1783. 2. Elisiibeth, b. Jan. 20, 17S4. 3. Christopher, b. June 20, 
17SG. -1. Laura, b. Oct. 3, 1789. 

The children of Alexander, sun of Alexander, son of Roger, son of 
Simon, son of Henry, by Frances Burbanks, his wife, were 

1. Frances, b. Aug. 9, 17SG. 2. Henry, b. March 1G, 17SS. 3. Alexander, b. Feb. 14, 
1700. 

The children of Guy, son of Alexander, son of Roger, son of Simon, 
son of Henry, by Abigail Allyn, his wife, were 

1. Abigail. 2. Abigail, b. Oct., 1780". 3. Guy, b. Oct., 1788. 1. James, b. Nov., 1700. 

The children of Erastns, son of Roger, sen of Simon, son of Henry, 
by Jerusha Wolcott, his wife, were 

1. Erastus, b Dec. 21, 17 17, d. Aug. 10. 17.51. '2. Fluvia. b. May 07. 1770, d. Aug. 23, 
1751. 3. Erastus, b. July 0, 1752. -I. Fluvia. b. Jan .7, 17.71, m. Roswell Grant of E. 
Windsor. .7. Jerusha, b. Nov. 00, 17.7.7, in. Samuel Wolcott ot' F. Windsor. r>. Aiodi, 
b. Sept. 00, 17,70. 7. Albert, b. Dec. 10, 1761. 

The children of Erastns, son of Erastns, son of Roger, son of Simon, 
son of Henry, by Chloe Bissell, his wife, were 

1. Erastus, b. Oct. 7, 1784. 0. Chloe, b. April 1'.', 17SG. 3. Edward, b. Oct. 10, 17SS. 

The children of Albert, son of Erastus, son of Roger, son of Simon, 
son of Henry, by Hannah Loomis, his wife, were 

1. Hannah, b. May 10, 17S0. 2. Albert, b. Nov. 'JO, 17S7. 3. Cynthia, h. Sept. 1.7, 17S0. 

The children of Oliver, son of Roger, son of Simon, son of Henry, 
by Lorana Collins, his wife, were 

1. Oliver, b. Aug. 31, 1757, d. Sept. 13, 17S7. 0. Oliver, b. Jan. 11, 17C0, m. Elisabeth 
Stoughton, was Governor of Connecticut, died in New York City, June 1, 1833, and was 
interred in Litchfield, Ct., his native place. 3. Lorana, (or Laura,) b. Dec. 1.7. 1701, m. 
William Moseley, Esq. of Hartford. 1. Mary Ann, b Feb 15, 17GG, m. Chancey Good- 
rich, Esq., of Hartford. 5. Frederick, b. Nov. 0, 1707, m. 1. Betsey Huntington of Nor- 
wich, b. Nov. S, 1771, d. April 2, 1812; 0. Mrs. Sally W. Cook. b. Aug. 7, 17S.7, d. 
Sept. 14, 1842. By his first wife, he had six children ; namely, 1. Mary Ann Goodrich, b. 
Aug. 0, 1S01. 'J. 'Hannah Huntington, b. Jan. 11. 1S03.- :i. Joshua Huntington, b. Aug. 
29, 1804. -1. Elisabeth, h. March 0, 1S00. 5. Frederick Henry, b. Aug. 19, 1S08. 
0. Laura Maria, b. Any 1 1, 1M1. By his second wile, he had four children : namely, 
7. Charles Moseley, b Nov. 20, 1S1.G. S. Chauncey Goodrich, b March I5,'l819. 9. 
Henry Griswold, b. Nov. 01. 1820. lu. Mary Frances, b July 0, LS23.— He d. .May 2S, 
lb;i7. 



[The above Family « Jenealogv was found arfioncr the papers of the late Hon Frederick 
Woleotl of Litcblield, Ct . and wiis trau»nwlted to u.s for publication, by < Jeor'jre C. WoodruH', 
1]m|. vVe purpose to publish at some future time, a brief Memoir (if the Woleotl Family, 
accompanied with an engraving of one of the Governoi Woleolls | 



256 Genealogies. [July, 



THE MINOT FAMILY 

l'V LIOM I.I. SHATTITCK, Lnj. 

(Concluded from page 17-.) 
FIFTH GENERATION. 

(23) V. George Minot [57— 3] d. in Dorchester, Nov. 10, 1711, a 
4 1. lie in. Abigail Feuno, Dec. 21, 172'J. After his death she m. 
William Tucker of Milton. They had 

133—1 John, bapt. Dec. 0, 1730, m. Martha Wild of Milton. (51) 

134 — "J Jerusha, Jan. 13, 1733, m. Co!. Lemuel Robinson of Dorchester. 

13.5—3 A hi -ail. 

130 — 1 Samuel, 1712. 

('31) V. Dea. Ocor^e Farrar m. Alary Barrett [01 — 1] and lived in 
Lincoln, lie d. of the small-pox, May 28, 1777, a. 73. She d. Sept. 
2."), 1776, in her 73d year. The children were 

1U7— 1 George, h. Nov. 23, 1730, gr. II. C, 1751, d. Sept. 17, 1750. See notice ol 

him in History of Concord, p. "2 17. 
138—2 Mary, b. July 6; 1732, m. Nathan Brown of Lincoln. 

IW—li Sarah, b. Aug.. 11, 17;;:*, d. July 2S, 173G. 

MD— 1 Sarah, h. Oct. 1. 1730. 

141—5 Elisabeth, b. Feb. 'J. 1739, m. Stephen Hosmer, Jr., May 3, 1713. 
142—0 Humphrey, h. Feb. 2S, 17 in. m. Lucy Farrar, April 20, 1770. [195—6] 
1 i:i— 7 Joseph, h. Jan. 20, 17 1 1, gj'rJ H. C , 1707. See History of Concord, p. 31-1. 

111—8 Love, b. June 13, 17-19, d. young. 

(25) V. Oliver Barrett [G-i — 1] lived in Bolton, where he d. April 4, 
1756, a. 70. lie m. Hannah Hunt of Concord, Dec. 3, 1733, who d. 
April 7, 1771, a. 57. They had 

145 — 1 Rebecca, b. Jan. 1, 1730, m. David Nurse, June 3, 1702, a farmer who settled 
in Bolton, had 'J children, d. March 20, 1823. 

110— 2 Hannah, b. Feb. 19, 1742, m. William Sawyer, Jan. IS, 1701, a farmer of Ber- 
lin, had a family, d. Feb., lfv'.O. 

117 — 3 Bathsheba, April 2, 17 11, m. Aholiab Sawyer, June 5, 1709, a farmer of 
Templeton, and had a family. 

MS — 1 Oliver, b. July 22, 1740. m. Sarah Whitcomb. Settled on his father's farm. 
Had 5 children. He d. .May 11, 1817, a. 70. She d. Feb. 5, 1834, a. 80. 

119 — 5 Ruth, b. Dec. 24, 1749, m Jonathan Nurse, Oct. 20. 1772, a farmer of Bolton, 
had 10 children, d. Dee. 10, 1M1. 

150 — Abigail, b. Aug. S, 1752. m. Calvin Sawyer, a farmer of Bolton. She had S 
sons and 2 daughters, d. Nov. 24, 1839, a. 67. 

(20) V. Capt. Humphrey Barrett [05 — 5] lived in Concord, where 
he d. March 21, 17.^3, in his GSth year. He m. his cousin, Elisabeth 
Adams, 1^0— 2] Dec. 'J, 1712. She d. June 5, 1791, in her 70th year. 
The children were 

151_1 Elisabeth, b April 10, 171"), m. Dea. Geo. Minot. (111—5.) 

152—2 Rebecca, b. Feb. 13, 1740, m. Reuben Hunt, Jan. IS, 1770. 

153—3 Mary, b. Nov. is, 17 IS, m . Jonas Lee. 

154—4 Sarah. b. Sept. 8, 1750, d. Aug. 1 1, 1751. 

155— 5 Humphrey, b. May 23, 1752, m. Rebecca Heywood, July G, 1780. He d. 

without issue, March is, 1S-J7, a. 7 1. 
156— 6 Sarah, b. Feb. 10, 17.71, m. Stephen Barrett, June 22, 1770. [1S7— 7] 

IT,;— 7 Martha, b. May 21, 1750, m. Dea. Joshua Brooks, Feb. 27, 17So. 
158—8 Ruth, b. Dec. 25, 1700, m. Jonas Haywood, Esq., Feb. ;:, 17S0. 

159— 9 Abel, b. Oct. 28, 1704, m. Lucy Minot, Dec. 1, 179G. (21—3) He 

was a merchant; d. in England. She d. Sept. 25, 1793, a. 28, leaving one 

son, 1 . Sept. IS, 1797, who d. Jan. 2, ISIS, a. So. 



1847.] The Minot Family. 257 

(27) V. Col. Charles Prescott m. Elisabeth Barrett, [GG— G] and 
lived in Concord, lie represented the town nine years, was Justice of 
the Pence and intrusted with many important offices. He d. Feb. 2, 
177 r J, a. 06. She d. April 23, 1799, aged 82. They had 7 children ; 

100 — 1 Elisabeth, b. Aug. 31, 1737, m. 1. Joss,- Hosmcr 2. Aarori Jones. 

161— 2 Lucy, b. Dee. 21, 1738, a. single, Dec 22, 1819, a. 81. 

102—3 Mary, b. Aug. 9, 1742, .1. single, May -1, 1797, a. 55. 

103—1 Charles, b. Sept. 24, 17 1 1, A. single, May 10, 1810, a. 65. 

If. 1—5 Rebecca, b. Sept. 19, 1746, m. Joseph Hayward. 

105— 6 John, t). Oct. IS, 1718, d Sept. 12, 1753. 

100 — 7 Anne, b. June 7, 1700, m. Amos Baker of Lincoln. 

("28) V. John Barrett [G7 — 7] lived in the north part of Concord as 
a farmer. He m. Lois Brooks, Nov. lo, 1711, and had 

107—1 Joseph, b. Jan. 5, 1715, lived in Mason, N. H. 

10b— 2 John, b. Aug. 2, 1748, lived on his lather's farm. He m. Experience Ball, 
Nov. 29, 1780, and was father to Rev. Joshua Barrett, who graduated at 
Dart.Coll. in 1S10, and to Rev. John Barrett, who graduated at Williams 
Coll. in IS10. 

109— 3 Lydia, b. m. 1. Silas Mann. 2. Dea. George Minot. [111—5] 

170 — 1 Rebecca, b. m. Samuel White. 

Another daughter m. a Chamberlain, another m. a Boynton, and 
another d. single. 

(29) V. Benjamin Barrett [61 — 1] lived in Concord, where he d. 
Oct. 23, 1738, having had three children, names given below, lie m. 
Rebecca Jones, who, after Mr. Barrett's death, m. Jonas Prescott of 
Westford, Dec. 25, 1710. 

171 — 1 Rebecca, b. Feb. 19, 1731, m. Nathaniel Boynton of Westford. 
172 — 2 Benjamin, b. J ah. '•», 1735, m. Sarah Miriam of Lexington. 
173—3 Jonas. b. Sept. 24, 1737, m. 



The last two settled in Ashby. 

(30) V, Dea. Thomas Barrett [70—2] d. in Concord, June 20, 1770, 
a. 72, on the place where his lather lived, lie and his brother Col. 
James, did a large business and left a large estate. He m. Mary Jones. 
They had 7 children, as follows ; 

17 1—1 Thoma?, b. Nov. 17, 1731, m. Dorcas Minot, [110 — 1] Jan. 15, 1701. 

175—2 Ruth, b. Oct. 19, 1734, m. Capt. Charles Miles. 

170—3 Charles, b. Jam 13, 1740, m Rebecca Minot, [112—0] and lived in New Ips- 
wich, N. II.; had 2 sons and 2 daughters. 

177 — 1 Samuel, b. m. Sarah and lived at the mill east of the old 

place. He had one son, Samuel, b. Dec. 21, 1773, d. Aug. 1, 1825; and 2 
daughters. 

178—5 b. m. David Hubbard of Hanover. N. H. 

17'.)— Amos. b. April 23, 1752, m. and lived where his father did, 

and had 2 sons and 1 daughters. 

ISO— 7 Mary, b. Nov. 21, 1750. 

(31) V. Col. James Barrett [71 — 3] was the distinguished com- 
mander of the Provincial troops in the battle of Concord, when the first 
forcible resistance was made to the British, at the commencement of 
hostilities in the American Revolution, on the 19th April, 177o. He 
died April 11, 1779, a. GS. The following epitaph is on his gravestone 
in Concord. 

Here rests 

in hope the body of 

Col. James Barrett 

who departed this lilt; 

April 11th, 177'.', in the d'Jlh year of Ins age. 



233 Genealogies, [July, 

Sudden the summons came and quick thcjtiqht ; 

We trust to be with Christ in nlms of light. 

In public and private life lie was courteous, benevolent, 

and charitable. His fidelity, uprightness arid 

ability in various offices and employments, justly 

procured him estt-eru. For many years he represented this 

Town in General Court. He early stepped forward in 

the contest with Britain and distinguished himself in the 

cause of America. His warm attachment to and careful 

practice of the religion of Christ compleated his worth as 

a Christian and with his other virtues preserve his memory 

and keep it with that of the just which is blest. 

lie m. Rebecca Hubbard, Dec. 21, 1732. Iler mother was Rebecca 
Bulkeley, a (laughter of Capt. Joseph, granddaughter of Hon. Peter, and 
great-granddaughter of Rev. Peter Bulkeley the first minister of Con- 
cord. She d. Oct. 18, 1806, a. 90. They had the following children; 
namely, 

1S1 — 1 James, b. Jan. ■ 4, 1734, m. Melicent Estabrook, July 4, 175S. 

182—2 Nathan, b. Dec. 30, 1735, m. .Miriam Hunt, May 22, 1701. 

1S3 — 3 Lydia, b. Jan. 0, 1738, rn. Josiah Melvin. 

1S1 — 1 Rebecca, b. Nov. 19, 1741, m. Dea. George Minot. (111—5) 

185-^5 F.pliraim.b. March 3, 17 11, d. single, March 3, 1701, a. 26. 

ISO— G Perses, b. Sept. 25, 1747, m. Jonas Patten. She d. Sept. 5, 1781, a. 34, 

leaving one son and 4 daughters. 
1S7— 7 Stephen-, b. Jan. 29, 1750, rn. Sarah Barrett. [150—0] 
1SS— S Peter, b. April 1G, 1751, m. Mary Prescott, July 8, 1779. [219— S] 
lS'J— 9 Lucy, b. July 20, 17«31, m. Noah Ripley, April 8, 17S3. lie was broth- 
er of Rev. Dr. Ripley of Concord. She d. Dec. 19, 1787, a. 26, leaving 2 
sons and one daughter. 

(32) V. Dea. Samuel Farrar of Lincoln m. Lydia Barrett, [72 — 1] 
Jan. 12, 1732. He d. April 17, 1783, a. 13. She d. Children, 

190—1 Lydia, b. Sept. 2, 1730. m. William Bond, March 0, 1755. 

191— 2 Samuel b. Feb; 14, 1737, m. 'Mary Hoar, Feb. 10,1772. 

192—3 Stephen, b. Sept. 8, 173S, m. Eunice Brown. 

193 — I James, b. July 21, 1741, d. in 1767, single, in New Ipswich. 

104—5 Rebecca, b. Aug. 13, 1743, m. Dr. John Preston, Nov. 29, 1704. 

195—0 Lucy, b. April 27, 17 15, m. Humphrey Farrar, April 20, 1770. [142—0] 

100—7 Timothy, b. June 28, 17 17, m. Nancy Bancroft. 

197— S Mary, b. July 5, 1751, d. Sept. 2, 1750. 

(33) V. Dr. Timothy Mi hot [77—1] gr. II C, 1717. He was a 
physician in Concord, where he d. July 2o, 1601, a. 76. He m. Mary 
Martin, daughter of Rev. John Martin of Northborough. She d. Dec. 
23, 1601. Children, 

193—1 Timothy Martin, b. Aug. 10, 1757, m. Hannah Austin, Jan. 27, 1S04. Lived 
in Boston. He d. Nov. IS, 1S37. She d. March 17, 1820, aged 50. 

199—2 Mary, b. May 20, 1759, m. Ammi White, Aug. 12, 1788. 

200—3 Abigail, b. Aug. 20, 1701, d. Aug., 18.30, unmarried. 

201 — 1 Stephen, b. Jan. 30, 1703, d. single, in Concord, April, 1821. 

202—5 Susannah,!). Aug. 1, 1705, rn. Col. John Parker of Billenca. 

203—0 James, b. Jan. 28, 1707, d. single in Ohio. 

204—7 Sarah, b. Sept. 2, 1709, m. Tilly Merrick, Esq. 

205— S John, b. Sept. 20, 1771, m. Thomasine Elisabeth Bond. 

200—9 Beulah, b. June 2S, 1773, m. May 17, 1807, Professor Ebenezer Adams of 
Dartmouth College. 

(31) V. Tilly Merrick m. Mary Minot, [78—2] and settled in Con- 
cord. They had 

207 — 1 Tilly, b. Jan. 29, 1755, m. Sarah Minot, his cousin. 

•Jus— 2 John, b. Feb. 7, 1701, d. single, Aug. 15, 1797, a. 30. 



1847.] The Minot Fumily. 259 

200—3 Stephen, b. Ajag. 8, 1707. 
310—1 Augustus, b. July 5, 1759. 

(35) V. Maj. John Minot [SO— 1] m. Sarah Slow of Marlborough, 
Jan. 2G, 1744, lived in Concord, where he d. July 31, 1802, a. to. She 
d. Feb. 11, 1796, a. 75. They had 

211—1 John, 1). m. Hannah Hubbard. 

(36) V. Benjamin Prescott, Esq, of Salem, who gr. II C, 1736, m. 
Rebecca Minot, [81—2] Nov. 20, 1741. lie d. Aug. IS, 1775, a. Gl. 
She d. Oct. 8, 17GJ, a. 41. They had the following children ; 

212—1 Rebecca, b. May SO, 1712, m; Hon. Roger Sherman, May 12, 17G3. 
213—2 Martha, h. Nov. 23, 17 11, m. Stephen Goodhue, Esq., of New Haven. 
211— 3 Benjamin, l>. March 1 1, 17-17, d. May 15, 1751. 
215—1 James, b. March 10, 1719, m. Rebecca Barrett, Oct. 28, 17S3, daughter of 

James Barrett, Jr. [1S1 — 1] 
21G— 5 Elisabeth, b. Dec. 1, 1752, m. Henry Daegett, Esq., Nov. 20, 1771. 
217— G Mercy, b. Feb. 5, 1755, in. Henry Gibbs, Oct. 29, 1781. 

21S— 7 Benjamin, b. Oct. 22, 17,17. m. Hannah Blakely of New Haven. 
210—8 Mary, ' b. May 9, 1700, m. Peter Barrett, July S, 1772. [188—8] 

(37) V. Capt. James Minot [S2 — 3] m. for his 1st wife Rebecca 
Stow of Merrimac, and for his 2nd wife, a daughter of Col. Blanchard 
of Tyngsborough. He d. Aug. 2, 1773, a 17. She d. Feb. 9, 1707, a. 
37. They had the following children, of whom 1 have not been able 
to obtain many particulars. 

220 — 1 Rebecca, m. Isaac Newton ; 22! — 2 Rachel, m. — - Anger and d. without issue ; 
222—3 Joseph, d. about 1770, a. 'JO ; 223 — 1 James, d. about 1770, a. is ; 221— 5 Sarah, m. 

■ Upton; '_'25— G Hannah, m. Darly; 220 — 7 Elisabeth, m. Smith; *27 — 8 Martha, 

m. Squiers. 

(3S) V. Rev. Josiah Sherman, minister of Woburn, m. Martha Mi- 
not, [63 — 1] Jan. 21, 1757. A biographical notice of Mr. Sherman is 
in the American Quarterly Register, Vol. XI, p. IBS. They had the 
following children, born in Woburn, and perhaps others. 

228—1 Roger Minot Sherman, b. Dec. 0, 1757, settled in Fairfield, Ct. 
229—2 Martha, b. Dec. 8, 1758. 

230—3 Elisabeth, b. March 20, 1701. 

231— 4 Mary, b. Feb. 3, 1703. 

232 — 5 Susanna, b. April 7, 1705. 

(39) V. Lt. Ephraim Minot, [SI— 5] d. in Concord, Sept. 30, 1701, a. 
53. lie was an olticer, and was wounded in the battle of Princeton. He 
m. Abigail Prescott, who d. Feb. 27, 182-1, a. 78. Their children were 

233—1 Abel, h. July lo, 170'), m. Lydia Shed. He d. in Lincoln, Aug. 0, 1S09, hav- 
ing had children. 
231—2 Abigail, b. .Ian. 30, 1778, m. William Bowers, May 12, 1797. 
235—3 Mary, b. Jan. 10, 17SL 
230.— 4 George, b. Jan. 31, 1783. 
237—5 Louisa, b. Feb. 1 0, 1787. 

(Id) V. Capt. Daniel Adams [35 — 1] removed from Lincoln, the 
place of his birth, to Townsend, where he d. Oct. 10, 1795, in his 75ih 
year. He represented the town in General Court, and held many 
important civil and military oflices. lie was thrice married. 1. To Ke- 
sia Brooks, daughter of Benjamin Brooks of Townsend, previously of 
Concord, March 1, 1711. She d. in childbirth, Aug. 21, 1751, having had 
G children, 5 of whom survived her. 2. To Mchitablc Crosby of Town- 



200 Genealogies. [J uly, 

send, by whom he had 10 children. Shed. April 4, 1783, a 19. 3. 
Wi'low Sarah Phelps of Lancaster, Jan. 30, 17Si. His children were 
as follows ; 

23S— 1 d. ia infancy. 

230—2 Daniel, b. July 29, 1740, m. Lucy Taylor. May 21, 1772. Ho d. June 10, 1827, 
a. so. she d. Sept. L2, LS3G. He was lather to Dr. Daniel Adams of Mont 
Vernon, author of several valuable school hooks. 

2H)—:: Abner, b. Oct. 22, 17-18, m. 1. Mary Sawtell. 2. Sarah Sawtell. 

211 — I Rebecca, b. July G, 1750, m. James Campbell, Dee. 21, 17G9. lie lived in 
Brookline, N. H. She <!. at an advanced age, leaving several children. 

242—5 Benjamin, b. Oct. 1.5, 1752, m. Mary Stone of Ashly, July IG, 1778. He d. in 
Cavendish, Vt. ; had 7 children, 4 sons and 3 daughters. 

243— G Ephraim, b. Aug. 11. 1754, rn. Lydia Knowlton, lived in Jaflrey, N. H. Had 
one child, who died without issue. 

24 1 — 7 Kesia, h. m. John Sherwin. She d. May 25, 17b2, a. 23, a few 

days after her marriage. 

215— S Elisabeth, b. d. unmarried. Jan. 9, 17S2, a. 19. 

240 — 9 Mchetabel, b m. John Smith; lived in Brookline and had 4 sons 

and 2 daughters. 

247-10 Mary, b. m. Dei. John Giles, May 0, 1789. He had been pre- 

viously m.; and his first wife d. Oct. 17, 1788, a. 21, by whom he had 5 chil- 
dren. By his 2nd wife he had also 5 children. He d. Aug. 14, lb-Jo, a. 02. 

24S-11 James, d. young. 

21'J-12 Phebe, b. Dec. 18, 1770. m. Solomon Jewett, lived in Townsend and bad 4 
children: Solomon, Phebe, Kesia, and Ro/ella. 

250-13 James, b. April 15, 1773, m. Sybel Gasset, lived in Townsend, and had 3 
daughters. 

251-14 Joseph, b. m. Polly Brooks. 

Two other children d. in infancy. 

(41) V. Capt. Joseph Adams [87 — 3] d. in Lincoln, March 23, 
1807, a. 83. lie in. 1. Mary Eveleth of Stow, 17 16. She d. July 10, 
1701, a GO, having had 11 children. He m. 2. Mrs. Priscilla Heed 
Martin, July 23, 179-5. Children, 

252—1 Mary, b. April 20, 1747, d. Jan. 4, 1748, a. 1 y., 1 m., d. 

253 — 2 Joseph, b. Jan. 4, 1740, m. Love Lawrence, Sept. 4. 1770. He was a phy- 
sician; d. in England, Feb. 2, 1S07, a. 5S. He had 12 children [303—2] 

251 — 3 Charles, 1). Nov. S, L750, was a physician, and loyalist, d. at Annapolis in 
Nova Scotia. 

255 — 1 Nathan, b. Nov. 11, 1752, d. Aug. 11, 1750, a. 3 y., 9 m. 

250—5 Mary, b. Oct. 11, 1754, d. Aug. 17, 1750, a. 1 y., 10 m., 6 d. 

257—0 Sarah, b. Sept. 13, 1750, m. Robert Karnes, Sudbury, Aug. 14, 17S3. 

25S--7 Mary, b. July 14, 175$, m. Ehsha Wheeler, Sudbury, May 4, 177 l J. 

259—8 Nathan, b, March 1, 17G0, m. Hannah McCarty, d. in Charlestown without 
issue, Sept. 'J5, 1830, a. 70. 

200—0 Martha, b. July 15, 1703, m. Dea. David Lawrence of Littleton, Dec. 23, 
1790. 

201-10 Daniel, b. April 14, 17G0, m. Sarah Goldlhwaitof Boston. 

202-11 Love, b. .March 21, 1749, m. Henry Willard of Keene. 

(42) V. Capt. Nathan Brown m. Rebecca Adams, [SS— 1] March 
10, 1719. lie d. in Lincoln, Oct. 13, 1781. She afterwards m. Solomon 
Foster, Nov. 15, 1790. She d. Dec. 21, IS 11, a. 84. Children, 

2G3 — I Mary, b. m. Benjamin Allen. 

201—2 Rebecca, b. April S, 1751, d. unmarried, April 27, 1773. 
or>5_3 E|i sa l )e th, b. Oct. 1, 1752, m. Dr. Richard Russell, Jan. 2S, 1777. 
200—4 Nathan, b. April 10, 1755, m. Lucy Garfield, 1770. He was killed in Con- 
cord, by a load of wood passing over him, Dec. 12, lbll, a. 00. 
207— 5 Daniel, b. Sept. 13, 1707, d. in the West Indies. 

208 — Eunice, b. Feb. 13, 1701, rn. William Lawrence of Lincoln, Nov., 17S0. 
200—7 Lydia, b. Nov. 12, 1703, m. Daniel Weston of Lincoln, 1703. 

270 — b Ke/.ia, b. Feb. 28, 1709, m. Solomon Foster of Lincoln. 

(13) V. James Adams [89 — 5] m. 1. Kezia Conant, Jan. 15, 175G, 
by whom he had 3 children. She d. Aug. 22, 1705, in her 37th year. 



1847.] The Minot Family. 261 

He in. 2. Delia Adams, daughter of Edward Adams of Sudbury, June 
5, 17(H), by whom he had 12 children. She d. in Boston, Dec, 'J, 1813, 
a. 70, and was buried in Lincoln. He d. in Lincoln, March 10, 1605, a. 

71. J lis children were 

'271 — l Betsey, b. Jan. 22, 17f>7, m. Benjamin Adams of Sudbury, Nov. 20, 1777. 

272 — 2 James, b. Jan. 14, 1759, m. Nancy Tarbell of Lincoln, Nov. 15, 17UG. 
273—3 Kezia, 1». Nov. G, 1702, d. March 30. 17G9, a. G y., 1 in.. 21 d. 

274—4 Delia, b. .May 'JO, 1707, m. Ebenezer Woodward of Hanover, X. II ., Feb. 

2G, 1705. 
275—5 Andrew, b. Oct. 0, 17G8, m. Polly Harlwell of Lincoln, Sept. 10, 1795. 
27G— G Eli, b. March 1 1. 1770, m. Sarah Swill of Boston. 

277 — 7 Samuel, b. June 7,1771, m Margaret Austin of 'Charles-town, Sept. 15,1797. 

27S — 8 Kezia, b, Feb. 19, 177;], m. Ephraim Jones of Boston, Dec. 0, 1827. 
279—9 Joseph, 1). Nov. 7, 1771, d. July 7, 177."., a. 5 m. 
2S0-10 Rebecca, h. April 1, 177G, d. Sept. 23, ]7 v o. a. 1 y., 3 m., 10 J. 

251-11 Joseph, h. June 17, 1778, d. Sept. 13, 1780J a. 2 y.. 2 m.. 20 d. 

282-12 John, b. Nov. 1'3, 17S0, d. in Havana. Oct. 15, 1S09, a. 29. 
283-13 Mary. b. July 9, 1782, m. Silas P. Tarbell of Boston, March 10, 1S08. 
284-1-1 Joseph, b. May G,, 1784. m. 1. Betsey Archibald of Maine. 

285-15 Daniel, b, Feb. 2(i, 1789, d. Nov. 20,1789. 

(44) V. Abel Miles m. Lydia Adams, [90 — G] Feb. 2G, 175G. He 
removed from Concord to New Ipswich, N. II., where he d. .Dec. G, 
1814, a. 81. She d. March 20, 1804, a. GS. He had the following chil- 
dren, all born in Concord ; 

280— 1 Lydia, ba'pt. Feb. 20, 1707, m. David Rumrell, Feb. 20. 1800. 
287— 2 Elisabeth, b. Dec. 4, 17.7s, m. John Shattuck, Dec. llj 1783. 
2SS— 3 Polly, b. July 8, 17G0, d. unmarried in X. Ipswich, Nov. 14, 1804. 

289 — t Rebecca, b. Jan. 3yl7G2, m. Levi Mansfield, Jan. 21. 1781. 
2'JO— 5 Abel, b. Oct. 17. 170S, m. Betsey Shipley, Nov. 10, 1794. 

(45) V. John Adams [91 — 1] lived in Lincoln. lie m. 1. Lucy 
Hubbard, Dec. 12, 1749, who d. Dec. 21, 1791, and 2. Benlah Raker, 
Feb. 20, 1791. He had the following- children, 

■201 — 1 John, b. April 10, 1701 : 292—2 Edward, b. March 27, 1703: 203— 3 Abel, b. 
March S, 1700, d. July 9, 175G; 294—4 Abel, b. Feb. 20, 1707 ; 295—5 Thomas, b. March 
22, 1701 ; 29G — G Bulkcley, b. March 1 ). 170!'. m. Persis Stone of Framinjrham, 1785; 
297—7 Lucy, b. June 2, 1700; 208—8 Ephraim, b. Feb. 24, 1700, d. Dec. 24,1705; 
299 — 9 Rebecca, b. Feb. 28, L7G7; 300 — It) Ephraim, b. Aug. 10, 17G9, m. Susanna. 
Flagg, L7S'J ; 301—1 1 James, b. June 8, 1772. 

(4P>) Rev, William Lawrence, minister of Lincoln, m. Love Adams, 
[91—2.] lie d. April 11, 1*780, a. 56. She d. Jan. 3, 1S20, a. 9-3. (See 
Hist. Concord, p. 304,,) They had children, 

302 — 1 William, b. April 10, 1752, m. Eunice Brown, Nov., 1780. 

303—2 Love, b. April IS, 1701. m. Dr. Joseph Adams, Sept. 4, 1770. [200—2] 

304—3 John Prescott, b. Dec. 24, 1700, m Abby Kaine, d, Jan. 2S, IS0S. 

305 — I S'usanria, b. Jan. 4, 17GS, d. March 12, 1S3G, unmarried. 

30G — 5 Sarah, b. May 12, 17G0, m. Samuel Bass, Esq., of Randolph, Oct. 

29, 1783. She d. Oct. 12, 1822. He gr. II. C. 17S2, d. Feb. 1, IS42. 

307— G Phebe, b. Jan. 2, 17G2, m. Rev. Edmund Foster of Littleton, Oct. 29, 17S3. 

00S— 7 Anna, b. March 15, 1701, m. James De Wolf, d. Dec. 8, 1S()7. 
Mary, b. Nov. 1, 17G7, m. Asa Brooks, d. Sept., 1812. 

309—8 Abel, b. Aug. 23, 1771, m. Mary Hodge, d. Sept.l, 1800, 

(47) Can't. Jonas Minot [108—2] m. 1. Mary Hall, daughter of Rev. 
Willard Hall of Westford. She was b. July 30, 1738, and d. Nov. 3, 

1792, in her 19th year. He m. 2. Mis. Mary Dunbar, widow til' Rev. 
Asa Dunbar of Salem. She d. in Boston, Aug. 2, ls30, a. s2. He d. 
in Concord, March 20, 1813, a. 78. A great part of Wilmot, X. H, was 
granted to him. 

010— l Mary, b. Feb. 21, 1701, m. Rev. Laban Ainsworth of Jall'rev, Dec. 1, 17S7. 
Oil--. 1 Sarah, b. Jan 11,1703, ril. Jusi.ih Melvin, Jan. '28,1790. 



262 Genealogies, [July, 

312—3 Jonas, b. Feb. 13, 1765, m. Miriam Barrtft, Nov. IS, 1790. She was the dau. 

of Col. Nathan Barrett. [l8^ — 2] 
313—4 Elisabeth, b. Aug. 22, 1707, m, Daniel Page, Jan. 25, 1791. 
31 i_5 Abigail, b. Sept. 3, 1709, rn. John Stanyan, Oct., ISIS. 
315—0 Martha, b. Oct. 17, 1771, ni. Charles Barrett, Jr., of New Ipswich, Oct. 15, 

179'J. He was the .sun of Charles Barrett. [170—3] 
310 — 7 Samuel, b. April 1, 1771, m. Hannah Stow of Concord. 
317— S Stephen, h. Sept. 28, 1770, m. Rebecca Trask, Nov. '.», 1809. 
31S— '.i James, b. July 1, 1779, rn. Sally Wilson of Nelson, Feb. S, 18Q9. 

(IS) Den. George Minot [111 — 5] settled in the eastern part of 
Concord, lie commanded a company in the Revolution, at Saratoga, 
(the taking of Bnrgoyne,) and in several other places ; and was a highly 
meritorious officer, lie was chosen deacon of the church, Aug. 3, 1770, 
and continued in office until his death, which took place April 13, 1S06, 
a. Go, lie m. 3 wives, all by the name of Barrett. His 1st wife was 
Rebecca, daughter of Col. James Barrett, [lsl — 1| whom he ra. Jan. 
17, 1765, and who d. March 3, 1775, a. 33. His L'nd wit'e was Elisa- 
beth, danghter of Humphrey Barrett, [151 — 1) whom he m. Dec. 12, 
17 70, and who d. April 10, 17b9, a. -15; and his 3d wife was Lydia, 
daughter of John Barrett and widow of Silas. Mann. [1C9 — 3.| lie had 
the following children all by his first wife ; 

310—1 Rebecca, b. Feb. 4, 170S, m. William Heywood. 

320—2 Dorcas, b. April 19, 1700, m. James Bairett, a grandson of Col. James B. 

[ISI-I] 
321—3 Lucy, b. April 27, 1770, m. Abel Barrett [150—0.] 

(49) V. Stephen Minot [1 15— 1] m. Sarah Clark, only daughter of 
Jonas Clark, Esq., of Boston, June 10, 1730. He d. Sunday, Jan. 14, 
17S7, a. 75. He graduated II. C. 1730, and was a merchant of Bos- 
ton. His wife d. June 10, 1783, in her 64th year. They had the fol- 
lowing children ; 

322—1 Jonas Clark, b, Aug. 20, 173S, m. Hannah Speakman. 

323 — 2 Stephen, b. Feb. 14, 17 10, merchant in Jamaica, d. single. 

321—3 William, b. Feb. 7, 1743, m. Mary Collson, July 1, 1773, one of the first 
settlers in Camden, Me., d. in Boston, Nov., 1773. 

325 — 1 John, b Oct. 21, 17 11, m. Mary De Rue of Boston; was master of a vessel 
in the. West India and Surinam trade, d. of fever at sea, leaving one child, 
Stephen. 

320 — 5 Francis, b. Aug. 0, 1746, d. single in Marlborough, where he had been for his 
health. He was a merchant in Boston. 

327 — G Sarah, b. Nov. 7, 1719, m. Gilbert Warner Speakman, by whom she had 
children. She d. Aug. 20, 17S0. 

32S— 7 James, h. Dec. 5, 1751, m. Mary Deming of Boston. 

320 — S Christopher, b, March 8, 1751, m. Elisabeth May .hew of Plymouth. 

330—0 George, b. Sept. 0, 1750, d. March 2, 1758. 

331-10 George Richards, b. Dec. 22, 1758. lb." grad. H. C. 177S, and was the histo- 
rian of Massachusetts. He d. Jan. 2, 1802. He m. Mary Speakman. 

(50) V. Jonathan Minot [130 — -1] lived in Westford, where he d. 
Feb. 7, 1806, a. 83. He married Esther Proctor o( Chelmsford, who d. 
March 30, 1608, a. S3. They had 

332—1 Esther, b. May 23, 1747, m. Samuel Wright of Westford. 

333— 2 Jonathan, b. Aug. 23, 17 10, m. Hannah Eastman, Sept. 3, 1771. He d. in 

Westminster, Ms. 
334—3 Joseph, b. Jan. 13, 1751. lie was killed in the battle of Bunker Hill. 
335—1 Oliver, b. Jan. 14, 1753, m. William Reed of Westford. 
330 — 5 Elisabeth, b. Jan. 13,1755. 

337—1; John Marston, grad. II. C. 17G7, lived in Castine, Me. 

33S — 7 Jesse, b. Nov. 5, 1750, in. Betsey Adams. 

339—S Joash, b. m. H i Id re tlx of Westford. 

340—0 Baity, b. m. John Clark. 



1847.1 The Parsons Family. 203 



THE PARSONS FAMILY.* 

As it respects the origin of the name of Parsons, some have supposed 
that it was derived from the word parson, a clerical litle, given from 
the fact that a clergyman is the principal person in the church. Hence 
in law he is termed ecclesire persona, and lias full possession of all the 
rights of a parochial church. The s is added for euphony's sake, or 
from the fact that the individual was the parson's son. 

Others have derived it from the word parish, as parish-son, meaning 

!the son of some parish, one supported or educated by the parish. 
And others again have supposed that the name is the same with 
Person., reason, Pierson, and Pearson, modified in the spelling. 

Peirson or Peerson is derived, according' to Camden, from son of 
Peter or Peterson, the former coming originally from the French word, 
rierrc. 

It does not appear that there has ever been any attempt to collect 
even the materials for a history of the English family of Parsons, so 
far as has come to our knowledge, notwithstanding there have been 
many individuals among them of great distinction ; as knights, baro- 
nets, and noblemen. Those of the name arc, and have been for a long 
period, found in several counties ; as Devonshire, Buckinghamshire, 
Nottinghamshire, Oxfordshire, &c. 

Prior to 1G7'2, Andrew Parsons, gent., was of Somersetshire, and 
Philip Parsons, gent., of Worcestershire. Put the earliest record we 
have noticed is in 

1290. AV r ALTER was then a resident of Mulso in Ireland. How long 
before this he or his ancestors went there we know not. The name is 
still extant there, and something above one hundred years ago, Bishop 
Gibson remarked, (in his edition of Camden's Britannia,) " The honor- 
able family of Parsons have been advanced to the dignity of Vis- 
counts, and more lately, Earls of lloss." 

1481. Sir John was Mayor of Hereford, who had for his armorial 
bearings, Gules, a leopard's haul beticecn three crosses patee, Jitchcd in 
tJtefoot ar. — Crest, a halberd headed az. embucd gules. 

1510. Robert, afterwards the noted Jesuit, was born this year, and 
died April lb, 1010, a. 01. He appears to have been the first of note of 
his family. His father lived near Bridgewater, Eng., at a place called 
Netherstoway. Robert was educated at Palliol College, Oxford, and 
was early distinguished for his abilities, but being accused of some 
irregularities he forsook his country and resided for a time at Antwerp, 
Louvain, Padua, Rome, Paris and Yalladolid. Becoming a convert to 
the Romish faith, he propagated that doctrine with all his ability, 
and was no small instrument in stirring up the benighted vassals of 
Philip II. to attempt the conquest of his native country. The event 
of that attempt will always be viewed with an intensity of interest. 

How much Father Parsons had to do in circulating the Pope's bulls 
and inflammatory tracts in England at the period of the Armada can 
never be known, but from his knowledge vi' the country, the people, 

* This account of the antiquities and pctliirrro of [he. Parsons Family Nvas prepared princi- 
pally from manuscripts in ihc posM-.oion of Samiu-I II Parsons, 1:.m|',,.| llarllurd. Cl , by 
llio CuiTC.-jioiKlintf Secretary ul' ilj'u New Kn^laiul Historic, CJcucaluyical S >cicty. 



261 



Genealogies. 



uly, 



ami their language, it is not unlikely that Iffs ngency was by no moans 
inconsiderable. Fuller, -in speaking of tbe fierceness of tbo battle be- 
tween the Heels observes, that "bullets did not lly about so much at 
sea, as bastardly libels did by laud; so fitly called, because none durst 
father them." 

lie established an English college at Rome and another at Yallado- 
lid, for such of his countrymen as might follow him, or come otherwise 
into exile. lie published several works, but that by which he is best 
known is entitled " Leicester's Commonweath," which, though abound- 
ing with misstatements, vague rumors, and base insinuations, was 



ii i ii !.■>.■> ui iu i it c 1 1 t>, vuiiuu i uiuuir), aim w.i>u iiioiuiicvir 

nevertheless a work of great ability. And although the pen of Sir 

I to 



[ 

lia\ 



leveuueiess ;i wuik oi jjrcui aomiy. ;um aiiuougn me pen oi 
Philip Sidney was exercised in its refutation, lie is not considered 
rave completely effected his object. This most singular book of 
Father Robert was first printed in I Gil, and in less than 70 years had 
become so rare that an edition of it was published, purporting to have 
been printed from a newly discovered manuscript, and passed current 
as such without detection, it is believed. To the original edition is ap- 
pended a poem, entitled " Leicester's (most," a great literary curiosity. 
An extract from the poem is as follows: 

Let no man think I exercis'il the Ghost 

Of this threat IV, -re that sleepeth in the dust.,— 

Or conjurM up his spirit to his cost 

To presse with dispraise or praise unjust, 

I am not partial! but »ive him his due, 

And to his so u 1 e I wish eternall health, 

Ne do I thinke all written tales are tine. 

That are inserted in his Common-wealth ; 

What others wrot before I do survive. 

But am not like to them incenst with hate, 

And as I plairiely write, so do I strive 

To write the truth, not wronging his estate. 

Of whom it may bee said ami censnr'd well, 

Hee both in vice and vertue did excel!. 



155G. Francis was vicar of Rothwell in Nottinghamshire. There 
is a wood called Parsons' wood, in the hundred of Nassaburgh, in the 
same county. 

161S. Bartholomew appears as the author of three sermons — 
"First Fruits of the Gentiles," 1 to. \\\ 1G1G, "Assize Sermon," 1 to. 
1631, ''Dorcas, or a Perfect Patterne of a True Disciple," Sermon, 1 to. 
Oxford. 




^^ 



w^ r 




1847.1 



The Parsons Family. 



2& 



)u 



1G31. About this year Thomas Parsons was knighted by Charles I. 
The foregoing engraving represents his arms, still retained in the family 
in the United States, and by his descendants in London, among 
whom were Sir John ami Sir Humphrey; the; former, Lord Mayor of 

that city in 1 70 1, tin- latter, in 17:; 1 and 17 10. The. same coat of arms 
is also retained by the branch of the Parsons family now long iesi- 
dent in Barbadoes. 

Langley in Buckinghamshire was long a seat of a family of the 
name, hut they seem to have abandoned ii about the: end of the 17th 
century for a residence in Nottinghamshire. The first of this family 
whose descendants we can trace appears to have been 

Ralph, of Northampton, who had a son 

Joji.n, who lived at Boveney, Co. Bucks, who had by his wife, dan. 
of — — Culler, LCsq , 

John of Boveney and Langley, who in. Elisabeth, the sole heiress 
of Sir John Kidderminster, and had, 

1. Charles, b. lG2o, d. without issue. 
?. William, and three daughters. 

This William, the only surviving son, m. Elisabeth, dan, and heir- 
ess of Sir Lawrence Parsons, by whom he had two sons; one a 
Colonel, d. without issue, and John, his successor. William Parsons 
(the father) was made a baronet by Charles II. for his adherence to 
the cause of his father, Charles I. lie was somewhat conspicuous 
during the iutc /rest hum, as may be inferred from Ins granting a pass 
to one of the gentlemen of the privy chamber, to proceed to Ireland. 
The gentleman, however, having been taken by the parliament otlicers, 
was, Carte says, put to the rack, " to make him confess." Tins circum- 
stance is supposed to have given Butler the ground he lias taken in 
these lines in his ILultbras : 

" Rack 'cm until they <lo confess, 
Impeach of treason whom they please, 
And most perfidiously condemn, 
Those that engaged their lives lor them." 

Sir Thomas Parsons of Croat Milton in Oxfordshire, (before men- 
tioned,) m. in 1GM, Catharine, a dau. of Edward Radcliff of London, 
son of Alderman Radclifij by Whom he hail Robert, Thomas, Rich- 
ard, Anthony, and six daughters. He was the son of Thomas of the 
same place, by his first wife, Judith Garbrand of the city of Oxford, 
who also had a daughter Amy, m. to Richard Alworth of Turford, 
Buckinghamshire. J lis second wife was Sarah, dau. of Edmund 
Waller of Costell, by whom he had three sons, John, Edmund', Fran- 
cis, and two daughters, Elisabeth, m. Anthony RadclifF of Chalfurcl, 
Co. Bucks, and Ann, wife of Richard Baldwin oC Beaconsfield, in the 
same county. 

The grandfather of Sir Thomas was Thomas of Great .Milton, who 
in. Catharine, dau. of Hester Sydenham, by whom he had Thomas, 
Hugh, and Richard. 

Richard in. Miss Pierpont, and had a son John of London, 

who m. 1. a dau. of Joshua Whistler, by whom he had a daughter 
Catharine; he m. 2. Mary Gualter of London. Some of this family 
Were among the* early emigrants to America. 

The fust of the name we find in New England is Joscrii, Spring- 
field, I.GW>, where he appears as a witness to the deed from the Indians 
17 



26G 



Genealogies. 



[Jul) 



of the lands of that place and vicinity to William Pynchon and other 
on the fifteenth of July. There appear, however, soon after, at ill 
same place, Hugh and Benjamin. And family tradition relates th: 
Joseph and Benjamin were brothers, that tiny were born in Grea 
Torringtoii, near Exeter, Devonshire, England, who, with other chil 
dren, accompanied their father to New England, about the year L6o 
It is probable that they came over with Mr. Pynchon. 

(1) Joseph Parsons, 1 as lias been mentioned, was at Springfield in 

1G3G, where he probably remained until IG55, in whicl 
year he removed to Northampton. On the records of tin 
latter town is this entry: '"Joseph Parsons did at a Court 
in Northampton, holden March, 1662, testifie that hew. 
a witness to a deed uC the lands at Springfield, and i 
bargain bctweene the Indians and Mr. Pynchon, dateJ 
July 15, 1G3G, for 18 fathoms of wampom, Is coates, 1^; 
hatchets, 16 hoes, IS knives." 

As soon as the town was incorporated he was elected 
" Townsman," (or selectman,) though he subsequently 
paid the town 20 shillings not to elect him to any office 
during the second year of its incorporation. After that 
we find him serving the town as " Townsman" for seven 
years, lie was a principal founder of Northampton, was 
extensively engaged in the fur trade, and acquired a large 
estate. 

lie m. Mary, dan. of Thomas Bliss of Hartford, (after- 
wards of Northampton,) Nov. 2G, 1G-1G. They resided in 
Northampton till 1G79, in which year they returned to 
Springfield, where they both died. Among the records 
of deaths of thai town we find, " Cornet Joseph Parsons 
was sick and died, Oct. 9, 1G83." She outlived him 
near 19 years, dying Jan. 2'J, 1712. Their children were, 

(2) I. Joseph,- b. 10 17, m. Elisabeth, duu. of Elder John Strong, 
(11) whose father was ancestor of the late Caleb Strong, 

Governor of Massachusetts. lie d. Nov. 29, 1729. She 
was h. at Windsor, Ct., Feb. 24, 1618, d. at Northampton, 
May 11, 1736, a. 88. 

John,- b. 16-19, in. Sarah, dan. of Lieut. Clarke, at 

Northampton, Dec. 23, 1675. 



(3) 

(1) 
(21) 

(•3) 



II. 
III. 



I\ 



(6) 

(?) 

(8) 

9) 

(10) 



V. 
VI. 

VII 



Samuel,- b. 1652, settled at Durham, Ct., 1706. 



Ebenezer, 2 b. 1655, served against the Indians in Philip's 
war, and was killed lighting under Capt. Beers at North- 
field, Sept. S, 1675, with his commander and many more, 
lie was the first white child bom in Northampton. 

Jonathan,- b. June 6, 1657, d. Oct. 19, 168-1. 

David,- b. April 30, 1G59. 

Mary,- b. June 27, 16G1, m. 1. Joseph Ashley of Springfield, 
Oct. 15, 1G85; 2. Joseph Williston, March 2, 1699. 

VIII. Hannah,- b. 1663, m. Rev. Pelatiah Glover of Springfield, 

Jan. 6, 1GS7. 

IX. Abigail,- b. Sept. 3, 1GGG, m. John Colton, Feb. 19, 1GS9, d. 

soon after, leaving a dan. who m. Francis Griswpld of 
Windsor, Ct. 



1847, 



The Parsons Family. 



26' 



(11) X. Hester, 2 1). 1072, m. Joseph Smith of Greenwich, Ct. 
Joseph,- (2) who m. Elisabeth Strong-, had, 

(12) I. v Joseph;' 5 b. June 23, IG71, graduated at II. C. 1607, being 
(20) the first of the name who had graduated there. He in. 

Elisabeth, dau. of Dr. Benjamin Thompson of Roxbnry, 
Ms., (who was son of low. William Thompson of Brain- 
tree, Ms.,) in 1701. lie settled in the ministry, 1st, at 
Lebanon, Ct., 2nd, at Salisbury, Ms., in 1718, where he- 
el. March 13, 1739, a, 09. His wife d. at Kensington, N. II 



(13) II 

(14) III. 

(15) IV. 

(10) V. 



jiCiiunoii, <^i , iiiiu, in oansuury, ms., i 

d. March 13, 1739, a. 09. His wiled, at 
John," b. Jan. 11, 1671. 
Ebenezer, 3 b. Dee. 11, 1675,. m. Mercy Stebbins, Dee. 15, 

1703, d. 171 1. 
Elisabeth, 3 I). Feb. 3, 1678. 
David, 1 b. Deb. 1, 1680, at Northampton, grad. II. C. 170-5, 

•1,,,, \rr\u ,-,<' i .,; -....". noi ,,.e,...^ 1,,. 




William Williams, formerly a clergyman, but now a 
practising physician at Salem; Caroline, d. a. 22; So- 
phia, m. lie v. Silas Aiken of Boston ; William, a physi- 
cian of Canaan, Ct., d. a. 27 ; and James, a graduate am 
an instructor of youth at Savannah, Ga., d. a. 29. 

;i7) VI. Josiah, 3 b. Jan. 2, 1G82, m. Sarah Sheldon, June 22, 1710, d. 
April 12, 17 OS, a. 86. 

18) VJI. Daniel, 3 b. Aug-., 1685, at Northampton, ra. Abigail Cooley 
of Springfield, June 17, 1700, resided in Springfield. 

19) VIII. Moses, 3 b. Jan. 15, 1687, at Northampton, in. Abigail Ball 
of Springfield, Jan. 20, 1710, about which time he re- 
moved to Durham, Ct. 

20). IX. Abigail, 3 b. Jan. 1, 1690. 

21) X. Noah, 3 b. Aug. 15, 1002, left descendants. 
Samuel, 2 (1) who settled in Durham, Ct, had, 

22) I. Timothy, 3 1). 100 1.. d. Jan. 28, 1772. 



of Springfic... 
moved to Durham, Ct 
(20). IX. Abigail, 3 b. Jan. 1, 1000. 

Sa 

(22) I 

(23) I f. Simeon,"' b 1701, d. Jan. 0, \' IC i. 
(21) III. Phiuchas, 8 1>. 1703, d. i\lay G, 1721. 
(25) IV. Aaron ! 
(20) V. Ill 



namar, 3 b. 1707, d. Jan. 21, 17SG. lie and probably all his 
brothers left male posterity. David 4 and Nathan, 4 sons 
of Ithamar, removed to Granville, Ms,, about 1760. 
David 4 of Crranville, Ms , had n son .Tool, 5 who was fathci 
to tin- Hon. Judge Anson V." Parsons of Philadelphia. 



*2GS Genealogies. [,)uly, 

.losoph,'- (12) who in. Elisabeth Thompson, had, 

(27) 1. Joseph, 4 b. in Salisbury, 1702, grad. II. C. 172Q> ordained at 
Bradford, .Ms., June 8, 172G, d. there -May 1, 1765, a. 03. 
Jlis wife was Frances, dan. of John Usher, Lieut. (Jov. 
of New Hampshire, who was son of Llczekiah Usher, 
by Elisabeth, dau. of the Llev. Zaehariah Symmea of 
Charlestown, Ms. His publications wen; an Election 
Sermon, an Ordination, and an Artillery Election Sermon, 
17-11. Their children were, 1. Frances, 5 b. .1730, d. at 
Epping, N. II., Oct. 7, 1808, unmarried, a. 78. :i. Elis- 
abeth, 5 h. 173,1, d. 1733. 3. Joseph, 5 h. Oct. 5, 1733, min- 
ister of Brookfield, Ms., d. Jan. 17, 1771, a. 38. His wife 
was Sarah, dan. of llev. Warham Williams of Walt ham, 
Ms., by Abigail, dan. of Col. George Leonard of Norton. 
Rev. Warham Williams was son of Rev. John Williams 
of Deeriicld, the " Redeemed Captive," and grandson of 
Deacon Samuel Williams oi' Roxbury and Rev. Elcazer 
Mather of Northampton, great-grandson of Robert Wil- 
liams and Deacon William Park of Roxbury. 1. Thomas, 5 
1). 1735, who went to Parsonsfield, Me. <5. Samuel, 5 b. 
1737, of Cornville, Me., d. 1807. G. Dr. John, 5 1). 1710, of 
S. Berwick, Me., d. 1770. 7. William/' b. 1711, d. 1742. 
s. William, 5 of Alfred, .Me.. !>. 17 1']. d. Ann-. 4, 182G, a. 
83. '.». Sarah/ b. 171-3, d. at Parsonsfield, 1800. 10. Ed- 
ward;' b. 17 J 7, went in the Revolutionary army, as Adju- 
tant in Col. Poor's regiment, and d. 1770. 

Rev. Joseph Parsons 5 ol' Brookfield left an only dau., 
whom. Samuel Pitkin, Esq., of E. Hartford, Ct. William, 5 
who d. at Alfred, Me., had nine children, among whom 
was Usher, M. D., of Providence, R. I., a professor in 
Brown University, a surgeon in the war of 1^12, and in 
Perry's licet at the battle of Lake Erie, lie m. Mary, 
dau. of Rev. Abiel Holmes, D. D., author of "American 
Annals." Dr. Parsons is himself author of several medi- 
eal treatises of great merit. 

Thomas'' was the proprietor of Parsonsfield, Me., and 
left a numerous posterity — 19 children, by two wives, 
His first wife was .Mary Poor. 

CIS) II. Samuel, 1 b. at Salisbury, Ms., 1707, grad. 11. C. 1730, 
ordained at Rye, X. II., Nov. 3, 173G, m. Mary, only child 
of Samuel Jones, Esq., of Boston, Oct. 9, 17.*!!*, d. Jan. 1, 
1789, a. 82, in tin 1 53rd year of his ministry. The grand- 
father of Mary Jones was Capt. John Adams el' Boston, 
grandson of Henry of Braintree, who was among the first 
settlers of Massachusetts, am! from whom a numerous 
race of the name are descended, including two Presidents 
of tin: United States. (Jov. Samuel Adams (the patriot) 
was cousin to Mary who in. Samuel Jones. 

Rev. Samuel Parsons'' had four children; namely, 1. 
Mary, m. Rev. John Tuckc of Epsom, whose dau. Love 
M. m. Simeon Drake, late of Concord, N. II. 2. Joseph, 
M. D.. a captain in the Revolutionary army, who d. in 
Rye, N. II., in 1832, a. 8G. 3. Hannah, d. unmarried. 1. 
Betsey, m. Lieut. Samuel Wallace o\' live, whose dau. 
in. the late Isaac Waldron, Ksq., of Portsmouth, N. 11. 



1817.] The Parsons Family. 269 

(29) III. William, 4 b. at Salisbury, April 21, 17 10, grad. II C. 1735, 

settled over the church in South Hampton, N. II., 1743, 
from which he was dismissed after a ministry of about 

twenty years. lie m. Sarah Burnlium of Durham, N. II., 
May 10, 1713. !u 1763, he removed to Gilmanton with 
his family, that town being then a wilderness, though by 
the end of the year about twenty families had arrived 
and commenced settlements* Mr. Parsons was em- 
ployed by the proprietors to preach to the inhabitants. 
He also instructed the youth of the place, and continued 
these services after his labors as a minister ceased, lie d. 
Jan. 31, 17%, and his wife followed him to the grave, Feb. 
28, 1797. His children were Sarah, William, Elisabeth, 
John, Joseph, and Ebenezer. Elisabeth m. Gen. Joseph 
Badger, Jr., who was the father of Hon. William Badger 
of Gilmanton, late Governor of New Hampshire. 

(30) IV. Elisabeth/ b. 17 1—, in. Lie v. Jeremiah Fogg of Kensington, 

N. 11. Shed. March 5, 1770, a. GI. lied. Dec. 1, W-'J, in 
the 78th year of his nge, and the 52nd of his ministry. A 
descendant <d' llev. Mr. Fogg is the consort of Rev. James 
Farnsworth of Boxboro', Ms. 

(31) V. John, 4 b. Oct. lo, 17:2-5, d. Sophomore in II C, Oct. 28, 1740. 



(1) Benjamin Parsons, 1 younger brother of Cornet Joseph, whose 

descendants are above traced, was like him among the 
first settlers of Springfield, and a prominent citizen, a 
gentleman of exemplary moral character, of great worth 
and respectability- He was Deacon of the church, and a 
child" instrument in its formation in Springfield, as ap- 
pears from his correspondence with the llev. Dr. Increase 
Mather. In the civil affairs of the town, no one held 
more responsible offices, or discharged them with greater 
fidelity. 

Mr. Parsons m. 1st, Sarah, dan. of Richard Yore of 
Windsor, who was a member of the Lvov. John War- 
ham's church in Dorchester, and accompanied him to 
Windsor in 1635. She d. at Springfield, Jan. 1, 1676. 
He m '2nd, Sarah, relict of John Leonard, Feb. 21, 1(377. 
Her father having settled in Springfield in 1039. Dea- 
con Parsons d. August 21, 1GS9, and his wife in 1690. 

His children by his first marriage were, 

(2) I. Sarah,-' b. at Springfield, (as were probably all his children,) 

Aug. 18, IGjG, m.; James Dorchester. 

(3) IT. Benjamin,- b. Sept. 1-3, 1658, m. Sarah, dan. of John Keep 
(10) of Springfield, Jan. 17, 16S3. He d at Enfield, Cl , Dee. 

28, 1728, a. 00. She d. July 8, 1720. Her mother was 
Sarah, dan. of John Leonard of Springfield, and her 
father w, is killed by the Indians at Long Meadow, 1676 ; 
probably on the 26th of March; as on that day, six men 
were killed at Springfield, three of them near Pecowsick 

* For minute and intcrestinjr particulars of tins now important town, the reader i.s referred 
to the hi-ilory of il !>y Kr.v Ha\ii:i Lamammi In that work the author lias j,'iven pudi- 
Lrree.s of many oi the early settlers. 



270 Genealogies. [July. 

brook, as they were; passing from Long Meadow to the 
town, with an escort under Capt Nixon. The circum- 
stance was long perpetuated by the following distich, 
but with how much truth we pretend not to say. It is 
this: 

" Spveri Indians, ami one without a gun, 
Caused Captain Nixon and forty men to run." 

(I) III. Mary, 2 b. Dec 10, 1GG0, at Springfield, Jan. 27, 1G62. 

(5) IV. Abigail," b, Jan. G, IGG2, m. 1. John Mun, Dec. 23, 1G60; 2 

John Richards, Oct. 7, 1G8G. 
(G) V. Samuel, 2 b. Oct. 10, 1GC6, m. Hannah Hitchcock, March IS, 

(II) 1GS3, d. iti Enfield, Feb., 173G, a. 70. 

(7) VI. Ebenexcr,- h. Nov. 17, 1GG8, m. Margaret, dan. of Samuel 
(21) and Katherine Marshfield of Springfield, and grand- 
daughter of Thomas Marshfield, who came from Exeter, 
England, with Rev. Mr. Warham, and settled in Wind- 
sor, Ct. Mr. Parsons d. at Springfield, Sept. 23, 1752, a. 
S\. His wife d. Juno 12, 1758, a. 87, as is to be seen on 
her tombstone in West Springfield, together with these 
lines : 

The hope of life immortal 
bloom, Dispel y c grave's 

most hi. Lous gloom 

Christ on y« Resurection 

day his Saints with glory shall array. 

Mr. Rarsons was highly respected, was Deacon of the 
Congregational church in West Springfield fifty-two years, 

which terminated at his decease. 

(8) VII. Mary,- b. Doc 17, 1070, m. Thomas Richards, Oct. 21, 1691. 

(9) VIII. llezekiah,- b. Nov. 24, 1(173, hi. Hannah, dau. of Eliakim 

Cooley of Springfield, Feb. 20, 1701. [There is a curi- 
ous entry on the Springfield records concerning this 
match.] They resided in Enfield and Suflield, Ct. lie 
d; duly 11, 17 is. 

(10) IX. Joseph,- b. Dec, 1075, m. Abigail Phelps, Sept. 15, 1G97. 

lie resided in West Springfield. 
Benjamin,- (3) of Enfield, who m. Sarah Keep, had, 

(11) I. John/b. in Enfield, Nov. lit, iG8i,d. there May 9, 17 17, a. 33. 

(12) II. Benjamin," b. March 1, 1G88, was of Enfield, Ct., where 

he d. unmarried, July -1, 1731, a. 10. 

(13) III. Christopher, 3 b. Jan. 28, Hi 91, m. .Alary Pease of Enfield, 

April 22, 171 I, d. Sept. 10, 1717, a. 56. They had twelve 
children, bom between March 1, 1715, and Dec. 23, 1710 ; 
eight sons and four daughters. The sons were John, 4 
Christopher, 4 Benjamin, 4 Joseph, 4 Ebenezer, 4 Benjamin, 4 
Jabez, 4 Noah, 4 John, 4 m. Ann Colton at Enfield and had 
John,' Ehene/.er,'"' Jabez;'' and Oliver, 5 who d. at Peek- 
skill in 1777, in the Revolutionary war. 

Christopher, 4 m. Mary, dau. of Samuel Pease, and had 
among other children, Asahcl 5 and Christopher. 5 

Benjamin,* m. Sophia Pease, and had Simeon, 5 Alary, 5 
and John. 5 lb 1 lived at Enfield. 

Joseph, 4 m. Rebecca Allen of Enfield, Ct., and had 
Joseph, 5 and Jabez, 5 ami three daughters. Joseph 5 had 
a large family in Enfield. 



























. 
























1817.] The Parsons Family. 271 

(14) V. Sarah, 3 of whom we have no accounj but of her death, July 

8, 1729. 
Samuel 2 (G) of Enfield, who m. Hannah, dau. of Luke Hitchcock of 

Springfield, had, 
(ir>) J. John, 3 b. July 23, ICO:;, m. Thankful Root of Enfield, June 

20, 1716. They had seven children, among whom were 

John, 4 Moses, 4 and Thomas. 4 
(10) II. Luke, 3 b. Jan. 1, 1.G9G, in. Surah Osborn, Sept. 13, 1710, at 

Enfield. They had seven children, one of whom was 

a son, Luke, 4 b. April 17, 1724. 
(17) III. Hezekiah, 3 b. April 1-3, 1G93-, m. Rebecca Burt, Nov. 1-5, 

1723, d. 1751. He had, besides other children, Heze- 

kiah, 4 David, 4 Eldud : 4 und Charles. 4 

(15) TV. Hannah;" b. Aug. 2, 1700, m. Nath'l Horton, March 3, 1720. 

(19) A r . Nathaniel;' b. Dec. 28, 1-702, in. Mary Pease, Dec. 15, 1725. 

He had Nathaniel, 4 Chad-well, 4 who m. Ruth, dau. of 
Josiah Ward of Eniieid, and Stephen. 4 

(20) VI. Closes, 1 b. June 10, 1707, m. Hannah, dau. of Samuel Steb- 

bins of Springfield, Jan. \:\, 173(), d. at Enfield, 1 7 > t."i . lie 
had 5 children, 4 sons and -1 daughters. Warham 4 in. 
Mary Pease, and had, besides other children, Martin; 1 
Warham,"' and Moses. 5 

(21) VII. Miriam,' 1 b. April 0, 1710, m Caleb Jones, Nov. 10, 1730. 

(22) VIII. Samuel; 1 b. Nov. 23, 1000, (at Springfield) m. Abigail Ran- 

dall, Dec. J, 1713, and had sons, Samuel 4 and Aaron. 4 

(23) IX. Sarah,' 1 b. Nov. 10, 1701, m. Thomas Jones, June 10, 1712. 
(21) X. ■Daniel, of whom, as yet, nothing appears. 

Ebcnozer, 2 (7) of West Springfield, who m. Margaret Marshfield, had, 

(25) I. Ebenezcr,' b. at Springfield, Jan. 12, 1691, m. Martha Ely, 

1711, d. 1712, leaving 10 children; namely, 'Martha, 4 m. 
John Taylor; Eunice, 4 m. Daniel II. Phelps o[ Upper 
Housatoniek; Margaret, 1 m. Daniel Foot of Colchester; 
Mary, 4 m. William Clark of Colchester; Diana 4 ; Ebcne- 
zer 4 ; Naomi, 4 m. Asaph Leonard; Stephen 4 ; Abigail 4 ; 
and Seth. 4 

(20) II. Margaret; 1 b. Sept. 19, 1603, m. Rev. Daniel Elmer of 
Newark, N. J. 

(27) IIT. Jonathan; 1 b. July 15, 1695. Drowned, July 1, 1703. 

(26) IV. Benjamin; 5 b. Dec. 15, 1000, m. Martha Bliss, Aug. 15, 1723 ; 

went to Kingston, thence to Palmer, Ms., d. at Swunscy, 
in the house of his son, Aaron. 4 His wife d. at Palmer, 
Ms., July 17, 1700, a. 5(5. They had 12 children. 
Eleanor, 4 m. Elizur Pitch of Monson ; David 1 of Palmer, 
Ms. ; Tubitha, 4 m. Robert 3Nlc Master of Palmer, 1700; 
Moses, 4 d. at the Havanim in the French war; Israel, 4 d. 
in the same war, at Fort Dinner; Aaron 4 of Swansey ; 
Jonathan, 1 m. Mary, dau. Deacon Joseph Merrick of 
Springfield, d. at W. Springfield, May 2, is 10, a. 75. She 
d. March 15, lS17,a. 81. Joshua, 4 m. Eleanor Allen, lived 
in Palmer, Ms. Abigail, 4 m. Fbenezer Bliss of Belcher- 
town; Martha, 4 m. Daniel Worthington, Vt. ; Benjamin, 4 
d. in the French war. 
(29) V. Caleb, 3 b. Dec. 27, 100'.), m. Miriam Williston, Oct. 1, 1719. 
She d. at W. Springfield, July 21, 1700, a. 53, leaving 
owe son, Caleb, 4 b. 1755, d. 1700. 






























, 




































Genealogies. 



[July, 



(30) 

(31) 
(33) 



(••: 


12) 


(• 


13) 


R 


ov. 




wl 


(•' 


>') 



(35) ir 



(36) 



VI. Sarah, 8 b. Feb. 1, 1703, m. Pelatiah Hitchcock of IJrook- 

field, Ms. 

VII. Jonathan, 3 I), at Springfield, Nov. 30, 170.7, grail, at Y. C. 

172-0, studied theology with Rev. Elisha Williams, Pres- 
ident of V. C, anil [lev. Jonathan I'M wards of North- 
ampton, ordained at Lyme, March 17, 1730, in. Phebe, 
dan. of John Griswold of Lyme, and sister of Gov. Mat- 
thew ( rriswold. 

In March, 1710, Rev. Mr. Parsons removed to Newbu- 
ryport, \L., where lie preached until his decease. He 
d. July 10, I77G, a. 71, and was interred in a tomb under 
his pulpit, by the side of Rev. George Whitefield, wl.io 
had died at his house not long before. His wife d. at 
Newburyport also, Dec. 2G, 1770. lie m. 2. Mrs. Lyclin 
Olarkson, widow of Andrew Clarkson, Esq., of Ports- 
mouth, N. IT. She survived him, and d. April 30, 1778. 

Mr. Parsons was author of several occasional -and olhei 
sermons in pamphlet form, and two volumes of sixty 
sermons in 8vo., advertised as in press at Newburyport, 
in 1781, by J. My Call. As extended memoirs have been 
published of him in several works, it is unnecessary to 
be more particular at this time. 

VIII. Abigail, 3 b. Oct. 21, 1708, m. Thomas Day of Springfield, 

March 19, 173-5. 

IX. K'lthmiiHV 1 1). Oct. 1G, 171"), m. Aaron Taylor of Upper 

Hon if at o nick. 

Jonathan Parsons'' 5 (31) of Newburyport had 1.3 children, G of 
10m d. in infancy. Those who married were, 

I. Marsh field'/ b. Feb. 7, 1733, lived at Lyme, Ct., d. there 
Jan. 13, l@13,*-ai 60. He m. 1. Lois, dan" of Richard Wait, 
Sen., of Lyme. He m. 2. Abigail .Marvin, Nov. 20, 1756. 
She d. Ami. 22, 1782, a. 3-5. He m. 3. Abigail Waterman 
of Norwich, Jan. 15, 1783. She d. March 11, 1793, a. 
53. He m, 1. Phebe Griffin, Oct. 10, 1793, widow, and 
dan. of Pardon Taber of Lyme. He had children only 
by his first wife. His son John 5 m. Joanna, dan. of Joseph 
Mather of Lyme. By a second wife, Lois, dan. of Rich- 
ard Wait, Jr.", he had 12 children. 
Jonathan, 4 b. April 25, 1735, m. Hannah, dan, of Samuel 
Gyles of Salisbury, Aug. 20, 1750. They had 10 chil- 
dren, l of whom were sons, and all d. unmarried. Elis- 
abeth 3 m. 1. Samuel Chandler, 2. John Mycall. Hannah' 
m. Abraham Jackson, and had Ellen and Isaac Uand" ; 
the latter d. July 27, 1812, at Copenhagen, while U. S. 
Chuge d'Aflaires, a. 37. He m. Louisa C. Carroll of 
Philadelphia, granddaughter of Charles Carroll of Carrol- 
ton, Md.j one of the signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. 

III. Samuel Hidden/ b. May M, 1737, at Lyme, Ct., grad. II. 
C. 175(>; in 1781 be received an honorary degree from 
Y. C, studied law at Lyme in the otlice of his uncle, 
Gov. Matthew Griswold, admitted to the bar in New 
Loudon county, 1759, settled at. Lyme, was elected 
Representative to the General Assembly in 17G2, and 



1847. 



The Parsons Family. 



273 



successively for eighteen sessions, which brought liim 
to the year 1771, when lie reeeive'd the appointment oi' 
King's Attorney, and removed to New London. In 1775 
he was appointed Colonel of the sixth Connecticut regi- 
ment, and a Brigadier-General by Congress in 177G, 
Major- General in 1780. In 1779 he succeeded Gen. 
J > ntii:iiii in the commaiul of the Connecticut line of the 
Continental army, and served in the Revolutionary army 
as Major-General until the close of the war. lie was 
an active member of the Convention of Connecticut in 
January, 1733, which ratified the Constitution of the Unit- 
ed States, and was elected President of the " Society of 
Cincinnati" of Connecticut. In 176-5 he was appointed 
by Congress a Commissioner to treat with the Indians 
at Miami. Jn 1763 he was appointed and commissioned 
by President Washington, first Judge of the North West 
Territory, which included the present Slates of Ohio, 
Indiana, Illinois, and Michigan ; and while holding that 
ofli.ee, was, in 1 760, appointed by the State of Connecti- 
cut a Commissioner to hold a treaty with the Wyandots 
and other tribes of Indians on Lake Erie, for extinguish- 
ing the aboriginal title to the " Connecticut Western 
Reserve." While returning to his residence at Marietta 
from tins service, he was drowned by the overturning of 
his boat in descending the rapids of the Big Beaver river, 
Nov. 17, 1769, a. 52. 

(Jen. Parsons in. Mehetabel, dan. of Richard Mather 
of Lyme, (a lineal descendant of Ilev. Richard Mather of 
Dorchester.) Sept. 10, 1701. She was b, in Lyme, .March 
7, 1713, d. Aug. 7, 1802, and was buried at Middletown. 
Ct. The children of Gen. Parsons were, 1. William 
Walter, 15 b. duly 5, l7G2,.m. Esther, dan. of Thompson 
Phillips of Middletown, d. Jan. 21, ISO 1, leaving chil- 
dren, Esther Phillips, in. to William Ilarnmet of Bangor, 
and Thomas, who d. young. 2. Lucia, 5 b. Nov. s, 1761, 
m. Hon. Stephen Titus Hosmer, Chief-Justice of Con- 
necticut. They had I sons and (i daughters. All the sons d. 
young, except Oliver Ellsworth," who in. Ann P. Hawes 
of \. York. 3. Thomas/' who d. young. 1. Enoch, 5 
whose biography was given ill the April number of this 
work lie was !>. Nov. 5, 17(i9, in. 1. Mary Wyley 
Sullivan, May Li), 170-3. She was dan. of John Sul- 
livan of London, and b. in Philadelphia, Nov. 0, 1772, d. 
at Middletown, July 2, 1807. lie in. 2. Mrs. Sarah Ro- 
secrants, <.\w\\. of Nehemiah Hubbard of Middletown, by 
whom he had one son, Henry Ethelbert, who in. Abby 
('., (\w\\. of John Welles of Ann Arbor, Michigan ; and a 
dan., Mary Sullivan," in. James, son of Robert Dickson 
of London", Eng., d. at Philadelphia, Dec. 15, ISll. .The 
next of the children of Gen. Parsons was, 5. Mehetabel, 3 
b. Dec.21, 1772, m. William P>. Hall, M 1)., of .Middletown, 
d. Nov. 1, 1623, a. 51, leaving, 1. William Brenton ,: ; 2. 
Samuel Elolden Parsons'' of Binghampton, X. V. 0. 
Phebe,"' b. Jan. 25, 1775. at X. London, in. Samuel Tif- 



274 



Genealogies* 



[July, 



IV 



(38) 
(30) 

(•10) 



fen, hail a dan., 6 in. to L. T. Clark of Philadelphia. 7. 
Samuel llolden, 5 b. Dee. ul, 1777, m. Esther, dan. of 
Giles Page of Middlctown, d. in the West Indies, leav- 
ing a dan., Mary Ann, 1 ' in. to William C. [Iammet of 
I lowland, Me. is. Margaret Ann.' 9. Margaret,* b. 1785, 
m. 1. Stephen Hubbard of Middletown, who settled at 
Champion, N. V., where he d. 1812. 2. Alfred Lathrop 
of Champion and \V r . Carthage, X. V. 
Thomas, 4 I). April 28, 1739, m. 1. Mary Gibson, and had one 
son, Jonathan G., 5 who d. without issue. He in. 2. Sarah 
Sawyer of Newbury, and had, 1. Sarah/' in. to Gorham 
1'arsons, late a merchant of Boston, whose father was 
brother to the late Judge Tiieophilus Parsons of Bos- 
ton, descended from that branch of the family settled at 
Gloucester, Ms., the ancestor of which was Jeffrey Par- 
sons, whose pedigree we propose to trace hereafter; 2. 
Ann, 5 m. Fit/.- William Sargent of Gloucester, Ms.; 3. 

Mary, 5 m. Ignatius Sargent ; 1. ,'' m. Samuel Torrey 

of Boston. 



V. Phebe, 4 1). at Xcwburyport, March 6, 171 s ?, m. Capt. Eben- 

e/er Lane of Boston, had no children, d. 1761. 

VI. Lucia, 4 b. at Xcwburyport, Dec. 23, 1752, m. Capt. Joseph 

Tappan of that placed, there in 1S15, a. G3, leaving 7 
children-; 1. Thomas IV; 2. Phebe Griswold 5 ; 3. Sarah''; 
!. John Tike'; 5. Richard'; ('..Joseph'; and 7. Thomas 
Parsons. 5 

VII. Lydia, 4 h. April !3, 1755, in. Moses, son of lion. Jonathan 

Greenlenf of Newburyport, Sept. 17, 1770, and had chil- 
dren, 1. Moses;' 2. Clarina Parsons,' 3. Ebenezer, 5 4. Si- 
mon, 5 b. Dec. 5, 1763, the distinguished attorney and pro- 
fessor of law in II. C, ~>. Jonathan, 5 a clergyman of 
Prooklyn, N. Y., and author of a memoir of He v. Jona- 
than Parsons in the American Quarterly Register, also 
of Ecclesiastical Sketches of Maine. 



Hugh Parsons appears on the town records of Springfield, 27.8, 
(27 Oct.) 1 G 15. How long before that he was resident there does not 
appear, though it is quite probable he was among the first inhabitants. 
Whether Hugh were a brother of Benjamin and Joseph, or what 
relationship he may have borne to them, nothing has yet come to our 
knowledge to enable us to determine; yet he was probably the older 
brother of those, and so wo shall consider him until we are otherwise 
assured. Mr. Parsons married Mary Lewis on the date above men- 
tioned, by whom he had, 

I. Samuel, b. Oct. 1, If is, d. Oct. 1, 1G49. 

II. Joshua, b. Oct. 26, 1050, d. June -1, 1G5L 

About this point of time began the troubles and trials of this devoted 
family, and here, on the Springtield town records stands the following 
sad entry: 

"Joshua Parsons, son of Hugh was killed by Mary Parsons his wife, 
1.1. 1651." 

Singular as it may now seem, and notwithstanding the above entry, 
fair and legible at this day upon the records, an attempt was soon after 
made to throw the cause of the death of the son upon the lather, 'and 



1847.] Ancient Family Bible. 21u 

that he had effected it by witchcraft! We will not now enlarge on this 
subject, as we propose to publish at sonic future time an article on 
witchcraft in our country, and its unhappy effects. 

P. S. We originally intended to have given in this number the 
genealogy of tin; branch of the family of Parsons settled at Gloucester, 
but for want of room, and some materials, arc obliged to defer it to a 
future one; meanwhile wc hope the descendants of Jeffrey Parsons, 
(the progenitor of this branch.) will forward us all the facts they pos- 
: sess concerning it, that it may be rendered as complete as possible. 
For the information of those concerned, it may be proper to state, that 
we have a copy of the pedigree which was in the possession of ihe late 
William Parsons, Esq., of Boston, which, though extensive as it re- 
spects the names of the descendants, is very defective in dales and 
names of places. In these particulars we especially want information. 



ANCIENT BIBLE IN POSSESSION OF WIDOW LUCY WATERS OF 

SHARON, MS. 

It is said that this Bible was brought from England to America by the Pil- 
grim Fathers, who landed from the ship Mavllmver, at Plymouth, Ms., Decem- 
ber 22, A. D. 1620. 

The title-page of the Testament* part of this Bible is in the following 
words, viz. — 



XS2SSI STHSSOJKKXE 



OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST. 

Conferee! diligently with the Greeke and best approved 
translations, in clivers Laiiffuasres. 



r> — o 



Imprinted at London by the Deputies of Christopher Barker, Printer 

to the Queens must excellent Majesty. 

A. D. 1592. 



Cum. gratia privilegio Rcgicr Maicstatis. 



* All the. fly-leaves are gone from the beginning of the < >ld Testament, as well as the title- 
pnsre. 



27C) Biographical Notices of [July, 

"Family Record m. the Bible. 

We Kli ha Bradford and Bathshua Le-broeke, were married 3 September, y e 
7th, Ann.. Domini 1718, (') 
Account ol' the births, of all our children. 

Our Daughter Hannah, was born April y c 10th 
Joseph was born December y 1 ' 7th clay 

Silvamis was horn July y° 0th day 
Nehemiah was horn July y e 27th day 
La u ran a was horn March y e 20th day 
Mary was horn August y L ' 1st day 
Elisha was born October y'' Gth day 
Lois was horn January y e 30lh day 
Deborah* was horn November y° 18th day 
Allis was born November y e 3d day 
Azenath was born September y e loth day 
Carpenter was horn February y c 7th day 
Abigail was horn June y c 20th day 
Chloe was horn sixth day of April 
Content was horn twenty-first day of May 
Content dee' 1 May 22 
Silvan us dec' 1 the twelfth day of July 

The foreiroing title-page and Family Register were transcribed for and at the 
request of Alden Bradford, b>q., Feb. 22, 18-12, 

15\ his humble servant, 

WILLIAM ELLIS. 





1719 




1721 




172:5 




1721 




172G 




1727 




1720 




1730-31 




1732 




1731 




173(5 




1733-9 




1711 




1713 




1745 


1745 




1723 





BIOGRAPHICAL. NOTICES OF PHYSICIANS IN 
ROCHESTER, N. II. 

[For the account of the following medical gentlemen we are indebted to Dr Samuel Pray.] 

Dr. James Jackson was the first physician who settled in Rochester. 
He went from Connecticut, but in what year he went and how lunjj 
he lived in the town, is not known. 

Dr. James How was the son of Deacon TIow of Methue.n, and broth- 
er of David How, Esq., oi' Haverhill, Ms. lie went to Rochester 
about the year 1777, and practised in his profession till near the time of 
his death, in 1807. lie was a Representative to the State Legislature 
several years, and was elected a member of the N. II. Medical Socie- 
ty in 1791, soon after the Charter was granted, lie was also sur- 
geon's mate in the army of the Revolution. lie died at the age of 53. 

Dr. Samuel Pray was bom at South Berwick, Me., July 3, 1709. 
He received his preparatory education at Dummer Academy. New- 
bury, Ms., in the years 1784, '85, and '8(5, studied medicine with Dr. 
Jacob Kittredge of Dover, three years, and commenced the practice of 

♦ This Deborah was the mother of the American Heroine, T)i harah Simpson, who, under 
the name of Rnhert Shhtlipff, served about two years as soldier in the army of the Revolution, 
in Ca.pt. Webb's 'Company, Col. Jackson's Regiment, and General Patterson's Brigade, and 
after an honorable discharge from the Continental army, returned heme to her mother at 
Plimpton in the Old Polony ; assumed her female habiliments, and was married to Benjamin 
Gun net of Sharon, .Ms , in I7M, where she died about ten years ago, and where three of her 
children reside ut the present day. 



18-17.] Physicians in Rochester, N. II. 277 

his profession in September, 1792, at Rochester, where he lias reside*! 
about fifty -five years. [Io united with a number of physicians in the old 
County of Stratford in Ibl 1, who constituted ihe Stratlbrd 1 )istrict of the 
N. II. Medical Society, of wh'u-li he was Secretary several years. Lie 
was elected a Fellow of the N. II. 3Y1. Society in 1S1G, and has been 
one of the Censors for Strafford District. Dee. 1 I, 1621, he was elect- 
ed an Honorary .Member of the Medical .Society at Dartmouth College. 

Dr. Timothy F. Preston went to Rochester in the year IS07, and re- 
sided in town about a year, and then returned to New Ipswich, his 
native place. 

Dr. John Perkins went to Rochester in 1 607, and resided there till 
ISlo, when he moved with his family to Jaifrey. It is not known 
where he received his education. 

Dr. Asa Perkins went from Dover, his native- [dace, to Rochester, in 
1816, and resided there two years, and then returned to Dover, where 
lie now resides. He is the son of William Perkins, who was a mer- 
chant in Dover, and who died several years since. The Doctor studied 
medicine with Dr. Jabez Dow of Dover, lie was born April 5, 1793. 
Having abandoned his profession, he entered into mercantile business. 

Dr. James Farrington went to Rochester in August, 1818, and has 
resided in town, to this time [1.8-1.7]. lie was horn at Conway, Octo- 
ber, 1791, ami is the third son, now living, of Jeremiah Farringlon, late 
of Conway, who emigrated when a young man from Concord, N. II., 
and will) several others formed a settlement upon the banks of the 
Saco river, in that section of the country then called by the Indians 
Pequawket, now Conway and Fryeburg; and grandson of Stephen 
Farrington, who was one of the first settlers of Concord, and whose 
wife was a sister of Jonathan and Samuel Bradley, who, with Obadiah 
Peters, John Bean, and John Lufkin, were massacred by the Indians, 
Aug. 11, 1740, between Concord and llopkinton, and to whose memo- 
ry a granite monument has been erected on the spot where the mas- 
sacre was perpetrated, by their surviving relatives. lie received an 
academic education at Fryeburg Academy, where in 18.14 he was pre- 
pared to enter college. lie commenced the study of medicine under 
the tuition of Dr. Moses Chandler of Fryeburg, Me., February, 161-5, 
and concluded his term of study under the instruction of Dr. Jabez 
Dow of Dover, in February, 1818. lie was examined in the science 
of medicine and surgery by the Censors of the N. II. Medical Society, 
Drs. Crosby and Pray, July 18, 1818, and commenced practice in Roch- 
ester on the 9th of August following, lie is a Fellow of the N. II. 
Medical Society, and has been Censor and a Counsellor of the Socie- 
ty, -\\u\ for several years President of the Strafford District Society. 
lie has been a Representative ami Senator in the State Legislature, and 
in 1837 was elected a member of the lioth Congress of the United 
Stales. In 1845 he was appointed by the Executive of the State one 
of the Trustees of the N. 11. Asylum lor the Insane. 

Dr. Farrington was married, m 1^:27, to Mary D., eldest daughter of 
Mr. Joseph Hanson of Rochester, and has four children living; three 
sons and one daughter. Formerly he had students in medicine, among 
whom were Dr. Joseph 11. Smith, now a successful practitioner in 
Dover, Dr. Timothy Upham, an eminent physician, late; of Waterford, 
N. Y., and a son of the lion. Nathaniel CJphani, late of Rochester, also 
Dr. Alfred Upham, now a physician in the city of New York. 

Dr. Firrington has had an extensive business in his profession for 
twenty-dve years, and has performed many ditlicult surgical operations. 



Sketches of Alumni [Jul 



Dr. Calc'tn Cutter, Dr. Theodon Weils, and a Dr. Turner {torn Ma 
sachusctt.s, went to lieu- host or and tarried a short time in L832 ami It 
ami then returned to their native towns. 

J)r Ritftis l\ Pearl was born at Luirminglon, Feb. G, 1615, attendc 
Medical Lectures ;it Bowduin and Dartmouth Colleges, and sttidii 
medicine with Dr. Wight of CSihnauton. He commenecd practice ii 
Rochester in 1810, and being out ol' health, he left the profession, ai. 
lias gone into trade in the village of that place. 

Dr. John W. Pray is the son ol* Dr. Samuel Pray of Rochester, will 
whom he studied medicine. He was born in Rochester, August; l^li 
attended .Medical Lectures at Dartmouth College, commenecd tli 
practice of his profession in Harrington, in 18-10, and continued at ilia 
place three years, when he returned to Rochester and went into pra. 
tice with his father. 

Dr. Richard Jlusscl moved from Great Falls village to Rochestei 
about the year 1611, and resided in town about three years, and then 
returned to Great Falls, in 18-1-1. It is not known when he began the 
practice of his profession, nor what was his education. 

Dr. Jeremiah Garland was born at Strafford, Sept. 23, 1815, aw! 
commenced the practice of his profession at Rochester, in 18-14. Hi 
attended Medical Lectures at New York, in the old medical and surgi 
cal institution* and obtained the degree of M. D. at that institution 
lie studied medicine with Drs. Chadbourne and Haynes of Concord. 



SKETCHES OF ALUMNI AT THE DIFFERENT COLLEGES 
IN NEW ENGLAND. 

HON. NATHAN WESTON OF AUGUSTA, ME. 

John Weston, from whom the subject of this memoir is the 
fourth in descent, came from Buckinghamshire in England to this 
country, in 1044, at tin; age of 13. After residing a few years 
in Salem, he purchased a tract of land in what is now South Read- 
ing, Ms., to which he removed, and where he spent the residue of his 
days, lie died in 1723 ; being more than 90 years of age. It i.~ 
noted on his gravestone, that he was one of the founders of the 
church in Reading. A part of his estate remained in the hands ol 
his posterity for over one hundred years. Stephen, his son, was a 
pious, industrious, and respectable man. He had a farm in Read- 
ing, where he died in 1753, at the age of SS. 

Stephen, his son, became the owner of a farm in Wilmington 
Ms. He was a leading man there, distinguished for his piety, and 
was for many years Deacon of the church in that town, where he 
died in 1770, in his 81st year. Nathan, his fifth son, was born a' 
Wilmington, in 1710. lie married Elisabeth, the mother ol' tin 
subject of this Memoir. She was the daughter of Samuel Ban- 
croft, Esq., of Reading, who represented that town for many year; 
in the General Court, and sister of the late Rev. Dr. Baneroft o; 
Worcester. lit; (Nathan) removed to that -part of Hallowed whicl 
is now Augusta, in [Maine, then a part of Massachusetts, in J7c>l 
lie was lor several years in the State government o( .Massachusetts 



18-17. J at the different Colleges in New England. 279 

being, at different times, a member of the House, Senate, and 
Council of that Commonwealth, lie died in 18»J^, al the advanced 

age of nearly Wo years. 

! Nathan Wt.stun, his son and the subject of this Memoir, was 
born at Hallowell, now Augusta, July 27, 1782. He pursued his 
studies, preparatory to his entering college, at Hallowell Academy, 
under the direction of the late Preceptor .Moody, lie was grudu? 
ated at Dartmouth College, in 1*03. Lie went immediately into ihe 
study of the law. Alter reading a few months with Benjamin 
Wliitwell, Esq., of Augusta, he entered the olliee of George Blake, 
Esq., Attorney for the United Slates, for the Massachusetts District, 
at Boston., where he prosecuted his studies, until his admission to 
the bar, in the county of Suffolk, in July, 1.80(5. 

lie soon after opened an olliee at Augusta, but in March, 1S07, 
removed to New Gloucester, in the count)' of Cumberland, Where 
he continued in full practice in his profession llnve years, represent- 
ing that town in 1808, in the General Court of Massachusetts. In 
June, 1809, he married Paulina B., daughter of the lion. Daniel 
Cony, and returned to Augusta, in March, L810, where he now 
(1817) resides. lie continued the practice of the law until the fall 
of 1811, when he was made Chief-Justice of the Circuit Court of 
Common Pleas for the Second Eastern Circuit of Massachusetts, 
in which he continued to olliciate until the separation of Maine, in 
18'20. lie then became one of the Judges of the Supreme Judicial 
Court, and in October, 18-3-1, he was appointed Chief-Justice of that 
State, which olliee he held till October, 18-11, when his term of 
olliee expired* hi 1831, the honorary degree of Doctor ol Laws 
was conferred upon him at Dartmouth College, and afterwards at 
Waterville and Bowdoin Colleges, Maine. 

In February, 182o, at a general meeting of the members of both 
houses of the Legislature, then sitting in Portland, without distinc- 
tion of party, he was with great unanimity nominated for the; eilice 
of Governor, but preferring to remain on the bench, he declined the 
nomination. 

Judge Weston has four sons ; Nathan, Daniel Cony, who mar- 
ried Mary C. North, granddaughter of the late General William 
North of New York-, George Melville, and Charles. The lirst three 
were educated at Bowdoin College, and are now in the practice of 
law; one in Augusta, one in Orono, and one in Vassalborough, in 
Maine. His third sou, George Melville, is Attorney for the Stale 
for the county ol' Kennebec. Charles, his fourth son, has been a 
midshipman in ihe Navy of the United States. Of his daughters, 
Paulina Cony died in 1820, aged two years. Two survive, namely, 
Catharine Martin and Louisa Matilda. 

Chief-Justice Weston is not known as the author of any pub- 
lished work, beyond an occasional oration or address, in his 
younger days ; but the decisions of the Supreme Court ol Maine, 
now extended to about twenty volumes, are Idled with legal opin- 
ions drawn by him, which will remain a monument of his learning 
and industry. 



2'80 Sketches of Alumni [Jul) 

HON. RICHARD LAW OF M'.W LONDON, CT. 
[Tins memoir was obtained iliruii:jli ihc instrumentality of L'rof. Kinsley of Yale College | 

Richard Law was a son of the lion. Jonathan Law, Governoi 
of Connecticut, and was horn at Miiford, on the 17th of March, 
1733. lie was educated at Vale College, where he was graduated 
in 17ol, and where also lie received tin.' degree of LL. J). Imme- 
diately after graduating, he entered upon the study of the law, in tin 
office and under the instruction of that able jurist and accomplished 
lawyer, the Hon. Jared lngersoll ; and alter a course of studie. 
usual at that clay, he was, soon alter the aire of 21, admitted to tin 
bar, at New Haven; and immediately removed, and settled at New 
London, where he became highly distinguished in his profession. A^ 
an advocate at the bar, his style was pure and correct, but not copious 
and flowing. lie was distinguished more as a learned lawyer, ;i 
close logician, a fair special pleader, than an eloquent orator. His 
talents were better adapted to a court than a jury, lie possessed 
a discrimination, and power of seeing and seizing the great point 
in the case — the point on which it must turn : and by a course; ol 
special pleadings — by drawing on the u heartstrings of the law" 
he had a faculty of presenting his point, by forming an issue in law 
for the decision of the court, most favorably for his client ; and on 
such issues, from the logical structure of his mind, he was power- 
ful, lie was thoroughly read in the ancient English law author- 
ities ; and few American lawyers or jurists, of his day and age. 
better understood the great, principles of the English common law, 
or could better discriminate between such of those principles as 
were applicable lo the genius oi a republican government, and such 
as were not, than Judge Law. Those which he adopted formed, 
as it respected the common law, the poleslar of his judicial 
decisions. 

After a full and lucrative practice of several years, in consequence 
of ill health, he was induced to relinquish the bar, and accept a 
seat as Chief-Judge on the Bench of the County Court for the 
county of New London. This office he held until May, 1784, 
when he was appointed one of the Judges of the Superior Court. 

In May, 1776, he was chosen an Assistant, a member of the 
Council or upper house of Assembly, which office he held by an- 
nual elections of the freemen, until May, JT^G, when an act was 
passed excluding Judges from a scat in the Legislature. 

In 1777, it is believed that at May session, he was appointed b\ 
the General Assembly a member of Congress; and continued with 
little, if any intermission, a member of that body until 17^2. 

On granting the charter to the city of New London, la; was by 
the freemen in March, 1784, unanimously chosen Mayor; which 
office he held until his death' — a period of nearly twenty-two years. 

On the return of peace, after the Revolution, he was appointed 
with the Hon. Roger Sherman, to revise the code of Statute Laws 
of the State. This code had not been revised for thirty years, and 
had accumulated to a great size, from the great variety of statute 



1847.] at (he different Colleges in New England. :l*\ 

enacted in the emergencies of the Revolution. In its subjects of cor- 
rection, a work of great interest and importance, it required no 
small ability so to select and discriminate as to giVe universal satis- 
faction. In the discharge of which duly he discovered great knowl- 
edge of the science of legislation, and the true principles of national 
government. 

In May, 1786, he was appointed Chief-Judge of the Superior 
Court ; and continued in that oilice until the adoption of die Con- 
stitution of the United States; when being by President Washing- 
ton appointed District Judge of the District of Connecticut, in Oc- 
tober, 1789, he resigned the former and accepted the latter, which 
he held until his death, which occurred at New London, .Jan. '20, 
180(3, in the 73rd year of his age. 

Judge Law lived in an eventful period of his country, and of the 
world ; and the many and various important offices which he held 
and honorably sustained through the course of a long life, better 
bespeak, than language can express, the character, the worth, and 
merits of the man. 

REV. XAPIITALI SIT AW OF BRADFORD, VT. 

Naphtali Shaw was born at Bridgewater, Ms., June 20, 1704, 
and was the fourth son of his parents. His father, who was by 
occupation a tanner and shoemaker, was William Shaw, who lived 
in Bridgewater, and married Hannah, daughter of Samuel West, 
who was a Deacon of the Congregational Church in that place, and 
lived to be more than eighty years of age. He had live sons and 
six daughters. At the age of fifteen the subject of this Memoir 
enlisted as a soldier in the Revolutionary army, and went with oth- 
ers to take Rhode Island, which was in 1771) in possession of the 
British, but he did not continue long in the service, the object being 
accomplished. He prepared for college under the instructions of 
Dr. Crane, a physician of Titicut Parish, and the Rev. Dr. Reed of 
West Bridgewater, In 178b, he entered the Freshman Class of 
Dartmouth College, and graduated there in 1790. After receiving 
his bachelor's degree, he taught school at Easton, Ms., and at Boston, 
as an assistant of Mr. Caleb Bingham, an instructor of much 
celebrity. His theological course of study was pursued under the 
direction of the Rev. Dr. Sanger of Bridgewater, who was in the 
habit of educating young men lor the ministry. He was approbated 
to preach the gospel, as it was then called, by the Plymouth Asso- 
ciation of Ministers, Aug. 1, 1792. Jan. 30, 179'J, he was ordained 
Pastor of the church in Kensington, N. II., where he remained till 
Jan. 13, IS13, when he was dismissed on account of ill health. His 
ministry was pacific and useful; peace and harmony were restored, 
and the cause of education, morals, and religion promoted. His 
health was such, that upon resignation, he retired from the ministry, 
and devoted himself to agricultural pursuits, having purchased a farm 
in the town of Bradford, Vt., where he still lives in the enjoyment of 
his bodily and mental powers, to a good degree, at the age of SI years. 
IS 



2S2 Sketches of Alumni [July, 

Mr. Shaw married, June 10, 1798, Mary Crafts, daughter of Dr. 
John Staples Crafts of Bridgewater, who was to him a great bless- 
ing. " The greatest blessing," said Martin Luther, "with which a 
man can be favored is a pious and amiable wile, who fears God 
and loves her family, with whom he may live in peace, and in 
whom he may repose confidence." The wife of Mr. Shaw died 
Jan. 14, 1840. Their children were four; — Thomas Crafts, living 
in Bradford, Vt., a farmer, and a deacon of the church in that place, 
who married Sarah Jenkins, by whom he has two daughters, Sarah 
Jane and Mary Ann ; Eliza Park, who married Pea. Randcll H. 
Wild of West Fairlee, who died in Bradford, Dec. 22, 1841, leav- 
ing two daughters, Elisabeth and Emily; Samuel West, who mar- 
ried Jerusha Bliss of Fairlee, and died March 12, 1832, leaving no 
child ; Mary Ann, who died July 12, 1808, in childhood. 

HON. NAHUM MITCHELL OF PLYMOUTH. 

Nahum Mitchell was born in East Bridgewater, Feb. 12, 1769. 
His father was Cushing Mitchell, son of Col. Edward, grandson of 
Edward, and great-grandson of Experience, who was one of the 
Pilgrim forefathers, and arrived at Plymouth in the third ship, the 
Ann, in 1623. They all lived and died in East Bridgewater, on the 
spot which their descendants now occupy. His mother was Jennet, 
daughter of the Hon. Hugh Orr, from Lochwinioch, Comity of 
Renfrew, Scotland, who married Mary, daughter of Capt. Jonathan 
Bass of East Bridgewater, whose father was Dea. Samuel Bass of 
Braintree, whose father was John, who married Ruth, daughter of 
the Hon. John Alden, the Pilgrim; and John's father was Dea. 
Samuel Bass of Braintree, (now Quincy.) Capt. Jonathan Bass's 
wife was Susanna, daughter of Nicholas Byram of East Bridgewa- 
ter, whose wife was Mary, daughter of Dea. Samuel Edson of 
West Bridgewater, and whose father, Nicholas Byram, married 
Susanna, daughter of Abraham Shaw of Dedham. 

Cushing Mitchell's -mother was Elisabeth, daughter of Elisha 
Cushing of Hingham, a descendant from Matthew Cushing one of 
the first settlers in Hingham, and ancestor of all of the name in this 
part of the country, and whose father was Peter Cushing of Hing- 
ham in England. Matthew's wife was Nazareth, daughter of Hen- 
ry Pitcher. Matthew's son Daniel married Lydia, daughter of 
Edward Gilman, ancestor of all the Gilmans in New England. 
Daniel's son Daniel, father of Elisha, married Elisabeth, daughter of 
Capt. John Thaxter of Hingham, son of Thomas, the ancestor of all 
the Thaxters in this vicinity. Capt. John Thaxter's wife was Elis- 
abeth, daughter of Nicholas Jacob, or Jacobs, of Hingham. 

Col. Edward Mitchell's mother was Alice, daughter of Ma;. John 
Bradford of Kingston, son of William, Deputy-Governor, and grand- 
son of William Bradford, the Governor. The Governor's wife 
was widow Alice Southworth, her maiden name Carpenter. Wil- 
liam the Deputy's wife was Alice, daughter of Thomas Richards 
ol Weymouth. Maj. John's wife was Mercy, daughter of Joseph 



1847.] at the different Colleges in Neiu England. 283 

Warren, son of Richard Warren, and his wife Elisabeth, from 
London. Joseph's wife was Priscilla, daughter of John, and sister 
of Eld. Thomas Faunce of Plymouth. Col. Edward Mitchell's 
mother, after the death of his father, married Dea. Joshua Hersey of 
Hingham. 

The subject of this Memoir prepared for college with the Hon. 
Beza Hay ward, in Bridgewater, and entered Harvard College, July, 
1785, where he graduated in 1789. He kept school at Weston, 
while in college, and a few times after graduating, in Bridgewater 
and Plymouth ; and was engaged in instructing part of the time 
while attending to his professional studies. He read law with the 
Hon. John Davis, Judge of the District Court of Massachusetts, 
lately deceased in Boston, but then living in Plymouth, his native 
place. He was admitted to the bar, Nov. 24, 1792, and settled in 
the practice of the law in East Bridgewater, his native place. 

Judge Mitchell was Justice of the Circuit Court of Common 
Pleas for the Southern Circuit, from 1811 to 1821, inclusive, being 
Chief-Justice during the last two years of that time. He was Rep- 
resentative to General Court from Bridgewater seven years between 
179S and 1812 ; Representative in Congress from Plymouth District 
two years, from 1803 to 1805; Senator from Plymouth County two 
years, 1813 and 1814; Counsellor from 1814 to 1820, inclusive ; 
Treasurer of the Commonwealth five years, from 1822 to 1S27 ; 
Representative to General Court from Boston, 1839 and 1840, in 
which place he then resided. He was appointed by the Governor 
one of the Commissioners for settling the boundary lines between 
Massachusetts and Rhode Island ; and afterwards, for settling the 
line between Massachusetts and Connecticut ; and was Chairman 
of the first Commissioners for exploring and surveying the country 
from Boston to Albany for a railroad route, 1827, and is a mem- 
ber of the Massachusetts Historical Society, and has been Libra- 
rian and Treasurer of that institution. He was also several years 
President of the Bible Society in Plymouth county. 

Judge Mitchell married, in 1794, Nabby, daughter of Gen. Silva- 
nus Lazell of East Bridgewater, and has 5 children, Harriet, Silva- 
nus L.. Mary Orr, Elisabeth Gushing, James Henry. Harriet 
married the Hon. Nathaniel M. Davis, Esq., of Plymouth ; Silvanus 
L. married Lucia, daughter of Hon. Ezekiel Whitman of Portland, 
Me., Chief-Justice of Court of Common Pleas; Mary O. married 
David Ames, Jr., Esq., of Springfield; Elisabeth C. married Nathan 
D. Hyde of East Bridgewater ; James Henry married Harriet La- 
vinia, daughter of John Angier of Belfast, Me., and is a merchant in 
Philadelphia; Silvanus L. was graduated at H. C, 1817, and he 
and his brother-in-law, Hyde, went into business as merchants at 
East Bridgewater, and thence removed to Boston. 

Judge Mitchell wrote a short History of Bridgewater, which was 
published in 1818, in the Collections of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, Vol. VII., 2nd series. He has since published an enlarged 
History of the Early Settlement of that Town, with a particular 
Genealo* / or Family Register of the Early Settlers. 



284 Advice of a dyi/ig Father to his Son. [July, 

ADVICE OF A DYING FATHER TO HIS SON. 

Dated January 27, 1716. 

[The following article was addressed by the II. -v. William Bral tie of Cambridge to Wil- 
liam Brattle, his .-on and only fluid who lived to maturity, while h<- was preparing for college. 
The father was a man distinguished for "piety, wisdom, and charity ; ' and ilie son " was a 
man of extraordinary talents and character, acceptable as a preacher, eminent a> a lawyer. 
celebrated as a. physician." He was a Major- General in the militia.and much in public olfice. 
May it not l»e supposed that this paternal Advice from an affectionate father to a ^on of hhal 
at lection and an obedient disposition, had great eilect in making him what he was ' For ibis 
and several other articles of an antiquarian nature we are indebted to Charles Lwer, Esq. J 

1. Agreeably to what is written 1 Chron. xxviii, 9, My dear Son, 
know thou the God of thy father, & serve him with a perfect heart, and 
with a willing mind. If thou seek him, he will he found of thee; but 
if thou forsake him, he will east thee ofF for ever. 

2. Think often of thine own frailty, and of the uncertainty and emp- 
tiness of all Sublunary Enjoyments. Value not Self upon riches. 
Value not thy Self upon any worldly advancement whatsoever. Let 
faith and Goodness be thy treasure. Let no happiness content and 
Sattisiie thee but what secures the favour and peace of God unto thee. 

3. Remember thy baptism, acquaint thy Self well with the nature 
and obligations of that Ordinance. Publickly renew thy baptismal] 
Covenant. Renew it Seasonably in thy early Lays with humility and 
thirsty desires to enjoy Communion with God in the ordinance of the 
Lord's Supper and in all Approaches before God therein bringing faitli 
and Love and a Self abasing Since of thine own Emptiness and 
unworthyncss. 

4. Prize and Esteem the holy word of God infmitly before the finest 
of Gold. Reverence it with thy whole heart, read it constantly with 
seriousness, and great delight. Meditate much upon it, make it thy 
Guide in all thy wayes, fetch all thy Comforts from thence, and by a 
religious and holy walk, establish thine Interest in the blessed and 
glorious Promises therein contained. 

5. Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy. Reverence God's 
Sanctuary. In prayer, in Singing, in hearing God's word Read or 
preached, and in every public administration Wait upon God with 
outward R.everence and true devotion in thine heart, Remembering 
that holyness for ever becomes God's house. When in thy more pri- 
vate retirements, Still let it be thy Care to Sanctifie God's Sabbath. 
Be watchful! therefore over thine heart and over thy thoughts. Call 
to mind and run over what thou hast heard in God's house. Read 
Savoury books. Catechise thy Self, and others too when God gives 
Opportunity. 

G. Take care of thy health, avoid all Excess in eating and in drink- 
ing, in taking thy pleasure, and in all innocent Recreations whatsoever. 
Let not immoderate heatt and Colds needlessly Expose thy body. 

7. Beware of Passion. Let not Anger and Wrath infect thine heart, 
suffer wrong with Patience, Rather than to right thy Self by unchris- 
tian methods, or by suffering thy spirit to be out of frame. 

8. Labour to establish thy Self and begg of God that he would 
Establish thee in the grace of Chastity, keep thine heart clean and 
Chast, keep thy Tongue clean and Chast, keep thine hands clean and 
Chast, keep thine Eyes clean and Chast. Never trust to thy Self to 
be thy keeper, avoid temptations to uncleaness of every nature, be 



1817.] Relationship. 285 

watchfull over thy Self night and day, but in the midst of all Lot 
thine heart be with God, and he thou much in prayer, that God would 
be thy keeper. Let all the incentives to Lust as farr as may be, be 
avoided by thee. 

9. Speak the Truth alwayes. Let not a Lye defile thy Lips, be 
content with Suffering rather than by telling the Least Lie tu Save 
thy Self. Beware of Shuffling oiF by disiinulation. 

10. Let Pride be an abomination in thy Sight. Cloth thyself with 
humility. Let humility be thine under Garment. Let humility be 
thine upper Garment. 

11. Despise no man, let the State of his Body or mind or other cir- 
cumstances of his, be what they will, still reverence humanity, consider 
who made thee to differ. 

12. lie just to all men; be thou courteous and affable to all men; 
render not Evil for Evil, but recompense evil with Good. Owe no 
man any thing but Love. 

13. Be thou compassionate, tender hearted, and mercifull ; do good 
to all men, be rich in j^ood works, ready to distribute, willing to com- 
municate; for with such sacrifices God is evermore well pleased. 

11. Avoid sloth and idleness, give thy Self to thy Studys ; converse 
with such Authors as may tend to make thee wise and good and to 
forward thy growth in true wisdom and goodness. 

15. Acquaint thy Self with History; know something of the Math- 
ematicks, and Physiek; be able to keep Aceompts Merchant like in 
some measure ; but let Divinity be thy main Study. Accomplish thy 
Self for the worke of the Ministry, begg of God that he would in- 
cline thine heart therlo, and accept thee therm, and if it shall please 
God thus to Smile upon thee, aspire not after great things ; let the 
Providence of God chuse for thee, and let the Flock have the Love of 
thy heart; be Solicitous for their Spirituall good, and for the glory of 
God; and let thy Aims be this way in all thy private meditations, ami 
public administrations, all the dayes oi^ thy Life. 

My dear Child, be of a Catholic!; Spirit. 



RELATIONSHIP 



In old wills and other old documents the word cousin is sometimes used for nephew, 
and thus many errors may occur in tracing out genealogies. Many curious cases of 
relationship will be found to exist by those that investigate the descent of families, 
some of which cannot be described by the terms we now use to designate consan- 
guinity. It is surprising, that among the many words that have been coined, some 
new terms have not come into use as substitutes for the awkward way we now have 
of naming some of our relatives ; such as great-great-great grandfather, great-great-great- 
uncle, &c. The following curious case was taken from a newspaper; whether the 
account is correct or not, the reader may see that it may be true. 

U A man can be his own gram! father. 

,; A widow and her daughter-in-law and a man and his son — the widow married the 
son, the daughter the father; the widow was mother to her husband's father and grand- 
mother to her husband ; they had a son to whom she was great-grandmother. Now as 
the son of a great-grandmother must be either a grandfather or great-uncle, the boy 
must be one or the other. This was the case of a boy in Connecticut." 



286 Decease of the Fathers of New England. [July, 

DECEASE OF THE FATHERS OF NEW ENGLAND. 

Chronologically arranged. 
(Continued from |>. 71.) 

1648. 

Oct. 11, Ilcv. Henry Green of Reading. 

1649. 

March 26, Gov. John Wiiithrop of Boston, b. Jan. 12, 1588, d., a. Gl. 
Aug. 25, Rev. Thomas Shepard of Cambridge, b. Nov. 5, 1005, d., a 
41. 

1650. 

Sept. 11, Atherton Hough of Boston, an Assistant. 

1651. 

Aug. — , William Thomas, an Assistant of Plymouth Colony, d., a. 

77. 

10-32. 

Aug. 24, Adam Winthrop, Esq., o^ Boston, d., a. 33. 
Sept. 11, Capt. Bozoun Allen of Boston, formerly of Hingham. 
Dec. 23, Rev. John Cotton of Boston d, f a. 07. (The old -'Boston 
Book" says, Mr. Cotton d. loth of 10th month.) 

1653. 

Jan. 18, Capt. William Tyng of Boston, Treasurer of the Colony. 
July 31, Gov. Thomas Dudley of Roxbury d., a. 77. 

Rev. Nathaniel Ward, first minister of Ipswich, d. in Eng- 
land, a. 63. 

Nov. 8, Rev. John Lothrop of Barnstable. 
Oct. 8, Hon. Thomas Flint of Concord. 

1654. 

Jan. — , John Glover of Dorchester, an Assistant. 

Gov. John Haynes of Hartford, Ct. 
July 23, William Hibbins, an Assistant, d. at Boston. 
Dec. 9, Gen. Edward Gibbons of Boston. 

1055. 

May 8, Edward Winslow of Plymouth d. on board the Fleet, a. 01. 
July 3, R.cv. Nathaniel Rogers of Ipswich d., a. 57. 

Rev. Daniel Maud of Dover, N. II. He had taught a school 
for some years in Boston before he went to Dover. 

Henry Wolcott, the ancestor of the governors of Connecti- 
cut by this name, d., a. 78. 

1050. 

Capt. Miles Standish of Duxbury d , a. ab. 72. 

Capt. Robert Bridges of Lynn, an Assistant. 
1068? Rev. Peter Prudden of Milford, Ct., d., a. 50. 
March 23, Capt. Robert Keaine, merchant in Boston. 
Oct. 22, Ptev. James Noyes of Newbury d , a. 18. 



1817.] Decease of the Fathers of New England. 287 

1657. 
Jan. 7, Gov. Theophilus Eaton of Connecticut d., a. GO. 
March — , Gov. Edward Hopkins d. in London, a. 57. 

George Fenwick, the first settler of Saybrook, d. in 
England. 
May 9, Gov. William Bradford of Plymouth, d., a. 69. 

1G5& 

Rev. Ralph Partridge of Duxbury. 
John Coggan of Boston. 

1659. 
Feb. 27, Rev. Henry Duuster of Scituate d., (buried at Cambridge.) 
March 9, Rev. Peter Bulkley of (Concord d., a. 7 7. 
April 10, Rev. Edward Norris of Salem d., a. ab. 70 
Sept. 29, John Johnson of Pwoxb.ury. 

1GG0. 

Oct. 1G, Rev. Hugh Peters executed in England, a. Gl. 

1661. 

Jan. 23, Rev. Ezekiel Rogers of Rowley, a. 70. 

Sept. 17, Maj. Gen. Humphrey Atherton of Dorchester. lie was 
killed by a fall from his horse on Boston Common, when on his return 
from a military review on the Common. Mr. Savage and the inscrip- 
tion on his tombstone say, that he died on the 16th, but other author- 
ity* and incontrovertible, says, on the " 17th at about 1 o'clock, after 
midnight." 

Dec. 28, Rev. Timothy Dalton of Hampton d., a. ab. 64. 

1GG2. 
March 1, Rev. Ralph Smith d. at Boston. 

March 30, Rev. Samuel Hough, minister of Reading, d. in Boston. 
June 11, Sir Henry Vane executed in England, a. 50. 
Oct. — , William Pyiichon d. at Wraisbnry, Bucks, a. 72. 

1GG3. 
, Thomas Camoek, nephew of the Earl of Warwick, d. in Scar- 
borough, Me. If he is the same who is named in the 2nd charter of 
Virginia, 1609, he was quite advanced in years. 

Rev. Richard Denton of Stamford, Ct., [ab. 1663.] 
April 6, Rev. John Norton of Boston, a. 67. 
June 12, Rev. John Miller d. at Groton. 
July 6, Pvev. Samuel Newman of Rehoboth, a. Go. 
July 20, Rev. Samuel Stone of Hartford. 

1GG-3. 
Jan. 0, Ptev. Samuel Eaton of New Haven. 
March 16, Gov. John Endecott of Boston, a. 77. 

July 16, Capt. Richard Davenport, killed by lightning at Castle 
William, a. 50. 

Rev. Adam Blackmail of Stratford. 
Dr. John Clark of Boston, a. GG. 

lime and preserved among the 



* MS. 


Memoi 


raiuli 


mi of Ca| 


>[. John 


Hull, made ai llu 


•wall |l 


.mors. 


The 


Huston H 


eeoriLs i 


ilso >ay Sej't. 17 



288 New England, [July, 



NEW ENGLAND. 

The following is an extract from u A new description of the world, — 
London, printed for Men. Rhodes, next door to the Swan Tavern, near Brides- 
Lane, in Fleet- Street, 1689. ,J 

NEW ENGLAND, an English Colony in America, is bounded on the North- 
East with Novumbcgua, on the Southwest with Nudum Belgium; and on tho 
other parts by the Woods and Sea coast; seituate in the middle of Temperate 
Zone, between the degrees of 41 and 4 \. equally distant from the Artick Circle, 
and 'the Tropick of Cancer; which renders it very temperate and very agreeable 
to the Constitution of English Bodies, the Soil being alike Fruitful, it" not in 
some places exceeding ours ; all soils of Grain and Fruit trees common with us 
growing kindly these j The Woods there are very great, wherein for the most 
part the Native Indians dwell Fortefying themselves as in Towns or places of 
defence, living upon Deer and such other Creatures, as those vast Wildernesses 
whose extents are unknown to the English abound with ; there are in this 
Country store of Ducks, Geese, Turkies. Pigeons, Cranes, Swans, Partridges, 
and almost all sort of Fowl, and Cattle, common to us in Old England; together 
with Furs, Amber, Flax, Pitch, Cables, Mast, and in brief whatever may con- 
duce to profit and pleasure; the Native Indians, in these parts are more tracta- 
ble, if well used, than in any other: many of them though unconverted, often 
saying, that our God is a good God, but their Tanto evil, which Tanto is no 
other than the Devil, or a wicked Spirit that haunts them every Moon, which 
obliges them to Worship him for fear, though to those that are converted to 
Christianity lie never appears. 

This English Colony after many Attempts and bad Successes was firmly 
Established 1620, at what time New Plymouth was Built and Fortified; so that 
the Indians thereby being over-aw*d. sulfered the Planters without eontroul to 
Build other Towns, the chief of which are Bristol, Boston, Barnstaple, and oth- 
ers, alluding to the Names of Sea Towns in Old England; and are accommo- 
dated with many curious Havens commodious for Shipping, and the Country 
watered with pleasant Rivers of extraordinary largeness; so abounding with 
Fish, that they are not taken for dainties; ami for a long time they were all 
Governed at their own dispose, and Laws made by a Convocation of Planters, 
ifc. but of late they have submitted to receive a Governor from England. 

NOVUM BELGIUM, or the New Netherlands, lies in this tract on the South 
of New England, extending from 38 to 11 degrees North Latitude; a place into 
which the Hollanders intruded themselves, considerable Woody; which Woods 
naturally abound with Nuts and wild Grapes, replenished with Deer, and such 
Creatures as yield them store of Funs, as the Rivers and Plains do Fish and 
Fowl; rich Pastures, and Trees of extraordinary bigness, with Flax, Hemp, 
and Herbage ; the ground very kindly bearing the Product of Europe ; and here 
the Natives, such as live in Hutts and Woods, go clad in Beasts Skins, their 
Household goods consisting of a Wooden dish, a Tobacco Pipe, and a Hatchet 
made of a sharp Flint Stone, their Weapons Bows and Arrows ; though the 
Dutch unfairly to their cost, out of a covetous Humor, traded with them for 
Guns, Swords, fyc. } shewing the use of them which the Indians turning upon 
their quondam Owners, found an opportunity to send 100 of their new Guests 
into the other World ; and here the chief Town is New Amsterdam, commodi- 
ously Seituate for Trade, and the Reception of Shipping. 



1847. 



Arrival of Ministers. 



:>s<j 



TIME OF THE ARRIVAL IN NEW ENGLAND OF 
FOLLOWING MINISTERS. 



Till- 



1C30. 

Rev. John Maverick. 
Rev. John Warham. 
Rev. John Wilson. 
Rev. George Phillips. 

1G31. 

Rev. John Eliot. 

1G32. 

Thomas Weld. 
Thomas James. 
Stephen Baehiler. 

1G33. 

John Coiton. 
Thomas Hooker. 
Samuel Stone. 
William Lcveredge 



Rev- 
Rev 
Rev 



Rev, 
Rev. 

Rev. 
Rev. 



Rev. 
Rev. 
Rev. 
Rev. 
Rev, 
Rev. 



Rev. 
Rev. 
Rev. 
Rev. 
Rev. 
Rev. 
Rev. 
Rev. 
Rev. 
Rev. 
Rev. 
Rev. 



1634. 

John Lathrop. 
John Miller? 
James Noyes. 
Thomas Parker. 
Zeehariah Symmes. 
Nathaniel Waal. 

103,3. 

Peter Bulkley. 
John Avery. 
George Burdet? 
Henry Flint. 
Peter Ilohart. 
John Reyner ? 
Richard Mather. 
Hugh Peters. 
John Norton. 
Thomas Shepard. 
William Walton. 
John Jones. 



1(530. 
Rev. Ralph Partridge. 



Rev. 


Samuel Whiting. 


Rev. 


Nathaniel Rogers. 


Rov. 


John Wheelwright. 


Rev 


Thomas .Tenner. 


Rev. 


Samuel Newman. 




1037. 


Rev. 


John Allin. 


Rev. 


Edmund Brown. 


Rev. 


Thomas Gobbet. 


ReV 


Timothy Dalton ? 


Rev 


John Davenport. 


Rev 


.h.lm Fiske. 


Rev. 


John Harvard. 


Rov. 


( Jeorge Moxon. 


Rev. 


William Thompson. 


J lev. 


John Prudden. 


Rev. 


Samuel Eaton. 




1G38. 


Rev. 


Ezckiel Rogers. 


Rev 


Robert Peek. 


[lev. 


Edward Norris. 


Rev. 


Charles Chauncy. 


Rev 


Thomas Allen. 


Rov. 


Homy Phillips? 


Rev. 


Marmaduke Matthews 




103!). 


Rev. 


John Knowles. 


Rev. 


Henry Whitfield. 


Rev. 


Richard Denton ? 


Rev. 


Jonathan Burr. 


Rev. 


Ephraim Hewett. 


Rev. 


Henry Smith. 


Rev. 


John 'Ward. 


WrV. 


William Worcester. 


Rev. 


Abraham Pierson ? 




1010. 


Rev. 


Henry Dunster. 




1011. 


Rev. 


Richard Blinman ? 


































' 

























290 Genealogies ami (heir Moral. [July, 



GENEALOGIES AND THEIR MORAL. 

We wore carelessly looking over a genealogy of the " Minot Family, '' in the 
second number of the u New Emdand Historical and Genealogical Register," 
when suddenly our eyes were sullused with tears, as they rested on the follow- 
ing .sentence in the catalogue of tin; children of ("apt. John Minot. who died in 
Dorchester, 1G69 : 

" Martha, born Sept. 22, 1C57; died, single, Nov. r J.'J, 1078, ayed 21. She was engaged 
to be married, but died unmarried, leaving a will in which she directed that at her 
funeral her betrothed husband, 'John Morgan, Jr. be all over mourning, and follow next 
after me.' : ' 

What a history is there in these few words about Martha Minot, who lived 
almost two centuries ago! The mind runs back in a moment to those times, 
when almost all New England was a wilderness — to those days of tin; old 
Indian wars, when no man could be a^' captain" without being a man of some 
rank and consequence. Just after the close of King Philip's war, when the 
villages of New England were; all in peace, Capt. John Minot's daughter Mar- 
tha, twenty-one years of aire, and having come into possession of her share of 
her father's estate, had plighted her troth to one she loved, and was expecting 
to be married too, when disease fastened upon her young frame, and would not 
be repelled. In the chill November air) when 

'• The melancholy days were come, the saddest of the year,"' 

she faded like a leaf. Ami at her burial there followed, nearer than brother or 
sister, nearest to the hearse, tin- one whom, of all the living, she loved most, from 
whom to part had been to her more painful than the death-pang; and who had 
been in her thoughts till "the love-light in her eye'' was extinguished. That 
single item in her directions for her funeral, that ••John Morgan, Jr., be all over 
mourning, and follow next after me," tells the whole story. 

Nothing seems, at first sight, less interesting or less instructive, than a gene- 
alogical table, a mere register of names and dates. But such a passage as that 
which we have quoted — so picturesque, so suggestive, so touching, so dramatic 
— when it occurs in the midst of these dry records, throws out an electric light 
at every link in the chain of generations. Each Of those names in the table 
is the memorial — perhaps the only memorial — of a human heart that once 
lived and loved ; a heart that kept its steady pulsations through some certain 
period of time, and then ceased to beat and mouldered into dust. Each of those 
names is the memorial of an individual human life that had its joys and sor- 
rows, its cares and burthens, its affections ami hopes, its conflicts and achieve- 
ments, its opportunities wasted or improved, and its hour of death. Each of 
those dates of ''birth,'' "marriage, 55 '•death,' 5 — how significant! What a 
day was each of those dates to some human family, or to some circle of loving 
human hearts ! 

To read a genealogy then may be, to a thinking mind, like walking in a 
cemetery, and reading the inscriptions on the gravestones. As we read, we 
may say -with the poet — 

" To a mysteriously-consorted pair, 

This place is consecrate — to Death and Life." 

The presence of death drives the mind to thoughts of immortality. Memo- 
rials of the dead are memorials not of death only, but of life. They lived, and 
therefore they died ; and as the mind thinks of the dead gathered to their fa- 
thers, it cannot but third; of the unseen worlds which they inhabit. All these 
names are memorials of human spirits that have passed from time into eternity. 
Ready or unprepared, in youth or in maturity, in childhood or in old age, they 
went into eternity, as we are going. 



1847. 



First Settlers bf Rhode Island. 



291 



" The nursling, and the tottering little one 

Taken from air ami sunshine when the rose 

( »(' infancy first bloom* upon his cheek ; 

The thinking ihougliilcsa sehoulhoy ; the hold youth 

Of soul impetuous, and the bashful maid, 

Smitten when all the promises of life 

An- opening round her ; those of middle age, 

Cast down while conlident in strength they stand. 

Like pillars tixed more firmly, as might seem, 

And more secure, by very weight of all 

That lor support rests on them ; the decayed 

And burthensome ; and lastly that poor few 

Whose light of reason is with agu extinct ; 

The hopeful and the hopeless, first and last, 

The earliest summoned and the longest spared, 

Are here deposited.' 1 

The genealogical chapters in Genesis anil Chronicles are commonly and vory 
naturally regarded as being almost if not quite an exception to the testimony, 
u All Scripture is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruc- 
tion in righteousness." But the story is told of a man who had long been irre- 
ligious and thoughtless, that in some vacant hour he happened to open his 
Bible, and begtin to read the catalogue of antediluvians, in the fifth chapter of 
Genesis. As he read that one lived so many years and he died, and another 
lived so many years ami he died, the uniformity of the record arrested his 
attention', his mind was awakened to new thoughts of the significancy of death 
and life, and thus he was led to realize the ends of his existence, ami to dedi- 
cate himself, in penitence and trust, to a forgiving God. — New York Evangelist. 



FIRST SETTLERS OF RHODE ISLAND. 



BY THE LATE JOHN FARMER, ESQ. 



Roger Williams, 
John Thoekmorton, 
William Arnold, 
William Harris, 
Stukeley Westcot, 
Thomas Olney, Sen. 
Thomas Olney, Jun. 
John Greene, 
Richard Waterman, 
Thomas James, 
Robert Cole, 
William Carpenter, 
Francis Weston, 
Ezekiel Holleman, 
Robert Williams, 
John Smith, 
Hugh Bewitt, 
William Wickendeu, 
John Field, 
Thomas Hopkins, 
William Hawkins, 
William Hutchinson, 
Edward Hutchinson, Jun. 
John Coggeshalh 
William Aspbiwall, 
Samuel Wildbore, 
John Porter, 
John Sandford, 
Edward Hutchinson, 
Thomas Savage, 
William Dyre, 
William Freeborn, 



I Philip Sherman, 

John Walker. 
! Richard Carder, 
j William Baulston, 

Henry Pull, 

William Coddington. 

John Clark, 

Edward Cope, 
| Chad. Brown, 

Daniel Brown, 
I Henry Brown, 
j John Brown, 
| Samuel Bennett, 
! Hugh Bewett, 
I Adam Goodwin, 
i Henry Fowler, 
! Arthur Fenner, 
1 Henry Rcddock, 

Thomas Sucklin, 

Christopher Smith, 

Richard Pray, 

Nicholas Power, 

Stephen Northun, 

Edward Hart, 

Benjamin Ilerenden, 

Edward Inuun, 

John Jones, 

James Matthevvson, 

Henry Neale, 
! William .Man, 

| Jin ekes, 

I Roger Maw iv, 



Edward Manton, 
Shadracb Manton, 
George Shepard, 
Edward Smith, 
Benjamin Smith, 
John Smith, (the Mason.) 
John Smith, (Sen.) 
John Smith, (Jun.) 
John Smith, (Jamaica.) 
Epenetus Olney, 
Lawrence "Wilkinson, 
Daniel Williams, 
Christopher Onthank, 
Joshua Venn, 
John Saylcs, 
Richard Scott, 
Joan Tyler, 
Joshua Winsor, 
Valentine Whitman, 
George Way, 
William White, 
Thomas Walling, 
John Warren, 
John Whipple, 
Matthew Waller, 
Robert Williams, 
Joseph Williams, 
William Wickenden, 
Robert R. W r est, 
Pardon Tillighast. 



292 



Marriages and Deaths. 



[July, 



MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 



[Our authorities for most of our records of Marriages and Deaths arc the newspapers. 
These may in>i always be correct | 



M A RR I AC E S. 

Baths, John S.. Esq.. of Canandaigua, N. 
V.. to Annie M, daughter of Gen. Tim- 
othy Uphatn of Boston, late oJ' Ports- 
mouth, N. H, May I 'J. 

Bkselow. 11. J, M. 1)., to Susan, daugh- 
ter ot* William Sturgis, Boston. May 8. 

Bit own, Ahner II ,\ in well, M. 1)., of 
Lowell, Prof, of Chemistry in Wil- 
loughby Medical College, 0, to Susan 
Augusta, daughter of Rev. Dr. Shurt- 
lell', late Prof, in Dartmouth College, 
April 13. 

Bi'rlin<;ame, A nson, Attorney; of Bos- 
ton, to Jam Cornelia, daughter oi 
Hon. Isaac Livermore of Cambridge, 
June 3. 

Co i i- in, Rev. Ezekiel W., Minister of the 
Universalist Society in Attleboro', to 
Miss Mary Eli /.a Webber of Boston, 
May 30. 

Foster. Fordyce, M. D. to Miss Aim- 
lin e J a n i: Tow icit, Cohassfet, March 2 I. 

Gu.man, Wopouiniv, Mi 1), 10 Miss C.'l 
W, Hayes, only daughter of Lewis 
Hayes, Esq., lyittery, Me. 

Ha kuinc;, Spencer S , of Boston, to Lou- | 
ISA T., daughter of Piof. Joseph Dana of 
Athens, O , April 6. 

Johnson, Rev. John, appointed mission- 
ary to China, to Arethusa Anna, 
daughter of Abel Stevens, Esq., of East- 
port, Me., May 30. . 

Lemon. John J., of Boston, to Miss Emma 
L. Badger of Philadelphia, daughter of 
the late George Dier Badger of Wind- 
ham, Ct.. March 20. 

Russell, Bradford, Attorney, Groton, 
to Miss Maria Pkociy of Sterling, 
March 23. 

Se.euer, Edwin, M. D., of Springfield, 
to Em /a he in A., daughter of Hon. 
John II. White of Lancaster, N. 11. , May 
31. 

Siiattuck, Joel, Es t >., of Pepperell, to 
Mrs. Nancy Parker of Boston, April 
1 1. 

SteaRNS, Rev. Oakham S., of South- 
bridge, to Anna Judson, daughter of 
Rev. B. C. Grafton of Medford, June S. 

Terrill. Charles Frederick, to Han- 
nah Williams, daughter of W. War- 
laud Clapp of Boston, Editor of the 
Evening Gazette, May 28. 



DEATHS. 

Ai>.\,ms, Mrs. Meiiitablk T., May 9, a 
79. widow of the late Deu. Nehemiah Ad- 



ams of Salem, and mother of Rev. N. 
Adams of Boston. 

Aiken, Daniel, Wexford, Canada We&t, 
a. 120. lie hail contracted seven mar- 
riages, and his grandchildren and great- 
grandchildren were 570 — .'J70 males and 
200 females. — New Yuri: Observer. 

Blake, Rev. Caleb, Westford, May 11, 
a. S5. He gr. H. C. 1784, and was set- 
tled in Westford forty-five years. 

Bui m.\i er, Hon. Martin, Boston, April 25, 
for some years Mayor. II. C IS14. 

Bi knuam, Benjamin, Essex, April 14, a. 
92, a soldier of the Revolution. Twelve 
persons have died in Essex since Jan. 
12, whose united ages amount to 970 
years. 

Carpenter, Rev. Chester W., Sinclair- 
ville, N. V., April 17, a. 35. He died at 
Beaver, Pa., while returning home from 
Mobile. He gr. A. C, 1839. 

Carpenter, Mrs. Hannah, Chichester, 
N. 11., April 21, a. 80, wife of Rev. Jo- 
siah Carpenter. 

Con on. Jon. n, M. D., Marietta, O, April 
2, a. SO. Dr. Cotton was a lineal de- 
scendant of Rev. John Cotton of the 
first church, Boston, and was a man of 
literary and scientific attainments and 
deep piety. 

Daucett, Hon. Timothy, Edgarton, 
April 2G, a. 79. 

Day, Oriun, Esq., Catskill, N. Y., Dec. 
25, a. so. He was one of those philan- 
thropic men who formed the American 
Bible Society, was a corporate member 
of the A. B. C. F. M., and a patron of 
all good institutions. 

Den i;a n, Elijah, Esq., Keene, N. 1L, 
May IS. a. SS. D. C. 1783. Attorney. 

Ellsworth, Mrs. Nancv G., Lafayette, 
la., Jan. 15, a. 54. She was the wife of 
Hon. Henry L. Ellsworth, late Com- 
missioner of Patents, and dau. of Hon. 
Elizur Goodrich of New Haven, Ct. 

Fisr, Dea. Ebenezer, Shelburne, Dec. 
21, a. 02. He was a brother of the Rev. 
Pliny Eisk, Missionary to Palestine. 

Fitch, Oka. Elijah, Hopkinton, April 
27, a. OS. He was a son of Rev. Elijah 
Fitch, second pastor of the church in 
that town. 

Fuller, Abraham W., Esq.. Boston, 
April G, a. G3. Counsellor at Law. 

Gould, Mrs. Sally McCurdy, May 19, 
widow of the late Hon. James Gould of 
Litchfield, Ct. 

Git ay, Rev. Thomas, D. D., Pastor of the 
Congregational Church, Roxbury, (Ja- 
maica Plains,) June l,a. 73. II. C. 1790. 

Harvev, Rev. Benjamin, Frankfort N. 



1817. 



Notices of New Publications. 



293 



Y., March IS, a. 112. Ho was of the 
Baptist denomination, and had been a 
preacher more than seventy years. 

Hodgdon, Ai.i'.kkt E., ljamstead, N. II., 
May 20, a. 25. I). C. 1842. Attorney. 

Holm an, Gkn. Sii.as, Bolton, March 25, 
a. 60. He was connected with the Slate 
Legislature between 20 and 30 years, 
ami was one of the Governor's Council 
during the administrations ot' Strong and 
Brooks. 

Kellogg, Mks. Sisa.n C, Williamslown, 
April 8, a. 48, widow of the late Prof. 
Kellogg. 

Meigs, Mks. Elisabeth, New Britain, 
Ct., March 5, a. 02, widow of the late 
Major John Meigs of the U. S. Army in 
the Revolution. 

Moork, Rev. George, Quincy, 111., March 
11. a. 35, H. C. 1S31, minister of the 
Unitarian Society in that place. 

Nevers, Gkn. John, Northfield, March 
30, a. 7 1. 

Parker, Mks. Martha L,, Lancaster, 
April 30, a. 23, wife of Dr. J. 0. Parker 
of Shirley, and daughter of Dr. C. Carter 
of Lancaster. 

Patten, Jea,n, Bedford, N. II., Feb. 10, a. 
78, daughter of Hon. Matthew Patten. 

Peabgdy, Rev. William B. O., D. D., 
Springfield, May 28, a. 47. II. C. 1816. 

Revere, John, M. D., New York, April 
29, a. CO. He gr. 11. C. 1S07, and was a 
Prof, in the Medical Department of N. 
Y. University. 

Robinson, Rev. Ciiaules, Lenox, March 
3, a. 45. He was a missionary at Siam, 
and died on board the barque Draco, on 
his return home. 

Safforb, Charles G., M. D., Rutland, 
April 27, a. 42. He was a native ol' Ex- 
eter, N. II., gr. D. C. 1825, and Andover 
Theo. Sem'y, and was a minister in Gil- 
manton, N. H. Having lost his health, 
he gave up the ministry, studied medi- 
cine, and practised till his death. 



Sanborn, Mrs. Martha, Reading, May 
2, a. .Vj, wile of Rev. Peter Sanborn. 

Savage, Mrs. Lucy W., May 16, a. 57, 
wife of Rev. James Savage 61 Bedford, 
N. H. 

SnuRTLEFF, Benjamin, M. D., Boston, 
April 12, a. 72, B. U. 1706, M. D. 11. U. 
He was an honoiary member of the New 
England Historical and Genealogical 
Society, and a brief memoir of him may 
be expected in our next number. 

Smith, Rev. Em, Hollis, N. II., May 11, 
a. S7, B. T. 1722. Minister in Hollis. 

Stewart, Enos, Esq., Davenport, Iowa, 
formerly of Boston, a. 48. He was a 
native of Coleraine, II. C. 1820. 

Strong, Rev. Caleb, Montreal, Canada, 
Jan. 1, pastor of the American Presby- 
terian Church. He was a son ol' Hon. 
Lewis Strong, and grandson of Gov. 
Strong ot Northampton. Y. C. lhli.j. 

Thayer, Dea. Shaurach, South Brain- 
tree, May -1, a. 71. 

Thomas, Rev. Daniel, Abington, a. 07. 

Tuck, Mks. Sarah A., Exeter, N. II., 
Feb. 20, a. 30, wife of Amos Tuck. Esq., 
an attorney, and daughter of David 
Nudd, Esq., of Hampton, N. II. 

Ui'iuM, AlbeR'I G., M. D., Boston, June 
If', a. 29, B. C. 1840. He was a member 
of the N. E. Historical and Genealogical 
Society. A brief memoir of him may 
be expected in our next number. 

Wiggles Worth, Samuel, M. I)., Boston, 
April 7, a. 35. H. C. 1831. 

Worcester, Dr. Noah. Cincinnati, 0., 
April -1, a. 36. II. C. 1832, M. D. at D. 
C. 1838, Prof, in Medical College, Cin- 
cinnati, 0. 

Wright, Mrs. Eleanor, Dec. 20,1846, 
a. S5. She was the widow of the late 
Silas Wright of Weybridge, Yt., and 
mother of Gov. Wright of New York. 
Mr. Wright died in May, 18-13, a. 81. 
This couple lived together as husband 
and wife 61 years. 



NOTICES OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 

The American Loyalists, or Biographical Sketches of Adherents to the British 
Croicii in the War of the Revolution; alphabetically arranged; with a preliminary 
Historical Essay. Btj James S<d>utc. Boston : Charles C. Little and James 
Brown. MDCCCXLVTI. 



Mr. Sabine, it is believed, is a merchant at Eastport, Me., but still has been in the 
habit of composing for the press. Ho has written articles for the North American 
Review, ami is the author of the Memoir of Commodore Preble in Prof. Sparks's 
American Biography. 

The subject of his present work is both novel and interesting, and one upon which 
we are too ignorant. The most intelligent and best informed among us have but little 
knowledge of the names and characters of the Loyalists, or Tories of the Revolution, 
(probably twenty thousand in number,) and of the reasons which influenced, of the 
hopes and fears winch agitated, and of the rewards. or miseries which awaited them. 
Separated from their homes and kindred, outlaw.-., wanderers, and exiles, they have 



294 Notices of New Publications. [July, 

left but few memorials to their posterity. The difficult task of collecting ami arrang- 
ing fragmentary events and incidents relating to them, scattered here and there, we 
think the author has succeeded admirably in accomplishing. We find among the 
sketches, notices of many distinguished and influential men, and while some were no- 
torious for their want of principle, there were many who, we cannot doubt, were true 
and honest in espousing the cause of the mother country. Then, though we cannot 
justify any, let us not censure all. " The winners in the Revolutionary strife are now 
twenty millions; and, strong, rich, and prosperous, can ajl'onl to speak of the losers in 
teims of moderation." 

The Historical Essay, containing one hundred and fourteen pages, which precedes 
the " Biographical Sketches,' 1 indicates much acquaintance with the Revolution and its 
causes, and is very valuable and highly appropriate. 

The work makes a handsome volume of 733 pages, and is well worthy of being 
perused, and of a place in the library of the historian. 

A Genealogical and Biographical Sketch of the Name and Family of Stetson; 
front the year 1634 to the year 1847. • liij John Stetson Barry. "Virtus nobditat 

omnia.' 1 'Boston : Printed' for the author by William A. Hall & Co. 1817. 

The name of Stetson is spelt differently in old records; as Stitson, Sturtson, Studson. 
Stedson, Stutson, and Stetson. The last is the usual method of spelling the name, 
though some families spell it Stutson. The first of the name and the ancestor of all 
in this country was Robert Stetson, commonly called Coiyiet Robert, because he was 
Cornet of the first horse company raised in Plymouth colony. Ms., in the year 1058 or 
'9. He settled in Seituate. .Ms., in the year IGI'4, but it is not known satisfactorily 
whence he Originated, though tradition says he came from the county of Kent, England. 

Among his descendants are many who have held offices of trust and responsibility, 
and who have stood high in public esteem. 

The pamphlet contains 110 pages, and gives a pretty full account of the Stetson fam- 
ily. We hope it will be an additional incentive to others to prepare memorials of their 
ancestors. 

An Oration deliuered before the New England Society in the city of New York, 
December 22. 18-1.6. By Charles W. Upham. New York: Published by John S. 
Taylor, Brick Church Chapel, 151 Nassau Street. 1817. 

This is an excellent address, written in a clear, graceful, and forcible manner. After 
describing the inlluences, both in the Old World and in the New, which were at work, 
and the combination of which resulted in the advent of our fathers to these desert 
shores, the orator remarks upon the Puritans, and the chief elements of their character 
and the result of their labors. The blessings of a free government and religious liberty 
are largely descanted upon, and the address closes as follows: "If the sons of New 
England rear the school-house and the church wherever they select their homes; if 
they preserve the reliance upon their own individual energies, the love of knowledge, 
the trust in Providence, the spirit of patriotic faith and hope, which made its most bar- 
ren regions blossom and become fruitful around their fathers, then will the glorious 
vision of those fathers be realized, and the Continent rejoice, in all its latitudes and 
from sea to sea, in the blessings of freedom and education, of peace and prosperity, of 
virtue and religion." 

A Sermon preached at Northwood, N. II., March 12, 1847, on the death of Dea. 
Simon Batchelder. By Elliot C. Cogswell, Pastor of the Congregutwntd Church. 
Published by request. Concord : Printed by Morrill, Silsby, & Co. 1847. 

The text on which this discourse is founded is contained in Acts viii : 2. "And 
devout men carried Stephen to his burial, and made great lamentation over him." It 
is divided into six heads. When the good man dies the people of Cod lose, 1. His soci- 
ety. 2. His sympathy. 3. His counsels. 4. His prayers. 5. His cooperation. 0. His 
admonitions. The subject is well treated, and the language affectionate and appropriate. 
Pea. Batchelder was born, March 5, 17">tS. He was the son of Davis Batchelder of 
Northampton, who moved to Northwood about 1770; who married, 1. Mary Taylor of 
Hampton,by whom he had four children; 2. Ruth Palmer; and !!. a Widow Marston; 
by whom, (the last two wives,) he had fourteen children, four of whom survive. Dea. 
Batchelder at the age of eighteen enlisted in the war of the Revolution, in 1770, and 
served in Capt. Adams's company and Col. Poor's regiment at Winter Hill in Charles- 



1847.] Notices of New Publications. 295 

town, Newport, R. I., and Ticonderoga, N. Y. April 4, L778, he married Rachel John- 
son, daughter of Benjamin Johnson, with whom lie liVed about lifty-two years, she 
dying Jan. 5, 1S30, aged I'd. By her he had seven children, five of w horn still survive, 
lie died March 10, 1847, aged S«J years and 5 days, 

A Discourse delivered before the Rhode Island Historical Society, on the evening 
of Wednesday, January 13, 1847. By Hun. Jul Dvrfee, Chief-Justice of Rhode 
Island. Published at the' request of the Society, Providence: Charles Burnett, 

Jr. 1847. ' 

The subject of this discourse is li Rhode Island's Idea of Government." Judge Durfee 

speaks of the "origin of this idea — of the various forms which it took in its progress 
towards its realization in that state, in minds of much diversity of character and creed ; 
and of that ' live!) experiment.' which it subsequently hold forth, thai 'a most flourish- 
ing civil state may stand, ami be best maintained, with a full liberty in religious 
concernments' — a liberty which implied an emancipation of reason from the thraldom 
of arbitrary authority, and the full freedom of inquiry in all matters of speculative 
faith." 

Though to the founders of Rhode Island, and particularly to Roger Williams, belong 
the lame and glory of having realized this idea in the form of a civil government, they 
were by no means the first to maintain it. Long before the Reformation it originated 
among the W-a Menses in the valleys ot Piedmont, and by means' of the crusade against 
them by Innocent III., it was spread far and wide. The Reformation and the coming 
of the Puritans to America tended to confirm it, but never was it fully realized till 
Roger Williams and his followers came to " the forest-shaded banks of the JMooshausic," 
and established a government on the principle that "the Slate has no right to interfere 
between conscience and God." 

After dwelling largely on the early history and influence of Rhode Island, the author 
passes to the time of the Revolution. We find that this little state, though royally 
amied in her Charter, stood among the foremost in the great struggle for independence. 
She was the first to direct her officers to disregard the Stamp Act, and to assure them 
indemnity for so doing: the first to recommend the permanent establishment ol a Con- 
tinental Congress; the first to adopt the Articles of Confederation; the fust to brave 
royalty in arms ; the tirst to enact and declare independence; the first to establish a 
naval armament of her own ; and the first to recommend to Congress the establishment 
of a Continental Navy. The oration closes with an eloquent appeal to preserve the 
history and early records of the State. Appended is a Poem by Sarah Helen Whitman, 
recited before the Rhode Island Historical Society, previous to the delivery of the address. 

A Sketch of the History of Newbury. Ncwburyport, and West Newbury, from 
1G35 to 1845. By Joshua Coffin, A. B. S. II. S. 

u For out of the old fieldcs. as men saithe } 
Cometh the new come from yere to yere) 
And out of old booJccs in good J'aithe 
Cometh tltis new science that men lerc." 

Chaucer. 

u Lives there a man with soul so dead. 
IV ho never to himself hath said. 
This is my own my native land f " 

Scott. 

P.oston: Published by Samuel G. Drake. No. 56 Cornhill. Printed by George 
Cooiidge. 1845. 

'Phis is an exceedingly valuable and highly interesting work, and appears to have 
been written with great labor, ami eon anion. The author seems, as he says, "to have 
made a broad distinction between fact and tradition, ami to have related nothing as fact, 
which he did not believe to be true.'' The representation ot the character of the 
inhabitants of Newbury and their transactions, we think is accurately given, and seems 
to have been given "sine ira, sine studio." Copious extracts are made from the town 
records, and many from the church records, which latter exhibit more fully the pecu- 
liar trails of our ancestors. 



29G Notices of New Publications. [July. 

The town of Newbury was originally one of (he largest towns in the county, being 
about thirteen miles long, and about six miles broad in the widest place, and contain- 
ing about thirty thousand acres, of winch nearly two thousand were covered with 
water. In 1704 it was divided into two towns, Newbury and Newburyport, and in 1819 
West Newbury was set off* and incorporated as a separate town. 

This volume is embellished with portraits of Dr. John Clarke, the physician in 
Newbury from 1037 to 1051, who died in Uoston in 100-1, aged GO, Chief-Justice S«wail, 
Rev. Mr. Whitelield, and Rev. Dr. Parish, and also with a map ol the town and engrav- 
ings of the old-town meeting-house winch stood one hundred and six yeais, from 1700 
to 1800, and of a house winch -'was infested with demons' 1 in 107U, and where, "before 
the devil was chained up, the invisible hand did begin to put forth an astonishing visi- 
bility!" The Appendix, containing among other things a List ol Grantees, aud Geneal- 
ogies of the First Settlers from 1030 to 1700, is a very important part oi the w ork. The 
conclusion, comprising about fifty pages, is also valuable. 

BrooUine Jubilee. A Discourse delivered in Ih'oohline, at the request of its 
Inhabitants, on 15 March, 18-17, the day which completed half a Century from 
his Ordination, In/ John Pierce, D. D., fifth minister of tin first Congregational 
Church and Society in said town. Boston : James Muuroe and Company. 
MDCCCXLVII. 

The text on which this discourse is founded is in Psalm xxxvii : 25. " I have been 
young and now am old." 

It is indeed pleasant in these " moving times," when ministers are not settled during 
even good behavior, but only so long as they please the fastidious taste of their people, 
to behold a pastor who has remained with his Hock a long series of years, who stands 
among them, a relic of a former generation, to guide them by his counsels and guard 
them with his Watchful care. It is alike honorable to the pastor and his people to 
meet in one common jubilee, to thank the bounteous Giver of all things tor his mercies, 
and strengthen the ties which have so long bound them together. In the present case, 
however, nut a church merely, but a whole town have united to honor one \s ho may 
be regarded as their father, and whose name is identified with the town. 

The sermon contains, as might be expected from Dr. Pierce, an immense amount of 
historical facts, some of them of a general, but most of them of a local character. The 
town of Brookline was incorporated Nov. 13, 17U-3, O. S., and the first Congrega- 
tional church was gathered Oct. 20, 1717, O. S., of which Dr. Pierce is the filth 
pastor. Since his settlement nearly all who were then around him have departed 
this life, while he, now enjoying a "green old age," stands almost alone. The dis- 
course is very valuable, for the history it contains, and is written in a candid and an 
affectionate maimer. Appended is an exceedingly interesting account of the proceed- 
ings of the day, which was published in the Christian Register, and other papers in 
Boston. We regret that we have not room to insert extracts from it. Dr. Pierce will 
go down to the grave beloved and respected by all ministers and people Who knew 
him, whether of his own or other denominations. 

A Discourse on the Cambridge Church- Gathering in 103G ; delivered in the First 
Church, on Sunday, February 22, 1846. J>y William Newell, Pastor of the First 
Church in Cambridge. Boston: James Munroe and Company. 1846. 

The text is from Psalm xliv: 1 — 3. "We have heard with our ears, O God, our 
fathers have told us, what work thou didst in their days in the times of old. How 

thou didst drive out the heathen with thy hand, and plantedest them For 

they got not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm 
save them; but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, 
because lliou hadst a favor unto them." 

This discourse contains an account of the formation of the church in Cambridge, 
and of some of the events preceding it, and brief notices of the principal actors. It 
contains also many other valuable tacts. There is an appendix containing nineteen 
pages of great value, embracing among other things a list ol the members ol the church, 
"taken and registered in the 11 month, 1 058," and brief genealogical notices of one 
hundred and seventeen individuals. In giving this sermon to the public, Mr. Newell 
has rendered an important service. 




1H T " UOVK'KNOH OK MASSA 



SKACHUSKTTS 



u« a tor ilia Ni.yr *%< II, a' ft CJui.ooJojH li. H , 



NEW ENGLAND 
HISTORICAL, AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER. 

VOL. I. OCTOBER, 1817. NO. 4, 



MEMOIR OF GOVERNOR HUTCHINSON. 

This Article we introduce by giving a brief early account of the 
Hutchinson Family. Doing this will be in perfect accordance with 
the character and design of the Register, and will preserve from 
oblivion many important genealogical and other facts. 

The name of Hutchinson is familiar to all who are versed in the 
early history of Massachusetts, not only from the services which 
the Historian of that name has rendered it, but also from the fact 
that different members of that family were prominent in the civil 
and military service, during our whole political connection with the 
parent country, a period of about a century and a half. 

This family belonged to that numerous class of early settlers of 
Massachusetts Bay, possessed of property, education, and intelli- 
gence, who (led from the despotism of a tyrannical hierarchy in Eng- 
land, to enjoy the blessings of religious liberty in this wilderness. 

In England they lived at Alford, a market town of Lincolnshire, 
and were there intimately acquainted with Mr. Coddington, and 
also with Mr. Cotton, the minister of Boston in their vicinity, and 
also Boston in New England, with whose religious opinions and 
persecutions they sympathized. 

The family which emigrated to Massachusetts consisted of an 
aged widow, four sons already in middle life, and a married daugh- 
ter, the wife of the Rev. John Wheelwright. Two of the sons, 
namely, William, the eldest, husband of the famous Ann, and 
Richard, had already adult families ; Edward, who left no issue, 
so far as is known ; and Samuel, who was unmarried. Edward, 
with his nephew of the same name, son of William, is believed 
19 



298 Memoir of [Oct. 

to have accompanied Mr. Cotton, who arrived at Boston, in the 
Griffin, in September, 1633, and the remainder of the family to 
have followed in the next voyage of the same ship, the year after. 
They immediately purchased lands at Boston, and also considerable 
tracts of territory of the Indians in different places, particularly at 
Mount Wollaston and Uncataquissit, (Quincy and Milton,) and 
were much engaged in the civilization and conversion of the Indians, 
a fact which probably accounts for the frequent employment of dif- 
ferent members of this family in Indian affairs. The early career 
of this family in Massachusetts was greatly influenced by the well- 
known Antinomian controversy, and the extraordinary zeal and 
public ministrations in the cause, of Mrs. Ann Hutchinson,^ the wife 
of William Hutchinson. "William, the eldest son, was possessed of 
a larger share of property than the others, was admitted a freeman 
soon after his arrival, was chosen a delegate of Boston to the General 
Court, in 1635, and in the same year served on the committee of 
allotment of lands in Boston and vicinity. He also contributed to 
the establishment of the Grammar School. He with his two broth- 
ers, Richard and Edward, signed the remonstrance against '.he sen- 
tence of banishment of their brother-in-law, Rev. John Wheel- 
wright.f i In consequence of this act of the government, they all 
with many of the most prominent inhabitants of the Colony were 
ordered to surrender their arms to the public authorities, which in- 
dignity, added to the sentence against Mrs. Ann Hutchinson, gave 
rise to the emigration of the family to Rhode Island. They were 
accompanied by some of the most valuable inhabitants of Boston, 
and this movement caused the formation of a new body politic, 
which settled Rhode Island in 1638. William Hutchinson was 
chosen one of the first magistrates of Rhode Island, and continued 
to reside there until his death, in 1642. He left two sons, Edward 
and Francis, and four daughters, Mrs. Savage, Mrs. Collins, Mrs. 
Willis, and Mrs. Cole. . His widow and many of his descendants, 
after his death, removed to the vicinity of the Hudson river, where 
nearly all of them were killed by Indians, in 1643. 

Richard Hutchinson, who was disarmed on the occasion above 
alluded to, did not accompany his brothers to Rhode Island, but 
with his family embarked for England, leaving a considerable 
landed estate in Massachusetts not disposed of. He subsequently 
became a very wealthy merchant in London, and is represented to 

* Maiden name Marbury. 

1 Seo an account of Mr. Wheelwright in No. 2, p. 151. of the Register. 



1847.] Governor Hutchinson. 299 

have lost £60,000 in the great fire of London, in 1666. He was 
agent for the Massachusetts Colony in England for a long time. 
He left eight sons, the youngest of whom, Eliakim, returned 1o 
Boston, took possession of the family property, and died 171S, at the 
age of 77, having been many years a member of the Council. He 
left a handsome estate, and was a benefactor of Harvard College. 
A grandson of Richard Hutchinson settled in Ireland, and was the 
founder of the family of the present Earl of Donoughmore. 

Samuel Hutchinson, the brother of William, lived in Boston, 
unmarried, until his death, 1667, and was accounted a scholar in 
his time, and published a work on the Millennium. Edward Hutch- 
inson, brother of the preceding, accompanied the family of William 
to Newport, but soon returned to England, and is not known to 
have been again in America. His subsequent history is not 
known. His wife Sarah was admitted to the first church, Boston, 
1633 ; and two sons, John and Ichabod, baptized. 

Mrs. Wheelwright participated in the banishment of her hus- 
band, the Rev. John Wheelwright, went to Exeter, and afterwards 
to Wells in Maine, where her mother, Mrs. Susanna Hutchinson, the 
common ancestor of all the family, died about 1642. Col. Elisha 
Hutchinson, the great-grandson, visited Wells in the latter part of 
the seventeenth century, and erected a monument to the memory of 
his ancestor, which is still visible. Mrs. Wheelwright's descend- 
ants are very numerous throughout New England. 

After the emigration to Rhode Island, and the return of a part of 
the family to England, they would have become extinct in Massa- 
chusetts, but for the fact that Edward, the eldest son of William, 
who accompanied his parents to Rhode Island, subsequently re- 
turned to Boston, and became the ancestor of many descendants. 
Eliakim, son of Richard^ also left children. 

Edward, (subsequently known as Capt. Hutchinson,) the son of 
'William and Ann, was born in England about 1608, and was 
about twenty-five years of age when he arrived in Boston. He 
immediately interested himself in the affairs of the Colony, became 
a freeman in 1634, assisted in organizing a military system, and 
employed himself in examining and selecting such lands as might 
be valuable for settlement. Although he was much affected by the 
violent treatment his family had been subjected to, foe remained 
only a short time with them in Rhode Island, but proceeded to 
England, and there, about 1640, married Miss Catherine Hamby. 
daughter of a respectable 'counsellor at Ipswich, and immediately 



























I 





















300 Memoir of [Oct- 

returned to Massachusetts, and took possession of the landed prop- 
erty acquired there by his family. lie was joyfully received by 
the Massachusetts authorities, and immediately employed in connec- 
tion with John Leverett on an important mission to the Narragan- 
set Indians. He was soon elected a Representative of the town of 
Boston in the General Court, and on several occasions resisted 
publicly the spirit of intolerance so frequently manifested by the 
Colonial authorities of that period. In 1658, when the law regard- 
ing the Quakers was passed, Capt. Hutchinson and Major Thomas 
Clark, who were both Representatives of Boston, recorded their 
dissent to this law, and Hutchinson actually took charge of sev- 
eral Quakers who had subjected themselves to the penalty of 
the law, and removed them from this jurisdiction at his own ex- 
pense. Again in 1065, he headed a petition in favor of the Bap- 
tists, who were the subjects of persecution, and obtained a cessation 
of hostilities towards them. He had on several occasions rendered 
service to the Colony in negotiating with the Indians, and on the 
breaking out of King Philip's War, in 1075, he was appointed to 
the command of a large corps of cavalry, sent to meet Philip 
near Brookfield, and was there shot in August, 1675, and died on 
his way home, at Marlboro', where he was buried. Capt. Hutch- 
inson was twice married, and had children ; namely, Elisabeth, 
(Mrs. Edward Winslow,) Elisha, Anne, (Mrs. Dyer of Newport,) 
Susanna, (Mrs. Coddington,) Catharine, (Mrs. Bartholomew,) Han- 
nah, (Mrs. Walker,) and Edward, who died without issue. The 
last three were by a second wife, Mrs. Abigail Button. 

Elisha Hutchinson, son of the preceding, was born in Boston, 
1641, educated at the Grammar School, and then as a merchant. 
About 1665, he married Hannah Hawkins, and had children ; name- 
ly, Thomas, Elisabeth, (Mrs. Richardson,) Hannah, (Mrs. Ruck,) 
Abigail, (Mrs. Crufl,) and, by a second wife, Elisabeth, the widow 
Freake, and daughter of Major Thomas Clark, children, Edward and 
others. He was Colonel of the Suffolk regiment. No man enjoyed the 
.public respect more than he did. He was early chosen to represent 
>the town, and was elected Assistant under the first charter, in 1684. 
He was denounced by Randolph to the Lords in Council, as one 
*of the factious members, who resisted the prerogative party, previous 
to the dissolution of the charter. After that event, in 1688, being 
in London with Increase Mather and Samuel Nowell, he remon- 
strated with the ministry against the despotic acts of Andros. He 
returned home, and, after William HI., of Nassau, Prince of 






1847.] Governor Hutchinson. 301 

Orange, was crowned king, in 1689, again acted as Assistant. 
While the French War was proceeding in Canada, in 1690, Col. 
Hutchinson was sent to negotiate with the Maine Indians, to induce 
them to secede, but it was without effect. Before the arrival of the 
charter in 109:2, he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the forces 
against the French and Indians then in arms in the Province of 
Maine. lie was one of the first Council under the new eharter, 
and continued to be annually elected for twenty-live years, and, 
during the whole period, acted as Chief-Justice of the Common 
Pleas Court. He was commander o( the Castle, also, in 1702, 
when Gov. Dudley arrived; and, in consequence of his activity in 
the Andros revolution, was removed from that place by the new 
Executive. Col. Hutchinson died in 1717, much respected, having 
lived to see all his children respectably settled about him. 

Thomas Hutchinson, the eldest son of Col. Elisha, was born in 
Boston, Jan. 30, 1674-0, and was bred to mercantile pursuits. 
In 1703, he married Sarah, the eldest daughter of Col. John Foster, 
one of the wealthiest merchants, and most influential men, of his 
time. He was early a member of the Provincial Legislature, and 
thirty years a member of the Council. He was distinguished for 
independence of character in times of great parly excitement, was 
much esteemed for his integrity, and for his liberal benevolence on 
all occasions when the public exigencies required his aid. Snow 
says, that he in 1713 built the Grammar School in Bennet Street, 
entirely at his own charge, and he was also a liberal contributor to 
Harvard College. He died in 1739, much lamented. His eldest 
son, Foster Hutchinson, who graduated at Harvard College in 1721, 
died early. He left two sons, Thomas, Governor of the Stale, and 
Foster, (the second son of the same name). His daughters were 
married to Rev. William Welsteed, Rev. Samuel Mather, Rev. Mr. 
Rogers, and Mr. Davenport. 

Edward Hutchinson, the second son of Col. Elisha, was born 
1678, bred a merchant, and was married in 1706 to Lydia, the 
second daughter of Col. Foster. He was much in the public busi- 
ness, serving as a Selectman o( the town, Representative to the Gen- 
eral Court, Colonel of the regiment, Judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas, Judge of Probate for the County of Suffolk, and thirty years 
Treasurer of Harvard College. He sustained himself with good 
reputation in all these situations, and died, at an advanced age,, 
highly esteemed, in 1752. He left three children ; namely, Edward,, 
who graduated at Harvard, 17 IS, lived a great invalid many years, 



302 Memoir of [Oct. 

and died unmarried ; Sarah, who lived to old age, unmarried ; and 
Elisabeth, who married in 17-57 the Rev. Nathaniel Robbins of 
Milton, who was the father of the late Hon. Edward Ilutehinson 
Robbins, who graduated at Harvard College in 1775, was Speaker 
of the House of Representatives, Judge of Probate for the County 
of Norfolk, and also Lieut.-Governor. He was also much cm- 
ployed in other ways by the State in public business, as on impor- 
tant committees and boards of commissioners. 

Judge Robbins married Elisabeth Murray, daughter of Hon* 
James Murray, merchant, of Boston. Their children, who are still 
living, are Eliza, Sarah Lydia, who married Judge Samuel Howe 
of Northampton, Anne Jean, who married Judge Joseph Lyman of 
Northampton also, Edward Ilutehinson, M. D., of Boston, graduate 
of Harvard College, Mary, who married Joseph Warren Revere, 
merchant, of Boston, Hon. James Murray of Milton, and Catharine. 

Lieut.-Governor Robbins was a man of undoubted native talents, 
good acquired abilities, fair moral character, and a faithful public 
functionary.^ 

* Ertract of a Letter from Gov. llittclunson to the Jinx. J. 77. Hutchinson, at Pahncrstoyi, 
near Dublin, dated Feb. 11, 1772, giving some genealogical account of the family. 

" Give me leave, sir, now to thank you fur so particular an account of Mrs. Hutchinson's 
family. I am unfortunate in one discovery. I am one remove farther from her than I ex- 
pected. We had, however, a common ancestor in America. William was the name of my 
ancestor. He had three brothers, who were all in Boston about the year 1030, viz, Samuel. 
Edward and Richard. The mother of these lour 1 find in a bible of my grandfather, [who] 
died at a town called York, in the Province of Maine, but now part of this Province. Wil- 
liam, as you may see in the first Volume of the History, went to Rhode Island, and was there 
Governor at the beginning of the Colony, and died about 1041. Samuel lived till 1007, and 
died an old bachelor. He was accounted a scholar in those days. 1 kept a little [book] he 
had wrote upon the Millennium, and a curious pair of tobacco tonirs, from a pious regard to 
his memory. The latter I lost when my house was destroyed. Edward I met with traces of 
in London after he had been in New England. Richard returned to England, was agent 
lor the colony before and after the restoration, acquired great wealth in the iron monger way, 
I think in Cheapside, and lost .£00,000 in the fire in London. He had eight sons as you 
observe. Edward 1 suppose to be the eldest, for I have of his hand writing of a very 
early date, and he appears to be about the same standing with another Edward who was the 
eldest son of William and my great grandfather. I trace no certainty of the other sous of 
Richard until Eliakim, the youngest, who was rather younger than a son of the last named 
Edward, whose name was Elisha and was my grandfather This Eliakim died in Roston in 
the year 171S, was one of the counsel many years, and lived to be near &0. 1 remember his 
funeral, being'- then about six years old. He left an ingenious son, who died about three years 
after him, and left several children, vet living, the eldest named Eliakim about my age, and 
was, about 20 years ago, one of the counsel, and is now a judge of one of our county courts. 
He married a daughter of the late Lieut. General Shirley, and you may find the name of his 
• eldest son, William Hutchinson, in the court register lor 1771, as judge of the Admiralty in the 
Bahamas under his uncle, the present Gov. Shirley. These are all the posterity of Richard 
in New England, and they have the honor of being one degree nearer to you than I am. 

" Now let me give you William's posterity. He left many children, sons and daughters. 
The latter married, and have very numerous posterity scattered throughout New England; 
but there is no posterity of any son except the Edward I have mentioned. He married a 
Catherine Hamliy, daughter of a noted counsellor at law in Fpswich,in England, and in the year 
1675, being; the principal officer of the horse in the colony, was killed in a skirmish with the 
Indians. Ilis eldest and only son, who has left posterity, was Elisha, who made a figure for 
many years in the colonv in every part, civil and military, in succession, except that of com- 
mander-in-chief of the Province. He died in 1717 about the age of Richard's son Eliakim, 
and left two sons, the eldest of which, Thomas, was mv lather, who, lor thirty years was of the 
Massachusetts Council, and died in 17.'W at the age of 01, and deserved the integer vitaeas 
much as any man 1 ever knew. So liir the family ha» done worthily. 1 hope, therefore, and 



1847.] Governor Hutchinson. 303 

Thomas Hutchinson, Governor of Massachusetts Bay under 
the second charter, and the more particular subject of this memoir, 
was the son of the Hon. Thomas Hutchinson, and was born at 
Boston, 1711. He was admitted into Harvard College, when only 
12 years of age. His progress in study was a subject of particular 
notice and applause. Tn 1727, he received his bachelor's degree ; 
but, instead of pursuing his studies and entering one of the learned 
professions, as it was expected he would, he engaged in mercantile 
business. In this, however, he did not succeed. He then applied 
himself to the study of the common law of England, and the 
principles of the British constitution, with reference to employment 
in public life. His townsmen, regarding him for his probity, 
honor, and capability, elected him, in 173S, a Selectman. His 
prudence and fidelity were such that, even at this early period of 
his life, he was appointed by the town their agent to transact very 
important business in Great Britain, which he undertook and 
settled to their satisfaction. When he returned from London, he 
was chosen a Representative to General Court, and was annually 
elected for ten years succeeding, three of which, commencing with 
1747, he was Speaker. In the House of Representatives, he 
acquired great reputation, as possessing the charms of oratory 
beyond any man in the Assembly. There was with him equal 
fluency and pathos. He could argue as well as declaim. He was 
active, diligent, plausible, and always seemed to be influenced by 
a patriotic spirit. 

At this period the country was much embarrassed by the public 
debt. This amounted to about .£2,000,000, old tenor. All classes 
of the community suffered beyond description, especially clergymen 
and widows. All complained of the evil, but no one could suggest 
a remedy, until Mr. Hutchinson presented a plan of relief. Through 
his plan and influence £1,792,236, old tenor, were redeemed, the 
rest of the debt not being called for at that time. This paper money 
at that time passed at the rate of ten to one, yet the Provincial 
authorities redeemed the debt at seven and a half to one. It re- 
quired for redeeming the last amount a fraction over :€238,9G4, 

I think I shall demonstrate that the information you had of our relation to the regicide was 
not well founded. It is certain that neither of us descended from him. We have traced Mrs. 
Hutchinson's ancestor hack to Richard, and in me back to William, his brother. John, the 
regicide, could not possibly be their lather, for their mother died in New England, a widow, 
before the year 1I>10. If' he was of the family it is most likely he was the sou of Edward, the 
brother of William and Richard, who I have reason to think had divers children. If he had 
been one of the sons of Richard it would appear from his papers, of which I have been 
informed there are many still remaining, in the hands of his great grandson, the Eliakim 1 
have just now mentioned." 



304 Memoir of [Oct. 

in hard money, at 20 shillings per pound. This sum of money 
was paid by the British government to Massachusetts, to cancel 
their charge for assisting to capture and retain Louisburg.^ 

Mr. Hutchinson first proposed this plan to Gov. Shirley, who 
approved of it. lie then ollercd the same to the members of the 
House, who were unable to comprehend it. From respect to the 
Speaker they appointed a committee to examine it; but their 
report was not satisfactory to him. The plan, however, which 
their most experienced members were disposed to reject; which 
the most politic thought unwise ; and which to commercial men 
seemed impracticable, was at last, by his exertions, adopted, and 
found upon trial to be wise and judicious. The bill passed in 
1749. 

Many are the documents in the Massachusetts Archives, written 
by Mr. Hutchinson, while a member of the Legislature. These 
show that he was not only on the most important committees, but 
was, also, the one generally selected to make their reports. 

At the succeeding election, Mr. Hutchinson was chosen a mem- 
ber of his Majesty's council, and was continued in that office till 
1766. 

When his uncle Edward Hutchinson died, in 1752, he succeeded 
him as Judge of Probate. His conduct in this office endeared him 
to many. He was tender and compassionate, had a generous sym- 
pathy for the children of affliction, and often wiped the tear from 
the eye of the widow and the orphan. This 1rait of character was 
exhibited in the benevolent and active interest he took in the wel- 
fare of the French Neutrals, who were expelled from Nova Scotia, 
in 1756, and sent to the British Provinces ; especially of those who 
came to Massachusetts. 

In 175S he was appointed Lieut.-Governor, and this appointment 
was gratifying to all classes of people ; but in 1760, when he 
received the commission of Chief-Justice, in the place of Judge 
Sewall, who had deceased, great oiience was given to some leading 
individuals in the state, and for a time the measure operated un- 
favorably to him. 

This year Gov. Pownall left the Province, and Lieut.-Gov. 
Hutchinson presided as Chief Magistrate. At one time he held the 
offices of Judge of Probate, Councillor, Chief-Justice, and Lieut.- 
Governor. The salaries of these offices, with the income of his own 
property, enabled him to live in a handsome and gentlemanly 

* Sec Felt's Massachusetts Currency. 



1847.] Governor Hutchinson. 305 

manner. High life has its attractions, and ho seemed greatly to 
desire wealth, that he might give a splendor and charm to his 
station. This may in some measure account for certain peculiarities 
in his conduct, characterized by profusion and parsimony. 

While Mr. Hutchinson officiated as Judge of the Supreme 
Court, he performed his duties so well that soon opposition to him 
ceased. His respect for religious institutions, his sympathy with the 
distressed, his affability, his integrity, industry, and talents procured 
in a very high degree, public confidence. He was so much a 
favorite of the Legislature in the year 1763, that they appointed 
him agent to the court of Great Britain, by a vote almost unani- 
mous. The state of civil alTairs in the country at that period was 
very critical, and seemed to demand special attention. But by the 
advice of Gov. Bernard, he was persuaded to remain at home until 
he should obtain permission to leave the Province, he being at that 
time Lieut. -Governor. He wrote to Lord Halifax respecting this 
subject, who gave him permission to visit England. But when 
this communication was received, the tide of his influence was 
ebbing, the popular gale had changed, and the General Court re- 
scinded their vote, and concluded not to send an Agent. At this, he 
was greatly disappointed ; but his friends could not relieve him, 
and his enemies rejoiced at his discomfiture. They had exerted 
themselves, tolls viribus, to persuade the General Court that he 
was a man of arbitrary views, and would seek his own aggrandize- 
ment rather than the interests of the State. 

As he sympathized with the mother country in her attempts to 
raise a revenue from the colonies, he of course became extremely 
obnoxious to the people. The first measure adopted for this pur- 
pose by the British parliament was the Stamp Act, and a brother-in- 
law of Mr. Hutchinson, Secretary Oliver, was appointed distributer 
of stamps. The law was to go into effect Nov. 1, 17Go. Just 
before that time had arrived, Jared Ingersoll, the distributer of 
stamps for Connecticut, arrived in Boston from London. When 
he left town, Mr. Oliver accompanied him a short distance, in con- 
sequence of which a mob hung him in efligy on the " Great Tree," 
or " Liberty Tree," which stood at what was then called South 
Boston, near the corner of Washington and Essex streets, about 
opposite Boylston Market. The mob moreover destroyed a build- 
ing which he had erected, supposed to be designed for a stamp 
oflice, and also destroyed the furniture of his house. Mr. Oliver 
immediately resigned his office. In the evening the mob thanked 



300 Memoir of [Oct. 

him, and made a bonfire on Fort TTill near Iris house. The next 
evening the house of Mr. Hutchinson was attacked, a report being 
circulated that he had written letters in favor of the Stamp Act, 
but the chief damage was the breaking of the windows. In a few 
evenings after there was a more formidable assault. The mer- 
chants being displeased with the officers of the customs and of the 
admiralty, a mob was collected in the evening of Aug. 20, 1705, in 
King street ; and, having first plundered the cellar of the comptroller 
of the customs, of the wines and spirits deposited there, proceeded 
with intoxicated rage to the house of Mr. Hutchinson, and, splitting 
the doors to pieces, destroyed or cast into the streets every thing 
which was in the house, and kept possession of it until daylight. 
Mr. Hutchinson was that ni^ht at the Castle. The damage was 
estimated at .£2,500, besides the loss of a great collection of public 
and private papers.^ He received a grant of ^£3,194 17s 6d for his 
losses, and other sufferers received in the same proportion. The 
town, the next day, voted their abhorrence of the riot ; but the 
public feeling was such that no person was punished. Even six 
or eight persons who were imprisoned for this offence were released 
by a company, who by threats obtained the keys of the prison from 
the prison keeper. 

The political controversy continued during the remainder of Gov. 
Bernard's administration, from 1705 to 1770; and Mr. Hutchinson, 
by taking his scat in the Council, in 1707, merely on the ground of 
being Lieut.-Governor, excited a prejudice and clamor against him- 
self. His seat, however, was voluntarily abandoned, though he 
thought that the early practice sanctioned his claim. By the present 
constitution of Massachusetts, the Lieut.-Governor is ex officio a 
member of the Council. The claim of Mr. Hutchinson, therefore, does 
not appear to have been very preposterous. In a few days after this 
occurrence, he was appointed by the Legislature to the important 
post of a commissioner for settling the boundary with New York. 

In 1708, the arrival of the troops at Boston increased the popular 
excitement against Mr. Hutchinson. At the request of the Govern- 
or, (Bernard,) he accompanied the sheriff to the manufactory house, 
to advise the occupants to leave it, as it belonged to the State, and 

* Referring- to this occurrence, Gov. Hutchinson in one of his private papers preserved at 
the State House, says, " When I had proceeded as far as the year 1730, [in my History] I 
was dispossessed of all my papers of every kind by an enraged, deluded mob. My manuscript 
history which had been scattered about the streets was all recovered, except about half a seore 
sheet-", when the greatest part of the materials from which it was composed and of my other 
papers were destroyed. I am prevented publishing in the appendix some papers which were 
curious and well worth preserving." 



1847.] Governor Hutchinson. 307 

was at the disposal of the Governor, who had appropriated it to the 
use of the troops ; but the occupants, encouraged by " the first rate 
sons of liberty," maintained their ground. 

When Gov. Bernard left the Province, in 17G9, the administra- 
tion devolved upon Mr. Hutchinson, the Li cut.- Governor. In the 
following year the Boston Massacre, as it was called, occurred, 
and inflamed the public mind. He had also a long controversy 
with the Assembly, on proroguing that body to Cambridge by order 
of the King. The Council, also, was opposed to him. At this 
time, in meditating upon his future course, he concluded that it 
would be prudent for him to retain the office of Chief-Justice 
alone, and to pass his days in peace ; and his wishes he com- 
municated to the British government. But in the mean time, 
[March, 1771,] his commission as Governor was received, Andrew 
Oliver being nominated Lieut.-Governor, and Thomas Flucker, 
Secretary, in his stead. Unhappily for himself, he accepted the 
appointment, for, from this time till his departure for England, in 
1774, he was in constant dispute with the Assembly and Council. 
Among the subjects of controversy were the provision made for his 
support by the crown, and also the provision made in the same 
way, for the support of the Judges. His speech, Jan. 6, 1773, assert- 
ing the supreme authority of Parliament, provoked a discussion by 
the Council and House, which it would have been wiser not to have 
elicited. 

In 1772, Dr. Franklin procured some confidential letters of Gov. 
Hutchinson and others, and sent them in the autumn to Samuel 
Cooper, with an injunction, that they should not be copied nor 
published. Mr. Cooper put them into the hands of the Speaker of 
the House, with permission to show them to five persons. Thus 
they were kept for some months. In June, 1773, they were com- 
municated to the Legislature in secret session. These letters were 
written to Thomas Whately, who had been a member of Parlia- 
ment, but he never communicated them to the ministry. In the 
letters, however, there was no sentimenl, which the Governor had 
not openly expressed in his addresses to the Legislature. The Coun- 
cil, indeed, reproached him for saying, " there must be an abridg- 
ment of what are called English liberties;" but this was no more 
than what had been said openly in his speeches. The whole para- 
graph on this subject runs thus: "I never think of the measures 
necessary for the peace and good order of the Colonies without 
pain : there must be an abridgment of what are called English 



!0y Memoir of [Oct. 



liberties. I doubt whether it is possible to project a system of govern- 
ment in which a colony 3,000 miles distant shall enjoy all the liberty 
of the parent state." Some of these letters were from Andrew 
Oliver, Charles Paxton, Thomas Moifatt, Robert Auehmuty, 
Nathaniel Rogers, and George Rome. For the part Dr. Franklin 
and Mr. Temple took in obtaining and transmitting these letters, 
they were removed from office. 

The last public dilliculty which occurred was the affair of the 
tea. A part of it had been consigned to two sons of the Governor, 
a part to Richard Clark & Sons, and a part to Benjamin Faneuil 
and Josiah Winslow. On the arrival of the first ship with 
tea, a " body meeting " of the town and neighborhood was 
called at Old South Church, on Tuesday, Nov. 30ih, and it was 
resolved, that the tea should be sent back; Mr. Rotch, the owner, 
being forbidden to enter the tea, and Capt. Hall, the master, to land 
it. By order of the town the ship was brought from below the 
Castle to a wharf, and a watch of 25 men was appointed for secur- 
ing the ship. The Governor sent a sheriff, who read a proclama- 
tion for the dispersion of the multitude, but a general hiss followed, 
and it was unanimously voted to proceed in defiance of the Govern- 
or, and compel the owner and master to send the tea back in the 
same vessel. When two other vessels arrived, the committee of 
safety required them to be brought to the same wharf. There was 
a difficulty in returning the ships, for no clearance could be obtain- 
ed from the custom house, and no pass by the Castle from the 
Governor. As there were several men-of-war in the harbor, an 
attempt to get to sea without a pass would be ineffectual. It was 
apprehended, too, that the collector would demand the duties, and 
seize the ship and goods in the proper discharge of his office. 
Another " body meeting" was, therefore, summoned Dec. 14, 1773, 
of the people of Boston and the adjacent towns, when the owner 
of the ship was pressed to apply for a clearance and a pass, which 
were refused. As soon as the Governor's answer was returned to 
the " body meeting," they dissolved the assembly and repaired to 
the wharf, as a guard to the destroyers of the tea. About 50 men, 
covered with blankets and appearing like Indians, had previously 
marched by the Old South Church, and gone on board the vessel. 
On the arrival of the " body," the " Indians " in two or three hours 
hoisted out of the holds of the ships, three hundred and forty-two 
chests of tea, and emptied them into the sea. 

The Governor was much blamed in England for not granting a 



1847.] Governor Hutchinson. 309 

pass ; but he could not have done it, without violating his oath, for the 
laws of the custom house must be observed. Nor could he secure 
the tea in the town without bringing the regiment from the Castle, 
or the marines from the men-of-war. This would have brought on 
a contest. In fact, the " sons of liberty," as they were called, had 
annihilated all the powers of government. There was not a 
judge, justice of the peace, or sheriff, who would venture to with- 
stand the inflamed, determined people. Feb. 24, 1774, the Govern- 
or informed the Legislature by message that he had obtained 
his Majesty's permission to visit England, and that he should soon 
avail himself of it. Gen. Gage arrived May 13th, and Mr. Hutch- 
inson was assured of the King's intention to reinstate him in office, 
when Gen. Gage's services should be elsewhere required, and that 
he should not suffer by the loss of his commission. He sailed for 
England the first of June. 

After the publication of the letters, in 1773, the Council and 
House voted an address for the removal of the Governor. The privy 
council having heard the case, decided in favor of "the honor, 
integrity, and conduct " of the Governor, and this decision was 
approved by the King. Jonathan Sewall ably defended him in 
public, under the signal ure of Philalethes. He was deprived of all 
his offices in America, but reeeived a pension for life from the 
British government. 

In respect to the question of war with America, the opinion of 
Gov. Hutchinson differed from many others. He said that the 
people would not with their armies resist the authority and power 
of Great Britain ; " that a few troops would be sufficient to quell 
them, if they did make opposition." Gen. Carlton remarked " that 
America might easily be conquered, but they would want a con- 
siderable army for this purpose ; that he would not pretend to 
march to New York or Boston without 10,000 men." Gov. Tryon 
said, "it would take large armies and much time, to bring America 
to their feet. The power of Great Britain was equal to any thing ; 
but all that power must be exerted, before they put the monster in 
chains." 

Governor Hutchinson was a man of good character, unwearied 
industry, and of highly respectable talents. As a judge, he was 
irreproachable, and evinced great ability. But it was his fortune 
to live at the time of the Revolution, and in the very centre of the 
popular excitement. His political views he candidly and manfully 
explained to the Legislature, in many speeches and messages, which 
display his learning, disposition, and abilities. But he was on the 



310 Memoir of Governor Hutchinson. [Oct. 

wrong side in the Revolutionary contest, and while acting in great 
fidelity to the British government which he served, he fell a martyr 
to the cause in which he was engaged. 

If any person deserved the gratitude of the British government, 
it was Gov. Hutchinson. Though a baronetcy was ofl'ered him, 
which he declined for private reasons, still he was greatly neglected. 
Had the "rebellion " been put down the first year, he would have 
been deemed worthy of the highest honors, so much does the 
estimation of men depend on success. Massachusetts, amidst all 
the vituperations against him for encouraging the ministers in 
their measures to keep the colonies in a state of dependence, has 
cause to remember him with gratitude ; for when the commissioners, 
Brattle, Hawley, and Hancock, met those of New York at Hart- 
ford, May 12, 1773, it was his advice alone which prevented them 
from abandoning the claim of Massachusetts to the western territory 
of New York, which was retained and sold for a large sum. He 
deserves great honor, also, for his labors in regard to historical 
works. He published a " Brief State of the Claim of the Colonies," 
in 1764 ; the " History of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, from 
the first settlement thereof in 1023 until the year 1750," in 2 vols. 
Svo : the first in 1760, and the second in 1767 ; and a " Collection 
of Original Papers relative to the History of the Colony of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay," Svo, in 1769. These works are held in high esti- 
mation by those who would obtain a knowledge of the History of 
this country. A third volume, 8vo, of the " History of Massachusetts 
from 1749 to 1774," was published in London, in 182S, by his 
grandson, the Rev. John Hutchinson, la addition, it may be 
stated, that among the many unpublished papers, containing the 
thoughts of Governor Hutchinson, now in the State House, is a 
long and able dialogue between an European and an American on 
the political relations between this country and England. This 
production indicates much talent as well as extensive learning, and 
much acquaintance with the science of government. 

Governor Hutchinson lived retired at Brompton, till June. 3, 
1780, when he deceased, and on the 9th, was buried at Croyden. 
A daughter of the Governor died Sept. 21, 1771, and his son Wil- 
liam, Feb. 20, 1780 ; his son Thomas died at Heavitrce, near Exe- 
ter, in 1811, aged 71, and his son Elisha, at Blurton Parsonage, 
Trentham, Staffordshire, in 1824, aged SO. 

[For the facts in the ahove Memoir we are indebted to Hutchinson's History of 
the Province of Massachusetts Bay, Hon. James M. Robbins of Milton, Rev. Jo.>eph B. 
Felt and Nathaniel B. Shiirtleflj M. 1')., ol Boston, the Biographical Dictionaries of Drs. Eliot, 
Allen, and Blake, and Gov. Hutchinson's private papers J 



1847.] The Endecott lloch; 311 

COL. CAIIRIGALVS LETTER RESPECTING THE ENDE- 
COTT ROCK. 

To John Farmer, Esquire, Corresponding Secretary of New 
Hampshire Historical Society. 

Sir, 

At the place called the Weares, where, our beautiful Winni- 
pisiogee first discharges its crystal waters, the following letters have 
been found sculptured on a rock, and about in the position, and at the 
relative distances here represented. 

EI SW 

WP IOIIN 

ENDICYT 

GOV 

The Rock, which may be called hereafter the ENDECOTT Rock, 
lies nigher the Meredith than Gilford side of the strait ; a short dis- 
tance above the bridge, and at the head of the outlet, and appears lo 
be deeply imbedded in the gravel, with its surface but little above the 
water, about 20 feet in circumference, and though uneven, more plane 
than that of those around it; and may have been the spot where the 
observations to ascertain the hit. (herein stated) were taken, and ou 
these accounts selected for the inscription. 

The discovery was made in consequence of a dam having been 
constructed across the head of the Weares by Sfephen C. Lyford, 
Esq. to facilitate an excavation and clearance of the channel, for the 
passage of the new and elegant Steam Boat, Belknap, to a winter 
harbor at the young and rising village, five miles below; of which Mr. 
Lyford and Nathan Batchelder, Esq. are the founders. 

I believe that Daniel Tucker, Esq. President, and Mr. John T. 
Coffin* Cashier of the Winnipisiogee Bank, were the first dis- 
coverers : and receiving the account from them a few days after, I 
immediately hastened to the place, and was highly gratified to find a 
real monument ; and of undoubted antiquity. 

When, and by whom were these letters made? and for what, or 
for whom, were part of them intended ? were the questions that arose 
at the first view. 

And there seems no difficulty in solving a part of those queries. 

In the year 1G52, during the union of Massachusetts and New 
Hampshire, the General Court of Massachusetts, ordered a survey, to 

* Mr. Coflin, at first thought the second letter had rather more the appearance of a P, than 
an I, but on a second view, coincided with those, who think it intended tor an I. Mr. 
Sawyer, a respectable Attorney at Meredith Bridge, and among, or soon after, the first, 
who discovered the inscription, thinks the mark might pass for either letter, but I believe, 
considers it most like an I. It may well be supposed, that the letters are more legible, at 
some times, than at others. It was an extremely stormy day when I visited the rock, and 
some pencil minutes which I took, were lost, during a long journey I was then making to 
the northward : to coiled materials lor the new edition of my Map of N. II. But 1 trust the 
preceding description, is in all ihe particulars, substantially correct. 



312 The Endccott Rock. [Oct. 

ascertain the northern bound of the Colony, an object long contem- 
plated ; and then deemed necessary, to settle a legal question that 
had arisen, in relation to the jurisdiction of that State ; which by virtue 
of the union, had extended over New Hampshire; and appointed 
Captains Edward Johnson and Simon Willard, Commissioners for 
that purpose. The illustrious historian of New Hampshire in page 5G 
of your invaluable edition ; says "A Committee of the General Court 
attended by Jonathan Ince, and John Sherman, Surveyors, and several 
Indian guides, went up the river Merrimack to find the most northerly 
part thereof; which the Indians told them was Aquedoctan, the outlet 
of the Lake Winnipisiogee." 

John Sherman belonged to Watertown, and was then a Sergeant, 
and afterwards a Captain and a Representative of that town, in the 
General Court; he was also the ancestor of the famous Roger Sher- 
man of Connecticut. 

Jonathan luce, was then a resident graduate of Harvard College. 
And here follows (literatim) their report to these Commissioners of the 
General Court, held at Boston, May 27th (1052.) as erroneously print- 
ed in the note under the page just mentioned: it should have been 
(1653) concerning the lat. of the Northernmost part of Merrimack 
River. 

" Whereas wee John Sherman and Jonathan Ince, were procured 
by the aforesaid Commissioners to take the latitude of the place above 
named. Our Answer is, that at Aquedahcan, the name of the head 
of the Merrimack, where it issues out of the Lake called Winna- 
pusseakit, upon the first of August, one thousand, six hundred, and 
fifty two, wee observed and by observation found that the Latitude of 
the place was fourty three degrees, fourty minutes, and twelve seconds, 
besides those minutes which are to be allowed for the three miles more 
North wch. run into the Lake. In witnesse whereof, wee have sub- 
scribed our names'this nineteenth of October, one thousand, six hun- 
dred, and fifty two. 

John Sherman. 
Jonathan Ince. 
"Jur. coram me, JOII. ENDECOTT Gubr." 

The following account exhibits a part of the expenses of this survey, 
and is copied (also literatim) from a note referring thereto, in Rev. 
Mr. Bouton's excellent Centennial Sermon, delivered at Coucord, 
November, 1830. 

Accoumpt of dibbursments about Jorney to the head of the Merrimack. 

£ s. d. 

Ipr. for makeing the Bote h Ores, with all the Boards & Stuff - - 03 01 00 

for one man for the Journey h and his work in preparing levall - - 03 03 00 

for 5 pound of powder, 4 pond of shott match and Indian llowes, [?] - 00 12 00 

for 3 yooke of oxen and a horse - 00 11 00 

It. to James Prentise for the Journey, 03 00 00 

10 07 00 
Reasared in part of this Accoumpt, 
Ipr. for the Saylcs, pieces of Rope & two Blocks 

the Bote and some Ruff, 8cc. that were left 02 17 00 

Remaynes to me still on this Accoumpt 07 10 00 

Due to Good. Bull for carting - - 00 16 00 

Sum total due to Capt. Johnson - - OS 09 00 

The Deputies consent this bill should be satisfyed 
to Captain Johnson, 



1847.1 The Endccott Rock. 313 



Daniel, Demson. 

The Deputies consent that Capt. Johnson be 

paid for his Journey, 13 OG 03 

Daniel Demson. 

The Maoists, consent hereto, Edward Rawson, Secrcty. 
Consented to by the deputyes, W.m. Tokkly, Clerix. 

The whole expense, was £84 00, and the expedition occupied 
nineteen days in July and August. 

These historical records prove beyond any question that the Letters 
were cut on the Hock, on, or about the iirst of August, A. D. 1652 : 
nearly two hundred years ago, seventy- three years before the memo- 
rable and disastrous battle of Lovewell, with the Indians, at Pequaw- 
ket: and during the Government of the Commonwealth in England; 
while John Endecott was Governor of Massachusetts, in 10-14, 
during the reign of Charles I. 

But the names represented by these letters, cannot be given with 
equal confidence, although they may be conjectured with great proba- 
bility. 

The EI are the initials of Edward Johnson, who was the com- 
mander of the whole concern ; and one of the Commissioners ; and 
SW are those of Simon Willard, the other. 

And as the letters WP are on the same line and immediately 
precede IOIIN ENDICVT, it is not improbable that they stand for 
Worshipful ; a title in those puritanical times often given to the Govern- 
or and Magistrates. 

And if the iirst two letters represent the name Edward Johnson, the 
second initials on the same line do without doubt, Simon Willard ; 
and the inscription was intended to designate the then Governor, 
of Massachusetts; and the two Commissioners who superintended 
the survey : for if the person who made these sculptures had no in- 
tention to honor or commemorate in this way, but three characters ; 
he most probably selected the two former, as those the most distin- 
guished in the expedition ; with the name of the Governor, under 
whose administration it was executed. And it is not unlikely that 
Johnson directed the cutting of these letters, as in his History, the name 
of the Governor is always spelled Endicut, the same as it appears on 
the Hock ; for the it and vm the final syllable was often used the one 
for the other. But WP instead of standing for Worshipful, it is 
possible, though hardly probable, may mean William Parks, who 
may have cooperated in this survey. lie was about this time, a 
Representative of Hoxbury, and was also a Deacon of Koxbury Church, 
an office in those days, of the highest trust, and importance, lie and 
Johnson were great friends ; and were together in the General Court 
for twenty years. 

Johnson in his History of New-England, says of Deacon Parks 
(what I wish could justly be said of more of the Statesmen of this 
generation) " he teas a nuui of pregnant understanding and useful in his 
place" He died at an advanced age in 1G:>3. 

Simon Willard, was then a Member of the General Court, from 
Concord, Massachusetts ;— a Captain of the Militia, and afterwards a 
Commander of part of the Massachusetts forces, in the Indian War of 
167.3, called Philip's war. 



314 First Settlement of Norwich, Ct. [Oct. 

Capt. Johnson calls him in his history "a Kentish Souldier," and he 
probably came from the same County as Johnson, lie was the an- 
cestor of Samuel Willard, Vice President of Harvard College from 
1701 to 1707, and also of Joseph Willard, who was President of the 
same Institution from 178 1 to 1601. 

Capt. Edward Johnson came from Heme Hill, a parish in Kent in 
England, in the ileet with Governor Winthrop in 1G30. Some years 
after, he was one of the Committee for erecting a new town, and 
Church, in the place, now called Woburn, before called Charlestown 
Village. In 1643, he went with Capt. Cook, and forty men to Rhode 
Island, to take Samuel Gorton who had become obnoxious to the 
Massachusetts Government. In the same year, he was chosen Rep- 
resentative, and was re-elected with but a single exception for 
twenty-eight years. He was speaker of the House", a short time in 
1055, and in the year 1665, he was appointed on the Committee, with 
Bradford, Dan forth, and others, to meet the Commissioners Nichols, 
Carr, &c. who had been sent from England by Charles II. After the 
incorporation of Woburn, he was the Town Recorder, till about a year 
before his death; which was in 1672. 

He was the Author of a history of Massachusetts from 1628, to 
1652; interspersed with short pieces of poetry, and the whole written 
in the peculiar, quaint style, of the times. The work is entitled" a 
History of New England, from the English planting in 1028, till 1652; 
or Wonder -working Providence of Sioxs Saviour." It was publish- 
ed in London by Nath. Brooke, in 1654. 

Those desirous of preserving, and perpetuating all the reminiscences 
and records, of olden tune, that relate to our Granite State, will require 
no apology for the length, or minuteness of this communication ; but I 
cannot close it without expressing my acknowledgements for the kind 
assistance you have rendered me on this subject, and others, con- 
templated (though with faint hopes) to appear hereafter. 
I have the honor to remain, &c. 

yours, &e. truly, 

PHILIP CARRIGAIN. 



FIRST SETTLEMENT OF NORWICH, CT. 

The town of Norwich is holden by purchase from the Indian 
Sachems of Mohegan, viz : of Uncas, the grand sachem of the tribe of 
that name, and his two sons, Oncco and Altawanhood, calling them- 
selves sachems by their deed, in due form, to the inhabitants of said 
Norwich, the consideration of £70. Said township contains nine 
miles square of land, &c. ; which land, according to the bounds and 
description mentioned in said deed, was by the General Assembly of 
this colony, in the year 1671, granted and confirmed to said Norwich. 

Norwich was settled in the spring of the year 1600. The purchase 
of the town was made in the month of June, 1659, by thirty-five men, 
who first settled said town. The greater part of said settlers were 
from Saybrook ; four or five of them were from the towns of New- 
London and Groton, then one town. Two of said settlers were from 
the towns of Plymouth and Marshfield, in the Massachusetts province. 



1817. 



First Settlers of Norwich, Ct.— Patent, !G3- r >. 



315 



Most of them came from England, settled near Boston, and were of 
the first settlers of Connecticut, at Hartford and Windsor, before they 
moved to Saybrook. 

In the year 1 GOO, the Rev. James Fitch, the pastor of the church of 
Saybrook, with the greater part of his church, moved from Saybrook 
to Norwich. Said Mr. Fitch continued to be pastor of said church, at 
Norwich, until by reason of his age and infirmity he resigned his said 
office about the year 1696, and in 170:2, removed to the town of Leb- 
anon, and soon after died in a good old age. 

The Ilev. Mr. John Woodward succeeded Mr. Fitch as pastor of said 
church, and continued in his office, until some difficulty arising between 
him and said church, respecting church discipline, he was dismissed 
and removed to the town of New Haven, and died there. 

Upon the dismission of Mr. Woodward, the llev. Mr. Benjamin 
Lord succeeded, and was ordained pastor of said church, (there being 
then but one church and congregation in said town.) The Rev. Ilenry 
Willcs, from Windsor, was ordained pastor of the West Society, Oct. 
8, 1718. The Rev. Daniel Kirtland, from Saybrook, was ordained at 
Neweut, Dec. 1U, 1723. The llev. Jabez Wight, from Dedham, was 
ordained pastor over the church in the East Society, Oct. 27, 1720. 



NAMES OF THE FIRST SETTLERS OF NORWICH, IN 1GG0. 



Maj r John Mason. 
*Rev. James Fitch. 
*Lt. Thos. Leilingwell. 
Lt. Thos. Tracy. 
*John Reynolds. 
Thomas Bliss. 
Stephen Backus. 
John Ormsteail. 
*Thoinas Ad^ate. 
Christopher Huntington. 
Samuel Hide. 
*John Tost. 



John Birchard. 
Rohert Wade. 
^Morgan Bowers. 
John Gager. 

* Thomas Post. 
Thomas Howard. 
Nehemiah Smith. 
Richard Kgerton. 
Hugh Calkins. 
John Calkins. 
Francis (iris wold. 

* William Backus. 



John Ehlerkin. 
John Bradford. 
^ Simon Huntington. 
Thomas Waterman. 
Thomas Bingham. 
William Hide. 
Rohert Allen. 
Jon a . Royce. 
John Baldwin. 
John Tracy. 
John Pearce. 

Uncas Monument. 



PATENT 

OF THE TOWN OF NORWICH, A. D. 1G85. 

Whereas the General Court of Connecticut have forever granted 
unto the proprietors and Inhabitants of the Towne of Norwich all those 
lands, both meadows and uplands within these abuttments (viz.) from 
the mouth of Tradeingcove Brooke the line to run as the Brooke to 
the head of the Brooke to a white oake marked N : and from thence 
west northwesterly to a great pond to a black oake marked N : which 
stands neere the mouth of the great Brooke that runs out of the pond 
to Norwich river, which is about seven miles from the said Tradeing 
Cove; and from thence the line ruims North norcasfc nine miles to a 
Black oake standing by the river side on the .south of it, a little above 



* These individuals were .surviving in January, 1700. 



31G Patent of the Town of Norwich, [Oct. 

maumcagway, and from thence the line runs south southeasterly nine 
miles to a white oake standing by a brooke marked N : and then the 
line runs south southwesterly nine miles to a white oake neere Robert 
Allyn and Thomas Hose's Dwelling houses, which tree is marked N : 
and from thence westerly as New London Bounds runs to Mohegen 
river, the whole being nine miles square, the said land havcing been 
by purchase or otherwise lawfully obtayned of the Indian natives pro- 
prietors. — And whereas, the said Inhabitants and proprietors of the s d 
Norwich in the Colony of Conecticutt have made application to the 
Governo 1 " and Company of the s d Colony of Conecticutt assembled in 
Court May 25 th , IGoo, that they may have a patent for the confirmation 
of the afore 8 * 1 land, so purchased and granted to them as aforesaid, and 
which they have stood seized, and quietly possessed of for many years 
late past, without interuption, Now for a more full confirmation of the 
aforesd unto the present proprietors of the s d Towneship of Norwich 
in their possession and injoyment of the premises, know yea that the 
s d Governour and Company assembled in Generall Court according to 
the Commission Granted to them by his magestie's charter, have given 
and granted and by these presents doe give, grant llattifie and con- 
firme unto Mr. James Fitch sen r , Capt. James Fitch, Mr. Benjamine 
Brewster, Lieut. Thomas Tracy, Lieut. Tho. Leffingweli, Mr. Christo- 
pher Huntington, Mr. Simon Huntington, Ensign Win. Backus, ISIr. 
Thomas Waterman, Mr. John Burchard and Mr. John Post, and the 
rest of the said present proprietors of the township of Norwich, their 
heirs, suckcessors and assigns forever; the aforesaid parcell of land as 
it is Butted and Bounded, together with all the woods, meadows, pas- 
tures, ponds, waters, rivers, islands, iishings, huntings, fowleings, mines, 
mineralls, quarries, and precious stones, upon or within the said tract 
of land, and all other proifitts and comodities thereunto belonging, or in 
any wayes appertaining ; and Doe also grant unto the aforesd Mr. 
James Fitch sen 1 ", Capt. James Fitch, Mr. Benjamin Brewster, Lieut. 
Thomas Tracy, Lieut. Thos. Leffingweli, Mr. Christopher Huntington, 
Mr. Simon Huntington, Ensign Wm. Backus, Mr. Thomas "Waterman, 
Mr. John Birchard, and Mr. John Post, and the rest of the proprietors, 
Inhabitants of Norwich, their heirs, successors and assigns forever, that 
the fores' 1 tract of land shall be forever hereafter deemed, reputed and 
be an intire towneship of itself — to have and to hold the said tract of 
land and premises, with all and singuler their appurtenances, together 
with the priviledges and immunities and franchises herein given and 
granted unto the say d Mr. James Fitch sen 1- , Capt. James Fitch, Mr. 
Benjamine Brewster, Lieut. Thomas Tracy, Lieut. Thomas Leffing- 
weli, Mr. Christopher Huntington, Mr. Simon Huntington, Ensign 
"Wm, Backus, Mr. Thomas Waterman, Mr. John Birchard and Mr. John 
Fost, and other the present proprietors, Inhabitants of Norwich, theire 
heirs successors, and assignes for ever, and to the only proper use and 
behoofe of the sayd Mr. James Fitch sen 1- , Capt. James Fitch, Mr. Ben- 
jamine Brewster, Lieut. Thomas Tracy, Lieut. Thomas Leffingweli, 
Mr. Christopher Huntington, Mr. Simon Huntington, Ensign Win. 
Backus, Mr. Thomas Waterman, Mr. John Birchard and Mr. John 
Fost, and other proprietors, inhabitants of Norwich, their heirs, succes- 
sors, and assigns for ever, according to the Tenor of East Greenwich 
in Kent, in free and common soccage and not in capitto, nor are they 
capable according to the custom of the country, yielding, rendering, 
and paieiug therefore to our sovereign Lord the king, his heircs and 



1817.] Letter of LicuL-Chv. Stougkton. 317 

successors, his dues according to Charter. In witness whereof, we 
have caused the Scale of the Colony to be hereunto affixed this 
twenty-lirst of May, 1G86", in the first year of the rcigne of our sover- 
eign lord James the Second, by the grace of God, of England, Scot- 
land, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the faith. 

ROBERT TREAT, Governor. 

, , — * — s s March 30 th , 1687, pr order of the Gov. r and Compony of 

j seal. [ the Colony of Conecticutt. 

( n — „ — > ) Signed pr John Allyn, Secrety. 

Entered in the pub. records, Lib. D : fo. 13S, 139, Nov r 27 th , 1G85 : pr 

John Allyn, Secrety. 



i LETTER OF LIEUT.-GOV. WILLIAM STOUGHTON OF MASSA- 
CHUSETTS TO GOV. SAMUEL ALLEN OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 



Hon ble S r : 

Upon the late Submission made by the Eastern Indians, which its hoped, 

will settle all things in a present quiet, I have thought tit with the advice and 

consent of his Ma^ 9 Council, here to emit a Proclamation (copy whereof is 

inclosed) to promote the regular Settlement of the Eastern parts of this Prov- 

I ince, and for regulating of Trade with the Indians, the better to secure and 

; preserve his Ma**' Interests and the future peace and tranquility of his Subjects, 

that no just provocation may be given to the Indians, or any abuse or injustice 

i done them therein — the terms whereof the Government here expect an exact 

: compliance with and conformity unto. And judge it necessary for his Ma 1 ** 

I Service that your honour be acquainted therewith to the end his Ma 1 *' 8 Subjects 

| within your Government may be notified thereof in such way as you shall think 

; most advisable, that neither the good intent of the s d Proclamation be defeated, 

nor they suffer any loss or damage by acting any thing contrary thereunto 

within the parts of this his Ma'>' s Government. Assuring my selfe nothing will 

be wanting on your honors part to prevent the rnischiefes that may ensue upon 

neglect of the due observance thereof, I am with much respect 

Boston S r 

February 16' A 1698. 

Your very humble Servant 
[Superscription.] \V M Stovchton. 

On His Ma* 8 Service. 
To the Hon bu Samuel Allen Esq r 
Governour of his Ma tys Province 
of New Hampshire. 



31S 



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of the Ministers of Boston. 



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1847.] Ministers in Rockingham County. 323 

NOT E S . 

Hampton. The Indian name of this place was Winnicumet. The church 
here has existed more than two hundred years, and is the oldest in the Stale. 
Sometime during the year of its organization, a church was formed at Exeter, 
but it was soon broken up, and neither of the present churches in that town was 
formed till several years afterwards. 

At a still earlier period, a settlement had been made at Dover, and another 
near the mouth of the Piscataqua ; but as they were formed' for the purpose of 
fishing and trading, some years elapsed before any church was gathered at 
either place. The church at Dover was formed soon after that at Hampton. 

Hampton was settled under the authoiity of Massachusetts, and was granted 
by the General Court Oct. 7, 1638,* (answering to Oct. 17, 1638, N. S.) and the 
settlement was commenced the same year. The grant made at that lime em- 
braced much more territory than the present town of Hampton, as the towns of 
North Hampton, Hampton Falls, and Kensington, a large part of Seabrook and. 
South Hampton, and a part of East Kingston, and Rye. 

The exact date of the formation of the church is not known; but the tradition 
in regard to it is that it was organized before the settlement of the town was 
commenced. The same may be inferred from the record of the grant, which 
was made to several persons, " who were some of them united together by 
church government." The church is said to have been formed at Newbury, 
where some of the first settlers remained a short time before they removed to 
Hampton. 

The first settlers of this town were Puritans ; many of them from the county 
of Norfolk, in England, one of the strong-holds of Puritanism. The motives by 
which they were influenced in coming to this country, were similar to those 
which influenced the Pilgrims who came over in the Mayflower. Enteitaining 
such views, they regarded it of the first impoitance to their new settlement to 
establish and maintain the institutions of religion. 

Having an organized church, and a pastor to break to them the bread of life, 
they erected, without delay, a meeting-house, where they might assemble for 
the worship of God. The building was indeed rude in its construction, being, 
like the first dwelling-houses, built of logs. Still it was a sacred place — ' : none 
other but the house of God. 1 ' There they were accustomed to meet for relig- 
ious worship, at the ringing of the bell, "on Lord's days and other days; 1 ' for 
from the first they had a bell, which was presented to them by their pastor.f 

Rev. Stcp}icn BacJiilcr was the first pastor of the church, and was placed 
over it at the time when it was organized. He was born in England about the 
year 1561, and consequently was not far from seventy-seven years old when 
the church was formed. In relation to his early life we have no knowledge. 
He was in the ministry in his native country, where he " suffered much at the 
hands of the bishops." He came to this country in 1632, and arrived at Boston 
on the 5th of June. The next year he was settled at Lynn. Difficulties soon 
arose between him and a portion of his church, whereupon he asked a dismission 
for himself and six or seven other persons, who had come with him from Eng- 
land, and had formed part of the church at Lynn. His request having been 
granted, he and his companions renewed their former covenant, intending to 
form a new church in the same town ; but this design having been frustrated, 
and a plantation which they afterwards commenced at Mattakeese, since called 
Yarmouth, on Cape Cod, having failed, they came to Hampton in the autumn 
of 1638. The next year Rev. Timothy Dallon was associated with Mr. Bachiler, 
in the ministerial office. 

Mr. Baehiler's ministry here was very brief, and far from being satisfactory 
to a majority of the church. For aught that appears, he was orthodox in his 
sentiments, and, till he was far advanced in life, correct in his deportment; but 

* In the Notes on Hampton, the dates previous to Sept., 17.72, are in Old Style, and may 
easily be reduced to New Style by uddin^' ten days to those prior to the year 17U0, and eleven 
to those between 1700 and 1752. 

t Hampton Records. 



32-1 Congregational Churches and [Oct. 

at length his reputation was tarnished, however fair it had previously been. At 
the age of fourscore, a charge of misbehavior was preferred against him, 
which led to his removal from the pastoral ofiice in 1641. 

Mr. Bachiler continued to reside at Ihimpton several years after he was 
removed from the pastoral office. It is not known with certainty, when he left 
Hampton j but he appears to have been gone from the town early in 1647, and 
it is said that he resided at Portsmouth from that year till 1650, and that he 
returned to England in 1655 or 1656, where he died five or six years afterwards, 
at the great age of about one hundred years. 

Mr. Bachiler had several children, some of whom settled at Hampton, and 
his descendants there and in other parts of New Hampshire are very numerous. 

Rev. Timothy Dalton was associated with Mr. Bachiler in 1639, the latter 
being styled pastor, and the former, teacher.* In the early history of New 
England, it was not unusual for ministers to be thus associated. Some writers 
have defined the respective duties of these officers, making a distinction which 
does not appear to have been regarded in all cases. In many respects, the 
two ministers seem to have been connected like colleague pastors of the pres- 
ent day. Though their duties were, perhaps, to some extent, dilFerent, yet 
each, by virtue of his ofiice, was authorized to perform all the duties, that 
were usually performed by the other. 

Thus in some churches the pastor preached in the forenoon of the Sabbath, 
and the teacher, in the afternoon. In one part of the day, the pastor offered 
the prayer that preceded the sermon, and the teacher, the closing prayer ; and 
in the other part, the order was reversed. The teacher pronounced the bene- 
diction at the close of the morning service, and the pastor at the close of the 
evening. At the celebration of the Lord's supper, "one of the ministers per- 
formed the first part of the service, and the other the last, — the order in which 
they officiated, being reversed at each communion." The ordinance of baptism 
was likewise administered either by the pastor or the teacher. f 

Mr. Dalton was ordained and officiated as a minister in England. As he 
could not conscientiously conform to all the rites and ceremonies, and subscribe 
to all the articles of the Episcopal church, as required by some arbitrary civil 
enactments, he, like many other ministers in similar circumstances, was 
deprived of his living, and virtually deposed from his office as a Christian min- 
ister. Like many of his fellow-sufferers, he left his native land, and sought in 
the wilds of New England, an asylum, where he might be permitted to 
worship God agreeably to the dictates of his own conscience. Soon after 
arriving at Boston, he went to Dedham, from which place he removed to 
Hampton in 1639. 

About that time there were disturbances at Dover, which the magistrates at 
Boston thought it necessary to quell. They accordingly sent thither for that 
purpose, Mr. Simon Bradstreet, afterward Governor of Massachusetts, Rev. 
Hugh Peters, a man well known in English history, and Rev. Mr. Dalton.J 
This fact shows that Mr. Dalton was a man of a good reputation, for it can 
hardly be supposed that any other would be employed for such a purpose. He 
was also highly esteemed by the people to whom he ministered. 

Mr. Dalton's ministry terminated with his life, Dec. 28, 1661, when he was 
about eighty-four years of age. The appellation of teacher, which was given 
him at his settlement, he seems to have retained through life. The same title 
is appended to his name in the record of his death, where it is also stated that 
he was "a faithful and painful laborer in God's vineyard." § 

Mr. Dalton, at his death, left no children. When he was settled, he had a 
son, bearing his own name, who was then, probably, an adult, as not long after 
a farm was granted to him by the town. He died within a few years, and the 
farm was then confirmed to his father. Ruth, the wife of Rev. Mr. Dalton, 
survived her husband, and died May 12, 1666, aged 88 years. 

There are now living in this vicinity several families of the name of Dalton, 
and it is supposed by some, that Rev. Mr. Dalton was their ancestor ; but he 

* Hampton Records. J Belknap's History of New Hampshire. 

] Bacon's Historical Discourses, pp. 45, 46. § Town Records. 



1847.] Ministers in Rockingham County. 325 

\ was not. They are descended from his brother Philemon, who died June 4, 
1062. 
Rev. John Whelewright was probably settled as the pastor, while Mr. Daltoo 
; remained the teacher, of the church. A contract between the church andtown, 
» on the one part, and Mr. Whelpwright, on the other part, was made April 12, 
J 1647, accompanied by a preamble, from which the following is extrai . 
showing the reason for the settlement of Mr. Whelewright. 

"The church of Jesus Christ at Hampton having seriously considered the 

great pains and labours that the reverente and well beloued Mr. Tymothy Dal- 

ton haue taken among them in the worke of the ministry, euen beyond his abil- 

itie or strenght of nater. And haueing upon sollemne seeking of God, settled 

ther thoughts upon the reverente and well-beloued Mr. John Whelewright of 

I Wells as a helpe in the worke of the Lord with the sayd Mr. Dalton, our present 

i and faithfull Teacher. And haue given the said Mr. Whelewright a call to that 

I end with the consent of the hole towne : The which the said Mr. Whelewright 

doe except according unto God, &c." * 

Soon after Mr. Whelewright's ministry closed he went to England, whence 
he wrote a letter to the church at Hampton, dated April 20, 1658. In this letter 
he mentions an interview with Cromwell, " with whom," he writes, " I had 
discourse in private about the space of an hour. All his speeches seemed to 
me very orthodox and gracious." f On the accession of Charles II. to the 
throne, Mr Whelewright returned to this country, and preached at Salisbury, 
Ms., where he died, Nov. 15, 1679, aged about eighty-five years. 

f For further information in regard to Mr. Whelewright, see p. 151.] 

Rev. Seaborn Cotton was the eldest son of Rev. John Cotton of Boston, one of 
the most distinguished of the early New England divines. During his voyage 
to America, his wife gave birth to a son, Aug. 12, 1633, which was an occasion 
of great joy, for this child was their first-born. Sept. 6, two days after their 
arrival at Boston, they dedicated their infant to God in baptism, and, in view 
of the circumstances of his birth, gave him the name of Seaborn. $ 

Mr. Cotton graduated at the age of eighteen. When he beuran to preach, is 
uncertain, and where he preached before going to Hampton is also uncertain. 

He commenced preaching there as early as 1657, not long after Mr. Whele- 
wright's removal. A committee was chosen, May 2, 1657, to treat with Mr. 
Bradstreet," the father-in-law of Mr. Cotton, " and with the elders in the Bay, to 
order the calling of Mr. Cotton according to former agreements On the 24th of 
Nov., 1658, Mr. Cotton gave a receipt to the town for £65, for maintainance the 
past year. During that year, he seems to have had some connection with the 
church at Windsor, Ct.*' 

Mr. Cotton continued to perform the duties of a Christian minister till his 
labors were suddenly terminated by death, which occurred April 19, 1686, 
when he was in the fifty-third year of his age.# 

Dr. Cotton Mather says of him that he was "esteemed a thorough scholar 
and an able preacher;" and that "none of the lately revived heresies were 
more abominable to him than that of his namesake Pelagius." Mather also 
says that he was the author of a Catechism; but what the character of the work 
was, or whether any copies are extant, we know not. In 1673, he preached the 
Artillery Election Sermon, but it was not printed. A volume of his sermons in 
manuscript is deposited in the library of the Massachusetts Historical Society.^ 

At a meeting held March 25, 1664, "The town voted and agreed y' those 
y* are willing to have their children called forth to be catechised, shall give 
in their names to Mr. Cotton for that end, between this and the second day of 
the next month." * 

In 1667, it was unanimously agreed at a church meeting, that the church 
should proceed with " adult church children as with other members, for scan- 
dals, or clear breaches of the moral law." By adult church children, they in- 
tended those who had been baptized, and who had arrived at the age of twenty 
years. || 

* Town Records. § American Quarterly Register, 

f Hutchinson's History. || Church Records. 

j Mather's Magnulia. 



o2Q Congregational Churches and [Oct. 



There is reason to believe that Mr. Cotton and his people lived together har- 
moniously during the long period of his ministry. In one instance he was 
obliged to suspend his labors ;i few Sabbaths. This interruption was occasioned 
by a message from Cranfield, the Lieutenant-Governor of the Province, that 
" when he had prepared his soul, he would come and demand the sacrament 
of him, as he had done at Portsmouth." Mr. Cotton, being unwilling to admin- 
ister the Sacrament to an unsuitable person, or according to the <: liturgy of the 
Church of England," and wishing to avoid a controversy with the Governor. 
withdrew to Boston. After an absence of a few weeks, he returned and 
resumed his labors among his own people.* 

Previous to that time, Rev. Mr. Moody of Portsmouth had been imprisoned 
for refusing to administer the Sacrament to Gov. Cranfield. as he had required; 
and in reference to that transaction, Mr. Cotton, while in Boston, preached a 
sermon from Acts xiii : 5. " Peter therefore was kept in prison ; but prayer 
was made without ceasing of the church unto God for him." This sermon 
gave considerable offence to Cranfield and his adherents, but it does not 
appear that Mr. Cotton was ever molested on account of it.f 

A new meeting-house was built in the summer of 1G75, and placed near the 
old one, which was not taken down till five years afterward. All the male 
inhabitants, of more than twenty years of age, were required to attend and 
assist in raising the house, under a penalty of twelve pence for neglect. Four- 
teen years afterward, some of the people of the town built a fortification around 
this house in order " to secure themselves and their families from the violence 
of the heathen." In 1692, the town voted to extend the fortification so as to 
enclose more space, and liberty was given " to build houses in it according to 
custom in other forts." At the same time it was voted to build a house within 
the fort for the use of the minister, and, when not occupied by him, to be used 
as a school-house. 1 To such straits were our forefathers driven by the hostility 
of the Indians. 

Mr. Cotton was twice married. His first wife was Dorothy Bradstreet, daugh- 
ter of Gov. Simon Bradstreet of Massachusetts and his wife Ann, who was 
a daughter of Gov. Thomas Dudley, and was highly esteemed for her poetical 
talents. This marriage took place June 14. 1654. The fruits of it were one 
son and eight daughters ; namely, 

Dorothy, b. Nov. 11, 1656, m. Col. Joseph Smith of Hampton. 

John, b. May 8, 1658, grad. H. C. 1678, minister at Hampton. 

Sarah, b. Feb. 22, 1GG0, d. in infancy. 

Anne, b. Aug. 22, 1 (161 , m. Mr. Johnson. 

Sarah, b. July 2, 1GG3, m. Richard Peirce. 

Elisabeth, b. Aug. 13, 1GG5, m. Rev. William Williams of Hatfield. 

Mercy, b. Nov. 3. 1GGG, m. Capt. Peter Tufts of Medford. 

Abiah, b. April 5', 1GG9. 

Marian, b. April 22, 1670, m. 1. Mr. Atwater — 2. Samuel Partridge. 

Mrs. Cotton died Feb. 26, 1672. Mr. Cotton's second wife, to whom he was 
married July 9, 1673, was Mrs. Prudence Crosby, widow of Dr. Anthony 
Crosby of Rowley, Ms., and daughter of Mr. Jonathan Wade of Ipswich. His 
children by this wife were two sons; namely, 

Rowland, b. Aug. 29, 167 4, grad. H. C. 1696, became a physician. 
Wade, b. Oct. 6, 1676, d. in infancy. $ 

Rev. John Cotton was invited to preach at Hampton soon after the death of 
his father. As early as Nov. 28, 16S7, a committee was chosen to treat with 
him in relation to a settlement as pastor of the church. For some reason, he 
declined becoming the pastor, both at that time and on several occasions after- 

* Belknap's History. 

t American Quarterly Register. 

I Town Records. 

$ Town Records. — American Quarterly Register— MS of Rev. Mr. Cotton. 



1847.] Ministers in Rockingham County. 327 

ward, when invitations were extended to him. He, however, preached here a 
considerable portion of the time that elapsed previous to his ordination.* 

For several months In the years 1690 and 1691, Mr. Cotton was absent from 
Hampton, and Rev. John Pike, pastor of the church at Dover, being driven from 
that place by the ravages of the Indians, preached in his place, and received an 
invitation to become pastor of the church. He gave some encouragement that 
he would accept the invitation, but ultimately declined, as he was soon after 
enabled to return to his pastoral charge at Dover, where he remained till his 
death, which occurred in lTlO.f 

About the same time that Mr. Pike was at Hampton, Mr. Cotton preached a 
few months at Portsmouth, and was invited to be settled there, but declined 
the call. | In 1696, after repeated invitations, he was again requested by the 
church and people of Hampton, to be ordained as their pastor. After much 
solicitation, he complied with the request, ami was ordained, Nov. 19, 1696. 
Rev. Joshua Moody of Portsmouth gave the charge, and Rev. William Hub- 
bard of Ipswich the right-hand of fellowship. 

At the time of his ordination, there were only ten male, and fifteen female 
members in full communion with the church. Mr. Cotton appears to have 
betm a very worthy man, and during his ministry of some more than thirteen 
years, two hundred and twenty persons were admitted into full communion. § 
His connection with the church was closed by his sudden death, March 27, 
1710, at the age of fifty-two years. 

Mr. Cotton was married Aug. 17, 1686, to Anne Lake, daughter of Capt. 
Thomas Lake of Boston, who was killed by the Indians. 

They had eight children ; namely, 

John, b. Sept. 5, 16S7, d. Sept. 8, 1689. 

Mary, b. Nov. 5, 1689, m. Mr. Whiting. 

Dorothy, b. July 16, 1693, m. Rev. Nathaniel Gookin of Hampton. 

Thomas, b. Oct. 28, 1695. 

Anna, b. Nov. 13, 1697, d. at Boston. Aug. 7, 1745. 

Simon, b. Dec. 21, 1701, d. Jan. 2, 1710. 

Samuel, b. Oct. 12, 1703, d. in infancy. 

Lydia, b. Jan. 14, 1705, d. in infancy. || 

After the death of Mr. Cotton, his widow married Dr. Increase Mather, and 
died at Brookline, Ms., March 29, 1737, a. 74 years. 

Rev. Nathaniel Gookin. u At a town meeting, June 19, 1710, it was voted to 
give a call to Mr. Gookin." As a compensation for his services, the town pro- 
posed to give him £70 to be paid in produce at stipulated prices, but allowing 
any man to pay his part in money if he chose. A quarterly contribution was 
also to be taken, and the town to furnish him with twenty cords of wood yearly, 
and to give him the use of the parsonage ; — provided that Mr. Gookin should 
preach a lecture monthly, while he had the use of the parsonage. After a 
month's deliberation, Mr. Gookin expressed himself dissatisfied with the terms 
proposed. On the fourteenth of August, 1710, two persons were sent to Mr. 
Gookin, by the town, to ascertain on what condition he would consent to be 
ordained. The committee having reported, it was voted, the same day, that 
one half of the seventy pounds previously offered should be paid in money ; 
and that, when Mr. Gookin had a family, he should "have his seventy pounds 
made eighty."^ His ordination was Nov. 15, 1710. Rev. Nathaniel Rogers 
of Portsmouth gave the charge, and Rev. John Emerson of New Castle, the 
right hand of fellowship^ 

In 1719, a new meeting-house was built for the first church. This was the 
fourth house of worship, designed for that church, and was placed where the 

* Town Records. — MS. of Henry Dow. 
t Town Records. — Pike's Journal. — Belknap's History. 
j Annals of Portsmouth. 
^ Churcli Records. 

|| Town Records.— MS. of Rev. J. Cotton. 
"J Town Records. 



323 Congregational Churches and Ministers. [Oct, 

former ones had stood, near the present site of the Aeademy. This house was 
not taken down till 1808. It had two galleries, one above the other, but was at 
first finished with only one pew, and that for the minister's family. Other pews 
were afterwards added.* 

At that time, and from the first settlement of the town, it was customary for 
seats in the meeting-house to be assigned to particular persons, either by a 
committee appointed for the purpose, or by a special vote of the town. For 
instance, on one occasion, it was ordered that certain individuals should occupy 
"the foremost seat;" and certain others, "the second seat," &c. On another 
occasion, there was "a committy of meett men appointed by the town to rectify 
the sitting of men and women in the meeting-house."* 

During the ministry of Mr. Gookin, occurred the second great earthquake 
after the settlement of New England. This happened on Sabbath evening, 
Oct. 29, 1727. In the afternoon of that day, he preached a sermon from Eze- 
kiel vii : 7. "The day of trouble is near.''" lie seemed to have a presentiment 
that something unusual was about to occur, and, in the course of his sermon, 
he used expressions, that many of his people regarded as prophetic, though he 
himself disclaimed the gift of prophecy. He remarked as follows : " I do not 
pretend to a gift of foretelling future things, but the impression that these words 
have made upon my mind in the week past, so that I could not bend my thoughts 
to prepare a discourse on any other subject, saving that on which I discoursed in 
the forenoon, which was something of the same nature ; I say, it being thus, I 
know not but there may be a particular warning designed by God, of some day 
of trouble near, perhaps to me, perhaps to you, perhaps to all of us."f 

This sermon, in connection with the earthquake, which occurred only a few 
hours afterward, and with the subsequent labors of Mr. Gookin, produced a 
deep and lasting impression on the minds of the people. Many became hope- 
fully pious, and large additions were made to the church.J 

Mr. Gookin died of a slow fever, Aug. 25, 1734, aged 48 years. During his 
ministry of about twenty-four years, 320 persons were admitted to full commun- 
ion with the church. 

Mr. Gookin was a son of Rev. Nathaniel Gookin of Cambridge, Ms., and 
grandson of Gen. Daniel Gookin of the same place. Rev. Mr. Gookin of 
Cambridge was born Oct. 22, 16*50, and married Hannah Savage of Boston. 
Mr. Gookin of Hampton graduated at Harvard College when only a few months 
over sixteen years of age. He married Dorothy Cotton, the second daughter 
of Rev. John Cotton, his predecessor in the pastoral oliice, Dec. 21, 1710, and 
had thirteen children ; namely, John, b. Sept. 18, 1711, d. May 19, 1730 ; Na- 
thaniel, b. Feb. G, 1713, pastor of the church at North Hampton ; William, b. 
May 10, 1714, d. Oct. 27, 1723; Thomas, b. June 23, 1717, d. in infancy; 
Simon, b. Aug. 15, 1718 ; Daniel, b. May 31, 1720, d. Jan. 2, 1752 ; Dorothy, b. 
April 2, 1722, m. Rev. Peter Collin of Kingston: Hannah, b. Feb. 7, 1724; a 
son, b. Nov. 8, 1725, d. in infancy; Abijah, b. Jan. 14, 1727, d. of throat dis- 
temper, March 30, 1736; Samuel, b. May 19, 1729; Anne, b. Oct. 29, 1731 ; 
John Cotton, b. Aug. 10, 1734, d. of throat distemper, April 5, 173G.§ 

While Mr. Gookin lived, he was beloved and esteemed by his people, and 
his memory was fondly cherished, long after his decease. There was an unaf- 
fected dignity in his manners, which commanded the respect of all who knew 
him. He was learned, prudent, and pious, sustaining a high rank, both as a 
preacher and a divine.* 

Soon after his death, the town built a house and barn for the use of his 
widow, and engaged to give her £80 a year during her life, besides furnishing 
her with wood for fuel, and rendering her considerable other assistance. This 
was cheerfully done, not only as a memento of affection for her deceased hus- 
band, but from a regard to her own excellent character. She died May 12, 
1748, aged nearly 55 years. || 

Rev. Ward Cotton. Mr. Cotton's first sermon in Hampton was delivered in 
July, 1731.^1" At his ordination, his brother, Rev. John Cotton of Newton, Ms., 

* Town Records. § Town Records. — Rev. Mr. Gookin's MS. 

t Mr. Gookin's Sermons. || Town nnd Church Records.